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FOUR EVENING TIMES, CUMBERLAND, MD., MONDAY, DECEMBER 13, 1948 Phono 4600 For a WANT AD -Taker Evening & Sunday Times The Timid Soul By H. T. WEBSTER Tris Coffin Aftircoon Itrctpt »uaijny| and Sunday Momlnf. Published by Tht Timtt iind AlleguHin Company, 7-1 Mecitinlc Strict, CUmbiJ-lwid, ud. Knttrtd it thi PostolIIce it Cumbcrlund, Md.. u Stcond . _ . cum Mutttr. _ ^ Member oMh« Audit Bureau of Circulation Membtr ot thi AwclaUd Prei» » 4MO Weekly lubicrlpiton «u by Cwrlere: Ono wick Ev«. only. 30c; Evening Times per' copy. '5c;' Etc; & Sun. TtaiM. 40c per week; Sundty Times only, lOe per copy, Wall subscription rates an application. ..... ' The Evening Times and Sunday Times atsume no nnnn- cial respoiiMbllUy tor typographical errors. in advertlse- menu but will reprint tbat pvrt ot an advtrtttemtnt In . which the typographical error occur*. • Err«i muit- b« reported at once. Monday Afternoon, December 13, 1948 OUR COUHTHY Tht union of hearti, ill* union of hands and tht Flag ot our Union lortrtr—Morrii. Be On The Alert EACH SUMMER we hear and read a lot about safe driving on Memorial Day, .the Fourth of July and Labor Day. We lire urged to be careful by newspapers, police, automobile associations and others. There are similar timely warnings to New Year's Eve motorists. But It seems there has been one important omission. • According to the National' Safety Council, motor yehlcle accidents on Christmas Eve and Christmas Day are two' or three times the annual daily average. The whole month or December, in fact, is bad. Icy roads, early dusk and other perio'ds of bad visibility make highway travel particularly hazardous. Last year, for example, the total- of pedestrian deaths in December was 42 per cent 'higher than the average for the first 11 months. MANY VICTIMS of these unhappy statistics are youngsters of high school and college age. Drivers between the ages of • 18'anct 24 were Involved in 27 per cent of all fatal accidents. last year. And that figure is misleadlngly --low, since the yearly mileage driven by this'age group is relatively small. National -Safety Council figures also show that the use of automobiles by persons under 25'is at its peak during the Christmas season. In an effort to cut the holiday toll this year, the Lumbermens Mutual Casualty Company, in co-operation with the Safety Council, is conducting .a safe-driving contest in college newspapers. Prizes totaling $2000 will be given to the papers doing the best safety-crusading Job, , and to the individuals submitting the best news stories, features, editorials and cartoons on the subject. • Newspapermen will be judges. And the sponsors report that a majority of college publications are enlisted in the campaign. THESE COLLEGE students, and others in the 18-24 group, should be our best drivers, according to eye-hand co-ordination-tests. But they aren't. A recent nationwide survey by the Safety Council revealed that the three main causes of accidents involving students were speeding, day-dreamingi-and clowning, in' that order.; There are only nine prizes offered, in this contest. But hundreds or, it may be hoped, nur^nrtg w m .take a crack at them. This means Lliat they will be sitting- down to some serious thinking about highway acci- ' dents and their own driving habits-,in particular. And it is possible that some, among the many who win no award, will receive the infinitely more valuable consolation prize of escape from death or injury through the extra caution that resulted Iroda this serious thinking. That con- solaU(tti prize is available to drivers of all agef Safe driving can eliminate a lot of sa'difcss from what most of us feel should, be'tte happiest season.of the year. Toward Order "'THE ACTION OF THE United Nations ,'olitlcal Committee on the Korean question is a diplomatic ' victory for 'the United States, although the immediate result is unpredictable. The Committee has. endorsed the government at Seoul, in the American occupation zone, set up under the supervision of the United Nations com- • mission. This 'Vindicates United States support .and' protection "of the Seoul government, the legality of which was 'challenged by Russia. To Western minds this action is a slap at Russia, which refused to allow the commission to enter Russian- occupied North Korea, established a Communist , government there, and wants to prevent acceptance of the Seoul regime/ However it may be of questionable wisdom to maintain that the Seoul government represents all of Korea. If Russia proceeds to vacate North Korea,, as Moscow has said will be done, what then? If the Seoul government attempts to assert . authority over North Korea, will the people there receive' 'them as rightful officials or as invaders and .usurpers? Would tfiey receive any more kindly the United Nations commission, seeking to • unify the administration of Korea? The division of Korea was made 1 by " the . occupation; Only time can show whether any persistent differences have been created. Endorsement of the Seoul 'government looks like a step toward order, since it recognizes that this government was set up by proper United Nations procedure. It remains to be seen whether moves which seem to divide peoples will finally lead to harmony and peace. ,AIAD<&<E, i ThttMK we OUGHT "To LAV /W ENOUGH SUPPUGS FOR AT LEAST TWO weEKS.CRJST W CASC W<E HAVe FOUR. OR Five peer: OF SNOW scwe A/IGHT BIG SAJOW OR J94V r '»n»H. 1X1. M» 12-13- Thomas L. Stokes Senate May Change Tune On Monopoly Act WASHINGTON — One of the issues stressed by President Truman in his successful election campaign was monopoly, a lour syllable word that means simply the getting together of powerful Interests—business, financial and sometimes labor —to .control production, fix prices, divide up markets 'and thus raise the cost of living for all of us. The 80th Congress, which he criticized day in and day out, was guilty in helping along monopoly in one of our great industries, the railroads. This was by enactment of the Reed-Bulwinkle bill that permits the Interstate Commerce 'Commission to exempt agreements fixing railroad rates, which enter into the cost of most everything we use, from the antl-trust'laws If the Commission regards them as in the public Interest. This deprives the'public of an independent prosecutor, In this case the Justice Department, which occupies a role similar to such local •wajch-dog officials as city and county and state attorneys. President Truman vetoed the'bill, but Congress passed-it over his veto. He acted from the very thorough knowledge he had .gained of railroads, their rate-making methods, their financial practices,- their lobbying activities, as a member of the Senate. BECAUSE OP his ..veto and this background, the President is expected to ask Congress for repeal of .the Reed-Bulwinkle Act- .which- is being recommended to him by the Justice Department.- 1 The Justice Department now is in the process of building up a case for repeal or revision, using the opportunity offered by the filing of applications by the railroads with the I, C. C. for approval of rate-making agreements in accordance with the new law. Applications have been filed already by the eastern and western traffic associations, _ representing roads in those sections, and the southern association's application Is expected shortly. The Justice Department has filed a protest with the I. C. C. against the western traffic association's rate-fixing agreement, which was the first to be submitted, and will follow with protests against the others. . In the case of the western railroads it contends that the proposed agreements would legalize rate organizations and procedures that the department, in a suit long pending at. Lincoln, Nebraska, alleges constitute an unlawful combination and conspiracy to fix and control freight and passenger fares, to coerce individual 'railroads and discriminate against the .western 'district, and arc thus contrary to the public interest -•which is the criterion of approval by the I. C. C. . The Justice Department has similar suits' pending involving both .eastern and southern 'railroads in -the so-called "Georgia case." It has been given until January 5 to file a complete, detailed bill of particulars in the western application, and will submit similar bills of particulars in the other cases. CURRENTLY, the- western railroads are trying to get out from under the suit at Lincoln on the " ground that the practices, complain* ed of are exempt from prosecution luider the new law. One of the objectives of the railroads in the new law was to stop this and the Georgia cases, the latter now pending before a U. S. Supreme Court master. This was very evident in 'the terrific pressure the railroads exerted upon Congress to get the Reed• Bulwinkle bin through. They operated a skillful and powerful lobby headed up' in the Association of American Railroads, the over-all, top hierarchy which, under the new law, is almost a private government in itself. IN FINAL STAGES of consideration of the bill in the Senate, Senator Clyde M. Reed, its co-sponsor, 1 sought to mollify the opposition, particularly Southerners interested in the Georgia case, by insisting that the bill would have no effect on the Lincoln and- Georgia cases. When pressed, he said he learned this from railroad lawyers. The Senator's assurances were called to the court's attention at Lincoln by Joseph E. McDowell, counsel for the Justice Department, whereupon Judge John E.'Delehant said such an interpretation of the law was "nonsensical." Counsel for the railroads agreed with the judge, significantly enough, thus refuting the Kansas. Senator's appeasing interpretation. This may give some Senators who voted for the bill an "out" to support repeal or modification on the ground that they were "misled" when the measure was before Congress. (United Feature Syndicate, Inc.) PeterEdso'n Electric Industry Just Squeezes Through WASHINGTON—(NBA)—By. the skin of their teeth, U..S. electric light and power companies are hoping again this year to get through the. December peak load period without a major breakdown.. Last year, 64 out of 184 major electric companies, producing 98 •per cent of U. S, power,' had to curtail their, service by some means or other. This'year's curtailment may have to be greater. Peak load on U. S. power generating capacity always comes just before Christmas, when the days are shortest, stores are open, nights, Christinas tree lights are turned on In millions of homes and there is much whoopee everywhere. To meet this demand there will have -to. be - some brownouts, some shutdowns for big Industrial users, reductions in'.voltage for the companies with the narrowest margins between generating capacity and load demand. What this situation-spells out is ; that the United States, has a real power shortage. What's more, it seems destined to continue at least through 1949. In the growing West and Northwest, it may. last 10 years. now estimated at slightly under 53,000,000,'kilowatts. The-peak load in the week before Christmas will be right up there under that figure. Last year there was an estimated 5' per cent margin between installed capacity and dependable capacity. .This year it win be about 4 per cent. This is in. spite of a 3,000,0:3- kUowatt increase in installed capacity during the past year. In 1947 it was increased 2,000,000 kilowatts. For .the next three years electric companies hope to Increase capacity by .an annual average of 0,000,000 kilowatts. This is expected ' to relieve the pinch, giving the country an estimated 10 to 15. per cent margin of ..reserve capacity. arc cut too much, electric refrigerators and other appliances may burn out. INSTALLED generating capacity for the whole country is now about 55,000.000 kilowatts. Not all this installed capacity is available nt nny one time. There are always some generating units down for overhauling. What's called the "dependable capacity" Is POWER SHORTAGES.for the remainder of December are apt to be spotty all over the country. Already there have been curtailments in the Northwest and in Georgia—the latter caused by a. flood, In parts of the West it's lack of water that cuts power. Any storms or other "acts of God" merely make the shortages worse. • A cold snap in Florida last winter caused customers to turn on all their, heaters, and blew out many transformers. • In meeting this year's shortages, electric companies rimy resort to any one or more of half n dozen dodges used last year. Easiest method is to reduce voltage. This has to be watched closely at. regulating stations. If voltages History From The Times Files Children And Janitors ! .;.WHO IS MORE important, the school child or the janitor? Most schools have till lately acted on the. theory that the janitor was more important. At least they put in dark furniture and blackboards, which are easy for the janitor to clean. Their dark- colors make too great a contrast' with papers, however, and have a bad effect ' on children's eyes. Dr. Darrell B. Harmon of Austin, Tex., recently told the Middle Atlantic Education Congress that is one reason why 80 per cent of the children who. have gone as far as the fifth grade have .eye trouble. Janitors are important, doubtless, but really children are more so. •ehool buildings should be designed with more attention to the public. TEN YEARS AGO December 13, 1938 Charles Ellne was re-elected president of Local No. 26,.United Rubber Workers of America. Other officers were O. J. Morlzfeldt, Cecil W. Grayson and E. M. Pueschel. Deaths Mrs. William Smouse, 71, Baltimore Pike; George .Giessman, 82, Oakland; William S, Sheetz, 60, Dilley Street; Mrs. Hannah Morgon, 70, Emily Street; Charles Henry Smith, 71, North Centre Street; George P. Hymes, 67, Central Avenue; Henry Niner, 36, Eckha.it. Mayor and City Council'authorized payment of $5,000 for rights-of-way for the crosstown 24-inch water line. TWENTY YEARS AGO \Deeember 13, 1928 Radio 'station WTBO planned to start operation with J. F. .Hummell as owner. '• ; '• - ' Deaths Mrs. William H; Pitzer, S4, this city; Mrs. Fannie L, Sperry, formerly of Mt. Lake Park, at Union, S. C.; John W. Souders, 78, and Thomas A. Leonard, 73, Cumberland. William Wright, Westernport, was injured when struck by an ambulance, [ New Market Street bridge opened with ceremonies. THIRTY YEARS AGO December 13, 1918 Forty persons arrested here for sale of non-essentials on Sunday. Four-year-old John Stevens, Zihl- . man, fatally scalded. . Deaths Robert Carr, 79, Gtlmore; Mi's. Anna C. Horchler, 67, this city; Peter McConnell, '63, .Lonaconing; Mrs. Elizabeth Erode, 85, Frostburg; Miss Olive Wilson, Cumberland. Rev. John J. Donlon, of St. Michael's Catholic Church, Frost. burg, transferred to Br'ur.swick. A POWER SHORTAGE in Maine last September forced an appeal to all customers to cut down on the 1 use of electricity in the normal peak load hours of 12 to 2 and 6 to 8 p. m. Some industries were asked to do their work on Sundays. Others shifted operations to night hours when normal demands for current were lowest. Many industries using large quantities of electricity are supplied on what are known as "interruptible contracts." Whenever the load on a power plant gets too heavy, these interruptible customers are asked to shut down. It means lost production, but in return for submitting to this type of service, industries are usually given lower rates. This encourages use of current when there's a'sur- plus of 'power available. IN CALIFORNIA during last year's power shortage, so many plants were shut down that- labor unions complained to Washington about unemployment. Blame for today's shortages is sometimes put on private power companies that don't build up their generating capacity 1'ar chough ahead of demand. Public power officials have long advocated the overbuilding of generating capacity — both'public and privately owned—to keep supply well ahead of demand. About a fourth of today's U. S. power is generated In publicly owned plants. Building of. new power plants was slowed down somewhat .during the- war. After the war, all utility companies ordered new equipment like mad. It couldn't be built 'ast enough to keep up with the demands from the 6,000,000. new customers added since 1941. Cochran's Barbs 'Spending- most of your time hoping is a good way to wind up hopeless. FORTY YEARS AGO December 13, 1908 Charles ;W. Galloway, former B. and O. superintendent here, was expected to be named genera! superintendent of transportation.' Deaths Thomas Wilson,. 29, Frostburg; Mrs. Daniel McLaughlin. Luke; Mrs. Rudolph Smith, this city. Herald Square Opera Company was .to present "Fra Diavalo" and "The Mascot" here. Agur Methodist Chapel congregation planned to erect a new church. Where there are tots running around the best thing to try on your piano now and then is polish. An English scientist says if one freezes long enough he gets "de- licipusly . warm." The principle on which some janitors work. Nineteen-forty-eight was a big season for tomato canning. Does that come under the head of cruelly to boarders? A clock passes the time by keeping its hands busy. Maybe more of us should try that. Truman Infuses Folks With Faith That Moves Mountains WASHINGTON*.—Every visitor to the sun-filled office overlooking the White House garden, steps out gaily with a happy smile, Even old sourpuss«s who come laden with doleful problems act like the elderly deacon after the first spot of giggle- water. Harry S. Truman's good cheer and confidence Is so infectious it travels like a case of chlckenpox in a country school. It lias actually lifted a little the curtain of gloom over the world. In this tanned, chipper, self-possessed President, there is no trace of the scared little fellow who tiptoed into the White House through the long afternoon shadows three years ago. President Truman chases away the "oh me, oh my" look of the heavy thinkers by a. hearty laugh and the kind of faith that works miracles. Afterwards, White House visitors shake their heads, pinch themselves, and confess they feel like new men just talking to- the prez, MR. TRUMAN doesn't share the pessimism of his hoighty-toigthy Under Secretary of State, Bob Lovett, who uses the word "impossible" W dash hopes for an end of. the Berlin fracas. ' The President put the solemn meeting of the U. N.'s Food and Agriculture Organization into a good humor and roars of laughter with an ad lib crack about the 80th Congress, and then added this significant bit, "I wish the Soviet would join (the FAO). "I think that if we could' discuss with them our mutual interest in agriculture, it wouldn't be so hard to discuss our differences In other fields." This wasn't a glib comment; he really meant it. About all the scuffling "for position in the Administration, Mr. T. remarked slyly to one amused visitor, "If I went ahead and shifted the Cabinet around and announced a lot of new policies, the column- . ists wouldn't have anything to write about." He's said off the record.he doesn't want to make any big changes until after the inauguration. This is because of his feeling that then he will be the elected President. parading Bo all over Capitol Hill as one gent with faith and fortitude. • GLEN TAYLOR, the guitar-playing Senator who went traipsing after Henry Wallace on a fool's errand, is playing like a very^nice Democrat now. But during the campaign, the Senator saw an old friend in Salt Lake City, who asked him, "Gienn, if the Senate is tied even-Stephen, between Democrats and Republicans, what will you do?" After a pause, Taylor said, "If the Republicans would give me a .place • on the Foreign Relations Committee I would vote with them on 'the organization of the Senate," SEVERAL WHO HAVE seen Mr. Truman lately will swear on a stack of Bibles -he isn't going to back down one eyelash on his campaign promises. He told Walter White, the able factotum of the American Association for the Advancement of Colored People, that he really meant what he said on civil rights. There was the kind of glint in his eyes that showed Harry Truman wasn't kidding. To many others. President Truman has said firmly, "I'm glad we won without the New York Communists and the Dixiecrats." . One old crony of the President who was really set up after the election was Bo Beaven of Casper, Wyoming, a matey of Harry Truman's in Battery D. He took up some of those 15-to-l bets going begging and won enough dough to enjoy a, trip to Washington. Senator Joe O'Mahoney was ' MACON REED, the bright-eyed radio reporter, has figured out a way for Washington housewives to make themselves a respectable pile of jack. He chortled. "Dust out the.spare bedroom, Mother. There is money in that room, for inauguration week. Inauguration • planners are looking for 100,000 rooms in private, houses for rent on Inauguration Day." At two sleepers to a room for three nights, that's a neat proSt of around $60. Macon added with a knowing smile, "Of course, we don't want to gouge the visitors—not any more than the traffic will bear, anyway." IP THE ADMINISTRATION is looking around for labor leaders to fit into big diplomatic posts, there iu the back of the room is one good citizen with his hand in the air. It is Harvey Brown, retiring president of the middle-of-the-road International Association of Machinists. It did a top-notch job electioneering for the President and a Democratic Congress. Brown fits all the requirements, for a 20th century diplomat laid out by world traveller Eric Johnston. He's a working stiff without any uppity ways. He lives in a small, bungalow, drives a '39 model car, stands in the back row when pic-, tures axe taken, and has worked all over the country. He is a first-rate negotiator—as any one of the lAM's big employers will swear. Recently Brown has been in England as a memberof the Anglo-American Productivity Com- • mittee. « If the Administration does name /some laborices as Ambassadors, the State Department will have to-ralse the ante 'or entering. The working stiffs don't have private allowances for extra champagne. THE WORLD'S BIGGEST publisher has just put out a jim-dandy of a folder about 31 of Uncle Sam's newest, most fascinating publications. v It's called "A Gold Mine of Information" and is the baby of genial Fred Cromwell, Superintendent of'' Documents, Government. Printing. Office, Washington. Here's for a quarter, is-a collection- • of'Abraham Lincoln's best writings and accounts by meii who knew him. ... for SO cents, a hard-boiled, analysis of the air war in the Pacific. ... for a dime, the know-how on testing milk ana cream. (Glotc Syndicate) James Marloiv The Nation Today WASHINGTON.—A witness goes before the House Un-American Activities Committee, doesn't answer a question, and . , . Whammo, he's cited for contempt of Congress. Then, if found guilty in court, he can be jailed or fined. But another witness goes before the same committee and refuses to answer, and . . . • Nothing happens. Kow come? It's all pretty much in the way you do It. But what is contempt of Congress? It's violating a law which says: When anyone called as a witness before a congressional committee ignores the summons or "refuses to answer any question pertinent to the question .under inquiry," he shall be qu'ilty of a misdemeanor. A PERSON CITED for contempt, indicted by a grand jury, and found guilty in' court can be jailed'for a year and fined Sl,000. • - , If the committee asks a witness^ "pertinent" question and he simply and flatly says "I refuse to answer," he can be cited. If the committee asks -a "pertinent" question and decides the wit-,ness is stalling by answering neither yes nor no directly, he may be cited. But if a witness says "I refuse to answer on the grounds that it might tend to incriminate or degrade me," he's pretty sure not to be hooked. Here are a couple of examples: . The other dny the Committee, Investigating an" alleged pre-war Soviet spy ring: here, called In Henry Julian Wadleigh. He had worked in the. State Department before the wrir.' And the Committee asked U he had fed secret Rovernment papers Lo a Soviet, spy. He said, "I refuse to answer .on the grounds that it might tend to incriminate or degrade me." lasc year and were cited for contempt. They did not give—although they didn't flatly say they refused to give—a yes or no answer to thisquestion: "Are you, or have .you ever been, a - member of the Communist party ?">.' Nor did they say "I refuse to answer on the grounds that it might tend to incriminate or degrade me." They Just didn't answer the question directly, or they talked around it, or challenged the Committee's right to ask it at all: For not answering to the Committee's satisfaction, two of the 10 already have -been convicted in court. • . One of the two, John' Howard' Lawson, has appealed to the U. S. Supreme Court, The outcome of his case will bear directly on the others. In his appeal Lawson said the Un- American Activities Committee is different from other congressional committees in that—he. said^it.has no legal standing. Further, he said its tactics Invade the Sreedoms or an Individual guaranteed by the constitution. . fAsfiOclated Press) So They Say Man in our' day is offered the option between capitalism and communism, . . . Neither' everything capitalistic is bud nor everything Communist is b:\d. —President Peron of Argentina. Nine-tenths of fiction is carpentry where the author, uses bosoms and other devices to appeal to the so- caP.eri. public taste, —Dr. Carl H. Grabo. professor emeritus of English, University of Chicago, deplores flood- of "trashy" fiction. Henry McLemore's The Lighter Side NEW YORK—Quite a controversy Is raginir over the merits and demerits of the -so-called platoon substitution system in football. As .you know, this system calls for two separate teami —one for offense, the other for defense. ... It is rumored that some of the bigger and more affluent colleges have a third team whose sole function is to listen to the coach's pep talk before the 'game and his hall-time admonitions —or ravings, as the case may be.. The future of this;system will be debated^ at the .'forthcoming annual, football coaches' ( meeting in San Francisco. .. Even if. it is ruled out of football I believe it has great possibilities in the American Home. IT IS A RARE MAN indeed .who has the versatility to cope with all- the situations' which confront him as a husband.. AS every benedict must know, marriage ceaselessly alternates between attack and defense. One minute you're dishing it out; the next minute you're taking it on the-nose. Most husbands are better on the offense than on the defense. . ' . . Let the little woman go $7 over her yearly clothing allowance, keep him waiting for three minutes, get one little scratch on the car fender, and -he can launch on attack that would make Michigan or Notre Dame apple green with envy. In four quick plays 'he will surge to victory —eleven yards by sarcasm, fourteeri"yards .by. self-pity, six yards 'by household profanity, forty-four yards by a.shovel pass from a sulk, to masculine domination, and he's over for-a touchdown. • •'-'•- .UNFORTUNATELY, the husband does not always have possession of the ball. Sometimes tie fumbles aad Mania recovers —and he finds himself on the defensive. . That's when he yearns for the two-platoon, system. -.-•"- •: That's, when he would like to be yank«d-out .of the.house and have a substitute sent In for him. . . • • • • For example, here is the situation: Husband, due home for six-thirty (on the • •dot) dinner because wife, at husband's specific request, has prepared his favorite meal—cheese souffle and popovers. - - - ••-• ;•---Husband, delayed by hospitable acquaintances, forgets to look at watch till eight-fifteen. Telephone call reveals wife's offensive bick- rleld in full motion.- - - - •' * A situation like -this calls for one thing, and one thing only: a defensive substitute capable of withstanding any series of. plays M» Trife may be planning to throw at him. • Another'example: ,. ' — • Wife insists .husband join l:er and five other girls in friendly poker game. Game starts off conservatively, with only deuces, treys-and one-eyed Jacks wild. Husband maintains solvent position, until losing players suggest seven-card-stud with all black cards "WIW. -. ^ . ... -• '' • • All ladles present gleefully agree.and launch baffling razzle-dazzle attack on his bankroll HUSBANDS WHO HAVE been caught Jo this or a similar situation have but one alternative—run in a defensive substitute or lose their sanity. Many all admirable husband can fill 'a,sh .trays but noc empty them; throw clothes on the floor-but not pick them up; play with the dogs- but never feed them or hunt for them, when they^ . .run .away. Husbands need a substitute to perform thes« unpleasant tasks, thus leaving them to remain, perfect, in the eyes of their wives. .... (.Distributed by. McNuught Syndicate, Inc.) Hal Boyle't AP Reporter's Notebook NEW'YORK—There is an .unusual younr man from Hollywood in "town, • He's been here a. week and hasn't kicked, •pigeon in the shins—let alone a policeman. He hasn't put .his fist against anybody's face In a burst of bourbon-born, exuberance. Nor has" he been accused of being- the life of a reefer party. ' These are negative virtues, mayhap, out'. Jerome Courtland, who bears the heavy respon-" sibility of having given Shirley Temple one ot her first grownup screen kisses, has positive- virtues as well. The shy, gangling, six-foot-five-incla young actor is the most refreshing ambassador the- 'movie moguls have sent here in years. Jerry, a 22-year-old, ex-sergeant who has- been in five' pictures^ came to town without wearing the dark glasses with which many film: visitors announce • their calling. He's been tec only one night club. -He- doesn't drink or smoke, and his favorite.beverage is milk. "I drink a couple 'of quarts *. day," he said,"Not as much as i used.to.". ^ THIS IS HIS first visit to Manhattan »n<3 these "are his impressions: .". " "The buildings don't look as tall ai I.ex-. pected, but.the streets are'wider than I thought, they'd be. "Out In- Los Angeles the street numbers-, run much higher than they do'here." A student of architecture (non-feminine),Jerry has found the sky towers here less interesting than the advanced styles of California.- One landmark, of the New York scene, Toots Shor, the • monumental• restaurateur, appeared. completely unknown to young Courtland. Shor>.place Is better known to most, film visitors than Grant's tomb. (It's noisier, too). But",Jerry,' "picking up a match cover In,. Toots' epic IllliiiK station, misread it and said: "Toots Shop. What's that?" v .-,-^ For this o«e remark he deserves to become a figure of Broadway admiration. . -. -.. THIS DIDN'T necessarily mean Wadleigh had done anything wrong while working for the State Department. It did mean he was exercising a right given him under the fifth amendment to the Constitution. That says: "No person shall be .... compelled in any criminal case to be a witness against himself . . . ." The tall, bushy-haired Wadleigh gave the same answer to many questions by'the committee. Is there a" chance he may be cited for contempt? "No," said a Committee member when asked about it-"He's noc in contempt of Congress. We won't make any charge against him. He was standing on his constitutional right. "If he'd said 'I refuse to answer' and let it go—without giving the grounds he gave for refusing—we'd cite him for contempt." HERE'S HOW IT worked out another way when 10 Hollywood writers apoeared before the Committee It is splely fear 01 the.invincible and challenging might of the United States Air Force that keeps peace in the world today. —Rep. Melvin Pi-ice (D) of Illinois. Unless American management can satisfy die craving- of employes for security and a feeling of partnership, some other group may come forward to pass laws under- which we won't be able to operate. —Wallace F. Bennett, president, National Association of Manufacturers. We face an increasingly dangerous trend in the growing control of our foreign policy by those who speak primarily for the armed.ser- vices, and in'the preponderant influence that the military mentality is excerising . , . (on) our foreign policy. . —Former Undersecretary of State Sumner -Welles. It's really a great deal easier to stand on your head than on your, feet. —Lady Mendl, New York socialite. JERRY ESTABLISHED another precedent by remarking seriously: . "I want to 1 see a lot of museums while I am Jiere—particularly the American Museum of Natural History." • ;,..,' This was almost heresy. A live niovie actor in that .place—that, "dead zoo." Why, thi dinosaur might come to life in wonder. Jerry made two films, Including "Kiss and_ Tell," the picture in which he-gave Miss Templ^ a memorable smooch, before entering the army. He is currently featured in "The Man From . Colorado." . ':'"'. In Hollywood Jerry lives by himself in a"' one-room efficiency, apartment, cooks his own breakfast and dinner. Between meals he 1 " nibbles on six to eight brands of cold cereal;He's still a growing lad. Between'film.assign- ments he attends university classes. . "When I have any spare time," he said, : "I like to climb a mountain—or read. I don't like novels. I like facts. I can sit down and read the encyclopedia and enjoy it." If Jerry sets a new pattern for 'the film * colony, -it's gomg'to'-be tough on the older play- - ers. Imagine the late W. C. Fields knocking off at the studio to assault a mountain. •' And. • then coming home : to a bowl of tasty braa- flakes, a big glass of foamy milk—and afterward 1 " curling up for a quiet -evening with the encyclopedia! But come again, Jerry.' You strike. R new note in Manhattan, thrice welcome stranger. (Associated Press) •• .