The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on March 26, 1947 · Page 1
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

Hagerstown, Maryland
Issue Date:
Wednesday, March 26, 1947
Page 1
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Good Morning Question: Will the Hetio Girls walk out on us April 7? MORNING VOL. LI, No. 72. HERALD Marc!, winds should subside before nightfall. HAG-ERSTOWN, MARYLAND, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 26, 1947. 5—Mean* Aiioclated Pr»M 20 Killed And Scores Trapped In Mine SINGLE COPY, 5 CENTS. German People Would Accept Trealyjerms Nations Who Declared War Would Attend Peace Conference By -WES GALLAGHER Moscow, March 25 (/P)— The United States proposed tonight that the whole German people be required to accept terms of the German peace treaty, and that an advisory peace conference- be held by all nations which declared war on the Nazis. U. S. Secretary of State George C. Marshall told the four-power Council of Foreign Ministers that no German government should lie saddled with the onus of signing the treaty, but that the German people should agree in their national constitution to accept the terms oC the pact. The Council meeting broke up early so that the ministers could attend a command performance of the ( ballet Romeo and Juliet at the famed Bolshoi Theater as guests of the Soviet government. Georges Bidault, French Foreign Minister, supported Marshall's proposal that the German people accept the pact, but V. M. Molotov of Russia and Ernest Bevin of Britain voiced at least tentative objections. Bevin said he doubted the legality of such a clause in the German constitution. Molqtov said he would have to consider the proposal further, but that he believed a. German government should be required to sign the treaty. Molotov also suggested that Iran and Albania be allowed to participate in any German peace conference- (Iran declared war on Germany in 1943. Albania -was taken over by Italy the war.) before the start of Marshall said acceptance of rhe treaty by the German people'fol- lowed logically from the unconditional surrender imposed on their country. % "If our view prevails, when the Germans accept the constitution they will he obliged to accept the peace settlement."' the American Secretary said. "Then the (Continued on Page 2) - Ger- Ambossador Vassili Dendramis (above), Greek delegate to. the United Nations, was named ambassador to Washington, subject to the approval of the U. S.' Government, it was announced in Athens. Truman Repledges Full Faith In UN President Replies To Critics On Greek Aid Proposal Washington, March 25 (/P)—President Truman today repledged full faith in the United Nations, in obvious reply to critics who complain that the Administration is damaging the U. N.:.s prestige by bypassing it in favor of lone-handed aid to Greece and Turkey. In a 7nessage to Secretary General Trygve. Lie on the first anniversary of the initial ^U. N. meeting in the United States, the President said the American people "believe in the future of the United Nations with firm conviction." He added: "The United States, in all its Soviets Cast Another Veto Russia Seeks To Block Mine-Laying Charges Against Albania By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER Lake Success, N. Y., March 25 (/P)— Andrei A. Gromyko cast Russia's tenth, veto'in the-United Nations. Security,. Council today to defeat • a majority verdict against Albania for the mine-blasting of two British Destroyers in which 44 Royal Navy sailors were killed in Corfu Channel last Oct. 22. On this first anniversary of the Security Council's initial session in the United States—an occasion saluted by President Truman in a message reaffirming United States support of the United Nations— Gromyko calmly raised his hand in the negative .on a' British resolution holding; that the mines could not have ; been laid "without the knowledge of the Albanian authorities." Then, with special consent to make a statement, Gromyko lashed at the Greek government for what he called its failure to provide proper protection for the Soviet members of the United Nations commission investigating conditions in the Balkans. The Council took note of his remarks that it should safeguard its inquiry commission. The seven Nations voting to sustain Britain's charges against Soviet-Satellite Albania after they were,watered down by French and United States amendments were": Australia. Belgium. Brazil. China.' Colombia. France and the United States. Poland voted, \vith Russia, Syria abstained, and Great Britain could "-not vote because she was a party in the dispute. Sales Tax Bill To Become Law Senate Adopts Favorable Report on Governor Lane's Proposal 17-12 after Long Debate Annapolis, Md., Wednesday, March 26 (/P)—The Senate after two hours of debate adopted early today a favorable report on Governor Lane's sales tax, thus insuring- its eventual passage. The vote was 17-12 and came at 2:10 this morning climaxing iong hours of effort to get the bill on the floor. Although the Senate was scheduled to reconvene at 9 p. m. with discussion of the sales tax as a probability, delav followed delay. Most of the Senate, Democrats and Republicans alike, were on the second floor of the Statehouse and many conferred at intervals with Governor Lane, who has said the SlS^OO^OO-a-year bill must pass to save the state's fiscal program. " The main obstacle appeared to be a lack of votes to suspend Senate rules and get the bill passed at once. The Senate went into session shortly before 10 p. m., ran through a dreary list of committee reports, passed two score bills in listless fashion and then recessed at 11 p. m. for a half hour. Three Republicans on the Senate Finance Committee joined with six Democrats in favor of the sales tax. The Republicans were Senators Bailey (R-St. Mary's), Fraley (R- Garrett) and McAllister (R-Dorchester). Against the bill were Senators Kimble (R-Allegany) Ellison (R-Balto 4th), Monroe (R-Charles) and Barton (D- Ballo 2nd). Only Minor Damage Results From Gales Trees, Small Buildings, and Roofs Suffer in High Wind Gales thai topped mile-a-minute velocity at times yesterday restored March's reputation as the month of kinds, but failed to cause much damage of serious proportions in Hagerstown and Washington county. Bringing an abrupt end to the mild weather that had prevailed here, the violent blasts broke tree limbs, played havoc with insecure roofing, and sent hats spinning wildly through the air. However, telephone and power ,ines were not seriously damaged the windstorm. The Potomac Edison Company reported that trouble calls were fairly frequent during the day, but slackened off after dark. In almost all cases. only two or three homes were affected by power failures, caused by fallen limbs and similar difficulties. The Municipal Electric Light Plant also had a fairly easy time of it. although one trouble spot around Howard street and Reynolds avenue was reported. Three poles had been blown down on View street near Pangborn boulevard. Telephone Company Ready To Arbitrate Offer- Is Submitted In An Effort To Forestall Breakdown Baltimore, Marh 25— (/P)—The Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Baltimore City offered today to arbitrate the basic wage-rate demands of two worker unions in an effort to forestall a communications breakdown in this state. August U. Haneke. vice-president and general manager of the company here., said the offer was submitted to the Maryland Federation of Telephone Clerical workers and the Maryland Telephone Traffic Union. Haneke's announcement came after a temporary halt of the manufacture of telephone equipment at the Point Breeze plant of the Western Klectric Company, where more than 5.400 members of the Telephone Workers Equipment Union went on a 24-hour protest walkout. Union leaders said the employes of both day and night shifts would remain in "continuous meeting' 1 until 9:30 a. m. tomorrow and then return to their jobs. Republicans Shave Labor DepfFunds Efforts To Amend Appropriation Bill Defeated In House Washington, M arch 25 (/P)—The House, passing its second trimmed down appropriations bill, voted tonight to knock Conciliation Director Edgar L. Warren off the Labor Department pavroll and cut in half the funds requested for the National Labor Relations Board. It went even farther t.han its Appropriations Committee and whittled another $1.000,000 off the imdget for the Bureau, of Labor Statistics. This left the Bureau with ?2.3?3,400 as compared with Announces Telephone Strike Vote to 3!). appropriates for ;he Labor De- its request for $6,700,000. The bill, passed on a roll call vote of :i-J,% $1,694,586,700 partment. the Federal Security Agency and related offices for the fiscal year beginning July 1. Amendment after amendment was batted down as the Republican majority rammed the measure through. Defeated were proposals to abolish the NLRB entirely, to add funds for the Veterans Ad'ministra- tion Job Placement Service, and 10 restore the jobs of Warren and his Conciliation Service aides. The Appropriations Committee had held that Warren had once belonged to 'alleged Communist front organizations and was unsuited for a job of such responsibility. The Conciliation Service is the Labor Department's chief means of settling labor-management disputes. As it went, to the Senate, the bill carried $S9,S64.20p. for the Labor Department, SS99.045.1SO for the Federal Security Agency. ?-!.033,700 for the NLRB. $850,000 for the National (Railway) Mediation Board and ?6SO,793.000 for the Rail(Continued on Page 2) The TBWU is one of five .Maryland unions engaged in negotiations with the Western Electric and the C. and P. Companies. TEWU officials said Joseph A. Ben-uc t right), president of the National Federation of Telephone Workers, announces in Washington that tho union's policv com- mitiee, headed by J. ,!. Momi (left), vice president, voted to "call a nationwide strike nn the Bell System ou April 7. (AP Wirephoto) March Storm Damage Heavy At Least 10 Persons Dead and Property Damage Severe Rinehart and Republican Commissioners Issue Charges While Sunday's meeting at the Court House on the question of the. county's $2.500.000 school bond bill obviously turned into a political session, members of the Republican State Central Committee for Washington County were, not invited to attend. D. Kldred Rinehart, chairman of the committee, OYSTER BILL PASSED Annapoi'is, Md.. March 25 (#>)— The Maryland State Senate passed tonight without comment a Polo- mac river oyster bill which would permit Maryland authorities in prosecute Virginians on charge? of violating oyster regulations. " EARLY MORNING FIRE Firemen were called to a blaze in a wooded section off Walnut i ,-.-.. „ . - .., v .,,i ,., ^mu \ in' jiruipsi j The telephone company received j walkout was due to the "failure 'a few calls complaining of inter- of the company to n\-p up to'pres- --*---- Lane shortly after morning. midnicht this I Coal Into Gasoline acts, seeks to add strength to tbe United Nations and to give effect, to the principles and purposes of the United Nations charter." This development followed an announcement by Warren R. Austin. U. S. representative to the U. N.. that he will give tbe world peacekeeping organization a statement Friday on the Greek-Turkish situation. One of the main issues in the Administration plan to shore up the. Greek and Turkish governments against communism is: Does the United States propose thereby to the processes of the Unit- .ed Nation? With. that, as the background. Austin called on Mr. Truman to-, ..,. .„ _., _ ^ day. Later he told reporters at j S120.000.000 proect which conceiv- the White House of his plan to! fl l'l>" can insure the nation an arie- make the statement, before the Se-i^ 113 ^ gasoline -reserve' for more curily Council in New York. •..i. contract conditions" on seniority and other issues, as well as rupted sen-ice, but a spokesman said that, they were not numerous. . A large sign blew down at the i "stalling 1 " on new demand? corner of West Franklin and Mac-j There was no picketing and tele- Pherson streets, dead limbs on \ Phone service was nor interrupted trees suffered havoc, and airport flying was grounded. At. the airport, the anemometer recorded a maximum velocity of 70 miles per hour. Snow flurries flew from time to time alt day. but. didn't total Meanwhile, strike "pallors distributed to me.mb r Telephone said last, night. Chairman Rinehnn said the Democratic Central Committee is apparently trying (•> control Hoard of Education decisions. Declaring that C. William Hetzer. chairman of the Democratic Central Committee, by his own statements injected politics info thei conference, the Republican mem-i hers of the Boari of County Com-1 missioners also lashed out last i night, at this development. "The peop!e>f this county should were have th< '}"- i efforts of Chicago, March 25 (JP)—A savage March storm that raked large areas of the midwest moved swiftly toward the north Atlantic today, leaving at least 10 dead, many thousands of dollars in property damage and a paralyzing blanket of hard-packed snow. Tbe early spring, .storm, which gave some midwest states a worse buffeting than anything they experienced last, winter, crippled communications, stalled trains, impeded highway and air traffic and closed many schools and factories. Winds ranging from SO to 60 miles an hour, with gusts occasionally as high as SO, uprooted trees, snapped power lines and damaged homes and buildings, temperatures dropped abruptly as tbe storm hit. Storm deaHis were, reported in Illinois. Ohio. Indiana. Michigan. Tennessee. Pennsylvania and West. Virginia. They were caused by electrocutions from broken power lines, exposure, a wind-toppled tree and a farmhouse fire that firemen couldn't reach for two hours because of blizzard Conditions. The storm developed suddenly yesterday afternoon in Northern Indiana and spread over Illinois, lower Michigan and Ohio, it moved swiftly toward the Atlantic up the. St. Lawrence Valley, but weather forecasting said Pennsylvania and New York would escape the full brunt of the snow and winds. Jti Michigan, the winter was th<v most severe in several years, damage was high. Hay city. Saginaw and Flint were hard hit. with factories and schools closed and thousands temporarily forced into idleness. An 11-coumy area around Hay Sity and Sagin'aw was paralyxed. with all state highways impassible and all schools closed. Sonny, In About Face, Marries Younger Girl La s Vegas, Nev. r March 25 !/P)— Ellsworth (Sonny) Wisecarver, Jr., 17-year-old California lothario " who twice eloped with married women, both mothers of two children, did an about face today and married a giri his own age. Sonny : s escapades in the field of romance made him . fugitive in California, for he escaped from a Youth Authority Camp to which he was'commit- ted. Nevada refused to extradite him but wouldn't grant him a marriage license, so he went to St. George, Utah, today and wed Betty Zoe Reber. Sonny is a bu s boy at a hotel here, his bride a theater usherette. After a brief honeymoon they'll live in a $40-a-month trailer. U. S. Acts To Avert Telephone Walkout Ace Troubleshooters Sent To New York for Talks Rescue Teams Carry 24 Men Out Mafefy Little Hope Held for 85 Others in Illinois Explosion Centralia, 111., March 25 (/P) —Twenty coal miners were reported tonight to have been killed in an underground explosion in mid-afternoon, and rescue teams were trying to get to scores of others trapped 540 feet below the surface. Twenty-four miners had been brought out alive by 10:30 p. m. (CSTj, leaving 85 men unaccounted for. A total of 131 miners were in the mine when the explosion occurred. PJd Wick, news editor of the Mt. Carmel. .ll|, f Republican Registe-r, said he heard Illinois State Mine Inspector Driscoll Scanlou tell State Police Captain R. c. Winder that he counted 21 dead in the mine. The body of one other miner had already been recovered. "It's as bad as it can be," the Mt. Carmel newspaper man said Scanlon reported. 'The gas i s so heavy another explosion could come momentarily." Elmer N. Bainl, [nee boss at the mine, said "There's no chance for the men still down there." More thaiv 500 persons, including some weeping women, crowded around the mine shaft as floodlights played on the scene. > and ambulances were lined up for about a quarter of a mile. Police set up rope lines to keep the crowd back, but there was no hysteria. Two small taverns withi-j oU" feet of the mine were jammed with persons eager for any scrap of i> formation about the men below. An emergency medical center was established at. the Community Center in Centralia. and ;i.s tin: i miners still living were brought up on stretchers they were la' en there and to St. Mary's Husr^VL i AS the crowd surged around the mine entrance and watched as ilie t rescue teams went in ami came | out. H voic.e on a public address i <ystem urged: "Stand bi'ck. ytau-i i back." i Some of the miners wuv reported trapped as far as four miles I back from the shaft of the single ir workers, so they may express th sentiment on the threat end nationwide walkout April 7 (continued On p a ge 2) |Retailers Discuss Project Inaugurated To Assure Adequate Reserves Of Gasoline Tee to control the board of educa-i tiou." they said. I At the meeting Sunday thr ac-! jcusation was made, and nm denier!, thai the Democratic Central Com-1 mit.tee, had asked that members of j the Board of Education appoj n ; a /r , T- / , . {Washington County man as super-i lOSr I line Hpl'Pi !ntniu '' MU ^' schools without re-' *- lv -[ssmI to qualifications. 'j The recently appointed commit- "^'IT* 1 r >e'™tTa?ir members ! • ' refused. the Republican Count vi tee. on daylight saving time, of thr Retailers' Bureau held By MAURICE MORAN Pittsburgh. March 25 (ff>\ — \ t »\f\ s\s\ .* s\ ,^ .* - \ J . "H will deal thoroughly with the item in our Security "Council business which relates to disturbances on the northern border of,Greece," he said. Ar-kcd whether he will cover tho Turkish^situation as well. Austin nodded that he will. Undersecretary of State Clayton [than 5.000 years through coal synthesis was announced today by (lie world's largest cqmmerciafcoa'l producer. The Pittsburgh Consolidation Coal Co. and the Standard Oil Development Company are co-sponsors-, of the project which aims to produce coal-distilled gas.'high O c he started by.the end of 1049 with commercial production foreseen by Raw coal for the project—which it-- ffrst meeting yesterday morn.- course" nig. discussing "fast time" for Ha-! gfrstown this summer. j The group plans to contact ih Commissioners reported last night, j "We, pay tribute to those nion of i Mayor and Council, in support of daylight paving time, here this summer. The local Retailors went on record in support of daylight sav-i Hetzer advised Democratic mem- j hers of the House of Delegates not. ' to openly express views at the meeting, the Republican Commissioners charged. Th^se at ing time a month agn. a move f- •• '• <ni'i*iii H rii ii m us commercial form will con-! which has since been backed by smne 6.600.000 tons annually—will' - "ncHon m lie drawn from Pittsburgh Consoli- meet in r report eri thr\v followed Continued on Page 12") Family To Move Into New Home The family of Zola 11 Harbatigh. 42-year-old father of eight, who perished in the flames that destroyed lus home, near Blue Ridge Summit early Sunday, will move into their new home this week. It will be partially furnished and stocked with food. K. K. Bohn. president of the Blue Ridge Sum-in it. Lions (.'lull, said a considerable amount of food and small articles has already been received at the Shopping Center. Wednesday and Thursday the Lions will collect, furniture, and deliver it. to {he now home. Tho family escaped from their flamine honi" with only their night huge quantities of coal. appearcd before Hie Senate Forei-n , tan ° Ka5oUnc aml . . w>^"-^«« tiMfT, V j-.»,»***•:*;."._ - f Relations Committee to back, tip Mr. Truman's request for $-100,000.000 in aid to Greece, and Turkey. He expressed belief that worid peace depends to a large extent on the preservation of the independence of sovereign nations throughout the world. oil from LOCAL BILL PASSED A bill to give the Mayor and Council of Hagerstown power t.o provide for retirement pension? for municipal employes passed the State Senate last night, . The project will start in a §300.000. "pilot plant." to be constructed near Library. Pa., where Pittsburgh Consolidation has extensive holdings, including the. new Mathies mine which is relatively un-' touched. Coal and oil company officials expect the piht plant to be 'completed this year. If its operations prove coal synthesis for gasoline and gas commercially , practical, a huge plant will be built at a cost estimated ar ? 3 20,000,000 or more. dation's 100.000 acres of coal lands in Western Pennsylvania. The coal will- pour into the maw of giant converters at. an estimated rate of 20.000 tons daily. The coal company's prime interest is in pumping life inf.o the veins of an industry which has been fading in this district since 11142. Robert P. Russell, president, of the Development Company which is the central technical organization of the Standard Oil Company of New Jersey, said the oil company has two principal reasons for interest in the project. "The first is that it would assure the United States of an enormous potential reserve, of liquid fuel. The. number of other local dubs „„„ organizations. IN AUTO CRASH 0<>orsse C. Wilson. 21. Haws- town, was one of three, drivers involved in a three-car crash north of Chambersburg near Sunset Airport Monday. Wilson w as charged with operating too fast, for eondi-, - - tions. [{e paid a fine of S13.50. | Mnnnhnn. 2S. Waynesboro. Pa.. Man Gets One Year For Burning Auto Pleading guilty to an indictment involving the burning of his automobile at Thurmont. last summer collect insurance. Marshall R Washington. March 25 (^— Traf-i to one year in tbe House of f tX*-nnt:^^;..«f. 1 •*, . ,» . " *'IV.- fie was tied up foi today at 14th and half an hou G streets, in downtown Washington, when one man was struck by a streetcar and another fainted at the sight. LARCENY REPORTED Rov B. reported . . . . second is that, the cost, of finding! night the larceny of }io j n oil and its production i* mounting from his place of business on last cash f .»• i,, of this plant would and will probably continue to rise." i Church roction by Associate ,ludg e Stedman Presrott in Frederick Circuit Court yesterday. Judge Prescott said tho. fact that Mannhan bad a wife and three children and is expecting a fourth child did not give, him the license to r-onimit whatever crime ho d^- .*irpd. Thr greatest hardship in surh rases, he declared, falls on the wife and children. QUAKE RECORDED Victoria. March ?r> i/pi -- ,\n earthquake of moderate intensity with its t'picent^r approximately 4.:?0i> miles from hop 1 in an undo- tiM'mifH'd direction was recorded at the Dominion Astrophysical Oh- strvatory todny. Dr. K. 0. Wright, seismologist, said th>- first shock was recordod at S.-nT.'rtS p. m. (KSTi. and the Ions wave arrived at 4:':?;oO. RENT CONTROL PASSED Annapolis. Md., March 25 i.ipi-- The Senate passed and sent to the House tonight a hill to allow rent control to continue in some parts of Maryland if Federal controls are released. COMMISSION AUTHORIZED Annapolis. Md.. March 2.S <'/?!-• The Senate s*>nt to Governor Laru> tnnicht an art cv^atinc a water pollution commission for Maryland.. Washington. March 25 (/P)—The Government .sent, one of its ace trouble-shooters into action today in an effort to avoid a threatened coast-lo-coHKt walkout of 2&7.000 telephone workers on April 7. Assistant Secretary of Labor John W. Gibson, who achieved an eleventh-hour settlement of a similar dispute, a year ago. left for New York to confer with American Telephone and Teiegrirph Company i Bell .System) officials and get their views on the situation. Gibson's depart tiro came as any prospects for negotiations between t lie A. T. ,fc T. and the. National Federation of Telephone Workers received :i new jolt. The federation's -IP-man policy committee yaid flatly the company had "rejected" a union proposal fnr negotiation of contract differences. Tiie committee, which has tentatively ordered a nationwide strike at h" a. m.. April 7. had proposed that the A. T. <t T. begin bargaining on a cross-country basis by next Tuesday and had set 2:30 p. m. today as a deadline for the company's reply. At •{ p. m.. an hour and one-half iit'tor tht! expiration of the rtead- lim 1 . the company's reply was re<v»v?d at federation headquarters horn, but Joseph A. Beirne. federation president, labelled it H re- joctioti. HciniP. told newsmen t.he company had "passed the buck" to its affiliated operating companies by referring ihe negotiating proposal to them, instead of handling it, directly. >if> sa jri , v T _ & T wa< , "continuing the fiction of independent companies--thp. story book tale, that tbe A. T. A- T. doesn't handle that kind of stuff." ' ( : oniiniip,d on Local Motorists Are Urged Not To Discard Old Tags Sheriff Joseph Raker last night warned local motorists not to discard their present license plates until after the final expiration date lieracse they may be. picked up and used by criminals in making "hauls." This danger ha s existed every year in the past when license plates were to he, reissued, Baker said, but it 15 more acute this year due to (he longer'period before final deadline for using new plates. Some cases have come to the attention of sheriff's officers recently in which stolen license plates used in carrying out crimes. PE Operating Costs Jump, Board Is Told Annual Meeting of Board of Directors Held Yestercay Potomac Edison Company operating expenses last year increased 20.7 percent over those of 19-15 while for the same period PE revenues showed an increase of 5.7 percent. PH President R. Paul Smith said in his annual report to the Board of Directors at a meeting in Frederick yesterday. Smith attributed the increase in 1!>46 expenses partly to forced use of less efficient generating stations to meet heavy demands for power, partly to the substantially increased rates of pay of employes, and partly to the greatly increased costs of material. Referring specifically in the local situation in his report. Smith said his company "is endeavoring to work out a plan to effect the'sub- stitution nf buses "on the Williamsport trolley line "a.'-- a result of traffic congestion problems". Smith, in explaining the electrical situation, pointed our. that customers req-nired electric power to the point where generating stations, which normally are used only as stand-bys, had to be operated over long periods during the year to supply the demands for power. The PK President reported that the, average wage? of hi? company's employes in 1H4S showed an increase of 54..> r > as compared with 1040. In discussing the relatively slight increase iu revenues during the, year. President. Smith reminded the Board that effective May .1. 194rt electric rates were reduced with benefits to nearly ail of the approximately 1*10.000 customers then being served. In his statement to the PK Board. Smith reported that "there were no major additions to power loads during IS46. Many industrial customers increased their output, and power requirements and a large number of small industrial and commercial customers were connected to the system 'for the first time. Residential construction throughout the territory was at record levels and many rural customers were, added both fo old lines ^nd to new on PS constructed (Continued on Page 2)

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