The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas on January 19, 1996 · Page 5
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The Salina Journal from Salina, Kansas · Page 5

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Salina, Kansas
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Friday, January 19, 1996
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Page 5
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THE SALINA JOURNAL FRIDAY, JANUARY 19, 1996 AB T ANTIQUE DETECTIVE 'Occupied Japan' on bottom of ashtray T GARDENING Seeds start in paper towel ANNE GILBERT « Brookville resident's piece one of many made after WWII Dear Anne: I have a small gold color ashtray, leaf shape. On the bottom it says "Occupied Japan." What can you tell me? — W.W., Brookville, Kan. Dear Reader: There are many collectors of pieces made at the end of World War II in Japan. Since the country was in economic chaos, many manufacturers ; went into pro- 'duction, turn- :ing out hundreds of small objects in china, plastic and metal. Your ashtray could wear a price tag of $25 in a mall show. Dear Anne: I have seven rooms of miniature doll house furniture dating to the 1940s, made by Renwal. Can you tell me where to find a dollhouse of that period and the value of my pieces? — M.M., Sarasota, Fla. Dear Reader: To locate additional pieces, and a dollhouse, check the toy auctions and doll shows held around the country. Most with dates are listed in antiques publications. Let dealers at shows and shops know your needs. Prices vary widely and depend on quality and rarity. There is always the flea market and outdoor shows. Dear Anne: I own a white metal sword that the curator of the Metropolitan Museum in New York told me was Muslim- type, from North Africa. I would like to know more about it, and have it authenticated. Where do I start? — A.M., Staten Island, N.Y. Dear Reader: Contact, through the yellow pages, your local American Society of Appraisers, under personal prpp- erty listing. They will give you the name of a specialist. You will pay for their examination and research time. Dear Anne: I have five 19th century photos of theater personalities. One is supposed to be the actor Edwin Booth. They are by the New York City photographer, Sarony. Who would know anything about them or be interested in buying them? — R.W., St. Augustine, Fla. Dear Reader: There is great collector interest in old, historical photos. You might consider donating them to the Lightner Museum in St. Augustine, or to the American Photographic Historical Society Inc., 1150 Avenue of the Americas, New York, N.Y. 10036. They can also offer other suggestions. Dear Anne: I would like to know the value of my Limoges porcelain, wild game bird set. 12 dinner plates and large platter. They are handpainted. They are marked, Limoges France, B & H. — B.L., Courtland, Kan. Dear Reader: The set could sell for $500 in a shop. Dear Anne: When we remodeled our house we found a really old cone top beer can. How could I sell it? — J.M., Cawker City, Kan. Dear Reader: Describe your can to The Beer Can Advertiser & News Report, P.O. Box 373, Independence, Mo. 64051. Tell them, "best offer over $20." Write to Anne Gilbert in care of the Salina Journal, 333 S. Fourth, Salina KS 67401. CHIP MILLER KSU-Saline County Extension Horticulture Agent No need for petri dish; seeds germinate indoors in a folded paper towel inside plastic sandwich bag When we think of planting seeds indoors, our first mental picture is that of pots filled with soil mix. We treat all the seeds in the same manner. If they don't come up, we blame the seeds. Let's be realistic. All seeds don't * want to be treated the same way. Also, the pots filled with soil mix may not be the best or even the most convenient method of seed germination, merely the most familiar. If you are growing a lot of seed and want better results, it's time to try something different. Seeds commonly available to us are from plants native to regions throughout the world. Their native environments are far different from our local environment. They all share one common attribute — they all have some mechanism that keeps * them from germinating the instant they leave the mother plant. In the vast majority, these mechanisms are chemical. The remaining few have a physical mechanism, such as a thick seed coat, for postponing germination. Luckily for us, the most commonly successful method for destroying chemicals that inhibit germination is drying. Just leaving the seeds alone for a period may be all that is needed. It is usually referred to as dry storage. By the time you get the seeds from a local or mail order nursery, they are in a condition that is favorable for germination. Now let's discuss all the rest — you know, the species that you assumed were either "difficult to germinate" or "not viable seed." In both cases, most often the problem is not knowing what conditioning is needed to make the seed ready to germinate. Some seeds need a cool treatment to get them ready for germination. Most experimenters have used 40 degrees as the cool treatment temperature. Six weeks to two months at 40 degrees has proved successful for most species. The generally acceptable temperature for germination is 70 degrees. There are exceptions to these rules, but not enough to get excited about. Seventeen years ago, at Kansas State University, I experimented with seed germination of a single genus of flowers. I tried all sorts of things, but never succeeded in raising the germination percentage. The easiest and most basic method was to put the seed on a moistened paper filter in a covered petri dish. Paper towel, plastic bag For home use, substitute a tough paper towel and a cheap plastic bag. In fact, these may be superior to the more expensive and time consuming paper filter and petri dishes. The paper towel should have good resistance to tearing when wet, while the plastic bag should be thin enough to let oxygen pass through the polyethylene. The books I have read recommend Baggies and ScotTowels. Folded in half three times, a single section of paper towel will make a pad 21/2 by 41/2 inches. Write the seed name and other information with an extra fine point permanent marker. The pad is moistened with water, the last fold opened, and seeds are sprinkled inside. Several pads can be placed in a plastic bag which is then closed and folded several times. Experiment with the towel brand you choose, as those advertised as soft usually get mushy when wet. After germination, the next step is transplanting to a soilless medium, or "potting mix." Get a good brand, not a cheap product. You won't ne6d that much, considering all that you are saving by having plants evenly spaced, eliminating the waste inherent in starting the seeds directly in the soilless medium. Some gardeners prefer the extra insurance from soil fungus infections that a surface dusting with milled sphagnum peat moss gives them. First apply a thin coat of milled sphagnum. Then, wet the medium three times with boiling water. Let cool, then carefully transfer the recently germinated seed from the plastic bag to the medium. The best way to move the germinated seed is on the tip of a moistened toothpick. The surface tension of the water is all that is needed to lift small seeds. Larger seeds can be moved with tweezers, chopsticks, or any grasping device that won't crush them. Place the pots or flats just a few inches below fluorescent lights. Maintain this close placement by raising the lights gradually as the plants grow taller. Know frost-free date When to start seeds is a difficult decision. First, you must gamble on what the early spring temperatures will be. Let's use the 50 percent frost-free date for Saline County, April 20, as a starting point. Most seed packages will give an estimate of the time needed to develop a plant ready for transplanting outdoors. Let's say it's 6 weeks. That means the seed may need one week to. germinate and another 5 weeks to be study enough to transplant easily. Just count backwards 6 weeks from April 20 and you have the date the seeds should go onto the wet paper towel and into the plastic bag. Protect the plants by slowly acclimating them to outside conditions when moving them outdoors. Keep in mind the early spring transplanting will require constant attention to temperature shifts. You will need to protect plants from extremes. Delays in early growth are difficult, and sometimes impossible to overcome. If you don't have the time to give this extra care, transplant outdoors at a later, safer date. A daughter, Emily Renee, was born Dec. 28, 1995, to David G. and Terri M. Novak of Emporia. Grandparents are Dave and Connie Tucker of Salina and Bob and Maleta Novak of San Antonio, Texas. Great-grandparents are Donald and Dolores Tucker and Margaret Greene of Salina, Opal Novak of Beloit and Verleta Valcoure. Great-great-grandparents are Celia Davey of Salina and Verna Fitch of Miami, Fla. A daughter, Justine Paige, was born Jan. 2 to Salinans Travis A. Keil and Christina M. Rupert, 1300 Dover Drive. Grandparents are Gary and Radene Rupert of Salina. Great-grandparents are Henrietta Rupert of Klamath Falls, Ore., Albert Ditges of Stafford and Alvina Keil of Russell. Never dine alone. Enjoy The Daily Satisfaction Of Watching Backyard Friends... ...On Your New Droll Yankee Feeder Guaranteed For Life Wild Bird Crossing Your ultimate backyard nature store"* Galaxy Shopping Center • Salina 2306 Planet Avenue Mon.-Sat. 10-6, Sun. 1-5 (913) 452-WILD LADIES Miss wool coat • short • long AVINGS 's Woman ather coats bomber • short • long Selected styles. Styles and sizes v; n. All items subject to prior sale. CENTRALMALL Shop Dillard's Central Mall Monday thru Saturday 10-9, Sunday 12:00-6:00

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