Evening Star from Washington, District of Columbia on December 2, 1905 · Page 23
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Evening Star from Washington, District of Columbia · Page 23

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Saturday, December 2, 1905
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SUBURBAN PROPERTY. CHANCK TO GET A FINB PLACB. WRU, atocfced, for little money; 28 icre*; near Berwyn; neat cottage; splendid outbuildings; good fruit and plenty of it; horse, cow. chicken**. hogs, wafon. buggy, banie?fa?; all farmlug imple* errrything for $2.:t00. Very desirable. We have the most complete, up-to-date list Maryland and Virginia country real estate to be found upon the market today. From lowcoat, large-acreage tracts to bigb-grade stock farm*; from fow cost village property to costly estates. Also fruit, vegetable* rnilk and poultry farm*, many of them at surprisingly low figures. S*?nd for catalogue. If you have anything to sell write us. Our facilities for selling are unequaled. 4037 \ great bargain; W) acres; good woodland; Pr. house: 2 barns; carriage house, hennery; 2 apriug-. running stream; about 300 fruit trees; 17 tullen city; l'? miles R.R.. 91.400. 822ft i'lone to trolley ?t ITyattaville: good Or. house. town water; chicken luuse; fruit; shade; $1,700; 11 r*) down, $15 monthly; cost $2,200. 406.", -310 acres on Old Dominion trolley, adjoining property Oreat Fulls Co. : springs and streams; 00 acres woodi*; r? fields; 200 acres tillable land; dwelling, stable, outbuildings; delightfully located! splendidly situated for subdivlson; to close estate. $60 per acre; worth $100. 8211 ?Cheapest home in Kensington; over H ? ere; new 7r. house; chicken bouse; wired yard; fruit: shade. $1,600, to close estate; worth $2,500. 4063 (a> More than fl.OOC clear profit right here, owner needs cash, and will take $700 for 123 acres of fine timber; 3 na. B.R.; at least 150,000 feet saw timber, and more than 1,500 cords of wood, which can be sold at once far price ; asked for farm. Investigate and get a snap. We have several cheap timber tracts. It ill! gOgLE CO. (Inc.). 680 La. are. I THRKK AT RES m:\K BERWYN. HANWoMK cottage. beautiful shade. $l,f>00; % acre, 5r. cottage. $J*H> $ 1 down. flf? monthly; 2'-s acrea, ?5r. house, barn, fruit, fine oak grove. $1,200?$200 down. Many other great bargain**. WM. I>E Moitf;. with The S?mle Co.. Berwyn. Md. It i OR sTuc^ " Beautiful home in Kensington at a very low price; owner, having removed from Kensington, is anxious to sell lx>t 160 feet front by a depth ..f 175 feet. It is beautifully located; tha grouwis are covered with shrubbery and hands tne shade trees. The house has 9 large roouis, hot and cold water, bath, closet and Is piped for g*?. This attractive property can be had at a positive bargain. F?>R S W,F? At M AMMiTON. S-room bouse. In thorough repair; steam heat, large grounds. Frlce, $3,600; terms to suit. FOR SALE? A 14 room bouse and five acres of ground. The hcirse is surrounded by beantiful shade trees, located in one of the.choicest sections of tne District, within driving distance of the Capitol. Will be sold very cheap. for sale? New 8 room house at TAKOMA PARK, with all city conveniences, large grounds, convenient fo steam and electric cars. Frlce reasonable; terms to suit. FOR SALE? 28 acres, with large bnnae, close to city; adjoining one of the finest country estates in Montgomery county. Maryland. Will exchange for city property. TERRELL A LITTLE, Colorado Building, de2-3t 14tb and G ats. 1 FOR SALE? ?~ | ONE OF THE MOST ATTRACTIVE CORNER PROFKRTIES IN PETWORTH. HOUSE CONTains fic.iit large rooms and bath; FIRST FlA)OR FINISHED IN GOLDEN OAK; TILED BATH RooM; CONCRETE CELLAR; LA ROE ATTIC; WIDE VERANDA AND LARGE G ROUNDS. FOR SALKGARRETT PARK. To d.'se an estate; 8-room house, with all modern improvements. lot 100 by 200. Splendid TERRELL & I1TTLE. d< j Colorado b'dg. 1IADNOR PARK. ALL IMPROVEMENTS of tbe city?sewer, water. gas and electricity; 0>NTI<tUOI"S to Gen. home nt Arlington. View of the whole city of Washington. Beautiful wide afreet*? the continuation of tbe streets of Fort Myer. TV.is property is just being opened up for the market, and the first 12 buyers can purchase at less than one-half the price we are asking for tbe*c beautiful sites. E. II T AGO ART. REAL ESTATE. IjOANS \ND INSURANCE, deS 7t*-13 017 13TII ST. N W. A SNAP I OR SPECULATION OR SI B DIVISION. For Sale 100-acre tract 100 yds. from Ardwick, Penn. R.R . 35<? yds. from the electric road, 3Va miles from District line; adjoining property held at $lo0 per acre: nearly half mile on punlic road; high, healthy and beautifully located; wood on property will sell fur enough to satisfy the cash payment; only J&O.oo per acre; one-third cash, balance t > suit. For particulars apply ,to EDWARD P. SCHWARTZ, 024 F St. n.w. de2 3t FOP. SAIJC - "Mooreland," near Bethesda. Md.: ten acres. Improve 1 by a $8,000 nine-room dwelling: heated b.v hot wafer; bath, etc.; stable; fenced; fruit o* all kinds; large oaks; high elevation. Worth $13,000. Price, $10,500. de2-3t r. W GRAHAM. ffl7 14th ?t. HI OS. J. FISHER & <X>. UNO.), 1414 F st. n.w. FOR SALE-BUY A LOT NOW IN THE SUBnrbs, so you can. have your house re-adv by spring. We can give you SPECIAL PRICES Dl'RINO THE WINTER 8E \Si ?N IN? OAK VIEW (between Cleveland I'ark and St. Albans). FERNWOOD HEIGHTS (directly on Conn. ave. above Cleveland Park). CHEVY CHASE. Washington's "IIANT>S<*ME SUBURB." These su!.s have economical lots All city itnproveinenta (water, sewerage, lighting, "pavements, alleys). Best car service?one fare, no transferring?dlrectly into the city up till 12:30 at night. Washington's best development is an 1 will always be In this direction. . I>'t us talk to you on the subject of purchase. PLATS. FULL INFORMATION AND AUTOMOBILES AT THE OFFICE WAITING FOR THOMAS J. FISHER & CO.. Incorporated, dp2-2t 1414 F St. n.w. FOR SALE 21 CENTS PER FOOT WILL TAKE a lot tn Cleveland Park from an out-of-town owner, who is suxious to sell. This lot lays beautifully and Is a bargain at the price. THOMAS J. FISHER & CO., Incorporated, 2: 1414 F st. n.w. A T ELECTRIC, DEPOT, FALLS CHURCH?ONB and 4l?j acres. $600 per acre; lo1* acres, $400 per a:fe, tine lOr. house, barn and Wacre lot best location, $3,000. Address Box 17B, star office no30-3t* ST'BM VIMON. WHOLE OR PART I1NTEREST 120 lots, ft Ox 100 feet, duly platted and recorded; electric and steam car service; four miles from city au opportunity for small investor. Address Box IM>, Star office. no30-3t* NEW ft-ROOM UTA'iK, LARGE CORNER lA>rI\ -n $io nonthli payments. Pretty cottage on elc -trie line, ft acres laud. $1,500. New 7-room houa? u i-le. trie line, well, cellar, frni:, 12,000 Handsome 9-room house on electric iin ?. $2,500. New lu-iooni bouse. ;;o acres, $4 000. Forty-a<re fruit f-ir n. several hundted bearing ir.vs $4 600 if'15 r,"*!I^I)f,;?t- ,^r: lo $2ftO Five-acre lots, $-u". 1 li.RcE ^ FIERCE, Vienna, Fairfax county. \a. miflO-tf FOR SAl.r. ??l N'TRV HOME, 11"^ ACRES 10rooiu : >us? . hot and cold water; (.team hear acetylene ga?. attic; concreted ?s ll?t under entire house large lawn; shade; sbrubb. rv tlowertfruit sut*!.mfial nt a Mm and outbuildings- new and in l?eat condltioo in every deuil; one hour from Washington by electric cars; a bargain Apply Room Wyatt building. no27 14t*8 iSuil RAUDiOB aMJQHTi~8lJBDrVTSION. Kort Mjt on the MlllUry mart, tea ? ilk frum the Aqueduct bridge Th? W., A. anl Falls Chureh It. K. ri.n? throush two ?Ides ?t the propi-r.y; .ewer aud srauullthlc ?ldew;ilk< 0..W ou ihe plate, sas aud Hster t0 follow. Stud I r map uud partkularo __ ... J- f' U VRAM. 1321 K ?t. n.w. H AVIi M-iCKI LOIS NKAK Till: M.w fx" tension of HUi St. mow being srs.ledl onlv 20c ? mi ft.; adjoining grimnd wlllns at 40c an<i I?*ar !?jr ground selling at Jl.tK) to t'.MHl ? ?, ft ? U acre lota. cash hal. to milt; Vucre lot*' $500 oaih. bal. to suli; u iktwii of moderate uiear.H ran la.v tbe foundation for a fortune by holding one of these lots for a few years Kl'l.roN R trORUON. Suhurhan Ilealt? Operator. ROB1RT E. HEATER. Mgr.. l olorado blrtg Tel. ilaln .12#, no24-tf ? OR 8A1^-*PLEN'DII) HKAL ESTATE HKAJSONable and on easy terms; send for my lt>* cat*logue of great bargains; tbej conalst of grain, dairy, fruit, truck, poultry and blue grata farms; also lively tomes along tha steam and elactrle car Ilnea, with aereage suitable for otBee holders; ? lao buslnasa property, such aa stores, hotels, luUlg. halls, etc. We ha?e g.K>d land, good achoola. ehurrhee and f<H?d so.'lety. It will pay you to pimp out and let me show you aroaod. 1 hare always llrod In tbe country. I can fo ? Utter part by you than If I lived In the city. l>on t fall to send for my new catalogue before you buy. jonx r JERMAN, Fairfax C. H., V?. V*?, \ ? lt Vienna. 'Phono counectloa at ratrf,i C. II. and Vienna oe7-tf rlJi?.,VAr,TA'' ACTIO.N CAR?7~O.N PKMNayl?anla a,*., marked V and O aud go over tha from' wh!rk llr? "I*? transfers) and boy a lot from whlih you get a grand ,lew of the cltr Theae beautiful Highland lota are within twelve ?lBgi? Capitol* and ttie lotiT ca* n>?othly i>avmetiia you can ?Mbk your money C a REALTY CO Ttt X- '-?? ?*?? n.w aet-tf BHODi; ISLAND AVE. ADDITION to unnv* RAINIER. I .'ITS NOW ON SALE- 1200 ti Emf. 8MALI. CASH DEPOSITS MONfniV VTZ' ME NTS OKFICK8. DimilCT LINK STA-pm* AND KOOER.S OFFICE. FENDAU.STnL? ? HTT- ap2a-tf' CKRTIFICATE OF TITI.E TO TOrR 8UB?rh*" f^rm purchase I nMaryland from the Maryland Real Katate Title Cb.. Ojm Nafl Bank aSfd eSn * *Qd Jour UU* W|U b? aecur?. palmistry! UilK K AY. WORLDS UBNOWNKD 1'AI At Iff r .J' " ? ,Bll,1 I'"t. present and future; reunites the aeparated and causes ai^edy iuar,3W# ? U W-: ^ -Aa*?* MME. RITA. THE WORLD'S <;RKATBSt"paLM". 1st aud sstrolow. now holding receptions at ? . '23 Wh at. b.w. noK lit* Fee, 28c. and 80c. MADAME I'ATHUISt. WASHINGTON'S fl" Wrltf palmlit and card reader. 910 New York rea?linsa. 25 and 50 casta. Zxt-tt LOAN COMPANIES. ' now ABOtTT EXTRA HON"BY FOR THE HO(UI>AYS? WE MAKE $110 to $300 Without removal and within two hours after yoa leave application. Be sure that yon make no mistake on what a loan coats you. We guarantee that the total cort here la much less than the so-called cheap-rate companies. No commission#; no notary feea. Other compares paid off. Salary loans made to steady employes. WE HAVE A BRANCH AGENCY AT 12T.0 32ND ST.. WHERE RESIDENTS OF GEOBGETTOWN MAY LEAVE APPLICATIONS. IF NOT CONVENIENT TO CALL AT OCR OFFICE. POTOMAC GUARANTEE LOAN CO., #28 F STREET N.W.. Atlantic building, rooms 21, 23. 24. Second floor; stair way or elevator. del-40d Side entrance on 9th si. Private offices. Ready Money? ?It often happens that a Person wants A? a loan immediately, but doesn't know * where to iret If. Next time you're In that fix consult Horning. Ix>an* made on Diamonds, Watch**, Jewelry or Household Goods in storage. Money Loaned Salaried People. HORNING, 9th'& D, corn!?"" del-18d you do looBsny ? muwia ar no D<J NOT GET OCR Cut Rates on Furniture amid Piano Loams WITHOUT REMOVAL BEFORE GOING KI.SEWHEUEL $io for 50c. a month. $25 for 87c. a month. $50 for $1.65 a month. $75 for $2.45 a month. $100 for $2.65 a month. Other amounts In proportion. We pay off hlghprlred loan companies and. advance you more moaey. no publicity, no r>ra.AY. Mutual Loan and Trust Co. 918 FfcSt. N.W. Rooms 12 and 13. Second Floor. del 35d 3% of $10 or upward on furniture, pianos, salary assignments, etc., nt the lowest rates of any companv in the city. No recording. No publicity. Private rooms on the second floor. Evary payment on loan reduces interest. Loans with other companies paid off and more money advanced at a lower rate. No expense to make loan. Room 1, Warder Building, 9th and F n.w. no21-tf,20 To Yourself?To Your Family Demands that If you must borrow money, tou should borrow as cheap as you can. Do not belt"Te that all loan companies charge the samr? rates, because that is not true. Investigate for yourself. This company was organized five mouths ago In iv*l>onse to a popular demand for an institution that would make loans to deserving persons in amounts from $25.00 to $500.00, In easy payments and at reasonable rates. The immediate success and large patrouage secured proved that its establishment satisfied a long-felt want in this city. The management has been surprised and gratified at the volume of business transacted thus far. and is encouraged to expect even a larger number of applications as the people learn that it is no longer necessary for them to pay the excessive charges made by the older loan companies. Wo? uant every man and every woman now carrying a loan to call at our offices or write us for oar terms. Then wo want them to compare our rates with those they are paying now and see how much they will save by dealing with a company that charges only three cents on the dollar for the use of its money. We will take up your loan with the other companies and give you a new start. It is your dutv to accept our offer. LOAN & TRUST 400 COMMERCIAL BANK BCILDINQ. N.W. COR. T.4TH AND G STS. nr>23-40d If Yon Are In Need of Any Snm From And Want It the CHEAPEST It Can Be Had. Come to "Loan Headquarters,' 6110 F N. W. We loan on household goods, horses, wagons, pianos and fixtures. You can get the money within a FEW HOURS of the time you apply. -THE OLD RELIABLE." Loam Co., 61! 0 F St. N. W. Room nol-tr^c MONEY For everybody at rates lower than the lowest. Don't be deceived; come to us and Investigate Business strictly confidential. No one knows of your transactions with us. We lend on furniture, pianos or salary. If yon have a loan now any where and need more money, come to us. Nothing deducted from loan. You get full amount. Ex ten* felons in case of sickness without extra charge. Metropolitan Loan amd Trust Co., 505 E St. N. W. fe6-tf,20 Money for the Holidays MAY BE OBTAINED FROM TUB Columbia Quararstee Co., 613 r ST. N.W., ABSOLUTELY WITHOCT DELAY an4 tf-16 OR PUBLICITY. IF ANY ONE TKLTJJ tod that WE CANNOT OU DO NOT LOAN or any amount from IS to |SOO. they nre firing oa some free advertising. "Ererj knock la ? boost." Call and find out for yourself whether ire loan $63 at this rate and allow yon to carry the loan as long as yon like, without any other charges. That la what we advertise and that Is whst we do. although the F street companies charge yon 13.12 per month for ISO. If yon half a loan now consult us. We will be glad to pay It off and advance you more money and belt) yoo fet out of debt. National Loan and Investment Co., NE- <fi f0crth corner niyiaa hj, -^ooh THK ONLY INDEPENDENT COMPANT. ocl8Md t IF YOU NEED MONEY. 2 We are making loans on fnrnltore, pianos, ' ' etc., without removal, at the lowest rataa ] [ In the city. We ray off loana with other ' ' companies and advance more money. All 4 1 business strictly ? uufidvntlal. If you want ? 1 ' private loan Oil out this blank, cat It oat ' * mall It to ua. and our agent will call at once. Tel. Main <873. Name Address Amount wanted, f DISTRICT LOAN CO F at. ?.w. Private offices. ? Cor. 7th F Sts. I aeU-tf LOAF COKPAKIS8. "ss; TTH AND D STB. ?.W. BAT?B REA?ONA?La ?e3.0.tf Why Pay 110 Whea you can *5 get it here ^j) for?. ? ? ? ? ? MoDfT loaned on Wat chef, Diamonds, Jewelry, Ac. Established 1870. H. K. Fulton's Loan Office, 814 NINTH STREET N. W. se23-tf.U Money Loaned Salaried People And other* without security; easy payments. Largest business In 52 principal cities. TOLr MAN. Room 506, 533 15th at. n.w. oc6-tf.5 QUICK LOANS On Furniture Without Removal. $10 and upward. Lfwrtl rate*. No publicity. Investigate our rebate system. Loans with other companies paid on. Money same day. If you caonot call WRITE OB 'PHONE an* onr confidential agent will eall on you ana give you rate* and fnfi partlcnlara. TELEPHONE MAIN >012. AMERICAN LOAN CO., 611 Fourteenth St. N.W. Remember the Location. Over Call Calvert. nol-90t,20 MEDICAL. 11 * Kxpert in the cure of ail forms of contagions blood ami skin diseases of men and women. All affec? (tons of a delicate nature quickly cured. Advice 512 loth at. n.w. nol?-tf Or. Shade Says: "1 positively cure eonaumption and rheumatism." Consul ta I Ion free. 602 F at. n.w. nolt-flOt Dr. Fisk Elgin, Expert trestment of private diseases, chronic and acute. Both sexes. All consultations confidential. Medicine furnished Prices moderate. Honrs. 8 to 1 3 to 8. 7 to ?. 1233 Ps. are. '1'hoDe M. 1819. au3-l!H>t*8 Or. Nicholson. A CORRECT DIAGNOSIS INSURES PROMPT RELIEF AND CURE. . SPECIALIST. General office practice, acute and chronic diseases ' of every character. Men, women and children. L Every case receives personal attention at modest charges. Including medicines. X-Ray for examination and treatment. Consultation free. 1305 H ST. N.W. oc2-00t-eSu-20 W T IIALDUS, M. D., PH. D., GERMAN SPSclallat on Diseases of the Brain, Nervous System, Heart Kidneys, Stomach and other Diseases. Doctor's service and medicine, $2. Tel. M. 2516. Hours, 10 to 1, 4 to 9. S. E. cor. 0th and F n.w. lylb-tf.6 "DiTo Reed, Specialist, 509 112th Street 25 YEARS' KSSSSFfe Diseases of the Brain and Nervous System, Skin, I Blood, Heart, Stomach, Liver, Kidneys, Bladder. Nose, Throat and Lungs. Stricture, Varicocele and I Hydrocele cured. No pain. No loss of time. I Blood Diseases and Disorders of the urinary organs promptly relieved and permanently cured by safe methods Charges low. Free consultation In I person or by letter. Hours: 10 to 1 and 3 to 6, ; Sundays, 10 to 1. col2-tf,20 HOTELS. The Jl Q rm Jl i 14th and K Sts, N.W. Eugeirae S. Cochran, Pr. ?ol-SOt.15 HOTEL GORDON, 18TH AND 1 STS. In the select residential district of Washinjgton and only two squares from the White House. N.wly renovated. LONG DISTANCE TELEPHONE IN EACH ROOM. American plan, $3.00 to $5.00 per day. ?23-#0t-lS WM. P. KENNEY. DENTISTRY. TEETH WITHOUT PLATES; NO EXTRACTING, no pain: feel, act and last longer than natural teeth; shrunken faces made normal; painleaa Ailing. Dr. J. L. WILSON. 1203 F st. n.w^noii-S0t? FARMS. 8ELLEVUE FARM IF?IS SALE. ON NATIONAL PIKE. ONE MILE EAST OF FREDERICK. MD. 21! ACRES. Was the property of the late Charles N. Hargett and formerly owned by Lewis McMurray of Baltimore. All new buildings; dwelling heated by steam, and other modern Improvements; land equal to any In Maryland; is a model suburban home and farm. Call on or address Cramer <& Stauffer, Real Estate Agents, FREDERICK, MD. no30-eo,3t* First American Theatrical Company. David Belasco, In Success Magazine. William Hallam has been called the father of the American stage, a title ho does not deserve, inasmuch as he was merely the backer of ths> enterprise that his brother Lewis was to manage. The same William Hallam was the manager of the Goodman Fields Theater, in London, where David Garrick made his debut. In 1741. We are told that the first permanent American company was formed on the sharing plan. The number of shares was fixed at eighteen. There were twelve adult performers, including the manager, and each performer was allowed a share. Lewis Hallam had another share as manager, and a share was allowed to his three children, the remaining four shares being for the profit of the backer for the use of his money. A company willing to agree to the terms was enlisted, the plays were selected and the parts were assigned. The pieces chosen were those that were most popular on the London stage at that time, and many of them continued to be played by the American company from 1752 down to the revolution. At Williamsburg, in tho Virginia colony, on September 5, 1752. Lewis Hallam produced, for the first time in America, "The Merchant of Venice." The building which was used for a theater was in the suburbs of the town, and it is said that It stood so near the woods that the manager often stood in liia door and shot pigeons for dinner. There was no orchestra for this occasion, but Mr. Pel ham, who gave lessons on the harpsichord in the town, was engaged with his instrument to supply the music. The performance began with a prologue. As it was the first composition that is preserved written for and addressed to an American audience it is looked upon today as a curiosity. The Humber. From the London Chronicle. The number Is a proud river today; he has a government commission all to himself. Tilings have not been going well with the great estuary lately, and the exoerts are now to be called In. The Humber, since the ancient king of that name fell into the river and was drowned, has always given himself airs. His name, however. Is really of baser ofrigin, and a mere corruption of "aber," the confluence of tho waters. Then tho Humber cannot be considered as a patriotic river, for he gave free entrance to the hostile fleets of Norse kings on four occasions. But his crowning aot of malice was to swallow up the ancient port of R?venspur, where Henry IV landed in 1390. It will be the business of the commission which proposes to sit upon hW.i to subdue his appetite in this direction. Sheriff Kaiser received a stay of sentence at Buffalo yesterday in the case of Alonzo J. Wtdteman, convicted of grand larceny and sentenced to eight year* in Auburn prison. % Scopolamine to Take Place of Ether and Chloroform. PO WERFUL ANESTHETIC NEW F REPARATION PRODUCES A NATURAL SLEEP. Most Difficult Surgical Cases Treated wi?h Comparatively Little Danger by Use of Discovery. A new anesthetic, which will prove a great blessing to mankind and which the operating surgeon is hailing with Joy, has recently been brought to this country and Is attracting the favorable notice of surgeons. Within the past few weeks the medical and surgical professions of Europe and America have been stirred as never before since the- discoveries of ether and chloroform by ihe introduction into surgical practice of this new general anesthetic, which seems to leave nothing to be desired. This new drug is called "scopolamift," and with its introduction into the operating room most of the objections and disadvantages of the older anesthetics disappear. The discovery of ether and chloroform revolutionized the science of surgery and for fifty years has been the greatest boon to suffering humanity. By Its use many operations theretofore impossible have been performed and tens of thousands of lives saved. Without the use of these general anesthetics surgery could never have made the great strides It has, even with the knowledge and aid of antiseptic and aseptic me.thods now in use. Notwithstanding that ether and chloroform are the anesthetics universally used in surgery, the fact remains that they have serious disadvantages which could not be removed, and hence for a number of years science has sought to discover some anesthetic that was free .from these drawbacks while still producing complete surgical anesthesia. This great discovery seems now to have been made, and with its use the preliminary suffering anticipatory of a surgical operation will pass away, together with all the subsequent disadvantages attendant upon the use of ether and chloroform, while diminishing the risk to the patient. New Anesthetic an Alkaloid. This new anesthetic agent, scopolamine. Is an alkaloid obtained from Scopolia Japonica, or Scopola carniollca, one of the family of solanaceae, from which atropla and other familiar alkaloids are obtained. Scopolamine has been known and used a number of years as a powerful mydriatic In dilating the pupil of the eye and as a sedative, but only recently has it been known to have anesthetic properties. In 1890 Schmidt extracted scopolamine from the Scopolia Japonica plant, and it was used as a sedative for the insane and as a mydriatic by ophthalmologists in a solution of one-tenth to one-fifth per cent. In 1900 Schneiderlin combined it with morphine and used it to produce general surgical anesthesia, but it does not appear to have met with favor until 1903, when numerous German surgeons began to use it and published their results. It was first administered in the Pitit Hospital, France, December 5, 1!X>4. Physiologically its action Is said to be very similar to hyoscine. The patient Is thrown into a profound sleep, from which he awakens as from a natural sleep. Produces Natural Sleep. Among the advantages of this new anesthetic and one of the most important Is that the worry and dread and excitement usually preceding the administration of a general anesthetic and the transportation of the patient to the operating room are entirely abolished. Also the patient has no recollection of anything which takes place after the first or second Injection. He lies quietly in liis toed, chatting, perhaps, with the nurse or doctor, when a hypodermic injection is given to Induce him to go to sleep. In a little while he becomes drowsy and falls to sleep. A second injection Is given. and the sleep, which is perfectly natural, becomes deeper. If the patient Is shaken or called loudly he will awake as from a natural slumber, but pinching or pricking has no effect. After sleeping an hour a third injection is usually given, which causes complete anesthesia. The operation Is then performed and need not be hurried; the wound Is dressed, and still the sleep continues for from three to live hours, when the patient awakens as from a natural and refreshing slumber. He has no sense of pain or discomfort. No nausea ensues, as is the case when ether or chloroform are used. No knowledge of having had any operation performed Is apparent. The patient usually asks, upon awakening, when they are going to operate. No un-. pleasant after-effects are present. After receiving some nourishment the patient usually falls to sleep again, and may not awaken again until next morning. Even then no pain Is experienced at the seat of the operation, as the anesthesia remains for one or two days. These advantages are of the greatest Importance and value and seem to greatly enhance the chances of recover!" even after the most serious operations. Operations lasting hours, If necessary, can be performed without the patient knowing ? or feeling or remembering anything. Such has been the case in about one-half of the cases thus far. The only difficulty observed 1 thus far is in determining the amount of ' the drug to be administered, owing to the difference in susceptibility of patients. But , this difficulty Is easily overcome toy. beginning with a minimum dose. , Administer Hypoderniically. i Anesthesia toy means of scopolamine Is effected by hypodermic injections made with an ordinary syringe; its administration Is. therefore, extremely simple. All operators do not use the same solution, nor do they proceed in the same manner. On one point, however, they all agree?all recognize the necessity of adding a certain amount of morphine to the scopolamine solution, as morphine Is a powerful antidote to scopolamine and renders Its use harmless. The most Important point Is the relative propor1 tlon that the solution should contain of each of these drugs, not only as regards Its ' harmlessness, but as regards Its anesthetic ?-ffect. It is usually given In three hypodermic Injections, the patient passing with each into a deeper sleep, until, after the third, he is quite insensible. In the statistics that have been published It Is found ?hat Israel discovered that an average ot 9.6 per cent of the patients sleep perfectly without the use of any other anesthetlo; Dirk 11.1 per cent, and Block 25 per cent. It should be noted that when It is necessary to employ an additional anesthetic it must ' never be ether, but always chloroform. Advantages of Scopolamine. [ From the fact that a patient can be aroused by shaking or being spoken to In a loud voice it Is necessary to observe certain precautions: He must be moved with great oare and absolute silence must be observed during the operation. The advantages In the use of the new anesthetic are numerous. The patient is saved the fear of nitrous oxide gas, ether and chloroform?the preliminary struggling of anesthetization, the post-operative retching, vomiting, thirst, "ether back," and much of the pain. It is a well-known historical fact that certain plants and drugs were used toy the ancients to deaden pain before operations. Dloscorldes in his writings speaks of the "sleeping apple" and gives directions for Its preparation as follows: Take the Juice of thie water hemlock, the leaves of the poppy, the leaves of the hyoseyamus plant, the root of the mandogora and a small por? tlon of musk, beaten together until the Juice Is extracted. In case of amputation, or when the h<|t Iron was used to sear a wound to close the veins and arteries before the time of Ambrose Pare, who discovered how to tie an artery, this fluid was placed on a sponge and applied to the nostrils to deaden pain. Paulus Aeginatus refers to the use of the wine of the mandrake . plant to relieve the pain of amputation. In Biblical Times. r According to Lyman, the wine, or vinegar, mentioned la the Bible as used to allay the pain of the thlavea who were crucified was the jute* of the mandrake. It was probably the same wine or vinegar that was put upon the sponge and offered to Christ upon the cross. As parly as the twelfth century the Chinese ueed cannibls Indicae to- relieve pain. The first use of ether as an anesthetic In a surgical o?peratlon was in 1842 by Dr. Crawford W. I?ng of Georgia. In 184fl Dr. Morton made a public demonstration of the use of sulphuric ether, administering it to ft man upon whom Dr. J. Collins Warren performed an operation, and the patient recovered. Chloroform was discovered by Prof. Von Lelblg and by Souberln, working independently, in 1831, b?t was not used as an anesthetic until after ether had been introduced. Then came nitrous oxide and cocaine, and now we have the newest and what possibly may prove the best and most harmless general anesthetic?scopolamine. RUSSIA'S SOOTH PLAINS GHOSTS OF THE OLD NATIONS, GLOOMY AND TERRIBLE. The Giant Range of the Caucasus? Passes at a Great Height?Hostile Mountain Tribes. From the London New*. The traveler who should seek to cross from the southern plains of Russia over into J Persia or Arabia by the land between the i Caspian and the Black seas would find himj self confronted by a sight which for gloom and terror has hardly any equal in the | world. Rising sheer from the vast arid i plain, like a great foam-crested biHow about to break on a desolate beach, a billow ten thousand feet high and eight hundred miles ! long, the' snow-capped Caucasus stretches across from sea to sea with a dreadful, threatening savage majesty of mien. Its. peaks are not so high as many of the Alps, I it has not the projecting spurs and isolated I craggy heights whose groupings give new | and beautiful views at every step. It Is just an immense mountain chain, an unbro'-en fold or crease on the earth's surfaco. Though the Alps have higher peaks, the lowest pass across the Cauoasus Is nearly double the height of the Alpine crossing places. The Caucasus has no lakes, only turbid muddy rivers flowing from the ice j fields of its central ridge. Even these are I missing in the east, where the ridge lowvr* toward the Caspian. Ghosts of Bygone Races. Amid the Alpine heights of Europe we have ruined keeps and precipitous, rockbound fastnesses that have marked struggles that have turned the tide of empire j and won the liberties of a race. Still in our imagination the crags echo to the sound of clarion and of drum. Like moving forests the pikes advance along the mountain path, the hero scales the castle wall. But the terror and desoia-tion of the Caucasus forever kept apart the people to the north and south. On the one hand civilizations rose and fell?the Babylonian, the Assyrian, the Greek, the Egyptian, the I Roman, the republics of the middle ages? | but to the north the great plains were ever inhabited by the wild, lawless nomads. And so from the very beginnings of time the Caucasus has stayed the human tide, and i as conquering races swept all before them below, the weak, the peaceable, the unfit have been driven higher and higher into inaccessible gorges and wild, bogr-covered j valleys. A strange mixture of races, dating hack from immemorable antiquity, has been washed up like surf on to the slopes of tlu'^e giant mountains. The I'd, the Kurln. the Avar, the Tush, belong to races that perished before Europe was discovered. Seven languages are spoken in the Caucasus, each unintelligible to the tribes using the rest. Some of them are related to the early tongues of Europe, others have no known affinities, and seem to be among the languages of Babel that did not "catch on." Here am'd these mountains we have the ghosts of ancient peoples who have , gone under In the world-struggle. There ' may well be tribesmen here whose ancestor was driven high by the flood, and settled within sight of Ararat and his cousin Noah. There are still tribes who array themselves in helmets and chain armor and carry spears like those of three thousand years ago. Others have strange ritual practices that have come down from the dawn of the world, mingling their pagan rites with worship of the "Christ God" and the angels of I the river, the forest and the mountain. They have blood feuds which go on for generations, like those of Corsica in the past. How Russia Took the Caucasus. It is a mistake to suppose that Russia took the Caucasus by a general warlike movement. There was no need. Divided by religion into Christians, Mohammedans and pagans, divided by languages which made | therm mutually unintelligible?surely If Esperanto is needed anywhere it is there?the tribes of this strange museum of bygone races could take no united action. Throughout the first three-quarters of the nineteenth century Russia was employed in absorbing the Caucasus piece by piece. Only two of the Caucasian races made any| thing like strong resistance. In the east a | Mohammedan prophet, Shamyl of the Avar stock, which overran a great part of Europe in the seventh century, and was only finally conquered by Charlemagne, led the l.esghlans of Daghestan in a religious war against Russia. Crafty, daring and fertile in resource, occupying mountain slopes cut by impassable gorges, Shamyl was believed by his followers to have a charmed life. Only when the Russians built great forts and military roads, and gradually inclosed him. at enormous expense, did Shamyl surrender at his castle of Gunib in 1859. He passed some years of honorable captivity near Moscow, and was then allowed as a devout Mohammedan to end his days in peace at Mecca. Very different was the story of the Tcherkesses, or Circassians, who opposed Russia in the western section of the Caucasus. The Circassians were hardly the peaceable race of whoso golden-haired captive princesses in the harems of the east our boyish dreams were full. Warlike, splendid horsemen and marksmen, they lived almost entirely by pillage. In 1864 they submitted, and Russia, knowing them to be unmanageable in the mountains, gave them the choice of coming down into the plains or emigrating into Turkish territory. They chose the latter course, and were welcomed by the sultan, but as his ships arrived at the Black sea ports to meet them long after the proper time, large numbers perished of hardship and disease. Some were settled In Armaria, others in Bulgaria, others in various parts of Asia Minor, and wherever they went there has been trouble since. The intermediate tribes between the Tcherkesses and the Leshglans,.both Tartar and?Christlan, would not assist Shamyl, and made practically no fight. A period of experiments in colonization followed, frugal, careful, trading Armenians were settled in the mountain country, and all seemed going on peacefully when Prince Galltzin conceived the idea of setting the Tartars to keep the Armenian political agitators in order, and thus provoked discord which has had disastrous consequences since and threatens now to throw the whole region into revolutionary flame. Homobonus. From the London Chronicle. The appalling responsibility of those who have to live up to such Christian names as Nelson Togo or Gladstone Darwin is not greater than that-of a boy christened Homobonus (Good Man). It would not have been surprising if the twelfth century Lombard boy thus burdened had grown Into a poisoner and assassin from sheer diffidence. Instead of which he lived so well up to his name that he was canonized for doing so, and Is commemorated on November 13. What astounded his contemporaries about his unfailing virtue and honesty, however, was that he was a merchant's ?son and in business himself. But he proved to a wondering age that honesty was rewarded by business prosperity, and cannily answered his wife's reproaches as to his excessive charity by reminding her that there was Scriptural authority for the good interest paid on lending tto the Lord. Two indictments were returned at St. Louis yesterday by the federal grand Jury against B. Q. LfwH. president of the People's United tSates Bank and publisher of the Woman's Magaslne and Woman's Farm Journal. Frauiand ^nspiracy are charged. Polite Procedures in Regard] j to Invitations. CARDS AND CALLING BRIEF GREETINGS ONLY AT FORMAL FUNCTIONS. Hints on Conversation for These and Other Social Events. Written for The Star. There is no more popular way of coming In touch with friends and acquaintances than at the afternoon reception between the hours of 4 and 7. This is a most convenient time for all classes of society to come together. The result is a very general form of entertainment. Including the formal Introduction of a daughter into social life and the simple "at home" when friends dfop In for a short chat and cup of tea. Invitations for the former function are engraved, and a large stiff pasteboard c&i'd reads something as follows: Mrs. Frederick Park Itunnewell, The Misses Hunnewell. At Home Wednesday afternoon. November twenty-eighth. From four until seven o'clock, 15 Berkeley Place. Written acceptances or regrets for invitations of this sort are not necessary. If the recipient is not able to attend the calling card is sent by mail on the day of the function. For a man at least two cards must be sent, one to the mother and one to the eldest daughter. Each is inclosed in a separate envelope which fits the card perfectly, and if a man knows some other daughter particularly well a card is also sent to her. For a girl one card to the mother is all that Is essential. In the matter of dress for these formal receptions a girl always wears light clothes, with hat and gloves to match, and nowhere do furs with fluffy scarfs or bows of tulle appear to better advantage than in the brilliantly lighted and flower-filled rooms of the debutante's home. A man's costume consists of frock coat with light trousers, white or gray vest and gray suede gloves. A tall silk hat Is worn with this afternoon suit. The Time to Arrive. As to the proper time for arriving at the hostess' home, a person pleases his own convenience. Between 6 and half after 6 the house is most crowded, and a guest has a better opportunity of conversing with the receiving party if he chooses an earlier or a later -hour. Arriving promptly at 4, however, is not In good form, and with a quarter to 7 as the latest hour of putting in an appearance a guest should take his departure very shortly after 7. Stationed in the front hall at these large receptions is a maid or butler, who opens the door for the arriving guest and directs him to the room where wrajis are removed. In city houses this is generally upstairs, a separate room being provided for girls and one for men, though in the modern apartment hotel one dressing room serves for all. and is a small ante-room Just off a large reception room on the ground or second floor. A girl retains all outer wraps with the exception of a coat, while a man enters the drawing room unhampered with gloves or hat or cane. The receiving party, with the mother or chaperon first, stands in line by the drawing room door. On entering a guest gives his or her name to the servant who intercepts the way to the hostess. The name should be uttered very distinctly, though In a subdued tone, in order that the hostess may be prepared to meet the right person. Many embarrassing situations occur through mistakes in repeating the name, and a guest must consider tho number which the servant Is obliged to repeat as well as the endless line of faces that a hostess greets during the afternoon. A cordial handshake and a courteous word to the hostess is sufficient, a guest then passing on to speak with the daughters and any other young ladles who may be receiving with them. Unless the rooms are comparatively empty, these greetings should be very short and the guest should either turn and talk with friends who may be standing near or make his way to the dining room. In the Dining Room. Here some servant or one of the receiving party offers refreshments, which comprise a salad or aspic concoction, and later an Ice with cakes and demitasse. These are eaten while standing. In case a guest is unacquainted with other persons In the room. It Is quite proper to enter Into a general conversation with some one near who is not otherwise engaged. Twenty minutes Is a sufficiently long time to remain. After a few expressions of appreciation to the receiving party a guest tak"!8 his departure. As a girl passes out the door she drops two calling cards, one for the mother and one for the eldest daughter. In a silver tray that rests on the hall table or Is held out by a servant for the purpose. A mah leaves cards for the mother and daughter, and one for the father if his name appears on the invitation. Should some mutual friend have been unable to attend, a girl or man may leave cards at the same time, thus obviating the necessity of the friends sending the cards by mail. Invitations for a reception of a less formal character than the Introduction of a daughter to society are seldom engraved. A hostess' calling card serves as the announcement of the function, with the date of the day she is to be at home in one corner. If a friend is to receive with her, this friend's name appears in the other lower corner. Accepting the Invitation in person or sending cards on the day for which it Is issued is the only answer necessary. Suitable attire for such an at home Is less elaborate than for a larger reception, and a man often appears In a business suit, though the frock coat is In correct form. A girl wears her best street gown and light gloves and hat. On entering the house, the maid who opens the door presents a silver tray In which a guest places one card and asks to see the hostess, calling her by her last name preceded by Miss or Mrs. The maid should take the card at once to her mistress, the guest following her into -the drawing room. A dressing room is seldom provided for Informal afternoon receptions, and a girl retains her outer wraps, while a man leaves overcoat and hat and gloves on the hall rack. Suits All Alike. The general atmosphere at these "at homes" is similar to that at formal functions and the etiquette for a debutante's coming out is equally suited to the former entertainment. Rooms are always lighted by artificial means, the shades being drawn aa though for evening. Refreshments are served In a room adjoining the one in which the hostess receives, and one or more of her friends usually preside at small tables. Tea or chocolate with sandwiches and small cakes are served rather than a heavy caterer's lunch. Half an hour is plenty of time to spend at such a function. If the hostess and her guest of honor are very busy at the time of entering, a guest, after a few words of greeting, proceeds to the outer room, where the ladles who are serving are supposed to see that each person in the room Is supplied with dainties from the table. On taking leave a guest should make a few courteous remarks to each of these women. If the hostess is very much engaged. It is not necessary to return to her, though the guest of honor should be spoken to, that she may know your pleasure at meeting her and the hope of seeing her at some future day. The last of these afternoon receptions is a general day each week on which a woman receives her friends. Calling eards are sent out at the beginning of each season, stating the day a hostess has decided upon. In all cities this is decidedly the most convenient way of meeting one's friends, and whenever calls are made it should be on this fixed day. The courtesy thus extended should be accepted at least once during a season. A cup of tea is usually served on these Informal afternoons, and a caller drinks It with hisor herJ""*" drawing room,^ maid 1y acquainted, a call of this aort I* limited to half an hour. Pleasing Conversation. At all these afternoon functions conversation plays an Important part. To find something that li really worth wblle to say to a dozen or fifteen people In the apace of fifteen or twenty minutes la not nn easy matter. Remarks to the hostess should he brief and consist of a simple expression <>f the artistic decorations of her rooms, the beauty of tha flowers she Is wearing or her own attractive appearance. It Is a great mistake to talk about personal Interests unless the hostc&M makes ^ point of inquiring into them. Make her and her surroundings the center of Attraction rather than yourself. This rule holds good also for the casual meeting with other friends or new acquaintances. The latest book or the popular play or recent musical happenings which are fresh In people's minds afford the best topics of conversation. T>eeper subjects than these or dIscussions of private affairs are not In keeping with afternoon functions which are as hurried and superficial as the modern crowded reception. SALT MINE IS INFERNO VIEWS RIVAL DANTE'S IMAGINARY VISIONS OF HADES. One Mine in Roumanta Was Worked by the Romans?Methods of Getting Out the Crystals. j From tbe Strand Magazine There are four salt mines in Roumanla, two quite doso to onn another, at Slanto and Doftana. One of the mines at Slanlo date., back to the time of the Roman*, whose methods were not so scientific as thoso of their modern successors. They made, bottle-shaped excavations quite close to one another, with the result that tho wedge of earth between tho bottles constantly threatened to subsid*. Indeed, the other day an enormous mass, weighing I am afraid to say how many tons, camo down with a crash, and tho old mine had to be abandoned. Modern method* avoid ajiy such danger. Instead of burrowing down again into a new mine you cut horizontal galleries into the rock, huge pillars of salt are left stan<?Ing to support the earth and fresh caverns are hollowed out. Thus, without any extra amount of labor, It is iRisslble to extend the mine almost Indefinitely, and the pillars serve to confirm the ecclesiastical effect of the great subterranean basilica. I saw the old Roman mine from one ??f the upper galleries, which was reached by strange, almost endless tunnels. Illuminated with gay Chinese lanterns A little verdure alone was needed to complete the illusions of the gardens of Aladdin. The Impressions afforded by the view from this gallery were so unique and ko marvelous that I hesitate to attempt to describe them. Reminded of Dore's Pictures. Some minutes were necessary to grow accustomed to the twilight. A few braziers containing shavings soaked in petroleum were flaring up in a feverish manner, and as I looked over Into the darkness of the abyss I was reminded of Dore's version of Dante looking Into tho uttermost deptlis of hades. What struck me roost was the Insecurity of my position. There was, of course, no danger whatever, and the ledge on whl?-h 1 Mood was fairly broad. Rut It possessed no parapet, and In order to look down it was necessary to come very near to the brink. What addled most to the sense of Insecurity was a kind of pier or commencement of a bridge which projected over tho abyss. I do not know whether It duted back to tho days of the Romans, but at any rate It was almost prehistoric In aspect. I did not need the advice of my companions to discourage any attempt at walking tho plank along this road to destruction, but I have seen few places capable of affording more temptation to those with suicidal inclinations. Suddenly a signal was given and enormous bonfires were cast down from the roof of the mine. Several long seconds elapsed before they fizzled out In the pond of salt water hundreds of feet below. The eltect was extraordinary. First the gray walls were llumlnated as the huge molten mass blazed past them; then they were overcast with fleeting, ghostly shadows, and at last plunged once more Into the darkness, which was only emphasized by the flickering lights above. Tub Covered With Dripping-s. Perhaps the prettiest object in this old mine was a common tub which had been placed some years ago upon the ledge to receive the drippings of salt water. I tasted this water and found it so salty that It almost bit and solidified on my tongue, as the drops fell the greater part of them Immediately crystallized with Incredible rapidity. The original tub was no longer to be seen. It had been covered up entirely with glistening Incrustations, which gave It the appearance of a huge snow fountain adorned with the most exquisitely artistic designs. It was now about six feet high and several feet in thickness, while a piece of string which had been suspended above it had now become a rope of molten pearls. Returning along the tunnel wo passed % little trap door about two feet square. This was pulled up, and I was privileged to look down Into the new mine and behold one or the most remarkable sights to be found In the world. Hundreds of feet below, upon a rugged field of dazzling whiteness, suggestive of the Ice pack In the arctic regions, herds of men. each apparently as large as a cheesemlte, moved about feverishly like tha occupants of an ant heap. Here and there points of electric light shone like suspended stars. The general impression was that of a nest of Insects viewed through a Brobdingnaglan magnifying glass. Fairy Music From ther Depths. A hushed, tinkling nofse came up from the depths, like fairy music. I thought I should never tire of watching the graceful movements of these remote human insects. I almost began to fancy that they must belong to another planet, and such was tha extraordinary fascination exercised by this marvelous sight that I found It a painful wrench to tear myself away. I could have remained crouching over this peephole fo* hours, and I felt quite annoyed with the director of the mine when He patiently reminded me that I still had much to see before the departure of my train. So we returned along the gallery and entered one of the powerful lifts which are employed to bring up trucks of salt from the bottom of the mine. Tha director assured me that I need not have any alarm about the capacity of the lift, as It was constructed to carry more than twenty-five hundredweight. Indeed, we crawled down at a snail's pace, and had an opportunity of studying the strange natural frescos on the walls. They were merely geological formations, of course, but they assumed the shapes here of wild sea Rerpents. there of decorative patterns, and every now and then of Impossible heraldic animals. Dados on dados, I mentally summed them up. We stepped out on to the floor of a Titanic cathedral, a vast liastlica, where armies might have knelt in prayer, and where people who knew no other world might easily Imagine that this was the universe. Even the great, strong electric globes could only create a dim religious light in this huge edifice. The lofty walls were marked with curly stripes of sparkling gray and white, running up and down Hke the wares of a tempestuous sea. Along the various naves and aisles rude tramways were laid out upon a kind of embankment of salt. Here trucks were waiting to be fed by the miners, who came up ladders and elementary gangways bearing loads from the salt trenches below. The atmosphere was utterly unlike any I had ever breathed elsewhere. It was very dry, very pungent, highly exhilarating, like some mineral water turned Into a gas. There was a pleasure in' quaffing it with deep breaths, but presently as you licked your Hps you tasted salt, you smelt salt, you felt yourself Impregnated with salt. It was almost possible to understand the sensations of Lot's wife. The prevailing desire was an Inordinate craving for the immediate consumption of beverages by the bucketful. Mrs. Anna Merrill, widow of Bishop Stephen M Merrill, who died In New Jersey November 12, died in Chicago Thursday wight ?f paralysis ?C the Iwwt

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