4 THE OMAIIA SUNDAY BEE: AUGUST 12, 1906. Omaha Supplies Many Thousands of Gallons of Ice Cream Annually IV I V-..' V' -. . - I 1. ; T J: ''v( .v. S.-f. - - V & ; - S , f v:,v.- 4. vr- iP- iti-:,7S 4 .J.--ii M 1.1 1 " ' 1i I Mi i'llinf ii CLEANING AND STERILIZING THE ICE CREAM CANS. PACKING 53BiS IN ICE PREPAHATOttT W 6VMENT. TV1IXN THE CREAM 13 FROZEN'. - .... rt '-r VT'11 . .i 4.-:.':, '. 4V,t A Vfr.: I t'1-? '15 a 4 ''''' f t:;V-f vy-r.f;r;').7-. Wp u jjtfM' i.rrrLE private picnics use some. Ml j ill BOUT t,000 gallons of Ice cre.m are manufactured dally In ')maha during the Blx months of vhe ice' cream season, and enough during the other . six months to bring the total up to something like $70,000 gallons annually. Four-flfthi of this enormous quantity of frosen delight is manufactured by the five large establishments who manufacture for the wholesale trade exclusively. Smaller firms do a wholesale business, and there are also a host of makers of ice cream that manufacture for their own retail trade, without taking ' into account the quantity of Ice cream that is made in families for prlVKte consumption. With these latter added to the output of the wholesalers It would not be an extravagant estimate to put the entire annual output of ice cream In Omaha at 400,000 gallons. Notwithstanding the doubling of the prloe of Ice In Omaha during the present aeasVm, little diminution Is noted In the quantity of Ice cream produced and sold. The increased cost of Ice has necessitated a slight increase in the wholesale price of loe cream, running from 6 to 10 per cent. The retail price has not been raised. One wholesaler says: "There has been some falling off in our shipping sales from the i tact of the high prloe of Ice In the mailer towns, and the consequent lack of facilities for caring for the shipments there. This loss has been balanced up by Increased sales to a greater number of consumers. The sale of the little bricks of loe cream locally, has somewhat diminished for the same reason, and fewer dealers handle them now tuan when loe is cheaper. Instead of holding the little bricks In stock as heretofore the dealers buy in less quantities, but oftener." . peach, banana and quince flavors. It Is the Invariable rule of the manufacturer to use only the pure fruit flavors. Only the purest vanlla extracts are used In flavoring creams by the wholesalers, and no case is known In Omaha where any evil effects have been produced from the purchase of flavored cream from an Omaha wholesaler. The utmost care Is taken In the preparation and manufacture of creams and Ices of all descriptions. This Is especially true as regards the coloring, Into which no deleterious compounds are permitted to enter. lee Cots Very Little Ice. Contrary to the popular Impression, lea enters very little into the manufacturing processes of cream. With the large establishments it Is frozen In brine In hermetically sealed cans, and can thus be frosen to any degree or texture of hardness. One or two of the Omaha wholesale plants have essayed to manufacture .their own ice, while others have their own ice houses. More Ice Is used In the shipment of Ice cream than In Its manufacture. The field for the Ice cream shipping trade Is generally west and northwest, though the Omaha dealers virtually control the territory within a radius of 150 miles from ICE CREAM SODA TAKES A LOT. Omaha. After this distance the Omaha dealers come Into active competition with the eastern and southern manufacturers. Ot.iaha's strongest competitors in the Missouri valley trade are Sioux City, St. Joseph and Kansas City, while Lincoln cuts somewhat Into the southern Nebraska trade. I hips Hundreds of Utiles. Ice cream can be safely shipped 600 miles from Omaha. One Arm makes frequent shipments as far west as Casper, Wyo., though the packages have to be re-iced once before reaching that remote point. Ice cream is Invariably shipped by express, and the cost of transportation is therefore a very considerable item. It can be shipped in packages in any quantity of from five to twenty-five gallons, and the general aim Is to have the shipment to not extend over twenty-four hours, which can be safely done without re-iclng. The cream Is usually shipped In the cans In which It Is made, and these are packed inside suit Able open-topped casks and the cans solidly packed and surrounded with the cask is then closed with a wooden cover and the consignment sent on its Journey. As a whole the ice cream business Is a hazardous one for the wholesaler. The utmost care Is exacted In the manufacture of the cream and then comes the equally hazardous business of shipment with the assurance that It will reach Its destination safely and unimpaired in quality, quantity and texture. A belated train or a careless consignee may involve a loss of the whole consignment or at least a partial loss of It. While Ice cream makers would prefer not to do so, yet it is not an unusual thing to again freeze over the cream that has become soft or unused. Such a condition Is likely to occur where a large order of cream is for a picnic and the day should happen to turn out rainy, or at a festival 0 it' ' $s ' k? v a-2 'J f ? s v;v'7 ' "v 3fe ":-vV.t.-''T: - I - '' : SERVED AT TnE SODA FOUNTAINS, where an excess quantity had been ordered and remained unsold. The cream naturally softens after the can has once been opened, and while It may deteriorate in texture does not necessarily deteriorate In quality. It is easily re-frozen and is then Just as good as when originally made. July is the great ice cream month of Water Power in Italy Honored by American Library Association Voarth ( Jly the Bis Day. hT Fourth of July Is generally accredited as being the climax of the Ice cream season, and from Inquiry among the Omaha' whqlesalers it is ascertained that the sales on July 4 of this year were from ( to; 10 per cent In exoess over that of 1906. One firm alone sold over 1000 gallons of Ice cream on that day, and had to turn down orders for another 600 gallons. About S.0CO little bricks of Ice cream, which are sold at 6 cents per brick, are made and sold In Omaha dally during the summer season. The great profit In Ice cream according to a leading wholesaler Is mads by the re-taller. "There Is sn established price per dish and that Is of course always placed high enough to meet any contingency of higher cost of Ice. so though the wholesale price may be Increased to the retailer the consumer, while paying the freight, does not know It." remarked this whole, saler. Prleea and Plarars. Prices of Ire cream vary according to the purpose Intended. A special flavor or special coloring or special design in color. Ing will involve an increased cost. This is particularly true of creams required for special social functions or banquets. Tet these creams are not made with any mora care than the standard flavors and colors, the Increased cost Is la the design, work and care In preoaratlon. The favorite flavor for lot ereant is vanlla, though strawberry follows It closely. Then In order of popularity come chocolate, raspberry, pineapple, coffee, orange and nectar. Flavors are msde from all the standard fruits to a greater or less degree, with the bare exception of grapa apple and currant. There are frequent calls for I f ONSUL DUNNING at Milan, In a I I report to the Department of Com- lVJ merce and Labor, details the plans of the government of Italy for the development of water power for the generation of electricty. The present cost of coal In that country Is a serious handicap to various Industries and cheaper power Is necessary If they would hold their business in competition with the outside world. Besides the supply of coal is decreasing. Some progress hud been made In harnessing water power for electrical purposes, but the government realises the necessity for more comprehensive plans to utilize fully the water power available. In northern Italy, Consul Dunning says, nearly all the small cities and a large number of villages are supplied with electrict light, while many of them have Installations of hydro-electrical power. Among . the cities of from 10,000 to 60,000 Inhabitants so equipped are Vercellt, No-vara. Pava, Bergamo, Brescia, Verona, Voghera, Alexandria, Mantua, Vlcenza and Intra, many of them being In the Milan consular district ami being prominently known for the Importance of their manufactures and for their extensive contributions to the total of exports Invoiced through this consulate. Hydro-electrical Installations have played a strong part in the commercial advancement of these thriving towns. The city of Como, one of the principal silk centers of Europe, draws Its electric lights and power from a station near Pbr- lezza, on the Lake of Lugano, through a wire twenty-seven miles long and a tension of 2,000 volts. The station includes a canal and tunnels 11,000 feet In length, by which Is utilized a typical mountain torrent with N a. fall of 835 feet. Tho station contains five groups of generators. The town of Lecco, one of the highly Important tributaries of the Milan consulate on account of Its extensive manufactories of cheese, takes its electric light and power from a water power fourteen miles distant. ' The Installation at Verona Is slightly different from these others. In that In that city there exists a canal for Industrial purposes with a fall of about thirty-five feot, which supplies a considerable number of factories. A part of the power of this canal is utilized to generate a trlphase current at a tension of 3,000 volts, at a tension of thirty-five horse power each. Conditions at Vercelll, Novara and Pavia, all commercial centers of tributary Importance to Milan, are closely analagous to those at Verona. Of vital moment In any complete consideration of the water powers of northern Italy as related to the industrial development of Milan Is the plan now well on foot to add 40,000 horse power to the available motor power which can be drawn upon by manufactories In the city. This plan comprehends the use of the waters of the Adda river, which leaves the Lake of Leoco at Lecco City. D Mfs1 Another Marriage That Did Not Fail I, 1 I ' . . .. mtmm MR AND MRS. OKOROE WHITFIKLD RTAN OF OMAHA, WHO CELEBRATED THEIR OOLDEN WJtDDINO O.N JVLT 84. ES MOINES, Aug. 9 (Special Correspondence of The Bee.) Two of Iowa's library people havo been specially honored by being made chief officers of two of the divisions of the American Library association. Miss Alice Tyler, secretary of the Iowa Library commission has been elected president of the League of Library Commissions, and A. J. Small, curator of the law department of the Iowa State Library, has been elected president of the American Association of Lew Libraries. Both associations are affiliated with the American Library association. It Is considered quite an- honcr that Iowa should be given first place In the officers' lists of two of tho affiliated organizations but in addition to this Miss Tyler was'elected to a position as a member of the council of the American Library association, receiving the largest vote of any of the five who were elected at the recent meeting of the association at Narragansett Pier. Mr. A. J. Small Is the originator of the Idea of an association of those connected with law libraries. The association was organized at the recent meeting of the American Library association. Percelvlnfj the wide field of usefulness for such an association he wrote to nearly all the law librarians in the I'nited States and Canada. The result was the organization of the association. There nre 300 law libraries In the I'nited States and Canada. The state law libraries of Iowa, Wisconsin, New York. Indiana, Massachusetts, Minnesota, Missouri, Maine, Rhode Island, Pennsylvania, and the law libraries of Harvard university. Northwestern university. Chicago university. University of Pennsylvania, University , of Maine, McGlll university. Vale university. Osgoode Hall library, Toronto; the Baltimore, New York, Cleveland and Chicago City Bar association libraries and a number of others are the Initial members of the new association. One of the flrat and most difficult tasks for tho new association Is to secure an Index of law publications such ss the Poole's Index of the current and popular magazines. It Is recognized by lawyers and law librarians that this Is one of the most Important needs of the lawyer, law student and law librarian. There is now no way of ascertaining what has been written outslle of the text, books except by an exhaustive original research through la rmMlcations. The list of officers of the new association Includes Andrew H. Hettee of the library Company of the Baltimore Bar as vice president and Franklin O. Poole of the Now York City Bar association law library and a relative of the editor of Poole's Index of current magazines. Mr. Small, who Is honored with the presidency of the association, was at one time a resident of Fairfield, la., coming to Des Moines some years ago and engaging in manufacturing. Always having a taste for the law, he began an Independent study of the subject and la now rciwguised a being Aijr"'.,'--ji MTS3 ALTCE TTLER, Des Molnea, la. one of the best posted of law librarians on law publications. He was appointed by Governor Drake as curator of the law library and In May was reappointed by the trustees of the state library to a term of six years as curator, the term beginning January 1, 1907. Miss Alice Tyler, secretary of the Iowa Library commission, who has been elected to two positions in library circles, came to Iowa in WOO, when the Library commission A. X,. SMALL, Des Moines, la. was first created, to accept the position of secretary. She has for some years been prominent In national library circles. She has held tho position of secretary of the League of Library Commissions previous to her election as president of the louguo. Miss Tyler Is a trained librarian. She is a graduate of the library school of the I'm-vcrslty of Illinois and has held positions In the public libraries of Decatur, .111., and Cleveland. O., coming from Ohio to Iowa. Thirteen Three Times Proves a Winner IACEOOERS who are superstitious I I and are swayed In the betting lVJ oneratlons by slens or omens were liberally awarded for their faith In the supernatural the other day. They bet on Nigger Mike in the first race at the Brighton Beach track and cashed bets at the ratio -of J100 to 1. He won In a driving finish by a head. The men who bet on him there were at least a acore were Influenced to do so by the mystic figures "13." He was No. "13" on the program, and as it Vas the thirteenth day of the meeting at the track by the sea the superstitious turfmen began to jabber about his chances. Some who went Into the ring and found that his odds were KO to 1. became fainthearted and remarked that the "13" spell was not potent enough to mske the horse win. "If there were three 13s, a sequence of them, as it were," said one of the weak-kneed bettors, "why then It would be all right to play Nigger Mike." Just then the speaker's eye happened to glance where the numbers of the winners are posted in the ring after a race. Before him was the mystic No. "IS." It was In the slot of the first horse and bad been there all night, ss No. 13 was the winner of the last race on the day preceding. Instantly the doubt regaining the horse's chance faded away from t he racegoer and he became in a second firmly convinced that the horse would win. "That settles it," he declared, with conviction strong in his voice; "that 13 rounds out Hie String. Me for Nigger Mike." And he rushed to a bookmaker -and bet on the colt at 100 to 1. As high as 200 to X was offered against Nigger Mike by Leo Mayer. He gat one bet of SO at these odds. J. J. Kenny, the owner of the colt, bed ISO on him at l'JO to 1. "Ellly" Porter, who recently married the young woman who received a goodly portion of the late. Captain S. 8. Brown's estate, bet M against tS.uCO. These were the principal winners, but there were at least a dozen men who had U and $5 bets on the colt. Nigger Mike was in the front rank of the big field of horses from the start to the finish. He stood a long, hsrd drive through the stretch and won by the margin of thirteen Inches, or a trifle ever a bead-New Tout' World. the year, with July 4 as the high water mark. The average citizen who will deny himself or herself Ice cream all other days of the year cannot resist the Impulse to enjoy an Ice cream feast on that day. The result Is that the sales on that day nre about three times greater than any. othsr day of the year. One Omaha firm sold over 4,000 gallons last Fourth of July, and then ran out of material. Another Arm excoeded 6,000 gallons, and It Is estimated that not less than 12,000 gallons of Ice cream were shipped out of Omaha the night of July 3 and morning of July 4 to meet Independence day trade In thi territory controlled by Omaha. The local trade was also enormous. All the wholo-salers of Omaha report that thoir trade exceeded by one-third that of July 4, llj, and the same story Is told by the retailers, restaurants and all other points whero ice cream Is sold. Where It Is Retailed. A big businoss Is done In the ice cream soda trade. In Omaha, alone are over (00 establishments that sell ice cream in one form or the other. Their sales vary according to locality and will run from five to twenty-five gallons daily during , the summer season. Nor is the ice cream trade confined alone to the summer season. The spring months are good ice cream months and the fall months witness the sales of great quantities of the dainty, For the three winter months there Is a marked falling off In Ice cream sales, but till much is sold for banquets and festivals. ' Ice cream Is ostensibly an American dainty and nowhere In the world Is its manufacture brought to a greater degree or perfection. Its consumption Is Increasing annually and no other dainty that pleases the palate is a better Index of prosperous times than Ice cream. The facility with which It is made, its general cheapness and unquestioned wholesomu-ness has given It universal popularity and use. Vast quantities of ice cream and other Ices are made In private homes, as la evidenced by the enormous sales of Ice cram freezers during the summer season. There Is scarcely a home in Omaha but has Its Ice cream freezer, and the same tibservatlon will apply to the farm homes of Nebraska. It has ceased to be a luxury, but has now rather become a necessity In every household. Perfection la Maaafartere. The manufacture of Ice cream has reached such a perfection In these modern years that it can be moulded Into almost every conceivable and beautiful form, suitable to any and every occasion, and though so quickly perishable, can be ma)e to preserve these dainty forms for con-' siderable periods. This Is equally true with the color designs that enter Into Its manufacture by expert caterers. There is an occasional demand for flavorless and colorless creams for special purposes. These are usually ordered by the soda fountain people, who furnish the flavor in the soda water, and for fruit creams, which receive their coloring and flavors from the crushed natural fruits. There are also occasional- demands for unsweetened creams that are utilised a mixing with Ices and sherbets. In brief. Ice cream can be utilised tor scores of purposes la compounding dainties, but as one manufacturer said, "ft can't be shipped as freight nor la refrigerator car." '
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