The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on March 19, 1947 · Page 1
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

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Wednesday, March 19, 1947
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Good Morning Signs of Spring—Kildeer, bluebirds and robins in the fields fu this county. MORNING HERALD HAGERSTQWN, MARYLAND, WEDNESDAY, MARCH 19, 1947. )—Mean* Associated Prt Cloudy, Warmer Can't get our mind off a little »now before «pring arrives. SINGLE COPY, 5 CENTS. N ^^^ — — — __ m^vT-uj, ^uri, D Ut/JNTb. avy Orders Squadron To Visit Dardanelles U.S. Rejects Bid Of Russia Soviet Rebuked fo Charges at Foreign Ministers Meeting Moscow, March 18 (#>)— . Secretary of State George C. Marshall coldly rejected to day Russia's bid for $10,000,. 000,000 reparations from Germany and rebuked the Sovie; for charges that included dec laration that $10,000,000,000 in reparations have been re moved from the western zones. British. Foreign Secretary Ernes Bevin joined Marshall in rebuking Soviet Foreign Minister M. V. Mol otpv at a session of the Foreign Ministers Council and said fiatlj that the Russian diplomat's decla rations "are not true." In outlining: the U. S. position on reparations. Marshall said: "We will not follow the retrea of Mr. Molotov from Berlin (Pots dam) to Yalta." The American Secretary was re ferring to Molotov's claim yesterday that the United States had agreed at Yalta to $10,000,000.000 reparations to the Soviet Union .\'o reparations figures were in eluded in the subsequent Potsdam agreement. The charge that' 510,000,000,000 in reparations have been removed from the western zones has been made by the Soviet press before and repeatedly denied by the Brit ish and Americans. Cool Atmosphere There was a noticeable cooling off in the atmosphere surrounding the Council today. The coolness among the big four representatives developed after French Foreign Minister Georges Bidault made a statement on France's position on economic unity. Bidault, renewing France's demand for separation of the Ruhr r Rhineland and Saar from Germany, told the Council that Allied controls must be" retained over Germany long after the peace settle(Continued on Page 4) World Disarmament Conference Is Urged Tydings Calk for Action to Prevent Third Wo?ld War Washington, March IS (/p) — Senator Tydings (D-Md) urged today thai; President Truman call a •K-orld disarmament conference to prevent a third world war which, he said, might destroy "this planet itself." Tydings set a go'al for universal disarmament "on land, on sea and in the air' 1 by Jan. 1, 1050. and "maintained thereafter by all the countries of the earth." Except for limited small arms to maintain order, he proposed in a. Senate speech that the rnanufac- ture. storage and possession of all other weapons, ammunition and munitions of war be prohibited. Tydings told the Senate an immediate decision should be marie either to keep the United States fully prepared 'for war in all categories. including the atomic bomb. or to hare total disarmament for all the nations on the globe. Bluntly he called 'the Uni'ted Nations as presently constituted "a hollow shell ... a glorified debating society" with no police force to enforce its decrees. He insisted that the United States "should and must take the load" in promoting disarmament. but must not strip itself of its vita! defenses unless the rest of the world will go along. He introduced a resolution authorizing President. Truman (o incite other nations to a disarmament conference. Paul Porter, chief of the TJ. S. economic mission to Greece, uses the telephone at LaGuardia Field, New York, after his arrival from Greece by plane. He returned to this country to make his report on Greece in connection with President Harry S. Truman's request for assistance to that nation and Turkey. Pioneer Auto Builder Dead William C. Durant, 85, Dies With Most of Fortune Gone _ New York, March IS (/P)—William C. Durant. 85, pioneer in the nation's giant .automobile industry who accumulated §90,000,000 after starting work for 75 cents a day, and twice controlled General Motors, died today with nearly all of his fortune evaporated. Always a "bull market" operator who scorned to sell any of his companies short. Durant was largely responsible for developing the Buick and Chevrolet companies which became important components of General Motors. But panics and depressions in 1910, 1920 and 192.9 found him unable to stem the tide and he lost control of all of his big enterprises. In 1936, he filed a bankruptcy petition which listed ?250 in assets H,?31 in liabilities. " ' Durant had been ill since 1!M2 iut he kept his interest in the fu- ure of American enterprise. On lis birthday last Dec. S, he predicted a big future for American nrlustry at home and abroad. _His friends always considered him a man who could sell anything, an indefatigable worker who some- imes put in IS hours a day at his desk, an eternal optimist, always bursting; with ideas. Young Durant went to work in his grandfather's general store at 17 for 75 cents a day. Soon he had his first salesman's -job, with pati ent medicines and later cigars as his wares. He did exceptionally well, but qnlt because he disliked Wheat Price Soars To $3 For Highest In 30 Years Exports to Wheat-Hungry Foreign Countries and Poor European Crop Prospects are Held Responsible for Rise Chicago, March 18 (/P) — Three dollar wheat was recorded for the second time in the 99-year history of the Board of Trade today when the March delivery sold for $3.05 a bushel at the opening of grain futures trading. The only other year in which the $3 mark was reached was in 1917 when a price of $3.25 prevailed for four days in early May. After the peak was reached today, however, prices tumbled IS'/a cents a bushel, on reports that the government was making more wheat available for immediate delivery. The March contract closed at ?2.S6te, down ten cents — the daily limit — from Monday's close. Since February 1 until today's break came, March wheat has advanced 9SV4 cents a bushel, in the futures market. Short contracts were badly squeezed becai:.-.e ol their inability to obtain cash wheat to fulfill commitments at the end of trading in the March contracts, March 22. The scramble between shorts and mills to obtain cash" grain resulted in an upward swing in the cash market, Minneapolis recording a high of $3.10% a bushel for a car of No. 1 Dark Northern. At Omaha where cash .wheat reached the three dollar mark yesterday, prices eased a little today, with the top for the day at $2.91 a bushel for No. 1 hard winter wheat. Back of the advance in grain prices, which carried wheat to near record highs is the need of food in war prostrated countries. To meet export commitments the government has allocated large amounts.of food stuffs, including wheat, corn and flour, for export. obacco. Liquor Laws May Be Tightened Up Annapolis. Md.. March IS {^Pi- Senator Storm iDXFrederick) in- roduced a bill today to revise the jquor laws of Frederick county and tghten up the present act. Liquor .licenses shall be "issued niy to hotels and restaurants hich have been operated five State Of War In Paraguay Soldiers Desert Insurgents and Surrender to Government Asuncion, Paraguay, March IS (/P)—The government of President Higinio Morinigo declared today that all of Paraguay was in a state of war. This announcement came after government sources claimed that a number of soldiers had deserted the insurgent-torces and surrendered to government troops" operating between Asuncion, the capital, and Concepcion, the Rebel stronghold. Reports that some infantry, artillery and naval units had refused duty when ordered to fight the insurrectionists Were, denied by the informants; They added that they had received word that food was becoming scarce in the territory held by the Rebels. Earlier government sources had contended that many Rebel units were under no command and others were holding their officers prisoner for opposing the "Communist ideologies" of the revolt. Brazilian press dispatches pictured the Rebels as meeting with The- Walter Roberts family yes- ! considerable success in the fight- Woman Changes Mind; Wants Dividend Check Scranton, Pa., March 18 (JP)— Miss Mary B. Powers, who lived 15 years in a New York hotel as a recluse, has decided she wants the $25,000 in dividends she refused to accept for many yean. Deputy Attorney General Joseph Marazzacco said today he received a letter from the State Department of Revenue notifying him Mrss Powers has put in a claim for the money which had been sent her by the Glen Alden Coal Co. Foilowing Miss Power's announcement that she didn't want the money, the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania had claimed the money and Judge T. Linus Hoban had permitted the state to place the money In escrow pending outcome of the proceedings. Opportunity To Rent Two Houses Offered Evicted Family is Given Chance to Resume Home Life Senate Again Defers Sales Tax Showdown Governor Lane Submits Supplemental Budget of $28,365,290 Annapolis, Md., March 18 (/P) — The Maryland Senate, with Governor Lane's supplemental budget bill newly placed before it, postponed again tonight its showdown battle on the two percent sales tax bill. Lane submitted at the afternoon session a supplemental budget calling for $28,365,290 in general fnnd appropriations for the next two years, thus making, the budget total ?119.420,S33 from the general funds. He asked in' addition ?2?,,482,131 in special fund appropriations, to increase the total in that category to $99,835,331, or overall proposed state expenditures for 194S-49 to $219,256,165. The two percent sales levy, which Lane tied closely to the supplemental budget in his message, was scheduled as a special order of business at 0 p. m. It was delayed by a long debate which ended in passage of a bill to bar leasing of oyster beds in the Chesapeake Bay. When the sales tax was called up Senator George (D-Queen Anne's) moved for postponement until tomorrow night to allow further stndy of the supplementaj budget. Seek More Support This obviously was a tactical move, apparently in the hope that more support could be mustered for the tottering sales levy. The 11-member Republican minority is on record as opposed to the .h.ilX._and. in_fa.vor. .of. a substitute calling for large increases ^""personal and corporate income taxes, increases in beer and amusement taxes and levies on tobacco and soft drinks. The minority said Us plan would raise 525.000,000 a year,' the amount Lane said was needed. The Governor informed the General Assembly that his supplemental requests were contingent upon a number of revenue bills — Hit-hiding the highly controversial sales tax. it was doubtful,.,however, (Continued on Page 4) » i Leg Amputated So She May Play h leg ' Joan Marie. Stumpek. 12, is Shnners Hospital in Springfield, Mass., by her parents' Mr and Mrs William Stumpek of Pittsfield, Mass. Joan a cripple ecided wo id"eX rl f ^ ! 6? 7 P r Lated 1° She °° Illd * 6t an -tiS one wh1 e c would enable her to play hke other girls. (International) ears " S preceding their application " C0nsumption invested in the business prior to application. A hoiel must have at least 25 bed rooms and a restaurant at least 25 tables. terday received offers of two houses near Hagerstown, whose owners are willing to rent them immediately to the homeless couple and their 16 children. Representing the first chance the family has had for a home of their own since eviction last. Thursday, both of the houses are in rural sections, one of them in Washington county and the other just a short distance over the county line. Spokesmen for the Volunteers of America said that they had inspected one of the properties yesterday, and would visit the other today, then would let the family decide which of the two to choose. The farmer-owners of the properties declined to let their names be published, explaining that they didn't want publicity for the offer. They made their offers on the same day. each without knowledge that the other was planning to do the same thing. The Volunteers of America said that either ing. One account from the Brazilian town of Ponta Pora said that, insurgent troops had gained control of the entire Paraguayan side of the Paraguayan-Brazilian border by capturing the towns of Bella Vista, Pedro Juan Caballero and Capitan Bado. Measure Provides Taxicab Controls Taxicabs operating in cities of more than 40,000 population would be brought under the supervision of the Public Service Commission, under the terms of a bill introduced in the Senate yesterday. The Washington county delegation introduced a bill in the House to empower the Burgess and Commissioners of Funkstown to borrow up to ?50,000 for a new sewage system. Another bill, sponsored by Delegates Ankeney, Myers and See. - — —....v- ......., v , ,,t. ioit.c passed by the House, would au- enough to accommodate the big i thorize issuance of angler's li-1 family, especially if Mr. Roberts and the two oldest boys decide to remain in Hagerstown where they (Continued from Page 4) Something Has to Be Done Taft Declares Shortage Of Homes Is Problem Crying For Attention Officials Seeking To End Shortage Of Freight Cars Washington. March IS (^Industrial and railroad representatives were reported today to be working *Hh the Office of Defense Transportation toward solution of the freight car shortage. Warren C. Kendall, chairman of the car service division of the Association of American Railroads described the program to the Interstate Commerce Commission which is investigating the shortage. Asserting that the. only '-lasting cure" for the situation is "an increase in the supply of car?." Kendall said a "task force of industrial. and railroad representative? have been selected to work with the ODT in securing this result." Washington. March IS (.<?) — Senator Taft. (R-Ohio) today forecast an eventual Sl.OOO.OOO.UOO-a- year Federal budget for social welfare — education, health and housing—and declared the shortage of homes for attention. , inp in whi( . h {ne Testifying before the Senate j families live " he said Banking Committee. Taft. declared j ^Tnft was joined in his tostimonv we are going lo have something j by Senators Wagner iD-VY) and soon to get mor, homes. Kllemler (H-LaK co-sponso s Senator Robertson (D-Ya) asked | the Wagner- Ellemler-Taft Bill Taft asserted that the emergency program set up by Congress last year to encourage production of scarce building materials has been "a complete failure." "The justification for public housing is that we. have to elimi- censes free to persons 65 years of age or over. Frederick city's boundaries would be extended under terms of a bill passed by the House. The Allegany County Commissioners would be permitted to borrow 52.000,000 for constructing schools at. ML Savage. Lonaconing, and Ellersville, according to another bill passed by the House. The Frederick delegation sponsored another bill passed by the House to permit the amount of money Frederick city may borrow from 530.000 to $50.000. RELIEF AUTHORIZED Washington. March IS f/P) — Breaking a three weeks' deadlock, the House Foreign Affairs Committee finished drafting today R Taft. if he would be willing r.o increase the national debt, now totaling S252.000.000.000. lo take care Of .. r . he .. nonsin S problem. "N'o." Taft replied firmlv "I would not." *-» -• _....- v i- \. n I* » tx ni r> l I f 111~ problem crying j nate the disgraceful type of bous- u.,, lowest income ?i- *" th °"zin R expenditure of e ! S350.000.000 on foreign relief. Chairman Raton i R-X.f) said it would be approved tomorrow. NEW BAND LEADER Annapolis. Md., March ]S (JP)^Warrant officer Alexander Cecil which sets tip a goal of 35.000.000 new dwellings by 1H5S. Some of this construction would be public bousing, built with the aid of Federal money. Stressing the need for public . r> ...^ IHT.CVI ivji (MIUIIC *s. he said, the nous- housing, Kllendpr cited industrv is a national problem ] opposition and declared: "I find such an attitude very jand "nothing is closer to-the we!| fare of the people." "The government has donp no job at all in the past." he said, "and private industry has never provided f.hp necessary housing for lowest income groups." disturbing. In effect, it is a rec- ommendtion for the condemnation indefinitely of millions of our citizenry. through own. to lives disease." no fault of their of squalor and Morris was appointed Naval Academy bandleader with the rank of lieutenant today by Rear Admiral •lames L. Hollow-ay, Jr.. superintendent. DIES AT 105 Wi Ikes-Bar re. Pa.. March IS ($>) —Mrs. Petronella Gloss, oldest, resident of this area, died today at the age of inn. she was the moth-j er of 12 children, three of whom survive, and until a week ago liv-1 ed in comparatively good health. City Electric Plant Plans Will Be Drawn Joint Meeting of Council and Street Board Scheduled The future of the Municipal Electric Light Plant will be the subject of a joint meeting of the Mayor and Council and Board of Street Commissioners early next week. In the light of conditions at the light plant as reported in a recent report of R. R. Daniels, plant superintendent, it. is expected that city officials will fake some definite steps toward expanding the plant facilities. Councilman Claude M. Potterfield said yesterday that he is in favor of immediate action on the problem, but said the exact course to be followed should be recommended by the members of the Street Board instead of coming from the Council. Xo matter which o{ tho several proposed plans are followed. Pot-, terfield said he feels the city will j have to buy extra power during the interim period when such plan's ' are being carried-our. ,\s to such' final plans, he said he feels the city may have to expand present facilities and also purchase electric power. _ Herman I,. Mill?, street, commissioner who coordinates operation of the light plant, reports that "speed is th<? primary factor." Ho says a decision must be madn at ^ om-p. PO that, work may he started ! since it will take at. least two years j to complete th? project. Items Overlooked In Casey Returns Raltimoi-p. March IS f/p)-Claud* M. R;iy. a bookkeeper instructor in a Washington school, testified in Pod oral Co tut. today he may have ''overlooked', certain income iiom.s in preparing roturns for Kugen? B. Ca?ey. former White House PX eciitive. Casey, n Gaithersburp fanner and real estate man. is on trial on r-harges of evading move than $(0.000 in taxfis for tho years 1941 1942 and 1JH3. Ray, one. of the. first principal witnesses for the, defense. Paid he prepared the returns for Casey for thft three year?. He admitted he may have made errors of calculation and w ap ''not aware of other income figures. Search M Sea Train Service Sped By Navy To Be Reduced Great Peacetime Hunt Organized to Find Ship Survivors By DON "VHITEHEAD Honolulu, . March IS (/P)—The cruiser Tucson am! 19 destroyers steamed out of Pearl Harbor today and sped north to search the Pacific for any survivors from the broken tanker, Fort Dearborn. The gray warships were nlerted last night by Adm. Louis E. Den- felcl's Pacific -Fleet, headquarters. Shortly after dawn they began moving out the Pearl Harbor channel to begin one of the greatest peacetime manhunts in Pacific maritime history. With them were other ships of the Pacific Fleet which are returning to the west coast, after a week's vacation . following the- U. S. Navy's first postwar maneuvers in this ocean. But. outside of the harbor, 20 fast fighting ships set their course around Oahu and headed northwest. There was a slender chance that 12 or 13 men from the Dearborn still were alive in a lifeboat launched into the stormy sea s six (lays ago. The 20 warships joined long rangr military airplanes in the search. The aircraft began scanning thousands of miles of the Central Pacific after the tanker broke (Continued on Page 4) Lone Says County Would Get More Money For Roads Washington County would get S303.218 during 1948 for road building projects under Governor Lane's proposed supplemental budget submitted yesterday, instead of ?109.311 that it. would get under existing laws. This additional money for road building, the administration estimated, would be available under the new .State Roads bill giving the counties one fifth of the proposed five percent gasoline tax. ami 20 percent of the Motor Vehicle revenue fund. A provision in the bill would require the state to make up the difference if the amount allocated the county under the, proposal fell below the. amount allocated under the present law. Details of the law available last night, did not state whether any rest rin ions on the use of the money by the counties for road building. Pennsylvania Planning, to Discontinue Two Weekday Trains Here The Pennsylvania Railroad Company is planning to discontinue two weekday passenger trains on the Cumberland Valley branch serving communities between Hagerstown and Harrisburg' and the Post Office Department will set up a truck route to replace the loss of mail service. This information was announced at a meeting yesterday of postal officers in this area. To be discontinued, effective April 27, is a Hagerstown-bound train rbat arrives here at 10:25 a.m. and a Harrisburg-bound train that leaves Hagerstown at 5:30 p.m. Both trains carry heavy cargoes ot parcel post inbound and outbound. Discontinuance of these two trains next mouth will leave the Cumberland Valley branch with just two round trips daily except Sunday for passengers. Last month the Pennsylvania Railroad discontinued two trains from its Sunday schedule. Admitting that removal of the two trains next month will result in less efficient mail service for towns in the valley. H. T. Wolf, district, superintendent of surface mails for the Post Office Department, commented: 'I have done all 1 can do." The new truck-operated star route to be added by the Post Office to replace the trains, will leave Harrisburg daily at 8 a.m. and will arrive in Hagerstown at noon. The trucks will leave Hagerstown at 3:30 p. m. on the return trip a.nd arrive-at Harrisburg at 7:30 p. m. Chambers of Commerce, businesses and individuals throughout the valley should "rise up in protest," against the PRR order, a representative of one nearby post, office stated at the postal officers' meeting. Properties Sold At Public Auction An apartment, house on .East Hahimore street, part of the Harr property, was sold at. public auction in front, of the Court House yesterday for $25.300. The Roy South property near Funkstown sold for $8,000." The Banner property at Sharpsburg brought. ?f5.000. A small house at Bagiown. part of th^ Franklin Bower estate, sold for 5700. City Bus Service Sold To Company The Frederick b«? line of Potomac. Motor Lines. Inc.. together •*-ith the Frederick-Libertytown bus operation, has been purchased by a newly-formed corporation, Frederick Transit Company. Inc.. of which Col. Charles 'N. Staley is president. Col. Staley said the purchas includes all equipment operated on Frederick streets by Potomac Motor Lines. Staley has been Frederick manager of Potomac Motor Lines since his retirement from Army service in 1945. He said he could not announce names of his new associates until later. TO MEET The regular monthly meeting of the Washington County Volunteer Firemen's Association will be held in Firemen's Hall. Williamsport, Friday night. March 2.1. at. eight o'clock, as guests of the Williamsport firemen. Sound motion pictures and refreshments -will follow the business session. Carrier Leyle, 9 Other Ships Are Assigned State Department Calls for Speed to Halt Communism By J. W. DAVIS Washington, March 18 (/P)—The Navy today disclosed orders for a U. S. task force to visit Greek and Turkish waters — including the strategic Dardanelles — while the State Department called for speed on the Truman program to halt the spread of communism. A .Vary announcement, which ?h^-n°^7 rainlng Proses," said the ./000-ton air craft carrier Leyte. would depart from Quonset Point, K. 1.. early next month. . An official amplified tliis to sav the Leyte would be the flagship 0 "f. a group of warships including three light cruisers and six destroyers. A' preliminary report from London i -.inert the cruisers as the Providence, Portsmouth nml Dayton, iwo destroyers win escoK the Leyte across the Atlantic. There was not a word from the Navy to link the cruise with President Truman's request for aid to Greece and Turkey in resisting communism. There were plenty of words elsewhere, however, with these major developments: 1. Dean Acleson. Undersecretary of State, said that Congressional speed is of great importance, that disaster m a y result in Greece if there is a substantial gap between the end of BriUsn aid and the start of American. He compared Greece to a runner who has been tripped and is falling. - ^«~Rep. Eaton (R-NJ). chairman of_ the House Foreign Affairs committee, introduced the bill to provide ?400.000.000 for Greek and lurkish aid. It carried a strict stipulation that American military missions sent to help must be limited m number and serve only as advisers. ^ 3. Senator Vandenberg (R-Mich) chairman 6C the Senate Foreigft Relations committee, told the Senate that "bipartisan foreign policy would' die" if Democratic or Republican lawmakers working in this field should follow "the political dictates of any party managers." He thus rejected a suggestion by Gael Sullivan, executive director of the Democratic national committee 'that Republican and Democratic party leaders join in a statement endorsing Mr. Truman on the Greek - Turkish program. Vandenberg recalled at the same time his statement that "we have no safe alternative but to uphold the President s hands." Elimination Of Tax 'Competition' Urged O'Conor Asks Group to Study Local, State, Federal Levies Washington. March 18 (7P)—A bipartisan study aimed at eliminating competition for the rax dollar among: federal, state and local governments was proposed today by Senator O'Conor (D.-Md.). He introduced legislation to establish a ten-man commission which would make recommendations to the President and Con- gree "with respect to integration and coordination of the tax structure of this country." O'Conor said he believed such a. study would benefit all classes of government and reduce overall taxation. He added in a statement: ''Through the multiplicity nt taxation we have come very close to killing the goose that lays the golden, egg?. It is high time that ways and means be found to provide the taxpayers of the Ian", with badly needed relief." The commission would be instructed to report by .Tan. 31. 194S, with particular emphasis on: 1. Duplication and overlapping of taxes imposed by federal, state and local governments. . 2. Conflicts -which have arisen in the process of relating the tax laws of federal, state and local governments to one another. 3. Overlapping the administration of federal, state and local government tax laws. 4. The nature and importance of tax immunities among federal, state and local governments. SAFETY RECORD Adding to its impressire safety record, Pan American World Airways flew approximately 41 million miles in 1946 without flight accident. This significant achieve' ment in the first postwar year of operation covered 48,380 route miles with a total of 760.238,f;54 passenger miles flown for the Atlantic, Pacific-Alaska and Lalfn American operations of the Syn- tern of the Flying Clippers.

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