Page 2 article text (OCR)
FAG* rm> BLTTHEVTLLE (ARK.) COURIER NEWI TUESDAY, JULY If, If4f THl NAT IOH TODAY— Minimum Wages May Be Boosted But Not This Year Hy « .Marlon There's a low* rumbl* in Congress again of ll\e WASHINGTON, July 19 olv iboui raising minimum wages. If nothing happens, h will be another campaign ptonme pemocraU and President lYuman unfilled by Congress. But whether Congress w ill really do anything about them, b«ior« quitting /or the summer and the rest ot 19-15, u. someihing else, This Is the background: * -- - - - -in 1938 Congress pa^ed HJP mini- aRai|lst lhe increHSC . Bllt coiirfM- anini M'age law. Under lhat law people working in certain kinds of jusinesso-s had to be paid: At least 25 cent. 1 ; an hour until 1939, then 30 rent.s an hour until 1945, and 40 cents an hour after 1945. That law hasn't been changed since 1938. So the 40 cents an hour, reached in 1945 is still the lowest wage that can be paid prople in certain kindjs of bu.sinesses. These businesses were certain linns doiiiR hu.sinrss across stale lines. For example: lumber, tobac- ro. leather, clothing, furniture, fond products. Living Cost Rise Interfcrps Congress was able to pass Hie law covering them becaues The government controls interstate commerce atsd since, their business crossed .state lines they were m interstate commerce. . But the law didn't cover for in-i stance a local drug store thai did 1 business entirely within a state. In addition. Congress said that some businesses which did do business across stale lines were not under the act. For example: Farming, fishing, airlines, and re•fail outlets like department stores. So in all those not covered by the law the employers could pay below the minimum set by the law. The law was intended to set a floor under wages, or at least under the wages paid by a lot of businesses. But living costs have risen greatly since 1938 when the law was pa.ued and since 1945 when 40 cents an hour became the lowest wage the covered firms could pay. Six times In the past three years President Truman has asked Con- grew to tnke notice that living costs have risen and to raise the minimum wage from 40 cents an hour to 76 cents, About 22,600.000 people sre now covered by the law which requires that they be paid at least 40 cents an hour. But of that number only about 1,500,000 are receiving less than 75 cents an hour. thin .7 men who support the idea say 13ip.se a re pret i,. much the same people in general who bark in I93B opposed the minimum wage law in the first place. Nevertheless there is a lot of opposition in Congress to widening ihe coverage and some ron^icssmoii even oppose flatly raising the minimum to 7j> cents. The whole business has been ha tig ing fire for months. Becau.se it U so tate in th* .session and Con; re.s.s is anxious to eel home it is not at all sine thai the law will be hanged this year. 'Political College' In North Korea Has Stiff Course SEOUL, Korea— <iPi— Tlw "politi- •al college" of North Korea puts its students through a nigged curriculum, but graduates lace a risky fviiure. A copy of the training schedule used at trie college In Pyongyang was, found recently on one of the graduates \vlio had In- filtaited Into the American-sponsored Republic ot Korea south of the 38th parallel. The schedule .shoves that students spend four and one-half months learning military discipline, marksmanship, guerrilla fighting and sabotage method* to use In the south. They put in a full day. 5:35 a.m. to 10.aO p.m. Communist politics and Russian history also were listed a-s courses. About half the class of SCO that graduated May 17 is believed to hare entered southern Korea. One hundred and twenty were women. Atert southern border patrols captured or : tiled 60 before they had gone very far. Others got Into the mountainous and sparsely-populated Kankwon province. 90 miles northeast of Seoul. Mopping (hem up will take weeks. A few. .may have reached the furniture, food products, wholesale trade. Slim Chance for Earlr .Action President Truman and his advisers wanted Congress not only to raise the present minimum from 40 to 15 cents an hour but to spread the law to cover a number of businesses not now covered, particularly places like department stores, chain store.-: and hotels. They figure that would bring at least another 5.000.000 workers under the protection of the law and give all of [hem at least 75 cents an hour. It's been estimated that all but 900,000 of the additional 5.000,000 are now receiving at least 75 . cents an hour. What's the idea behind this? Labor and President Truman's advisers urge Congress to place higher floor under wages. They argue that it will create more purchasing power among workers and give more of them fairer treatment. A stream of businessmen went before Congress this year, arguing Floating Seattle-Lake Washington Span, Once Storm Center, Is Now Fully Paid For $40,000 Sanctuary for Baptists Hears Completion in LeachvilU Membcri of Le*chril!e'« First BaptUt Church have hopti of being In Ihelr new church by September 1. according to (heir pajlor. the Rev. B. W. Pierce. Work on the Sunday School department, which U Immediately behind the auditorium, has almost been completed. The large Sunday School department will tccomodit* about 100 peraons and eonilsU of elfht sp«c- toui rooms. Also In the rear of .the church are the pastor's study, special storage roonu (or religious literature, a modern kitchen and a room which will be us'd is a dining and assembly room. An Interesting feature In the building of the church lies In the fact that Elbert Steed U handling construction. Mr. Steed built the old Baptist Church In Le»chvllle about « ye»r» »IO. The church was organized In IMS and erected Its first buildinc about two years later. The congregation now numbers about 350 or 300. Rev. Mr. Pierce said, and the new audltodliun will seat about 100 more than that. The auditorium contains many large stained-glass windows and will be cooled by a concealed exhaust fan. The Rev. Mr. Pierce figures the new building will coot approximately MO.OOO when completed. All but about KS.OOO of that will be paid by that tUne, he said. Having guided the congregation of the Cooler Baptist Church In a $4S,000 building program, Rev. Mr. Pierce went to LearhvUk la April, Services are currently being held in Hie old church which waa morM to the rear of the church lot to make room for construction of the ne« building. Burditt* Youth Suffer* Injury to Hit Lett Eye Jlmnue Tompkins, 12-year-old son ol Mr. and Mrs. Jim Tompkuw of Buidette, underwent an opera- lion on hi* lefi eye yesterday at th« Eye Ear, Note and Throat Hwpital in Memphis. Jtmmle Injured his eve in a fall while playing at hLs home last ve&jf He was taken to the Memphis ho«7 nital Saturday. The cottontail r»bbK may have three to seven young In e*eh Utter, and has several such brood* a year. CONNKCTING SKA'ITi'E with the eastern sliftre of Put-el Sound In the unique floating I<ake WftaJi* Intton bridge. 'I hit vie* li looking from Srallle (award Mercer Island, the other terminM tt th» floating structure. By Frrd /avattero | liamjxr ship traffic and mar the NKA Staff Cm rfsponrtf nt '; city's beauly. SEATTLE —iNEAi— After 20] Hadle.v continued to show his year.s of arguing. R year and a half i plans to vaiious civic organza- ol building, and ntnp years of, toll! lions. Impressed by the JoKic and collecting, the only floating bridije ; economy of his suggestions, they In the United States was paid for ! launched a "Bullrt-a-Bridge" cam- thls summer 19 years ahead ol schedule. Seattle has one of the world's four civilian pontoon bridges be-1 To sellle lh» dfipute, a State cause an irMe young man missed I Toll Bridge Authority was creat- a ferry in 1019. As he watched I ed to study all methods of bridging the lerry paddle across La'se Wash- the lake. Alter months of research, paign that eventually, had the entire statft in an uproar. ington tou'arrl Mercer I.stand, little more than a mile away, Honter M. Hariley, a young structural engineer, decided" he had missed the the board presented a solution incorporating virtually all of Hartley's Ideas, and. in 1939, construction of the unique structure began. depth of ISO to 200 feet underlaid with 100 feet of mud made the cost boat for the last time. He would As work on the 7800-foot float- builrl a bridge. ing section progressed, oppogentj He found he had chosen the to the bridge at first were not world's worst bridge site. A lake | convinced that the 4458-ton concrete pontoon wouldn't sink. But the unbroken four-lane express of a fixed bridge enormous. But | highway acros s the lake, held in Hadley continued lo 5 tudy the lake i place by 50 Sri-ton anchorj. has «nd, a few months later, he had ; safely ridden out the most severe the bridge built—on paper. ; storms. The initial reaction to his float- j AltlmuRh the water level of Lake Mg-brirtRc plan was definitely not Washington is controlled by govern- favorable. people sairt it would ment. locks, possible water level south:yt>fh<Sfi''m»y* have settled down and become farmers, since many of them once lived In the south. Captured guerrillas said they were sent -outh in "battalions" of 80. Their mission was lo recruit southern Koreans to brinit each battalion up to » strength of several hundred. Sout' -rn officers .say this had proved a flop. Promoted in Labrador * Cpl Jack H. Ke.sler. the son ol Mr. and Mrs. Forrest D. Rosier. Route 1, Blytheville. was recently promoted from private Ilrst claw to corpoial. Corporal Kesler is currently stationed with Flight B, 6th Rescue Squadron, Goose Bay, Labrador. Restricted Location The Torrey pine is known on the North American continent only on a strip of land two mllej long and eight miles; wide, along the ocean, north of San Diego, Calif. OIL FLOOR FURNACE Yei, 15\ off th» pric* of any floor furnace bought ond Installed during this sale! \\e're ottering this, to mako it worth vour while to install now and help us ease our fall rush of business. Do it now! —save money »nd jet: fluctlons were not ignored. Renting on a system of hydraulic rockers, the bridge can tolerate a variation of three feet without harm. Lake shipping ha, never been hindered by the bridge. It literally comes apart to form a passageway for large, ocean-going vessel* By drawing the channel pontoon into a specially-designed "bay" In a divided pontoon, a 200-foot opening is made in the bridge. On June 30. 1940, 11 months attw work began on the 14.450,000 project, the first automobile "floated" across Lake Washington. The bridge eliminates more than U miles of travel through congested residential area, to reach th« expanding east shore. It provldca a direct route from Seattle to the transcontinental highway through the Cascade Mountains. New community developmenta have furnished Seattle workers with j suburban homesites within easy j reach of their Job*. Grateful em- ; ployers have almost forgotten the ! often abused alibi. "Boss, the ferry i was late this morning," Ministers Conduct Church Clinic The Nesro Interdenominational Ministerial Alliance yesterday heard a discu.ssion on radio technology, conducted a clinic to solve church jroblenis, and heard an address by Hev, B. L, Hampton of Armorel on the methods of reaching the lasses through rural churches. The meeting^ yesifjimy was a regular . v seMto»»'of the alliance and was.<«o«*lucted:at the Carter Temple Church on West Ash \vith Rev. J. S. McFadden. president, presiding. £1. Bolton. negro radio technician, reviewed [lie history and progress of radio technology, and the church clinic was conducted by Rev. J. w. Knowles. pastor at | Burdette, and secretary of the Al- r liance. Rev. Thomas J .Broun, pas' tor o( Enoch's chapel, and director of public relations for A. M. E. churches in Arkansas and Oklahoma. Egypt Plans Exports CAIRO —0?v_ Egypt will export 90,000 tons of rice and 30,000 bales of long staple cotton to India under a trade agreement signed between the two countries recently. In exchange. India is to supply Kgypt with Jute and steel of similar value. Read Conner News Want Ads Seven-Foot Alligator Is Budapest Houst Pt BUDAPEST, Hungary Dogs and other common domestic animals in Hungary take a tax — but j not the alligator owned by Laido I Lipthay of Peci. I The alligator was just a few Ini ches long when he arrived from South America a little over 10 years I ago. Now he measures around sev- j en feet. He eats three whitings a week but slept nine months last I winter. All the alligator likes a comfortable armchair in the Lipthay home, and his master says: i "Deep and sincere friendship blnis Us together." Lemons Summer Event Get Your COLEMAN Oil Heater From U» —And Let Us Give You This Genuine $15.95 North Star Blanket! ACT 1. AuKimo 3, CL.n H.ot. >• Ixlr.-C.mf.rt - W«n«. M..r. • H..1. «. Injr Inil.ll.Hxi — K. !.,«. »>»nl, No OiKlt, M* T.»rl». Urn T.ut H.,,.. ' ^ EASY TERMS! Low Down Payma>nti Reo , Mon . y and ^ for Wmter Ahead of th« Mu*h! Thh Oil., Cooc? Only Jill July 3,. f CHARLES S. LEMONS FURMTURE Why Buy * Blank.t Wh.n You Can Gtt This Pint NORTH STAR At A Gift I H'I * beauty — just the kind of rich, deep-piled blanket you w»nt! All wool, full M Ze , rfioict of eijrrit Mtractive colors. Kudu hound with ncetate rnvon ribbon. And it's your* m '» gift — simply for buyinR your new Coleman Oil Heater from ui •«rly. Htr«'« doublt warmth for you! — Vour guaranteed' Coleman heater (fives yon clenn automatic heSt by day. Then turn your Ooleman neater down at nisht to save fuel. Tin* lovely all-wool Xorth SUr blanket keepi you warm ! Given! -With Any Coleman Heater Over »59.95 •Ottr u H»n -ii • r will piv Here's The Famous Colcman GUARANTEED Oil Heater! Convenient Terms Fully automatic — ft ttndi itielf. Ju«t light it in tht fill, »nd for- ftl fir«-t«ndinf all winter. Xo ashes; n» Krimr fu«l dirt. And renumber — C*l«m* i« the. oil heater with tbt famaui ««rm- fl««r« fmtur« that rneani extra comfort, warm fett, and often better winter health for you! GUARAK- TF.ED* to giv» wirrm- er floor* in mor« rooms — or money back! H.w Or l«t»r H TM WM> Act Now!-This Gift Special Offered Till August 31*t Onlyl Charles S. Lemons, Furniture If you're a TELEPHONE USER... Good service depends on good earnings—earning! that will make investors willing to put their saving* in the telephone business. If you're a TELEPHONE EMPLOYEE... Good employees provide good telephone service. A financially healthy business can employ good people. And one that isn't, can't If you're a TELEPHONE STOCKHOLDER... Neerly 800,000 A, T. and T. •hareholden, and literally million* of people who have savings account* or life insurance policies are financially interested in the telephone business, because insurance companies and banks have invested the savings of the*« people in telephone securities. So, when you jet right down to it, nearly everyone has an interest m good telephone earning*. Present telephone earnings in Arkansas of less than 3 per cent are much less than those of industry SB general. They are inadequate to attract the millions of dollars w« will have to raise in order to give the people of Arkansas the kind of service they want and need. That is why we have asked for ati increase in rates. tOUTHWISTUN MIL TilIr>HONI CO.