The Times-Democrat from New Orleans, Louisiana on January 17, 1899 · Page 3
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The Times-Democrat from New Orleans, Louisiana · Page 3

New Orleans, Louisiana
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 17, 1899
Page 3
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n mi m Cotton Has a Light Case Grip. Speculation Lags While Operators Watch movement of Crop. Persistent Prediction of Ap proaching: Exhaustion. 5ew Tark Chronicle Says Crop Has Been Overestimated. Stock and Grain Markets Strong, While Manchester Eeporti Are Glowing. Third Fisherman Master. I Barrel bow the nsh-a lire In tbc sea. First Fisherman-Why, aa men da a -land the great ones eat np the little ones. Pericles. Act 11. Scene 1, The observer of yesterday's markets could hardly fall to reach the conclusion that poor cotton had a walking caae of grip. There were all the symptoms of tbe disease be heart-broken look, the dead-and-alive style of locomotion, and the completely knocked In appearance The attending physicians refused to ex press a decided opinion on the case, beyond the general statement that the pa tient was "doing as well as could be ex pected nnder the circumstances," and wonld recover. If it should turn out that no vitsl organ bad been attacked. Thfs, be It understood, was only the opinion of the majority of the doctors. The minor! ty considered the case most desperate, and were In favor of using the methods of Ksngrsdo, at once. . Indeed, the market was so utterly list less ion out cannot easily determine what the exact tone may have been. Pouietlrnes It seemed firm, sometimes It seemed weak, sometimes It seemed both. In truth, ons was strongly reminded of the answer returned fcy Jay Gould, when Interrogated by a committee of (ingress as to bit politics: "Mr. Chairman, when I am in a Republican district, I am a Republican; when I am In a Democratic district, I am a I eurocrat; when 1 am lu a doubtful district, il am doubtful." Liverpool waa In the dumps, apot sales being 12,01)0 at 1-UJd decline, while futures were l-64th lower. New York opened at S.73 to 6.74 for May, and closed at the same price, after a fluctuation of three points. The closing on Saturday was B.i . to 5. .. On the other band, October and November were one point, and December three points higher. New Orleans closed two to three points lower on all positions. May contracts In this market 6.35 to 5.38. The movement Is liberal, considering the character of the prevailing weather. The deliveries from Texas, however, continue to be on a very moderate scale. For today, New Orleana expects 18.000 to 20,000, against 21,000 in lhUH and 16.000 In 1805. The estimate for Houston Is 7300 to 7500, as against 12, 2.' 2 in 181W and 15,192 tn 1895. The receipts at all porta for the first three days of the week have been t7.423 bales, as compared with b8,575 In 18M8, and 73,734 In 18115. The question whether this movement Is heavy or light by comparison with the two years in ques tion can only be determined when the figures of the semi-weekly movement at the Ulterior towns shall be posted. After a wild opening, the New York slock market underwent a considerable reaction. The volume of transactions was enormous. The more conservative houses seem to have Inaugurated a movement to curb the wild freuiy of the public, and an effort in that direction must be considered very timely. Indeed. Fortunately, the tremendous advance of the last two weeks has occurred, for the most part, lu the really solid stocks, like Burlington. St. l'aul and Hock Island. 11 any issues have varied but little for weeks past. The true theory of the commission brokers Is to hold the market, until investors gradually take over the stocks which specula tort have been carrying. This may involve a moderate shrinkage In some of the standard' stocks, but' there is no present res so a for a collapse. In most cases where there has been a considerable advance. It will be found that there has been a radical change In the surroundings of the property. For example, Louisville and Nashville has advanced 26 points from'the prices made iu the depths of the depression. In the meanwhile, the stock lias gone ou the dividend list, at the rate of three per ceut per annum, and the entire status of the road hag undergone a transformation, Whcu Burlington sold at 53, It was 'paying at least a ijoj-tiou of the 4 per cent dividend, out of surplus; Bow the annual dividend of 0 per cent is more than earned, and it is expected that the refunding of the company's mortgage Indebtedness will effect a saving UiU-cleut to add 2 per cent annually to the dividend. Many other Instances of a similar Character might be cited to show that, while the advance iu stocks has been tremendous, it has not been without the most solid reasons, so far as the standard shares are concerned. As regards cotton, the -heart of the mystery" lies In "the proportion of the crop that has been marketed to date. The proportion of the crop brought Into sight to Jan. 1 for the last ten years has been as follows: 1SI7 8. 65.15; lS0ft-7, 73.U5; 1-itttl, .: 1W 5, 70.04; 18t 4, 72.40; 1123. 71-Vl; 1NI1 2. 71.34: ISlsM. 07.S9; 7T.: lvj8. . 71.52. Now the amount of the present crop in sight ou Iec. 31 was 7,72.".4: bales. If the movement has been as rapid as it was in lssy 1-'. inr rn'p noma oe IO.-13.iSSJ DM les. If it has been as slow as it was last year, the result wonld be bales. The average of the ten years would make the present crop 10.tUO.100 bales. So It will be seen that there Is still a very pretty Held for conjecture. The following letters will give a very clear idea of the situation as it appears to thoroughly well-informed and entirely responsible people in the country: ''Augusta, Ga., Jan. 14. We have your In-tmwnttnf letter of 12th instant, and thank yon for same. The situation wbicb yon present regarding the amdiked cotton is quite Hh same aa with ua. eaoept ttiac the amooot of oo-pirked cotton in our territory is now not to he eonaldered of much, consequence either as to quantity or quality, aa it has rained the past weak almost cootlnnoiwljr. and what there was his been largely lost. Pb stocks In tne interior towna are prac-tioally nothing. We have taken the pains to make Inquiries- at, each point is, me Ufty or tor towwa where we have connections), and tba majority of them iiave nothing, and a wall nurooer of bem bare from H to 23 per cent of laat year's slot k at this time. None of them have aa mo. -a aa SO per cent of last year. "We think that the outturn In Alabama, (rtotfli and Uaa Oaroltnaa will be fully 10 per can lass than laat year a, and tba tendency aMr tss arm annate. j Ta stock la tola slty Is about lfi.000 balsa less than at ssaie tints last year. Forty per rest of present stock is compressed, and, therefore, will not be offered la mis market to oar mills, ss the latter will not hoy com pressed cotton. Twenty per cant of the stock is held by such people aa Rail! Bros., who srw able to carry It mora cheaply here than at other points, and it will, probably, be shipped out during the spring and summer, to fill the): engagements abroad. "Our mille are very poorly supplied, and. therefore, the prospects of a scramble ben for cotton before long will be strong. "Atiguata immediate territory, comprising a ramus of arty to sixty miles, will be short of last yesr's yield fully 25 per cent, or more "Onr receipts np to this time do not reflect Mils probable difference,, because errors of last year were corrected In a lump after this time wbereaa all errors this season, beginning Sept. 1, have been corrected at tba end of each week. Therefore, we seem to have received more than the final yield will abow np. Waco, Tex., Jan. 12: "There Is nothing doing In this market, oa account of the very bad weather we have bad for the past two or three weeks. Receipts are very light, and In dicate exhaustion In tela section. In fact, I am more firmly convinced every day of the almost absolute exhaustion la Central Texas I have never seen so little cotton held In the country at this time, and I am told that tbii condition exists la a n amber of other places. Winona, Mlsa., Jan. 16: "Toa will find tn the Tasoe- Delta only one-half of the crop gathered, and oe labor to pick balance. - On account of extreme weather, labor will not go to the swamp to pick the crop, as their experience In December waa that they -could not pick more than one day In three." Boo ham. Tax.. Jan. 14: "I notice la your letter of 12th that tba possible amount of the Interior stocks sre cutting aoue figure with the bolls. I don't know how they sre lu other parts of the belt, but la Kortb Texas, snd ss far west as Fort Worth tand Including the Indian Territory) the stocks on band are lighter than they have been for years. have been over the district in question, snd know this to be s fact. There Is about 10 per cent In the field to be gathered yet. find there Is nothing of consequence held by gianers and farmers In this section. Our receipts at thia point have been about 27,000 bales, and there are not more than 600 bales In the yards. Kot more than fifty bales of that are stored." If these views should be borne out by the general movement, there must be a "perpendicular drop" that will startle, the trade. The opinions of the writers of the letters quoted above are confirmed by one of the most prominent cotton factors of this city who has Juat returned from a visit to the country tributary to this point. He reports that be saw less cotton at railway stations, gins and cotton houses than be ever observed before, at thia season of the year. In the opinion of this very competent and entirely trast- worthy observer, the crop has been moved with unexampled rapidity, in consequence of a number of lnterdepeLdent causes, chief among which waa the general belief that a second monster crop would render cotton, to all Intents and purposes, un salable. One of the most significant straws ef the time Is found in the following opiu lour, of the New York Commercial and Financial Chronicle: 'A notable improvement, which we have re ferred to on previous occasions but which has farther developed ,thia waek, la a change In toe tendency and condition of the cotton mar ket. The turn now establ:a).ed marks a com plete transition from a llfsiess demand and a continued decline, which ws the condition only a few months sgo, to sctlva baying and n ten dency upward. Southern producers might last aa well aa not have had their ataple In tins better ahape all the time. They preferred to play with ailver, endanger our atandard of values, destroy industrial prosperity, tie np a Urge number of onr cotton spindles, and so make their chief product a drag. Some no doubt will say the lifeless demand and con stant decline were the result of overproduc tion. Yea, of course it was overproduction not brought about, though, by raising toe much cotton, but by diminishing our spinners' eon sumption through s contraction the silver scare produced la the natural demand for cotton goods. We proved that over- and over again while spinners were suffering and cotton was declining, by abewlng that the ordinary growth in the United States In spinnera' takings added to the growth Earope was abowlng would have left laat year a decrease in the visible supply of cotton Instead of an increase. Now that the old industrial lethargy and depression have passed and cotton goods hare at length begun to feel the inspiriting influence ot the industrial revival, cotton a 1 moat last of all has got ia the swim' too. It may be claimed tbat thia change la due to the frusta and bad weather aiace the 1st of Sep tember, Which have lessened the yield ot cotton. Tbat conclusion is in part justified. And yet In onr opinion the frost and bad weather have had leas Influence oa the product than those who made big estimates s short time since would have us believe; It looks aa If they ere seeking by overdoing the frost damage to gracefully creep out of the error they got ruto bv their extreme sanguine forecasts. The prob abilities sre this crop has been overestimated II along. Whea we made up our crop state ment in September we, as canal, atadied the queatlon of yield, and tn that report (aee Cot ton .Supplement of Sept. 101 aummartted tr5 situation briefly; those facta gave no warrant for aa ' increased product. The next week. bile reviewing In the 'Financial Bttnatloa' (Chronicle Sept. 17. page 6S5 the Agricultural Department's September figures of condition snd comparing tbenj with lower figures for September, 1997. we added at the close 'Is this ease, however, the comparison (with September. 1W7 Is without doubt misleading as an Indication of the relative yield In the two years, for there can be no question that the present crop will be smaller than tbat of last year; That wie tne result our investiga tions at that time led ns to; In onr crop report we snmmarixed the facts obtained and the next week stated the conclusion the facts seemed to authorise. There has of course been some kiss from frost, etc.. In the amount of stsple gathered since, but the loss la more largely In quality than In number of bales. there being a good neal of trashy cotton on toe market. Aside from all this, however, the better ahape the market for cotton goods is now in, and the promise tbat aa spring opens spinners' consumption will assume larger 'pro portions, makes ft look aa If a ralr price for the Southern staple was one of the happy events the future bad in store for the country. At the seme time we think It sn equally as- snred prospect that comparatively low prices for cotton hsve come to stay. The Manchester report of yesterday cave tLe following very cheering infor mation to the bulls: "After several weeks of qnl-tness, the last week has seen an Important business revival, and a large accumulation of orders, waiting for lower prices, has been placed at prices quite satisfactory. In yarns, twist was rather asier. and woof was strong and scarce. In cloth, a good miscellaneous export busi ness was done. India and China leading the list, though South America was also good buyer. The home trade showed decided improvement, with a promising outlook in this so far rather neglected department. Advices from the continent show a rather mixed situation. Gladuarh reports plenty of work, but prices un profitable; Aegisburg very satisfactory engagements for six and nine months; Mulhouse. tine cottons very satisfactory. nd some large mllla winding tip. while Rouen tells of good business, fully equal to last week's figures." To sum up: the trade la Just now await ing developments in the movement of the crop. Trade kt extremely good, almost without exception, although speculation lags. The sustained strength of the mar kets for grain and provisions gives assurance that the coming crop will not be planted on a .Vcent bnsis of cost of pro duction. Cotton I one of the Tery few commodities that have not greatly shared In the general appreciation of values, and uy trustworthy evidence of a general tendency toward reduced acreage would lruost inevitably broaden the market. he bears are still confident, but thev re not nearly so fierce as they were a month ago. Nevertheless, the. bulls have bad their horns sawed off so frequently. that they are Inclined to re mala in the depths of the forest until some assurance of safety shall be given. It would. Indeed. be strange if it were otherwise, in viejw of the bitter experience of the last lour memorable years. CITY HALL. , Civil Service Commissioners. The Board of Civil Service Commission ers met at 8 o'clock last evening, Vic President Alcee Fortler presiding, and Messrs. Young, Assistant Examiner PlerCe and Secretary Bowman present., The session was devoted only to the transaction of routine business, a ftp: which there" was an adjournment. THE ILLINOIS CENTRAL PROPOSITION There was to have been a meeting c: the committee on streets and landings last evening for the purpose of consider Ing the proposition of the Illinois Cen tral Railroad Company, the Louisville and Nashville's switch track privileges and the various belt railroad schemes but the session was postponed until 7:30 o'clock this evening, when members of the different exchanges, representatives of the various railroad companies and the public generally will be present. A number of interested persona were at the hall last evening, but were told by Watchman Lester that there would be no meeting until to-night. CITY BOARD OF HEALTH. There will be a meeting of the com mittee on health Monday evening next. at which the following communication from President Kohnke of the Municipal Board of Health will be considered: "An ordinance providing for the pa ment to tbe Beard of Health of $5000 to meet its portion of the cost of special sanitary work now being done conjoint ly by the Marine Hospital Service and the board was laid over -by the nuance committee of tbe Council at tbe last meeting yesterday evening. Tbe Board of Health has already incurred expenses in tms work, ana win continue to do so tf some assurance can be bad from the Council that the ordinance will pass. But, speaking for the board, I submit that it is unrair to expect tne cost oi tnis work to be borne by the board out of its normal revenues, which are already in adequate for routine work. 1 ask tha some expression of the Council be ha to-niaht which mar aive reasonable et eouragement to the board to iwoceed. Thi next meeting ot the Council would too late to consider adversely this ord nance, ine work in question la consi ered important enough to be strongiy urged by the board, earnestly advised by the State Board of Health and hearti ly indorsed and assisted by tbe Marine Hospital Service, which furnishes the greater portion of the coat. The value of this meaecre of protection lies la Its being applied witnout delay. ROYAL STREET PAVING. The Comptroller bas sent to the Coun cil notice of expiration ot publication of the petition of property owners on Royal street for paving that street from Canal to st. Louia. WANTS TO LEASE CITT PROPERTY. Mr. L. P. Roupriih has petitioned the Mayor and Council for the lease of city property on riouuy street, between Deia runue ana i'eiican avenue. KILLED BV ELECTHICITV. Joha Poraoroux Had Hold of Wire That Touched a Live Ire. John romoroux, a young man, aged twenty-eight years, employed as a line man for the Cumberland Telephone and Telegraph, was shocked to death at 5 o'clock yesterday evening while at work at the corner of Lrufossat and Prytania 1'onioroux, with a gang of men, was stringing the wires of the Cumberland Telephone and Telegraph Company at that corner. Seme of tbe men were on the ground and some on tbe poles. Ponio- roux was one oi tnose on tne ground, and was uncoiling a lot of the wire from the roll. While holding the wire in his hand it came in contact with a live wire of the Edison Flectric Light Compan.j. nt oeing grounded, rne enoca went through ills body, killlnir him Instahtlv. His hands were severely burned bv the wire he was hildlng and which sent the electricity :nto bis body. Bv order of the coroner his body was turned over to bis tamiiy auu taken to ills late residence on St. Claude street, near St. Roch aveaneL ueoeased leaves a mother, two brotl ers and several sisters. IS AUM I'OISOOl Sf Whitens the Baker's Bread, hat Plays Havoc with tbe stomach f the toiiimrr. Alum la nsed Ivy many bakers to wbitcf their bread, enabling them to use an inferior flour, and it is also employed a a cheap substitute for cream of tartar la the manufacture of baking powder. It use In bread and baking powder is very detrimental to health, producing dyspepl sia and obstinate constipation, and uui tier certain conditions of the human sysi lent results in poisoning. hat these ondltions are so far as each Individual W concerned can only lie surmised: some peculiarity of the system producing 4 uiorbid ensnue In the secretions of th4 stomach with which the alum combines and forms an active noisou: or. the w cretions may be healthy but in abnormal proportions, and these lesser or greater proportions iu combination with the alum constitute a poison just as two parts of mercury nnd two parts chlorine form calomel, which Is not poisonous while one part of mercury and two pans of chlorine yield corrosive subllmateL whic u is a most deadly poisan. THE MtXICIPAL IMPROVEMENT ASSOCIATION. Tbe Times-Democrat received yesterday the following letter from Mr. K. H, Kohnke: ."New Orleans. Jan. 10, 1899. To the Editor of Tbe Tl mes-Democra t : fitt Referring to an alleged interview w me on the subject of the Illinois Central grant. Municipal -Improvement Associa tion and belt railroad, printed in Snndayw Times-Democrat, permit me to sav that you have been grossly deceived by soin one. No aueh iuterview ever took placi were I to hold such an onluinii of tli association as expressed in supposed i terview. It would hardly be the proper tning tor me to continue as a memtier q same. K. '. hOU.MiK. The reporter of The Times-Democrat made a slight mistake iu initials. The interview was with Dr. (J. Kohnke. insteafl of E. F. Kohnke. Both Dr. Kohnke anil his brother are members of the Municipal mprovtraent Association, ana mis iel to tbe confusion. Dr. Kohnke. who. besides being a member of the Municipal Ini- provement Association. Is slso president of the New Orleans Board of Health, arid was lately a member of the City CouncB. declares that the report in Tbe Times- Democrat is a correct statement of the Interview had with him. as he is not "jn sympathy with the policy-of obstruction to such legislation as will give the rail roads all the facilities they needj" The interview should have been credit ed to J. Kohnke, instead of E. Kohnke. RIVAL STOREKEEPERS FIGHT The arrest of the negro Sam Brow, who claimed to be a drummer, for steering laborers Into certain clothing stores on Poydras street, was the cause of a tight yesterday. Sam Weil can-! Brown's arrest. Yesterday JakeTTTT- vitch and Peter Copeland, lor wnom Brown was working, met wen ana a row was tne resnlt. It terminates in Weil and Copeland going to jail for lighting and disturbing the peace. ELECTION" OK DIRECTORS. j Elections . for directors of corporation! were held yesterday as follows: Directors St. Charles Hotel Company- . B. Wheeler. F. T. Howard. S. A. Tr taut. H. w . nrown. c. H. Hyams. jr. Directors t anal and Claiborne Railroad Company Charles Newman. Harris Hy. man, I. 51. est. t;. b. strotiuuscK, i., ahsicber. C. 11. C. Brown, Jo. H. ie range. - Sam Vfriea was arrested yeaterday morning bv Patrolman Brady, charged with obtaining gooda nnder false pretenses, styles hae been mior about toarn rlaiaaina to be an agent for tbe Horn tor tha Homeless and collect ina; old clothes, which be wonld sell. Some citiaens. believing be wts sn irr poster, complained to the police, ana in arrest foaowea. BY THE BYI "The Manhattan cocktail Is a delightful appetizer when properly prepared," said a local connoisseur in the art of living. "but It la easily ruined by unskillful hands. It Is the Invention, by the way, of a native of New Orleans and the story of its origin is rather curious. Tears ago Col. Joe Walker was In New ork and went on a Ultle yachting trip with party of friends. By some oversight the liquid refreshments in the Icebox were eon lined to Italian vermouth and plain whisky, and It occurred to the Colonel that a palatable drink might be made by mixing tbe two. The result was so good that he experimented a little on his re turn, to New Orleans and soon perfected the Manhattan cocktail as it Is known to-day. It was christened in honor of his friends on Manhattan Island and the fame of the decoction soon spread all over the country. The true Manhattan cocktail is always made with Italian vermouth, but at half the places where they undertake to s-?rve them French vermouth Ms substituted and tbe fine flavor Is altogether destroyed. French vermouth is a sort of wine, while Italian vermouth Is a cordial pure and simple. They are as different as milk and molasses. A cocktail made from the French brand is no more Manhat tan than it is a Spanish omelette." "f was no In Ascension parish, not far from Bumside. the other day." remarked a civil engineer of thia city, "and bad my attention called to a very remarkable nat ural curiosity. It was a red gum tree which was girdled about six feet from the ground by an Iron ring. The ring was probably five inches In diameter and fonr Inches broad, and was sunk so deeply In the bark I was unable to dig far enough with my penknife to ascertain Its thick ness. The problem, oi course, is now It got there, and several theories, none of them exactly satisfactory, are advanced by the folks In the neighborhood. One is that the ring happened to be lying on the ground and the tree grew np through it, picking it op eventually as it increased In girth. Another la . that somebody pushed 'the ring down over the trunk years ago and that It slowly assumed Its present position. Needless to say, it. is all the merest surmise. The tree trunk Is about eight Inches through below the iron and has expanded above It In a cari ous lump. The top looks green and flourishing and the circulation of sap baa evi dentlr not been Interfered with. The tree ongbt certainly to be preserved r the study of some expert, or at any rate the section should be sent to a museum of natural history." The counterfeit Spanish gold coins that are causing trouble In Havana at present have been anticipated by the authorities." said a Mint official. 'They received IntI mation some time ago that arrangements were in train to flood both Cuba and Puerto Rico with 'queer' Spanish money. and sent out a notification that practically nipped tbe scheme In the bud. No effort hss been made to counterfeit Spanish bank bills, probably on account of their depreciation, and it Is rather hard to say jnst how the rascal who Issued the coin will be punished should tbey happen to be caught. I would hate to be the lawyer who had tbe Job of 'drawing the bill of Indictment. It would certainly be a pox-. xiing task.-. The next place where conn terfeits are liable to tarn np In big quan tities la the Philippines. It Is not gener ally known, but there bas been a great deal of crooked money In circulation on the Islands for years. It Is supposed to emanate from somewhere in Hong-Kong. and traders In the South Pacific all carry outfits for testing.. In Spain Itself coun terfeiting la very common Id spite of the death penalty that attaches to it. The Spanish paper money Is so easily Imitated by tbe photo process that It la almost lm possible to be absolutely certain of the genuineness of any note." : " "it seems to me that the news papers have overlooked one of the bright est gems of the great embalmed meat carnival now In progress at Washington, said a man at the news stand at one of the up town hotels. "It may be fouud in the list of interrogatories wbK-h Com missary General Eagan submitted to the packers, but it Is so deeply burled in a mass of extraneous matter that one would be very likely to overlook it. Here It Is? " 'Q. Have any of the packers nsed. and if so, why, any scraps In putting np this meat. and where did they get the acraps why are there scraps If scraps are nsed? The first part of this little extract Is calculated to make all the dead gramma rians of the past roil over in their graves and bellow bloody murder, but tbe real jewel is the last line: 'Why are there scraps if scraps are used?' -Why, indeed? Why shonld Miles want to scrap about scraps? Tbat seems to me to touch the exact point with a needle to pierce the very heart of the controversy with one iuspired thrust. It lays bare the Inadequacy of the casus belli a mere scrapping over scraps. It Is possible, by the way, that Gen. Eagan may be right In his contention that there was a great scarcity of steers in Iuerto Rico, but if tbey were anything like aa numerous as the bulls in his interesting list of Interrogations the army might have feasted on beardless beef until further orders. I In fer that Gen. Eagan's bump of humor is turned hollow side out. ; Considering the Investment, trained dogs are one of tbe most profitable attractions In the vaudeville line." said an old-time showman, here with one of the enr-rent theatrical companies. ; "I suppose there are at least twelve or fifteen troupes of them scattered over the country." he continued, "and the good ones easily average a couple of hundred a week and expenses. As there are no salaries to pay for tbe dogs and no hotel bills for nybody except the proprietor and one keeper the returns are rather baudsome. Nowidays they hove tbe business down to such a fine point that the sudden death of any of the animals can be readily reme died by telegraphing to New lork. where several men make a specialty of keeping standard trick dogs tn stock. A dog tro-ipe usually consists of Ave performers. one of which is a star, ine star proo-altly cost $130 and tbe others about . iiece. Mongrels of no intrinsic worth are generally selected for training pur-lioses, because they learn as quickly as he thoroughbreds and If anything hap pens to them the loss Is so much lighter. There Is a standard series of tricks which they are taught to do. so that one can easily replace another, and a little Ingenuity on the part of the showman supplies the variety to the programme. It goes without saying that the star performer has his special act. which some of the rest attempt. I am speaking now of the general run of such entertainments. There are a few collections of flnely-bred dogs that have been most elaborately nd marrelonslT trained by their ex hibitors and. of course, they are unique. One such troupe la at present coining money by tbe bushel In Cuba." CENTRAL AMERICAN TRADE. Anv manufacturer who desires to ob tain a market for his goods in Central America would do' well to call upon or communicate with J. H. Pennington, gen eral manager North and South Anieri- an Trausnortatlon Company, who will be at the Hotel Grunewald. New Orleans, lor the next thre days. At 8:15 o'clock yesterday morning Charles Waener. aged sixteen years, water boy for the National Construct loo Company, while working at the corner of Royal and Bienville afreets, had threw fingers ernabed oa his left hand by being ran over by a spring waaoa drivaa by an unknown Italian. Bs was taken to the hospital for trsatmaat. i nut Era Club's Big Meeting Tulane Theatre. Mayor Flower Presents Unan - swerable Arguments. Mr. Parkerson Points Out City's Lack: of Oivio Pride. Dr. Jfohnle, Jlr. Ftrrmr, Senator Sholars and Dr. Brans Speak. Club Adopt, a Resolution to Form a Woman's Club. . The ladles of New Orleans, called to gether in mass meeting by the Era Club, manifested themselves In great force yes terday afternoon at Tulane Theatre to evidencethelr support of the contemplated sewerageand drainage tax.' Itwasa notable gathering In many respects, but notable first of all because It evidenced the Inter est of the ladies in this the first public enterprise in which they will be allowed to cast their votes. Although the fair sex are often late when they have a theatre engagement, they were exactly on time at the Tulane Theatre yesterday. The ceremonies were scheduled to begin at S o'clock, and they began at that hour. , Long before the time appointed most of the ladies had taken their seats, and when the speeches began all lower boxes and the parquette seats were filled, and there was a sprink ling m the first gallery. In the boxes were the officers of the Era Club. The president. Mrs. Evelyn Ordway, was un able to be present on account of sickness but in the boxes were tbe following offl cers ana prominent ladies: Miss Kste Gordon, vice president; Miss Jennie Gor don, secretary ; Mrs. Lewis Graham, secre tary; Mrs. Dr. Butter worth. Mlsa Jessie Stevens, Mrs. Senator Sholars. Mrs. Chas. f . Buck, Mrs. Caroline E. Merrick. Mrs. J. Pinckney Smith, Mrs. Alpbonse Le-doux. president of the Woman's War Re lief Association; Mrs. F. G. Freret. presi dent of the Daughters of the Confederacy; Mrs. E. M. Gilmer, Mlsa Kate Nobles of tbe States, and Miss Helen Pitkin, of The Times-Democrat. On the stage were Mayor Flower. Mr. f.rttttu. president of the -o,i,w-n- i,r Kohnke, president of the City Board of ueaitn; Senator Sholars. Mr. Parkerson. Air. li. il. Farrar and Dr. Brnns. The programme consisted of speeches In fa vor of the sewerage tax made by these gentlemen. The ladles did not take part except a resolution by Miss Kate Nobles, which waa read and .unanimously adopt ed. This resolution suggested regular or ganization on the part of tbe Indies- to work for the tax. Mr. Brlttin acted as master of ceremonies, and Mr.' William Steele performed the duties of secretary. Mr. Brlttin opened the ceremonies by rending from an article by Mr. Dowty health officer of New York, relative to sewerage and sanitation. : Mr. Brlttin made a few pertinent remarks relative to the need of sewerage in New Orleans. He said: 'This is a valiant fight In which you are to be engaged, and I say not profanely. but solemnly and reverentially, that it Is tight In which God Almighty will be with yon, and you are bound to win." Mr. Brlttin then Introduced Mayor Hower, who advanced toward the foot lights with a large roll of paper In his hand. --"ion need not be frightened," said Mayor Flower, unrolling the bundle, "this is net a manuscript (laughter), it is -ammunition of war a bundle of printed matter to be signed by property owners show ing that tbey are in favor of the tax." Mayor Flower opened by saying tbat he expected to leave tbe night previous with Gov. Foster, but he waa glad that his trip bad been postponed so tbat he could have tbe pleasure of speaking before the ladies. Each speaker mentioned that he bad been told previously by the ladles that his time was limited to ten minutes but each speaker became so warmed up by bis subject tbat the time waa exceed ed In every instance. MAYOR FLOWER'S ADDRESS was as follows: I have nothing formulated to say to yon. 1 want to state a simple proposition, and the proposition fortunately for us Is go strong that It argues Itself and needs no explanation. A fair statement of It. made to any fair-minded man or woman, la bound to carry conviction with It. New Orleans has been especially blessed by nature. We are sltnuted at the mouth of the largest river ot the world, draining the most fertile valley n the world, the soil around ua rivaling the famous soil of the Nile; we have a harbor that can accommodate the na tions of the world; and with all these advantages before ua, these gifts that nature has showered upon us, what Is our condition to-day. Twenty years ago we were the fifth city in the l nlted States: to-day we are way down at the bottom of tbe list. If the Northwest towns possessed what nature has given to ns what would be their condition to day compared to their present condition. nd onr condition. Two years ago-I thought we were beginning to reach the summit of our prosperity. Lands began to increase greatly in value. Lands below and above Canal street rose almost from 50 to 100 per cent in value. After a long period of hope suddenly we rose. Tne personal pronoun Is always disagreeable, but I wish to give you a personal example. I bought a piece of property on St. Charles avenue some time ago and sold it at an Increase of 50 per cent. The purchasers sold It a few years later at 300. per cent profit. . When I went down in the cars every morning I nsed to recognise almost every face. Three rears sgo that was changed. New faces Were seen to the cars, in the streets and in the theatres", new commercial houses sprang up: everybody waa Jubilant, The Illinois Central Rallwsy built an immense elevator on our river front. Our grain trade increased sixfold in two years. Everybody thought that we had passed the perloil of our depression, and were on the tloodtide that wonld carry n to the same prosperity that characterizes other cities of the country. What happened? Two years ago something some people called yellow fever made Its appearance here. Most who knew the old malady denied that it was yellow feven But what was the effect? A senseless panic was created. Onr neighbors who had been friends shut their doors aealnst us: our comnierce stopped. oi, merchants virtually abandoned their business here. "During the epidemic droves and droves of people came to my office, and they wonld sav to me: 'Mr. Mayor. I have been employed In snch and such a corporation; I have been turned out. Mr. Mavor. we are nuncry: our ramuies nrsxj Unnvrr VCm mnt h fed It ia th itntwT of the city to help us." In tbe emergency we convened a special session of the Council, and under the guise of a legal enactment, and nnder the guise of giving mony to the Board of Health and the street department, we made an appropriation of 150.000. .What was the real purpose? It waa to give employment to men who had to furnish meat and bread for their wives and children. "What brought all of that to ua? Nothing but a panic tbat we could have controlled, and we can control It to-day If there is enough spirit and patriotism left among the good men and women of New Orleans, t Applause, i "I read extracts from three newspapers pnlilisneit at tbat time, and toe burden of all was tbat if New Orleans was going to permit herself to become a city of disease and then disseminate it thronghout the country we want her to understand now that she can expect no more trade rrom ns. tne was pniinsbed in rrana-lin. La., one In Iberville, and one in laxoo City. These were samples of nianr. Is there no cure for this' New York. Boston, Philadelphia. Xor-folk and Memphis all have passed through tile same experience. iHere tbe Mayor reatl aiont the ravages of yellow fever in Northern cities. "It wss found." continued the Mayor, "that yellow fever was due to the lack of proper sewerage and drainage. When sewerage was placed in these cities yellow fever disappeared. , ''Havana, the plague spot, CAX FE MADE AH SAMTABT A3 NEW YORK. Do yon know that the death rate In St. Louis from 1811 to 1j3 was 43 per thousand: in Memphis, prior to sewerage and drainage, it was 3tf per thotfsand. The death rate In St. Lotus now Is less than "Jf, the death rate ia Memphis Is less than 3. New Orleans' last year was 2Jl Tbe average has been for the past ten years about 24. Minneapolis is 9. St. Paul less than 9. Buffalo la less than 10 5-S. Are these not object lessons enough for us. Fellow-citizens, we have tbe remedy In our own bands. We need the assistance of the ladies. With their co-operation nothing can prevent ns from applying thia remedy and advancing our city to tbat position which ia hers by right of climate, natural location and other advantages. "Tbe Constitution of our State doe not permit any further -taxation than that specified, and if we need funds for internal improvement, we are bound to look to some other source. There is only one way to obtain it,, and that is by potting the question to tbe people themselves and let them decide wnetner we shall progress or settle down to decadence. Do you know that Marseilles, Toulouse and other French cities were condemned ss pestholes. It waa found that tbe trouble came from lack of sewerage, and these cities are now health resorts. The death rate In well-sew craned cities is low: in those moderately protected It is moderate; In those where no sewerage and drainage exists, it is horrible. The authority for this statement is a German medical Journal published In Berlin." Mayor Flower then explained what the tax meant to property owners, and told what the printed netitions contained. said tbat when tbe petition was signed tbe matter could ou be brougnt to an election. Mayor Flower waa then complimentary to the ladies, and miofed from a letter written by Zachsry Taylor, saying that if the ladies "offered him the Presidency he anew that he wonld get it. About five thousand more signatures were needed. Three thousand had already been obtained, and tile list had only been started last week. " REMARKS OF' DR. KOHNKR. 'lit Brlttin next Introduced Dr. Kobnke as a gentleman who held one of the most important offices in the city. Dr. Kohnke said : "In accepting the Invitation of the Era Club to addre this meeting. 1 am sensible of my responsibility aa health officer of this "city and of my obligation to state tbe plain, unvarnisuea trutn. in so far as I know it, I do not desire to be consiilcrHl of those who believe that our dry fc growing more unhealthy year by vear. Neither fact nor figures will bear out such an assertion. The contrary Is, in fact. true. The vital statistics of our ritv diirinir nineteen vears of the imme diate past show an Improvement. The average death rate per 1M for nine years tieglunlng vitu IbSU waa zs anu a smau fraction. During the succeeding Hint years, up to and Including 1M7. It was 2 and a small fraa-tion. Durinr tbe year Just past It was 24.80, and. strange as it mar seem to tnose oi our commercial rivals whose interest be tn exaggerating the importance of yellow fever, tne year in i and l snow a less mortality maa that of any year but one since U'V. While our citv has certainly not as yet grown more unhealthy, it Is far behind other cities, or its sixe ana woetuny utca-big In the requirements of modern cities, and the demand, lor modern household conveniences. In part already supplied, will shortly make the necessity of a sew- era ge system apparent to the very nos trils of pedestrians upon our streets, inis is, In fact, tbe case at present; but in spots only, it is becoming more general. Many of our houses built within recent years are fitted with all of the sanitary arrangement, ilctiiauiled by a sewerage svstein except the sewer connections. In place of this a receptacle exists which is connected by a concealed pipe with the street gutter. I know thut this I hard to believe, but it is true nevertheless, it may be asked. 'Why does not the Board of Health correct this?" The reply is sim ple, rne Board or iienitn is enueavorm to do so as far as Its limited means, made less bv a series of misfortunes, will permit. Very recently the owner of six elegant residences was convicted of a vlo- l.-ttlou of the law prohibiting Ibis method of sewering. The estimated cost to the board of this case was more than 'A. The fines Imnoeed bv the recorder amounted to $12 SO. I refrain from com ment upon this case. The language which the situation requires should not be nsed iu. presence of ladle. I submit It as an argument In favor of sewerage by an approved system. While our vital statistics uo not snow an increasing mortality rate. 1 rear that unsanitary practices, encouraged by tbe leniency of recorders' courts, may soon show their efforts in the death rate of our city. More than 25 per cent of the deaths are due to diseases affected by municipal and household sanitation. The disease most dreaded, because of Its mortality, is consumption. This- disease claims more victims than any otb?r and is largely Influenced by subsoil moisture. Sutisoil moisture is lessened by drainage. Next In Importance are the intestinal diseases. in which class are included cholera Infan tum and typhoid fever. I need not tell yon what an- abundant supply of pure wnter w-m uo m preventing tnese dis eases. 31 a l:i rial fever ranks next as a ennse- of death. It U not necessary to state fhnt malaria disappear as drainage advances. The experience of other cities demonstrates beyond the shadow of a possible doubt that sewerage reduces con- siderjil ly the death rate. We must have sewerase and we will certainly have It whether the tax la voted or not. It -is in th line of progress which all civilised communities must take. The health authorities of our city have constantly advised, urged and insisted upon the lniport- nce ot sewerage drainage ami an anetOate water supply. Board of Health are on record in these matters and the questions are no longer unsolved problems of sanitary or engineerinz sHence. "ine people ot tnis conuunultv who are !TX;st vltallv Interested have now to decide in which direction our city shall move orwrai-i or bsi-Kward. We are at tbe tall- end of the procession now. Not becanse we nave not been marcblng on. but be cause onr prorress has leen so slow that we have been passed bv iikkI cities of consequence. Our death rate, while slowly decreasing. Is much too high for the end of the nineteenth century, aud causes which operate to shorten life are rapidly increasing in our midst. For tbe first inie in the history of our citv women will be allowed to vote on municipal ques tions, mis snouiu. una uoutitiesw win. mark an era of protrrese which will de monstrate the wisdom of this course. Some vears ago a drainnge proposition was submitted to a vote of tbe taxosvers and was lost. Women were not permitted at that time to express -their opinion. Tbey are now. Let ns hope that they hold the balance of power. "we snow now tney wilt vote. Mr. Brlttin then Introdtteed MB. EDGAR B. FARRAR, who spoke as follows: My invitation to address yon was coupled with the request that I shonld limit mrseir to ten minutes. In striving to be brief. I may become obscure. "we lawyers have a muxim. which ssva: Pains populi suprema est lex the health of the people is the supreme law; and there Is a popular proverb, more ecclesiastical in character, which declares that 'Cleanliness is next to Godliness.' Assuredly we may say of municipal cleanliness, as regards its effect on tbe people, what the apostle snys.of godliness, tbat If 'is profitable unto all things hevimr promise of the life that now ia. ana 0f Oilt W UH II l V" . ,,:. t iroioumiiy ITects vour life and mine, and the Uvea of all who come after ns. There Is no need to m.nee words about the situation. Onr city is filthy, unclean nd unwholesome. Our water so out r la insufficient and Impure. We have no shadow of a sewerage system. We have made a beginning .only in the matter of rainaee. The tnree. water, sewerage n.l drainage, are tbe Faith. Hope and Charity of incniclpHl life. With them we are blesxerl. witnout mem we are aeenrsed. "For one hundred and eiebty-two ydrs the dwellers on the soil where this city stands have lived in violation r t alt sanitary laws. In that time we have grown Cesttawewl eat rata;, Teav, BliWll" The Race Track Hunger Placed Under Arrest. He Is an Abscondiag Bani Teller from Mexico. His Beal Same Is Sot Jlnrphy,oct Santiago Jlorpor. He and a Pai Got Away "WitU 75,000. Ha Cut a Prominent Pigura far Kontti on tha Tart1 . Probably the most sensational arrest which has been recorded In New Orleans for years took place last night." when Chief of Detective Flotte tapped "Mexican' Murphy, as he has been known here, on the shoulder and told bjm that he waa wanted for forgery and embezzlement. The real name of the man ia Santiago Morphy. Morphy . has been at figure In racing circle here since the present meeting began. He hae bet heavily; and owns a stable of five or six valuable horses. Morphy waa arrested at the Instance of the Mexican legation at Washington, on a description furnished the detective office here by the Department ef State. - The crime for whici Morphy waa jailed: and for which he will be taken back to Mexico to atand trial, la the embezzlement of (70.000 from the National Bank of Mexico. The charge la of dual nature, forgery and embezzlement. He doe not deny that be la the right man, but says mar. ne win implicate, otners wnen he ia taken back to. his native city, and that he has a pretty fair chance of getting off. Tbe only regret that lie has. so be dec.' a res. is that he baa been tbe cans. of bringing disgrace and shame upon his family. . "Mexican Murphy" Is a handsome young fellow, showing birth and breeding In every movement. He la prominently connected in the City of Mexico. His father Is an Englishman and. his mother waa a" Mexican belle. One of bla brothers, younger than himself, 1s a close connection bv marriage of Mexico' President, rornno uiaz. Morphy left the. C!ty of Mexico In April, 1iH, in company with a vonng fellow named Alberto Desentis. He carried most of his booty with him. He visited London and Paris and then returned to this continent. He came to New Orleana about tbe time tbe race- meeting ooened. early in November, and at once becan operations at the track. At that time th detective force here had instructions to keep him under surveillance only, Tbe requisition papers bad not been issued. After a stay of some weeks In thia citv he left for Chieaeo. and from tbat ciiv he went to San Francisco u waa ping at tbe Baldwin- Hotel when It, burned, and had a narrow escape. It Ja ssld that be lost bis trunk with a con siderable Dart of tbe mnn,v ha. haI t a away from Mexico with him. About a month men he cam hack t.. New Orleans and devoted hlmwelf t ih. racing game. A few weeks ago rumor had it that be wa "broke.-" The rumor waa started becanse be had been making a book and had dropped out of line. The next day he bid dd Tom Berrv'a ri. Pointer f.'ioO over th enra.r..l Wben asked whv he bid on the horae bn replied: "To ahow f wnn' tbey said I was." He stated since his sr- ma. ne was trying to nmke the monev he had taken from the bank. that he could send It straight once aroin . one- ana get Morphy will probably be taken, back to the ity of Mexico in the next day or so. H ha 1m-- living ,n elegant apartments, in the St. I fharles Hotel, and has made many friends for himself II. t.k.. hi. arrst verr eoollv Wh i .. " police station he had nearlv 2uo In mn. iii ins pocset. Me Is as wen known no the j'k"1 -ir"n't be Is In New Orleans. ""eo at nearly all tbe nvfropolt-l""Jrarta Plnnger, bookmaker and owner. HOW THE SCHEME WA WORKED Actlaat Cow sal Barrens Telia Hew. vierpkr -Made HI Deal. Acting Consul Barren, waa- seen t..r night, several hours after Morphy wa placed under arrest.' He detailed to a representative f The Times-Democrat tbe manner in wbkV Morpbv worked the game which got away with ?73,O0O of the bank's money. Morphy was the assistant navlna- le..r ' of tbe National Bank of Mexico.' said the a-tlng consol. "He had a confederate en the outside. I do not know tbe name of the confederate. As assistant pavinc tefler he often paid out large sum. Tnera were two brother, who were large depositor In tbe bank. "One day Morphr forged tb name of tbe depositor to a check for 7S.0r). He handed it to his confederate on the outside and tbe confederate presented It to him for payment. - Morphy paid the forged check. For several days be stayed at Bis post, and then got a leave of absence, saying that he waa going to New York to buy a horse for relative of President Diaz. The leave was readily granted. He and his confederate skipped, out wltn the proceeds of their crime. "The robbery was ' not discovered for several months: not until the depositor had checked oat a large sumand presented another check calling tor the money he thought he had la bank. Then he wa told that he had no such sum in- the bank. Discovery followed this announcement." Mr. Barrera doe not Know Brnw totig it will be before Mornhv 1 taken to Mexico. He thinks the chances are that the gov ernment of Mexico will send officer on to bring bim home. I THE ARREST. j Chief Flette Co-Id Have Hade It Week .A are- Chief ef Detective Flotte has been ready and waiting to make the arrest for week. A It was. he-was tied band ana foot on til the requisition papers came. ... Ceatlaaad aa. Pas KJckt.

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