Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 9, 1953 · Page 17
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 17

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Friday, October 9, 1953
Page 17
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More Money From Minor Farm Crops: Grape Farmers at Nauvoo Rate Recognition The annual grape harvest in the Nauvoo area of Man- cock Gounty has been recognized as another unusual commercial farm crop, in Illinois and forms the subject of a feature article in the current issue of "The Record!" official monthly publication of the Illinois Agricultural Association. Following is the comment on this minor farm crop and a brief review of early Nau-' voo as prepared for the I.A.A. publication by James A. Jensen, field editor: One hundred and four years ago Etifcnne Cabet, 11 French lawyer and former altorncy general and deputy of France, led a group of people seeking a Utopian society to a spot on the Illinois bank of the Mississippi river, about fifty miles north of Quincy. One year earlier Joseph Smith, leader of the Mormon society which had settled there in 1839, had been shot to death. The persecuted Mormons had scattered in several directions, one group led by Brigham Young having gone west to found the state of Utah. Group Scatters But things were more peaceful now, and Cabet thought the area would be an ideal location for a community in which no person owned any property, but all work cd for the good of the community. Less than a decade later, torn by internal disscntions, these "Jcar- ians" as they were known, also scattered. But Cabet and his group, who made one of the early unsuccess ful attempts at a communistic so ciety, left behind the seeds for an industry which was to bring as much fame to the locale as did Joseph Smith, Brigham Young, and Cabet himself. For Cabet's followers had brought with them a few grape vines, which they planted on the sun drenched hillsides around what is now the town of Nauvoo, 111. Today some of these vines are still producing and Nauvoo is world famous for grapes. The town is also known for its blue cheeses, and each September thousands of visitors flock to Nauvoo to enjoy the annual Grape Festival and see the "Wedding of the Wine and Cheese." The grapes not only contribute a setting for the Festival, but supply a good income for many farmers near Nauvoo. Descendants of both the Mormons and Icarians still tend their vineyards, along with many farmers who settled in Nauvoo in more recent years. Output Decreasing Most of the Nauvoo grape growers, who tend their vines with loving care and reap substantial profits, express dismay at the number of vineyards being removed in the area. For grapes are following the general trend in the Illinois fruit industry—plant population and fruit production is on the decline. Clarence Newton, born in Nauvoo in 1888 and steeped in the history and tradition of the area, shakes his head in disbelief. I can show you acres and acres of land around here where there used to be vineyards," Newton says. "And I can't understand it." "You can make a good profit from grapes, but I guess most of these younger folks don't want to be in the grape business because there's too much work involved." And there is a clue to what's happening, not only to grapes, but to NOW YOU CAN OWN THE NEW ELGIN AUTOMATIC WATER SOFTENER For little more than you are paying for • Rental! • Operates Itself Automatically • Regenerates Itself Automatically • No Tanks to Change • No Service Calls FIND OUT MORI ABOUT THIS! Free Water Analysis. We Service and Repair all makes of water softeners. ELGIN WATER CONDITIONERS 226 East Main Street Phone 8-1461 most fruit in Illinois. "Too much work! It's easier to put the land in soybeans and corn," Is what you hear nil over. Use Great Care The real grape growers of Nauvoo, however, cultivate, spray, prune, and tie up their vines with great care. And many of them gross as much as $500 from each acre of grapes. Arnold Ourth, who farms 65 acres on a bluff overlooking the vast expanse of the Mississippi river, is a typical Nauvoo farmer. Ourth is a past director and vice president of the Hancock County Farm Bureau. He is a church leader, and takes an extremely active part in community affairs. Tall, handsome, and quiet spoken Ourth believes in what many agriculturists say is the answer for the fruit industry — diversified farming. He has 20 acres in pears and apples, five acres of beans, and six acres of grapes, mostly of the popular Concord variety. Ourth also keeps about 10 head of dairy cattle and some purebred Yorkshire hogs. Cites Demand and Profits "Grapes have been profitable since I've been in the business," Ourth says. "The demand for grapes has lately been more than the supply and the price has "held up pretty well." The chief problem with grapes, as Newton points out, is in the amount of labor required. Planting, of course, is not much of a problem, because the vines produce for decades. Grapes will grow fairly well almost anywhere, but for top production and quality, the soil should be well-drained. Even a lack of moisture won't hurt the vines too much. This year has been extremely dry, but the Nauvoo grapes are of good quality and abundant, although some are slightly smaller than normal. Growers Differ Fertilization and spraying practices vary considerably among different growers. Ourth sprays twice for rot and berry moth during the year. "Some grape farmers spray five or six times," Ourth says, "or even more often than that. "I include some nitrogen in my spray, but many people around here use manure and other fertilizers. Cultivation of the vineyard is very important," he says. "I like to cultivate at least twice a year. This keeps down berry moth and stops weeds from taking nourishment from the grapes." But pruning, tying, and picking involve most of the labor. The vines have to be tied to guide wires for best growth and easy cutting. And every year about 90 per cent of the vine must be pruned off. Variety Counts Grape harvesting begins from about the first week of August to the middle of August, depending upon variety, and continues for more than a month. Ourth hires eight to 15 hands, who cut bunches of grapes and pack them in four- quart baskets holding about five pounds each. The cutters are paid five cents a basket, and top hands can cut about 200 baskets a day. The average price received by the farmer last year was seven cents a pound—making the cost of hav- vesting one-seventh of the price of the grapes. Ourth markets his grapes through an association of growers, of which he is president. The baskets are trucked into Wisconsin, ^Minnesota, Iowa, the Dakotas, and other western states. Most of the grapes are used for the table, for juice, or for jellies. Only a very small percentage goes into wine making. See Encouragement Encouragement for more Nauvoo farmers to grow grapes may come this year in the form of a food plant which plans' to process and freeze the fruit for later use in jelly and other grape products Grapes for this plant will not have to be packed carefully in baskets —they can be cut easier and dropped in bushels, helping to solve the harvest labor shortage. Jack Logan, manager of Nau voo's Gem City Vineland Com' pany, points out that it's expen {Knox County Group Plans Carload of Corn As Christian Rural Overseas Program Help .. "fit*-*! ARNOLD OURTH, Nauvoo grape farmer, cuts a bunch of Concord grapes in his vineyard. A former officer in the Hancock Farm Bureau, Ourth farms 65 acres JACK LOGAN of Gem City Vineland Company operates a grape sprayer. Most growers spray at least four or five times a year for rot and berry moth. A goal of one carload of corn has been set as the commodity quota for Knox Coun-i ty for CROP (Christian Rural! Overseas Program), according; to the Rev. Drrald T. Gaspers,! pastor of the Victoria Methodist; Church, and county chairman for! the effort. j Although it was decided that! corn will be accepted before the! time of solicitation, there is desigi nated as the period of intensive! solicitation the last week of Octo-i ber, begnning Oct. 26 and ending I Oct. 31 with Sunday, Oct. 25, to be; observed as CROP Sunday in the; Churches of Knox County. j This county's corn contributions,! plus products bought with cash! given in lieu of commodity, will be i combined with other gifts in kind; from all over tl United States for] shipment to the needy all over the; world. Serves Any Agency ; CROP is a program of the Central Department of the Church World Service of the National Council of Churches of Christ in the United States of America. It serves the council's 30 denominations, but accepts food for re­ lief programs conducted overseas by any agency. The donor may designate the Mennonite Central Committee, the American Friends Service Committee, the Jewish Joint Distribution Committee, and others. Distribution is under taken only on the basis of need without regard to race or creed. Ap organization meclfng for Knox County's part in the pro gram recently was conducted here in the Farm Building. The Rev. Mr. Caspcrs presided, 1 and the Rev. Ralph F. Maschmeicr! of Springfield, Illinois State CROPj director, was present as a resource person. List Other Officers Other officers named for the Knox County effort were listed as follows: Marion Butler of Abingdon, vice chairman; Everett Leigh of St. Au- jgustine, secretary; Arvid T. Er- llandson of Galesburg, treasurer, jand the Rev. Harry R. Evans, pastor of Emmanuel Methodist j Church in Galesburg, publicity 'chairman. Others present at the meeting were Harvey Safford, Wataga; Fred Cook, DeLong; Dfirlald Ben* son and Lewis Sprecher, of Yates City; Merle Tice, London Mills; George Fell Jr., John Clifford Jr. and William Bice, of Victoria. Township chairmen for the program were listed as follows: Rio, Ross Litchfield, Rio; Walnut Grove, Dwight Nelson, Altona; Lynn, George Fell Jr., Victoria; Sparta, Harvey Safford, Wataga; Copley, John Clifford Jr., Victoria; Victoria, William Bice, Victoria; Orange, Fred Cook, DeLong; Elba, Donald Benson and Lewis Sprecher, Yates City; Chestnut, Merle Tice, London Mills; Maquon, Ira Moats, Maquon, and Salem, Franklin Sprecher, Yates City. The Rev. Mr. Caspers called attention to the need for help in many ways, such as contributors, organization workers and solicitors. In fact, the support of the entire county is imperative in this program dedicated to Christian brotherhood, he said. TYPICAL OF LABOR required for grape production is basket making at Nauvoo's Gem City Vineland Company. isive to start a vineyard. "The [cost of labor and the posts and Iwire that you must have, plus the fact that you must wait for three years or four years to harvest some grapes makes it an expensive proposition," Logan says. But Logan is also quick to agree that grapes can yield substantial profits. And there are no surpluses, acreage allotments, or marketing quotas to worry about in the grape industry. The disabled must be given a chance to show they can do a job . . . . and do it well! Peach Tree Produces Different Varieties OPHIEM — A peach tree on the premises of the residence owned by Mr. and Mrs. Arthur Ossian produced two different varieties this season. Freestone fruit was picked from half of the tree, while the other half of the remarkable tree produced cling stone variety. This season, 145 quarts of peaches were canned from the tree's yield, beside what the family enjoyed as fresh fruit. A WELL-KEPT Nauvoo vineyard belonging to Arnold Ourth.' GALESBURG, ILLINOIS, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 9, 1953 PAGE 17 Homemaker Column Writer Recovering Miss Wanda Sward, home adviser of Knox County and conductor of the Home Bureau News and Views column on the farm and home pages of The Daily Register-Mail each Friday, * is recuperating from an operation performed at the Cottage Hospital Wednesday, Sept. 30. Miss Sward, who was dismissed from the hospital Monday, is convalescing at the New Look in Pails An Iowa farmer uses a nipple pail to feed his calves but it looks more like a cow than most. He has three nipples on it, and finds the three-way bucket makes feeding easier when he has several calves. home of her mother, Mrs. D. W. Sward, 914 N. Henderson St. She expects to resume her work Monday, and her column will again appear on next Friday's farm and home pages of this newspaper. Galva FFA Holds Pest Killing Contest The Galva F.F.A. Chapter has announced that team 3, with 6,775 points, has won the pest killing contest the chapter held. On the winning team are Norman Wright, who was top man for his team with 2,315 points, Roger Appell, Owen Polousky, Carl John- json, Lowell Thuline, Don Atnip, DicJr Verscha, Duane Fuerst, Howard Werkheiser, Don E. Nelson and Richard Nash. Top individual scorer was Don A. Nelson of team two-who amassed Truro Slates Farm Meeting on Policy WILLIAMSFIELD — A Truro township policy development meeting for Farm Bureau members and families will be held Monday at 7:30 p. m. at Williamsfield High School. This will be an open discussion meeting. Ability, not disability, counts— hire the handicapped. 4,205 points. Dick Palmer with 1,055 points topped team one and Blane Johnson with 825 was high for team four. -SKEW AS" The Most Famous Name In Battled Gas LUKE'S 49 South Pr«lri« Str««t 30 Years in Downtown Geleskyrg Feed Prices Reduced at DeForest DcForest Pride 40% Balancer Cwt. $4.95 DeForest Pride 40% Pellets —Cwt. 5.10 DeForest Pride 26% Pig Meal Cwt. 4.50 DeForest Pride Pellets Cwt. 4.65 DeForest Pride Booster Meal - Cwt. 4.95 DeForest Pride Booster Pellets . Cwt. 5.10 DeForest Pride Pig Creep Starter, Sugar Injected Cwt. 5.95 DeForest Pride 20% Egg Mash Cwt. 4.35 DeForest Pride 20% Egg Pellets- Cwt. 4.50 DeForest Pride Grower Mash Cwt. 4.45 DeForest Pride" Grower Pellets Cwt. 4.60 DeForest Pride Starter Mash Cwt. 4.55 DeForest Pride Starter Pellets Cwt. 4.70 DeForest Pride Poultry Concentrate Cwt. 4.90 DeForest Pride High Energy Broiler Cwt. 4.30 DeForest Pride Poultry Fattener Cwt. 3.80 DeForest Pride 16% Dairy - Cwt. 4.25 DeForest Pride 32% Dairy Concentrate.- Cwt. 4.50 FARM IMPROVEMENTS last a lifetime made with READY-MIXED CONCRETE For dozens of improvements around the farm, no other material offers the service and economy of firesafe, enduring concrete. If you are planning a new rat-proof poultry house floor, sanitary dairy bam floor, a feeding floor or foundation—build it the convenient, low cost way with Ready-Mixed Concrete. Need A New Feeding Floor? LOOK! What ready-mixed concrete will cost you—delivered mixod end placod in your forms..« For example: A Feader Floor 20 'x «0 'x4" (10 Cu. Yds.) — Sea Chart Below — Our Feed and Pellets are made Fresh Daily which helps maintain a constant high level of Vitamin Potency. We Use Borden's Formulas If It's Borden's It's Got To Be Good COMPARE PRICES - COMPARE RESULTS - SAVE MONEY DeForest Feed & Seed Co. Distance Siie and Total Delivered Thickness Cost 5 Miles 20x40x4" $154.00 10 Milei 20'x40'x4" $164.00 15 Miles 20'x40*x4" $174.00 GALESBURG ABINGDON For mileage not shown, add or deduct 19 .00 par mlla for the above quantUy. CULL U8 FOR ANYTHING CONCRETE "Ou.- Business Is Growing" 1050 Monmouth Blvd. Gjdtrimif, I1L Fhottt 1050-6

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