The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on November 20, 1981 · Page 15
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 15

Salina, Kansas
Issue Date:
Friday, November 20, 1981
Page 15
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Rural Digest Stepbta Wubbun, Norton, was elected a delegate to represent Shorthorn and Polled Shorthorn breeders at the annual meeting and convention of the American Shorthorn Association in Louisville, Ky., recently. The shorthorn meeting will be during the North American International Livestock Exposition. Members elected 103 delegates to represent 26 districts across the United States and Canada. Friday, November 20,1961 — The Salina Journal Page 15 Corp. has reported an increase in sales in its third quarter over the same period during 1080, but warns that "further erosion of the farm equipment market and the low seasonal activity will have a significant detrimental effect on fourth quarter results." Hesston Corporation laid off 12 workers Oct. 28 due to the predicted decrease in sales. However Mel Voth, senior vice president of finance, said they are no longer talking about layoffs. "We are being very careful about costs," he added, however. Hesston showed earnings of 116,000 during the third quarter, but payment of preferred dividends resulted in a loss of 8 cents per share. In 1980, during the same period, it reported a lost of $535,000 and 24 cents a share. Chairman Lyle E. Yost said the declining agricultural economy will have an adverse effect on sales in the fourth quarter and that the company does not anticipate an upturn through the first half of next year. Dm A. NicbolM, who grew up on an Indiana swine farm, is the second member of the Kansas State University Cooperative Extension Service swine specialist team. He will team with Stan Poltava, who Joined the team last year. Nichols recently finished his doctorate program at Kansas State with a project looking into the effect of temperature on the digestibility of diets as well as at other factors that affect growth rate and energy use of pigs. He is a Joint extension-agricultural experiment station appointee. His salary is funded 80 percent -from extension and 20 percent from research. Nichols also is well known as a Judge at county swine, beef and sheep shows in Kansas. Have You Boon Shopping ., VERNEDA'S I14-A So. 7lh Lately? 827-0831 Plu A Home TUPPERWARE PARTY For the Holidays! Call 823-9636 Donna and her girls keep dairy busy VICTORIA (HNS) - Donna and her girls do more than their share to make sure there's plenty of milk on your grocer's shelf — and that's no bull. Donna — Donna Kuhn that is — is a dairy herdsman. Her girls are 77 Hoi- stein dairy cows. Every day at 5:30 a.m. and 4:30 p.m., the girls get together to keep Kuhn's Dairy in business. A city girl until her parents moved to their rural Victoria farm in 1965, Donna, 22, considered being a veter- inariarn until, in high school, she discovered her farm chores were less of a chore and more of an occupation. "I enjoy It," she said. "I feel like milking and fanning is my occupation." "She runs a pretty tight ship," said her father, Alfred L. Kuhn, adding that his daughter is responsible for most of the milking, some of the feeding and keeping the herd's birth records. Kuhn said the herd chomps down about 1,800 pounds of feed each day. At 5:30 a.m. Donna and her father The Great Plains The Salina Journal troop out to the dairy barn, greet the cows — each of which has a name — and begin the day's milking. "My friends think I'm nuts for getting up that early," Donna said of her daily routine. Two-by-two the cows are brought in for milking. While munching on grain, their teats are washed and hooked up to mechanical milkers. "It doesn't bother them," Donna said of the milking machine. "I think they really enjoy it. They Just stand there as calm as can be." Donna said she has few problems with troublesome cows. If one causes a ruckus "they're out — they go straight to the sale barn." Although most city dwellers can't tell toe difference, Donna said each of the cows has its own distinguishing marks and individual traits. One cow, for example, was a bit piggish. "We had one in here that almost choked three times because she was eating so much," Donna said during a recent milking operation. Currently 32 cows are being milked. Each cow has a "drying out" period, Donna said. However, those cows producing milk find themselves in the barn twice a day, every day. The milk flows through glass pipes to a separate room that contains a 500- gallon, refrigerated stainless steel tank. In the tank is an oversized, automatic whisk that prevents the milk and Ammonia treatment improves forages and stretches supplies HUTCfflNSON - Adding ammonia to the ration at today's feed prices appears to be a practical and profitable way to improve the nutritional value of mature forages, as well as a means of stretching supplies if you are short on homegrown feed. Gerry Kuhl, extension beef cattle nutritionist at Kansas State University, reported on the efficiencies of ammoniated feed at the recent Oklahoma- Kansas Beef Cattle Conference at Hutchinson. "Millions of tons of crop residue and other poor quality forages are produced every year in the United States, but because of their bulkiness, relatively low energy and protein contest and overall feeding value, little of this abundant natural resource is used for livestock," said Kuhl. Gaseous ammonia combines with water to form ammonium hydroxide, which seems to break the lignin-cellu- lose bonds in plant material. That process allows greater microbial activity in the rumen (the digestive process) to take place with the plant tissue. A complication of several forage am- moniation studies put together by Kuhl demonstrated that ammonia treatment increases forage intake by anywhere from 12 to 95 percent. Kuhl noted intake also may be influenced by adequate protein supplementation, but that even with adequate protein supplementation intake was 10 to 20 percent better with ammonia treated forages than with untreated forages. Treated forages also appeared to be more palatable, preferred by cattle to untreated material when offered free choice. Kuhl concluded that the effect of am- monization on forage intake is apparently the direct result of increased fiber digestibility and faster rate of passage through the digestive tract reducing gut fill and allowing greater consumption per unit of time. Kuhl cited successful trials with both cattle and sheep and discussed successful trials using other crop residues, including corn and milo stover. Cows fed ammoniated straw gained .62 pounds more per day than cattle fed untreated straw and consumed 19 percent more straw in Nebraska trials. A Purdue University trial with corn residue treated with 2.5 percent ammonia plus two pounds of corn supplement daily showed a 112-pound weight advantage over an untreated stover plus corn supplemented group. Performance in ammoniated cornstalks also surpassed that of cows fed untreated stalks plus either a soybean or urea based protein supplement, with the soybean supplement being superior to the urea supplement. In describing techniques of ammonia application, Kuhl said virtually any type of forage package, including square bales, large round bales and stacks or loaves, can be ammoniated and they can be tightly stacked together and ammoniated under plastic. Alfalfa hay I age can be sow ration MANHATTAN - Can alfalfa hay- lage, not normally thought of as a sow ration, be a practical alternative to an all-grain ration for maintaining sows during gestation? Yes, providing prices for hays are relatively low and your farm has facilities for making haylage, said Gary L. Alice, animal scientist at Kansas State University. In swine production, the major cost is feed and about 25 percent of that cost in a farrow-to-finish operation is used to maintain the breeding sow. "The K-State studies demonstrate that three pounds of good-quality alfalfa haylage (on a dry matter basis) and two pounds of a grain (in this case, ground corn), vitamin and mineral supplement should meet the nutritional needs of sows during gestation," said Alice during the recent Swine Industry Day. "Gilts may require additional grain if they do not consume the three pounds of haylage per day." Based on current prices, Alice said alfalfa haylage was worth about 4% cents per pound of dry matter as a feed ingredient. "If hay prices were much higher, the producer probably wouldn't want to fool with haylage," he said. Alice also noted quality of the hay- age is extremely important. Third-cutting alfalfa had a higher digestible energy and digestible protein that did the more mature first-cutting haylage. The digestible energy of alfalfa haylage for sows was 954 to 1,096 Kcal per pound. Sows fed alfalfa hay- lage and one one pound of a grain, vitamin and mineral premix farrowed lighter pigs at birth that pigs farrowed from sows fed 4% pounds of a corn-soy diet during gestation. Classified ads get results. :"*X*H fsill Flgmre Fmahlom...Slmea M2% to 26%, SO to 52 [ )04 S. Santa Fe ' " Pre-Thanksgiving Sale! Coats... 20,.30°- Full and pant length styles... Wool, quilted, and ffeece lined coats... your now! Pants...20* OFF Many fabrics, colors and styles to choose from I Blou§e§,,,20*o»F ; Bows, for dress...tailored ! for casual...choose several 1 Exquisite Fora 30* OFF Bras, body briefs, controllers, for e*tra large sices. See y*m mt the fmrlt *»!•*.., THANKfGWMG SAVE '50 to $ 100 Now Sale Priced As Low As $19995 Bountiful Selection Of Pontiac Swivel Rockers and Comfortilt Swivel Rockers The new Comfortilt by Pontiac is a swivel rocker with a hidden footrest that pops out with the movement of a side handle. Come in and let us demonstrate one for you. AUGUSTINE cream from separating. Every two days the milk is taken by a Mid-America Dairy Cooperative tanker to a receiving center at Ellis. Brothers run tanker The tanker operation is run by Donna's brothers, Leon and Norbert, who travel more than 150 miles each day picking up milk from dairy farms in Rush, Rooks and Ellis Counties. From the distribution center, the milk travels to Denver, where it is later processed and sold. Although it takes less than five minutes to milk each cow, the entire milking process takes about two hours, Donna said. Most of that period is Cemetery suit is headed for February trial TOPEKA (HNS) - A state suit filed in November of last year, alleging misuse of funds in maintaining six cemeteries in Kansas, should go to trial Feb. 15, 1982, according to Jeff Southard, assistant Kansas attorney general. Named as defendants in the suit are partner-operators Harold V. Matney and Robert L. Pinet, two Ottawa investors who operate Memory Gardens Association, the third-party defendant in the suit. Southard said the suit is a result of complaints received from citizens concerning upkeep and maintenance of the cemeteries in Hays, Chanute, El Dorado, Garden City, McPherson and Great Bend. "Our office received numerous complaints about the upkeep of the cemeteries," Southard said. Southard said the suit asks that the cemeteries be declared abandoned due to lack of maintenance, that a new receiver for the cemeteries be appointed because proper records have not been maintained, and that consumer violations were incurred because people paid for professional care which had not been received. The suit was filed in Butler County District Court. spent cleaning and sanitizing the barn and milk room. In the afternoon, Donna's father heads to the fields and her younger sister, Diane, a high school junior, joins Donna in the barn. Though she enjoys helping, Diane said the routine can be a burden. "Sometimes I have something I want to do and then I don't like it," she said of the dairy work. Besides her other responsibilities, Donna helps her father with the farm's artificial Insemination breeding program. Kuhn said all the cows are bred on the farm. In the elder Kuhn's opinion, dairy farming is a "little bit better" than cattle ranching or wheat farming. But he adds, "There are a lot of headaches. It's not all gravy." Among the headaches is the necessity to milk the cows twice a day, without fail. But the problems don't taunt Donna, who says she intends to "be milking e,° long as I live, or until I drop." Unlike other jobs, "it's not boring around here," she said. Although the family has an endless supply of milk, Donna said they don't drink the profits. "None of us drink milk," she said. "We just don't care for it." WE COPY PHOTOGRAPHS EXTRA COPIES AT REASONABLE PRICES! RALPH WIICEL Bonds - Insurance Phone 827.2906 115 East Iron COLOR PROCESSING Kodak Bring Your Photos In For FREE ESTIMATES All Work Done In Our Own Photo Lab. "We Use Kodak Paper for that good look" A-SMILEA-MINUTE 119 South Santa Fe STUDIO Phone 823-2256 A Positive Cure For The "Nail" Biter with Sculptured MONA Acrylic Finger Nails. BEFORE AFTER SHOWROOMS •t Mile. Wo. 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