The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland on March 4, 1947 · Page 1
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The Morning Herald from Hagerstown, Maryland · Page 1

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Tuesday, March 4, 1947
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Good Morning The Red Cro« heedt your support in it* current campaign. MORNING HERALD Sunny> Warmer We've had enough of blizzards for the time being. HAGERSTOWN, MARYLAND," TUESDAY, MARCH 4, 1947. (&)— Means Asiociatad Pre« SINGLE COPY, 5 CENTS. ^^^^ ^^ .— ,. . — ^^*- A» ** ^r^i^io. Snow Drifts Block Highways, Isolate Towns U. S. Pledged To Aid Weak, Truman Says President is Given Thunderous Welcome in Mexico City By ERNEST B. VACCARO Mexico City, March 3 (ff>) — President Truman, welcomed to Mexico with pomp and ceremony, declared tonight that the United States stands squarely behind its commitments to protect weaker countries the world over from oppression. Speaking in the National Palace after a thundering, joyful greeting as his own ambassador of goodwill to this sister republic, the American Chief Executive warned that his country, pledged to non-intervention, can not be indifferent "to what goes on beyond our border." He defined his interpretation of the doctrine of non-intervention to mean that "a strong nation does not have the right to impose its will "by reason of its strength, on a .weaker nation." Mr. Truman spoke after Mexican President Miguel Aleman, extending his warmest welcome, asserted at the close of a state dinner honoring the American visitor: "America's'voice is heard in the choral strain of the countries' of the world with ever more distinct and greater clearness." President Aleman welcomed United States investments "with a proper respect" for Mexican laws because "we have economies that can complement one another fruitfully" and "a mature understanding of your own interests could not oppose the program of our industrialization." "Without specifying conflicts in the past, the Mexican Chief Executive said: "If prejudices have been an obstacle (to inter-American harmony) let us make the education of our children and of our youth a liberation from the inexcusable obstacle." Mr. Truman flew in from Kansas City at 10:58 a. m. (EST) for a three-day good-will visit. His trip got oft auspiciously with cheering crowds throwing flowers in his path as he drove to the U. S. Embassy. At tonight's banquet-reception Mr. Truman said that events in Local Group Is Appointed To Protest Tax Increases Chamber of Commerce to Send Group to Annapolis and Washington to Forcefully Protest Further Boosts in Taxes (Continued on Page 10) Contract Extended By Phone Workers Union Withdraws Strike Notice Pending Negotiations Baltimore. March 3 (/p)—The Maryland Telephone Traffic Union has withdrawn a strike notice and agreed to extend its existing contract with the Chesapeake and Potomac Telephone Company of Baltimore City until July 1, Lucian F. Rye announced today. Rye. U. S. Commissioner of Conciliation, said the union represents about 4.000 telephone operators in the area. He added that, the agreement stipulated that three meetings would be held each week in an effort to negotiate a new pact to replace one which would have expired March 6. There are several issues at stake. Rye said, but he declined to explain them. August B. Haneke. vice-president and general manager of the company, said that to the "best of my knowledge" the report by Rye was correct. Haneke added that he had not received a final report on activities of the session at which the agreement was reached. Meanwhile. Robert T. Beverridge, president of the Telephone Equipment Workers Union -at the Point Breeze plant of the Western Electric Company, intimated that the local situation as it concerned his union was "not so good" and a strike was possible as early as next Mondav. A committee to forcefully protest increases in state and national taxes and to ascertain the justification of various sections of the proposed state and national budgets was appointed by the Hagerstown Chamber of Commerce yesterday following the first general membership meeting of that organization in a number of years. The ten-man committee" is ' expected to first turn its fire on the Annapolis front, with the dele<-a- tion scheduled to appear before legislative committees as soon as the state budget hearings are begun within the next few days This group will join forces with the Retailers' Bureau committee appointed to go to Annapolis to protest the enactment of Governor- Lane's Two Percent Sales Tax Bill The Chamber of Commerce's anti-tax committee will then add its voice to the movement for cuts.in taxes on a national scale in the Federal government. In its studies of the two budgets the Chamber group will collaborate with the Maryland Expenditure Council, which has trained personnel to cope with the maze of figures and ^subjects. The ten-man committee was appointed following the unanimous approval of the Chamber members who attended the meeting yester- day. A lengthy and spirited discussion of the state and national financial situations was conducted during the meeting. Discussion was begun by reference to Senator Tyding's Sunday radio'address, in which Maryland's senior Senator said he favors cuts in the national debt rather than cuts in taxes at the present time. Hubert Schindel was appointed by President H. L. Mills to be chairman of the new Chamber committee. Members of the committee are: H. L. Mills, Park Loy, Dr. Victor Miller, Donovan Beachley, Leo Miller, Herman Hoopee, H. S. Douglas, Fred Wright, and Walter Pollard. Jr. At yesterday's meeting, C. ROD- ert Dean, manager of the Hagerstown Chamber, reported on the activities of the organization during the past year. Among the outstanding projects during the year, he said, were: Four new industries brought to iiagerstown; fire prevention week projects carried out; Baltimore businessmen's goodwill lour of local plants; many committee activities; and increases in the general membership. A number of by-law changes to increase the efficiency of the Chamber were also approved by the-membership. Court Delays Coal Decision High Tribunal Takes Up Case of James C. .. Petrilfo Washington. March 3 (/P)— The Supreme Court took on the case of James C. PetriJlo today but passed 'up another opportunity to rule on John L. .Lewis. It agreed to review litigation involving the constitutionality of the Lea Aot. which was passed especially to control the activities of Petrillo. head of the ,AFL Federation of Musicians. Meanwhile it let another opinion day go. by without a decision on the government's injunction against last November's coal mine strike and the contempt convictions against Lewis and his United Mine Workers for disregard of that order. The delay put heavy new pressure of time, on a situation already pushing against a deadline. That deadline is March 31 in calling off last December's coal mine strike after his contempt conviction, Lewis directed his men to work until that date. .There is no assurance the miners will .dig coal after that unless there is a .new agreement. Lewis himself indicated that he expected to work out a new contract in the light of Supreme Court findings and a large segment of the industry has opposed dealing with him before the Supreme Court speaks With only three more opinion days to come before the deadline -March 10. 17 and 31— the parties generally had, looked for a Supreme Court decision today. The PetriHo case wa? acc by the court directly from the Fed- t Court ^ Chicago. the Lea Act unconftl- Sweep Is Scored By Progressives The Progressive ticket scored a clean sweep yesterday in a Wil- Hamsport election for three councilmen that was marked by energetic campaigning for both tickets and an unusually heavy vote. Naomf Harsh Taylor, with 369 votes, F. Holland McCardell. 354 votes, and E. Lloyd Lemen. 32S votes, were elected to the three posts. Their opponents on the Citizen?' ticket were L. Beard Miller, 217 votes. I. Gaver Beard. 17S votes, and Richard H. Gruber. 142 votes. A total of 534 persons voted, representing 65 per cent of the registration. < The law. passed by the last Congress. forbids any one to compel broadcasters to hire more em- ployes than are needed "to perform actual services." Petrillo was accused of violating the law by calling a strike in support of a demand that station \VA\F i n Chi cago employ three musicians the station said it did no.t need. Bride Shoots Self In Bed As Husband Reads Comic Book Cincinnati. March year-olci bride of three weeks wounded fatally by a shotgun blast early today in the bedroom of her home where her 16-year-old hu<=- band sat nearby Vending 'a comic book. Mrs. Sheddlyene Hess tiled in the receiving v, an t of a hospital am i Detective Chief Clem M m said Alby Hess, the husband, (old him he and his, wife went to their bedroom at her parents' home shortly after midnight. Hess began reading a comic book and his wife told him it was time to go to bed. r told her I would join her as soon as I finished the story 1 was .oadmg," Merz quoted the husband. id he looked up a minute — An 1S- was adding: WRS o bed with a shotgun pressed" the her stomach. A moment later the youth told Men. the gun On Bigger Cut Senate Vofe of Four and Half Billion Slash Held Too Low Washington. March 3 (^—Differences between Senate and House Republicans on fiscal policy came sharply into the open today as the Senate voted a $4,500,000,000 budget slash and Speaker Martin (R- Mass) announced the House leadership will insist on a $6.000.000,000 cut. The Senate resolution was passed 64 .to 20 with every Republican on the floor supporting it except Senator Morse of Oregon. The Senate adopted its lower figure principally with a view to safeguarding the military estimates. President Truman proposed ?37..500,000,000 for all Government spending in the year starting July 1. But Martin promptly issued a statement authorized by the House Republican steering committee declaring that the $6..0GO,000.000 cut which the House voted can be made "without endangering national defense or security or sacrificing other essential services of government," The statement also re-emphasized a determination to cut income taxes 20 per cent. The Senate resolution bore a commitment to apply 52.600.000.000 of any surplus revenue to reduce the na-- tional debt. The House promised to apply only an unspecified "portion" of surplne revenues on the $259.000.000.000 public debt . Neither did it vote, as the Senate did. to turn all money received from the sale of surplus war goods into debt cancellation. This latter provision, approved by the Senate in adopting an amendment by Senator Wherry (R-Nebl. left the amount of debt cutting in doubt. Wherry said he intended these receipts to fall within the 52.600.000,000 figure, but a coalition led by Senator Tydings (D-Md) killed off an amendment that would have spelled this out. The amount of possible tax cuts also remained in doubt, although Senator Taft (R-Ohio) told reporters he thinks there will be room between expected revenues and expenses for both a"S2.600,000.000 payment, on the debt and the use of $3.500.000.000 to slice individual income taxes an average of 20 per cent. STRIKE CALLED OFF Lansford. Pa.. March 3 (#>)— The general mines committee of the Panther Valley today called off a three-week-olrt strike of 6.000 miners. Civil Appeal Case Is Tried In Court The court ruled in favor of the plaintiff, sustaining the decision of Magistrate E. G. Miller, in a civil suit tried in circuit court here yesterday by Judge Joseph D. Mish. George \V. Chaney, 'defendant, was ordered to pay damages of 583.20 to Clayton Troupe, plaintiff. The suit was the outcome of an automobile, accident. Attorney Lert Miller represented Troupe, while Attorney Kvan Crossley represented Chaney. N'o ollu.r riril yases are scheduled to be tried until Wednesday. Federal Draft Law Will Die On March 31st Renewal Will be Sought If Volunteer Recruiting Fails By WILLIAM R. SPEAR Washington, March 3 (/?)— President Truman told Congress today to let the draft law die March 31 .but gave notice a renewal will be sought later if voluntary recruiting fails to keep 1,641,000 men under arms. The Army announced simultaneously that it will discharge the 100:000 draftees remaining in its ranks—those in this country by May 15, those overseas by June Wrecked Officers' Club In Jerusalem 30—making teer force. it an entirely vohm- The Navy already has released all its draftees. Actually no men have been drafted since last October, but the expiration of the act March 31 will mean: 1. Young men no longer will have to register upon reaching their ISth birthday. 2. The 40,000,000 oldsters already registered can tear up the registration cards they have been required to carry in their pockets. 3. the 6,442 local draft boards probably will go out of business entirely, although their status was not made clear immediately, and many of the 7,641 full-time and 1.457 part-time employes on the Selective Service payrolls will be released. 4. Any incentive 1o enlisting which the mere existence of the draft law provided, with its latent threat that, young men might be drafted, will be removed. The Army's strengtn is to be 1,070,000 after June 50. The President's message said that lossesr through separations will be 30.000 a month and that the Army "can count with a fair degree of certainty on an average of 20,000 enlistments and re-enlistments" monthly. This would make a deficit of 120,000 one year hence, the message continued, but "there is a reasonable expectation that better results may foe obtained." "With a recent brightening in recruiting prospects, this appears (Continued on Page 10) Lilienthai Hearings Will Be Ended Today McKellar to be Given Time-to Present More Evidence Washington, March 3 (/P)—The Senate Atomic Energy Committee voted late today to close the David E. Lilienthai confirmation hearings tomorrow. Senator McKellar (D.-Tenn.) will be given an hour and a half to complete presenting evidence in opposition to the nominee for chairman of the Atomic Energy- Commission. Then the hearings, which started Jan. 27. will close. Chairman Hickenlooper (R.-la.) made the announcement after a closed session of the committee. McKeiler still was asking Lilien- thai questions as today's hearing recessed to permit the members to attend a Senate session. The committee plans a closed meeting with Lilienthai and the other four nominees to the Commission tomorrow afternoon. Hickenlooper said matters involving security and liaison will be discussed then. He said he thought the committee could reach a vote by Wednesday or Thursday. During today's committee session. McKellar subjected Lilienthai to a grilling which brought protests from Hickenlooper and the exclamation from Senator Vandenberg (R.-Mich.) that "this is outrageous." •> At one point McKellar recalled done his "damndest" to keep from accepting President Truman's nomination. "It now looks to me." the 'Senator observed, "like you're doing your damndest to get confirmed." With some heat. Lilienthai replied that he is "not here as an applicant for a job" and declared: "1 want to make it clear that it will by no means break my heart it" thn Senate gives me an honorable discharge." BEER TAX KILLED Charleston, \V. Vn., Mar. 3 (/p)— With President Arnold M. Yirkers (D-Fayette) joining the opposition, the Senate today killed a bill proposing a one-cent-per-bottle tax on beer by a vote of 16 to 16. f of the wreckage of a British officer's club in Jerusalem after a bomb blast whl,-h SI'. I f L' ^"li^T 1 ™™.i" * '"'«- MM ;h. b h ,t «. 'on'. o?'f sS „?£ Whlch a tOUi ° £ 19 1)ei ' so » s Picture taken by Associated Press ,.. „. .- — ~ ""•-' <"• j-^ I'ciouiis wcie h.Hieu. ncuue taKen nv Assopiat* r lorn Fitzairnmons. (Picture radioed from Jerusalem to London and retrans"mitted York). to New Stalin Gives Up Position As Head Of Armed Forces 'Excessive Pressure of Main Work' Given as Reason for Resigning—Politically Astute Marshal Bulganin Assumes Post London, March 3 (ff>) — Prime Minister Stalin, after six years as comnlander of the* vast Russian military organization, resigned his post as Minister of the Armed Forces today because of {he "excessive pressure of his main work" and handed the job to politically astute Marsha! Nikolai Alexandrovich Bulganin, the Moscow radio said tonight. The change in the t.op military command came as the Soviet Union gradually deemphasizing military activities and demobilizing millions of soldiers to enter industry and speed up the Nation's current five year plan. Stalin stepped out of the military office only a week before the Four Power Foreign Ministers Conference was scheduled to open in Moscow. The brief radio announcement, recorded here by the Soviet Monitor. 'gave "pressure" of, other work as Stalin's only reason for relinquishing'one of his many state posts. However, the tremendous task of guiding Russian Military Forces through the war with Germany undoubtedly tired the 67-year-old Stalin, who has repeately been reported ill since the end of the war. He was away from Moscow when the Soviet Union celebrated his 67th birthday last Dec. 2], but when he returned from his vacation it was said he was in normally good health for a man of his age. Stalin, who retains his post as Prime Minister, also will continue as a member of the Presidium, General Secretary of the Central Committee of tbe Communist Party, head of the powerful Politburo and of the Orgburo. the latter the supervising organization of the Communist Party. Draft Evader Asks Jail Private Room Detroit, March 3 |';P)—Pleading 'guilty to draft evasion charges, William Pigrum, 27, explained today he had heard reports soldiers were forced to carry 1,000-pound packs on their backs. "I only weigh 120 pounds and. besides, J'vt got an aching back." FBI Agent Harry T. O'Connor quoted him. Pigrum told Federal Judge Ernest A. O'Brien he wouldn't mind going to jail "if I can have a private room." Number Of Bold Robb enes Might Be Solved Soon A number of safe robberies in Washington county and in nearby areas, together with a number of other larcenies, are expected to be solved when county, state and city- police conclude questioning of a number of suspects at the county jail within the next few days. Questioning was continued all (lay yesterday. More persons were State Rent Control Fate Is Uncertain Bolton Soys End of Controls Will End Housing Shortage Annapolis, Md., March 3 (#>)—A State Rent Control Act for Maryland was saved from defeat tonight, although still facing an uncertain fate, after the longest debate of the 1.947 session. By a vote of 19 to 10. the Senate agreed to send the much-argued measure back to its Judiciary Committee, for some patching before it comes up for another vote. Senator Ellison (R-Balto 4th) made a vigorous plea against killing his bill which had been reported unfavorably mittee. by the com- PAY INCREASED Washington. March 3 —The Senate today agreed to a 20 ppr cent increase in the 28-yeflr-okl pay scale for radets at the service academies, ft passed and sent to the House a bill making the pay $78 a monf.h. ha " >™ v ">" sl >Sheriff Joseph Raker said developments have beon very encour- Just as strongly did Chairman Bolion (D-BaHo county) argue for a quick death, contending that the end of controls would mean the end of housing shortage in Maryland. For almost two hours the contrasting arguments on rent control echoed over the Senate floor while an interested gallery listened and sometimes applauded 'the supporters of the measure. KHison led off after the committee's report was announced, seeking to have the bill itself put a.cingr. and it. is hoped an announce- on the floor rather than hav e the ment can be made soon. Jewelers Set Up Own Corporation Xfcw York. March 3 (/P)—Formation of the Federated Jewelers Corporation with headquarters here was announced today by operators of 54 rPtail stores in seven Southern states. The corporation is designed to centralize to a large extent advertising, warehousing, distribution, purchasing and sales promotion activities for the member stores, which have .cross sales of more than ?12.000.000 annually. The stores are in Maryland. Virginia. Tennessee. Georgia, North Carolina, South Carolina and Florida, unfavorable report accepted. He pointed out that his bill was drafted only to he effective if federal rent controls are removed. KHison Told the Senate that it controls are lifted, a serious emergency \vouhl exist an ( { "hundreds of thousands 1 ' of persons, a majority of thpm in Baltimore, would face eviction wiihoot new places to go. Open Warfare In Palestine Five Hand Grenades are Hurled Through British Office Jerusalem. March ..3 .(/P.)— Five hand grenades were hurled into a British 'military office at Haifa tonight, shortly after the Jewish underground organization Irgun Zvai Leiimi proclaimed that "open warfare exists in Palestine." A British announcement said there were no casualties in the grenade attack. Irgun claimed that it had successfully attacker! British Army camps at Pet ah Tiqua and Hadera, in retaliation against the imposition of martial law on more than a third of Palestine's 600,000 Jews. There was no confirmation by the British of there claims. Petah Ticiua, seven miles "east of the all- Jewish city of Tel Aviv, is in one of the martial law zones. Hadera, 25 miles north of Tel Aviv, still is free from military rule. Pamphlets signed by Irgun telling of the purported attacks said "all our soldiers returned safely from recent operations, and we now declare that open warfare exists in Palestine." The pamphlets reiterated that Irgun accepted the responsibility for the explosion Fiturday at? a British officers club in Jerusalem. The Palestine Post, Jewish owned newspaper here, said it had received an anonymous telephone call saying Jrgun "soldiers" would attack two British security zones in Jerusalem tonight. Lt. Gen. G. H. A. MacMillan. commander of British troops In Palestine, told his headquarters staff tonight that "there is no question of the Army in Palestine being at war, with the Jewish population or anyone else." Schools Again Remain Closed In TlieCounly Trains Derailed, Autos Buried, Absenteeism Grows Monday Road conditions in Washington county became worse than ever last night, as strong winds whipped up the. weekend snow, closed once again the majority of roads here, and isolated many small communities. The drifts derailed trains, buried automobiles, closed schools again today, caused a large percentage of absenteeism in industry, and reached a depth of ten feet or more in places. School officials, who had delayed until early yesterday morning the decision to close schools yesterday, announced last night that there will be no classes again today—the fourth day ou- which schools have been closed because of road conditions in two weeks. There was no indication whether the schools would reopen .tomor- ro \v. Both state and county roads departments were fighting a desperate but losing battle with the drifts. State Roads Commission workers were keeping open Routes 40 and 11, the main arteries of traffic her£, but it was touch and go with other state-maintained roads. Ralph T. Thayer. resident engineer, said that the Letters- burg and Smithsburg pikes were open late last night, with his men hard at work throughout the county. ... ______ ,. R oads .Blow Shut The high winds were also ruining the efforts of county .roads depart/ ment workmen. "As fast as we open a road, it blows shut again." a spokesman said. Skortly before midnight, an expeditionar}' force was heading toward Maugansville, in an effort to clear path for a bus to that isolated community. and more equipment was breaking a way through the Cearfoss pike. At least one car disappeared altogether in the drifts. It became stuck in the Benevola section, and when a towing triKk from this city went to find it, it had completely vanished under, the snow. Two dozen passengers arrived in Hagerstown late yesterday afternoon six hours after their scheduled arrival here on the morning train' from Harrisburg over ("Continued on Page 2) CARS DERAILED Three oars of a Pennsylvania freight were derailed early today at the Virginia avenue crossing and persons at the scene said one of the cars, containing sugar,'over* In his first address to the staff since he assumed command last month, the general added "the function of the Army is to assist the police in maintaining law and or-, der. as the police force alone is insufficient, in the present circumstances/' Meanwhile the Jewish agency, warning of the possibility of "absolute anarchy and chaos/' demanded that Britain define terms of martial law imposed yesterday. With approximately 250.000 Jews isolated from the rest of the world. Jewish and British sources agreed that the indefinite continuation of the military rule would result m financial ruin for the area affected. Fire In Basement Soon Extinguished Fire xhich started in th e basement of the residence at 31S North Prospect street was put out early this morning by three fire companies which responded. The blaze was confined to the furnace room and was believed to have been caused by an orerheated furnace. The flames went up the walls and to the ceiling of the basement room while some smoke entered the first floor rooms of the house. Firemen using two booster tanks were able to extinguish th blaze Highway Conditions Hamper Fund Drive $3600 Reported on First Day of Red Cross Campaign In spite of the bad weather which severely handicapped canvassers and temporarily brought work in the county to a complete halt, the Red Cross yesterday opened its 1947 campaign for $22.000 with reports totaling ?3600. Tn j view of the difficulties which had patched to the. scene. turned. A wrecking crew was dis- vithin a nal f hour after it started „_.-!.-,._ .,. i at 12:15 o'clock this morning. The house was occupied by Mrs. Viola Stockslager and others. The Pioneers, Juniors and First Hose responded. An occupant of the place BUS ON FIRE A fire in the engine of A city bus in Public Square was extinguished by firemen yesterday afternoon. discovered. Little damage resulted. to be overcome, drive officials were well pleased with these results and look for a much improved report on Thursday noon provided they get a little better cooperation from the weather man. High division in the general canvass group was the Eastern, headed by Mrs. Whitelegg. Her workers accounted for $456 in their first report. Snow blocked roads prevented the arrival of the day's speaker from Newton D. Baker Hospital and Father Simon Kenney of St. Mary's Church substituted. Father Kenney who served as chaplain with the 12th. Field Artillery in the Third Army and saw extended sen-ice in the European Theatre spoke of his experience with the Red Cross and was high ir, his praise of the organization. He touched briefly on its various services to men in the armed forces and the need for continuance of those services. Campaign Chairman A. S. Bendell. Jr.. expressed confidence in the outcome of the campaign but urged workers to redouble their efforts to make up for the time lost due to the weather. General Canvass Chairman Massey Roe also spoke' brifly pointing out that in addition to the weather difficulties it had taken longer than in some previous years to complete the campaign organization. He also expressed full confidence in completion of the job by next Monday. Miss Irene Middlekauff, southern division captain, has announced the following as constituting her team: Mesdames J. G. N'cwcomer, John Resk. L E. Welch, Olivia Martz, Earl Schlotterbeck, John Hbnoshowski. Douglas Fletcher, Allen Secor. and Miss Minerva South.

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