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Good Morning One, thing »ure, a Republican Legislature couldn't be any worse. MORNING VOL LI, No. 69. "" House To Pass Large Income Tax Reduction Martin Says Taxes Will Be Reduced By Almost Four Billions Washington, March 21 (/P) —Speaker Martin (R-Mass) said tonight the House "definitely will pass" legislation next week slashing income taxes By almost $4,000,000,000 and called upon Republicans to rally behind it. Martin stepped into the leadership of the tax-cutting drive after Republicans rode roughshod over Democrats to press the measure through the House Ways and Means Committee on a 16 to 9 vote. Martin issued a statement saying: "The Republicans have clearly recognized for a long time the dangers of excessive taxation and the absolute necessity for tax cuts. We promised the nation lower taxes— and we shall keep faith with the American people. Notwithstanding Martin's statement, Rep. Engel (R-Mich), who has termed the legislation "a rich man's tax bill," said he will carry to the House floor his fight against The bill would give a 30 percent tax cut to persons with taxable income (gross income minus personal exemptions and deductions) of $1,000 or less,- and a 20 percent cut to persons with taxable income above ?1,395. For those in between, the cut would range from a flat $57 to ?53 a year. (Persons with a taxable income of §1,001 would get the $57 reduction, those with $1,395 would get $53.) Rep. Dingel (D-Mich), a committee, member, told reporters the :*mocrats "shelled the Republicans into submission and retreated to force a revision of the bill that would give a better break to the little man." But he said "the bill still smells bad to me-" Rep. Doughton (D-NC). who was chairman of the committee when the Democrats held control, moved to delay any tax cut, remarking that "with the dark clouds now hanging over the world, .we don't know what our commitments and' expenses will be." Opening Of Hospital Is Further Delayed Head Dietitian Arrives To Help Prepare Camp Ritchie Preparations continue to go for-, ward toward "opening, the state hospital at Camp Ritchie, but, it's still impossible to set a definite date on which operation of the hospital will begin, officials there reported yesterday. Mrs. Elizabeth-Hope Basom has arrived at the hospital, where she will assume the duties of head dietitian. Formerly associated with San Jose Hospital at San Jose r Cal., she is one of the first of the personnel to arrive there. While unwilling t 0 set a definite date for the opening, hospital spokesmen indicated that it will be a number of weeks in the future. The institution was originally scheduled to open early this .year, after plans for it were approved in 1946. ' However, continuing shortages of equipment and materials needed to turn the Ritchie installations into the new hospital have disrupted these original plans. Hopes had been held out for opening the hospital around this time, but it became necessary to change these again. While the institution is being prepared for occupancy by patients, Mrs. Basom will assist in readying the hospital and requisitioning the food. HERALD Continued Mild Second day of spring will be a little better than the opener. J'oint Conference Is Scheduled For Monday Evening The joint meeting of the Mayor and Council and Board of Street Commissioners for discussion of plans to expand Municipal Electric Light Plant .facilities, scheduled for early next week, will be- held on Monday night, it was announced by City Clerk Elden Kerney. Prior to the conference, the Street Board meeting originally scheduled for Tuesday night, will be held. The meeting is the result of a strong recommendation of the Street Board, made after conditions at the plant were outlined by R. R. Daniels, plant superintendent in a report to the board. OFFENSIVE LAUNCHED Athens, March 21 (tf>)_p res s dispatches from Larissa said tonight (hat the Greek Army's 15th Division, supported by artillery and an ah- group, launched a large scale offensive early Thursday on Mt. Grammes, near the Albanian border, against Greek guerrilla forces. BAN ON MARRIAGES Moscow, March 21 (#>)—The Soviet government has banned any future marriages between Russian citizens and foreigners, it was declared today. HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND, SATURDAY, MARCH 22, 1947. )—Meant Associated Pr«M Embargo Clamped On Steel Shipments To Soviet Zone U. S. and Britain Charge Russia With Failing To Live Up To Trade Agreement—Shipment Suspensions Indefinite • Berlin, March 21 (/p)—The Americans and British suspended indefinitely today iron and steel ship^ ments into the Soviet zone of Germany on the grounds the Russians had failed to live up to a $21,000,000 trade agreement, with the merged British-American zone. In a formal letter to the German Economics Executive Committee for administration at Minden/'the American and British authorities ordered an embargo on export of pig iron and steel and standard iron and steel products to the Soviet zone. The Soviet, zone had become progressively delinquent in its promised deliveries during January and February, although.the U. S. and British zones had shipped to the Russian zone 95 per cent of their agreed commitments of steel, a joint U. S.-British announcement said. Specifically the Russians did not make good on promised monthly deliveries of 10,700 tons of wheat and rye, 2,700 tons of oats, 50,000 tons of brown coal briquettes, 50,000 cubic meters of coal mine pit props, 500 tons of chemical pulp, 500 tons of newsprint, 27 tons of cording' for tires, 200 tons of technical paper and 30 tons of buna (synthetic) rubber, the announcement said. Interzonal trade agreement between the British and Soviet military governments was signed on Dec. 23, 1946, and provided for exchange of specific quantities of iron and steel products from the British zone for foodstuffs and other material from the Soviet zone. Senate Voids Portal Suits Prediction Is Made That President Truman Will Veto Measure Washington, March 21 (/p)—The Senate, over-riding Democratic protests, today approved legislation stamping "null and void" virtually all portal pay suits, present and future. The vote was 64 to 24. A prediction that President Truman will veto the bill was made to the Senate by Senator Lucas (D-I11). - The measure outlaws suits for nearly $6,000,000,000 filed in the wake of a Supreme Court decision that portal activities, such as walking to the work bench and changing into work clothes, are com- pensable unless trivial. The bill now goes back to the House which already has passed a similar measure.. The two versions probably will go to a conference committee for settlement 'of'"differences. Senate Republican leaders pushed the portal bill through-after defeating a Democratic substitute which would have exempted future' claims from the sweeping ban. This proposal was defeated, 54 to' : 35, on A roll call vote. Then the Republicans beat down an amendment. 50 to 39, which would have eliminated provisions voiding portal claims under the Walsh-Healy and Bacon-Davis acts, which establish labor standards for firms working on Government contracts. The amendment was offered by Senators Holland (D-Fla) and Tydings (D-Md). Nearly all pending portal suits have been filed under a third minimum wage.statute—the wage-hour act. ' ' Boy Lost $1,200 Ploying Machines Cumberland. Md.. March 21 (£>) —A burgeoning local campaign against slot machines, pinball games, punchboards and other gambling devices came to a head today when Mrs. Nettie Carithers complained her 19-year-old son lost $1,200 playing the devices. Her complaint led t 0 the arrest of Vims J. Rossworm on charges of -maintaining a gambling device and a gambling establishment. In trial magistrate's court he waived a jury trial, but State's Attorney Morgan C. Harris made the unusual move of requesting that a jury hear the case. Rossworm's bail wag set at $500, the maximum fine on the charges, and he posted Among the spectators was Mayor Thomas S. Post, who said he was "just interested in the case." Mrs. Carithers said her son lost $900 he had saved while in the Navy, plus ?300 accumulated since he returned and went to work at a rubber tire plant. LARCENIES REPORTED Jack Seville, first block of Belview avenue, reported to police that his billfold was taken from a counter in the Post Office yesterday when he was cashing a money order. Harold H. Hutson. first block Summit avenue, reported a camera and flashlight were stolen from his auto. Auto Workers Ask Another Pay Boost Louisville. Ky.. March 21 (/p)-— The ClO-United Auto Workers today made formal demand on General Motors for a second postwar wage increase. The request for a boost of 23V 2 cents an hour was delivered by proxy to GM officials in Detroit, soon after' rival factions of the union failed in a second effort' v to patch up their differences in a "harmony meeting" here. President Walter P. Reutller and secretary-treasurer George P. Addes headed rival groups at the latest "harmony meeting." vice- president R. J. Thomas, leader of the anti-reuther faction, was absent from the meeting. Salary Denied Edgar Warren High Labor Department Official Accused of Red Leanings Washington, March 21 (/P)—The House Appropriations committee voted today to take Edgar L. Warren, a high labor department official, • off the government payroll on the grounds that he had belonged to ''Communist-Inspired" organizations. Five of Warren's ex-associates from the war labor board promptly replied that "he is a loyal and devoted citizen." The vehicle for the proposed ouster is a ,51,685,556,780 bill to finance the labor department and the federal security agency for the year beginning July 1. In submitting it, the committee wrote in a provision to deny any funds to the office of the director of the conciliation service, which is Warren's job. The provision likewise affects-the offices of some 100 other executives and employes of the service. The conciliation service is the labor department's main tool in trying to settle labor-management disputes. ' The committee reported to the House: "Mr. Warren admitted that he has been a member of the American league for peace and Democracy, arid the Washington bookshop, and attended meeting. Both of these organizations are Communist-inspired fronts and have been so certified by the committee on UN-American activities. Mr. Warren contended that he does not now have any radical beliefs. He admitted that in 1944, or perhaps 1943, he made a speech to an inter-departmental group of government employes in which he held to the philosophy that government employes should be entitled now claims that he has changed to the right lo srike. Mr. Warren his mind on this subject. v 'The situation confronting our country is too grave to permit employment in such an important place of anyone whose background may ; be subject to question." City Man Is Held On Forgery Count Clarence Johnstin, whose family lives at a local hotel, was brought to the county jail from Lancaster, Pa., by sheriff's officers yesterday on warrants charging him with forgery and non-support.. Johnstin is charged with forging at least four checks cashed'by local merchants. Sheriff Baker said Johnstin admitted to forgery of one check, but denied the others. COUNT IS DELAYED The counting of the Chamber of Commerce primary ballots was postponed from yesterday until next Monday. Deadline for submitting ballots was last Thursday U. S. Requests A Provisional German Gov't Three-Point Plan of Procedure Outlined By Marshall By WES GALLAGHER Moscow, March 21 (/P)— Secretary of State Marshall asked the Council of Foreign Ministers today to authorize the Germans to establish immediately a provisional government as the first step toward creating a federalized Germany. Marshall's request was included in a proposed three-point plan of procedure for setting up a German government which he said should be started ."at once so there will be . properly constituted German authorities" to carry out the terms of the peace settlement being drafted here. British Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevin earlier had submitted a similar proposal but in much greater detail, and warned Russia that Britain would not stand for any "one party" system in Germany. Although not mentioning Communism by name, Bevin declared that the British "do not believe Germany should merely change from the N T azi party' to another party, nor Nazi ideology to some other ideology." The inference was clear, since the Russians in the eastern zone of Germany insisted on, and created, a one party system called the Social Unity party by a forced merger of the Communists and Socialists. Bevin's stand took special significance in view of French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault's disclosure that Prime Minister Stalin in a recent interview had criticized the French stanl for a federalized and decentralized Germany and urged a strong central administration. Bevin proposed that the ultimate (Continued on Page 8) Mistrial Declared In Income Evasion t Jury Trying Eugene Casey, Unable To Agree, Discharged Baltimore, March 21 (JP) —A Federal Court jury, after deliberating for 10 hours, was discharged tonight . by Judge W. Calvin Chesnut after it was unable "to agree in the trial of Eugene B. Casey on charges of evading income taxes and-, a mistrial was declared. Casey, an executive assistant to former President Roosevelt during the war, was charged with evading some $70,000 in income taxes during the years 1941, 1942 and 1943. The case went to the jury about noon .today alter Judge Chesnut had devoted about two hours to a review and analysis of the prolonged testimony. Casey's defense was based on a contention he did not wilfully evade the taxes, but had been so busy on wartime missions, for the late President Roosevelt that *he had insufficient time to devote to his personal business affairs. He pleaded innocent. In final summation, the Government contended that because of Casey's prominent position in the National Administration, he should have been especially careful of errors. > Judge Chesnut cautioned the jurors in his review not to be "influenced by emotions or prejudices." Citing the fact that the Gaithersburg, Md.. farmer and engineer "has been engaged for some years in political life" and had been "in the limelight." the Judge asked the jury to give "evenhanded justice for all alike, for the rich 'or the poor, for the powerful or the weak." He warned the jurors, not to be influenced either for or against the defendant because he had been "a high pfficial of government" or because he "is a rich man of an unusual amount of wealth." Police 'Invade' Eerie Brownstone Ramshackle Fifth Avenue Mansion Is Tomb Of 75-Year-Old Recluse New York. March 2! (/P)—The ramshackle Fifth Avenue mansion which has shielded . New York's fabulous Collyer brothers from the prying outside world for 40 years was revealed today as the tomb or 75-year-old Homer but no trace was found at once of the other brother, Langley, Blind, crippled Homer Collyer, once an Admiralty lawyer and holder of A.M. and LL.D. degrees from Columbia University, was found by police sitting on his haunches in a second-floOr bedroom of the eerie, debris-packed home. A physician said he might have been dead a week. He wore a crumbling gray bathrobe. Police broke into the cobwebbed home after receiving a. mysterious tip. this morning that "there is a dead man in 2078 Fifth Avenue." They speculated that .the call might- have come from Langley, the only one of the brothers to have been seen in the outside world for many years and himself the recipient of Columbia University degrees in chemistry and me- chancial engineering. The first search through the brownstone mansion, crammed from floor to ceiling with the litter of decades, left police exhausted and gasping but yielded no trace of the missing brother. The searchers, occasionally coming outside for fresh air, agreed it was possible Langley was in the house since they had not been able to remove the piles of refuse from all of the beds. The recluses long had been reported to be extremely wealthy, through property holdings which were purported to have included SINGLE COPY, 5 CENTS. Acheson Checks On Greek Issue Just before taking the stand in Washington as first witness in open hearings of the House Foreign Affairs Committee on aid to Greece and Turkey, Undersecretary of State Dean Achesoii (left) studies a world globe with Rep. Charles Eaton, N. J., committee head. (International) Greek Aid Program Defended In Senate Proposed Action Held In Conformity To UN Principles Washington; March 21 (/P)— A declaration that-the prpposed United States action in Greece and Turkey conforms with "the principles and purposes" of the United' Nations was introduced in .the Senate today by Senators Vandenberg (R-Mich) and Connally (D-Tex). The two leaders of the Senate Foreign Relations committee offered the declaration in-the form of a preamble to the bill authorizing aid to Greece and Turkey to bolster them against Communism. The Senators' aim is to meet criticism here and abroad that 'President Truman's proposal would snub the U.N. The preamble uotes that the U.N. Security Council already "has recognized the. seriousness of the unsettled conditions" on the Greek frontiers. It recalls that the U.N. food and agriculture mission "recognized the necessity that Greece receive financial and economic assistance and recommended that Greece request such assistance" from the U.N. and from the United States and Britain. It then declares - that the U.N. "is not now in a position to furnish to Greece and Turkey the financial and economic assistance which is immediately required" and concludes: V'The furnishing of such assistance to Greece and Turkey by the United States will contribute to the freedom and independence of all members of the United Nations in conformity with the principles and purposes of the charter/' The bill to which the preamble would be affixed is now in the House Foreign Affairs committee. If the preamble is not adopted in the House, Vandenberg and Connally are confident they have enough influence to win its acceptance in the Senate. 1947 Auto Tags Will Go On Sale In State Tuesday Baltimore. March 21 (./p)—Motor Vehicles Commissioner W. Lee Elgin announced today that 1S47 Maryland automobile licenses would be placed on sale next Tuesday to owners who have received tag applications hy mail. He said that "all tag applications are being revised as rapidly as possible and will be mailed at intervals during the next three weeks." Passenger car applications will be considered before those for trucks, he added. Elgin z-ecaUed that new passenger car fees will cost $15 for cars weighing up to 3.700 pounds and ?23 for those exceeding that weight. The commissioner urged the public not to write or phone the department for new applications, saying "due notice will be given when all applications have . been completely revised and mailed." • Railroad Worker Fatally Injured James King. 330 East Queen street. Chambersfourg. was fatally injured 'yesterday afternoon when a 500-pound pump he was helping to lift off an engine in the local Western Maryland yards slipped from the grip 'of several men and crushed his chest. King, a foreman in the Western shops, died' at the Washington County Hospital yesterday evening at 5:15. approximately two hours after the accident. REPORTS PROWLERS Russell Long. Jr., 800 block Ham ikon boulevard, reported prowlers near his home last night and asked police to make a check. Spring's First Day Is Damp And Chilly Mother Nature Messes Up Poetic Qualities of New Season Old mother nature really messed up the debut of spring yesterday. It was gloomy, damp, and chilly, an indefinite sort of day that wasn't even interestingly hot, cold, or wet. D. Paul Oswald, government weather observer at Chewsville, found that the occasional drizzle amounted to only .01 of an inch by 7 p. m., when he took his measurements. A few minutes later, the showers became heavier. The temperature didn't manage to exceed 45 degrees yesterday, which was certainly not fulfilling the traditional • spirit of the : spring season. What's more, the temo'era- ture gave indications of dropping toward the snow point—it was down to 39 by 6 p. m.. ,and to 35 at 9:30 p. m. Yesterday's minimum was 26. Things may improve today, if the weather bureau drew'the right conclusions from its instruments and charts. No really warm spell is in the immediate offing, but the forecast calls for clearing weather. Boy Is Victim Of Sex Slaying Billerica, Mass., March 21 (fP)— The bruised body of 12-year-old Edward J. Flynn was found today near a pine grove off a "Lovers Lane"—victim, police said, of a sex slaying. The blue-eyed schoolboy disappeared early Wednesday night on his way to a rehearsal of a church band in nearby. Medford. Police speculated he might have accepted an automobile ride from a stranger to save carefare as he had only 20 cents when he left home. Bearing severe bruises on face and torso, the nude body was found today by ^a hunter near an old wooden bridge. The boy's clarinet case lay nearby. His clothes were scattered—some hanging from a tree limb. State Police Lieut. Joseph Crescio said the boy was a victim of a brutal sex attack. Motion To Reargue Is Denied By Court A motion for reargument of an appeal involving two Washington county estates was denied by the Maryland Court of Appeals on Thursday. " The actions related to are those of Elva B. Snyder, administratrix of the estate of Malinda Summers, and tilva B. Snyder, administra- trix of the- estate of Mary A. Hughes against Augusta M. Cearfoss. surviving executor of the estate of Jesse 0. Snyder. Last month the Court of Appeals ordered the _ suits retried in an opinion reversing the Frederick County Circuit Court. Police Are Asked To Seek Local Man City, county and state police last, night were asked to try to find Marvin W. Brown. 2S, 100 block of Elizabeth street, operator of a local restaurant, who has been missing from home since Wednesday morning. According to reports made by his wife, Brown left home with a strange man in a new car. Sales Tax Bill May Get Action In House Motion To Recommit Senate Revenue Measue To Ways and Means Committee Rejected Several Revenue Measures Debated _ Annapolis, Md., March 21 (#)—The House rejected tonight by a 64-46 vote a motion to recommit a Senate revenue measure to the Ways and Means Committee so that "it would have something to work on" in case a proposed State sales tax measure is defeated. In a iense session which continued past midnight, the House debated several measures dealing with revenue, but tailed to bring out a favorable report of its Ways and Means Committee on a 2 per cent -sales tax. House leaders said the report probably would be brought to the floor tomorrow, where administration supporters hope to have it approved and shot back to the Senate. The Senate yesterday approved the substitute-measure • m place of the sales tax, and sent it to the House where opposition rapidly developed at a hearing this morning Delegate Clark (R-Montgomery), made the unsuccessful "move to' return the Senate bill to committee. He said he did not like the bill, but felt there should be something there for the committee to consider in case the sales tax. was defeated. . - . • The House was embroiled for several hours on matters- dealing with revenue. At the outset it rejected by a voice vote a motion by Delegate Buffington (D-Balto ,3rd) that the House return, both the Governor's budget and supplementary budget bills to committee and adjourn sine die. Buffington said there had been no attempts to reduce the budget, and added: "If we continue the way we are going, the whole House and the Governor himself will be swept out by the Republicans in the next election." He predicted that a special session of the Legislature- would be necessary. He said confusion in the tax program would make the s'essioa imperative, and immediately. . Due to the lengthy session, chairman Pumphrey (D-Prince George's) of the ways and means committee withheld the sales tax report which was adopted earlier by the committee. . The unofficial vote on accepting the sales tax, termed; by'Lane as vital if the state's,fiscal program is carried out, was. 10 to 6. Pumphrey did not announce the vote himself. The decision came after a closed session of the ways and means committee lasting two and a half Two Hurt In Truck Explosion Yesterday Transmission Blast Breaks Legt of Youth On Dual Highway Two Hagerstown persons were injured, one seriously, when the transmission in the five-ton truck in which they were riding exploded along the Dual Highway yesterday, hurling sections of metal through the roof of the cab and smashing the windshield. Eugene Shindle, 16, West Wilson boulevard, suffered fractures of both legs, a badly crushed foot and cuts about the body. Robert Semler, 35, West Wilson boulevard, had his right foot fractured. John L. Stone, near Greencastle, who was also in the truck, suffered a sprained ankle. State Police who questioned the victims, reported the truck, driven by Semler. was proceeding along the highway near Myersville, carrying cinder blocks from Hagerstow'n to a Washington housing project when the blast occured. The transmission blew up under the Shindie boy who was most seriously hurt. The victims were quoted by police as, saying the gears had slipped in the past, but it was thought the defect had been corrected. The truck went about half of a mile before it could be brought to a halt by the injured driver. All were taken to Frederick City Hospital for treatment Stone was later discharged. x YOUTH FOUND DEAD Clark Faust, Jr., IS, Franklin and Marshall junior from Greencastle, was found dead in bed at the college dormitory yesterday. The county coroner ordered an autopsy to determine cause of death. FAVORABLE REPORT Baltimore, March 21 (/p)—Delegate Melnicove (D-Balto) announced today his House Judiciary Committee had voted a favorable report, 9 to 6, on a bill which would legalize dog racing in Maryland with pari-mutuel betting. CAR STOLEN John C- Honoshowsky, 100 block of East Baltimore street, reported to police last night the theft of a car parked in front of his home. Auto Overturns On Western Pike; Father, Son Hurt A 19-month-old baby suffered a fractured skull, "his father sustained broken ribs and facial cuts ar.d his mother escaped uninjured when an automobile in which they were riding on Route 40 near Fairview skidded, went down an embankment and overturned Friday afternoon. The car was driven by Staff Sgt. Ernest John Baretincic, 34. who with his SOLI. Ernest John, Jr., are patients at the Washington County Hospital. His wife, Mary, was no* hurt, Baretincic is stationed at Andrews Field, D. C. Deputy Leister Isanogle investigated the accident. Ten Days Remain Before Deadline Only ten days remain for Washington county property owners to take advantage oE the discount on county taxes, County Treasurer Hugh Troxell reminded last night On March 31st the three percent discount deadline will be reached. Payments after that date will be subject to no discount Troxell said So percent of the county taxes have been collected to date. hours. First action was voting against the Senate tax bill drafted three That bill calls for low.ering. of income tax exemptions/ increased taxes of beer and liquor, 'cigarette, tobacco and soft drink levies.' ^ Senate bill passed last night after it appeared that the sales tax could not be put through that Chamber. The sales tar, estimated to yield $18,400,000 a -year had beea introduced in both Houses. The Senate returned its bill to committee after approving the alternate tax program. There was no immediate prediction as to how the House, as a whole would receive the sales .tax, but warm argument seemed ahead. Program Lambasted The House committee meeting followed a morning session at which various business interests lambasted 'the Senate program. The Senate bill was sponsored (Continued on Page 8) PSCInlervention In Bus Tieup Asked Action Sought In Effort To Settle 15-Day Old Strike Cumberland, Md., March 21 (fi>) Mayor Thomas S. Post today asked Maryland's Public Service Commission to intervene- in a Potomac Edison Company strike which has tied up the city's only local bus line for 15 days. • In a telegram, the Mayor asked the Commission to order the company to appear before it and show cause why it is unable to provide bus sendee. An unsatisfactory representation, the Mayor suggested, should bring penalties and forfeitures, including withdrawal of its PSC permit to operate in Cumberland. Mayor Post pointed out that he and the City Council several times have asked the company and the Amalgamated Street, Electric and Motor Coach Employes Association (AFL) to arbitrate their wage differences, but the company has refused. He said he was not taking sides in the dispute and made his appeal to the Commission "solely in the interest of public welfare and convenience in Cumberland." He and the Council have asked the parties to meet with them, he reported, but the company has not yet responded to the invitation. About 90 drivers and mechanics have been on strike since March 5 seeking a 23-cent hourly increase orer their present 07-cent rate. The company has offered ten. The walkout has cut off service In the city and to suburbs in Maryland, Pennsylvania and West Virginia., an area with a population of snout 60,000. '