fa cU 73rd Year Phone 793-3221 REDLANDS. CALIFORNIA, TUESDAY. JUNE 25, 1963 $1.50 Per Month Twelve Pages 10 Cents PAINT FOR LIBERTY POLE - Steeplejack Lee Quinn is shown here this morning about two-thirds of the way up the Redlands liberty pole at its new location in front of City Hall. In about 4V2 hours, he hod scraped it, put on a new pulley end cable at the top and given it a sparkling new coat of white paint. At right is his wife, Mary Ann, preparing to send Kennedy says U.S. to risk its cities to defend Allies By MERRIMAN SMITH UP! White House Reporter FRANKFURT. Germany (UPIt —President Kennedy pledged today that the United States would risk its own cities to defend its allies. ".\ threat to the freedom of Europe is a threat to the freedom of America," the President said in a speech at the historic Pauls- kirche (St. Paul's Church), which is regarded as the cradle of Ger man democracy. A million cheering Germans greeted the President as he arrived here to make the speech that was billed as the major address of his 12-day-tour of West Germany, Berlin, Ireland, and Britain. Reporters who have traveled with Kennedy said it was perhaps the most enthusiastic welcome he has received abroad. An Enthusiastic Welcome The 20-mile route from Hanau, where the President reviewed 15,000 American servicemen, was lined three to five persons deep all the way. The crowd in front of Frank- furl's city hall, where the President climbed out of bis bubble- topped car and went inside to sign the famous "golden book" of, deeply rooted in America's own; celebrities, was so enthusiastic in \ self interest." i its welcome that it almost got out; "Our commitment to Europe is ; of hand. ' indispensable in our interest as While he emphasized defense i as yours." he said to a large matters, the Chief E.\ecutive also' Frankfurt audience and television called for economic unity and;'^''ewers across Western Europe. common political purpose as re<5-i "-^ "ireat to the freedom of Eu- uisites to successful Western re-ifope 's a threat to the freedom sistance to Communist pen-' America. etration. I Kennedy arrived in Frankfurt Tfc„ nujtn ii^,,.. ot^ff ^^n ^r -A^ ' after conferring with West Berlin The White House staff regarded. „.,.„,. „,..,„^, ,.„ „„„„ Kennedy's prepared Paulskirche speech as tiie most important utterance of his four-d.iy visit to West Germany, the first stop on his 12-day European tour. The main thrust of the speech was aimed at international critics who have forecast that the United States ultimately will welsh on defense commitments to its Western Allies and revert to what the President scorned as "narrow nationalism." The President, who came here from two days of talks in Bonn with Chancellor Konrad Adenauer, vowed that American defense conmiitments to protect Mayor Wiily Brandt in Bonn and i visiting American troops near Hanau in his roie as commander- in-chief. He flies to Berlin Wednesda}-. The building in which the I President delivered his speech j here is an ancient church in the I heart of Frankfurt where the first! all - German parliament met in 1848. To drive home his conviction that defense of the .-Atlantic com-j munity is indivisible, Kennedy! said in his speech: 1 "The United States will risk its 1 cities to defend yours because we; need your freedom to protect i ours. Hundreds of thousands of i common freedom and safety" jour soldiers serve with yours on | were assured "by one great fun- j this continent as tangible evi-' damental fact — that they are i dence of that pledge. Those who would doubt our pledge or deny this indivisibility — those who would separate Europe from America or split one ally from another—would only give aid and comfort to the men who make themselves our advers.iries and welcome any Western disarray." This passage in part could have reflected a veiled Kennedy reference to French President Charles de Gaulle, who has opposed the American blueprint of a so-c.i!!ed grand design for -Atlantic partnership in preference for greater European determination of European destiny, particularly in the field of defense. Kennedy repeatedly emphasized his belief in European autonomy in all such matters, saying at one point. "The choice of paths to the unity of Europe is a choice which Europe must make." De Gaulle has forged ahead with development of a purely French nuclear deterrent, spurning the U.S. offer to participate in a multilateral nuclear naval force within N.ATO. The British have accepted the plan, which involves the United States furnishing Polaris missiles to the proposed .VATO force. up a renewed paint supply. She always assists him in his most hazardous jobs, of which Redlands is one. On his feet are the "toe strap" platforms which he designed to supplement his seat harness. The two together permit him to work up and down a pole somewhat like a caterpillar. Story on page four. (Facts photos by C. J. Kenison) Rains cause ffoods in Nebraska WAHOO, Neb. (UPD-Torren- tial rains up to 14 inches left several Nebraska towns either inundated or surrounded by flood waters today. Hundreds of families were homeless. Scores of others were warned to be ready to leave some areas on an hour's notice. Two persons were dead. Damage was in the millions. Dewitt, Neb., was luider two feet of water early today. Jlem- phis and Valparaiso, Neb., were surrounded by the surging flood waters. At Ashland, Neb., the surging Salt Creek ran 14.73 feet deep, nearly four feet above flood stage. A highway bridge north of •town started to crack and all dikes were reported broken. SwecffsA A¥ colonel admits selling secrets to Russia Weather Redlands Weather Today (2 p.m. Reading) Highest 97, Lowest 54 One Year Ago Highest 99. Lowest 56 Tomorrow's Sunrise and Sunset 5:40 a.m. — 8:04 p.m. No smog, allowable burning. San Bernardino Valley: Sunny Wednesday. Low tonight 50 to 58. U.S. Weather Bureau Noon Forecast Skies \vill be sunny throughout Southern California this afternoon and again on Wednesday. There will be some coastal fog or low clouds along the immediate coast tonight and Wednesday morning. In the warmer lower desert valleys high temperatures will reach near 103 degrees. It will continue quite warm in most areas Wednesday but it will be slightly cooler along the immediate coasL The outlook for Thursday indicates generally fair weather. Temperatures and precipitation for the 24-hour period ended at 4 a.m.: STOCKHOLM (UPI) — A Swedish Air Force colonel has confessed to selling American and Swedish defense secrets to the Russians since 1948, the Swedish Foreign Ministry announced today. A foreign Ministry spokesman told a news conference Col. Stig Erik Constans Wennerstroem had made a full confession following his arrest by Swedish security police June 20. Political sources described it as the worst spy case in Swedish history. The spokesman said the government was still trying to ascertain the extent of the damage caused to Swedish security. Two Russian diplomats declared "persona non grata" were identified as M i 1 i t a r y Attache Maj. Gen. Mikolsky and First Secretary Bamovski. Col. Wennerstroem served from 1952 to 1957 as air attache in the Swedish Embassy in Washington. This tour followed directly on a three-year stint as air attache at the Moscow Embassy between 1949 and 1952. Informed sources said it was during his spell in Washington that the colonel sold American secrets to the Russians. On his return to Stockholm from Washington, the colonel-spy served in the Swedish defense command and 1 a t e r at the Foreign Ministry as a specialist on disarmament questions. In Stockholm he lived with his wife and two children in a lu.\tu-y house in the smart suburb of Djursholm. He was an excellent host and keen golf and bridge player, and he and his wife were well known in smart Stockholm circles. Quote of Day AUSTIN, Tex. — Price Ashton, attorney for a group of Negroes appealing a court order for gradual integration of public schools in GeorgetOHTi, Te.x.: "Thirteen years is just too long to give them to desegregate the schools." Navy resumes search for crew from helicopter IMPERIAL BEACH (UPD—The Navy today resumed a search for two crewmen missuig m the crash of a Sea Sprite Navy helicopter eight miles offshore in which two other men were rescued. Missing are the pilot, Lt. (jg) David P. Grown, 24, of Warrington, Fla., and Sr. Chief Machin ist Mate Philip H. Losen, 40, of Chula Vista. Rescued by another Navy helicopter 30 minutes after the crash were Ens. John E. Linquist, 21 Keokuk, Iowa, and Aviation Metal- smith Ronald E. Johome, 24, Im perial Beach. They were reported in good condition at the dispensary at their Ream Field .Au.\iliary Air Station base. Internal Revenue relaxes expense account rules Boston Chicago Denver Fairbanks Fort Worth Helena Honolulu Kansas Cily Las Vegas Los Angeles Minneapolis New York Oklahoma City Palm Springs Sacramento Salt Lake City San Francisco Seattle Washington High Low 93 69 75 64 93 48 62 49 95 69 64 44 — 75 88 74 87 62 78 62 91 71 90 63 91 QQ 70 yo 86 60 70 41 64 54 59 49 o" 64 .01 .12 .03 .17 WASHINGTON (UPI) — The Internal Revenue Service (IRS) backtracked today on some of its e.\pense account requirements, but the relaxation was not enough to quell a revolt by some businessmen. Thomas W. Power, coimsel for the National Restaurant Association, said the regulations were still too complicated to be understood by the average businessman. He urged Congress to step in and simplify them. The IRS Monday published its second batch of rules describing the travel and entertainment charges that the taxpayer can deduct under a recent law allowing new expense account requirements. The rules permit taxpayers more deductions for using such facilities as country clubs, hunting lodges and yachts. They also were generally Uberal in inter preting the taxpayer's right to spend for the sake of business. The regulations also allow the taxpayer to take his business prospects nightclubbing or to the theater under certain circumstances. He even is permitted to bring wives along and charge it off on his income tax. However, Power said that even the liberalization would not halt the loss of business which he claimed was being experienced by restaurants because expense account e.\ecutives are afraid to spend. "These standards are so complex that even the relaxation will be missed by the majority of the public," he said in an interview. The new expense account regulations are for the current tax year. However, the IRS indicated they would not be strictly enforced until after July 31 to give ta.\payers some time to get acquainted uith them. Khrushchev to visit East Berlin next Sunday MOSCOW (UPD—Premier Nikita S. Khrushchev is going to East Berlin on Sunday to try offset whatever encouragement West Berlin derives from President Kennedy's visit Wednesday, foreign observers said today. The official Soviet Agency Tass took both Russians and foreigners here by surprise early this morning with its announcement of Kluushchev's weekend trip. Foreign observers said the hurriedly scheduled visit was intended in part to aid East Germany's Communist boss Walter Ulbrichf, who has been waiting for years for the Kremlin to make good on promises to end Western occupation in Berlin and to sign a peace treaty with Red-held East Germany. The Tass announcement said Khrushchev officially is gouig to East Berlin to observe Ulbricht's 70th birthday. Khrtahchev's presence undoubtedly will be a welcome birthday present for Ulbricht. Observers said that what Khrushchev has to say in East Berlin will depend chiefly on Kennedy's action in West Berlin. Navy extends contract with Lockheed Two GOP leaders to alert people of fiscal danger SAN FRANCISCO UPI) - Two Republican leaders will begin statewide tour Wednesday to "alert the people to the fiscal dangers" of Gov. Edmund G. Brown's tax and budget policies. Caspar W. Weinberger, state GOP chairman, and state Senate minority leader John F. Mc Carthy, R-San Rafael, will begin their three-day tour in San Diego, and then proceed to Santa Barbara, Bakersfield, Fresno, Monterey and Salinas. Weinberger said "Brown has a clear-cut choice: Either to drop withholding and other double-tax features and confine himself to a seven per cent increase in spend ing for each of the next two fiscal years, or retain this double ta.x windfall to allow for massive new spending programs. "However, in his unreasonable desire to make a partisan issue out of the budget and to have a scapegoat to attack, he damaged the cause of public education by refusing even to consider this ad ditional revenue for schools." The San Francisco attorney said Brown is "attempting to create an air of crisis, hoping to foist his high-tax, high - spending programs on the people despite clear objections by a legislature wholly dominated by his party." Back to those fundamentals LONDON (UPI) - A panel of experts decided to repaint the 128-year-old roof of the British Railways Paddington station with a modem color scheme — pearl grey and terracotta red. Workers stripped off 41 layers of old paint, railway officials said Monday. The original coat put on in 1835, they found, was pearl grey and terracotta red. MWD seeks \o delay east branch work until 1985 LOS ANGELES 'UPD — The Metropolitan Water District today adopted a formal resolution seeking a delay until 1935 in construction of the E^t Branch Aqueduct, and calling instead for concentrated effort to complete the West Branch by 1972. The board of directors ordered transmission of the resolution to the state Department of Water Resources. The construction of the two branches by 1972 was included in the State Water Project to bring SIUTJIUS Feather River Water to Southern California. Today's move was in line with an earlier five-point proposal by the MWD to meet demands of the Riverside - San Bernardino areas through a b r a n c h program that would brmg water to the Penis Reservoir near March Field. Supporters of the East Branch in the extreme Southern Californie counties argued earlier it was needed to assure adequate water supply. Under the district's program, the MWD aqueduct from the West Branch would be built to full capacity to the San Fernando Valley. The mam branch would then follow a course along the south slope of the San Gabriel Mountains, and be extended at needed capacities to Perris reservoirs. Today's action meets terms of the water delivery contract with the state under which the district is required to furnish to the State by June 30 of this year its re quest as to size and timing of the construction of branch aqueducts. The contract with the state calls for ultimate delivery of 1.5-million acre feet annually from the state water project. As proposed in the resolution acted on today, the West Branch would be built to a capacity to carry the district's entire contractual share of northern water. Upon completion of the East Branch, it would be capable of conveying one-third of the total, according to MWD. The five point MWD program included a proposal to submit a bond issue of $600 million to the voters to insure completion of the line all the way to the Perris Reservoir and for other needed facilities. 71 dead in Southern Korea SEOUX (UPD-Landslides following heavy rains buried the village of Changsungpo on Koje Island today, killing at least 71 persons, it was reported here. Floods and landslides elsewhere in southern Korea had caused 41 deaths this week. Details of the Changsungpo tragedy were scanty, because communications between the island and the mainland had been disrupted by two days of torrential rain. First reports said 62 villagers were entombed in a great heap of earth 120 feet high early this morning. Police rushed to the scene, and nine policemen were buried by a second landslide. Koje, about 30 miles southwest of the southern port of Pusan, was the site of a prison camp during the Korean War. Communist prisoners confined there staged a number of bloody riots. WASHINGTON (UPI) - The Navy issued a $74-mUlion extension today to its existing contract with Lockheed Missiles and Space Division at Sunnyvale, Calif., according to Sen. Clair Engle, D- Calif. The money is for continued research and development on the Polaris missile. The new extension is a routine modification of the existing contract on which the Na\7 previously had a w a r d e d $170.7 million. Engle also announced these other contract awards today: By the Navy, $3.7 million to two Los Angeles firms, Montgomery, Ross, Fisher and Diversified Builders Inc., in a joint ventiu-e for construction of 250 - familyj housing luiits at the San Diego Naval Base. By the Air Force, $5 million to A.J. Industries Inc., of El Monte, Calif., for production of 450-gallon drop tanks for F105 aircraft. —By the Navy, S2.7 million to Hughes Aircraft Co., Fullerton, Calif, for four hemispherical scanning radar sets for installation aboard Navy ships. —By the Army, $1.7 million to Norris - Thermador, Los Angeles, for 226,000 90-millimeter cartridge cases. Could give U.S.the edge Diplomats sharpen up with memory course WASHINGTON (UPI) - U.S. diplomats are now bemg offered a course in mnemonics, which means training the memory. It may help solve that ultimate crisis of diplomacy—for example, forgetting the name of the Nawab of Tajpur at an official function. The first, introductory session of a 10-lesson course for State Department and U.S. information Agency employes was given in the State Department Auditorium Monday night. The session was cwiducted by E.L. Crosson, an attwuey in the department's visa office, who said he is also, from former days, a disciple of someone called "Dr. Bruno," the memory expert. Crosson said memory tricks based on a numbers code have proved invaluable to hun in remembering the 31 different grounds for denying a visa to an alien. He said the course would include remembering names, numbers, speech points and how to memorize a full deck of playing cards by dealing through it only once. The course is sponsored by the State Department-USI.A Recreation Association and is held after working hours. There were only about 50 pupils, but if mnemonics catches on, the effect on U. S. diplomacy could be beyond imagination. Suppose, for example, American diplomats suddenly began beating all other diplomats at cards. Consider the effect if the third secretary of the American Embassy in Byanibar were able to quote verbatim the full text of Article 6 (C) of the Byanabar constitution to the minister of transportation and culture. Most important of all, what would happen if diplomats no longer could honestly say, "I don't remember." One of Monday night's students was a State Department political official concerned with Laos. Let's see, there's Souvanna Phouma, Souphanouvong and. . . So hot — turns red Walker flies X15 In severest heat test EDWARDS AFB 'UPD - The(flights for the "manned missile" X15 today rocketed at a blazing speed of more than five times the speed of sound through inferno- like temperatures that could burn an ordinary plane to a crisp within mmutes. Test pilot Joe Walker, the world's fastest flying airplane pilot, was protected by his pressurized cockpit and space suit from the searing air-friction heat that expanded the Xl5's steel skin Hi inches and turned its nose and wing tips red. He skirted the rocket ship along the fringe of space above 100,000 feet—or almost 20 miles—as temperatures soared as high as 1,000 degrees fahrenheit on the X15's exterior. It was one of the "hottest" Negro leaders claim partical success in LA. LOS ANGELES (UPI) —Negro leaders today claimed partial sue cess for Monday's demonstration against the Board of Education, but indicated differences of opinion on plans for future protests against alleged de facto segregation. Nearly 1,000 hymn - singing placard - carrying demonstrators walked through downtown Los Angeles on their way to a meeting of the Board of Education. About 700 Negroes were joined by 200 Caucasians. The Rev. H.H. Brookins said after the board meeting that Negro leaders would rather "talk than walk" and said there probably would be no more demonstrations because the board had indicated a willingness to talk. But Dr. Christopher Taylor, local chairman of the National Association for " the .Advancement of Colored People (N.AACP), said i "they still haven't met our minimal demands." He added that "we will come back to every meeting of the board until it meets our demands." The ne.xt board meeting was scheduled for Thursday afternoon. which has withstood heat up to 1,250-1.300 degrees fahrenheit. Walker, who set a world aircraft speed record of 4.195 miles an hour in the X15, flashed at nearly 3.800 mph in today's test. During the test a new - type "jack-in-the - box" needle popped in and out of the rocket ship's fuselage, recording supersonic air currents that whipped over the surface. Space scientists said the "jack- in-the-box" measured the whole spectrum of air flow over the X15, instead of taking only limited readings as have pressure rakes on previous flights. It was the 86th flight of the revolutionary half plane, half space ship. The X13 is scheduled to make another flight Wednesday with Air Force Maj. Bob Rushworth streaking above the 50-mile mark to become America's second winged astronaut. Democrats to hold convention in Atlantic City WASHINGTON 'UPD - The Democrats agreed today to hold their 1964 national convention to renominate President Kennedy at the famous boardwalk resort of Atlantic City, N.J., beginning August 24. The convention will come just five weeks after the Republicans select their challenger in San Francisco. Barring some stunning political upheaval, the Democratic convention will be devoted largely to renominating Kennedy for a second term and hammering out a party platform. Atlantic City—which never has had a national political convention—was selected by the Democratic Party's Sites Committee at a special breakfast session. The recommendation was quickly approved by the Democratic National Conunittee without audible dissent.
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