Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 16, 1948 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

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Thursday, December 16, 1948
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The Weather Cloud]/, rain ending tonight. Friday, clearing, warmer. City Weather — Temperatures — High, 35; low, 33; noon, 35. River—15.49 /eet. Ruin—1.13 inches. FINAL VOL. LXXLX.—NO. 346 Astocioltd Prcst Stnict—AP Wirephoto' CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 16, 1948 International Heft Servict •'12 Pages 5 CENTS Kai-Sheks Write Own Love Story Chinese Regard Union As Love-Match; Mme. Chiang Has Stood By, Risked Life to Stay With Husband, Cause By DEW1TT MACKENZIE AP Foreign Affairs Analyst Years ago while visiting in the home ' of the late Anthony Hope I. asked the famous but then aging romanticist -whether he • was writ- Ing another novel, and he replied Tith & wistful smile: ' . "No. Romance comes easier when one is young." As a generalization that like ii so. Still, truth is stranger • than : fiction, and not even in his heyday, when he dreamed «uch tales-»s "The Prisoner of Zenda". could Sir Anthony have produced anything surpassing the real-life drama being enacted by one of history's most notable couples—the no lonRcr youthful Chianc . Kai-Skeks. There is » great love »tory. Over in China Generalissimo Chiang Kai-Shek is fighting with bad: to wall to stare' off disaster at.the bands of the Chinese Communist rebels. 'The fate or his government—of China itself—is.at stake. Bo is the personal'fate of this dy- Eamic personality -who for a score of years has' guided his county through the vicissitudes of civil and international war. 'During that long time Chiang's constant help and inspiration has •been his brilliant, American-educated wife, whose genius has made her one of the most remarkable women' of our time. Throughout this tragic phase of China's odys- «ey she has stood by him, even risk- Ing her life to save his. 1 Small wonder that all China, has came to look .on this partnership as » wonderful love- match. 60 it isn't strange that" TVS' find bcr now in Washington as the generalissimo's most trusted and efficient ambassador, seeking aid for her country. It is stated that thus Tar she has been unsuccessful. Uncle Sam is doing. all. he can for China. However,. Madame 'Chiang's mission needn't'enter.into our story further. It has • performed its ser- Tice in emphasizing the continuing drama of . this romantic team,' Chianr first met his future wife (Mat-Lin'r Soonj) In 1922. ' She belonged to a wealthy fam- H.T and w»« ilster-in-law of J>r. Sun Yat Sen, father of the Chinese republic. She then was 14, a beautiful and talented graduate of Wellesley College Is Massachusetts. He was 34, an' • •ager follower'of'Dr. Sun, and Already had won .hi» spur* a> -a- military genius. He too, came from a. family of means. Five years later they were married, despite the fact that she was i Christian and he a Buddhist, Her mother had objected to the match but gave her consent when Chiang promised to study Christianity. This he did and three years after their marriage was 'baptised into the Christian .-faith. Since then- the Chinags have been known as exceptionally devout. Madame Chiang immediately plunged. into affairs of state when her husband became head of government She frequently has been referred to as "the brains of China," arid' generally has been regarded as to.all intents joint generalissimo with her "husband. • Madame's influence, on the general always has been great. She has been his councillor, .and has .performed notable ' service as a bridge between him and the western world. Many times she has acted as his private interpreter, and as tnvoy extraordinary • on delicate missions. She has been credited with creating Chiang's military- air service. But always she ' has submerged herself. So runs the story of this great marriage until it would fill a book, but we need .add. only one more incident to complete the drama. Back in 1936 the generalissimo was taken prisoner by (Continued on Page 5, Col. 6) Americans Ban Uniforms At Red-Sponsored Events • BERLIN—W —Wearing of the American uniform at "any Communist-sponsored public' activity of any nature" was forbidden today to TT. .S. military and civilian personnel in Berlin. • .«• A military government bulletin gald violation of the order would be grounds for court-martial in 1 the case of soldiers on the active or retired list. Civilians are liable to dismissal. r Santa For Many Lands Hiss Santa' Claus serves .many lands as' -shown at .'this rehearsal for the International Children's Broadcast 'December '19. The affair brings- together children of embassies and. legations in Washington. Shown left to right- are Christina, daughter of .Dr. Cesar' Acosta, minister counselor, Paraguay; Dimitris, son of Paul Economou-Gouras,' counselor; Greece; Joanna (on' Santa's knee), daughter of Zygmunt'Litynski, commercial counselor, Poland; Danda, standing, daughter Egidio Ortona, first secretary, Italy; Wilhelmine, daughter of Dr. A. dustrial division, ERP off ice, 'Austria. Giesl-Gieslingen, chief in- Small Scale Fighting Marks Peiping Battle Radio Berlin Blown Up By French Force Towers Wrecked, Station Goes Off Air; Rods Said Threat To Life Planes By -WES GALLAGHER BBRUN^/P^The French, today blew up : the lowers,ot .the. Soviet- controlled-':Radio :: Berlin, knocking the station off .the .air. -. .; . The Russians, however, have..another. tower outlet, Germany's old Deutschland sender, of the city. 20 miles east I arched gates. Communists Encircle City As Shanghai's Papers Banner Fall NANKING— (IP)— The Chinese government and the Communists made simultaneous announcements tonight, orie saying the grovernmcnl 12th Army Rroup hajj escaped a Red trap, the other saying it had been "completely wiped out." By SPENCER MOOSA PEIPING— (/?)— The sound of rifle fire punctuates the crisp air..of Peiping "today, but within the Communist-encircled city's. ancient, walls life' goes on much as usual.' •' The city has'not fallen .'.although the Reds are ..swarming - over its suburbs and rolling toward the thick (Moosa's dispatch scotched rumors Brig. Gen. Jean Ganeval, French j in' -Shanghai- earlier that Peiping military-commander in Berlin, said! had been captured, the two towers were demolished by AP ; correspondent's French forces this morning.' The radio 'was not on the air at the time. Danger To Planes ' Ganeval said -he was compelled to destroy the towers because they were "a.very great danger" to Allied airlift planes coming in'by. radar to the new Tegel field In the French sector. • The ' .towers were near the field. . • -. . The French commander said he The «teran correspondent's story was -filed af!2:30 p. HI.—11:30 p/m., Wednesday, Eastern Standard Time—and relayed to, San Francisco via Shanghai). •• Fijrhtins 'Small Scale • The fighting appears relatively small-scale and concentrated mostly west of the city -walls,. • Small anus- fire is occasionally interspersed by mortar bursts and .some lignt artillery which, can be heard clearly throughout Peiping, The Beds thus far have thrown _, — ., , J.JJC A\«CU.O uuua j.ai j.±«,vt v»*i.v"" ^5 ^^^^"If^t^ionly-smaU forces into the attack, evidently ' reserving their mam attempt to bottle the demolition would take- place today in order to allow the management time to arrange new; installations in another sector. He said the demolition took place' without incident. German postal authorities said the French not only blew'up the radio towers, but' also the control installations for the- Cowers. Demolishing the .towers climaxed a long four-power dispute over Radio 'Berlin. (Continued on Page s, Co], j) Prisoners Report Nicaraguan Strong Man Backs Drive By TOM STONE SAN JOSE! Costa Rica—OT—Two prisoners seized at La Cruz say Gen. Anastasio • ' Somoza,' ".Nicaraguan strong man, is • reported to have, .pledged full', support for the current invasion- of Costa Rica. '.' . : -The organizer,- they say, is Dr. Rafael Calderon- Guardia, .former president of Costa Rica, -whom • a- military junta has prevented from reassurning the .presidency. 'The field" commanders, -they say, are'a Nicaraguan and-a Eonduran. 'Army .staff officers questioned the prisoners, .in the presence of reporters, at the San Jose jail last night. They identified themselves as Pedro Jose ' Ordonez and Plorenclo Ordonez, .- brothers. The two were among 38 men captured in fighting at La Cruz. 'Assignment: America' CRr«. D. 8. P»t. CWI.) Hundreds Of Strange Street Names In Capital Unknown To Residents By KENNETH L. DIXON WASHINGTON — (INS)—Probably it can be presumed that practically everyone knows that the President of the United States lives on Pennsylvania Avenue, ^ere in the capital of'these United States. Also, many citizens who. have not visited Washington still arc well acquainted with the historical events which have transpired on Constitution Avenue, the famous peop\e who have lived on Massachusetts Avenue, . the well-known addresses on Rhode Island and Connecticut Avenues— »nd even a couple of storied .structure* on streets named "Q" and "R." -But not many, even including those who were born here or have lived in the district most of their lives, know that Washington -also is a city- of curiously-named courts, alloys, byways and dead-end streets. There are, however, according to the District engineer, approximately 1,500 of them with names which al- strength for up . the city Gen. Fu Tso-Yi, government commander, of north China, decides to light all the way. The Communists have pushed close enough to 1 level cannon on the (Continued on Page S, Col.. 3) Dealers Hope For Late Rush , ..By. SAM DAWSON NEW 'YORK— ((?)— The last-minute shopper is the bane of .the counter-clerk! But for the next seven shopping days he's the hope of the nation's merchants. / . The good old American custom o' the, last-minute rush to the stores for gifts .is • on the way back — or at- least -businessmen fervently trust it is. ' For six weeks now retail- sales had been falling behind those in the similar week last year. Merchants have had many alibis. Now they are ringing, a happier tune. In many stores the late rush of customers" appears to have started. A few stores here and there report sales -this week better than last year. Others say that while sales are still below last year, this week's dollar volume will be much closer to last year's "similar week than in any period' since the sales slump started early in November. House Probers To Reveal New ensations Feel Hiss Indictment Proves Case; Turn To Ring Operating Now By WILLIAM F. ARBOGAST WASHINGTON — (/P) — Congressional -spy' hunters today promised new and up-to-the-minute sensations, now that, the celebrated Hiss- Chambers case -shifts, from Capitol Hill to a federal court room. Yesterday's federal grand jury indictment of Alger Hiss, former high State Department official, on two counts of lying under oath satisfied .the 'House Un-American Activities Committee that it has nailed down evidence of a pre-war Soviet espionage ring. Say Still Exists Now the committee, intends to prove, members insist, that Red spying, still is going,on in the government. They claim that 'a man still working for the Army as a civilian stole secrets .of the famous Norden bomb sight and passed -them along to Russia in, 1938. But even as the committee switched its main efforts away from the Hiss-Chambers case, it turned loose 26 .more documents it said were among those Chambers claimed he got from Hiss. ' Top Secret Information These covered such then top- secret information as a possible trade treaty with Germany, Japanese troop movements, efforts of some top Nazis to persuade Hitler not to imove prematurely against Czecho- I Slovakia and Japanese efforts to raise money in the United States. Only two of the documents were reproduced from the microfilm Chambers fished out of a pumpkin on-his-Maryland farm two weeks ago. Trie - rest were among. papers Chambers turned'-over to attorneys preparing' for' the trial of Hiss' $75,000 libel suit against' him. The paper dealing with a possible German.. trade treaty—a memorandum which referred-several times to the approaching' 1838 and 1940 elections—was cited by Rep. Mundt (Continued an.-P;\f;-.' 5, Col. 4) Soviets Jailed For Producing Inferior Goods MOSCOW — {/P} — Soviet courts have handed out prison sentences of five and seven years to factory managers who produced goods of poor quality, the Soviet press announced today. The newspapers carried a special communique of the prosecuting attorney's office listing seven cases in recent weeks in which.factory officials were- hauled into court and given stiff penalties for failure to make'their production meet stand- Revolutionary Continuous Mining Machine Shown ards of quality. The communique listed three other cases still under/investigation. Low Quality Men's Suits In one Moscow case, the com- munique said, the Frunze district garment factory produced low quality men's suits. The director, V. I. Tarachkov, was sentened to five The cases cited, however, were from all parts of the country. Tlie tobacco factory at Saratov was accused of turning out cigarettes with "alien mixtures" added to the tobacco. The cigarettes were described as insufficiently filled and. as having torn mouthpieces. The factory produced 1,400,000 poor quality packages in six months, the communi- que said. The director, K. Ovchinski, his chief engineer and his personnel chief were haled into court. Tlie di(Continued on Page j, Co/. 3) It's Winter, Too Miners inspect a revolutionary continuous mining'machine at'a. preview deep in'a-coal mine near Finleyville, Pa. Rows of bits seen at rear of picture .rip out coal and tbrow it into conveyor seen In'center. Conveyor loads coal into shuttle cars,. (Story on Pace 5). Supreme Court Told To Ignore Japs' Appeals V Federal Brief .Says Tribunal Lacks Power To Review' Sentences By CHARLES B. SEIB -WASHINGTON — (INS) — The. Justice .Department told the Supreme; Court today that the tribunal has no. 'power 'to interfere with the stern. justice meted out to Japanese war lords by tin International Military . Court. - The department made the assertion with a brief filed with the court before the- opening of oral arguments on the appeals of seven convicted war criminals, two of whom- face death by hanging. The arguments are scheduled to open early this afternoon, .with British Carrier Said Sabotaged LONDON— (fl 3 )— The British Navy is investigating' damage to : an air-. craft carrier.'' "One "'London newspaper said the vessel had been-sabotaged .'arid four'- others 'said: sabotage was suspected.' • . • • . . An Admirality .announcement last night said a main engine of "She '14,000-ton light carrier Terrible- had been damaged -by steel bolts found in' the oil pit of the , engine's gearbox. ..Tlie announcement said "pending results of the investigation, no definite. information can .be given." -The carrier was' scheduled to 'be turned over to Australia today.. torneys for the to convince the court can review Japanese seeking justices that the Che internationa Ski-Equipped Planes Start u^i Rescue Plans HIP! tribunal's decisions. To Question Legality After presenting' their arguments on that point, the attorneys are expected to move on to their charge that the sentences were not legal. They will claim that Gen. Douglas . GUELPH Ont.— (IP)— Tlie feature!Pennsylvania, the southern New prize at last night's Soard of Trade i England states and upper and ladies night was a year's supply of'northern lower Michigan, ice, delivered. The winner was Mrs. 1 Cut Bank. Mont., reporting 10 bc- John collcns, wife of the proprietor j low zero, was tlic coldest spot on 'of a refrigeration equipment firm, i the early morning weather map. ST. JOHN'S, Nfld.—(£>)—Ameri- can air crews, equipped with -ski- planes and gliders, will make a perilous attempt today to rescue nine tr. S. fliers, huddled on a oleak Greenland snow bank. The U'. -S. Newfoundland- com. , ,, mand said rescue equipment was MacArthur, allied commander, in. ,r.e, bei Ka thered at Narsarssuak,- 100 Pacific, acted illegally in setting up 1 •- -- - • the iniemational body. Solicitor General -Philip Perlman, who signed the government's brief, (Continued on Page 5, Col. S) Varied Weather Promised Nation CHICAGO—(fl 3 )—There was just about every brand of weather across the country in the forecaster's log today. . Freezing rain or drizzle and snow pelted wide sections. A mass of cold air "moved over the Rocky Mountains into the Midwest and the mercury dipped to below zero- in some areas'. -Temperatures continued unseasonably mild'in the Gulf States and northward into the Ohio Valley.. Fog covered some Midwest and eastern states. The belts or freezing rain or drizzle covered sections of New York State; 'Maryland. West Virginia, miles from where the nine men are stranded: Two transports towing red-tailed Sliders took off last' night from Westover Field, Mass., on the first leg of the rescue mission. They were accompanied by Lt. • Col. Emil Beaudry, noted Arctic flier, who" will supervise the rescue. Forced Down Thursday Seven men were stranded when their C-47 was forced 'down last Thursday. Two more were added Monday when their B-17- fortress, trying "to rescue the seven, nose- dived into a snow bank. None of the nine was injured,'officials said. Airforce officials said they had no late reports on the condition of the stranded airmen,-but said- they had "been dropped supplies, ' including small heating units. (Continued on Page j, Col. y) O'Briens to Have Child HOLLYWOOD"—' (i?) — Edmbnd O'Brien and Olga. San. Juan. have been prevented by movie work from going on a honeymoon, since .their Sept. 26 wedding. Now, they have . postponed .the wedding trip indefinitely. The reason: They're going to. have a baby. Security Group Raps Military * * •* . * * * *•*•••* * *...* Cause For Grave Concern As To Ability To M.eet Next Conflict Powerful Farm Bureau Faces Program Split Delegates 1 Divided Over Future Support Aid From Government" By OVD) A. MAKT1N ATLANTIC CITY, N. J.—(#>)—Th powerful : American Farm;,;Bureau Federation-moved-into the final daj of. its' convention.'today-'facing possible sharp split on federal farm programs.. . ;. •• Its delegates .were.divided on. an issue of future, government price support aid for "farm products. • It leaders and resolutions committee sought to put over a policy statement that would prevent a division in the bureau's ranks. They relaized a split could weaken the organization,. long a strong force for legislation in the farmers' behalf. ' Want Wartime Supports Specifically,-one group of delegates—largely from the south— wanted the convention to advocate cm-rent wartime price supports for major crops when supplies are large and growers vote production and marketing controls; (Continued on Page j, Col. z Truman Honors Air Pioneers By RAYMOND J. CROWLET WASHINGTON— (!?} —Three men- in-a-hurry, one of -whom 'thinks modern travel As so slow as to be downright boresome, have a date 'at the White House tomoiTOW. •President Truman will give them a prize' for pioneering the greatest transportation speed-tip since the Wright brothers. They will get tlie Collier .Trophy, often called aviation's highest honor, for v their part.in the first faster-than-sound flight by an airplane carrying, a human being. • The three: John Stack, government researcher; who' laid scientific groundwork for tile flight. He worked among the wind tunnels and labs of the National Advisory Committe for Aeronautics (NACA) at Langley Field. Va. • 1 Lawrence D. Bell, Buffalo aircraft maker, who designed and built the 'superconic plane, the X-l. Capt. Charles-. E.. Yeager,' Air Force test pilot'from Hamliii, W. Va. who'made the first supersonic flight Oct. 14, 1947. Cites Of ficiaE On Two Counts Bail Set At $5,000, £^ :; , Trial Tentatively For ;-J January 24 By Judge 1 NEW YORK—«P)—Alger HisTt**-. day pleaded innocent to .a federal grand jury's charge he lied when. he. denied ' giving •'secret government- papers to. • ex-Communist '"Agent Wittaker Chambers. . ' .""."".'C; The indictment .was returned last • night as-a climax, to an 18-month jury probe .of alleged Communiit- espionage. . _ . ... '^','.'^1 Hiss, 44-year-old -former yhigb- ranking-policy adviser .in-the State Department, • made • his plea ;1n" a firm, clear voice. • •'. • Federal Judge John W. Clancy fixed January 24 as the tentative date for the -trial. after ordering that Hiss be fingerprinted and- phc- - tographed. The. judge set JS.CO ball.. , ' - ''':'.;*' Face* Two Counli "~'^."~' Hiss, .now'on a paid leave-of"i.b- sence from a $20,000-a-year post'.'as . head of. the Carnegie Endowment- for International Peace, was. chargr ed on two perjury counts. Maximum penalty on each is a $2,000 fine 'and five years imprisonment. - •••—»•• • The indictment • said Hiss"..'-'unlawfully, 'knowingly; and wilfully'-' swore false that CA) he did not slip confidential State Department.doc- uments to Chambers, and CB). that he did not talk to Chambers~-Jn February and March, 1938. ,'.,".,..^';.'. J To Plead Today '."77^" Chambers, is .a.-, confessed- pre-war courier of.- Red ..intelligence. _;..'.'„' Following.." his: indictment,--Hiss: issued .-.this -statement: through'.'iis attorney: . -.- : , ; . : ; : ,.:V:, .•>—f '"•-' •-' "My. testimony-,before :theT.grahd.;' jury was entirely truthful"- .; Chambers, formerly a Time^ zine, senior editor, first accused Hiss of supplying hira. with!, secret government-data for transmittal--to Russian agents in'"testimony-!'befbr« the House Un-American-.Activities Committee. Hiss has'made repeated denials. '..' . • ••-. •. The indictment came at tbe'.'.end of the gra.nd jury's 18-month-term. New Panel Formed A- new panel was 1 to be .'brined today, prepared to- take over : -any unfinished work from the released jurors.' ; ' • .; . . • - • Attorney r General Tom Clark said in New York that he. thought- Hiss would, be brought to .trial- in'-.'J&n- uary. •'.-'The grand jury, which had^ questioned both Hiss and Chambers repeatedly for more than a^'.Treek, . charged Hiss committed both-'-alleged acts'of perjury yesterday..... No Espionage Charce,...!. .„_, The indictment did' not "charge any violation of-espionage laws.^but stated.it was relevant to the probe to. determine if such laws were violated and.if Hiss Lad-knowledge of such -violations. .. "Zl : -'"~ tr. S. Attorney' John . F. G~Mc-~ Gohey declined ' to discuss~wlth~ newsmen- whether Hiss was-'pro- tected'by the Statue of Limitations against possible -charges of removing secret papers. ' • - Drinking Party- Preceded Death Of U. S. Soldier:' MARBURG, . Germany— ( A- shapely German glamour .girl testified today that a drinking party lasting several days preceedebUtha killing of an American sergeant ia Marburg, ; • .'." ""7 ', . Elfrieda Kruemmelbein appeared as a witness, in the trial of Mrs. Wilma Ybarbo 'of Maiden,-Mass, who faces a possible death sentence if she is- convicted of the slaying-of. her husband,- Sgt. John Ybarbo. ".'of Goliath-, Texas'. - - ••>—'• . Fraulein-Kruemmelbein produced open comments from the court-audience when she went to the witness stand in a brown ensemble,, sheer nylon stockings and thrce : inch brown platform-soled shoes. The young woman said she' heard. Mrs. Ybarbo tell her husband that. their six-year-old son was ."not/nil baby:" '• • • ••Wholesale Food Prices Drop To Lowest Point Since 1947 H By FRANK B. ALLEN WASHINGTON — (INS) The Hoover Commissoin' was told today by its National Security Committee that there is cause for "grave con- war—if this tragedy should occur- without knowing, exactly what we would be fighting for." "Inadequate recognition" of the contributions that can be made to corn" as : to the nation's present| national security by "our political, ability to meet a threat of 1 sudden'economic, human and spiritual ro- The committee declared: "This situation must be promptly remedied; if necessary, by the in- •tervcntion o: the secretary of'de- fense." (Defense Secretary Forrestal yes- tion of the national' security 'orgarii- ' zation: • j . 1. Clarify and' strengthen' 'tliej Vegetable shortening prices de- ISy Tlie Associated Press) authority of the secretary of defense over ,tlie military departments' arid their civilian secretaries. terday announced establishment ofj 2. Overhaul military'b'udget prac. A report of the "task force" com-: "Disturbing inadequacies" in the jerate under the joint chiefs -of starfj bottom. mittee on defense problems also intelligence system, particularly in and the-research and development! 3. Improve 'teamwork through tne .v-^oj *v, n( . i-ho ™>!,,-.o Vine v,onn wioYiMfir- o-nH moriic.ai intpiiiffer.p.p.. board). • national security organization. charged that the peace has been scientific and medical intelligence. 1 OUU OI liilclli Wll/ll ilHJIlUa Wlill/II a* i Uiiaigm. LJUCLI/ IMHJ j-ivt-"-^ ,**•*» M\f-*-* .JU.LI..I.IU.I-.I.W «"-w *.« v «•-——- —— ,-. D - ---, — most no one except the residents I lost "through lack of clear and con-j A lack, in the military establish- heard before—names which' sistent national policy objectives." I merit of, "a sense of cost-conscious- he imagination' and names The committee added: j ness or a general realization of the "But the bitter lesson does not| vital importance to our national stir the imagination,' and names which leave absolutely nothing to the imagination. Not! long ago, the engineer compiled and released a listing of the names for the benefit of. anyone interested. So, just in case some friend or relative of yours might have moved to Washington recently, and sent you a highly imp.-obable (Continued on Page 5, Col..i) yet seem to have been fully learned. Our foreign and • military policies are .not yet firmly tied together." . The task force, whose advisers included Gen! Eisenhower, and Admiral Nimitz, accused the nation's military leadership of a number of failures, including: "Planning how to fight the next security of utmost conservation of our resources." An unsatisfactory situation in regard to scientific research and development, with sound weapons •evaluation impossible "because of differences between the joint chieis clined ab'out two cents a pound in the nation's major grocery, stores this week—the first general rcduc- ... , tion of the year. a" weapons evaluation group to op-Uices and procedures from top. toj Back of that price cut are the bumper vegetable harvests and a fats and. oils production level which may well break peacetime records this year. Lard was down a few pennies also, reflecting lower, pork prices board). The report warned: national security organization. 4. Relate scientific research and The committee finds cause for j development closely • to strategic grave concern in the present status Of our plans ar.d programs for mobilization of the nation's human, material, and spiritual resources in case war should suddenly break upon us." The survey group expressed parti- against-^'new warfare." cula'r concern over the war resources j The report stockpile and stockpile policy. planning. . 5. Expedite plans for civilian and and the competition with vegetable industrial mobilization in case of i shortening. war. . | . Meat prices eased slightly, espe- 6.- Adequate provision—for andjcially in the mid-west, with beef and unconventional I leading the decline. One chain in I the Chicago-Indianapolis-Milwau- of staff and the research and de-l The commlttc outlined a basic velopment board." I six-point program for reorganiza- einphasized that "civilian control of the military establishment must be clearly established and firmly maintained," kee area, for example, reduced good to choice beef cuts as much as eight to 10 cents a pound. Another sold rib cut loins as low as 35 cents a pound and picnic'hami at 39 cents. " "";'\" A . '.Food circles reported hams'l-in. brisk demand in most sections-of the country. To some extent"ihis was attributed to substitute buying by housewives -reluctant to pay,.tilt current high. price"' of turkeys, usually iu high seasonal demand.'.at this time, . - - Christmas turkey .prices won'.t.'.bs posted until Monday or Tuesday, but market-spokesmen believe, they may run to 10 cents higher, than the Thanksgiving level. "'."' " • • This Is because of the .scanty supply of birds under 15 pounds^na because fanners have withdrawn sizable numbers. of small hens' Tor breeding purposes to take,advantage of the .lower cost of feed '.grains since Fall. By mid-Noveinber,'-m'any (Continued on Page 5, Col;-"i)^;

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