CHESTER ROWELL'S COMMENT DA IV - A. & A Q AZ In E Todaj'andTomorrow BY WALTER LIPPMANN pvONT overlook Huey. In I--' fact, you can t. He will s see to that. He does not de- ' serve your Vespect and he may . not arouse your fears, but he I wilUhrust himself on your at- r .. tention, beyond your power to ' ' 1 he Current Jitter $ 'escape it. He has that art. It : fNCE more we have come has already made him die-, W into a period of discour- tator of a State, and is now agement after a few months fl making him the momentary cyno sure of the nation. You can do any thing to him except ignore him. O O t OINCE we can not avoid him, let of buoy (Jit hope. Pollyanna is 'silenced and Cassandra is doing all the talking, .Huey Long and Frank Kent, the old us consider him. ' what is the 1 guard Republicans and the harm of such a man, beyond J new republic, are equally cer-being a disgrace and a nuisance? ! tain that recovery is halted, Certainly it is not any danger that he personally will ever be dictator' of America, as he is of Louisiana. It is not eve.n that he will be President. The worst or the best he can do in that line may be to prevent Roosevelt from being President, tor a second term. There are Republicans and consrvatives who are welcoming" fh at prospect. They are willing to accept victory, even at the hands of Huey. a o P IF, THEN. Huey can not be President, and may be the unfitting means of electing a better man-why care? Just because Huey, while he can iete-btrfW--wp his unsound self, may undermine the soundness of Ameri can democracy. He may; with others of his sort, so corrupt the thinking and the character of the people as to weaken our only assurance that the things which have happened elsewhere can not happen here. "QUCH things can never be;in lJ America," we says, contemplating the wreck of democracy", liberty and truth, all over the world. But a few years ago we would have said that they could not happen anywhere else, either. Now they have happened, nearly everywhere. The conditions and the movements which made them happen 1herc are row active here. Our confidence that they can not succeed here rests wholly in our confidence in the American people. They, we think, would never submit"." o o o SO THEY would not, if they retain the characteristics which so far have made America American. But this is exactly what Huey and his kind are breaking down, If they succeed in taking sta bility and sobriety out of the think ing American people, then some one presumably a new one not yet visible will do to America what demagogues and dictators have done to Europe., Except in the'ij habit of self-governing responsibility, t h c American people are no better than the peoples from whom they arc de cended. The danger is that they will- lose that habit. . - - 0 0 0 . 1'TUEY in only the latest, and I 1 presumably not the last, of String of demagogues who win favor with the unthinking by prom- Dising them impossibilities. Juft now he in 'forming ."share-the-wcalfh" clubs all over the country, based on the fallacy (tint if you take their excess from the rich and give it to the poor, there will be enough of it to do any good. Just a little arithmetic is sufficient io'Biove it can not be done but arithmetic is the very thing these demagogues void. " a a a ' T UEY, propojciBr-taking it I I away, only from the very rich, the multimillionaires, to supply all the people with good homes and :Jiving.UnIike the Socialists,who would "collectivize" wealth, he would "share" it which in a very i different, and even more unsound thing. Socialistic theory, on paper, can be. worked' out, and there are aincere and intelligent people who therefore still have faith that it might work in practice, in spite of its terrific failure where it has been tried. But "dividing it up". do not dome out right, even on per. . -, . k a r, FOR Instance, the two laugest fortunes America ever knew, the Rockefeller and Ford estates.were till worth what they once were (which they are far from being), nd if they could be turned into money fwhich they can not), they would give each of -us, as capital, bare 115 apiece, just once. In-" vested at 8 per cent, they would five each of us an income of less than two cents a week. The fifty largest incomes in America, at the present time, divided up, would give us i cent a week apiece. Arid all 1 the surplus, of ajl the very rich men in the United -States, confiscated Witright, would not pay our present relief bills for more.tiian a few !zrwMkraethe -year! -, O O 0 BUT the point is that too many of-the people do riot know this, and that one demagogue aftec .financial siege another is promising them, each by his own patent hocus pocus Jugglery, what they all want. Sober govern-ment.can not give them this. that reform has collapsed, and that the Administration is tottering. Within the Administration itself there is a notable loss ofself-.coa--fidence which is reflected in leadership that is hesitant and confused. Those who like to have their politics dished up. to them in personal, partisan, and parochial form will no doubt continue to believe 1hc explanation can be found in Mr. Eoosevell's temperament, in too much Farley or in too much Tug- well, or in this or that experiment, blunder, or folly. But an impartial view of the history of recovery, such as it Is, and of Jhc state of the depression throughout the capitalist world does not support, I believe, such a simple view. . For it is a fact that the course of recovery since the low point of June, 1933, has been marked by series of hopeful advances and discouraging relapses. It Is a fact that the present retreat Is not confined .to the United States and is virtually world wide. ADVANCE INVARIABLY FOLLOWED BY RECESSIONS Since, June, 1932, we have had the advance of July and August of that year, the Autumn and Winter relapse, the boom in the Spring of 1933 and the relapse of the following Autumn, the recovery of the Winter of 1934 and the relapse in the Summer, the year end recovery jjnd the present relapse. That these movements have been accentuated for good by good measures, and for bad by bad measures, is reasonably clear. But the history of earlier depositions shows that even when the Government was neutral and let Nature take lis course, the recovery proceeded through a similar series of lips and downs. This seems to suggest that it is very easy to overestimate the influence of current policies upon the course of recovery. This doubt is strengthened when one notes wbat is going on in the resj of the world. Thus, in England, according to "The London Economist," "The first, phase of recovery in this country, characterized by a vigorous expansion of the home -market, came to ai end in the Spring of 1934." There is political discontent, and jt. has-become popular in England to at- I lack the Conservative Government for not doing the things which it is popular in America to attack the New Deal for doing. SITUATIONS FOUND IN. COUNTRIES ABROAD j In France, which has followed loyally the financial, policy that the wau street financial . writers like tq call sound;, in France, which has not "tinkered with its currency' and has tried to balance its budget, the year closed with a 'real deficit of more than five and a half billion francs, a sum which, measured by the French national income, is not much lighter than our own deficit. ;The German figures are hard to interpret, but it appears that the in flationary boom, due to expenditure for armaments and work relief, is halted and the budget is oit of balance. The Italian public" debt has increased 15 billion lire since 1931. and, actually, counting future pay t ..llt . . ..... uiciiis jui puunc woiks to wnicn the Government is committed, -another ij billions. In fighting the deores ion, Mussolini has gone into debt. relatively aDout ai much as Roosevelt, and. in proportion to the Italian national income far more heavily. DIFFICULTIES FOUND IN ALL INSTANCES Now here you have five nations. two run-bjjjjJeMshioned conservatives and liberals, two run by newfangled .Fascists und one, our. own, run by New Dealers. And yet all five of them are Jja'vfnrat best only moderate success in reducing 'unemployment and promoting 'recov,,, ery. The British, off gold! bift with. a balanced budget, have aTHaTd" core of unemployment which, in proportion to their population, is probably as large as our own. The French are on sold, and have an unbalanced budget, and are-faced with mounting uneffiploymenCzThe Germans and the -Italians are in flating and spending, are Creating" employment and are in a state of. VAN BORING '(He Never Says a Word) By TisH Tash - - CT . 5U - ,-v k Uv; ii xv . . ii r v vi rf f . " : t - FAIR ENOUGH . ,rWESTBROOK PEGLEk (Copvrlsht. 193S. for it Trlbunt.t I l it I ,rl iCALENDAPv 20 YEARS AGO We are back on fold, have an unbalanced budget, are spending (Continued on Next Page.) ' March ), 101.-. (Thc dy was Tuesday) EASTBAY The entire Pacific Coast Is with holding its judgment of us." said I - " v 1 A- ' T ' .t,.irm.-" k! AMSTERDAM, March 9. -HT hse A. L.ave'nson, chairman of. the' ... , , , . , ., i , -. I ' British lost 400 men in the recent Busin-essmes Bond Campaign Com- sca batlie at the head of the Persian mmee, aaacess- to.pnler the war. By maintaining neutrality, the Premier contended, Greece loses prestige, and would deny herself protection from the Allies in the event of an attack on her by her Balkan neighbors. Ing a plea for the passage off the Panama - FJrfoif ic Exposition bond, issue to voters of Alameda. County today. The county has, pledged a sum of. $1,000,000. to the management of the fair. It would be a "moral sacrifice". If the ponds were to" lose, Laven-son said. WHEW PfOPJ-E ioOK VOLUMES' AT EACH OTHER. 'THE THIN MAW PROBABLY SERVES AS A MF(?E GLANCE UNP'AWTHONf ADVERSE A i A LEWGTHY SCRUTIwy Ambrose Bierce, one of America's best known ihort story wrileis, is assisting' drilling a section-of Lord Kitchener's new army in England, according to word received; today by Dr. B. F; Mason nf San T fnruiro. from a relative in London! Dr. Mason has Ui his pos lessiBn the first-series of Bierce tories. concerning his. mining ex periences, written 30 years agb. The author disappeared a year ago, leav ing Washington City on norscDacs and telling friends he was going into Mexico. Since -then his whereabouts has remained a mystery. It will-be some time before th-U latest inkling as to his activities can ne veruiea. according o "his friends .here. . "fhr Loyal Order of Moose Is to give an extravaganza sr. ine iviu-nicipal Audtorium, May 27 the first time the new structure has ,been used for show purposes. .The first convention to be held in the Audir toriura-will ,beahatqf,:.the-Pacif ic Coast Freight Agents' Association, May 10, according to Loui Buckley, Auditorium manager. in a dispatch from Gulf, it is said Constantinople. ; SI'ORTS .. Berkeley High School will batlie Oakland - Tech, Thursday, at Ilar-mond Qymnasiimi in Berkeley for the Alameda County Athletic League championship. TONIGHT WAR BULLETINS LONDON, March 9. M. Venizelos, premier of Greece, has resigned the reins of government, it is reported, (because King Constantine refuses Tribune radio broadcast ovef KLX. Dlnnefffancer 6:45 p."m,7 Athens Club. . - Dinner dance, 7:30 p. m., Hotel Claremont. :. . 4 Lecture, 7:30 p. m., T. W. Hfeoper, "Subversive Un-American Legislation at Sacramento," auspices. Philosophers- Club, Burbank School, University Avenue near San Pablo, Berkeley, ' " Cotiiedy, "Birthday Dilemma," 8 p. m,r Oakland Lodge of Elks, Elks Club Auditorium, Twentieth . and Broadway, Dinner dance, 8 p. m., Hotel Oakland. Dance, 8:13"" p. 'm., St. George's Hall,, Twenty-fifth and : Grove Streets. . r Dflijne, R p. m., United Front Conference, Carpenters' Hall, 761 12th Street. ' ' ., "JJoofiier Hill-Billy . Night,.' eve ning, Moose, Oakland Lodge, No. 324, -Clubrooms, 12th "ancj Clay Streets. Sports frolic, evening, Job's Daughters, Bethel No. 87, Albany Veterans Building. , . Dance, evening, young people of St. Cyril's Parish, auspices Msth-rTrCiubnPartsliTHal3,r:82rid s and Camden. . 1 i : Whist and bridge, -8:30 p. m Canadian Legion, Oakland Post No. 15, Oakland Veterans Building. Benefit dance, evening, Zeta Gamma Rho, Oakland Club, 124 Montecito. . St. Patrick's Dance, evening, Elm-1 hurst Lodges of Hermann Sons aftd Sisters, German Pioneer House, 32 Home Place East. Whist; 8:30 p. m., Spiritual Church. Twenty-first Street off San Pablo Avenue. Dinner dance; 9 p. m., Hotel Ala meda. TOMQRROW. Trl5une radio broadcast over KLX. Breakfast and discussion, 9 a. m.( Marvin Gragun, "Roger Babson and Need for a New Religion," auspices Philosophers Club, Wetherbee H Fruilvale Avenue and East tecnlh Street. Open house, 11 a. m., crewif)f German cruiser Karlsruhe, GerrfBin Pioneer House. 32 Home PTace East. Philosophers Open Forum, 1 p. m Central Trade School, 11th and Jefferson Streets. Mosswood Chess and ...Checker- Club, 1:30 p. m., Mosswood Play ground. sir Patrick's Day, celebration, 2 p..m,,. d,inner; entertainment In eve- fning,. St. Elizabeth's' Parisn, Thirty-fourth Avenue. ; Mass meeting, 2 p. m,, .7' Eastbay Townsend Clubs, Oakland Technical HiglrSilibol.. Concert, S p. m., Roland Hayes, auspices if. C. Comtnittee on Music and Drama, Men's 'Gymnasium; Berkeley. - .- Concert, 3 p. m., band of German cruiser Karlsruhe, Lakeside Park. Kosmo Hour of Musjc, 4 p. m Hotel-Oakland. Dinner dance, 6:30 p, m., erew of German cruiser Karlsruhe, German Pioneer House. 32 Home Place East. . Dinner dance. 6:30 p. m -Athens Ckib. . Progressive Forum. 7:30 p. m Gordon Alvis, auspices Philosophers Club, Fruitvale Church, Fruitvale Avenue and East. Sixteenth Street, Benefit whist, 8:30 p. m., 1814 Market Street. CLUBS ' American Townsend Club, 7:45 p. m., 528 17th Street. Graystone -Townsend Club, 8 p. m., Graystone Hotel, Fruitvale Avenue and Galindo Sti'eet. ASHINGTON, D. C, March 9. A more shock- g example of man s inhu manity, to the sisters and the cousins and ; the aunts of statesmen it would be hard to imagine than a recent amendment which was offered in the House of Representatives. A bill was up for consideration which would have awarded, one extra clerk o each member at the rate of -$1000 a year to assist -in answering the fan mail which has increased considerably in volume and also in vituperation, what with the recovery, the " unaccustomed prosperity f the worWng -mafl-an4 one thing and another. . In view of the quantity of" these mash notes, it occurred to Congressman Compton I. White, of Idaho, that the present office staff of two. allowed to each member at a cost of $5000 a year, should be increased by one, at a further cost of $1000. MAJORITY VIEWS IT AS WORTHY LEGISLATION Statesmen are, for the most part, very humane, and especially so to their sisters and their cousins and their aunts who might otherwise be dependent on them for support back home. To the honor of the Lower Houte of the sacred heritage-it must be said that a majority of them were heartily in favor of this, worthy legislation. At this point, however, there arose in the .chamber the sinister figure of Congressman Ford, of Mississippi, who can only be presumed to be a man without charity or any worthy kin-people of his own. Congressman Ford offered an amendment providing that if this additional allowance were granted, then it should be unlawful for any member to retain' on his clerical payroll any" member ofjiis family and should remove any relative so employed at this time. ij TRADE AND BARTER PLAN " GIVEN CONSIDERATION There was great consternation at this brutal proposal, and the more .resourceful statesmen, thinking of their" l(A-ed ones and of the cost of supporting them out of their meager salary of $10,000 a year, hastily considered subterfuges. The Idea occurred thai It mljht be feasible, to trade relatives from one member to another, Congressman Joe Dokes assuming the hire of Congressman Mike Swift's wife and daughter and Congressman Swift taking over the Indigent sister and nephew of the Hon. Dokes. ' The loved ones in question might then be continued at their duties, if any, in return for their $5000 per year allowance, per office, though transferred to the payroll of a non-relative. It would then be possible to hire and trade, on the, basis of an uncle for a grandfather or a son for . daughter-in-law, one more clerk, each, at $1000 a year It looked for a moment as though here might be a practical beginning of Mahatma Upton Sinclair's barter plan in the very heart or at any rate, In the very app'tftite, of the National Government. EXPLANATION FURNISHED CITIZENS IN HOME TOHil ...BashulDss set..in,,.,howcver, swept the chamber like a cruel scourge, and slaughtered 435 jobs in a few minutes. A great relief measure gave one final flutter on the table and died, and Congressman Ford of Mississippi was the one who had killed cock robin. And that may help to explain TTo thee1ttzen who has written to his Congressman, endorslnr his opposition to. the bonus with a letter beginning, "Dear sir, you cur," why the answer was never received. Of. course, not "all the statesmen receive the sume quantity of. A(pi mall from their constituents, and not all of them answer their letters the same way. Some New York and Chicago" statesmen, for example, un their offices almost without personal pain, merely accumulating correspondence until there Is a full bushel and then sending If all to the party headquarters bark home lo be answered by the clerical staff (here." : . RECORD ACHIEVED IN WAY OF ABSENTEEISM It is not contrary to law or cus tom for a member to.keepi clerk back home, paid out of the allow ance of $5000 a yearand Mr. 'John Garner, the Vice-President, when he was Speaker, achieved something of a record in the way :of absenteesim when he listed his son, in Uvalde, Tex., as a member of his office force, nominally based in Washington, It was a pleasant plan, for Garner, Junior, would have had to get up very early to reach Washington by 9 o'clock or even noon, every day from Uvalde, Tex. One effective way to avoid the burden of excessive correspondence (Continued on Next Page.) News' By Wirephoto NEW 'ORK, March 9. This photo, brought from Saar-bruecken by ship, shows Reichsfuehrer Adolf Hitler of Germany reviewing Nazi troops in the street a week ago lo celebrate the Saar basin's return lo Germany. "Der Fuehrer"-may be seen standing in the car, giving the Nazi salute. - A. P. IVirepholo, Today's Pictures With Todays News i a Sviigi.iiiiii r-ALL RIVER, -Mass., March. 9. Doctors pondered today over the question of a blood transfusion to ,help Alyce Jane Mo. Henry, 1 0, rally from the operation which righted her "inverted .stomach" and gifts flooded to her bedside. ..Mrs. Leuella Mc-Henry of Omaha, the girl's mother, is shown leaving the hospital i willi the quintuplet dolls which cheered her daughter. A. P lVii-ephoto,Todafi Pictures With' Today s News' I DAN DUNN "3 Secref Operative 48 ' . . r By Norman Manh f i iiyr rr itr II Y7 I WANT TCA I TO GO TO A LABORATOQVTX 4 : VOURfctT 1 '' SEE DAN-' I BpROW TMV K ' I MEED A HISM POWER "WALL A I MICROSCOPE SWZ&,WM ATHINQ I JNTRUMENT ftnJ MICR0bC0PE-TH15; . RILJJAjsj-, 'A R)GMT AWAV SURELV, W ' OF VFOR .AN WH-WHV, LETTER MAV DISCLOSE WE HAVE r VSTEP- RISHT W 1 ei,LV V -MS L' 1 ? rf rntSr ' 1 A CLUE TO EV!LOFF"E ONE - HERE 7 J f I THIS W ! J'J, MMm l'5AV M 1 V ' I wmrREABouT 5 at the LJk " ' V S '. MMW K oo.v y m t ?; . .. y w i i tit' i ii . ' v m . i ' . p.. i is r - ii' . ii I I 1 f? I V 1 f 1 !VI1 1 LI Jt tyrr? - I . r. Nix .. .. ... . - .. .... . . ......... . , . :.v-.. - - , . - ' - NEW YORK, March 9 Eager to know more about Senator Huey LongT who seems to him a "200 per cent American," H. G. Wells arrived today to talk with the Louisiana "Kingfish" and also with Father Couglilin, radio priest. Wells maintains the world is , "neither as well off nor as badly off as extremists insist.'' ,. . . ; , . LEADVILLE, Colo.. March 9. Here is a Wirephoto of Tom. French arid Sue T Bpnheyr who found the body of Elizabeth "Baby Doe" Tabor, once mistress of the Tabor millions, in this shack. Below-zero weather and lack of smoke from the chirtiriey of the cabin caused these neighbors to investigate. They are shown standing in the doorway of the cabin. v " . A. P. Wirephoto, Today's Pictures With Todays News MARINE ORDERS United 'states Marine Corps Headquarters. Ran Francisco, announce! the following change. f officers: : FlMt Lieut. John V. flosefc-aine On or about April 1. detached Sixth Marine. San Dleso.. to'" the Fourth Mine, M.C.E.F.. Shanghai. . ' . First. Lieut. Richard Fagan Present orderi detaching him from Headtiuarters. Department ol the Pacific, to the Marine Barrack,' Navy Yard, Mare Island, Calif, revoked; detachfd Headquarter!, Department of the Pacific, San Francisco, overland to the Navy Yard, Ne York, N. Y., for duty; authorized to delay in reporting at new station until April 1. Capt. Merton J. Batchelder On April 15, detached Marine Barracks, Philadelphia, to the U. S. S. Saratoga, lor duty as commanding officer, as the relief of Capt. Dudley S. Brown, Marine Corps. Authored to delay in reporting until May 1. - Col. Holland M. Smith Reported and assigned duty as Chief of Staff, Department of the Pacific. J First Lieut. Samuel K. Bird Present orders detaching him from the Marine Corps Schbol. Quantico, Va., to the Marine 3arracks, Bremerton, Wash., revoked. ' First Lieut. Robert L. Griffin-Present orders modified in so far directed to pro ceed to Honolulu, T. H., via the U. S, A.-T. Kenubllc, sailing from San Francisco. March 12. First Lieut. Frank J. Uhlig Present orders detaching him from the Marine Schools. Quantico, Va.. to the Marine Barracks, Bremerton. Wash. revoked, Col. Ben.tamin 8. Berry On March In, detached Marine CorpsnBase, San1 Diego, to Headquarters. Southern Recruiting Division, New Orleans, La., for duty as Officer In Charge, as tht-rejief ol Col. William C. Harlee. , ... . First Lieut. Homer C. Murray Present orders modified in so far authorized to delay until April 15. In reporting to the Commandant, 11th Naval District, and the Commanding General. Marine Corps Base. San Diego, for duty. First Lieut. Samuel K. Bird On March 3. detached Marine Corps Schools to Pel-pinf. China, for duty with American Legation, First Ueut. 3illy W. King-Reported March t, and assigned to hospital, Mac Island, for treatment. First Lieut. Frank J. Uhlig On March , detached Marine Corps Schools. Quantico, Va., to American Legation, Peiping, China, for duty. First Lieut. Harry S. Leon Detached Marine Barracks. Cavite, P. I., to San Diego for duty. .:,,. J.t i ' ' . OLD PLANE STILL GOOD'" SEATTLE. A Seattle-built Boeing plane which carried coast-to-coast passengers for. United Airline? eight years ago, not is in use over the Andes Mountains for a Nenezuela" firm. The? p'.ane had over 6000 hours service in the United States, before It was retired.
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