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FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., WEDNESDAY, DECEMBER 15, 19-18 Phone 4600 For a WANT AD Taker Evising j& Sunday Times 2vBr7«JjLl^iri8M^^(except Sunday) und Sunday Morning. PubllxbrdVb/^'^nip TJmej *ud AJJejr&nJjin Company. 7-8 South ItlKhnnlo Street, Cumberland, Md. Entered tt tho Poztol/lce at Cumberland. Md.. HI Second Class Matter. ^Member or ibe Audit Buretu of Circulation ^t Jjcmber ol thg A&soclated Presi, A ^B? TelcphOOB 4MO The Unseen Audience By H. T. WEBSTER Tris CofUll Weekly nubscriptlon rato Uj Carrion: Oo» week Sve. only. 30c; Evsnlnj Times per copy. 5c; Eve. i- aim. Tltnti. <0c ptr wccfc; Sunday Times only. lOc per copy. V.all subscription rates on implication, The HyenloJtt'Tlmei »°f Sunday Time* uuumo no linan- elfcl tfcifronllbiUtt for typographic^ errori In adverttie- mKUC't>Uti*lll reprint that part at nn nrjvtrtlieraent In •wMcb'-vcchsiitypocraphlca] error occur*. Erron munt be rift ones. WecSesday Afternoon, December 15, 1948 ' *5f' • OUR COUNTRY fif Tht union of hcarti, the union .of hands and the Flag of .our Union forever—Mom's. Many Questions Remain !' IT SEEMS ENTIRELY appropriate that the crucial evidence in the Whittaker Chambers investigation should have been kept in the same place that Mother Goose's pumpkin-eating Peter parked his wife: It wouldn't surprise us, in fact, to learn that Mr. Chambers also had a stable of white mice'.ready to.be hitched to the pumpkin and, by a touch of magic, turned into an eight-cylinder coach with Cinderella at the •wheel. It's that kind of a case. What puzzles us is not so much the facts, which are bizarre enough, but the mental processes of the principal figures in the case. WHY! DID MB. CHAMBERS conceal, the evidence so long? True, he tried to see President Roosevelt and finally talked to Adolph Berle, then an assistant secretary of state. But apparently he did not take his microfilm evidence along with .him. Maybe he fears Communist reprisal. . But wouldn't he have been safer under wartime secrecy-and voluntary censorship than he Is now? ..Wouldn't his full .disclosure have been more important during the war? Has he made a .full disclosure even now? And how about the feud between the Justice Department and the House Un-American Activities Committee? What's behind it? Who's covering -up what? First some Justice Department members said the Hiss- Chambers perjury inquiry lacked evidence. On the same day another member said the whole'thing was "too hot" to discuss: The House committee .really broke the. thing open, and then the department, went to . work .on it. WHAT. DOES THE committee think of Mr. Chambers, anyway? One member read a tribute to him' into the record, praising him for his co-operation. Shortly afterward Rep. Richard Nixon, another member, objected to "Mr.. Chambers' being indicted now because 'it would spoil the chance of ••••.Indicting others implicated, since the star ' "-witness, would be 1 a "convicted perjurer;" "Mr. Nixon may have misspoken or he may have been misquoted—although various re" porters;Who heard'him quoted him.directly :;'ss"£aylne^convicted." But the implication -~ v of doubt in Mr" Chambers'"veracity remains. Why, if it suspects that his testimony' is perjured, does • the committee want to go ahead with its investigation with such speed? . Why,' if they trust Mr. Chambers as much as' their recorded tribute would . .Indicate, do they fear a perjury indictment .—which isn't a- conviction. And why did "-the "Justice, Department try to suspend •. Congress' right of investigation if it thought ;: Mr:-Chambers was a perjurer? Also,.what's -with Alger Hiss, who,, we seem to recall, 'was the negative pole in this affair when .-the-sparks first started- jumping? FROM our OF IHE HOOF OF fff<5 GRSAT. Thomas L. Stokes "Keep Step With Times," Young Advise GOP WASHINGTON 1 —As the returns come in from Republican ranks, high and low, old and young, as to where their party should go from here and how it should set about it, there begins' to emerge a. broad pattern of method on which, at least, there can be fairly general agreement. • The party has its 'divisions and schisms. Tills was apparent in the last Congress, in its national convention, in the campaign,' but more dramatically so since the election. The defeat opened'' sores and loosed tongues that had kept polite- ' ly, discreetly and politically still during the battle. While the differences are less sharp than those in the Democratic party, they are nonetheless real and formidable. The first essential, then, would seem to be a spirit of compromise among the conflicting party elements. The second is a realization of the bare and basic fact that the party "can no longer afford to have Congressional policies of one variety and Presidential candidates of another," -as it is most aptly put in one of the most discerning blueprints for the party's future course, the joint statement Issued by the Young Republican Clubs of Harvard, Massachusetts Institute -of . Technology, Radcllffe and Welles-' . ley. .... . ' . ' . defend It and so had to skitter nervously all arcrund.lt. Meanwhile President Truman had a field day with their dilemma and discomfiture. He never let the voters forget about Congress. It was his major issue and, as it turned out, a winning one. This fundamental incompatibility, which has been embarrassing before to other Republican candidates, points directly to another essential of party reorganization, which is the need of a coordinated party policy. It now seems generally agreed among all elements except the "moss-backs" that the policy must be one in keeping with the times. Also one in which there Is a recognition of the part the Federal government has come to play in the. lives of the people. The party must take account.of "the facts of life," as the Young Republican men and women of the four New England colleges express it, in formulating a policy that will ".rekindle our party's traditional fires of humanitariani.sm." and on which Congressional leaders can support him, and that for this there must be closer cooperation and coordination between House and Senate party leaders. Another suggestion comes from Dan Whetstone, former Republican National Committeeman of Montana,, a newspaper publisher, which is that the National Committee be made the top policy group and be given authority commensurate with that role. Taking cognizance of criticism heaped recently upon the committee. Mr. Whetstone, who was Identified with the liberal minority on the committee, said the "damn- Ing defect" of the committee is "that it does not know its own mind; it isn't sore of its zones of authority . "In short, It doesn't know whether It's a sovereign body, a. debating society or a glorified lunch club." THIS • OUTSTANDING obstacle was clearly : revealed in the campaign-when the party's .candidates, Governors Dewey ' and Warren, found the load of the record of the 80th Congress too heavy a burden. That..record.was .contrary, in .so . many respects to their own views and the' party platforms for both- 1944 and. 1948 that they could not AS TO METHODS of attaining this there are various proposals, out of which, however, a sound approach can be developed. The Young Republicans, In their manifesto, recommend that a group of party leaders. be delegated, as spokesmen of the party and so recognized and authorized, • ... That a national meeting of party leaders be held here early in January to adopt a body of principles and plan strategy for the next four years. That the party decide .now Just what .sort. of. candidate they want in 1952, that is, .what he should stand" for," and -develop a program in Congress on which he could-run HE ADVOCATES that it choose its own chairman from within its ranks -without dictation from the Presidential' nominee and that the pai;ty put away "the 'titular leader' fiction,"'adding that "defeated candidates should have no more to say in party strategy than any other party member In the ranks." •The committee, he said, should hold meetings during campaigns to guide policy and at least once a year should hold a special session to which Republican Governors and state chairmen should be invited to express their views freely. These and other suggestions Indicate a lively Interest in reorganization and reorientation of- the party which. It Is hoped, will bear fruit, for a strong and intelligent opposition is absolutely essential in a healthy democracy. (United Feature Snydlcnlc. Inc.) Peter Eds on Industrial Harmony Editor Tells How Chile Dealt With Reds HARMONIOUS PERSONAL relationships are the.basis of-the accord between labor and management in a Chicago company -with .a. record of seven years of successful 1 co-operative production. This condition,dates from "a strike in 1941 when the 'pr£sl3.ent'of .the company, Herbert J: Buchs- n^then violently against unions, became ted. with'Samuel Laderman, -union •president..'' The..two men. discovered com- mprT-interests .which were the beginning , of-aTpleasant'personal relationship. This IrL-iutn led to an amicable and .constructive .working 'argument. The • company's expansion from one plant employing 200 • wqrkejs to four plants with-1600 employees . ;dates_"from the time when labor and ad- •nilnistraUon began to work together. Wage .ratS-are twice as high as before, but pro- .'.dudObn. is..higher, and the..quality of goods ,turned out has improved. A bonus system .provides workers with their share of the ^rpfits and enough remains for company investments • in new machinery and ma- tp'riais. • This seems to be an ideal situa- tionV'bne which' it would be possible to approximate in many cases. Nothing can ever be achieved by representatives'of labor , and,,management making bogeys of each ', other. The relinquishment of purely selfish aims and willingness to see the other person's -viewpoint are the lubricants which make industrial relations run smoothly and productively. • WASHINGTON—(NEA)—Alfredo. Silva, .editor of La Union, Valparaiso. . Chile, visiting the United' States 'after receiving the Maria- Moors .Cabot prize for distinguished journalism in. the promotion of Inter-American • relations, has a- story -to tell about how the Chilean, goveriimer-t has 'dealt .with, the Communists, It-is a story In which the American government played a part not lully realized. At the height of a .Communist strike in the coal mines in October, 1947, the Chilean government was about to go under. Without coal, no industry could operate. Complete chaos and a •take-over by the Communists had all but arrived. In this crisis an appeal was made to the United States government for coal. Several shiploads' bound for Europe were diverted and s'ent through-the Panama Onnal to-Chile. This coal did not arrive till after .. the strike was broken; But news 1 of Its coming helped break it. •• •'• . In' March of this year, all Com- mun;sts. were removed from govern-, ment jobs. ; i . In the month- following the gov- • eminent charged It had broken up a .Communist plot to kidnap .the president and stage a May Day coup. • • . In September the government took the final step of outlawing the Communist Party by a "Law for the Defense of Democracy." Under this law some 2000 Communist leaders in the labor unions have been rounded up and. with their families, moved into remote mountain villages. THE CHILEAN government reacted promptly to . the threat of Communist paralysis. Charges were made that the strikes 'were inspired by two "Yugoslav Communists from the Com'inform. They were promptly kicked out of the country.' Yugoslavia broke off diplomatic relations., Chile responded by breaking off' relations with Russia and Czeclioslov'akia. ' ' THESE SEVERELY repressive . measures. Involving an almost com- -plete suspension of civil liberties, came as a sharp reversal of Chile's long: record of pro-labor ar.d social welfare legislation. ' Since 1924, Chile has had a broad program of social security. It covered old age insurance and health insurance on a small scale. Benefit •payments are low by U. S. standards, because of a somewhat lower .standard of living. Workers are given one month's severance pay for every year they are employed, on discharge. There Is an automatic increase in wage provided for by law at the end of -every three-year period in which an employe is kept on the same Job. THE HEALTH Insurance includes a program of preventive medicine under which all workers are given Wrong Direction VENEZUELA'S deposed President Gallegos still says that American oil interests ' had a hand in the bloodless revolution that •ousted him. in spite of State Department denials. He also says that a friend saw nn American military .attache in a rebel barracks at the time of the coup. ' We don't know whether the officer was.there, or. what he was doing if he was. But we .think it'safe to assure Mr. Gallegos that Washington would'have no interest iri.see- inc the overthrow of the'one South.Ameri- can' government most like our own. We • would suggest that Mr. Gallegos at least cast .a suspicious eye southward, where President Peron is solidfying his dictatorial 1 1 rule of Argentina. Sources in Chile and Colombia have accused the Argentine government of stirring'up trouble in their countries and plotting to install Fascist govern-" ments all over South America. And Vene- ruela.'s revolutionary junta has all the ear- ms/ks of a Peron-model regime. History From The Times Files TEN'TEAKS AGO December 15, 1938 -Rev. William Marsh Tinker, 69. former pastor of First Baptist Church and principal • of Allegany High School, died at Bloomsburg, Pa. . Very Rev. Benedict Wjch. O. F. M. Cap., of SS. Peter and Paul Catholic - Church, .observed his golden jubilee in the priesthood. . . Deaths 1 Robert J. Hawkins, 42, National'; 'George 'Clarence Conley, 18, -Green Ridge; Miss Marie J. Daugh'erty, 52, 'Fayet'te "Street. THIRTY : YEARS AGO December 15, 3918 ' Wilbur Brown. 12, negro, was ac- cidently.killcd by a rifle in the hands of a youthful .companion on the C. and O. towpath. Home of John W. Stafford, 'this citVj was badly damaged by/ire. Two children were '. suffocated and a daughter escaped by leaping'from.a window.- ' . ' ' John McKenzie, 20, was killed by a fall of Clay in the mines near Mt. Savage. periodic physical examinations. In 1938 the government extended these social security benefits to white-collar workers. In their case the employer was required to contribute to the social security funds roughly 30 per cent of the wages paid, to help build up the reserves. Last''year the Chilean government added to Its program by passing n guaranteed wage law, giving every worker a full week's wage whether he worked or not. All these advanced laws and others such as a housing program for coal miners and nitrate mine workers failed to keep down communism. In .1D4G the Chilean povemment had three Communists In its cabinet and several elected members In the chamber of deputies nnd the senate. It was the first government in the Western Hemisphere to have avowed members of the Communist Party in high office. INSTEAD OF USING their power to further the welfare of *J-.e masses, however, the Communists used It to Stir up trouble. They gained control of the stronger and wealthier labor unions and used their treasuries to promote internal strife. Today the government has the r:gh: to control union finances. A political united front between the Communists. Socialists and Radicals began to fall apart in 1047. This was after the Communist- dominated unions pulled a general strike of 300,000 workers. At the height of Communist power, about 70 per cent of the Chilean workers were in Com- munist-corninatec! unions. Leftist President Gabriel Gonzales Videla broke up the so-called Democratic alliance by namiiig a nonpolitical cabinet and adopting an anti-Commie program. Cochran's Barbs It's wliat you do today that pays the dividends on yesterday's education. TWENTY YEARS AGO December 15, 1S28 John B. Wright, 13, this city, died 'of .injuries-suffered! when struck by a bus. Chamber of Commerce and fire insurance underwriters conferred here relative,to a! continuation of a 20 per cent rate advantage. Deaths Edward J. Llppold, 27, and John -J.- Dawson,. Jr., 24; Cumberland; William C. Welsh, 69, Frankfort, W. Va, . FORTY YEARS AGO : ' December. 15. 1908 Western Maryland Railway leased engines from the Pennsylvania Railroad to move coal trains to Hagerstown. Deaths Mrs. Elisabeth Bopp, this city. George Wolford, 75. Oldtown; Bernard Fahey, 63, Cumberland. Van Ambler Albright. Hyndman. Pa., was killed in the Maxwe'.l clay mine. B. and 0. planned to remodel its YMCA on Virginia Avenue. A New Yorker fell three stories to the first floor and wasn't hurt. If he had landed in the basement, 'twould have been another story. President's Hardest Task Finding Big Men For Big Jobs WASHINGTON,—President Truman has a sad but familiar complaint—It's doggone hard Lo get 'good help these days. He's scoured high nnd low for really trig-time operators to fill gaping holes in his Administration. Mr. Truman confessed ruefully to one recent visitor that his hardest job is locating good men lor the big positions. A few days ago • (and it hasn't leaked out yet), a Democratic member' of the Atomic Energy Commission submitted his resignation; The size or the job is so big it can't ba filled by a quick look at the. Democratic National Committee's -"jobs'' wanted" file. The newcomer mus> have a constitution like iron, imagination, administrative know-how, and political savvy. He will eventually replace Chairman Dave Lilienthal, whose health periodically breaks down from overwork. minute he leaves, out' foes Under Secretary Bob Lovett. the jleg;xnt banker from down Wall Street way. SOME OP the names tossed In the hat are: Wilson Wyatt, the cheerful, energetic ex-Mayor of Louisville and former housing; cvpcdltcr. He is 43, has a good mind, nnd was a ball of firu in the liberal Americans for Democratic Action. Ben Cohen, the scholarly. 54- year-old New Deal brain trus'ter. He has handled every kind of job in the Administration from White House economic adviser to world statesman. Robert M. Hutchins. the bumptious, 49-year-old chancellor of the University of Chicago! Ee is almcst a one-man Atomic Energy Commission. His school conducted some of the basic atomic experiments. His Institute for Nuclear Studies nt the University is a» attempt to get industry to Toot the bill for private nuclear development by topflight scientists. But Hutchins has riled Washington scientists by a. wad of press-agent statements written for him by a slick publicity crew. THE FABULOUS story or the $1,000 camel and the stingy auditor was spun over a slow beer by that drawling teller of tales, Tex Edwards. A bunch jf the boys v.-ere talking of the never-ending battles between reporters and business offices over expense accounts. A happy gleam came in rex's eyes, and "he told of one Joe Tirn- mons sent to China and Japan in the long ago to write some pieces o.i the "yellow . peri!." (Remember that?) In a playful mood, Joe typed at the end. of • one expense account. "One camel, for trip across the- deserts, 31,000." i Ee sent this to his newspaper's auditor—a character known far. and wide for his crabby stinginess. He was the kind of guy who would quibble over a street car transfer. In the next mail to China, the Sl.OOO camel was caustically stricken off. But Joe wasn't defeated. In his following account of funds rendered, he wrote, "Sold camel, $1,010." As Tex tells it, "Do you know what that ornery auditor did? He had the nerve to nick Joe for ten bucks. For the next twenty years Joe tried to get his money back." Tex added gloomily, "He never did. Let that be a lesson to you young fellers. You can't win.' 1 Henry McLemore'a The Lighter Side NEW YORK—I have long • respected the accuracy of the Associated Press, but I am Inclined to believe that it was,in error in reporting the speech made'by Major Genera.l-.W. H. Middlcswart at the Textile Square Club here the other r.ight. According to the AP story General Middleswart, who is Deputy Quartermaster General of the Army, said that the Army has a, new' sock that is'shrlnk-rcsistant, and'another kind.. of sock that wears so. lone it saves the Army a million dollars -a year:,. What I believe the General-said Is' that the Army has a non-shrinkable sock, and. a sock that will practically wear forever,.IP they are never sent to an Army laundry. I could believe a statement like.that. It is, not Impossible that textile- geniuses have invented spcfcs which will withstand mi- chine gun fire,' • atomic radiation, and point blank lire, by 8-inch guns. But no man who .has ever been in the Army, and has ever sent a.garment of any description to a laundry operated, by the Army, will fail to question that textile engineers have xenchei.. such heights as to produce a piece of cloth able to withstand what happens to it once it reaches an Army laundry. • ' MR TRUMAN ALSO has to scratch around for :i new American, delegate to the United Nations to replace 71-year-old Warren Austin, whose health is not too good. One plan being tossed around discreetly to catch reaction, is to appoint the tough and gruff c-:d Texan, 'Tom Connelly. This would, at least, solve some problems on The Hill. Conmily would be succeeded as chairman of the Senate Foreign Relations Committee by Elbert Thomas, the philosophic Utah Senator and former political science professor. Thomas is an acknowledged expert on the For East. Jim Murray, a great pal'of organized labor, would succeed Thomas as chairman of the Labor Committee. Mr. Truman knows with a' heavy heart he will have to get an entirely new team in the State Department. Secretary Marshall's doctors and his wife have been beggmg him to retire because of his health: The CALLING CARDS Tnust be exactly two inches by three-and-a-half inches—and no cheating. This is one of the rules handed down from on high to new members of the American Foreign Service In training at Washington. It's all n. pnrt of the rigmarole that goes, with diplomacy. Some of the nlcey-nlce ways to net in various parts of the world are fantastic. In San Salvador, so help ine, Jf you march in a funeral procession, you must wear striped pnnts. formal coat, and stovepipe hat, no matter how hot It is. And it really blisters down there. In blessed Iraq, though, shorts are good enough garb for most official goings-on. .In some European capitals, and it's important to know which ones, the diplomat must go calling with personal card in hand, In others, that is no-no. The wrd must bo trotted in first by a chauffeur. Just to make homework harder for the bright young man who thought he was going to save the world, Tuesday is the day for af f :r- noon visits _ in most capitals. But some nonconformist nations ins'st on Wednesday as the' calling day. That's why the protocol artists get confused ' by all this 'modern talk of the Communist world and the non-Communist world. .They've been dividing the globe into Tuesday's calling day and Wednesday's calling day. It's dang hard to catch on to these new tricks. (Globe syndicate) OCCASIONALLY stories of what happens Inside Army laundry walls do leak out.. When I was in.'training.at. Camp Wheeler during the past war.. It 1 was rumored around camp that a lieutenant general, on an inspection trip,'fell into one. of .the washing vats and that before he • could'be rescued" had been shrunk, to a 2nd lieutenant and had to • be relieved of the command of a corps and made.a platoon commander. . '.",'••* At Fort Knox, so the story goes, a 'Sherman tank blundered Into a, Jaundry and emerged on the other side as a jeep.' 1 Army laundry crews are taught to think and act quickly.in'-emergencies... For example, If a pair of socks miraculously refuses to shrink, alert checkers pounce on it with a giant needle and pierce It through the heel or toe with n. foot of "thread" roughly the size of the Queen Mary's anchor chain. When the owner manages to extract this "thread" his sock is the proud possessor of a. hole through which a rabbit could'Jump without folding either car. ARMY LAUNDRIES arc partial to shirts, too. I have sent sMrts to them and gotten nothing back but a tray of buttons' and a note that the next,of kin of, the sleeves, trout, tall,, and collar had, been notified. • As for trousers, many is the-pair, of khakis I have sent out only to get in return a. pair of. shorts that-would'have been far too 'tight for Tom Thumb. . I would appreciate it if Mr. Alan Gould of the AP would, check on General Mlddleswart's speech and let me know if the AP was right. If the General did say. what the AP said he said, then I'm taking to the hills. The end of the'world Is near.- • (Distributed bj- McNuigbt Syndic!!*, inc.) Hal Boyle 1 * AP Reporter's Notebook George Dixon The Washington Scene WASHINGTON—We have. In our fair city, a very exclusive luncheon club called the Anteaters Association, which forgathers at the National Zoo to gnaw on various wild animals. Despite the name we do not eat ants, except incidentally, the main course, or piece de. repulsive, being anything from cutlet of black bear to roast peccary. We were in session the other day, chomping on venison which may have been Bambi's grandfather, when our luncheon hostess, Mrs. Evie Robert, piped up: "Do you know which big shot this zoo comes under?" I said I supposed the zookeeper. Mrs. Robert said to guess again. Mrs. George R. Holmes, sister of Ex-presidential Secretary Steve Early, muttered that, judging by the internal twinges she was suffering, it would be the Secretary of the Interior. "No!" cried Mrs. Robert, triumphantly. "Tile Chief Justice!" • NEW YORK—Curtis'G, Culin, Jr. made only one invention lir-his-lifc—but it helped'win the Battle of Normandy. , It was this unheralded young sergeant who figurecl 'out a 'way for''American ; "tanks to 'crash, through, the French, hedgerows. This led to Gen. Fatten's-famous-dash across France. Recognizing that the "'suggestion box".principle pays off on the. battlefield as well as on the industrial'front, Gen.. D wight'Eisenhower . pays this tribute to "Bud". Culin to his memoirs: " (He)• restored the. effectiveness of the' tank life. I just loved you in that won- and gave a tremendous boost to morale through- • derful picture Seven-up!" out the army."" .'-,.. '. . " Tset out to get the sergeant's own-story, and found him less impressed with-bis own invention than was his commandef-ir!-chief.,Ex-Sergeant Culin, a slender, blond,'mild-looking.man of 33, now holds .an office post here with Schenley Distillers, Inc. ' ." -. . . . • 'He was given a glowing introduction by Bamee,' the. Old Maestro, who identified him • as the star of "Seventh Heaven. 1 .' This was unfortunate because It prompted a mushy dame to .rush up and burble: "I've wanted to meet you, all my MR. FARRELL. whose shy manner of movie lovemaklng once made me strive to be a modest, clean cut, American boy, but not for long, revealed that he signs many of his personal letters nowadays "Mops." Like a sucker I asked what "Mops" stood for, and Mr. Farrell orated: "Mayor of Palm Springs." We were joined by Senator Brien McMahon, of Connecticut, an ard- . ent.Democrat. Just at that point, 1 a gold-braided Cuban officer -approached and presented Mayor Farrell with a fistful of cigars from the President of Cuba. Dr. Carlos Prio, who had just enjoyed, a free dinner with President Truman at' Blair House. WE WAITED, expecting the snapper, because Mr,s. Robert goes in for this sort of piquancy, a practice which has prematurely aged her husband, Lawrence Wood (Chip) Robert, former treasurer of the Democratic National Committee. But she continued solemnly: "I mean it. The National , Zoo comes under the direction of Chief Justice Vinson!" "So that's how he got his sheepskin nnri woolsack?" mumbled the Little Woman. "You're sweet," snapped Mrs. Robert, sourly. "The Chief Justice Is the big wheel here because he is head of the • Smithsonian Institution." "That seems absurd," protested Mrs. Holmes, daintily pushing ,1 few. antlers aside. "The Smithsonian is for dead things, and out here everything is alive, present viands ex- ceoted." ; "Nevertheless." persisted Mrs. Robert, "it is true. The Zoo wns created by the Smithsonian on Auril 30, 1800. out of excess funds it had on hand. And the Chief Justice is chancellor of the Smithsonian's Board of Regents!"We spent a moment trying to digest this, along with the defunct • antelopes. Finally Mrs. Holmes summoned the waiter and said: "If you see the Chief Justice tell him that next time I'll have mallard duck." VERY GENEROUSLY, Mayor Farrell gave his fellow statesman,. Senator McMahon, one of the presidential cigars. Hizzoncr then asked the New Dealer: "By the way, you're from Connecticut. How do you like my very good friend Rep. John Davis Lodge?" There was a dead silence, understandable to.all present except Mr.. FaiTell, who seemed not to know that the blue-blooded Mr. Lodge 1s a hide-bound Republican. Mr. Fnrrell repeated the question, and still getting no answer, asked: "Air right then, how do you like the cigar?" "I." replied Senator McMahpn, taking a long judicial puff, "like your second question better!'' (Klr.R Features. Inc.) So They Say The most basic desire of life Is happiness. And happiness becomes a reality only when -ou succeed in making steady prdogress. But, to make steady progress, three elements arc necessary: The first is-ability. The second is hard work-. The third is to live in a country where you are free to reap-the rewards of your enterprise. —Lee R. Jackson, president, Firestone Tire and Rubber Co. The girls behind the wrapping counters are doing a swell job of it these days. It's a gift! "Why worry about how to dance some of the modern steps. Just hop to itl IN PURSUANCE of iny duty to' cover the great statesmen of the land, I spent last evening with the Mayor of Palm Springs. Calif. Hissor.er.the Mayor proved to be a very democratic and affable T)erson- aae. although the cares of office no doubt hancr heavily upon him. It was inspiring to see him unbend, although he bends very good, too. Although there were many Senators and other Washington notables nearby, the Mayor drew widespread recognition. It turned out h'owever. that his fame did not stem from his administration' of political office, efficient as it may be, but from the fact that he was once Charles Farrell, of the motion pictures. He is still Charles Farrell, of course, bat his big business r.ow Is running the famous Racquet Club in Palm Springs, not making camera love to Janet Gaynor. He was here petitioning the Civil Aeronautics Board to authorize better airline feeder service for his community. Fifty per cer.t of sick persons need prayer more than pills, aspiration more than aspirin, meditation more than medication. —E. Stanley Jones, missionary. '- "I COMMANDED alight tank'In the 102nd Cavalry Reconnaissance Squadron,", he said, "and my invention, if yoa.want'to'call it that, was something, anybody, in the front Jtoes would have come up-with' in- a few Says.. ,Our squad- . ron. Just happened to "be 'the first to try it out and develop it." • • : . • . ' • For six weeks after tbe.landing in Normandy the American, army made advances measured 5n terms'of yards rather thanirniles.. -Ttiejand- scape offered • almost as much resistance' to progress as did the'dug-in.enemy:: The chief obstacles were .the. famous Normandy hedgerows. They...were;massive banks of dirt, centuries .old,, and topped by thick growths of shrubbery and,small trees. "When our tanks hit. them, it was like cracking, into, a stone wall," said' Culin." "And If we tried to climb over them, the under belly of.the tank. was-.exposed. T^hc German antitank guns .then could rip us open like, sardine cans. 1 . Our own tank guns were pointed at the sky—useless. , We couldn't defend ourselves." THB PROBLEM was to find-a,way for tho tanks to force a path through the hedgerows, guns firing, instead, of clamboring over them. At first combat engineers were sent out on. foot to blast lioles in the hedgerows.. But they were picked.off by German.infantry. "One day my. commanding officer called a meeting of non-coms to get suggestions,"' said Culin. "I didn't know anything about me-. chanics or engineering, but I had'seen a lot of German -iron roadblocks. . •. . ' "I suggested putting, sharpened • chunks of iron from these .roadblocks on our tanks so we could dig through the hedgerows:" • They tried. I.t They welded. four .flanges to a crossbar, fixed it to a tank—and the 15-ton. vehicle pitch-forked its way. right through the nearest hedgerow. '' . • . • "Gen. Bradley 1 heard, about it and came, down to watch' a demonstration," said Culin. "He saw it worked; and swore us .to secrecy. Hg then secretly had-600.. of.' our. frontline tanks. ^ equipped. They were used to spearhead our " attack." . . The fanners of America are In a position economically and politically to take this country the middle way, away from fascism and communism. —Perry L. Green, president, Ohio Farm Bureau Federation. I don't see how a family can be a true family without family council meetings, and the important thing is not that each shall try to have his own way but that talking 'and working together they create a new way. —Dr. Regina H. Wescott. family consultant. w A vice president, is a man who doesn't know precisely, what his job is and by the time he finds out he is no longer with the organization. —Radio comedian Fred Allca. THE DEVICE CAUGHT the Germans completely by surprise, and the American Army made a successful: breakthrough of the Nazi lines at St. Lo on July'25,194t-the breakthrough that carried to the Siegfried line. • • . • "Later they called.me and three'others back to corps headquarters'.and gave w the Legion of Merit .for the'invention," said Culhi "All it meant to me was a-half-day off from the front.. "One-of those who got'a medal," he grinned, "was-an officer who'insisted. 1 when I made the suggestion that" It /would never. work." Culin lost his; left foot-and .had part of hit right thigh blown off a .few weeks-later in the Huertgen Forest when he stepped on a German mine and fell, on another one. . " ' . "But It didn't make me a pacifist," he said. ' "Hell, no. - I don't think we're doing half enough right now. I only hope we. don't'make the same.mistake we made.in 1939." (Assoctatcd PrtsiJ M '