The Bystander from Des Moines, Iowa on June 14, 1912 · Page 2
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The Bystander from Des Moines, Iowa · Page 2

Des Moines, Iowa
Issue Date:
Friday, June 14, 1912
Page 2
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?'i 0M", ftfeV Sr IIN#! ft .MW, •Jfci'ei "H :•». If* ., •t* i?U'v 1**1 ill 1 1 1 I i. fl- gS &V, Ik W .'BW m'- \m$- sA J. •'».1 Vampires of the itiwt, they should 1M called these animals whose unbridled passions make them prey on any living creature and leave* no man safe from their attacks. It ihouid be a man's privilege to live in protection, when be will or as be will, so long as bis will does not conflict to hindrance of society, but in tbip city of the free, man may la mistaken for liberty, a man may not leave bis horns with any assuranoe of returning if his way happens to lead him in certain districts of our city. Here a many ma ynot express his opinion without a challence which may result in his death. Here he may not seek to rectify some mistake lees some prowler of the street make him pay for the privilege with his life. Where are our laws, where are our courts, where our police that this craze of affairs continues unchallenged, unchecked? Never a week passes over our head but some life has paid the forfeit to another's life passion. Scarcely a day passes but some man has taken judgment and justice In his own hands and blotted out some other to satisfy his malevolence. To many the sacredness of individual rights has no meaning. To them the home ties have no value and for much the majesty of the law has no terrors. The time has come when because of the technical skill of the lawyers, the Him flam practiced in the courts, the criminal no longer fears the penalty of his crime. Those who should be vigilant to rid society of these men are indifferent or careless. Laxity in the court room leaves no home free from fear that some of its members may be violently taken away because of the prey of some street tramp or lawless Individual. In thiB enlightened city, there Is a reign of terror and crimes likened unto the days of the middle ages. Let the wholesale murdering be stopped at any cost Let our feelings not be constantly harassed by evil or crime and license. Let the men who have committed murder be dealt wtih accordto the law on the statutes of our .tes. Let the criminal feel the real force of the punishment he invites. ing stat .*V Punishment Is the only antidote foir heinous crimes. The man who is so hardened that he can ruthlessly take the life he cannot give is also so hardened that there is but little hope that a lenient sentence will help him. When crime ceases to go free because of sentiment or money crime will thsn stand in fear of punishment and this city wjll not have a reign of terror, which has been on the increase for the past year. The duty of the court Is to protect the citizens, their rights,. their property and their lives. It Is not Its duty to lay a premium on crime abrogating punishment. We beg the judges on the bench, the state's attorney and the honorable lawyers at the bar to aid the crusade against crimes by sternly setting their faces against light sentences and easy discharges of criminals brought before them.—Illinois Chronicle. We have noted this striking difference between the white press and the negro press In their comment regarding the frightful tragedy of the Titanic) Colored writers invariably infer or pre-Buppoee It to have been the work of God, or at least that God In some way had some hand or purpose in bringing It about The white man discusses the matter without any such inference or prepossession. So far as can be judged from this tetter's writings, God was not in it either directly, or indirectly. Man' alone was re sponsible. Were there enough collapsible boats? Enough life preservers?s Neglect to provide binoculars? Anything wrong about the mechanism of tbe wireless apparatus? If so, man was responsible, the error can be corrected and the banner of progress can be planted higher up the helghtB. But If God did It, then there is no need to try again. Let the army of progress camp where it is and never move a step further. Such Is the l«gltimate consequences of two radically different IdeaB when traced to their logical conclusion. But what has always puzzled us Is this, is it a necessary law of mind, tha* the under man habitually thinks of any unforeseen tragedy happening to the man In advance as having been sent by some power above. But this much is certain, had the man in advance continued to think like the man farthest down both would today have been nearer the jungle than they are. .' 1 P%J All the progress known today has been mtfde possible by cultivating the habit of looking for the cause of defeat and victory in tbe only world I known to man. It Is by reason of this fact that man has conquered tbe world. He never would have done so had he held to the silly belief that his misfortunes, defeats, reverses and tragedies were sent upon him by some God or Devil. Mankind will benefit In countless ways by that frightful sea-tragedy which we all deplore. Nobody would be benefited, however, If the masters of thought and ef- lI'^.Dtde Kid," the colored welter"weight champion, added another vietlm to his list the other night when be stored away Bernard, the Frenchman, in the tenth round In a bout in 40* 'ZjM, In Hutchinson, Kan., a-Juyy com* poosed entirely of colored men has been trying a case. Charles Fulton, deputy probate judge, remarked that be never saw Sr finer set of men on a jury than those six colored men, one •at them doctor, soother a minister '.4 negroeB /V 'f I. 't -*. E:ftse7 fort believed for a*moment that a God sent that superb ship to tbe bottom of tbe deep in order to show his power. Foolish ideas of that sort dominated the human mind during that night of a thousand years known In history as the Dark Age's. The baneful effects of those Ideas are traceable in all of the occupations of man from farming to pharmacy, No race is capable of leading in the march of the world today that Is not first able to divest Itself of these cerements and grave-clothes of the mind.—Dallas Express. In a news article published some weeks ago attention was called to tbe fact that a movement was on foot to have a national conference of waiters to consider thf subject of negro waiters throughout the country. This is important, vastly important, and we hope it will be done. The fact that all classes of working people as well as captains of Industry are constantly holding conventions to consider their condition with a view of improving that condition People who manufacture wall paper hold conventions people wbo manufacture picture frames hold conventions people who manufacture brooms hold conventions people who manufacture clocks hold conventions: people who raise pigs, cows and chickens hold conventions. While all this has been going on among the white people the negro has been thinking far too long that he could benefit himself by simply holding conventions declaring in favor of "manhood rights" and all the rest of it. We have gone on with this nonsense until tbe negro waiters have begun to lose their bread and butter. By all means let ns have conventions of negro waiters.—New York Age. The St. Louis Argus Is fighting a condition not a theory that exists nearly everywhere. It says: People who sweat their eyeballs out to earn a small Bum and then pour It all back into the coffers of those who offer no meanB of getting any of It back save tbe most menial and poorly paid work, will never be able to get a foothold economically. Remember, that every dollar spent with a negro business or professional man has ten chances to reach you again to one chance for the dollar spent with the other fellow. Negro grocers, physicians, lawyers, dentists, druggists and what not are almost unanimous in saying that tbe people wbo can best afford to pay for higl) class service take it to the white man. It is from the maes of "just ordinary" people that the negro business and profes-slonal man receives his spport If these will not patronize negro enterprises, then let them be put out of the service of negroes. Keep tab on them, and when the time comes to fill a place, put In a negro who will spend his money among his own people. There have been few undertakings on American soil wherein the negro has not borne a praiseworthy part. Mr. Hensen at the north pole with Peary is a case in point. Notwithstanding the intense cold he, bore his part in this perilous dash to the pole with all the heroism of his companions and ha£ written his name next to that of Peary himself in his great exploit. It is an indication of the remarkable qualities of Hensen's mind that he has- written and published a book on his experiences in the far north. In the years to come these two records, that of Peary and Hensen, will remain the only literary monuments of the first successful dash to tbe pole. A colored man was brought before a police judge charged with stealing chickens. He pleaded guilty and received sentence, when the judge asked him how it was he managed to lift those chickens right under the window of the owner's house when there was a dog In the yard. "Hit wouldn't be of no use, judge," said the man, "to try to 'splain dis thing to you all. Ef you was to try it you like as not would get yer hide full o' shot an' get no chickens, nuther. Ef you want to engage in any rascality, judge, yo' better stick to de bench, whar yo* am familiar."—ZIon's Advocate. Jack Johnson introduced his talk before a theater audience In Chicago recently by saying that he used to see white folks celebrating on July 4, but that the colored people neter bad much to rejoice over or to touch off fireworks, and the like. That's why be changed things for them and gave them an equal chanoe to make merry on that big day, which, he said, should always be remembered as the time when one great athlete of ,the colored race defeated a white man. While some people are discussing, and Bqme are "cussing" him, he can "saw wood and say nothing/' Just strive to educate head, heart and hand, and reach the highest mental, moral! physical and Industrial development possible and get the elements so fixed in him that all the world can stand up and say, "This is man." and a third a law student, and all of them men who have good education and character. It attracted a lot of attention, being a very unusual occurrence in Kansas legal ^ircles.—The Crisis. cslotva ft$»pl« pay taxes oh 'nearly 11,000,000 worth of property in Sa- van»ah. 5. 1 1 Courtesy can never be out of place, •no matter ho«r intimate two souUf may be, since it's a soul's gift. !•. "4- .v. -y 1 WORTH BILLION Negroes of America Own In Real Estate Alone Many Millions. WONDER. Of THE A^M—"HAt MADE GREATEST PRQQRMf EVER MADE," »AY» DR. HAWK IN*. Bend the negro back to Africa? Absurd, impossible. More than a billion dollars' worth of United States real estate' which he owns In his own name in tbe United States is not easily to be taken from him. Besides, tbe negro Is not an African—he is an American. "African" is a misnomer. Why try to send him jo a country which is not bis own? So says Dr. J. R. Hawkins of North Carolina, secretary and commlaioner of education lor the African Methodist Episcopal cburcb, a delegate to tbe general conference, at tbe Allen chapel, according to the Kansas City Times. Dr. Hawkins has made a study of the business'status of colored people in connection with his regular work as one of the foremost educators. NEGRO PROGRESS IN HALF A CENTURY. "It probably will startle the world when it realises that we have acquired in the last 50 years over $1,000,000,000 in real, estate," Dr. Hawkins said. "And that Is only the beginning of the rapid forward march which tbe negro is making as a business man. The negro could not help being a business man^ He was surrounded with it in tbe years of bis slavery. He was taught how to drive' a bargain in horsea or real estate, even If his master didn't teach him bow to read and 'write. "There are 400 self-supporting newspapers, daily and weekly, owned and published by negroes in the United States 3,000 physicians have been graduated from negro and white Bchools and are now .practicing among their people 2,000 lawyers have been admitted to the bar in the United States courtB of justice and 380 authors are found among our race. AFRICA A FAIRY TALE. "We own 41 schools and- colleges, representing an Investment of $39,000,000, and $45,000,000 has been spent in church property for negroes. Negro men own and control 51 banks, which are prosperous and flourishing, and $650,000 has been invested In negro libraries. And it 1B significant that in the southland negroes own 180,000 farms on which 50 years ago they toiled to the crack of the Blave driver's whip. "The negro is a born American, and he feels it Is his country. Africa has no call on him. It is as a fairy tale to him. Pestilence and disease are not uncommon In Africa, but gospel, the reformers and teachel-s of the youth are argued to warn and instruct that better conditions may be brought tos pass. Criminal Instincts cannot be attributed' to all who break the law and the Idea of no material gain and of swift and terrible retribution will destroy in many cases the tendency and thought toward the committing of crime. Holdup men are never at ease and seldom wealthy. FARM PROPERTY/ AMONG' NEGROES The value of farm property owned and rented by colored farmers has, In the southern states, increased from 50 per cent, to 225 per cent, in the last ten years. In Texas, for instance, It has gone from $56,000,000 to $113,000,000 in North Carolina from $29,000,000 to $81,000,000, and in Georgia from $48,000,000 to $158,000,000. Nor has this been merely increased In the value of the same land. In these ten states the Negroes controlled, In 1910, 3,683,154 more acres than in 1900. It is not yet possible to separate the land owners and the renters. We only know that the owners have increased in eight states from 125,413 to 149,235 In these ten years. We dare affirm that no class of white peasantry in any European state has in the face of the most favorable ordinary conditions paralleled this record which the colored people have made.—The Crisis. MAKE FAVORABLE IMPRESSION. Tuskegee, Ala.—Among the delegates to the recent International Conference on the Negro, held at Tuskegee institute, were three distinguished representatives from Barbadoep, British West Indies. These gentlemen were: Washington Harper, shipwright A. R. Parkinson, teacher, and Elliott Durant, journalist, all of Bridgetown. An interesting thing about tbe selection of these gentlement as delegates is that the governor of Barbadoes called a special meeting of'the people to Belect these delegates and co-operated in every wfey In the matter of arranging for these men to visit the Tuskegee schpol. Mr. Harper, who calls himself a shipwright, ,1s a most eloquent speaker, and all of the delegates were keenly alive to the needs of the little island in* tbe Caribbean sea. During their visit to tbe east they have met many old friends, among others Dr. York Russell of New York, who was a fellow teacher In Barbadoes with Mr. Parkinson. Reports which £ome to Tuskegee are to the effect that no others In attendance at the recent conference were more helpful and made a better impression than these three men from Barbadoes. FREEDMAN HOSPITAL NURSE8 GRADUATE. Washington. The annual commencement exercises of tbe Freedmen's Hospital Training school were held In Rankin chapel, Howard university. The diplomas were conferred by Dr. William A. WarBeld, surgeonin-chief of the hospital. The graduates: Misses Carrie Oneita Abner, Marguerite! E. C. Butler, Elizabeth F. A. Carter, jEstella A. Christian, Sarah E. Eaton Mary A. Simmons*. ^. .r. ,,,aj 4 ''it- it, ''.V" *»2 a»'-SP,i»i^r'il,sjt' O ",, «p* /, &®tx(l" WT ^Vr• "5rii CT/V V" CUBM IE6R0ES ARE UP III ARMS 't'A- NO LONGER DOUBT OF WIDESPREAD RACIAL CONSPIRACY. Havana.—There Is no room for doubt, of tbe existence of a negro con* •piracy spending to all the provinces tf lbs isMytd, with tbe apparent Intention of taking up arms against tbe government today, which was the tenth anniversary of tbe Cuban Independence, The negroes appear to bave become aroused to rebellion by the denial of what seems to them their just political reward for service* rendered in the war of independence, in which they constituted a great majority of the Cuban forces. The feeling agalDSt the government has been intensified by a law denying negroes the right to organize a political party. The principal trouble now Is in the vicinity of Sagua la Grande, where two armed parties are operating, and in Orient* province, where several bands are converging on Guantanamo City, with the 'apparent purpose of making a display of force at that place. The rural guard dispersed one small party and captured two others. Troops Are Ordered Out. The situation 1B considered sufficiently grave for the government to dispatch a column of 1.200 men from Camp Columbia, composed of cavalry and Infantry, with field and machine guns, bound for Santa Clara and Oriente provinces. Near Sagua la Grande a squad of rurales had an engagement with an armed band of negroes. One of the guards was killed and tbe negroes escaped. From Cruces comes the report that residents of tbe surrounding country are fleeing to the city for shelter. The insurgents are reported to have held up a locomotive and stolen many horses. A dispatch received by the government from Lajas, Santa Clara, says that a negro band headed by Simon Armenteros, destroyed the telegraph station at the Santlssima plantation at Trinidad, In Santa Clara, and also burned a bridge of the railway from Sagua la Grande to Clenfugos. Armenteros declares that It Is his intention tf do his utmost to destroy foreign property. At Mariano, 8 miles from Havana, the rural guard exchanged shots with a party of negroes, capturing one of them and also nine rifles. GIVE US BACK OUR WHITE NEGROES' There is much discussion going on In the white newspapers of this section over what seems to be a decrease in the per cent, of increase of the population of the negro race, comments the Colored Alabamlan of Montgomery. We would respectfully call their attention to the fact that whatever increase Is made in the negro population Is perfectly "natural," for there Is practically no immigration of blacks from other countries to the United States. On the other hand there are hundreds of thousands of whites who come to this country each year. We would also call the attention of the whites who seem to be a little happy over the situation to the fact that there are thousands of negroes going over to the white race each year. Many negroes move from one state to the other and send their children to white schools and join white churches. Conductors on street cars and trains can't tell whites from negroes sometimes. We have seen negroes with whom we were well acquainted pass for white right here in the city of Montgomery. When the census is being taken all such negroes are counted in with white people and the totals are made up and published showing that the negro race is dying out, etc. If they will give us back our white negroes, we will make a better showing in 1920. There Jre laws against the intermarriage of whites and blacks' and other, laws against whites and blacks sitting together on trains and in street cars, and a thousand other barriers, but this whitening process is still going on. TALKS ON SURFACE UNDERDRAINAGE PROBLEM. Normal, Ala. Concluding the course of lectures which he has been delivering at the Agricultural and Mechanical college at Normal this year, Ben P. Hunt discussed in a most effective way the "Surface Underdralnage Problem," now -before the south and the southern farmer. He declared that this is one of the greatest industrial problems which confronts the south and the American people. Speakfurther along this line, be said in part: "The Importance of this subject has been brought to my mind and impressed by the recent overflows and terrible damages In several of the southern states through- the unusual rainfall for the past few months. It is the big problem and its successful solution will require the co-operative work of the federal government, the states and the counties interested." GET TOGETHER ON A DEFINITE PLAN. The negro newspapers are gaining in Influence. And In this dark period It is incumbent upon the negro publishers of newspapers to get together and in an impasslonate way counsel what they believe to be the best policy to pursue to create a sentiment against lynching, says the Nashville Globe. HIS ONLY FEAR, As is well known, the late Justice Peckham was a Democrat, while Justice Harlan was a Republican. They were the best of friends. One day tbey were discussing the fear of death. Justice Peckham said to Justice Harlan: "You are not afraid to die. are you?" To this, after a moment's reflection. Justice Harlan replied: "No, not exactly. My only fear is that I might bring up at Democratic headquarters." —New York 'Sun.-,. 'i WORK OF IE6R0 SCHOOL PROVES SOUTH IS THE PUCE 1 11 QUARTO-CENTENNIAL OF WATER8 NORMAL INSTITUTE AT WINTON, H. C„ ATTENDED BY THOUSANDS. (By OFIO. F. KINO.) Winton, N. C.—(Special.)—The recent quarto-centennial celebration of Waters Normal Institute, this town, was an event that forcefully portrayed the fact that the fouth and especially tbe rural district Is the place for tbe masses of Negroes. Thousands of representative farmers and a number of business men of tbe race from every section of tbe state and parts of Virginia contiguous to Winton were present. Tbe history of tbe institution is Interesting and Is an encouraging evidence of the Afro-American progress In the right direction. The central figure of the occasion was a man who is silently doing a work that rightly plaoes him In the galaxy, of true leaders. During the summer tbe year of 1884, the late Dr. Tupper, founder and president of Sbaw University. Raleigh, N. C., exhibited his great characteristics by becoming profoundly interested in Negroes in Eastern North Carolina to the extent that he gave $10,000 to tbe Rev. Dr. C. S Brown, who had juBt graduated from that university and asked blm to come to this town to begin a work that later proved a wholesome factor in the lives of thousands. He came and begun his work In the woods and among a large number of the race who were cursed by whisky. At this notable rural gathering hundreds of graduates of this energizing Institution of learning, progressive farmers and other successful men and women who have become a constructive force In their respective communities because "of the training received at this school and the helpful and farreaching Influence germinated by building a thrifty settlement around the school revealed In a concrete manner what the honest, energetic and well trained Negro can accomplish in the south. Located in a strictly rural center where Dature deals bountifully to those who persistently and intelligently vex the soil, the growth of the school has undoubtedly been remarkable. Starting only with $10,000 Dr. Brown today has established a plant worth $25,000 and Its stimulating propaganda is felt in every section of the state. It has created anew life here and dethroned superstitions and many other evils so woefully affecting the Negro in many other sections. The white people In Eastern Carolina highly praised its worth and the leading people of that race say that its influence upon the community fs hard to estimate by a monetary standard. This they claim is due to the sane leadership and character of Dr. Brown, its founder and principal and prominent In many movements for the uplift of the Negro. A comjaendable feature of the work Is that the hundreds of graduates and thousands of undergraduates of same are imbued with the mission of the Institution and they are at work in various sections of the south carrying the germinating idea of its founder and reaching those of the race who needs instruction. A distinguishing feature is that its first graduate has spent years working in Africa to help redeem Africa. Thousands of farmers made the celebration an educational source of good for them, and the exhibits of the students inspired them. Contributing to the success of the week was the Chowan Educational association that convened here. This was largely attended. The presence of Dr. Chas. S. Meserve gave Impetus and hundreds gave him an ovation during his address to thera Many phases' of the Negro's activities were strongly touched upon and he gave undeniable facts showing why the Negro should remain in the south. He narrated many striking examples of many dangers affecting the race by entirely too large a number of same leaving the country and crowding the cities. The address to the graduating class by Hon. John C. Scarborough, superintendent of education for this county, was practical and wholesome. A splendid revelation of what the school is doing in causing the farmers to increase their property holdings and saving accounts was brought out in the statistics of Dr. Brown in making his annual report to the trustee board, composed of leading farmers, business men and a number of preachers of Negroid descent. He aroused pronounced enthusiasm as he pointed out the way that the farmer of color could enhance bis opportunities by sticking to the soil. The report showed the school to be In an excellent condition. The farmers raised several thousand dollars in their rally for the school. ILLITERACY DECREASING IN GEORGIA. M. L. Brlttain, state superintendent of schools for Georgia, Is authority for the following statement as to the reduction of illiteracy in his state: The statistics of 1860 show white illiteracy in Qeorge to have been 12 per cent. The census figures of 1910, recently made public, show that the percentage for 1910 Is but seven. Of course, in 1870, during the lean years, the illiteracy crept up to 25 per cent, but it has been reduced steadily. In 1900 Is was 11 per cent. Illiteracy among the negroes has decreased from f)2 par cent in 1860 to 30 qer cent in 1910. The illiteracy among negroes In 1900 was 52 per cent. DEGREE CONFERRED ON PROFESSOR LANE. Nashville, Tenn.—The degree of doctor of philosophy was conferred upon Prof. J. F. Lane, president of Lane college. Jackson, Tenn., by Walden university at the commencement just closed.. Professor Lane Is one of the youngest executives at tbe head of a colored college. He 1B a native of Tennessee, and the youngest son of Bishop Isaac Lane of the Colored Ualhnillaf nhiirMl. rcr Wl SHAW COMMENCEMENi Shaw university has done a grea* work among negroes for more th*t fifty years. It has been a great and leading exponent in tbe higher and industrial education of tbe negro. Young men and women graduating from this school are doing a great work for tbe elevation and Christianizing of the race in alj parts of the world.' Thirty' young doctors and four pharmacists received their degrees. Tbe following young men received prizes for excellency in study during tbe four years of their school life: Tbe Lewis prize, S. P. Sebastian, honorable mention, A. D. Brown and F. D. Brown the Tuskegee prize, R. S. Vass, honorable mention, A. D. Brown and F. D. Brown the McKee prize, A. B. McKenzie the Knox prize, J. W. Kay the Battle prize, J. 8. Thompson of seoond year honorable mention,' Dennis Branch, second year. The music was under Mrs. Lovey. Bachelor of theology, William M. Morris. Latta H. Powell and Washington Scott. Six young men received the degree of Bachelor of Arts and 22 received certificates of graduation from the normal department. Honorary degrees were conferred by the board of trustees as follows: Charles R. Frazier, Master of Arts Rev. W. R. Pettiford, Birmingham, Ala., LL. D. Rev. A. B. Vincent, Raleigh, N. C.. D. D. Rev. George O. Bullock, Winston, N. C., D. D. NO SUFFRAGAN BISHOP BUT THE DELEGATES TO SOUTH CAROLINA DIOCESAN COUNCIL OF THE EPI8COPAL CHURCH APPROPRIATED $500 FOR NEGRO ARCHDEACON. Beaufort, S. C.—By a vote of nearly Tour to one, the South Carolina diocesan council of the Episcopal church decided against creating the position of suffragan bishop, *to be held by a negro, at this time. As a substitute for the negro suffragan, the council appropriated money for th/s maintenance of a negro archdeacon for work among the negro members if the church in this state. The resolution against the suffragan bishop proposal was adopted without debate, the council considering the winter's open discussion of the matter sufficient to enlighten all the delegates. "fhe resolution was adopted after the presentation of the majority report of the committee, favoring the plan, the minority report opposing it. The resolution offered by the Rev. W. H. Barnwell of Stateburg, read as follows: Resolved, that this council is not in favor of the election of a negro suffragan bishop at this time." The majority report in favor was read at the morning session by the Rev. Walter Mitchell and the minority report against the Negro suffragan by R. I. Manning. Both were referred to the council, sitting as a committee of the whole, in the afternoon. The council took up the reports in executive Bession. After passing on the suffragan bishop, $500 was appropriated for a negro archdeacon for work among the negroes of the state. This is a new de parture in this diocese. BIG. NEGRO EXPOSITION ALMOST ASSURED A great question like an appropriation for an Emancipation Exposition for American Negroes would naturally precipitate acrimonious debate on the race question in the United States senate. Before unanimously passing, on April 2, a bill by Senator Bradley of Kentucky appropriating $250,000.00 for a big Negro show probably in Savannah, Ga., to celebrate the semicentenary of the signing of the emancipation proclamation, asperity of temper by some of tbe Negro-despising element and a surprising vein of broad-minded cordiality had to be turned loose in the senate for sensational press matter. All of it made good reading. Senator Root of New York delivered a passionate eulogy of the achievements of the Negro race Senator Newlands declared in favor of race separation Senator Bradley reminded his colleagues that southern Negroes unselfishly protected the white women and children of that section during the Civil war Senator Hitchcock could see the appropriation misused to give Negroes jobs merely to spend government money. But finally they got together on the proposition and voted in favor of it. If Senator Tillman's pitchfork had not been bent beyond hope of being repaired, could you Imagine a United States senate voting unanimously on such a question? But wait! Members of the house of representatives have yet their chance to create a scene while considering the bill. DEFERv VOTE ON 8UFFRAGAN BISHOP. Savannah, Ga.—The plan to elect a colored suffragan as bishop In charge of work among the negroes was approved in the report of a cjpmmittee of tbe Episcopal diocese of Georgia at the annual convention. However, considerable opposition developed during the debate which followed. The convention finally decided not to take action this year upon the mat- ter of a suffragan negro bishop, 4 *.'&,)*. U'j ^w a« rtSe"~• THIRTY YOUNG DOCTORS ANC FOUR PHARMACISTS TURNCO OUT THIS YEAR BY THE UNII VERSITY—EXERCISES ATTEND ED BY REPRESENTATIVE OATH ERINQ. Raleigh, N. C.—The largest asMO* bly of cultured colored men and w^ men ever seen together in this city at tended the commencement exercise* of Shaw university. All sections O'J our great country were represented on the spacious rostrum. When President Meserve arose, surrounded by his faculty and many friends both from the south and far distant New England, tbe chapel was full to overflowing. I rt. V. I, AMERICAN BOY IS SPOILED H«wsv*r, Hs l« Nearly Always Amu#. tag, Even When Hs Is Most Exasperating. "The great American hoy," said the West 8lde woman, "is so badly spoiled that about half tb« time be is an offense instead of tbe joy be might be, but h« is so thoroughly 'on' that ha nearly klways la abusing, even when most exasperating, it Is needful when dealing with him, or even when meeting him casually, to be either ridicule-proof or else to have a sense of humor that enablea you te enjoy a laugh at your OM expense. A few days ago I found lr necessary to talte a taxi at a quiet street corner. A few boys gathered Instantly, to supervise the proceeding. As the chauffeur closed the door and prepared to mount his .seat one of the boys called to him In the most Indescribable tone of languid hateur—la. tended to represent a lady doing the top limit of the society act—'Home, John.' The chauffeur grinned, though he looked somewhat alarmed lest hi* fare .might Iw annoired. I was* glad I could share bis appreciation, but I took pains not to let the boys see zn» smile. I should think actors might learn Innumerable things by studying street urchins." "One Sunday not long ago," said the man to whom ahe waa talking, "I was on my way to church and was walking along upper Seventh avenue with a lady of my acquaintance. I wore a silk bat and tbe usual clothes for such an occasion. I was talking earnestly with my companion, not noticing my surroundings. Suddenly a small boy, who $aa sitting on a tiny cart and pushing it along with one foot, darted right between my feet and attempted to force a passageway to the beyond. I nearly was overturned, was forced to execute some of the most Instantaneous and inelegant gymnaatlca of my life and regained my balance only with extreme difficulty. The scrap of humanity, who was causing my distress, glared up at me wrathfully and yelled, 'Hey, you guy wld de silk hat on, why don't yer look w'ur yer goln'?'" Keeping Baby Cool. Mothers of little babies that suffered much from the Intense heat in the early part of July last summer will be interested in the Buccess of tbe "baby tent" scheme adopted in some of the big cities. The tents were placed on fiat roofs tall buildings and in open lots, with eigtot little cradles or cots in each tent. When all was ready mothers of babies under two years were invited to leave tbem at the nearest available tent over night, so that the youngster, in addition to enjoying the privilege of sleeping out of doors, could also receive the attention of trained nurses and doctors free. Some of the tents have a perforated iron pipe extending along the ridge pole and connected with the city water supply. On very hot nights the water was turned on and allowed to stream down over the canvaay, ~By evaporation it greatly reduced the temperature inside the tents. Some of the tents were also kept cool by the use of large blocks of Ice in tubs before the entrance. Electric fans blew the cold air from the ice into the tents sufficiently to keep the babies comfortably cool. This is the way some of the poor babies are being cared for, but the ideas could be utilized by any one who had the welfare of the baby at heart. Woman Prison Warden. Tbe newly-appointed warden of the prison for the Canton Wandland in Switzerland is a woman, Frau Fanny Porchet. In her application for the post, she said that in tbe course of her husband's administration as warden, and particularly during the illness which caused his death, she had acted as warden and found that she was in every way competent to fill the place. Knowing that there might be some doubt as to her physical ability to. handle obstreperous prisoners, she offered to meet the strongest man on the police force in a wrestling contest Frau Porchet was invited to appear before the appointing board and made such a favorable impression that she was appointed without demonstrating her strength. She is 41 years old.-— New York Tribune. Selling Faked Butterflies. One of the meanest frauds on record is that which is said to have been practiced recently on entomologists. It appears that there is a as described Is to cover systematic trade in forged butterflies carried on by continental dealers. The method ithe wings ot moths after setting with a heavy coa of powder, which is then tinted wit pastel colors to suit the taste of ama­ teurs. Not content with imitating the rarer species, the forgers have recently been improving on nature and selling hitherto unknown varieties at unheard-of prices. One expert was '°r a while taken in with a red butterfly with blue polka dots, but this bo piece of imagination ultimately led the exposure of the fraud.— London Letter to the New York Sun. A Choir Singer 63 Years. The world's record for continuous public singing probably is held Mrs. George V. Johnson, of Shippe burg, Pa. For more tban sixty year ehe has been singing solos in Presbyterian church of that town. Mrs. Johnson is a descendant of tne Nevin family, among whom there na been such talented sons as the co posers, Ethelbert Nevin and his bro er Arthur. She entered the of the Presbyterian church in when about twelve years of age. Iz now seventy-five. Mrs. Johnson outlived and outsung generations choir singers and has seen a c0®p evolution in church music. Sie Btlll hale and active and her voice as sweet and clear as it was tn score years ago.—Leslie's Weekly. ,|$2 Ireland's Era of Prosperity. Irish exports last year «*ceea® Irish imports for the first time record. The amount of money on __ posit in the. joint stock banks was highest, ever 'recorded. .:

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