The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on March 6, 1947 · Page 1
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

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Thursday, March 6, 1947
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Good Morning How are you coming along on your Federal income tax returni? MORNING VOL. LI, No. 55. HERALD Sleet or Snow Just when we were beginning to dream about Spring. HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, MARCH 6, 1947. )—Mean* As«ociated Prt«c SINGLE COPY, 5 CENTS. SfflateVoteStZSToEndOPA June 30 • • ^B • _ ^_ __ -.... —. -_ . _.. t ^^H^^ ^^i^^^ U, S. Accused Of Monopoly In Atom Plan Gromyko Makes Major Policy Talk to United Nations Assembly By FRANCIS W. CARPENTER Lake Success, N. Y., March 5 (/P)—-Andrei A. Gromyko charged today that the United States' world atomic plan was directed against the independence of other countries and said the bitterly contested veto issue could be no obstacle to effective control of atomic energy. The Soviet delegate United Nations Security to " the Council Charter Revision Needed, Senator Mclaughlin Says State Senator Points to 'Inconsistencies 7 ' In Proposed New Government—Urges Changes Before Introduction In Senate State Senator D. Kenneth .... Laughlin declared from Annapolis last night that Hagerstown's proposed new city charter needs revision t 0 patch up a number inconsistencies. Me- sets the salary at $2fiOO annually and requires the city to pay a fourth of the total. He also referred to section 229, which provides indictment, fine of contended, in the most violent attack he has yet made on the American proposals, that the United States wants to maintain a monopoly on atomic energy. He spoke in English for an hour and IS minutes and made it clear that Russia had not budged an inch in its oppo- sitica to the United States plan. The Council, listening closely, heard Groinyko declare that: 1. The Soviet Union could not turn it: national economy over to a proposed international control agency. 2. One country (obviously the United States) was trying to hold onto its monopoly in atomic energy. 3. Unlimited control of atomic energy by an international authority, as proposed by the United States, would mean "unlimited in-j terierence" in the affairs of any country. 4. The veto in the Security Council, which the United States insists must not apply on atomic control, was established in the United Nations by United States initiative and not by Soviet Russia. . He said that the late President Roosevelt especially took the lead in writing the veto ~into'~the' UN charter. The Council adjourned at 5:58 p. m. (EST) to give the delegates time to study Gromyko's declaration, [t will meet Friday (3 p. m. EST) to continue discussion of the United States request for trusteeship over Japanse - mandated islands in the Pacific • nd will take up atomic energy again next Monday (3 p. m. EST). Sitting at the Council table as the Russian delegate lashed out at ,the American proposals was Frederick H. Osborn. New York businessman and anthropologist, who was a major general in charge of the United States Army morale and education during World War H. He is the new United States deputy on the United Nations Atomic Energy Commission, working directly under Warren R. Austin, chief U. S- delegate to the UN. He added that since the regular session of State Legislature has a herculean task ahead before final adjournment, it might be advisable to pass legislation providing reco- dificatiou of the present charter, along with non-controversial issues, and let the people vote on the several controversial sections contained therein. Senator McLaughlin pointed out that he was a -member of eight Senate committees, not to mention several sub-committees, and that he would not have time to rewrite the city charter bill which has been introduced in the House of Delegates. Referring to what he described as inconsistencies, Senator McLaughlin pointed to a number of sections, including No. 261 which provides that the Mayor and Council pay the city magistrates $31.25 per month whereas the State law and imprisonment of elected or appointed city officials who might have an interest in contract work done for the city. He said the charter does not specify what crime the offender would be guilty of, or stipulate the maximum fine or imprisonment. Referring to section 253, he said the proposed new charter provides hard labor for persons convicted of vagrancy or being drunk and disorderly. He added that State law does not provide compulsory work for persons convicted of misdemeanors. In concluding. Senator McLaughlin said- he felt that several lawyers should be engaged to "iron out the inconsistencies." He said he felt the city should have a re- codification pf its old charter and that the controversial issues, such as abolishing boards and vesting strong powers in the Mayor should' provide a referendum. Compromise Made Minimum and Maximum Appropriation Figures Proposed A comp^niise has been reached on figures to be included in the pending appropriation bill relating County Free of. v the City Council were consulted, the Board of Count; Commissioners and Board of Trustees of the Library drew up a letter to be sent to the county delegation at Annapolis, asking that the present bill, already introduced, be amended to provide minimum and maximum to the Washington Library. After members Contracts Awarded For Fish Hatchery $300,000 Project Planned At Beaver Creek By State Commission The, State Inland Fish and Game Commission yesterday announced award of contracts for an immediate start, on preliminary work for the. 300.000 Beaver Creek fresh water fish hatchery in Washington county. The contracts call for building of nine rearing pools eight feet wide and 200 feet long and two more eight feet by lOO feet, to be completed by about May 15. The commission plans to transfer about 50,000 fingerling brook, rainbow, and brown trout from the Lewiston hatchery near Thurmont to the new pools. When reared, they will he planted in Maryland streams, sometime in 194S. If the project is successful, the commission plans to build a hatchery at Beaver Creek capable of supplying 200.000 legal-size trout each year for Maryland streams. The commission pointed out that I its present facilities for stocking' streams have fallen behind the increase in_ fresh water fishing. In 1535. total revenue from licenses was about SIS.OOO. in 3946 licenses brought in §77.517 ing Ifi47, it is expected to $100,000. The Lewiston hatchery produces about S.OOO legal-size trout annually. Rearing pools at Cusliwa and Truman Wants Peace Desires To Spread Presidents of U. S. and Mexico Agree on Many Matters Mexico City, March 5 (/P)—President Truman brought his Mexican visit to an end tonight after expressing hope that the joint desire of the two nations for peace can spread throughout the world to avert the. destruction of civiliza- Dur- reach According to the letter, the County Commissioners each year would levy a minimum of $20.000 and a maximum of ?30,000, while the city would be \uthorized to appropriate a bottom of. $13,333 and a top of 520,000 per year. These figures were agreed on Tuesday at a meeting of the County Commissioners with members of the library board, with further, consultations by the i'brary board! with the City Counci:. The top total appropriation by city and county under existing law is ?25,000, while under the new plan the minimum would be $33,333 for both governments. Total maximum would be double what it is at the present time. It would be ?50,000. J. B. Ferguson, president of the library board, told the County Commissioners that several thousand dollars of the proposed additional money would be required to finance the Washington county bookmobile plan \yhen it is put into effect. He added that while there would be more funds made available for the library under the new plan, there has never been enough money available to actually fill the needs of the library. Commissioner Burhans questioned the advisability of setting the total minimum figure as high as $33,333, in that "hard times" might put a hardship on the county board in this phase of its financial program. The board stated, however. that should a depression hit the county the law could be changed. Mclaughlin Will Ask Rent Control For City In Bill Annapolis. Md.. March S (#>)— Senator Ellison (R-Balto 4th)' disclosed today that his rent control measure would be made a local bill since he was convinced "a state-wide bill could not be passed."' He invited Senators to consider whether they would like to have their countries or municipalities within their counties under provisions of the rent control tion. ' ' In two separate addresses, Mr. Truman made it clear that he and President Miguel Aleman' had found "large areas of agreement" in their consultations here, including the approach to solution of Mexico's foot and mouth 'disease problem. Speaking later to a cheering, applauding American colony audience at Casino Militar, the President, urging all of them to be "good will' ambassadors." proclaimed : "We actually have a good neighbor policy between Mexico and the United States. If we can get that same feeling in the other 2L republics and in the Dominion of Canada, the western hemisphere can he the happiest place in t.he world, and I am sure-that is just what it is going to be." Earlier, speaking at the Pyramid of the Sun. 2S miles from Mexico City, the President bad told the joint U. S.-Mexican press of the efforts of the Mexican and United States Governments to preserve peace. He spoke of the ruins of ancient civilizations he had just viewed and declared: ",\ T ow we don't want to be a passing civilization — neither the great: Mexican Government nor the United States of America. We want to continue. That's the reason we want world peace. We have cxrme to the destructive point when we must have world peace, or we'll be just like these deserted ruins. We will be a deserted desert." Warmer Weather Melts Some Snow Warmer weather yesterday continued the long process of melting the recent, snow falls with the thermometer rising to a high of 3S degrees. O. Paul Oswald. Cbewsville weather observer, reported the low was 24 degrees, with the thermometer at 10 o'clock last night at. 27 degrees. Yesterday's high of 38 was the highest mark reached since February 25th. Marshall Off For European PeaceTalks Secretary Marshal! Advises World Not to Expect Too Much By EDWARD E. BOMAR Washington, March 5 (/P)— Secretary of State Marshall left for Moscow today openly expressing doubt that the momentous. Big Four Foreign Ministers Conference there will attain completely its goal of writing a European peace. Marshall, in a statement, served notice on the world not to expect too much. Expressing hope that a treaty with Austria may be written at Moscow, he said he was "extremely doubtful" that the Foreign Ministers will be able to agree on any more than basic principles to settle the much larger problem, a peace pact to govern Germany's postwar future. This raised the prospect of a second conference later this year to try to break the deadlock with Soviet Russia over German peace terms. Following is the text of Marshall's statement, which he dictated to newsmen before his big special plane took of "We recognize the negotiations at Moscow will be extremely difficult and their consequences momentous. The deputies of the Foreign Ministers have made some progress in drafting the Austrian treaty. It should be possible to consider the Austrian treaty with the hope of completing it at Moscow. "The situation with regard to the German issues is quite different. Deputies so far have ,een only engaged in listening to the statements of the Allied countries concerned, other than the Big Four. ~ : ''to we have yet to discuss and reach agreements on great fundamentals which will be the basis for the drafting of the treaty regarding Germany. "If we are successful in reaching agreements on major fundamental principles I would be very much pleased. "It would appear now to be extremely doubtful whether an actual treaty for Germany will be completed for consideration at this conference." County Plow Attacks Deep Snow Drifts Telephone Workers' Walkout Is Averted Work Contract ot Western Electric Extended to April 6 Baltimore, March 5 (/P)—A walkout of 5.400 members of the Telephone equipment workers union employed by the Western Electric Company scheduled Monday was averted today by extension of a work contract until April 6. Robert T. Reverridge. president of the National Federation of Telephone Workers Affiliate, said the extension was agreed to hy both the union and management. The present contract expires at midnight Saturday. The extension was the second made in Baltimore this week by Telephone unions. On Monday, the Maryland Telephone Traffic Union extended its work agreement with the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Baltimore city until July 1. although it would have expired today. The Maryland Federation of Telephone workers and the Maryland Federation of Telephone clerical workers still have strike notices on file. The pacts expire April 1. The C y Dartment <- P^hing a plow into the heavy snow drifts on a road ' hP nnwn n < t v snow rs on the pownsv.lle section leading to St. James School yesterday morning. AS shown in 'this picture many of the deeper dr.fts proved difficult for even heavier equipment, requiring the services of workmen slwveY larWly ( '" ring the feW <"*»• St- James School was Herald photo by opened A. Vernon Davis. unions are among; groups in 36 states to file strike notices and a nationwide walkout of some of The workers may result on or i after April 7. CIO Chieftain Flays Solons Organizer Says Group Not Equipped to Write Labor Laws Washington. March 5 (ff)~ Van A. Bittner. chief CIO organizer, told House Labor Committee members today they aren't equipped to write fair labor laws and "it -would be a wonderful' thing "for the United States if Congress met only every ten years." "Men who know nothing about a proposition shouldn't deal with it." he said after telling the members that they "are not going- to give labor a .fair break." Rep. McCowen (R-Ohio) struck back at Bittner as "narrow." Rep. Kearns (R-Pa) said he was "fed up with people coming in here, whether from unions or raanage- Bittner said his idea about Congress what they can or can't do." "It doesn't behoove you to come in here and attack this committee and its chairman." Rep. Harden <D-NCl added. "The chairman CRep. Hartley. New Jersey Republican) is an honorable gentleman." Bittner said his idea obout Congress meeting only every ten years i? "just a personal opinion." Rep. Kersten (R-Wis) won a "no sir." reply when he demanded ro know whether Bittner questions, the honesty of the members. 'Tve seen some honest men make some terrible mistake.":." the CIO witness added. He said the committeemen have their minds made up against organized labor, and that "there are no labor men on this committee." "There are men here who have clone manual labor." McCowen retorted. "[ was a member of two different, unions." (McCowen's biography in the congressional directory shows be was once a coal miner and brickyard worker.) The Congressman asked whether Biuner thought it conceivable that, "this committee of 25 men might possibly arrive at. some improvements" in the Wagner Labor Act. "They might, but f doubt, it very much." was t.he reply. "I doubt if the 25 nion on this committee who know very little about, labor relations could write a good labor bill. "Twenty-five blacksmiths would be a poor crowd to deal with medi- ral and health problems. Twenty- five doctors, might rio a good job." McLaughlin "Can't Let Old Abe Down" Annapolis, Md., March 5 (/P)— The birthday of Abraham Lin- Lincoln, whom Senator Phoebus (R-Som«rset> termed "one of the greatest men we have had in a long time," was approved »« a legal holiday today by the Senate Judiciary Committee. On , roll call vote, six Senators voted aye against four noes. Senator Bolton, (D-Baltimore County) Committee Chairman, voiced the opinion that with al! due retpect to the great «man- crpator," Maryland" had enough holidays. Senator Goldstein (D-Calvert), vo.ting aye, said, "we're giving the bankers Saturdays off, we may as well give a day to Lincoln." Senator McLaughlin (R-Wash- inaton) «aid, "I can't let old Abe down." ,i,. Montgomery County ElecfionJJill Saved Committee Seeks to Kill Non-Partisan Election Measure Annapolis. Md., .March 5 ($>)— House Republicans aided by Democrats from Baltimore City and some other counties joined today to defeat by a 63-50 vote a move by the Judiciary Committee to kill a bill which would provide nonpartisan elections in Montgomery county. The bill, Republican sponsored Delegates y the six from that county, produced t.he first out-and- out battle in the House this session between opposing political parties If. demonstrated that the House -Minority of 36 members, with Democratic assistance, is capable of asserting itself in close contests on the floor. The Judiciary Committee return- an unfavorable report on the bill, which would have exempted Montgomery county f vom prn . visions of the so-called Lindsay County Charter Law passed by the 134n Legislature. The measure would be subject to approval bv County Workers Push Battle Against Snow Tour of County Shows Deep Drifts Very Much In Evidence ed county referendum general election. There was little else at the next 01 major 000. Creek have a capacity of 30.-] which rests in the Senate judiciary This year the commission is Much Surgery Not Needed Now Potent Weapon To Fight Long List Of Infectious Diseases Discovered buying 25.000 legal size trout for Maryland streams, at a cost of $300 per thousand. CRIME MARCHES ON Washington, March 5 (/P)_FBI Director J. Edgar Hoover said today that crimes in 1946 broke all records for the past decade. Kvery a. i minutes, there was a case ot murder, manslaughter, rape or assault to kill. HALSEY RETIRED Washington. March 5 (/P)Admiral William F. committee. Ellison said Senator Kimble (R- Allegany) had expressed the desire to have Cumberland included in the provisions of an "optional limited term rent control bill." Senator McLaughlin (R- Washington) said that he would seek to have Hagerstown included in a bill if it were written so that setting up controls would be optional with the town. MORE VIOLENCE Jerusalem. March 5 — One whose carrier fleets dealt smashing blows to the Japanese, has been retired f of physical disability. —Fleel; person was killed and three were Halsey injured as a new wave, of violence Palestine tonight, with gunfire rattling in the ancient streets of Jerusalem. , Chicago. March 5 </P)—The med-, found to produce toal profession had a potent new' weapon, today for fighting a long, list of infectious diseases—because ao fo1111 " lnaf a seven-year-old gir! fractured her I crude nitrate proved effective when a wide spectrum ami-bacterial activity, it was subsequent leg. The new germ-killing chemical agent, developed after nearly four years of research, has proved effective against at least 30 organisms resistant to penicillin. It has obviated the need for surgery in a long list, of the "ordinary run" of infections. The new agent was named Raci- trac -i in honor of Margaret Tracy, who underwent, treatment in a New York hospital for a compound fracture of the leg. A germ found in the badly infected wound of her lee was subjected to ordinary culture mediums and injected into the center of boils and carbuncles. The tests were conducted at the Presbyterian Hospital. New York, by Dr. Frank L. Meleney and Miss Ralbina Johnson of the Columbia University's College of Physicians and Surgeons. Eventually they tried the drug on 54 men "and 46 women whose cases represented the "ordinary run of infections which are seen in any surgeon's of- Small Are 'Up A Stump' Washington. March 5 (7P)—Reli- gious and Labor Editors representing hundreds of publications today spoke, out for controlled distribution of scarce newsprint and relayed to Congress new reports of "black market" prices ranging from JloO a ton above the ordinary market. Thomas R. Wright, chairman of the CIO newsprint committee, ur.wd immediate restoration of wartime allocation and controls by the government, declaring that small publishers are "up a stump." He appeared before a Senate, small business subcommittee investigating the newsprint, shortage. importance in either House, although a large number of new bills mostly local — were introduced. Among bills passed by the House were three Senate-approved measures revising- the State Planning Commission. DEPUTY PRIME MINISTER London. March 5 (/?)—Nikolai A. Rulganin. newly appointed successor to Prime. Minister Stalin as County Roads Department equipment and men were battling forward on all snow fronts in Washington County yesterday, with indications that the fight -will continue for at. least a week despite the promise of a thaw. A Herald reporter.,accompanied County Roads Engineer Lester Swain on a tour of the southern sector yesterday and found that there is a considerable amount of work yet t 0 be done to get the county back on an open-road basis. Each group of workers digging into the various sections of the county is spearheaded by either a heavy bulldozer or road grader equipped with a snowplow, followed by truck-mounted plows to widen the breach in the huge snow banks, together with men on foot, equipped with shovels to "mop up" or to help support the initial break of t.he plows. In recalling that there have been several snows and driftings here within the past several days. Swain explained that the last drifting caused the most devastation to county plans. "Many along our SOO miles of county roads has been snowed in" he said, "and now everybody wants to be dug out at the same time." This just cannot be done, he stated, pointing out that the roads department has been planning its strategy so as to open the key roads first, and at the same time take care of emergency cases. "Somebody has got to be last", he added. Although Hagerstonians, seeing the snow melting in the streets in the city, may think the snow problem,,is over here, they arc sadly mistaken and a tour o'f the rural areas of the county will prove this. County plows yesterday were opening roads buried under three and four feet of snow drifts, with some even higher. In many cases fields adjacent io such roads .ire almost, barren of snow. This was caused by high winds of the past few days, the snow on the fields ending up over the roads. In many cases the hard-working county men are handicapped by a lack of space where snow may be {Continued on Page 2) Rent Increase Gets Approval Of Committee Many Wartime Agencies Doomed to Die By Action Of Senate Washington, March 5 (/P)— The Republican - dominated Senate, overriding Democratic protests, voted 58-29 today to end OPA and other wartime control agencies by June 30. A. little earlier, a Senate Banking subcommittee voted 3-2 against Democratic opposition to authorize a general 10 percent boost in rents. Under this bill rent controls would be taken from OPA and left to the courts (o enforce. The decision to send OPA to the graveyard. of governmental wartime agencies took the form of a stipulation in a ?1SO,000,000 deficiency appropriation for various government bureaus. The stipulation marked for death the Office of Temporary Controls and its constituent agencies. These include the remaining remnants, not only of OPA, but of the Civilian Production Administration which wielded enormous priority powers during the war, and the Office of War Mobilization and Reconver- sion. Goes Back To House - The appropriation bill, passed by the Senate today, goes back to the House.for actior. on amendments. It contains about .$17,000,000 to enable OPA to wind up its duties, which now consist mainly of enforcing controls over rents, sugar and rice. Senator Lucas (D.-lll.) said the money was not enough, that the bill would spell the end of rent control by April 30. But Senator TaEt (R.-Ohio) told the Senate that Congress-would be able to set up new control machinery well ahead of April so:•"• •"•; "•A proposal by Senator Hayden fD.-Ariz.) to increase funds for the Civilian Production 'Administration by $1,200,000 was defeated on a voice vote- Senator Hill (D.-Ala.) said rejection of the amendment sounded "the death knell for veterans housing." Technically, the Senate vote was on a motion to strike out a stipulation—-written, into the 5180,000,000 appropriations bill—that the Office (Continued on Page 2) Hog Prices Drop On Local Market Prices or. hogs failed to attain „ last week's record-shattering highs Soviet Minister of Armed Forces. [ at yesterday's Four States Live- has been named one of the Soviet Union's rippury prime, ministers, the. Moscow radio announced night. to- NEW COMMISSIONER Paris. March 5 UP)—Adm. Geoges Thierry d'Argenlieu was dismissed as high commissioner for Indochina hy the, French cabinet c , • «- '- j » T •••v, . * \^» t v-n uniyjuci hce or in the surgical clinic of any today and replaced by Kmile Bol- hospital." Of the 100 patients. 62 laert. former Prefect, of the Rhone were saved from the. surgeon's j region anrl a political ally O f ra di- socialist " knife and post surgical healing was | oal speeded in most of th« ease chalrn the Tenant Becomes Owner Of Farm Martinsburg. \V. V a .. March 5 6P) — Herman Slonaker, 53-year-old tenant, farmer, realized "a long ambition today by becoming the full owner of bis property. The Farmers Home Administration office here said Sionaker is th« first, person in Berkeley or Jefferson County to repay in full from farm income a loan made him stock Sales. Inc., auction. Officials of the yard said that both and hogs sold at slightly prices than the preceding lower week, when new all-time highs had been reported. Prices on butchering calves and steers remained about, the same as last week, however. The sale was an exceptionally big one. despite th e bad condition of many roads. HOTEL RATES UP Washington. March 5 / )— In- under the Rankhead-.Tones Tenant I Thev creases of 50 cents a day tor single rooms and Si for double rooms were approved by the District of Columbia Rent Control Administration for three Washington Hotels. Purchase ACT. The. Federal office here said that , Slonaker borrowed money to 1 'buy j the 77-acre property, adding tha't. i his net assets SUM. i and Washington. are the Willard, Statler DOUGLAS CONFIRMED Washington, March 5 (#>)—Lewis 1!>41 totaled I VV. Douglas won quick Senate con- $l.4fil, whilp. today his farm is j firmation today to be United States valued at $12,612. I Ambassador to Gieat Britain. in Ways To Stimulate Building Discussed FHA Head Speaks at Meeting Held at City Hall An appeal to local realtors and builders to go ahea' with construction of needed homes, especially for rental, was made here last evening by E. Lester Muller, Baltimore, state FHA director, at a meeting of city officials, builders, realtors and others' in the City Hall. The meeting was sponsored by the Hagerstown Clearing House Association. Muller spoke' on necessity of meeting the acute, shortage of homes, especially for veterans and emphasized rental homes, referring to President Truman's recent state~- ment that a maximum of rental Homes is needed and that veterans should not be compelled to purchase. Mulier said the FHA stood back of builders in every way possible. He mentioned how several large housing projects are now underway in Baltimore.- Would Waive Taxes A suggestion was made to waive city and county taxes on veterans' housing here for a period not exceeding five years to stimulate construction. Mayo- Richard Sweeney mentioned urgent need of homes, saying about 400 were necessary. One local realtor said that present rentals in Hagerstown «io not justify the investment. Muller told something about materials and co-operation of the government. He said increased material production during 194fi has somewhat helped the situation. Mayor Sweeney in concluding his remarks explained the city had spent ?100,000 to help improve the project at Hamilton Park and the city stood ready to lend similar assistance to other builders. E. Aldine Lakin. who has been active in housing here, presided at the meeting. Other government representatives from Baltimore were present and answered questions. About 75 were present. LONG PROCESS Lehighton, Pa., March 5 (VP) — Dr. Robert Christman dropped a $1.500 diamond ring in a snow pile while cleaning an automobile windshield. A highway plow piled four more feet of snow onto the spot before he could get help. It took two days of shoreline and melting down 3.000 pans of gnow before hs recovered the gem today.

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