YOU WILL FIND EVERYTHING A MAN WEARS AT CLOTHIERS 1003 Broadway ''Starts the Day on the South PUtinJ LUBBOCK MORNING AVALANCHE FIFTEENTH YEAR, NO, 71 1C PAGES LUBBOCK, TEXAS, FRIDAY, FEBRUARY 19, 1937 MEANS "ASSOCIATED PRESS" Nazi-Fascist Aid Given Spain's Rebels Six U. S. Marines Are Victims Of Gun Blast Aboard Ship Ten Others In Gun Crew Hurt I By Explosion Tragedy Occures During Mock Battle Off California Coast Thursday; Fire-Inch Shell Explodes In Loading One Is An Officer Information Of Accident GiTen On Radio But Details Of It Are Lacking; Inquiry Is To Be Held Aboard Ship (By The Associated Prtisi S AN PEDRO, Calif., Feb. 18. — An officer and five enlisted men of the United StAtes Marine corps were killed, six were seriously injured and four were slightly injured in the explosion of a five-inch shell aboard the demilitarized battleship Wyoming during fleet maneuvers near here today. The dead: Cap's 1 in John Edward Trumble, T. S. Marine corps; nest of kin, wife. Mrs. Mary E. Trumble, 1415 King etreet, Alexandria, V». John Bauer: mother, Mrs. Katharine Bauer, Cincinnati. Ohio. Albert Enos: sister, Alice Frazier, Cambridge. Mass. Joseph William Bozyuski: sister, Mrs. Sarah Hershel, Pittsburgh, Pi. Clinton Lyrly Walker; father, James H. Walker, Boykin, S. C. Richard Frye; mother, Mrs. Mamie Frye, Johnstown, Pa. Serving 5-Inch Gnn / The dead and injured were mem- IB bers of the Marine corps gun crew ^i serving a live-inch gun on the starboard side .of the. Wyoming, it was stated by a member of the suff of Rear Admiral Arthur J. Hepburn aboard the VS. S. S. Pennsylvania, fleet flagship, in a radio report. The five-inch shell exploded while b«lng loaded into the breech of the cun during the Wyoming's participation in a barrage to cover landing operation* in the culminating phase of the four days of «ky, sen tnd land maneuvers In which 3,700 marines, 750 army troops and a dozen naval vessels engaged at San Clement* Island, naval firing station 60 miles offshore. "It was a terrible accident— that \K nil I can say. said Captain Charles Nelson Hinkamp, commander of the Wyoming. "One of the five-inch guns, the after pun on the main deck, starboard side let go. The dead are of the regular Marine personnel and the fleet Marine force brought out from Quantlco, Va., for the battle problems here." He said ft court of inquiry will be held tomorrow aboard the Wyoming. Huge Sum To Be Needed For FDR's Crop Insurance Plan Here's How The All-Risk Insurance Plan Will Work For Wheat Farmers W (By Th« Ai.ioclnted Press) ASHINGTON, Feb. 18.- Government tech nicians who devised the all-risk crop insurance which President Roosevelt recommended to congress.- today said it would work like this: A wheat farmer would apply at a seeding time to his local county committee of farmers for insurance against drouth, grasshoppers, floods, hail and other hazards of nature. The committee would check his acreage and determine the amount of insurance which could be carried and the amount of premiums to be paid. Premiums would be fixed at so many bushels of wheat. Past production records of the farm would be used in determining the amount of insurance and the cost, although these might be adjusted in unusual cases. The maximum protection would be up to three-quarters of normal or average yield. If the farmer lost his entire crop and his average yield previously had been 12 bushels an acre, he would receive nine busnels per acre from the government wheat stores. Premiums could be paid only in years that yields were above average. The farmer might pay as much as five years' premiums from one bumper crop. Limiting Engine's Power Considered As Safety Move WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. Rovcrnmcnt committee advocated today limiting the engine power of automobiles "to protect the reckless motorist against hl.s own folly." The report, submitted to the accident. prevention conference organized by the department of commerce, blnmed high speed and poor lighting for a major part of 36,010 fatalities in a year. Cars are being driven nt night, in rural sections too fast for lighting conditions, the report .said. While speeding up to flO miles an hour is not uncommon. It declared, night driving under the very best conditions at over 50 miles an 'hour is unsafe. The committee said the automotive industry was working to solve the problem. Thousand Men Toil To Mend Levee Break On Mississippi NATCHKZ, Miss., Feb. 18. (/Pi— A thousand toiling rivcrmen dropped tons of sand against a 35-mile stretch of low embankment below Deer Pnrk today to hem in the Mississippi's swelling flood crest. The flooded Mississippi, oarryinR the crest of the disastrous Ohio valley flood past VicksburR and NiUciiez. was battrrinp at the weakened Deer Park levee. The. rivcr- men were put to work mending cracks ar.rl a landslide which developed last night below Deer Park. TUME- KtYO Av«Unchc-Jourft*l SWion 1510 KllOCVCltf State Files Suits To Confiscate Oil Total Of 1,732,311 Barrels Involved In Court Move iBj The Associated PresM A USTIN. Feb. 18. (#;—The attorney general's department filed suits against 150 defendants today seeking confiscation of 1.732,311 barrels of crude oil stored in East Texas. The suits were filed under a law authorizing confiscation of oil produced in excess of allowables fixed by the raidroad commission, state proration administrator, and District Judge J. D. Moore appointed Gtis Blankcnship, Jacksonville banker, receiver. Assistant Attorney General Dick Holt said many of the defendants probably would not claim ownership of the oil, but were named because they owned property on which the oil was stored. He also anticipated those claiming title to the oil would contend a large part of it. was in storage prior to enactment of the law. Attorney General William McCrnw and C. V. Terrell, chairman of thr commission, said the suits were brought in nn effort to place all oil which they belived to have been produced illegally under jurisdiction of the court and forestall any litigation seeking to move it. The oil was said to be stored in 54 open pits and 33 steel tanks and was listed as 1,069,821 barrels of fuel oil, or reduced crude of low gravity. 459,131 barrels of weathered crude and 167.357 barrels with a gravity comparable to that of fresh East Texas crude. Meanwhile, MeCraw prepared to defend the confiscation statute (Turn to Page 11. Column 6, Please) Vitamins Not Considered, Thi$ Steak 1$ Rich; Meat Market Proprietor On Edge NEWARK. N. J.. Feb. 18. ,.^!—A food market placed the following advertisement in a Newark newspaper today: "Will lady driving car with Morris cnunty plates who bought meat Tuesday night . . T please communicate with manager at once?" Manager Saul Galkin told the story behind the ad: He counted the day's receipts— $60—sealed the money in an envelope, put the envelope in a large paper bap, and laid the bag on the meat counter. A butcher, waiting on a closing time customer, put her steak in the bag with the money and away she went. Coughliit Charges Roosevelt Seeks To Become A Dictator CHICAGO. Feb. 18. i,T->—The Rev. Charles E. Coughlin, in a signed article published today in his weekly review "Social Justice." charged President Roosevelt advocated altering the Supreme court because "lie wants to be a dictator." Oil, MAN DIES DALLAS, Feb. 18. U'.i services will be held here Saturday for William C. Proctor. 70. re.tired vice president and treasurer of the Magnolia Petroleum company, who died today at his home. Move your business to a new location by stayin., where you are with Chrysler Airtemp Air Conditioning equipment from Sherrwl Bra.—Adv. 'Aside' Remark "Don't look now, but—'' President Roosevelt apparently is saying out of the corner of his mouth to Vice t'residcnl Garner in this informal camera stance of the nation's two executives at the banquet xivrn in Washington the other nijjht in honor of Postmaster General James A. Varley. The president mislH be casting a remark about the wave of opposition to his Supreme courl reform plan or he might be think- inr of his proposed trip to Trxus and asking. "John, how's thr fishing; down there, anyway?" Garner wa* toastmastcr at the dinner. (Associated Press Photo). Nobel Prize Given 0\Neill_Thursday OAKLAND, Calif.. Feb. 18 ••T' — The Nobel prize for literature was awarded to Eugene O'Nei'.l <" lllt ' sun -f looded room of a where the noted American playwright has been confined since las: December after an operation O'Neill was unable to m.ue the trip to Sweden and recr-.ve the awarci in person from Kini Oustav V. A medal and diploma supr-U'ment- ed a cash prize of $40.000. Nations Population Growing Older, Census Bureau Reports WASHINGTON, Feb. IK. ••I 1 -— The census bureau reported uv.ay Il1il the nations population 'hat of ot all re- years m li™- 25 - 2 whole is "slowly, but persistently, growing older." It said the median n persons at the mid-pom ported aRes— stood at L'T 1935 compared with -J(M in 1920 and 18.8 in IS. 1 " 1 . In 1935, the bureau rrporied. 61.5 per cent ot the popuUf.ou was :U years or older. This comp.«'ecl with 59.4 per cent in I'.wn : ( ";i •"'" 6 P 61 cent in 19:20, Of the 127.341..W ^sti'^at* 1 population in 193S. 64.lpi.»no were male and 83.180,300 wore uauie, or 101.6 males to each 100 tern .-,!•'.-. MORI: nxniNc; WASHINGTON. Fch 18. .J 1 '— The agriculture department said today that more persons are finding work on farms The averse 100 farms throughout the co\;iv-.-v employed 272 persons this n-.o-.itii. nine more than a month as« a " li four abovc last year. President Submits Plan To Congress On Thursday fBy The Associated Press) WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. — Of*^ ficials estimated tonight that $100.000.000 to $150.000.000 would be required to set up a vast crop insurance system recommended to congress today by President Roosevelt. They figured that amount would establish adequate reserves and meet other necessary costs. Would Eliminate Costs Offsetting this was the contention of the president's crop insurance committee that the proposed system would eliminate other expenditures for farmers distressed by crop failures. The committee estimated such outlays had totaled $600,000.000 in the past ten years. In a special message to congress today. Mr. Roosevelt, recommended that federal crop insurance start with wheat next year and be extended later to other producers evidencing a desire for such protection. Declared Constitutional As in his message on tenancy, the president emphasized his contention that federal action upon .such matters is constitutional. Chairman Pope iD.-Ida.), of a- senate subcommittee appointed to consider the crop insurance proposal, immediately hailed it as clearly constitutional. Pope told reporters his subcommittee would begin hearings within the next week. Senator Norris iR.-Ind.-Neb.; also asserted crop insurance legislation is "clearly constitutional under the constitution." "But whether it is constitutional under the Supreme court decisions is a different thing," he added. Chairman Jones 'D.-Tex.> of the house agriculture committee predicted it would be some time before his group took up the new recommendations. Upward Surge Is Predicted Government Economists Say U. S. Industrial And Business Activity Is Due For Climb After Flood, Strikes i By Tllr Ai^oclaf'i Prr:-; •• WASHINGTON'. Feb. 18—Government economists predicted today an upward surge in industrial and business activity, which lud been interrupted in recent, weeks by Hoods and strikes. Along with this will come continued improvement in purchasing power of consumers. s;iirl the bureau of agricultural economics. It forecast strong prices for major larm products in the next few months. The settlement of mar: 1 Sine, automobile, and plate nla*s >tnkcr will expand employment ar.ci payrolls, and "large private and governmental expenditures for rehabilitation of the flood areas will help to stimulate general business in ; !'" immediate future." the bureau >aid. Farm Prices Lead In Advance In Past Week WASHINGTON, Feb. IS <-P' — Farm prices led an ai.--.ince of wholesale commodity prir > in the week ending February in. the department of labor reporiiv. today. The farm price index rose 1.2 points to 91.6 per cent o; 'he 19-6 base period. The average : n prices for all other commodities vivanced 1-10 of a point to 83.6 jv: con;. FDR's Talks With Senators Are Continued Intimate Conference Is Held Thursday With Brown, Moore And Maloney As President Seeks Support For Plan Reminds Congress Message On Crop Insurance Includes Reference To Views On Constitutionality Of New Deal Proposals 'By The Associated Press) W ASHINGTON. Feb. 18.—President Roosevelt renewed today his effort to swing senators to the support of his proposal to name six new Supreme court justices. To the Whir? House for an intimate conference he called Senators Brown of Michigan; Maloney of TO CONDCCT POLL CHICAGO, Feb. 3*. •-?••—The *»*rf =f sorcrnors of the American Bar as- sociatinn voted ttinficht to poll ils membership ot 29,(HMI lawyer* on President Rooserell's proposals to reorganize the Supreme court. Members of ttate and local liar av- wociatibn* were urged to co-nner-itc in the development of public opinion on the question* Involved. Connecticut and Moore of New Jersey, all Democrat;:, who have yet to take a final stand on his court idea but have indicated opposition. Reminds Congress Again Then, he reminded congress for the second time this week of his view that the Constitution permits federal action on problems of nation-wide . sc.pp£.... Sending to the capitol a inessnce ureing federal crop insurance, he said that "because economic and social reforms of this character are essentially national in scope and in administration, the citizens of our nation believe that our form of government was never intended to prohibit their accomplishment." This followed a message on the farm tenancy problem which concluded with an assertion that "most Americans believe that otir form of ttovernnient does not prohibit action PI', behalf of those who need help.' 1 Conplins thc.se incidents, many in concrnss were quick to conclude that by aUachins such statement to incssapcs on specific legislation. Mr. Roosevelt was quietly appealing for and count ins on the support of thnsp desirinc the leeislation- The president's talk today with (Turn to Page 11. Column 1. Please) Federal Reserve Upturn Bolstered "The Gingham Girl" In Style Tonight Thr g-iiijrharn clad yomj|r ladies pictured above are to appear ir. "The Gingham Girl." 193* Senior class play at the High school auditorium tonight at 8 o'clock. Miss lenora Shaffer, who plays the feminine lead in the three-art musical comedy, is center. Others are, reading left to right. Clarabel Lee, Dorothy Smith, Lurline Tarlton, Caroline Scale, Cathryn Dykes. Mary Ruth Hnfslerller, Mary Grace Ellison and Gwendolyn McKinnon. Story is on page 0. Pesky Starlings Threaten To "Take" South Plains; Professor Gives Warning Italians And Germans Said Among Forces German Engineers Reported To Be Supervising Erection Of Fortifications Facing Border Of France Fighting Is Sharp Central Spain's Territory It Ravaged For Second Day By Furious, Ceaseless Battle; Government Is Standing 'By The Associated Pressl V ALENCIA. Spain, Feb. 18. — Statements of prisoners captured on the Villa Harta sector, northwest of Cordoba, today indicated heavy Italian and German forces were strynsr along the- Cordoba front. Reports from the Villa del Rio sector reported sharp fighting in progress in that Andalusian area. Insurgents Fortifying Border Facing France BAYONNE, France. Feb. 18. </F\The Basque government of northern Spain asserted tonight Spanish in- 'War" Is Declared On Birds By Firemen Around Hotels' WASHINGTON. Feb. 18. -The Federal Reserve board reported today member bank excess reserve*, cliinbcd 310.000.0(10 during the week ended February 17 to a 1937 high of $2.190.000.000. The upturn was traceable- laruely to a $9.000.000 drop in money in circulation. Tins money, flovvin:-', back to the bank*, bolstered the supply of idle funds. Excess reserves, or loanable funds, will be reduced by about SI.500.- 000.000 when a 33 i-3 per cent, increase in deposit reserve requirements ordered by :he board is fully effective May 1. Effects the increase may have on the credit situation generally—and thus on treasury financing—have been discussed iii two recent conferences between Secretary Mor- genthau and members of the reserve board's open market committee. T UBBOCK residents who are Lj looking forward to beautiful lawns this" summer should join police and firemen in the war on .starlings begun Wednesday night. Slat-Imps especially are destructive !o lawns, .says Dr. D. W. Douglas, instructor in zoology at Texas Technological college. This bird which suddenly has swooped down on Lubbock to make homes in and around the hotels. Tech buildings, the courthouse and other large buildings, feeds on short cfrass. Besides being destructive to crops, it wars on beneficial birds such as the blicker, martin, and robin. Vegetable Chief Food It ;t decides to stay in Lubbock. .--aid Dr. Douglas, there is nothing that can be done about it. It is a .'-Iron};, resolute and cautious bird, cunning in hitlinc. and multiplies rapidly. It almost is omnivorous, but its food chiefly is vegetable. It has not spread as fast as the English sparrow did because it is not so prolific. It does not travel on grain cars as the sparrow does. Speculation on the bird's habits and possible period of habitation was interrupted Wednesday and Thursday nights by bombardment calculated to discourage its tenure. Fin-men Blast Away Firemen and police blasted away irom lire escapes of Lubbock's two principal downtown hotels. Starlings, m cluttered droves that etched the darkening skies in swift, black, fell before .410 gauge guns, or moved restlessly to other roosting House Committee In Favor Of Bill To Double Highway Unit AUSTIN. Feb. 18. \.V<— The house state affairs committee reported favoraoiy today a bill by Rep. George M. Newton of Cameron :o double the highway patrol. Governor Allred recommended the increase as part of his salary program. The rea.--on for the, fireworks? iiotcl guests say they can not sleep (Turn to Page 11, Column 4, Please) Unionization Of Wage-Earning Farm Workers Next AFL Goal WASHINGTON, Feb. 18. i.-r—The American Federation of Labor decided today to start, a nationwide campaign to unionize wage-earning agricultural workers. William Green, president, said a survey indicated a potential membership of 240,000 persons, which is the esiiinatt-d peak employment during the year. Most Of them do seasonal work and migrate from district to district as various crops mature. They usually get. jobs harvesting packing and canning produce. Fanny Brice Sets Out Ten Qualifications For "Perfect Husband" And Adds 4 Tips To Members Of Her Own Sex By Rt'TH COWAN C HICAGO. Feb. 17 .,v--Thnce- marriecl Fanny Brier, tiirwty singe.- of Broadway'? famous torch-song, "My Man." :<w:i;i>.t. told of ten qualifications :'<•: 'he "Perfect husband." (And she threw ir, !.••.:: '",^ to her own sex on appr.n>ms this human paragon- !''•-* to make the subiect more complicated.) It was the attribute.- of ''"^ "perfect wife" a:s set to:-:;-, bv Mario Chamlee oi the Metropolitan Opera companj. prompted this tang-time stsr of the "Follies" to draw up this ten-piont specification: 1. He should be as comlonniR ns an old pair of slipper.--the clamour of new shoes for romancing, but the rase of old shoes for the fireside. 2. He should wear old-fashioned underwear. 3. He should STOW up as the woman grows older. 4. He should have the technique not to let the woman he loves find it out when he steps out—as all men will. 5. He should like children. 6. He should be interested in his wife's career or profession, for that "interest in work" business works two ways. 7. He should be n man a wo- mnn does not, always have to put on an act. for. 8. He should be enough interested in his wife's appearance to compliment her, for women need masculine praise or it is a case of "live alone and look (Turn to Page 11, Column 7, PlMM). It Gets Mighty Cold In South Dakota Section SPRINGFIELD. S. D.. Feb. IS. \fP) —A Bunrancsquc tide of South Dakota temperalurr. John Derocs, oil dealer of Perkins, west of here, said ihr chimney on a Karate froze shut while the fire was going; and had to be chopped open. He said steam from sreen cot- lomvood. used in the stovr. froze as it struck the outside air and after a few weeks the flue he- came sealed with ice. Rain Banishes Part Of Dust Central And Southwest Texas Get Respite From Silt But Much Of Panhandle-Plains Veiled By Drib Clouds 'Bv Th 11 Astociaird Prr.-M A drizzling rain in parts of central anci southeast Texas did its best late Thursday to dispel' a cloud of dust which continued to nverhanj: a large part of the state in varying degrees of density. The airway weather bureau at Dallas reported a lipht rain near Waco, where dusty conditions prevailed, and elsewhere in central Texas. At Houston the weather was cloudy and a drizzling rain fell all day. An intermittent rain feil at Galvesion. Clearing Weather Reported A light veil of dust, compared to recent storms, covered much of the Panhandle-Plains aren. although Lubbock reported the dust haze had completely disappeared. The weather was clearing at Abilene and west of Abilene. Dust continued to overhang Wichita Falls. Worst of the Panhandle dust was reported from the vicinity of Canadian and Childress. Braniff airways at Dallas reported flights to Amarillo and south to Houston were cancelled because of adverse weather. Flights north were as usual. Light mists at San Antonio aided slightly in laying the dust. The atmosphere cleared briefly at Dallas early in the day, but heavier to Page 11, Column 7, Please) Colorful West Texas Range Cook Dies Thursday Night STAMFORD. Feb. IS. :,?.—Rosscr L. Kenshalo, 74. most colorful of the early ciay chuc wa^on cooks of ihe Texas Plains, died tonight. Forty of Kenshalo's 45 years in West Texas were spent, in the service of the Swenson SMS ranch outfits. PORTUGAL HOLDS OUT LONDON, Feb. IS. T._p.rtu«ll | "tood out today aralnst the 2fi natloni who are ttririnr. t* isolate, the Spanish clril war with »» Ironclad ban o« men and munitions effective, at mid- nltht Saturda*. Spain'* closest neighbor remained adamant In refusing tn ce-operatfl full? with members of the nan-lnter- rentiftn committee, despite tlic pressure ot European power*, and forced th^* .wtiitmiinttt^C' "(Rrtjcn'tttff'n *'lp BCAL' with the. rorluxvetc problem t« rtetxt wlthntit definite action. surpents were fortifying the frontier facing France under supei -.-'."ion ot German engineers. Counter-Offeniire Is Led By Government Troops MADRID. Feb. 18. ifP>—The second day of furious, ceaseless figthin)? ravaged central Spain's Jarama valley today. General Jose Miaja, supreme government commander of the Madrid front, presonally led & counter-ol- fensive into the bitterly contested rift, which cuts a straight line from the main insurgent armies south ol Madrid to the Valencia highroad. Government life-line connecting the bcsieued capital with the temporary coastal seat of government. Madrid counted nineteen '-tilted and 73 injured m three night air raids. Tarancon. a few miles east of the Jarama sector, was also bombed by insurgent raiders. The government, press reported (Turn to Page 11, Column 1. Please) Seat Of Russell In House Okaved AUSTIN. Feb. IS. i.-pi—The house o[ representatives voted.tonight. 65 to SB. to permit John K. Russell of Cleburne to retain his seat in that body Russell's right to the seat had been challenged by former Representative E. E. Hunter of Cleburne, wlip alleged irregularities in the Democratic run-off primary last summer. Mrs. Alia. Mae Kent Freed Of Murder By Corsicana Jury CORSICANA, Feb. 18. i/Py—Mrs. Alia Mae Kent, 29. was freed today on a murder charge in the death of Noble iCurley) Hadaway, former Sulphur Springs musician. A district court jury found her innocent after deliberatinc: three hours Hadaway was fatally shot m hi.s room here April 15, 1936. Wea WEST TEXAS: Partly cloudy Friday and Saturday, slightly colder in north and west portions Friday and in south portion Saturday. NEW MEXICO: Fair Friday and Saturday; little change in temperature. I.OC.VI. WEATHER Rrniitte,! at Municipal Airport B.irumerrr »! m:dnii[h;, 29.TB. Tpir.pf i't '. :;r(* wmd \."lni-:!y »: midnight, S 2(1 mph. <"l".u', calling unhmuefl; v;^:filny i\.'.->*. Da:'s maximum temperature. 86 .Tf.i. I)., 1 ,-'* ni.iK:i',i;m •cmprr.t'.ur?. .18 f.fc A store full of comfort means a store full of customers. Let. Chrysler Airtemp Engineers a,r condition your place of business. Sherrod Bros., are your local Airtemp dealers.— Adv.
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