St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on May 3, 1966 · Page 1
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 1

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St. Louis, Missouri
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Tuesday, May 3, 1966
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Page 1
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ON TODAY'S EDITORIAL PAGE Money for the Meromec: Editorial The 50th Pulitzer Prizes: Editorial Specter of Air Pollution: Mirror of Public Opinion FINAL Closing Stock Market Prieei . Paget 8C and 9C UI ini Vol. 88 No. 122 (88th Year) 0 196S. St. Looll Foat-Dlsiwteh ST. LOUIS, TUESDAY, MAY 3, 1966 50 PAGES PRICE 7c Iff GREATER ST. LOUIS toe. MONTH, DAILY 1.0; BY CARRIER SILO POST-0 SPATC TESTS 182,000 OF ITS Correction Made in Front Suspension Sys-tern of Some Dodges and Plymouths From Pnt-Dlspatcli Wire Sprvlrpn DETROIT, May 3 Chrysler Corp. acknowledged yesterday that it was examining 182,000 of its 1D66 models after a production defect that could cause the automobiles to go out of control was reported. The company said only 55 per. cent of the cars involved had reached the public. The autos sought for correction are 1966 Plymouth Belvedere and Satellite models and 1966 Dodge Coronet and Charger models. Meanwhile, a trade paper reported yesterday that the Olds-mobile division of General Motors Corp. had ordered recovery of an undisclosed number of its cars because of a defective carburetor that caused fires in some 1966 models. Occasional Fires "Serious problems have occasionally occurred," a story in Automotive News said, "when the plug in a so-called fuel inlet on the front of a quadrajet carburetor has slipped out, permitting gasoline to spew over the engine and to ignite." The industry publication reported that the defective carburetors had been found on "a substantial number of all '66 Oldsmobile models with high performance engines, except Dynamic 88s and Delta 88s. A Chrysler spokesman said the defect on the company's cars involved two nuts on a control arm strut, a unit that comprises part of the front suspension system. In 20 cases, the spokesman said, the nuts were found ' to have been left loose in assembly. If they came off, the company said, the car would go out of control. There have been reports of two accidents as a result of this occurring, Chrysler said. None of the mishaps was serious as there were no injuries, the spokesman said. The 182,000 cars involved in the over -all inspection effort were produced at the Lynch road assembly plant in Detroit and at the Los Angeles assem bly plant, Chrysler said. About 45 per cent still are in the hands oi me lactones or aeaiers, , U.S. Studying Buckles Meanwhile, it was learned In Washington yesterday that the Government had begun a study to determine whether the buckles on new push-button automobile seatbelts are defective. The study is being conducted by the National Bureau of Standards at the request of Senator Warren G. Magnuson (Dem.), Washington, chairman of the Senate Commerce Committee, which has held hearings on President Lyndon B. Johnson's traffic safety legislation. Auto industry critic Ralph Nader charged at a National Consumers Assembly last week that General Motors and the Ford Motor Co. had equipped their late model cars with the seiat belts knowing they were unsafe. He said the buckles would pop open if rapped sharply. Ford vice president John S. Dugas told a House safety hearing that the buckle release demonstrated by Nader was Simply a "parlor trick." GM said the seat belts were superior to standards set for government automobiles by the General Services Administration TURN TO PAGE 2, COLUMN 7 Continued Mild Official forecast for St. Louis and vicinity: Partly cloudy tonight with the low near 50; clear to partly cloudy and continued mild tomorrow, the high In the low to mid 70s; mostly sunny and continued mild Thursday. CHRYSLER iD CARS DEFECTS Our f Temperatures 1 a.m. 55 2 a.m. 54 3 a.m. 53 4 a.m. 52 5 a.m. 51 6 a.m. 47 7 a.m. 48 8 a.m. 54 9 a.m. 55 10 a.m. 56 11 a.m. 68 12 Noon 71 1 p.m. 64 2 p.m. 64 3 p.m. 66 PCST-OISPATCH WEATHf RBIBD ma u s fat. orW. Other weather information on Face 2A Editorials on Viet Nam Helped Win Pulitzer Prize tor Lasch Post-Dispatch Editor Took Issue With U.S. Foreign Policy Related Articles on Page 1C By DONALD GRANT A Staff Correspondent of the Post-Dispatch NEW YORK, May 3 Robert Lasch, editor of the editorial visory board found most inter-page of the St. Louis Post-Dis- esting the editorials taking issue patch, was awarded the Pulitzer with 'United States foreign pol-Prize yesterday for distinguished icy, particularly in Viet Nam. editorial writing. One of these, "The Containment Announcement of the fiftieth of Ideas," published in the Post-annual Pulitzer Prizes in jour- Dispatch Jan. 17 of last year, nalism. letters and music was was BDDended to the announce- made by President Grayson Kirk of Columbia University. ut"er journalism awards went iu. uib ousiun uiuue jor memo- rious public service; the Los Angeles Times for local report- ,r "ayne? Jonnson r01 e ffdtfjuiigiuu .evening oiar J or o Press for m. ternational reporting; Kyoichi Sawada of United Press International for photography; John A. Frasca of the Tampa (Fla.) Tribune for local reporting of an investigative nature, and Don 1500 SEATS MADE AVAILABLE FOR SUNDAY PARADE About 1500 seats will be available on Market street, between Broadway and Seventh street, for the Bicentennial Parade Sunday. The seats will be on both sides of Market and will sell for 1 each. They are being furnished by the Junior Chamber of Commerce, which will turn over proceeds to the Bicentennial Corp. to defray parade expenses. All the seats will be on' street level. Tickets may be ordered singly or in blocks by telephoning the Junior Chamber of Commerce at CHestnut 1-7565. The parade will begin at Grand and Washington boulevards after the final baseball game at Busch Stadium end proceed downtown to Busch Memorial Stadium, where formal dedication ceremonies will take place, followed by entertainment. STOCK MARKET CONTINUES ITS DOWNWARD TREND From Post-Dispatch Wire Srrvicn NEW YORK, May 3-Shares on the New York Stock Exchange continued their downward trend today in moderate to active trading. Preliminary closing figures for Dow Joneis average for 30 industrials indicated that the market index closed at 921.77, of 10.18 points, or 1.09 per cent. , -v . LUOtO 01 A NUoC LOURENCO MARQUES, Mozambique, May 3 (U PI) Police said Carlos Chana, a ticket collector, bit the nose off Antonio Pocas, a bus driver, in a dispute over their work. Asaociafed Press Wlrephoto Saved Plane With a Paper Clip Col. Joseph Cotton telling reporters at Edwards Air Force Base, Calif., yesterday how he used a paper clip to short circuit a balky relay which was preventing the lowering of the landing gear on the huge XB-70A. EDWARDS AIR FORCE Aviation's Al White, told re- BASE, Calif., May 3 (AP)-How porters: . .. , . -nn nnn "I am convinced we would a paper clip saved a 500,000- hav(j hmktn p,ane (0 piece8 pound XB-70A research bomber if we tried t0 land without from crashing was told yester- the nose gear locked into po- day by its pilots. sition." Air Force Col. Joseph Cotton, After more than an hour of copilot when the 185-foot-long talking to the ground by radio, craft made a test flight Satur- Cotton found two terminals in a day, used the clip to short cir- junction box and fashioned a cuit a relay panel and force a connection from a paper clip, stuck nose gear down into land- This by-passed a faulty relay ing position. and provided the signal to force The pilot, North American the nose gear down. Wright of the Miami News for cartooning. Although the award to Lasch was for the whole of his editorial writing in 1965, it was known that members of the ad ment as an example of Lasch's work. other editorials the advisory board was said to have singled out were "A Question of Aims in Viet Nam," published last Nov. 26 and "All Over Again with China?" published last Dec. 19. Lasch receives a $1000 prize for "distinguished editorial writing, the test of excellence being clearness of style, moral purpose, sound reasoning, and power to influence public opinion in TURN TO PAGE 5, COLUMN 1 May Prevent State From Losing $10,-000,000 in U.S. Funds By FRED W. LINDECKE A Staff Correspondent of the Post-Dispatch JEFFERSON CITY. May 3 The House passed and sent to the Governor today a compromise billboard control bill. It is hoped that the bill will prevent Missouri from losing $10,000,000 a year in federal highway aid. The final vote in the house was 101 to 48, with urban area representatives picking up support from some rural legislators to pass the bill. . The Senate passed the bill yesterday, 24 to 8. Prior to acting on the billboard bill, the House passed and sent to the Senate eight appropriations bills. The bills call for spending $960,000,000 of about $1,117,000,000 expected to be appropriated for the 1966-67 fiscal year in Missouri. The appropriations bills passed by the House are the result of a joint House-Senate conference committee. All that remains to be done on (appropriations bills in the special session is accept- ance by the Senate of the House passed measures and tfien approval of the omnibus appropriations bill. It is hoped that the special ses- TURN TO PAGE 5, COLUMN 4 HOUSE PASSES COMPROMISE BILLBOARD BILL O.S. FORMALLY ADMITS FIRING CAMBODIA TO SILENCE REDS Statement Indirectly Warns Sihanouk Against Letting Viet Cong Use Base SAIGON, South Viet Nam, May 3 (AP) The United States tore away a thin veil of official secrecy from military operations along the Cambodian frontier today by acknowledging for the first time that United States forces had fired across the international border. The announcement by the U.S. command in Saigon indirctly warned Cambodia's chief of state, Prince Norodom Sihanouk, that he can expect more action against his territory if he continues to let the Viet Cong use it for attacks on American forces in South Viet Nam. A U.S. spokesman said American artillerymen unleashed a heavy barrage Saturday to silence "very heavy" automatic weapons and mortar fire from across the border on a bataMion of the U.S. First Infantry Division. The "Big Red One" was sweeping the South Viet Namese side of the Cai Bac river in Tay Ninh province, 75 miles northwest of Saigon, long suspected of headquartering the Viet Cong's political arm, the National Liberation front. Supplies Seized The Americans have seized hundreds of tons of Viet Cong supplies in the last nine days of their sweep Operation Birmingham in the jungled area. It is the largest Communist cache taken in the war. B-52s again flew in from Guam today for the fifth raid on the area during the infantry operation. Other U.S. planes carried out 305 combat sorties in the south, while a three-week lull in the ground war persisted. The U.S. spokesman said 83 Viet Cong have been killed, nine captured and four picked up in Operation Birmingham ; against light American casualties. He announced also that an operation begun by the 101st Airborne Division on March 25 had killed 192 Communists, captured 44, seized 41 weapons and detained 280 suspects. It is continuing. Air War Abates i The air war against North Viet Nam tapered off to 35 missions vesterday. A sortie in- volves a strike by a single plane against a single target, while a mission usuany mvuivcs ki . , aircraft hitting their objective creasing infiltration of forces several times. Another Navy from North Viet Nam. plane was reported lost over the McNamara acknowledged for north and the pilot was listed the first time that political Unas missine. A downed Navy pilot rest in South Viet Nam in the was reported rescued by heii- copter yesterday. The State Department declared last December that U.S. commanders in the field had been authorized to enter or fire on Cambodian territory if it was being used by troops attacking American forces. Sihanouk and his representatives have repeatedly denied that the Viet Cong were using Cambodia as a sanctuary. There have been repeated unofficial reports of U.S. troops firing into Cambodia, but the disclosure today was the first official acknowledgement. The spokesman said the decision to shell the Viet Cong across the frontier was made by the battalion commander on the spot. The spokesman said, that the TURN TO PAGE 2, COLUMN 2 QUEEN ELIZABETH PAYS OFF TO A PARKING METER LONDON, May 3 (AP)-Queen Elizabeth II had to pay a parking fee yesterday. The Queen's chauffeur put a coin in the parking meter when she visited a hospital where her daughter. Princess Anne, is being treated for a broken nose. "It's unusual for the Queen to pay for parking," explained a Buckingham Palace spokesman, "but on this occasion the Queen was on a private visit in a crowded London area and the only parking spaces available are those in front of parking meters." Prince Philip, the Queen's husband, parked his high-speed, glass-topped sports station wagon at London airport yesterday before flying to Oslo. Passersby noticed that the license tag was 66 Ogle, an illegal registration. "The phone hasn't stopped ringing about it," said a palace spokesman. "I'm sure Prince Philip doesn't realize the registration is illegal." The Ogle stands for David Ogle, the design firm that helped build the car. JOHNSON TO SEEK LAW PERMITTING EXPANSION OF TRADE WITH EAST EUROPE Operation Along Soldiers of the First Infantry Division crouching in tall grass after jumping from departing helicopters for an attack on Viet Cong supply bases along the Cambodian border. Infantrymen of the Big Red One returned the fire of Red guerrillas who had shot at them from their sanctuary across the border. , . ' U.S. MAY, HIKE F E, Political Unrest Has Hampered War Effort, He Admits C 1i8, 7w Vork Timrs J"ew Service WASHINGTON, May 3-Sec-retary of Defense Robert S. Mc-Namara predicted yesterday that the United States Drobablv WQuld send mQre troops ,0 South tQ jn last six weeks had adversely affected military efforts by American and South Viet Nam troops. However, he said that in the last few days military operations had begun to return to the levels that prevailed before the political disorders. McNamara gave no figures on the number of additional troops that the Administration might send to Viet Nam. 400,000 Troops The United States has been sending troops to South Viet Nam at a rate of slightly more than 18,000 a month. There were 181,000 American troops there at the start of the year. The number has risen to 255,000. Informed speculation is that the number will increase to about 400,000 by the end of the year. McNamara attributed the need for more American soldiers to the increase in infiltration from North Viet- Nam. In recent months, he said, infiltration has been at a rate of about 4500 men a month about three times the level of last year. In the last ,30 to 60 days, he continued, it "seems-certain" that the infiltration rates have increased, although he gave no estimates of the new rate. To counter this continuing and rising infiltration, he said, the U.S. "probably will have to send additional troops." McNamara appeared with Under Secretary of State George W. Ball in a question-and-an-swer session before the annual meeting of the Chamber of Commerce of the United States. Ball was substituting for Secretary of State Dean Rusk, who is recuperating from a bad cold and laryngitis. The written questions submitted by some of the several thousand businessmen attending the session dealt largely with Viet Nam. Seated at separate tables tin a large and crowded hall, Ball fielded the politicl questions and McNamara the mili tary ones. dii , .,,,,,, Ball said the no "nctuary policy announced by e Adm n- istration would not mean auto- TURN TO PAGE d, COLUMN 4 VET NAM M'NAMARA Y Cambodian Border CHILDREN SOLD FOR SO CENTS IN INDIA FAMINE NEW DELHI, May 3 (UPI)-A famine affecting 3,000,000 per-sons in an area of 10,000 square miles in the eastern state of Orissa is so.severe that children are being abandoned or sold for as little as 50 cents, it was reported yesterday. , Harrowing stories of suffering from the famine area appeared in New Delhi newspapers. The Hindustan Standard published a dispatch from Orissa by a correspondent who said he saw infants, reduced to skin and bones, abandoned by a roadside because their mothers no longer could breast - feed them. Other children were being offered for sale by their parents, the report said. Authorities said the situation was not so much a case of food shortage as the lack of money with which the peasants cou'd buy it. A drouth in the region has caused a drastic reduction in farm jobs, and many workers can afford to eat only once every two, or three days. IRAN DONATES ONE DAY'S ARMS ,,,r-.T. M.rrr 1 9BB, Xew Vork Tliripn Nwn Servlr PARIS, May 3 The Shah of Iran announced yesterday the gift of one day's military budget $700,000-4o the world-wide war against illiteracy. He appealed in personal letters to other chiefs of state to follow his example, and said that if a substantial number did so, he would make his an annual gift. The Shah's letter was read yesterday to a meeting of the executive board of the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). Iran's UNESCO dues assessment is less than $23,000 a year. It was emphasized that the Iranian donation would come directly from the military budget and was not to be considered merely as the equivalent of a day's spending. HOW NOT TO DO IT ARVIN, Calif., May 3 (UPI, Parachute jump instructor W. liam Rogers of Santa Monic jumped from a three-foot-hig?. table to demonstrate safe landing techniques and broke his leg. A Dudgeon, in High, Proves Wife Wrong, Gets Speeding Ticket AUDUBON, la., May 3 (AP)-Mrs. Wayne Dudgeon came home complaining that a police radar unit had made a mistake in clocking her automobile at 38 m ues an nour in a a-mue tunc, impossible to accelerate g she c(m. miles an hour in a 25-mile zone. tended. Her husband disagreed and Associated Pres Wlrephoto TED KENNEDY Calls on Johnson to Name Blue-Ribbon Commission By THOMAS W. OTTENAD A Washington Correspondent of the Post-Dispatch WASHINGTON, May 3-Sena-tor Edward M. Kennedy proposed today that President Lyndon B. Johnson appoint a blue-ribbon commission tc recommend "new directions in our China policy." The Massachusetts Democrat suggested that the study group consider ending the present American embargo on trade with Communist China, give serious consideration to admitting Red China to the United Nations and seek, ways to encourage more normal international activity by the big Far Eastern power. Like other critics of American policy toward China, Kennedy said the United States must be prepared to have friendly initiatives rebuffed by the Chinese "perhaps for years to come." Yet he said the effort should be made because "the forces of change are at work In China just as they are in every country." Backed By Colleague The brother of the late President John F. Kennedy was supported by Senator George Mc-Govern (Dem., South Dakota, in calling for a change in America's Chinese policy. Last week Senator J. William Fulbright warned that China and the United States would continue to drift toward war unless this country abandoned its hostility to the Chinese. And on Saturday Senator Wayne Morse charged that American policy had sunk into an "antiquated and dangerous rut." The White House referred to the State Department all inquiries for comment on the proposal. At the State Department, press fficer Robert J. McOloskey said le Kennedy speech would be .-.refuliy studied. "Problems with Peking revive constant attention on the highest level of the Govern- TURN TO PAGE 4, COLUMN 3 said he would prove she was wrong. With Dudgeon driving this time, thev returned to the area. The car speedometer showed 38 iimca ,, v . Mrs. Dudgeon had been arrested. The radar unit was stilI miles an hour at the point where on the scene. Dudgeon received a speeding ticket. URGES STUDY OF SHIFT ON CHINA HE CALL NATO 1ST NECESSITY F WEST EUROPE Tariff Plan Said to Include Most-Favored Nation Treatment for Russia By JAMES DEAR IN A Washington Correspondent of the Post-Dispatch WASHINGTON, May 3-Presi-dent Lyndon B. Johnson said today that he was instructing Secretary of State Dean Rusk to send Congress proposed legislation making it possible to expand trade between the United States and eastern Europe. He gave no details of the legislation', but Administration officials said the proposal would give the President authority to extend most - favored - nation treatment to Russia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria and Czechoslovakia. Poland and Yugoslavia are the . on'ly eastern European countries that have this clause in their trade agreements with the United States. The arrangement guarantees them tariff treatment equal to that of other nations with which the United States does business. Polish Anniversary Mr. Johnson made the statement at a White House ceremony observing the 1000th anniversary of Christianity in Po-land and of Polish nationhood. The anniversary is being celebrated today in Poland and by persons of Polish descent throughout .the world. In the speech, the President, responding to discord within the Atlantic alliance, said the North Atlantic Treaty Organization remained "the first necessity" for unity in western Europe.. Mr. Johnson, in an apparent reply to French withdrawal from the NATO structure, said that the Atlantic alliance "continues to be a basis for security, solidarity and advance in Europe." Five Principles Mr. Johnson listed five principles that he said guided the United States in its relations with the continent. The first, he said, is "our alliance with western Europe, which we believe is in the common interest of all who seek peace." The NATO organization, he said, "is a charter for changing needs, not a relic of past requirements." The second guiding principle, Mr. Johnson said, is the United States belief that western European unity "is not only desirable but necessary." From a base of unity, western Europe can best build ties to eastern Europe and Russia, Mr. Johnson said. "Third, we will encourage every constructive enrichment of the human, cultural and commercial ties between eastern Europe and the West," Mr. Johnson continued. German Issues "Fourth, we will continue to seek ways to improve relations between the people of Germany and their fellow Europeans to the east, and to move toward a peaceful settlement of the division of Germany on the principle of self-determination. "Fifth, we welcome growing participation by the nations of eastern Europe in common efforts to accelerate economic growth in the developing areas of the world, and to share in the world-wide war on poverty, hunger and disease. In saying that the NATO alliance continued to be the foundation of U.S. policy in western Europe, Mr. Johnson told his audience that NATO was the best hope for reconciling differences between the Western nations and Russia. "It remains our conviction that an integrated Atlantic defense is the first necessity, not the last result, of the building of unity in western Europe, for expanding partnership across the Atlantic, and for reconciling TURN TO PAGE 14, COLUMN NEWS INDEX pa0 Sookt ..... 2C BditoH! . . - 3C Piqa Picture Pae . 10 Todiy'i Woman 40 TV-Radio ... ID Evacyd.y Magauna Section . . I-I0O Financial . . 7-IOC Ann landtr . 3D Fl.aion . . . . 3C . . . . 20 Lippmann 3w . D Obituarin . . II Molntr . . 2D sporti .... Martha Carr . 70 want Ad . . 1-121 Movi. Timat . JD W.ather Man - 2A OR UNITY IN

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