The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas on May 20, 1966 · Page 4
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The Courier News from Blytheville, Arkansas · Page 4

Blytheville, Arkansas
Issue Date:
Friday, May 20, 1966
Page 4
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Page Tour - »yth«vfflt (ArV) Courier Ktwt - TrW*?, May REVIEW and FORECAST Maloch Says By D. V. Maloch County Agent Tne county committee has | planted. A (ew farmers who recommended that the county """•'"' "^ t ''" a nMr lhe f!rst ot b£ideclared a disaster county IRhe county is declared a dis- asl£r area then it will be possible to transfer, without too much complication, cotton from one farm to anoSier farm operated by the same person. Due to the fact that both price Support and diversion payments will, have to be redistributed the transfer of cotton from one farrn 'to another farm operated by different individuals will be most difficult to work out even if it were to be permiteed by ne\v regulations. On Monday, May 16 the county had not been designated as a disaster county due to excessive rainfall or any "other disaster. If and when it is. designated you will be notified by the ASCS Office or you can listen in on the announcements over the broadcast from file County Agent's Office at 7:55 to 8:00 a.m each weekday morning o r read it in the Maloch Says column in the Osceola Times. For late planting the top variety over a long period of time has been the old style Rex cotton. This variety has produced higher yields on late planting than any other variety Siat we have ever grown in Mississippi County. Seed of this variety are tot too readily available in this area but in some sections limited quantities are still available. * * * Of the varieties that are commonly grown in Mississippi County at the present time Rex Smoothleaf and Stoneville 213 would rank at the top of the list. For planting prior to May 20 Stoneville 7A would probably be satisfactory but Stoneville 213 end Rex Smoothleaf would be more desirable. On late planted cotton especially where it borders wheat or along vetc* turnrows or fields it will likely pay more dividends to treat the cotton as soon as it comes up with one of the insecticides. Toxaphene is a very desirable poison for this thrip control application. It is only moderately expensive and w i 11 control cut worms too. ; Most any of the common cotton insecticides will kill off the thrip population - if the thrip application is applied soon after the cotton comes up. It will tiot kill off the beneficial insects to any large extent. Where one uses a spray rig ttiat will spray the same number of rows as was planted a 12" band is adequate. On this basis 1-3 of the chemical recommended for the broad- dast rate is sufficient. On past years the cotton planted late in the season has been more adversely affected with thrips than the early planted cottom Cut worms seem to be prevalent in many fields along turn rows, ditches etc., that have grown up in weeds. Farmers in South Mississippi County have done a good job with land preparation and planting thus far. The earliest cotton planted withstood the cold weath- started planting near the first of April were able to keep much of their cotton with a minimum of replanting. Others who began planting about the middle of April planted over a large percent of the cotton planted in this period. Here's hoping that people who started planting on or soon after May 4 will secure a good stand and it will grow off in a hurry. Some who planted after May •! are having trouble with emergence too. Friday and Saturday of last week was rather cool and no doubt damaged the cotton that Time to Fight the Army --Worm, That Is-- By Jim Wallace Assistant County Agent North Mississippi County Armyworm moths have been flying to light traps for several days. Small worms are present in almost every field checked. Egg laying and hatching can be square foot of ground space. Shake the wheat vigorously so all worms will fall to the ground Look on the ground, in and under leaves and count the worms on one square foot. Repeat this procedure several places throughout the field. Insecticidal treatment should expected at any time. Infesta-jbe applied when worm count lions are usually present the last [ averages five to six half grown pf April and the first half of i worms to the square foot or , m _._ _ „„! M. _ r,> ., i~ All fiti n I) ...imn Unirl mif (inrf ic nhsArupH May across the state. All small grain should be watched closely for the next few days. Heavy when head cutting is observed with even less worms. The University recommends growth is more attractive to j the use of these poisons: — was up and delayed emergence mo u ls than thin stands. Heavy j Toaphene, Strobane, Dieldrin, er much better than the latest | plants. of that that had not come up. Each year it appears to be desirable to use a fungicide applied to the seed or a hopper box treatment on land that has a history of seedling diseases. The land Kiat is most apt to carry a high incidence of seedling diseases is considered to be some of our top. soils as far as production is concerned. Most of the sandy loam and silt loam soils are in this category. Only a small per cent of the cotton and soybeans were up to a good stand prior to May 5. Much of the cotton though had been planted prior to May 13 and it is hoped that it will be up by the time Su's is published. The weekend rain will greatly reduce the emergence - 2.3 inches in Osceola. Preemergence chemicals are places but in some instances the results are poor. It is easy to pick out the points where pre- emerge has been used as most of the plants other than beans or cotton have been thinned down to a great extent or completely controlled. Most of ttie preemerge materials have controlled a part of the morning glories and some of the cockleburs and nearly all of them have done a good job on the small seeded grasses and weeds like crabgrass and pig- weeds. Every day additional farmers report that it is impossible to get the extra help that is needed during planting and that will be needed in chopping. In the future if it happens to be necessary to put all the tractors in the field at one time there likely will not be enough drivers to go around. . .. • • It is estimated that there are about 50 per cent of the tracloi drivers that would be classifiet as good and some of that group The other 50 per cent range from reasonably good to poor. The poor drivers are expensive in many ways but especially in added wear and tear to the tractor and the destruction o the crops tat are being culli vated. Damage to the crops by trac tor drivers is hard to estimate because much of it is due to carelessness and letting the plows get too close to the crop It may not kill the crop but al the same time the daniagi may cause a delay in maturity and cause a stunting of the damage can occur in a short Sevin, and Methyl parathion. • • - • Toxaphene and Strobane can be used up to 14 days before leriod of time. To look for annyworms, take the plants growing in about one harvest. Stop using Methyl parathion 20 days before harvest. Dieldrin can be used, up to seven days before harvest. Sevin can be used up to harvest. With the experience that was gained last year, most farmers should be able to scout for armyworms. However, call the County Agent's Office if we can help you. * * * Several kinds of fruit trees in your yard can be effectively sprayed with a general purpose spray. "A general purpose spray contains a number of different materials to control a wide range of pests. This makes them adaptable to use on many kinds of fruit trees. They are expen- 'rogress Report Cotton Harvest Methods Show Varying Returns sive so you must be willing to pay for the convenience. A home mix may also be used. "While this reduces the cost to some extent, it requires extra measuring." "A good home mix to use in one gallon of water is: 3 tablespoons of 50 percent sevin, 2 tablespoons of 25 percent malathion and 2 tablespoons of 50 percent captan. These materials are all wet- table powders and can be measured and mixed in the sprayer each time you spray." Sprays are usually needed about every two weeks during the season and label precautions should be followed regarding safety and residue information. Etension leaflet No. 351, "Spraying for Home Fruit Production," gives details and is available at County Extension Offices. By D. G. LAFFERTY AND CHARLES HUGHES This report on Ihe extent to which different methods of harvesting open boll cotton affect the producer's income covers results of two tests conducted in 1965. Data for tests conducted n 1963 and 1964 were published in the July-August, 1365, issue of Arkansas Farm Research. Each year the harvesting methods studied were: A, spindle pick first and second harvests; B, spindle pick first harvest and strip second harvest; C, spindle pick once over; and D, strip once over. The 1965 study was conducted on Sharkey overwash soils at the Northeast Branch Station at Keiser and on silt loam soils at the Cotton Branch Station at Marianna. Rex Smooliileaf was used in both tests. Six replications of each harvest method in plots averaging 0.97 acre were included in the test al Keiser, and five replications of each method in plots averaging 0.87 acre were included in the Marianna lest. Both analysis of variance and Duncan's Multiple Range tests were used in analyzing the data with a 5 percent probability of error. Before harvest, all plots were defoliated, and at Marianna a desiccant was applied to plots ] vested. Al Keiser an early frost desiccated all plots. (It is felt that yields and quality of the cotton were not materially affected by the frost even though desiccation of cotton to be harvested with spindle picker is not thought necessary.) A charge for desiccants was made in both bests because usually these chemicals are applied when cotton is harvested with stripper machines in Arkansas. About one-fourth bale more lint cotton was harvested per acre at Marianna than at Keiser. At both stations the amount of lint harvested per acre differed among the harvest meth- Good Results From Herbicide Tests In herbicide tests conducted by the University of Arkansas Agricultural Experiment Station, several materials showed good selective contH in transplanted tomatoes. Diphenamid pebulate and trifluralin gave nearly perfect all season control, none of the materials affected tomato stands or reduced yields. Good weed control was obtained in lima beans with ami- ben, DN."P, trifluralin, diphen- amid and bensulide. There was no effect on lima stands an:! only very slight stunting observed in the case of DNBP and tri- flurolin. None of the treatments affected yields significantly. Several materials, including CIPC, diphenamid, DCPA, DN- BP and triflura i gave excellent selective control in southern peas. None of thes. materials caused any appreciable damage to the ..eas. In sweet potatoes, a number of materials contin d to give excellent results. These mater-. ; ials were diplienamii 1 , amiben, • EPTC ~nd vernolate. In the bed-; over incorporation treatment, • EPTC failed to give adequate . broadleaved weed control. DC- PA gave only weak control of pigweed. , Bensulide was the most selective materhl c ntaloupe, cu-., cumber, squash am' wate.-ncl- 011. A fairly good degree of se- . iectivity was exhibited by squash and cantaloupe to ami-. ben. Diphenamid, DNPA and. NPA caused moderate to severe; damage to ?11 cucurbits. These" tests ,vere conducted.; as a part of the Experiment, Station's continuing evaluation program of herbicides for use . on vegetables. Mor» tests will.; be conducted in 1966, and the results will be reported as soon., as they become available. . . the harvest methods. At Reiser, the gross value of lint and seed for method B was higher than for the other methods, which did not differ from each other. | At Marianna, the gross value! of lint and seed harvested by! method C was lower than for] methods A and B but not sig-! nificantly different from method' D. I Costs up to harvest (including I defoliation) and after ginning j were the same in each test regardless of harvest method. Costs of desiccation, harvesting, ginning (including cost of transporting seedcotton from field to gin), and packaging did ods. var y w ith harvest method. Also, the differences in grade j The costs of storing seedcot- and staple length of the lint harvested by tile various methods were statistically significant. Fiber test data for the three years are being analyzed and will be published later. There was also a significant difference in the quality (oil mill grade) of the seed harvested by the various methods at Marianna but not in the quality of those harvested at Keiser. Loan prices (Memphis) for the various qualities of lint and 550 per ton of seed (grade of 100) were used in computing the gross value of these products. At both stations the gross val- that were to be stripper har-' ues differed significantly among ton prior to ginning were not included in the study since the cotton was not stored. However, under field conditions producers who store seed- cotton prior to ginning would need to consider storage costs in evaluating harvest methods. When costs of desiccation, har vesting, ginning, and packaging are deducted from the gross value of lint and seed, the results provide a basis for estimating the effect of harvest method on the producer's returns. Returns did not differ significantly for the various harvest methods in 1965. This was true also in 1963 and 1964. For every bag of AGRICO Weed Control you buy. we'll feed your flowers FREE! ~ With every bag of | AGRICO WMdCooW you buy, (only UM its-- 1 WndstfMi 5,000* ft) mil gin you a Mb. box of AGRKOGmta FtrtJuurFREE ft* 9M box) AGMCOWM Control UfcM fMVt uH Ptlt It iMt HM BLYTHEVILLE SEED CO. 1800'W. Bbin Ph. PO 3-6856 Grain onrf fnU SM* THE SOYBEAN STRANGLERS. Giant Fbictail Onjy Alanap-Plus stops them all! In fact, Alanap-Plus has the combination that stops more hard-to-kill annual grasses and broadleaf weeds than any other weed killer: like barnyard grass, crabgrass, seedling Johnson grass, lambsquarter, ragweed, velvetleaf, cocklebur, purslane and more. This is what we mean when w« »ay: Alanap-Plus gives you "full . control." "Full control", all around, because Alanap-Plus eliminates costly, repeated cultivation. Does its job and disappears. Alanap-Plus leaves no residue, thatcan harm following crops. Get to the soybean stranglers this year, before they get to you. Get Alanap-Plus. For belt reiulls and rrmimum.lately, follow llbtl inltructiont end W4rnin|i on 111 chemicili. 1 t)Alin«p II Ihe U.S. Rubber Compiny riB'llerfd Irldtmirh lor ill pre-imirfenei herbicide. 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Bucket Per $|1 All Treats 40 bu. . bucket I I«W For One Stop Personalized Farm Service... Come to FARMERS SOYBEAN CORPORATION "THl HOME OF SUDDfN SfRVICf" Ph. PO 3-8191 Blyth.vill. N. Broadway t Hutson

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