Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland on December 9, 1948 · Page 1
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Cumberland Evening Times from Cumberland, Maryland · Page 1

Cumberland, Maryland
Issue Date:
Thursday, December 9, 1948
Page 1
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The Weather Clouds, continued cold -tonight, Friday. City Weather—Temperatures — High, 51; low, 23; noon, 35. River—5.04 -feet. F ~VOL. LXXIX.—NO. 339 '*»<**«/ >«.»p w.v.pi.oto. CUMBERLAND, MARYLAND, THURSDAY, DECEMBER 9, 1948 International News Service 36 Pages 5 CENTS Reds "Shim 9 II. A. Human Rights Act Russia Says Committee Report Says Nothing Of "Fascism"; Reds U§e Word to Define All Against Commies I By DcWITX MACKENZIE i AP Foreign Affairs Analyst The most far-reaching Declaration of Human Rights -ever devised has been completed by the -United Nations Social Committee after two mid a half years of diligent • labor and is ready for consideration by the General Assembly. ' . The 31 articles, in this historic document are calculated to-encom- pas* all the dream of the centuries for the well-being of mankind.. Because of this the highest significance attaches to the fact that' Russia and her satellites bitterly opposed the declaration, which includes such articles as these: Everyone has the right' to life, liberty and. security of person— to freedom of thought, conscience and religion—to -freedom of opinion and expression; thli tig ht includes freedom to hold opinions without, interference and to seek, receive and Impart information and ideas .through any media regardless of frontiers. Everyone has the right to a nationality—to take, part in the government of his country—to'a standard ol living adequate for the health and well-being of himself and family—to a social and international order in which the rights and free- dorni set forth in the declaration can be fully realized. All human beings are bom free and equal, in dignity and rights.. When the document finally •wai completed and came before • the 58-member social committee for approval, the Soviet bloc declared, it was unsatisfactory. The Communists claimed it violated sovereign rights' and failed to include a condemnation of Fascism. However, the declaration 'was -adopted '26 to 6 DOW too to the General Santa Gives Guide Dogs To Blind It Isn't difficult' to understand, ot course, why the Bolshevists ihoMid turn thumbs 'down..on. the declaration. It is'the antithesis of everything that Bolshevism stands for. -..'.• . .' Under the Red ism man is merely a pawn of the. Communist high command. .The.only right he has is to sing in unison with the other stooges. 'Bolshevism .couldn't, exist under any such code as is projected by the Declaration' of 'Rights. ' The Soviet demand for a condemnation of. "Fascism" isn't •urprisiny; especially when we take into consideration the Moscow definition of the term. As a matter of fact, It's about time all hands' reviewed the meaning •f the word. Webster's .new International Dictionary defines Fascism as the Fascist movement in Italy or, by extension, to any similar movement else where. The Fascist society 'was created -by Bolshevism. Mussolini to -oppose Then Hitler appropriated the general idea and founded Nazism—also to combat Cum- munism. Well, It isn't hard to understand why Moscow should h^ve a-special hatred for the Italian and German isms, and should have applied the term "Fascism" to both brands of anti-Communism. What a lot of folk don't realize, however, is that Moscow has extended the use of "Fascist" to apply- to any government, organization or even individual opposing Communism. In .this manner "Fascist" gradually iias become a generic term for all opposition to. Communism. . So it has come about that these days (Continued on Page S, Col. .8) Women Talk A Lot, But Not For Police Benefit CLEVELAND — (fP) — Do • womer really talk more than men? Maybe in some things. But whei it-comes to criminal matters, the; definitely' don't 'says Detective Lt David E. Kerr. head of .the polic homicide squad here. In a radio interview at the Pres Club last night he declared: "There's no trouble finding th woman in the case. • But it's reall tough making her talk. Women ar the hardest from." to get a confessio President Says Located Survivors Of Doomed Plaue ' Aid To Chinese Talk Scheduled On behalf of. Guide Dogs For the-Blind, Inc., a non-profit organiza- ion-of San Rafael,'Calif..Robert Cavanaugh, as.Santa, presents guide ogs to. (left to right), Lee C.-Hansen,-San Luis Obispo, Calif.; Seldon s'lchols, Oakland, Calif., blind' as the' result of bullet -'wounds during Jattle of Bulge; Dave .W. Thomas, Oakland; Harry Campbell, Reno, 'ev.; Carl O. Olsen, Almetla, Calif., and Herbert Coward, Son Francisco. Epitaph Ruins Name, Man Says RALEIGH, N. C.— (ff) — Hamp Cendall says"'he is being slandered'.' y an inscription on the tombstone ver Lawrence Nelson's grave. • r Kendall at the -.turn of the cen- ury was'accused falsely of Nelson's murder, but the error was not rec- ;ifie.d until after he'had'served nine 'ears In state perison.' He was ex- merated ' and given $5,000 com- lensation. .. •••-.-... Yesterday.Kendall Informed Gov- rnor R.', Gregg Cherry he r .wanted omething . done-. about the. tomb- tono' in Lcnolr Cemetery. : He said he was particularly concerned with lie; "slanderous" part .which v he. said eads: '"Robbed and. murdered 'by Hamp- Kendall." • ' Reds Complain U. S. Violates Air Lift Rule Truman-Note Aids Injured Boy Recover PERTH AMBOY, N. J.— Iff)— A etter from 1 President Truman, has resulted in. a "200 per - cent" improvement for a 15-year-old boy, critically burned by 50,000 volts of electricty, according to his nurses. Frankie Wojclechowski came in contact with a live wire on a rail- •oad siding October'9. He has. been m Perth Amboy Hospital since. The. boy's badly burned legs were amputated in an attempt, to- save ils life.- Nurses .'said the boy became despondent when the operation failed to improve 'Frankie's condition'. ' • • ' ' Did Not Tell President Frariklie said 1 he had _nb knowledge of how the President learned of his plight. Nurses said they did not know how the President heard of Frankie's condition. , The boy said yesterday ne, almost id given up hope 'of becoming a machine operator. "But if President Truman can win'when .everyone said he didn't have' a chance, I" .guess I can,"(Continued on Page S, Col, i) Stripling Called As Jury Witness NEW YORK — (.T 1 ) — Robert E. Stripling, chiefinvestigator for the House Un-American Activities Committee, appeared -today as a surprise witness before the, spy-probing, federal grand jury. Stripling's name had not" been mentioned in the list of-witnesses scheduled to go before the. jury on the-'fourth day of its renewed investigation of alleged Communist espionage. ' • • ' .. He appeared the day after a committee member had declared in Washington that indictment of Whittaker Chambers by the jury would make it impossible for the investigators to get at otters in -the plot. •.' List 16 Infractions In Flying Over Zone; Argue Over Mail, Refuse By TOM REEDY BERLIN— (/P) — Russian military authorities complained anew today that American airlift planes had violated 'four-power regulations In flying over .the Soviet zone. - Soviet, air safety officers listed "16 alleged , offenses iff the -past month, A Russian letter said most of the •incidents" involved Jour-erigined C-54's-flying atheights as low as 333 feet.'. ','"•'. ' ~". - Lieut. I, 'Komarov, acting • Soviet chief of air control, recommended that American craft 'ply 3,300 feet or higher in the zonal corridors and over the Berlin area "independent of weather conditions." U. S: Pilots Briefed Without acknowledging or denying the incidents, Cap;. Vincent H.- Gopkin, U. S. air safety officer, replied in » letter simply "our pilots have been iprleiud and -will continue to be" briefeS to abide by the rules of flight." One specific case listed . by the Russians said that on Nov.' 18 an American' craft allegedly "came out of the clouds" at Jeuterbog and jeopardized., a Soviet fighter plane "by pursuing it." They claimed the Russian plane averted a collision only by diving quickly. ' (Continued on Page S, Col. f) Judge Sentences Slayer Of Nurse To Electric Chair CAMDEN, N. J.—W — Howard Auld, 27-year-old former Infantryman, today was sentenced to die fin the 'electric hair for the v-J Day slaying of a Philadelphia waitress. Judge Bartholomew A. Sheehan set the week of January 30 for the electrocution. Auld was_convicted last night of first' degree murder. v '- The jury of- eight riien and four women deliberated for two hours and 45 minutes before" returning their verdict with no recommendation of mercy— a verdict that on — makes death in the electric chalrj ln ™'™c.. Executive Will Meet .'" Mme. ChiangToraorrow; Readies Budget Speech WASHINGTON — (/?} — President Truman . said today that aid to China will be taken up'when he meets Madame' Chiang Kai-Shek at a tea tomorrow. Tlmt wns his reply when asked at n. news conference whether the-matter would be discussed at the affair which he and Mrs.- Truman are holding for China's first lady. China aid 'is- what Madame Chiang is coming to see -him about, Mr.'.Truman told reporters. He added that it still remains to be seen whether he'll have further talks with her. First Mectinp It will be the first meeting of the two since the generaliss'imo's wiie came here last week to plead for more American help to the Chinese nationalist government in its battle with"'the Communists. Madame Chiang has talked previously to Secretary of State Marshall. Administration officials generally have been cool to Madame Chiang's mission. And in London today, Foreign Secretary Ernest Bevln said Britain is in no position to do "anything very material for China." Other Topics Most of Mr, Truman's news conference was devoted to the congressional spy hunt which he again labelled as a red herring. On other topics he said: 1, He doesn't know yet whether he will go- personally before a joint session of Congress to deliver his state of the union message next month. Recommendations for the 1949 fiscal year- budget, he added, are coming along slowly. 2, He. will again ask Congress to approve the St. Lawrence Seaway project. Also, he would like to see work go ahead on the proposed Jefferson Memorial at St. Louis, If the project is brought along far enough he would be glad to ask federal funds for it. Bikini Report On Desk 3, -A report of the Bikini atom bombing, tests'ls resting on his desk and will not be published. Asked if publication would meet opposition from Secretary of Defense Forrestall, Mr. Truman said that it (Continued on Page S. Col. 3) Policy Makers Study Foreign Aid Spending By STERLING F. GREEN WASHINGTON — (#) — Proposed second-year-spending for the Marshall Plan—estimated at around S'4,500,000,000—gets its first scrutiny today , from bl-partisan foreign policy leaders in Congress. Senators Connally CD-Tex),-who once again will head the Foreign Relations Committee, and Senator Vancenber'g . fR-Mich),' the retiring chairman, arranged a meeting with budget experts of the Economic Cooperation Administration. The best available spending estimate for the year beginning July 1 is about $500,000,000 less than the present $5,055,000,000 appropriation for European recovery. Figure Just Guess But the figure is neither official nor final. Officials said it'is simply as close as anybody's guess right now." If economic aid-co China is-increased and lumped with the European spending, the total will rise. Also, ECA expects |,o take over from the. Army the administration of Korean relief, which now runs about 5100,000,000 a year. Connally indicated to a reporter in advance of today's talks that they would be concerned more with how Congress should handle ECA's money problems than with the sums Clark To Take; Steps To See Law Enforced These three'Navy airmen were the first to sight the two rafts with-33 survivors of an Air Force C-54 after Ensign Johnson asked Kone to make one more pass over the area. Codes Checked Constantly To Prevent Leaks Old System Has Been Transformed: Machines Aid Security Measures By EDWARD E. BOMAR WASHINGTON—(#)—State Department officials said today their vital codes ai'e under constant checks to prevent the betrayal of American secrets to foreign governments. Whether prewar diplomatic messages between Washington and American embassies abroad were as secure from,prying eyes is in grave doubt as a. result-of disclosures during the Congressional spy inquiry. However,.. Acting - Secretary of State Lovett' said yesterday , the whole system of safeguarding such messages has been transformed in recent years. He declared the codes now as'secure as experts know how how to make them. Complicated machines are used In the State Department, as well as in the armed services, to change the wording of official messages into gibberish which—at least in theory only another, identically set ma- can reduce u> the original 'Frequent Checks chine form. Toivn Of Truman Wants To Atone TRUMAN, Minn.— (IP)— The village of Truman wants to "get right" with President Truman. In the Nov. 2 general election the| chief executive's- Minnesota com-1 munity namesake cast 216 votes for him while giving 275 to Gov. Thomas E, Dewey o£ New York, bis Republican opponent. A delegation of ten Commercial Club members starts for 'Washington Saturday to try to "explain away" those Dewey ballots and to "sort of atone for letting our namesake down." The group_ has. a White House appointment 'Monday or Tuesday. Chinese Admit Heavy Losses To Communists Nationalist Officers Pin Hopes On Pengpu Line Stalling Reds . By SEYMOUR' TOPPING NANKING — (f?) — Government military sources admitted today Chinese Communists have inflictcc heavy casualties on three encircled army groups on Nanking's approach- Palestine Bid For U.N. Seat Appears Lost By ARTHUR GAVSHON PARIS—(/P)—Israel's bid to come the 59th members of the United Nations this year appeared today to be doomed to failure. It is stymied in the Security Council. . A move to slash all controversial features from Britain's resolution for a Palestine settlement, already twice revised, developed as the Gen| eral Assembly. sought to clear up be- Officials said that in addition a jits work for adjournment Saturday. special cryptographic makes | night. freouent spot checks for any sign j Further debate, and" perhaps de r of flaws. Any suspicion that the -•-•-- --------- '-"•- —'—-'— code has been compromised brings an immediate order to change it. (Continued, on Page Baltimore Man 3) mandatory. (Continued on Page S. Col. 7) Motor Accident BALTIMORE— (ff)—The family of Sgt Luster M. Welling, a veteran of bitter fighting in Europe who later was told he was too young to be a guard at an aircraft plant received notice today that he had been killed in an automobile accident .'n Palestine. Welling was serving in an Army observation mission in the Holy Land. He was the son of Mr. and Mrs Nevin L. welling of Baltimore and his widow lives (at 131 Pocahontas Place) in Hampton, Vs. The Army, notification to his nearest of kin gave no details of the accident. It wa's at Haifa. Welling waded ashore at" Omaha beach with his 29th Division Infantry unit and was wounded several days later us his outflt was attack- cisions, on parts of-the Palestine question are due Friday in the General Assembly, in the Security Council's seven-nation Palestine Committee. -Major Issue Settled A major .east-west issue in the political committee was settled last night. The committee approved 41 to 6 a resolution indorsing the work of the U. N. Korean. Commission, providing for a new commission recognizing the Korean Republic of .U. S.-occupied south Korea as a legal government and recommending withdrawal of occupation "as early as practicable",' The resolution was sponsored by Australia, China and the United States. Only the Soviet bloc voted no. Russia, which . occupies north , Korea, has refused to permit the JU. N. Commission to operate in that territory. Back 'Appeal For Children Ing along France. road near St. Lo, Auld was previously convicted ot • first degree murder ,in the death of Margaret Rita McDade, 23, after ft V-J Day party at the Bellmawr, N. J. flrehouse. Auld was sentenced to die in the electric chair .but was granted a new trial by the New Jersey Court Of Errors and Appeals on the grounds Judge .Sheehan did not explain to the jury they could recommend mercy although returing a first degree verdict. . Spy Probe's Drama Has Become *Stranger Than Stage Or Films By ARTHUR EDSON WASHINGTON—(/P>—It will remain for the courts—and history— to give the final verdict on the great Washington spy case. '. ^ But one verdict can be rendered • right now: .'..'•' Judged purely for its drama, the strange case\of Whittaker Chambers vs. Alger Hiss is first rate. Shakespeare, a character who knew. a thing or two about it, thSught that -real drama always should involve -highly placed persons, preferably kings. No kings have wandered into this case, at least not yet. But Chambers is a senior editor of Time Mag- »zine; -Hiss was a rising young man In the State Department. Hiss, thervillian as far as the House Un-American Activities Committee is" concerned, looks like a Boy Scout leader who only recently graduated from the ranks. 'Chambers, who frequently has been praised by the 'committee, is roly-poly, heavy-lidded. In Hollywood, he'd be cast as a villain without a second look. The highlight so far was .the so- called "confrontation .scene" last August 25. This.brought-Hiss and Chambers fact to face publicly, before' the committee. In effect, they called each other a liar. Unfortunately, the' scene that might have topped this was staged in 'the comparative privacy' of Chambers' 'Maryland farm. That was when a pumpkin was Speaking .solely from a dramatic standpoint, I submit this is the perfect scene. And if the films ever are displayed in public, the proper way to present them would be to pluck them from the pumkin. We mortals can't keep any mood sustained for too ' long, so every drama has its touch of comedy relief,, such as the grave diggers in Hamlet. Well, the Chambers-Hiss mystery does nicely here,.too. Running through the confrontation day testimony, for instance, was "a sassy little Ford with a truck on its back:" It had been owned by Hiss, and he said it' had : opened last week, and out popped!a certain sentlmetal value.. He ha the microfilms that are alleged to I courted the future Mrs. H. in it, record the evidence that someone • Chambers testified that this CE was passing secret stuff to the Rus-1 had been turned over to a hard ' " t jr t~. . . ' T Tl . _ O y .-. I -. 1 sians. (Continued on Page S, Col. 2) "Assignment: America 9 (Res. D. 3. Put. Oft.l- ' ' ' ' . Miracle Of Ancient Mayan Stadium Still Baffles Modern Engineers 'CHI CHEEN ITSA, Yucatan, Mexico — (INS) — Standing here amidst the ruins of a 2,000-year-old civilization, you begin to. wonder whether we're really such hotshots of progress after all. Take the old Mayan ball court for example. It stands here — a mighty stone stadium, built before the pulley was exploited in these parts ar.d long before the sounding board was a par; of recorded history — and its acoustics 'and construction 'still defy the most clever explanations of the sxpei'ts. Literally, it is that — a stone stadium. It is nearly five hundred feet in length, and approximately one hundred feet in width. Its gen- Dral appearance is that of a modern football stadium. Obviously, it was •jsed for sports competition,' although the exact nature of the ball game played on its grounds has not yet been made clear. (However, there is some indica- .ion that when the game was fin- 'shed. the losing captain or coach vas beheaded. Economically speak- .ng, that might well be considered the logical forerunner of certain current customs. . .) But it is the acoustical qualities of this open-nir stone stadium which remain an Inexplicable mystery to the sound engineers today. To appreciate them, it must be remembered that the length of the Mayan stone stadium is more than one and one-half times the length of the modern football field. In other words, the seats at each end are farther apart than those in opposite end zones of the average stadium. And you know how far apart that is. . . • Nevertheless, you can sit at one end of this ancient Mayan stadium and carry on a conversation- with someone sitting at the other end — without raising your voice any more than would be required :o talk to someone across the table from you in a quiet restaurant. Certainly it sounds unbelievable. But .it is true. . Several newspapermen, including this correspondent, doubted it enough to 'put it to a test. We split into two skeptical parties, lowered our voices almost (Continued On Page 35, Col. 7) ago, "enjoyed his breakfast tills morning." A bulletin said: "General ' Marshall 1 had a good night. His post operative course remains satisfactory. The Genera] was up in bed'and enjoyed his breakfast this morning." es. They said the 15th army group was believed to have been virtually wiped out. The. 16th and the'two •other groups garrisoned Suchow until lost-week, when they withdrew southward in an effort to relieve the trapped 12th army group in the Suhsie.n sector. .. .. .. • The military sources said the groups had reorganized and now are resuming attacks" in an attempt to break, through the Beds. They described the Communists- as suffering heavy losses also. Depend On Merger Much depends upon whether, the former Suchow garrison can 'join the 12th at 'Suhsien^S5 miles south of Suchow—and both forces .fall back to the new Hwai river defense line, 105 miles northwest of the Chinese capital. Neutral military observers' estimated the former.Suchow.garrison has lost one third of its strength since abandoning the base to the Reds Dec. 1.. The three groups havi been reported- to embody . a combat strength of 110,000, although garrison — including rear' echelon personnel—was placed at 250,000. (Neither 'side has reported • whether any. sizable numbers of troop- were captured in;, the fall of Su chow. However, .pilots flying thi last planes in the Suchow airllf said government soldiers crowder the airfield in wild' confusion short ly before the city was captured.) The estimate of government cas ualties seems to- tally with a com munist broadcast last night, Red radio "said more than. 30,000 troops were lost to the three army groups. . . Nationals Make No Claims Qualified nationalist sources continued to make no claims to support government information agency reports that the 12th army .group had broken out of encirclement .Committee Continuei'*" Hearing But Blasts . At President's Charge: .. WASHINGTON '— (m — Con- : ' KTcsslonul hivratlir.-Uors said today they IIILVC found one of two'... mcn-!iccused of,supplying secret government documents to a. Kc6V spy, ring ten years a«o. Acting; Chairman Mundt (E.-T.V. SD) of the HOUNC Un-American Activities Committee said • the.."; man was locntcd in the metre--, politan area, of Washington. "1"'.V Mundt also announcit 1 . the committee Is preparing to hold;" a public hearing:. He' did not i»y : who the witnesses would be. '„"; ' By DOUGLAS B. CORNELL-^ WASHINGTON — (ff>) — President Truman again called the congress- • onal spy hearings a red herring today and said the committee • conducting them is a dead one. ... That brought an angry flare- baci • from members of the House Committee on TJn J American Activities who'in the past ten days have turn-.ed up-allegedly stolen secret State, Department 'documents and say they about to; expose .the people who stole them. . — Rep. Nixon (R-Calf) said that'-in the-light of evidence the committee. ias' uncovered "the President's statement is a flagrant flaunting of the" national interests of w "..the people." • . • —••• - . Only Way To Get Facts .""-.And it'is, apparent, he told--re- • porters that the only way the' facts ire going to be uncovered is through ;he committee. . ' * "TV! 'Nixon - said the President,--"by continuing- to obstruct the committee, is'.helping to keep. the-facts about the stealing of America'sTop secrets by the Communists from th«. American people." Acting Chairman Mundt' CR-SD) said that • it was inconceivable^to aim that Mr. Truman would repeat, the red herring remark. ',"1 Issues Challenge . • "If he considers the investigation _ • red herring," Mundt said, "I , challenge'-him to authorize 'us"'to publish the documents in toto in • the press. .The State,Department says-they, are.-so startling that" to release them -even now would', imperil the national' security.-, -,11-thi* is a red herring, let's publish them.": Mr. Truman's remarks were to a news conference and' were made in response to questions. He said that so far as the stolen documents Attorney General that the are concerned, Clark will see enforced. • . ' ' "..'.. In summary, Mr. Truman's ,_«pressed attitude, toward the committee's activities, was this: If .the commitee members were in-dead earnest about protecting the country, they would- have turned what they have found over to Clark rather than making headlines .wita He still thinks the hearings are a red herring and that politics are a'motive'in the Republican-dominated committee's actions. . . The'red herring charge is-;one Mr Truaian first flung back during the campaign. He contended, then (Continued on Page & Col.~4) Congress Backs Labor, Business Parley On Costs WASHINGTON— UP) — A union- backed proposal that business and labor sit down together and .try-to solve the nation's., inflation ....troubles won congressional support -to- The General Assembly voted 32 j (Continued on Page S, Col. 6) to 0 to continue the U. N. appeal for children another year. All countries were urged to support it: The Assembly approved 33 to 0 a Swedish resolution asking the Security Council to reconsider 12 rejected applications for ,13. N. (Continued on Page 8, Col. 7) Marshall Enjoys Breakfast Court Denies Cop Slayer's Appeal ' ANNAPOLIS, Md..— (/P) — The Maryland Court of Appeals today •upheld a death sentence for Roy Arnold-Wood, convicted cop killer. Wood's '-only, chance to escape WASHINGTON— (IP)— Walter Reed i hanging now is through executive Hospital reported today that Secretary of State Marshall, who under- clemency by Governor . Lane. The 24-year-old bricklayer from went- a kidney operation two days Whitehall, Md., appealed his conviction of murder .in a Baltimore court which, he termed "prejudiced" in a brief composed in his. jail cell. Judge William L. Henderson, who wrote the Court of-Appeals opinion, said the shooting of Patrolman Joseph D. Benedict in Baltimore last Feb. 13 wns premeditated. The proposal came Irom •' the American Federation of Labor, and found approval in the Senate-House Economic Committee 'which., is studying business 1 record profits: The AFL Executive Council, urged such a meeting at its recent convention in Cincinnati, .,..,-,- AFL Economist Nelson H. Cruikshank told 'the committee yeterday he hopes the meeting will be called early next year by President'Tru- man. ' - • Senator Flanders (R-Vt), who ii presiding-.-over- the profits hearing, . said today he would favor a formal committee vote urging Mr. Truman to convene such a conference. The Economic Committee .heard both CIO and AFL spokesmen chide business yesterday for high prices and high profits. Today a witness was asked for the story' ol the profits of 31 oil companies. He is Joseph E. Pope, vice president of the Chase National Eaiik,. B-36 Finishes Round-Trip Test To Honolulu With Useful Bombs By WILLIAM C. BARNARD FORT WORTH, Tev.— (/?)— The biggest bomber has made its greatest flight. The Air Force announced today that its giant pride, a B-36, flew non-stop from Fort Worth to Honolulu aad return, breaking its own record. At 7 p. m, (GST) last- night, 35 hours and more than 8,pOO miles after takeoff time, the great silver ship touched down at this city's Carswell 'Air Field. And it had carried "a 1 "useful bomb load" to the halfway mark, dropping the bombs in the ocean off Honolulu. Brig. Gen. J. B. Montgomery of the Stragetic Air Command made the announcement here—after hours of official silence. "It is the best,the B-36 has ever done, but 'it was a routine training flight—well within the capabilities of the bomber," said the general. "it was in excess of 8,000 miles." 1 Crewed by 15 men, the ship flew from Fort "worth .to Honolulu 'by way of San Diego, Calif., and returned via San Francisco. "From San Francisco, it did not fly directly to Fort Worth." said Montgomery. "It^.flew to the east of Fort Worth and then returned." It was a Pearl Harbor Day flight that began about 8 a. m. (GST) Dec. 7.' Built to carry 10,000 pounds of bombs 10,000 miles, the superbomber staggers the ir.i agination of the public and. the men who fly it. It's as big as three five-room houses and it's 67-foot tail Is as high 'as' :i four-story building. It has groaned into the air at its full gross weight of 278,000 pounds. No other plane ever toted such a load. .•-,'".". Its amazing wings stretch--230 feet—almost the length of-a. football field—and they flap lazily-in' flight. And the '36 is so long—163 feet—its crewmen use a little -scooter on rails to'zip from nose to.tail. Six pusher.engines shove the'snp- erbomber along at better than-350 miles per hour. . • " Hours before the Air Force-made , its announcement, 'there were~tm- ' confirmed, reports of an historic flight. ' ..•-'."*',• But air. officers over the nation remained mum. Montgomery,-based at Offutt Field, • Omaha, Neb-.'-xoade the first announcement to the-'Associated Press in Dallas at 12:47 a. m. (CST)- today. ' •;-'"*" Montgomery happened to be .in (Continued on Page S, Co!.-!)-

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