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Poge 8 REDUNDS, CALIFORNIA JUNE 29, 1963 Let the experts speak American lawyers still may not be facing their gi-eat responsibilities in this period of racial strife and constitutional test It is commendable, of course, that leaders of the bar have agreed to establish a committee to work for eased tensions. But this could mean no more than that lawyers would offer their services as negotiators and pacifiers in difficult situations, just as any civic-minded citizens might do. What is needed from lawyers is something they can contribute uniquely: a brighter, clearer light on the broad range of constitutional controversies which have been stirred as the racial struggle has sharpened. The lawyers could start at an elemental level, with profit to all of us. For example, what are "civil" rights? To what extent are they federal in chai-acter, whether or not spelled out in the United States Constitution? Article Nine of the Constitution's Bill of Rights says "the enumeration in the Constitution of certain rights shall not be construed to deny or disparage others retained by the people." What does that mean? Lawyers ought to be able to tell us what the courts and the counti-y's best le- gaJ minds think. Then, what are states' rights? The other day, Gov. Ross Barnett of Mississippi said "a state that loses the right to e.xercise exclu- i\e jurisdiction over its own affairs loses its political soul and its citizens have lost their most valuable freedom." The key there, obviously, is knowing what is meant by a state's "own affairs." If a federal "right" conflicts with a state "power," which takes precedence? U. S. la^vyers have been painfully reticent on this vital subject, though it is tightly bound up in the pi-esent racial turmoil. Southerners dispute the validity of the powerful 14th amendment, whose "equal protection under the \a.\\s" clause is the foundation of so many recent Supreme Court decisions. What do the courts, the lawyers and the legal scholai-s say about the soundness of this amendment's status as law? Who is sovereign, the federal government or the states? It may surprise many to know that the word is nowhere mentioned in the Constitution or any of its 23 amendments. A line in the Constitution's main body says "the citizens of each state shall be entitled to all privileges and immunities of citizens in the several states." Those words are seldom spoken these days. What do they mean? The Constitution, invested with more immediacy in our lives than ever before, cannot be the plaything of the amateurs. Let's hear from the strangely silent expei-ts. Remarks were indelible As if parents didn't have enough to worry about, medical science has just discovered that many school children are prone to a condition called "eraserophagia." The name is the worst thing about it, however. It means eraser-swallowing. The phenomenon was discovered by two radiologists (X-ray specialists) in Wheeling, W. Va., in the course of examining school students. Drs. J. L. Curry and W. J. Howland noticed little white spots scattered in the innards of the kids where white spots shouldn't be. Close questioning finally elicited a history of "nibbling" on pencil erasers in schools. In true scientific fashion, school erasers were procured and X-rayed. More than that, in the tradition of Jenner, Pasteur, Walter Reed, the radiologists themselves swallowed some erasers. The substance — which areJiarmless — causing the white spots on X-ray film were identified. The doctors, writing in the American Journal of Roentgenology, Radium Therapy and Nuclear Medicine, concluded that "Eraserophagia. . . is probably a rather common habit, particulai-ly among school children. They are trying to rub it out The Newsreel We still have to wait until one of cur own girls orbits before we'll know if lipstick and powder can be applied successfully in a state of weightlessness. A survey informs us that most moonlighters hold down that extra job because they need the money. This is quite a surprise: We had thought they did it in order to retire •with two gold watches. Hai^old Wilson, leader of Britain's labor party, says the Pi"ofumo case is a victory for Russia. It also tiu-ned out pretty good for the redhead. Artistic integrity, we often think, is inherent only in the snowman and the sand castle. Their designs ha\-e required no basic alterations in the last few centuries. Humor makes strange pen pals. The two most popular names in jokes these days are Christine Keeler and Tom Swift. A magaane photographer, looking for dust bowl pictures in the west, complains that it rained so hard it ruined the papier mache steer's skull he carries along as a prop. Congressman Sludgepump says the proposed anti- nepotism law would violate his basic, civil rights to hire any relative he \vants to. What this country needs is a good five-dollar wedding present With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and BiR Moore Next Thursday Redlands wUI have a rip snortin' Fourth of July celebration as one of the events of the Diamond Jubilee year. There will be a barbecue in Sylvan park and a big show and fireworlcs at the University of Redlands stadium. A Fourth of July celebration is unusual for Redlands. In fact in some years the Fourth has been more noteworthy for its absence of celebration than otherwise. July 4, 1900 was typical. The Facts for that day reported: Never since its incorporation as a city has Redlands passed so quiet a Fourth. During a greater portion of the day the streets were almost deserted. Little had been done in the way of decoration of business houses and dwellings, so the customary holiday atmosphere was absent. Old Glory floated from each flagstaff, a few small flags were displayed here and there and a little bunting of the national colors. For awhile in the morning and again during the early part of the night there was considerable noise from the crack and boom of fireworks and the heavens displayed here and there a streak of light and colored balls, showing that there was a little being done in pyrotechnics. The guardians of the peace made their rounds in search of fire and disturbances, but in vain. There was nothing to arouse suspicion or alarm and not enough people about to keep the police from getting lonesome. One boy had his hand injured by the explosion of a cannon cracker, but no other accidents have beeen reported. The celebration began on the evening of the third and all that night fireworks were discharged in small quantities. About daybreak the church beils were rung. The process of emptying the town of its people began at an early hour. Probably there were more people away to spend Fourth of July than ever before left the upon any occasion. Long before sunrise many were on their way in carriages to the mountains and neighboring cities and at 6:15 the trains began taking them out. More went to San Bernardino than any other place. There were 570 tickets sold by the raih-oads for that city and there were probably 50 more who went to the county seat in carriages. There were 136 who purchased tickets to Los Angeles and a great many went to coast points and other Southern California towns. Among those who went to San Bernardino were 27 members of Company G, the Redlands City band of 20 members. Mayor Fowler and several other city officials. Company G participated in the parade and competition drill, but missed by a narrow margin in winnuig of the cash prize. The Redlands band was hired by the day and played in the parade and at the park in the evening. The parade was late in getting started, and went over the usual route to the pavilion. The band boys surprised themselves with their playing. There was a pyrotechnic exhibition and dancing at the pavilion and armor}'. Late trains brought the visitors home about midnight. Notes H. Chamberlain of Mill Creek had a cannon cracker explode while grasped in his hand about 9 o'clock last night. He was taken into a drugstore and the wounded hand washed. It was badly burned and was cracked open in two places. Dr. Tyler dressed the wound. The street car was decorated with bunting in the national colors. A boy, whose name could not be learned, had his face and neck badly spotted with powder from a cannon cracker exploding near it. The "cooler" is empty today. There was not an arrest in the city on the Fourth. You'll Find a Ready Market Thru Fast-Acting Facts Classified Ads Whose Shot? Kennedy opens world policy debate By Wniiui S. WUte Teletips TELEVISION TOP SHOW: - 7:00, Chan. 11. "Battle of the Bands". Competition between teen-age musicians (13 to 20 years old), comprising dance combos, vocal groups and soloists. Originates at Hollywood Bowl. 8:30 — Chan. 9. "Richard III," 1956 movie starring Sir Laurence Olivier. Sir John Gielgud, Sir Ralph Richardson, Sir Cedric Hardwickc and Claire Bloom. Directed by Olivier. 10:00 — Chan. 7. All-American Football Game. East vs. West game involving 60 college seniors considered the best grirlders in the country. Redlands Yesterdays PIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 90, lowest 56. Vila-Fluor Corporation wins $342,000 contract from MiUtary Medical Supply which is second half of $700,000 contract, reports President Jay Mulder. University of Redlands takes out first building permit which starts trend to reconstruct Vets Village from barracks structures to permanent-type apartments. Some 2,000 photographers converge on Smiley park for the 10th annual Photo Fiesta. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 90, lowest 55. The Rev. and Mrs. Carl Doss and their "United Nations" family reported planning to rent the Lyon house on Wabash and make Redlands fbeir permanent home. Vurgil Luke elected to succeed M. Glen Adams as president of the Chamber of Commerce. John Blumcnberg wins Redlands golf championship in competition with 85 players. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 93, lowest 59. San Bernardino County Museum association members elect Dr. Gilbert Becker as president and Lloyd Martin as secretary. Grass fire bums circle around W. B. Molony home MI West Crescent but only plants and shrubs damaged. First session of Boy Scout Camp at Ro-Ki-Li already at capacity, reports Ellis Davies, Redlands Scout council camp chairman. BERRY'S WORLD SATURDAY EVENING 5:00— 2—Post Parade 9—Movie 11—Don Durant 5:15— 2—Horse Race 5:30— 5—Movie U-R.C.M.P. 5:45— 2—Movie 6:00— 4—News (C; 7—New Breed 11—Dan Smoot 13—Ann Sothem 6:15— 4—News Conference (C) II—News 6:30— 9—Deputy 11—Dance Time 13—Frontier Circus 6:45- 2, 4—News 7:0O-2-Sea Hunt 4-Wyatt Earp 5-^effs Collie 7—Gallant Men 9—Movie 11-BatUe of the Bands 7:30- 2—Lucy-Desi (Return) 4—Sam Benedict 5—Yancy Derringer 13-Robm Hood 8:00— 5—Restless Gun 7—Hootenanny 13—Country Music 8:30— 2—Defenders 4-^oey Bishop (C) ' 5—Movie 7—Lawrence Welk 9—Movie 11—Movie 9:00- 4—Movie (C) 13—Beauty Pageant J:30_ 2-Have Gun 7-Lock Up 10:00— 2—Gunsmoke 5—Ray Anthony 7—All-America Game 11—Movie 10:30— 5—Movie 10:40— 4—President's IVip 11:00- 2, 4—News la—Movie 11:15— 2—Movie 4—Desflu Playhouse 11:20— 9-Movie ll:30-13-News ll-Movie SUNDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—Camera Three 4—Hour of St. Francis 5—Adventist hour 7—Movie 13 -Variedades 9:30—2—Light of Faith 4—Christopher Program 10:00— 2—Learning '63 4-This is the Life 5—For Kids only 9—Project Today 11—Movie 13— Panorama Latino 10:30—2-Story Shop 4—Frontiers of Faith 7—Movie ^Ladies of the Press 13—Faith for Today 11 :00- Z-Afovie 4—Movie 9-Angel Talk 11—Great Churches 13-Churcb in the Home 11:10- 9-BasebalI Warmup 11:23— 9-BasefaaIl 11:30— 5—Home Buyers Guide 12:00- 2-TelI It Again 7—Movie 11—Movie 13-Oral Roberts 12:30- 2-Washington Report 4—Harvest (C) 5-Speedway International 13—Moneymakers For You 1:00- 2-Sum & Substance 4-Ethics (C) S-Movie 11—Dan Smoot 13—Voice of Calvaiy. , l:15_7-Movle II—Capitol Reporter 1 :30—2— Friendship Show 4—Confrontation tC) . 11—Topper 13 -Cal's Corral 2:00-a -Intemational Hour 4-CoIIege Report 11—Qeveland Open 2:30— 7—Issues 4 Answers 4—Feitelsoa on Art (C) 5—Auto Races 9-Movie (C) 3:00— 2—Movie 4—Movie 7—Directions '63 3:30— 7—Champion^p Bridge 11—Movie 4 :00- 7—Press Conference 9-Movie 4:30— 2—Communism 4—News 7—Take Two 13—Social Security Action 4:45_ 4—Your Man in Washington 13-MUestones of Century SUNDAY EVENING 5:00- 2—Musical Theater 4—Journey of a Lifetime (C) 5—Popeye 7—Major Adams 11—Hollywood Dance Party 13-Dr. Fifield 5:30— 3—Amateur Hour 4-BuUwinkle (C) 9—Championship Bowling 11—Auto races 13—News 6:00-2—Twentieth Century 4—Meet the Press (C) 5—Invisible man 7—Pinocchio 11—Territory Underwater S:30_ 2—President's Trip 4—Sunday Report 5—Polka parade 9—Maverick 11—Campus in Action 13-SA7 7:00— 2-Lassie 4—Ensign O'Toole 7—Paul Winchell Time 11—New You 13—Bitter end 7:30- 2—Dennis The Menace 4-Disney's World (C) 5-Jack Barry 7-Jetsons (C) 9—Movie 11-U.S. Marshal 8:00- 2-Ed Sullivan 7—Jane Wyman 11—26 Men 13—Sidney Linden 8:30- 4-Car 54 5-Medic 7—Movie U-Mr. & Mrs. North 9:00- 2—Real McCoys 4—Bonanza (C) 5-It is Written 11-Johnny Staccato 13-1 Spy 9:30- 2-G. E. True 5—Movie 11—Sheriff of Cochise 13—Paris Precinct 10:00— 2-Candid Camera 4—Du Pont Show (C) 11—Best of Coates 13—Racket Squad 10:15- 9-Deputy 10:30— a-What's My Line? 7—President's Trip 11—Open End 13—Operation Success 10:45— 9-Movie 11:00- 2, 4, 7-News 13—Movie 11:15- 2—Movie 4—Movie 5-Wire Service . 7—Honeymooners THE ALMANAC Today is Saturday, June 29, the ISOth day of 1963 with 185 to follow. The moon is approaching its full phase. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Those bom today include singer Nelson Eddy, in 1901. On this day in history: In 1852, former U.S. senator. Speaker of the House and Secretary of State Henry Clay died io Washington. In 1928, Gov. Alfred Smith of New York was nominated by the Democratic convention for the presidency. In 1954, Colonel Carlos Annas overthrew the pro-Communist regime in Guatemala. In 1961. the United States orbited three satellites at once. A thought for the day—Fraid) philosopher, Rochefoucauld, said: "There is no disguise whidi can for long conceal love where it exists or stimulate it where it does not" The way is now open for a grand trans-Atlantic debate on world policy scarcely less fateful for Western mankind than the great national dialogue of nearly 30 years ago which at length ended isolationism in this country. This, above all, is the meaning of President Kennedy's urgent trip to Europe — a meaning far trans- cendfflg all partisanship at home and all jockeying for purely national position abroad. In proclaiming with unprecedented candor both America's right to West- era leadership and its design for an interdependent, a one-for-all- and-all-for-one West, Kennedy has challenged head-on the forces of isolationism-by-fragmentation of which President Charles de Gaulle of France is mind and symbol. General de Gaulle is on notice from this time forward that his drive to take headship of a new and separated Europe will be resisted in every decent way by the United States of America. Through President Kennedy, this country has said to be de Gaulle that it has not for 17 years poured out its treasure for the salvation of Europe only to see Europe fait apart again under the ambitions of statesmen whose honor of purpose is not matched by their capacity in power or understanding. Kennedy, in short has signaled a historic contest not with Charles de Gaulle as a person but with Gaullism as the center of a new isolationism which seeks to exclude both America and Britian from the real councils of the new Europe. The immediate purpose is to arrest the strong present momentum of this GauUism. The ultimate purpose is to reverse that jnomentum. The specific necessity is to halt de Gaulle's encouragement for a series of "independent" and wholly inadequate European nuclear forces and thereby stop European effort from going down this drain of futility while the West is denied the sound contributions which Europe could make to Allied conventional forces. An intermediate requirement, of course, is to resist de Gaulle's tendency to read into his close regional alliance with West Ger many some French right to make West Germany also an ally of Paris against the high policies of the United States. Thus, the President's deliberately spectacular visit to Germany was intended not merely to "show the flag" of the United States and to give reassurance that we would, indeed, fight for Berlin if need be. It was more importantly intended to make it abundanUy plain to the Germans that the only really indespensable ally for West Germany is the United States. This, then, is the context of the great debate of the '60s. It is curiously reminiscent in some ways, of the great debate of the '30s over American isolationism. The American isolationists, deeply patriotic, put their faith in an old nationalism which was no longer enough once Hitlerism l»ecame an international, rather than a national, manifestation of evil power. And they were earnestly convinced that Hitler would never do what in fact he was about to do — strike out for something far more than limited additional German "living space." The new de Gaulle isolationism — deeply patriotic, too — is as tragically wrong in its estimate of the new international manifestation of evil power which is international communism. It has convinced itself that communism will continue to withhold an ultimate attack upon the West simply because that attack has thus far been withheld. It has convinced itself that the tin-pot "independent" Europen forces which de Gaulle envisages will be allowed to develop and flourish in peace by the Soviet Union, a power which could smash them all, in their divided state, in 20 minutes. The struggle, at last is between power and realism on the American side and dreams and hopes on the de Gaulle side. The Soviet Union can be restrained by the one. It could only be incited by the other, for weakness is no less weak for being called "independence" by those whose independence can only be preser\'ed by others. (Copyright 1963, by United Feature Syndicate. Inc.) ASSIGNMENT; West Outer limits of sanity ore coming into siglit By Neil Morgan , TREASURE HOUSE Ybor imnsed tonitnre or appliances win find a ready maricet through Classified Ads. SAN DIEGO — The British may have lost the Revolutionary War, but they never surrendered their probing paternal interest in the American colonies. Lord Bryce took the tours of America last century and came up Nvith the aptest reporting to date when he wrote: "The West may be called the most distinctly American part of America because the points in which it differs from the East are the points in which America as a whole differs from Europe. . . What America is to Europe, what Western America is to Eastern, that California is to the other Western states. . But just the other day came a big bear of a man with a reddish mustache which turns comers to grow down on both sides of bis mouth to his chin. He sat heavily in a chair in the Grant Grill and introduced himself as John O. Hamilton, a roving producer with the Canadian Broadcasting Corp. He did not purport to be a Lord Bryce, but he was touring the United States on a hard three-month schedule so that he could tell Canadians about our nation — and especially the West. Hamilton was sweating profusely, a memento of an exploratory trip the night before to Tijuana, and a short-lived experiment with the native agua called tequila. "It was a trip that I might have avoided," he said with a fine clipped accent "It added nothing to the study." But be had been on the prowl up and down California for many days, and bis lunch companion tried to beat Hamilton to the first punch of interviewing. "What do you like best about Califoraians?" I asked. "The aggressiveness of the people, their alert attitude. This is a truly distinctive civilization which is making its own way. It is difficult to plot the course of the Cali- fomian, but what many overlook is Otal Qie CaMonaaa is going One Minute Pulpit And they went to a place vdticb was called Gethsemane; and he said to bis disciples. Sit here. wMe I pray. — Mark 14:32. Dear Lord, who sought at dawn of day. In sditary woods to pray. In qnietoess.we come to ask Thy presence for our daOy task. —Barry ^.Tanie^tca. somewhere." "And what do you like least?" "Califomians seem to me to be living at the top of their voice, quite without self-consciousness, but with the result that foreigners like myself become completely bewildered. There is a smugness, an obvious conviction that this is the bfst place in the world. It does upset a foreigner a bit; it tends to make him feel like a poor relation with his nose pressed against the window." "And how do Califomians differ most from the Canadians?" "They're often totally involved with their husbands, wives and children and houses. That's natural. For many of them, these are the first husbands, first wives, first children and first houses. Of course they're going to make mistakes. They're so busy coping with each other that it's inevitable. They don't tend toward much concern with broader matters, such as intemational affairs. "California has an intensely personal society. Not selfish, quite. But one absorbed with working out the relations of a man to his job, kids to their school, the woman to her community." Hamilton paused to find momentary solace in a more civilized spirit known both to British and American as the martini. "Certainly Los Angeles can evoke a vision of a vast used car lot but you'll find the same thing on Route 4 in New Jersey, or in the eastern fringes of Toronto in our own nation. How are you going to keep them down in the 19th Century, after they've seen Cali- fomia?" Canadians are known for salting away their monies toward retirement in Florida or California. Some 400,000 former Canadians are believed to be living along the West Coast of the United States. Canadians have been settling in California for the same reasons that U. S. citizens of other states have been: climate, job opportunity, a sense of future and freedom. And so does this Canadian, unlike most of the visiting horde of probing journalists, leave California with a smile? "This is tomorrow here in California, whether we like it or not," be concluded, nibbling an olive. "But one must admit that the outer limits of sanity are coming within sight" The bo^ mustadie twitched. •TeU me. old diap." be said. "What do they pot into that tequila?"