i v"i>*x.j VAJURlEiK NtWS War-Torn Republic of Korea Is Three Years Old Jap police ruled • n lion hand Japan's surrender sped the birth j>f the Republic of Korea. — - . — j But the men. Reds attacked. The U. s. reacted ouickly with amis and And Koreans started plodriing the misery-road of war. • JS, 1948, seemed a __ _ man Rhee and for Gen. Douglas MacArth'ur." The Republic of Korea was three years old today. More than one- third of its short life has bren spent In fighting Communist aggression. From 1910 to the end of World war II In !945 Japanese police ruled Korea with an iron h.-iml After the Jap surrender, Korea was promised its Indepencence. Aug 15, 1948, seemed » happy d ay for Korea when Gen. Douglas MacArthur and President Syngman Rhee officiated at the forma! birth of Ihe new republic. But It was not lo be. The Russians In Korea to accept surrender of Japanese troops, made the 38th Parallel a political boundary, spiitllng the country. i, n ter Russian-trained North Koreans set up a Red "People's Republic." Then, on June 25 1SSO, they Invaded South Korea' The U. s. and UN came (j,;|cklv to the rescue and stemmed Ihe Red tide, But the war wrecked Korea. As the Republic starts its fourth year the best It cnn look forward to Is long years ot rebuilding and rehabilitation. But the Russians, having Keren, left (heir stooges behind. WTOMMPAT. AtTCUBT W, Arkansas in Washington Bf fiORDON BROWN SDonsorerl l»tr[cla>l n r, h« -^ _.. BROWN AP Special Wxjhlnfton Servkt WASHINGTON, Aug. 15. (*>> The Interstate Commerce Commission la-si week Issued an order ol great importance to the future ot industry In Arkansas. The commission, In effect, called on railroads to propose freight rate schedules wiping out differentials which for years have worked to the disadvantage of southern and west- «rn states. Rep Oren Harris (D-Ark). welcoming the action, said that ever since the war between the states freight rates on finished products have worked to the advantage of the northeast Industrial area and to the disadvantage of Arkansas and other southern and western states. The effect of the freight rates. he said, was this: Southern raw products could Man Caught with 'Cyc/es' Down By BOB THOMAS ™ _,... War devastated Ihe country-North and South Korea alike."it will take many years and much money to make the come-back. BOB THOMAS HOLLYWOOD, Aug. 15. <tr> Howard Philbrlck, who orulnarlU cnrt spot a movie trend a mile away. got caught with his cj'cles down lust week. Philbrlck ta the chief of central easting the ouffit which supplies extri. players for Hollywood studios He c»n tell what kinds of pictures tr« being made by scanning the order lists for extra talent. "But I got caught out on a limb " *dmitted Philbrlck, a ruddy-faced man who combines efficiency with . tood-natured , honesty, "i guess i should have 'seen the trend to musicals a month ago. But It sneaked up on me and I found we were too lor on dancers. "And so I did something that wns i complete reversal of our usual policy. For years, we have done everything we can to discourage people from seeking to enter'extra work But this time : Issued publicity that we needed young dancers. I'm beginning to regret It now because we have been flooded with applicants. "Actually, w« don't need loo many dancers, except when there is a musical cycle .such as we're in now. But the kind of rtancers we need arc rather specialized. They have to be thnt rare combination- girls who are good looking and PCly ',, P ' Us belter lh * n » v emge ncers, (he employment outlook for extras is not promising Philbrick Indicated. At one time central casting had us mnny as 20,000 people on Its rolls. Now the list numbers 3.5CO. ft would seem that those who are left vcoilld expect steady work because of the smaller reservoir ot extras. But It doesn't work out that way. "Ten years ago. we averaged from 1.000 .to 1.200 extra Jobs a day," he casting official remarked "Today the average Is 401). For that reason we continue to pare don-,) our list every year. We drop lho.se who haven't earned much money through extra work, arguing Ihnt It Is for their own good lo get out of the bushier." Some extras can earn as much as M.OOO a year. These are mostly ores* extras, the grande (lames nmi elegant, males who decorate night club scenes, etc. Rut others earn as little ss «3<X> annually. The average Is around DISTRICT OF Mr.SSIS.SIFP! COUNTY, ARKANSAS Arnold Arthur Mayer, Ptf. "., ," vs " No - ll '<™ Elsie (Shellto Kralgher Mayer. WARNING ORDKR "" The defendant Elsie (Shelln) ralnher Mayer. Is hereby warned to nppmr In this Court within thirty days and answer Ihe complaint of the plaintiff, Arnold Arthur Mn.ver. WOJIESS my hand and Seal as Clerk, ^f Ihe snid Court and the Jut 1 -"' ""'"' C °" rt lh ' S "" " day Cf Harvey Morris, Clerk By Ruth Magee n c Oscar Fcndler, atty »d litem. 1125-8:1-8-1,1 Shabby Dead Man 'on Pension Was Rich, Investigation Shows move cheaply to the North and finished products could more cheaply to Ihe South. The South could not compete with the Northeast In the markets for finished or manufactured products as of I his situation." a result sponsored legislation to wipe out these differentials. , "I have been working on thla for years—almost from the first day I came to Congress," Harris said "and the recent ICC order i* a great satisfaction lo me." Prom the standpoint of cash income, Arkansas farmers are having a much better year than In 1950. A Department of Agriculture report on farm income from market- Ings of crops and live-stock shows that for the five-month January- May period this year Arkansas farmers received a total of $140811,000, compared with »106.2H,<XW for the corresponding period of 1950. Last .vear the Arkansas farmers wound up with a total of 1512,098.000, compared with »542,101,000 for 1949. The report pointed out that for .he nation as a whole farm income through May ot this year 1s 17 per cent above the corresponding period last year but that this Isn't a net gain to farmers since farm . coste on the average rose ij per M a censeijHeiice. Harris satd. in- | ce "'' dustrial and economic development I department said the gain in of the South was retarded livestock marketing receipts gene"We were held down by these """ rates and our economic development prevented to such an extent that many of our people moved away to other centers." Harris said. An Indirect Result One indirect result was that, due Jo a population decline. Arkansas has lost one of its seven seats In the House of Representatives Now the ICC order is a sreat th k r e rom "™"" the neck If the South and Southwest." Harris said. He recalled that the first step in breaking down the North-South thlate dlff " ential «m« i" with enactment of the trans- i,°l aCt '" which Congress blished the policy of an equni- rally reflected price gains. Crop marketings were off a little in volume, the report said, but this was more than offset by price rises. Up to June 1 this year, the report showed. Arkansas farmers received $75.081,000 frcm sale of livestock: anil $65.730,000 from crops, compared with M6.953.000 a year previous. Nothing comes close to beating out cotton as Arkansas' principal farm product. The report showed that in 1949 cotton lint returned Arkansas farmers «283,38o.OOO and in 1950 brought them $207,202.000. Livestock was the second principal crop, netting [.he state's farmers «4!,919,000 in 1949 and «.iO,158.000 in ,.„.„., „, „„ equBJ . "SO- The chicken Industry was zation of freight rates " fn ' rd with *31.832,000 and $43«8 Then a lev years ago the ICC In- OCO - Eges bro "8ht *12.705,000 In 1949 creased northern freight rates arvd * 14 .»".000 in 1950. about 10 per cent and reduced southern rates about 10 per cent thus narrowing the spread •• India, Pakistan War with Words DELHI, » n wemted their fourth y«« oj Independence rom the British today, but S leaders took nr> holiday from UwJr war o! words with each other India's Prime Minister Ja»,h«. 1.1 Nehru told . rart throng^, hand of. peace U extended n»l»h. to, Pakistan, but he warned t "we have to be prepared lor the worst-and we are * Pakistan's Premier Liaq uat »,, b. rid?"!. 1 "' Pe ° P " IUt moment" ^ " M "™ e) ' Ar?,n" y °" "' CheJisr ' ln ""them Arizona's vast Indian, count™ te la ' n " ™" th * n 30 ° P'«W«torte tes and 138 ma j or ruin*. The United States consume. , D rox.mately 40.000,000 loa?e? „, oread every day. dead of a heart attack on a Brooklyn curb yesterday, his head propped against a rear wheel of t new automobile. Registration papers in his cash- less pockets showed the car was his Police went to his »7-a-week furnished room. There they found about 1300.000 worth of grade-A stocks, some clg- nrette "makings" mid a ledger showing every penny the man had spent since 1911. Bank books showed deposits of lljousnnds of dollars. The man turned out to be Charles Hotlman. 13. He was not known to nave any relatives. Hfs landlady said Holfman, who ad lived in the house for about eight years, told her his wife died may years ago-and left him a arge amount of money. Papers In the room showed Hoff- nan drew an old age pension. A newspaper clipping told that n uncle. Charles Ferdinand Hoff- ---- ••• «• r* «• -^CCK. furnished room, and left an estate of M.000.000. Doug/as Declines to Run For President in '52 WASHINGTON, Aug. IS. (»_ Senator Douglas (D-I11. s«id vej- erday he will not be a candidate for the Democratic nomination, for President. Douglas asked withdrawal of petitions being circulated in Oregon place his name on the ballot "for next May's presidential primary "Now this is the next step which «ill bring about further equalization and in most Instances entirely eliminate the differentials " Harris said. As a member of the House of Commerce Committee Harris has Senator Fulbright and Rep Gath- have introduced bills (o help an Arkansas couple In getting their adopted. half-Japanese daughter into this country. Sgt. and Mrs. Fred W. Caldwel! of Jonesboro. adopted a baby girl n Japan a year ago. The child was and a Oniled stales soldier. Not long afterward the Army reeled that soldier dependent* should leave Japan. Since the in- r ant wa,s not a U.S. citizen there «w no way for Mrs. Caldwell U, bring her to this country. The cou- Pje appealed to Fulbrlght and Gathings. Their special legislation would permit the Infant to enUr he US. The senale has passed It, he House la expected to act soon. Rwent Arkansas visitors to Wash inglon: Ray Barnes and Phil Rogers Payetteville; .Roy Siegler. W »' Marshall. A. O. Pattlson, Eric ^ ' rs and Marvin Melton. Jonesboro' Bruce Bullion, Little Rock. iypercin * •» n>ft DIAGNOSE* STOfJ ACID PAINS -cont/oli fi «i>J i/meu- i»l diittML Ni ftitet worfcfat SAFE ,.,;„ „, STOMACH ULCERS i L , , " —o"- • nt LIIULJ WttA '_ s ™_ s ^e daughter of x Japanese woman YOU CAN HAVE Kirby Drug Stores Now! Finest Hudsons ever built a month Depending upon model selected and value of trade-in Read Courier News Classified Arts A FULL-SIZE GENERAL ELECTRIC RANGE AT AN ECQNOMY PRICE! *j«rt lo di.ntTw'Tbo^t «, IK ,. IN MOST CASH No cash needed! 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