Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois on October 6, 1953 · Page 4
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Galesburg Register-Mail from Galesburg, Illinois · Page 4

Galesburg, Illinois
Issue Date:
Tuesday, October 6, 1953
Page 4
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tthi Elite, to&p&UXL flalesburft 111 Tuesday, October 6, 1953 Comment and Review ^ftSMiJfALfiS tAt IS OUT MEW FUND SOURCE NEEDED . f^sMeht Exifeilhowef felt it necessary recently to allay the fears of his fellow "Republicans that they might have to carry the millstone of a national sales tax with them when they go to the polls for re-election next year. There will be no retail sales tax, he says, although he ,did not close the door on the prospect of a general manufacturers' tax—a levy which almost surely is passed on to consumers in the form of higher prices. It has one great political advantage; it is hidden from the ultimate buyer's View. In all likelihood, even if the administration had chosen to sponsor a general sales t,ax, it would never have made the grade in Congress. To the average politician, it is the reddest red flag that can be waved at the voters. In an election year, he sees it as sheer disaster. Whatever happens now in the matter of excise levies or manufacturers' taxes, we ought to appreciate that a good many misconceptions surround the sales-tax idea. Normally it engenders more emotion than real thought. First of all, as planned by most present-day advocates, a sales tax would not necessarily fall most heavily on lower income groups, as opponents always glibly claim. Under the newest plans, food, clothing, medical supplies and some other essentials would be exempted. And these make up the bulk of purchases in the lower brackets. The experts believe such a tax actually would hit middle income groups, most severely. Secondly, the federal government today gets just 16 per cent of its revenues from indirect taxes, mostly sales levies in one form or another. It obtains 84 per cent from incomes on persons and corporations. Yet, in Britain, which many of us like to think is strong ly shot through with socialism, income taxes account for only 56 per cent of government revenues. The indirect taxes—against, mostly on sales at some stage—bring in 44 per cent of British funds. So, American, the proud home of -capitalism, "soaks the rich" far more than does Britain. It is just possible, in the view of some/economists, that we go much too far, and that a better balanced tax structure would produce a healthier economy without "soaking the poor." But these are the rational arguments of the tax experts and the guardians of the national ecenomy. They could not be expected to stand up before the emotional avalanche which would be shaken loose if a sales tax were seriously proposed. Understand that, Mr. Eisenhower has yielded in the face of approaching political peril. Now all he has to do is figure out some other way to get more money, if he wants to avoid severe defense cuts. It is not an enviable assignment. SURELY, SOMEONE MUST SPEAK ENGLISH Kussia keeps shipping us notes on the question of a four- power or five-power parley. But the Reds have evidently become so entranced with their talent for confusing other people that they have been unable so far to convey any serious intent in these proposals, if there is any. When one of these complicated missives arrives, the State Department presumably hands the thing to its "What- does-it-mean?"-division. Hours, days, or weeks later, the division comes up with an answer, usually to the effect that the message has no meaning at all or is evasive and unsatisfactory. Very likely, at this stage, the only* real Soviet purpose is to keep the issue alive in Europe for its yalue in splitting us off from our Western allies. Many European leaders are clamoring for a four-power meeting, and the Russians are shrewd enough to fan the flames regularly. They also seem clever enough to word their successive proposals in a manner rendering them continuously- unacceptable. When they really want to talk, they surely can find someone within the confines of the Soviet empire who can put the offer in plain English. The Doctor Answers LEUKOPLAKIA, A CONDITION COMMON WITH HEAVY SMOKERS, NEEDS CARE' FUL WATCHING By EDWIN P. JORDAN, M.D. Today's first question is particularly clear and to the point. Q—What is a condition of the mouth called leukoplakia? What is the cause, and what is generally done for it? This is said to be a pre-cancerous condition. Is this usually so?—L. P. A—Leukoplakia is a condition of the lining or mucous mem brane of the cheeks, tongue, or gums, with the development of whitish, thickening patches. Its cause cannot always be deter mined, but it is particularly com' mon among heavy smokers. If someone who develops leukoplakia has ihe habit of smoking, it should be discontinued, and sometimes ether irritating substances can be eliminated. It is sometimes a pre­ cancerous lesion and therefore should be watched with care. * * » Q—I have a 10-year-old daughter who is constantly in the public eye because she is in show business. We are troubled, however, by the superfluous hair she has on her eyebrows and she has taken quite a lot of kidding because of it. I have plucked some of them but wonder if this is right. Mrs. S A—In a problem such as this, So They Say I am advised it is possible, but to appoint myself would be vain and improper, Under no circum stances would I give any consid eration to that method of achiev ing the office.—Ohio's Governor Lauscbe says he will not appoint himself to succeed the late Sena tor Taft. When it's cold, we cover up, but when the flowers and trees begin to bear, we begin to bare.—Har old Zimmerman, operator of the Woodland Acres Nudist Camp Hillsdale, 111. The Kinsey book will not be J ilaced on library shelves because t was pot thought to be of gen eral interest of G.I.'s.—U. S. Army spokesman in Germauy. I consider Martin Durkin (re signed Secretary of Labor) and the President (Eisenhower) to be hoftoitbie men. There was an ap parent misunderstanding. — vice president NUw. with only a comparatively few number of excessive hairs in strategic location, one would think that their permanent removal by electrolysis would be best. Advice on this could be obtained from a skin specialist or a competent electrologist. * * * Q—Can you give me any information, on spina bifida, and if there is any cure for it. Why arc some babies born with it? Mrs. J. T. A—This abnormal condition of the spine is present at birth and is considered to be a failure of complete development. Why it should happen in some and not in others, no one knows. In some cases in which the condition is not too severe, it may be possible to repair the situation with surgery. * * * Q—I have starlcd to lose my hair for the past two months, and have, gone to a skin doctor who told me it is from childbirth and ether. Do you think I will develop permanent baldness? Mrs. F. B. A—Every once in a while a per son will lose hair following an operation, childbirth, a severe illness, or the administering of an anesthetic. Why this should Occur is somewhat puzzling. It is possible that all the hair will fall out. but,in all probability, it will grow in again, perhaps with a different texture and even slightly different color. Note On Questions Dr. Jordan is unable to answer directly individual questions from readers. However, once a week, in this "Q & A" column he will answer the most interesting and the most frequently asked questions received during the week. These Days RELAPSE FROM POLITICS By GEORGE E. SOKOLSKY There comes a time with all people when they weary of the incessant discussion of the same things, the same Ideas, the same names. They find the yak-yak of politics deafening and no longer impressive. They refuse to be frightened by those who view with alarm; they are no longer overjoyed by those who see only a roseate prospect. They want to tend to their own little affairs which, if they are pleasant, add to the joy of living; if they are sad and tragic, are within the bosom of the family. This seems to be such a time. There is less fighting anywhere on earth than we have become accus tomed to. The fear of losing sons is, for the moment, over. You look at the agenda of the General Assembly of the United Nations: It is the same as last year's and as the yea"r before that. The same subjects. The same speeches. So, we are still discussing the subject of the Korean truce. For 25 months it was discussed at Pan- munjom; now it is being discussed at the United Nations; soon it might be discussed at some con ference. Most people turn from the whole subject and wonder whether tbey might not just\ as well wait until something conclusive happens. Who is right? The Mongols marched under the banners of Genghis Khan but they did not know that they were the pawns of history. They marched; they killed; they conquered; they died. They never knew why. But we are supposed to be literate, if not educated. We should be able to understand what we are about. We have a government of our own choice, responsible to us. We are in control of our own money, or we believe that we are. We vote at elections over high principles and great issues. Wc Face Enigmas Yet, we are often mastered by the course of events and unless the pressure is too great upon us, we seek to escape the consequences of the pressures. We escape in pleasures; sometimes we even try to escape in ignorance — in an avoidance of the facts, in an acceptance df what we hope may be true, of what we desire should be true. We call that wishful thinking, but it is .something more serious than that. It is an instinctive reaction to what cannot be understood because much of it does not make sense. A people, like the Americans, who have developed a great civilization by the use of common sense, find it hard to believe that what does not make sense is true. For instance, every American knows that the United States does not want to conquer any country on earth; then why should Russia want to harm the United States? It sounds unbelievable." And the same thing is true about most of the great issues that face our country. Why should the British or the French be antagonistic to us when we have done so much for them? Many Americans simply will not believe that it is true until something happens to excite I hem. But soon our people subside and turn to what is more pleasant to think and talk about. We are a cheerful people. I do not wish to give the impression that any of this is right or wrong. Who really knows? Does everybody have to be a politician or an expert or an authority? Some of us devote our lives to the study of these great subjects, and we know that no matter how much work we do to understand historic forces, there are so many factors that may escape us — and some of them are crucial. Can't Know Everything Napoleon lost an empire because it rained. Today, we have meteorologists to tell us when it is going to rain, hut the Germans miscalculated on the atom bomb. We got it first, although it looked as though they would beat us in that race. But we did not know— and therefore all calculations have been wrong—that little guys like the Rosenbergs had already stolen it from us. It is little things that none of us know, that often count most. But there is a danger in this al most fatalistic altitude. The danger is that the pot of history is always boiling and those who are not vigilant in the defense of their civilization lose it. That has hap Handicapped workers are not handicapped when placed in the right jobs! The corn on the cob season is over, so everybody can lower their elbow*. FIRST OfcDER OF BUSINESS Washington Column AIR FORCE LAYS GROUNDWORK FOR GOOD CONDUCT IN SPAIN By DOUGLAS LARSEN NEA Washington Correspondent WASHINGTON (NEA) — The Air Force has some elaborate plans under' study on the matter of discipline and conduct of its officers and men for when it takes over our new bases in Spain. The Air Force wants to be able to move into that country and stay there for a long time with a minimum of friction between the U. S. troops and the Spanish people. Air Force, officials have never been happy over trbuble that it has had with people in England, Japan and other places where a lot of Air Force personnel are quartered. Blame isn't all on one side, they believe, in these cases. But when they move into Spain they want to have profited by mistakes of the past'. The religious aspect of the Spanish situation is getting considerable study. It's not likely that only hand-picked troops will be stationed in Spain. But it is very possible that men sent there will be given special indoctrination on customs of the people and be forced to watch their conduct with great care. Frenchmen Opine What Frenchmen think of most Americans has just been revealed in a public-opinion poll conducted by the French magazine, "Realities." One question was, "Have your feelings toward the U. S. grown warmer or cooler in recent years?" Nine "per cent said warmer and 26 per cent said cooler. Sixty per cent said no change. Sixty-one per cent said they liked the U. S Eight per cent disliked it. Seventeen per cent of the Frenchmen said they liked Coca Cola, 22 per cent liked chewing gum, 41 per cent liked jazz, 55 per cent liked American cigarets and 73 per cent liked U. S. household appliances. Twenty-four per cent of the Frenchmen said they would be displeased if someone told them they looked like Americans. Only 8 per cent said they would be pleased. Thirty-nine per cent of the Frenchmen said they thought American influence in France was Fulton Lcms> Jr. WASHiNGftftf, Oct. S -Memo to Fulton Lewis, III (concluded): During your summer of apprenticeship as a reporter, I watched your performance much more carefully than you suspected, and ! I think some observations may be helpful. For one thing, you demonstrated that you like people, which is a tremendously important asset. That trait is the sire of tolerance and understanding of your fellow* and it is very likely to cause people to like you. Also, I noted that you are entirely uninhibited by titles or positions, and you tend to accept all alike on your own level, This is a gift that few Individuals — evert of far ; greater years than you— ever enjoy, or manage to achieve. It is a gift of profound philosophic truth, however. Men are not wise or good because of the positions they fill, or the titles they hold. They are only wise and good withi.1 themselves. As a reporter, your job is to analyze the man or woman, and appraise his worth by his comparative performance in his job. Your fellows, too often, will blindly ascribe to a cabinet, officer that abilities and virtues that should be ex pected of one who fills that cab inet office. ' Sadly enough, such is not always deserved. The virtue and wisdom of men is not lifted to the level of the position to which they are entrusted; the rule, rather, is that the prestige of the position is dragged down to the level of the individual who fills it. These things concern you, how ever, only insofar as they are fact. The men and women of Congress, for example, are no better and no worse than your colleagues at the press table. Some of those colleagues, in their arrogance, will pened too often not to be wholly true. (Copyright, 1953) CAN'T HAPPEN HERE? too great, 29 per cent said it wasn 't. The rest didn't know. But 35 per cent said the U. S. should give more aid to Europe and only 6 per cent said less and 32 per cent said the U. S. should withdraw its troops from Europe. Just Another One Army Provost Marshal Gen. William Maglin tells this one on himself: Following a speech, he agreed to visit a friend who had served under him and who was superintendent of the 'State asylum. Maglin was in civilian clothes, incidentally. The cab' dropped him off at the gate to the institution, which left him a two-mile walk to his friend's office. So he hailed a passing bus and the driver told him he could go along, if Maglin didn't mind waiting while he picked up a batch of passengers further on. Maglin said that was fine. When the driver stopped, the passengers boarded and sat all around him. The last one on, however was an attendant. He noticed that there seemed to be an extra man in the crowd and decided to count noses. He went "one, two, three," and came to Maglin. "I don't think I know you," he said to the general. Maglin replied, "Well, I'm the Provost Marshal General of the Army and . . ." Before Maglin could go on the attendant continued, "four, five six . . ." How Much Cut? Only a few people really understand U; S. government finances. So one of the most difficult jobs of Treasury and Budget Bureau officials is to explain a few of. the fundamentals of government finance. For instance, in the revised budget figures recently announced for this year, there's the making of a great argument over whether the Eisenhower administration cut the Truman administration budget by $13 billion, or only $10 billion. Actually both figures are right, if you take enough words to explain them. \ Congress did vote appropriations of only $51 billion in new money for this year, instead of the $64 billion asked for by President Truman. But if reappropriations from prior years, and authorizations to expend from the public debt are included, the total appropriations add up to $54 billion, which is only a $10 billion cut. The thief in California who used hook and line to fish money from dressers was no sportsman. He didn't throw back the small ones. Lots of people have had their two vacation weeks on the sands —and are now on the ropks There'll always be excuses to stay away from the office, but when the cold days come they don't sound so fishy. Asking a group of women who is the eldest is the same as calling for silence. What you don 't know hurts you most when you try. to tell it. Thought* for the Ouy A wise man will bear and will Increase learning.—Proverbs 1:5. I read ihe newspapers to see how God governs, the world.—John Milton. READ THE WANT ADS Day by Day SHIRKING RESPONSIBILITY By DR. W. HARRY FREDA One of America's favorite sports is "passing the buck." This is just another way of saying that many of us are experts in shirking responsibility. When asked to do a job, we can think of more excuses for refusing than can be computed by an adding machine. Shirking responsibility is serious, because it weakens character and blocks the trail that leads to progress. Many are the wrecks and failures along life's way that can be traced to this character deficiency. Once, centuries ago, a book was written under the title of "Jonah," which is a classic on shirking responsibility. The story has been widely read and quoted, and made the butt of many jokes. Skeptics have demonstrated to their own satisfaction at least two proposi that swims the sea with a gullet tions: first, that there is ho fish sufficiently large to swallow a man whole; second, that even if there were such a fish, no man could live in its stomach three days and three nights and escape suffoca tion. Orthodox leaders of religion have ransacked the annals of marine history to find a fish that would substantiate the credibility of the tale of the great fish that swallowed Jonah. And be it said that their conclusions are like most fish stories—difficult to believe. They all miss, the point. This is a story of a man who shirked his responsibility, and thereby got into trouble. It is a book of wide horizons, full of moral passion and spiritual power. If you are a shirker, read it—if not, read it anyway. Williainsfiekl Mrs. Carrie Church and Mrs. George Reid of Victoria visited Mrs. Nettie Caldwell Tuesday afternoon. Mrs. Queen (Jells, Mrs. Paul Chase, Mrs. Floy Ba'ntz and son, Kermit, all of Galesburg; were Wednesday dinner guests at Park View Hotel, coming to visit the former's brother, E. W. Farquer, who is quite poorly. Sgt. Malcolm Hiatt, after a furlough visit here since Sept. 12, left Wednesday night for Camp Kilmer, N. J. for overseas assignment. His mother, Mrs. Ruth Hiatt, and brother, Alvin, accompanied him to Peoria. Mr. and Mrs. Donald Tucker have moved to the Mrs. Nettie Caldwell residence. Mr. and Mrs. Harold Huber of Galva, and their daughter, Mrs. Leland Craig of Glasford, were Thursday callers in Williamsfield. Mrs., A. L. Doubet received a letter the first of this week from her son, Cpl. Floyd Irving Gray, stating that he would receive hon orable discharge from Army service in 68 days from the time be wrote. Mrs. Harold Spencer is employed part time in the office of Williamsfield Farmers Co-op. Mrs. Ethel Harmison is assist ing Mrs. Alma Farquer at Park View Hotel. .Mr. and Mrs. H. H. Spencer and Mrs. Vergil Stodgel left Friday morning for a weekend visit with the William A. Spencer family at Newark, Mo. Miss Cora Carrigan left Friday morning to-.resume her nursing duties at Oak Forest Sanitarium after spending the past several months in Williamsfield. Mrs. Lewis Hasselbacher of LaFayette spent Wednesday afternoon with her daughter and granddaughter, Mrs. William E. Spencer and Deborah. Want to Legislate Geese as Farmhands PORTSMOUTH, Va. Ml—Does a goose have to be a' goose? Couldn't it be a farm hand? Walter L Pool, of the Norfolk County board of supervisors, raised the question after the board received a bill for $301 from Greenbrier Farms for 86 geese killed by stray dogs. Greenbrier Farms, a nursery, imported the geese from Africa for use as grass cutters. The nurs ery says an African goose plucks grass but will not touch shrubbery. This makes the critter pretty important to nurserymen. But are these geese ^'poultry? The question Is vital to the county's finances. State law requires the county to pay its citizens for loss of poultry killed by stray dogs. Pool said poultry is something you eat. The geese in question, he said, are "employes of Greenbrier Farms." Pool suggested the nursery step billing the county and try to "recover its loss through the Workmen's Compensation Act. The board of supervisors voted to withhold payment pending a decision. The ttoard also instructed the commonwealth's attorney to prepare an amendment for submission to the state legislature which would completely depoultry ize African geese. Need for speed is evident: Greenbrier Farms says it is so pleased with the work of its African geese that it plans to import 10,000 more of them next year. ridicule and sneer at, and even re* sort to abusive personal attacks against somo of the senttors or representatives they ate assigned to cover. The attacks, buddy, are treasonable. They arc, in fact, at' tacks on our republic, not against these people as individuals. These people are the republic. Newsmen Not Judge Your task is rot to sit as Judge and jury on the intelligence or patriotism or wisdom of public servants. Yourj Is to hear and see, and to give, your faithful report of what you find, so the American people may sit in judgment, with the truth before them. Never worry about the ultimata gbod sense of the American people. As time adds its experience to your career, you will realize that a major ingredient in your overall responsibility is that of watchdog for the public interest. It is not enough to loll in press rooms, and wait for handouts from government press agents. These handouts usually represent the self-serving propaganda of politicians with a purpose. A messenger boy can collect them. The reporter's responsibility is to dig behind them, and uncover those facts which the politician would like to keep covered. And every uncovering is a merit mark, in your ledger. You will find allies, in all this. They will be so-called "little people" — people at the grass roots level. They will be clerks, and typists, and quiet spinsters with long careers in government. They will be seedy-looking, thin- haired men of long time civil service. These are your friends, because these are the people who keep government he nest. Government must have them, because people— human beings—are necessary to make the wheels of government turn. And these are people with the same sort of soul and principles as yours. They abhor dishonesty, intellectual or material. They believe that lying or cheating or' corner cutting is wrong. And they place integrity above job or livelihood. Opportunity Is Enviable Yours is a great opportunity. A lifetime lies ahead, and in that lifetime lies a great career — for the benefit, of your fellow man. The responsibility of every mother and father is to raise children better than they. I believe we have succeeded in your case, and I have every faith that time will prove it. Would God I could turn back the years to where you stand, and share your opportunity, side by side, with you. ' (Copyright, 1953, King Features Syndicate, Inc.) .Regrsfer-Mail President Eisenhower has urged the nation to launch a "crusade*' to restore disabled veterans and workers to productive lives. He has proclaimed the week of Oct. 4 to 10, National Employ the Physically Handicapped W<t*}> Henry Rural Youth Slate Tuesday Meet The Henry County Rural Youth will meet tonight at 8 p.m. in the Cambridge Community Hall, according to an announcement by Hugh King, president. A talk-fest at this time for those who desire to compete. General topic is "Self Government Is My Responsibility." Two winners will be selected by the participants themselves to talk at the District Rural Youth meeting Oct. 29 at the Knox County Farm Bureau in Galesburg. Chaperones for Tuesday's meet ing will be Mr. and Mrs. George Johnson and Mr. and Mrs. Myron Stackhousc Sr. Office 154-158 East Simmon* 8treat Galesburg. minoU Entered as Second Tlass Matitr at the Post Office at Galesburg Illinois, under Act of Congress of March 3. 1879. Wm. C. Pritchard Publisher R. F. Jelliff Editor M. H. Eddy Managing Editor TELEPHONE NUMBERS Register-Mail Exchange 4431 Night News Room Number* 4458 or 4459 MEMBER ASSOCIATED PRESS The Associated Press Is entlUed exclusively to the use of republlcaUoh ot all the local news printed,In this newt- Paper as weU as ail AP news dispatches. MaUonal Advertising HeprcsentaUvt, Ward-Griffith Company. Incorporated, New York, Chicago, Detroit Boston, AUanta. San Francisco. MEMBER AUDIT BUREAU Of CIRCULATION SUBSCRIPTION RATES By Carrier In city of Galesbura . 30c a week By mail in retaU trading zone 1 Year $8.00 3 Months S3.7S 6 Months „ $4.75 1 Month $1.00 By carrier in retail trading zone outside city of Galesbura 1 week 25c By mall outside our retail trading zone In Illinois, Iowa. Missouri 1 Year $10.00 3 Months tS3M 8 Months „$ 5.50 1 Month $133 Elsewhere in U S. A. by maU I Year $15.00 3 Months _$4JW 8 Months „$ 8.00 1 Month $1.75 Mall subscriptions to members at Armed Forces in Illinois. Iowa and,Missouri I Yesr $8.00 3 Months $3.78 8 Months $4.79 1 Month $1.00 In all other states 1 Year $12.00 3 Months $3.80 6 Months „$ 6.50 1 Month JIM Screen Star Answer to Previous Punish ACBOSS 4 Followers 5 Birds' homes 6 Disunite 7 Caudal appendage • Pewter coin of . Thailand 9 Soaked flax • 10 Jeers 13 Cooking .„ utensil 30 White ants 15 Son of Jacob 34 Meal 18 Individual 18Ea st Indies (ab.) 24 Heroic 25 Peel I Screen star, Jeanne 6 She in various roles 11 Income (Fr.) 12 Consumed 13 Sticking substances 14 Set in a A L. f P A « « B N P a u A ft E P E E L. | E ra i T 1 e> A T ft p A C «T a T • • ft # e N A r. T K o • o P * ¥ N E S o O T p A T * IP A ft 1 9 o P B B ft i N 6 1 P a w O ft P s « e E P B R N SI ft ° E T A 6 « A M A p T A U T « ft • m m A T S '4, i- • A V I • u 1 P A 6 * • N a m ft T A N 1 N E B o m m N 6 ft A 1_ e ft A ft a 17 Pilfer 19 Beverage 20 Number 28 Heavy blow 22 Sea eagle 23 Pace 26 Footless anif* 1 * 29 Light touch 31 Light brown 12 Anger 33 Compass point 34 Speeder 96 Pertaining to an age 39 Fowl. 40 Witticism 43 Male cat 45 Qualified 46 Ocean vessel 46 Greek; letter 49 Small maul 81 Swift river currents 83 Net 84 Cubic meter 55 Large plants WfUlievsd nowN 1 Lifting device 2T«ktiU f gftMal tnitft 42 Succinct 44 Genus of 35 Horn rodents 37 Dress 46 Smooth 38 Purdened 47 Timber tree ol 39 Cured thigh of New Zealand < swine 50 Prevarication 41 Preposition 52 Footlike part

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