Page 20 REDLANDS, CALIFORNIA JUNE 26, 1963 In Redlands, too, Negro housing is segregated "Negi-o blasts 'ghetto condition' in Redlands." That headline appeared on Page 5 of the Facts yesterday. We suspect that manv a Redlander was jolted by it. Yet, the speaker who was responsible for the substance of it, did Redlands a ser\-icc. He is John H. Coleman, a 33-year-old Negro social worker and he laid it on llie line in a talk before the Redlands Democratic club. The word "ghetto," which he used, is most commonly thought of as "The quai'ter of a town or city to which Jews were restricted for residence, especially in Italy." The second definition, how- over, (Webster's New International Dictionarj') is: "A cjuai-ter of a city where members of a racial group are segregated." He used the word advisedly. The most objective of all available information, the United States Cons"us, bears him out. As reported in an ai'ticle in the Facts news columns today, the government information shows that Negroes do not live south of the railroad li'acks in this town, but all to the north of them. It is astonishing to find how few exceptions there are in the other thi-ee census tracts heic. Those individuals are undoubtedly University students and maids who live in the homes where they are employed. Precisely why this condition exists is subject to argument — but the basic statement that Negj-oes are segregated in one portion of the town is a Census Bureau finding. This has not been brought to public attention in any forceful way prior to Mr. Coleman's speech. It is particularly significant at this time. The Legislature has just adopted a fair housing bill to bar i-acial discrimination in California to the extent that the law can reach. About two thirds of the dwellings are estimated to come within the pi-o- visions. In Washington President Kennedy is pushing his Civil Rights bill in Congress. In city after city, from Birmingham to Los Angeles, Negi-oes are marching for equal rights. Any smug notion that Redlands is an island in the United States where the current high waves of discontent will not wash had better be dispelled soon. This city, too, is a part of the U.S.A. Realistic highway legislation Two actions by Ihe Legislature were taken in recognition of the way freeways are actually used. One measure will not in itself raise the 65 mph speed limit, but uill give highway officials authority to post certain stretches of freeways for 70 mph. These strips of road will have to meet safety aiteria. Actually, it is very hard to treat all freeways as if they were alike, because they are not. There is a vast difference between the crowded Hollyvvood Freeway, with vehicles four abreast, and the Barstow freeway as it crosses open desert between \"ictorville and Barstow. A "wide open" road will by its nature in\ite many drivers to step it up to TO and they can do so with safety. The second measure recognizes that when people are diiving for considerable distances they need to stop from time to time if for no better reason than to sti'etch their legs and break the monotony of the road. You will see the north side of tlie San Bernardino freeway being infoimally used in that manner in Fontana where there is space to park between the shoulder of the road and the eucalyptus wind break. While the state has already built some roadside rests and has engineei^ othei's into pending con- strttction plans, the Legislature has now fonnalized a statewide system of rests. This necessary adjunct to the ft-eeway system was slow to come and is the more welcome for being overdue. Scenic pollution remains While tlie Legislature gave its blessing to scenic highways, it did not adopt new regulations to clean up scenic pollution along the utility routes. Rather, tlie billboai-d lobby — as usual — fought to a standstill the beautification forces who wanted to limit highway signs to those which directly inform the motorist of services available to him along his route. Death came in the Senate Committee on Transportation, the familiar graveyard, at a late hour in the 1963 session. There is consolation, however, in previous statutes that limit billboards where freeways ai-e landscaped, as the Redlands freeway soon will be. With a Grain Of Salt By Frank and Bill Moore "The Inland Empire and Its Destiny." That appears lo be the most Jntercsting topic before community leaders of the San Bernardino- Riverside metropolitan area. At least it was sufficiently interesting to attract a record crowd ot 700 to a luncheon yesterday at the Orange Show. Speaker was James C. Downs, Jr., whose accomplishments in bu-siness and civil life are so long that it would take the rest of this column to list them. Downs hails from Chicago, but operates a con- .sulting firm with offices in six major U.S. cities. The large audience heard an hour's discu.ssion of economic analysis, forecast and suggestions for community action to cope with the challenge of metropolitan area development. Downs says that although the nation has gone through a long number of years of extraordinary prosperity there is no sign of any letup. Jlore people have jobs than ever before. Personal income is at the highest level in history. Prices in the last three years have l)cen relatively stable and this means that consumers have a higher real personal income becau.se incomes have been rising steadily. The American today is the most traveled individual in history. Downs said. "Recently I walked into the lobby of the building in which I have my office in Chicago. The elevator man was tan and rela.xed. He told me he had been on a month's vacation in Florida. You don't have to be rich to be traveled in tlie present day." Downs said that in spite of the fantastic prosperity Americans don't feel the happiest they have ever felt. "The glamor of excitement of inflation is over, at least in the degree that the U.S. e.xperi- enced from 1939 to 1958. We are not particularly impressed today by prosperity. It is an amazing reaction." In analyzing the reasons for this. Downs pointed out that a large segment of the population has "builtin prosperity" through job security and continuing advances in pay. When Franklin Koosevelt became president in 1933, he pointed out that one-third of the people were in manufacturing, one-third in farming and one-third in services. "Today more than one-half of the people neither make anything nor grow anything," Downs observed. "Only 24 per cent of those employed have jobs in factories, 7 per cent on farms. One of the biggest single categories is the 16.7 per cent who have jobs in government and this does not include the military." One of the fastest rising wage structures today is that of college professors. "We are not training Ph. D's as fast as the demand e.\pands for educational facilities. There is a shortage of academician technicians." Although there have been five recessions since ihe end of World War II. Downs does not look for a recession soon. The scarce resources today arc in human form. "It is easier to get a professor for the University of California than for the University of Chicago because of the climate and living advantages in the Golden State." Downs said the location of the new San Bernardino-Riverside State college was more important to the area than the location of an industry of similar payroll. The speaker stnick a responsive cord in the minds of the Rcdlanders present when he said that a community's greatest asset in California today is "people pleasing amenities." Redlands has tried to plan a community on what Downs terms "the good life." Good schools, good city planning, recreation facilities, law and order, adequate but not excessive taxes. A virile civic life, a rich cultural and spiritual life. "The good life" has been for 'Things Were Bad Enough, Then Prince Charles Took That Nip!" Washington Window Negroes need five star generalissimo Teletips TELEVISION TOP SHOW: - 7:00, Chan. •>. President Kennedy visits the Berlin WaU and talks with West Berliners. 9:00 — Chan. 4. Jlyslery Theater. "The Image Jlerchants". Writer is assigned by his publisher to discover why respected congressman paid unexpected visit to his hometown. 10:00 — Chan. 2. Reckoning. Reruns of "Studio One" and "Climax" series. Tonight's play, "Ticket to Tahiti", with Franchot Tone, Kim Hunter and James MacArthur. 10:00 — Chan. 4. The Eleventh Hour. "Beauty Playmg a Mandolin Underneath a Willow Tree". Vera Miles and Robert Keith star in this repeat show. Redlands Yesterdays FIVE YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 93, lowest 59. School Trustees adopt combined school budgets of $4,320,937 for next year, an increase of approximately six per cent. The budget includes a five per cent teacher salary Increase. Gov. Goodwin J. Knight expected to announce appointment of Joseph T. Ciano as judge of Superior Court today or tomorrow. New patient wing and the new radiological center built at cost of some $300,000 to be dedicated at Redlands Community hospital on Sunday. TEN YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 90, lowest 53. School Trustees extend Christmas vacation but cut spring vacation to a four-day weekend in adopting calendar for ne.\t year. Banks open Saturday for the last time as result of new state law but hours to be extended on Friday to help make up for the closure. Boundaries of a proposed area for incorporation to be set by new civic committee in Yucaipa. FIFTEEN YEARS AGO Temperatures—Highest 81, lowest 56. Air Force predicts it will have 10,000 persons on the payroll at San Bernardino Air Force base by July. Dr. George J. HoUenberg of UR faculty to spend four months studying effects of atomic bomb on animal life in the Bikini area. JIanpower of Redlands police department to be upped to 13 as city budget provides funds for two new officers and a clerk. years Redlands' primary magnet. The job ahead: to make the good life better. The Newsreel Pastel colored golf clubs are new for milady, and must be cai-cfully selected. It would never do for a girl's mashie to clash with her niblick. Food sen-ed by coin-in-the-slot devices is fine, but you can't get that e.xtra slice of beef on the sandwich by winking at a vending machine. Ever>' state in the federal sisterhood gets out such attractive vacation brochures that it's amazing that ewrybody just doesn't stay home. A bond salesman inquires if we have any money that's not working for us. Not. since we found 37 cents loafing under the sofa cushion. To say of a man that he is as smart as a Supreme Court judge is a compliment whose value varies considerably in different pai'ts of the country. He e.xpects no particular acclaim, but the man at the ne.\t desk says he orbited a block 27 times the other day before he found a pai-king spacel Threatening lettere from the circulation department sort of give the impression that dropping a magazine subscription is more dangerous than quitting the Capone mob. mm mm. WEDNESDAY NIGHT 4:55— 7—American Newsstand 5:00— 2—Movie 5—Popeye's Pier 5 Club 7—Love That Bob! 3—Engineer Bill 11—Superman 13—Thaxton Hop 5:30— 5—Walker Edmiston 7—Bat Masterson 11—Casper, Magoo 5:40—4—Believe It or Not 5:43— 4—Curt Massey 5:5(>-13-News 6:00— 4, 7—News 5-Whirlybirds 9—Science Fiction Theater 11—Mickey Alouse Club 13—Ann Sothern 6:15— 4—Commentary (C) 6:30— 2, 4—News 5—Peter Gunn 9—Our Miss Brooks 13—Cartoons (C) 6:45- 4. U-News 7:00— 4—Death Valley Days 5-News 7—Danger Man »—People Are Funny 11—Heckle and Jeckle 13—Bronco 7:30— 7—President's Trip 4—Virginian 5—Thin Man 7—Wagon Train 9—Adventures in Paradise U-Phil Silvers 8:00— 5-Beat the Odds 11—Wanted Dead or Alive 13—Flying Doctor 8:30- 2-Dobie Gillis 5—Wrestling 7—Going My Way 9—Movie II—Overland Trail l.v-Story of a Student 9:00- 2-Beverly Hillbillies 4—Mystery Theater (C) 13—Passport to Travel 9:30- 2-Dick Van Dyke 7—Our Man Higgins 11—Best of Groucho 13—Harbor Command 10:00— 2—Reckoning 4—Eleventh Hour 7-Naked City 11, 13-News 10:20— 9—News 10:30— 5—Mr. Lucky 9—Movie 11—Paul Coates 13—Country Music 11:00— 2, 4, 5, 7—News 11—Tom Duggan 13—Movie 11:15— 4—President's Trip 5—Steve .Allen 11:30- 2-Movie 4—Johnny Carson (C) 7—President's Trip THURSDAY DAYTIME 9:00— 2—Calendar 4—Say When 5—Romper Room 7—1 Married Joan 11—Kit Carson 13—Yoga for Health 9:25— 4—News 9:30— 2—1 Love Lucy 4—Play Your Hunch 7—Jlovie 11—Jack LaLanne 13-Felix the Cat 9:50-13—News 10:00— 2—McCoys 4—Price is Right 5—Movie 9—Movie 11—Ben Hunter 13—Robin Hood 10:30- 2—Pete and Gladys 4—Concentration 13-West Point 11:00- 2—Love of Life 4—First Impression 7—December Bride 13-Waterfront 11:23— 2—News 11:30— 2—Search for Tomorrow 4—Truth or Consequences 7—Seven Keys 9—Spectrum ll-Sheriff John 13—Play Bingo I1:5S_ 4-News 12:00— 2—Burns and Allen 4—Ben Jerrod — Serial 5-Medic 7—Tennessee Ernie 9—Books and Ideas 13—Assignment Underwater 12:25— 4—News 12:30— 2—As World Turns 4—Doctors 5—Trouble With Father 7—Father Knows Best 9—Mister District Attorney 11—Maryann Maurer 13—Racket Squad 1:00— 2—Password 4—Loretta Young 7—General Hospital 9—Cartoonsville 11—Movie 13—Felix the Cat 1:15—j—Dateline Europe 1:30-2—Art Linkletter 4—You Don't Say 5—Douglas Fairbanks 7-Girl Talk 13—Movie 1:45— 9—Now Listen, Lady 2:00- 2-To Tell the Truth 4—Match Game 5—Movie 7—Day In Court 9— Movie 2:23— 2, 4, 7—NeiVS 2:30- 2-Millionaire 4—Room For Daddy 7—Jane Wyman 3:00— a-Secret Storm 4—Bachelor Father 7—Queen For a Day 13-FeILx the Cat 3:30— 2—Edge ot Night 4—Movie 7-Who Do You Trust 9—Los Angeles at Play 3:45— 5—Tricks and Treats 9—News 11—Passing Parade 4:00— 2—Mr. Adams and Eve 5—Bozo's Circus T^American Bandstand 9—Uncle Johnny 11—Chucko the Clown 4:30— 2—Life of RUey 5—Popeye's Pier 5 Club 7—Discovery '63 11—Circus Boy By Lyle C. Wilson It is the misfortune of Negroo,<; that in this moment of greatest need for self discipline that they have no acknowledged leader. Thousands of Negroes are enrolled as privates in the mass armies involved in demonstrations, sit-ins and. occasionally, street violence. The number of brigade commanders accredited to and variously directing these maneuvers is beyond number. What the Negroes lack is a five-star generalissimo. The Negroes need a leader who can arouse their armies or send the armies home and off the streets and away from the jails. Most especially, the Ncsrocs now urgently need leadership which can persuade them against mass demonstrations in the capital of the United States while Congress is debating the Kennedy civil rights bill. One of the Negro brigade commanders is the Rev. George Lawrence of the Southern Christian Leadership Conference. Some days ago the Rev. Lawrence promised that Washington. D.C., would be the focus of a massive, militant and monumental sit-in this summer unless Congress acted fast to assure full equal rights for the Negro now. More Racial Bitterness He said any Southern filibuster against civil rights legislation would touch off massive acts of civil disobedience all over the United States. What the Rev. Lawrence will touch off if he carries out his program is pretty sure to he more racial bitterness, more violence and much less sympathy among .•Americans for the pending civil rights legislation. The Southern Christian Leadership Conference is one of many more or less militant Negro or- ga.nizations, any one of which probably could match the Rev. Lawrence in mass demonstrations. There appears to be no Negro or group of Negroes, however, competent to control the civil rishts demonstrators by di- recti-ns their activities into channels more likely to help than to harm their cause. The leadership situation, in fact, is worse than that. It is not merely that there is no acknowledged Negro leadership, but that the various brigade commanders are competing with each other for prestige and privileges and, perhaps, for money. Roy Wilkins is executive secretary of the National .Association for the Advancement of Colored People. N.UCP long was the muscle and brains of the Negro effort for civil rights. In a speech last week in .\lexandria. Va.. Wilkins complained that other Negro organizations provided the noise and got the publicity while .\.-\.\CP provided the manpower and paid the bills. Wilkins named some Negro ma.>:s demonstration outfits and said "Don't go giving them your money when it should be given to Us." There is considerable money available, too. A Negro educator fom Jackson. .Miss., spoke in Washington last week. It was estimated that the audience of 600 persons contributed S2.0CO when the hat was passed. A lot of money. There is evidence that some Negro leaders now feel compelled to participate in or to inspire mass violence to compete with others who promote street disorders. The idea seems to be that the street riot leader will get more followers than the pacifist. How much violence will there be and what will it do to the cause of civil rights are two unanswered questions. James M. Nabrit Jr. is president of Howard University, Washington, D.C. The San Juan. Puerto Rico. Star quoted him a fortnight ago as predicting violence, including the wholesale killing of people in the United States, unless Congress acted immediately on civil rights. THE DOCTOR SAYS Learn to make most of our air-conditioning By Dr. Wayne G. Brandstadt LIGHTER SIDE Subject requires much thought "Well, there goes the old two-week vacation!" By DICK WEST United Press International WASHINGTON (UPI) - Each summer since I joined in the colonization of darkest suburbia I have grown a small "victory garden" in my back yard. Little things that I have heard and read in recent years lead me to bch'eve that the Victory Garden campaign has been losing momentum since the end of the war. But I have continued to do my part. People who have the stimulus of war to grow a victory garden t>elong in the same class with sunshine patriots, I say. This year, however, we victory gardeners find ourselves caught on the horns of a dilemma, which is the next worse thing to being caught on the boms of a water buffalo. The dilemma got into the garden by way of Rachel Carsoo's widely discussed book "Silent Spring." Either that or somebody left the gate open. At any rate. I was spraying a radish with an anti-tomtit tincture (three parts tetraethyl to one part vermouth) when it hooked me. Suddenly I straightened up and said to myself "This spray I am using is undoubtedly contributing to the health and well-being of this radish, but how do I know it is not upsetting the balance of nature?" Miss Carson, as you know, raised a warning against the headlong use of pesticides and other horticultural chemicals lest it destroy nature's equilibnmi. Her message has had a profound effect upon us victory gardeners. We figure that nature isn't any too well balanced anyway. I put down the sprayer and was balancing myself in the hammock when my wife came out and a^ed why I had quit gardening. "I'm weighing the benefits that will accrue to our radish from a spraying with an anti-tomtit solu- We are in the season when those who have air conditioners turn them on and when all of us find ourselves going in and out of air- conditioned stores, offices, restaurants and theaters. How will this affect you? Some persons sleep better in 3 room that is air-conditioned while others, especially if they use a single-room unit, may prefer to get the room comfortably cool before retiring, and then turn off the machine. In either case, a good night's sleep in hot weather will greatly improve your spirits. In summer when the relative humidity is high, bringing air into the room from the outside and cooling it will increase the relative humidity and hence the chilling effect. Many houses in areas near large bodies of water are kept comfortable throughout the summer by means of a dehumidifier in the basement. This requires that the windows be kept closed to exclude the warm, humid air. When air conditioning was first introduced, there was a tendency lo bring the indoor temperature down too drastically. It is now recognized that people are more comfortable if the temperature is reduced to only 10 to 15 degrees below the outside official temperature (the official temperature is always taken in the shade), provided the humidity is also reduced. This holds true even for the hottest days. One of the chief problems in this regard, and one that is not likely to be solved, is that everyone has his own individual rate of metabolism. What is comfortable for one person may be uncomfortable hot or cold for another. The person who has arthritis, for example, is likely to react with joint discomfort to even a slight chilling of the surrounding air. On the other hand, air-conditioning is a great blessing to anyone who has heart disease. This is because, when the temperature approaches the normal body heat, the heart must work harder to circulate blood through the skin and thus cool it. tion against the possible distur'o- ing effect that it might have on the natural order of the universe by driving away the tomtits," I told her. "I am glad to know that," my wife said. "It appeared to me that you were taking a nap." "I think better with my eyes closed," I explained. Later on. I tried to get my mind off the problem by tuning in the ball game. But there was no escape. As I watched the Washington Senators sink deeper into the cellar of the American League, I couldn't help but wonder if their inability to hit and catch baseballs was a result of the chemicals that the ground^keeper uses on the outfield grass. If anything, the Senators are even more off balance than nature is. Perhaps Miss Carson will explore this situation in her next book. This added burden will be readily accepted by the normal heart, but will embarrass a heart that has been weakened by a coronary attack or a leaky valve. Air - conditioning is likewise a great help to persons with asthma or hay fever because it filters the offending pollens out of the air that is brought inside. This protection lasts, however, only as long as the victim remains in the room where the air is filtered. Whether you are benefited or made worse by air-conditioning, you can be sure that some form of air-conditioning is here to stay. Every year its use is being extended to more and more facilities, both public and private. It is wise, especially for women, to carry a light wrap even on the hottest days, and to wear it when going into an air-conditioned store or office where the difference in temperature is too great for comfort. This is especially important for those who must sit close to the coldair intake fan. THE ALMANAC Today is Wednesday, June 26. the 177th day of 1963 with 133 to follow. The moon is approaching Its first quarter. The morning stars are Venus, Jupiter and Saturn. The evening star is Mars. Those bom today include Pulitzer-prize winning novelist Pearl Buck in 1392. On this day in history: In 1919, the first issue of the "Illustrated Daily News" the original pictorial tabloid newspaper rolled off the presses in New York City. In 1945. .W countries signed a charter in San Francisco setting up the United Nations. In 1943. the United States announced the organization of the "Berlin -Airlift" in answer to the Russian blockade. In 1959, President Eisenhower and Queen Elizabeth dedicated the St. LawTence Seaway at St. Lambert, Quebec. A thought for the day—French novelist Albert Camus said: "Nothing in the world is worth turning one's back on what one loves." One Minute Puipit Why do you cry out over your hurt? Your pain is incurable. Because your guilt is great, because your sins are flagrant, I have done these things to you. —Jeremiah 30:15. Affliction is not sent in vain— From that good God who chastens whom He loves! —Robert Southey. LOST OR DISCARDED SOUTHE.\D. England CUPP- Officials ot the local lost and found office are wondering what to do with the item found on a street Monday. It was a white- iced, one-tier wedding cake.
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