The Pittsburgh Press from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania on February 22, 1960 · Page 15
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The Pittsburgh Press from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania · Page 15

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Monday, February 22, 1960
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. .- - - t George Washington By Inez Robb AH my life I have been glad that I completed the first eight grades before the de-bunkers took over American history and American heroes. Perhaps I grew up "m the last age of Innocence, but to us in the old Lincoln School in Caldwell, Idaho, the founding fathers were more than life-size, worthy of honor, veneration and emulation. So when the de-bunkers took out after George Washingtonhe was their first target his image as a man noble, dedicated and immortal was loo fixed to be shaken by lesser men. Pendulums do not stand still, and it is a delight to read an appraisal of George Washington in the Feb. 20 issue of The Saturday Review" by Marshall Fishwick, professor of American Studies at Washington & Lee University. His conclusions are so apt for our times, o pointed in an election year, that I have asked permission, to quote from the article, titled, "The Man in the White Marble Toga." "Let the supersalesmen of Hie happiness cult in our times take note. The Father of Our Country did not have the quick smile and neat phrase which we are all urged to cultivate. He kept his distance, and few men exiled him George. "Washington was capable, aristocratic, commanding; he had the look of greatness. Great Service Imagine the vast relief of the motorists trapped on the Turnpike last Friday when snowplows finally got through to them. In their eyes, the weary men running the plows must have looked like angpls of mercy. Certain groups of persons have opportunities like this, to help their fellow beings in times of dire distress. Doctors and nurses have the opportunity almost constantly. Their ministrations can mean the difference between life and death, pain and ease, fear and peace of mind. Being able to see dozens or hundreds of lives they have saved, and thousands of cases of suffering they have relieved, must be a great satisfaction to them, If they ever have time to cons'ider it. I have thought about those opportunities of the medical profession many times. Then, the other day, a telephone call started me thinking that others have the same chance to serve suffering humanity, although their opportunities may not come as often. The call was from the wife of a Western Union lineman. She pointed out lhat her husband, and all utility linemen, suffer hardships and risk their lives to keep messages and electricity flowing through the wires during: blizzards, floods and fires. He lived at a time, and participated In events, which aroused the heroic. His incredible patience and tenacity personified the colonies' noble but difficult task. "Washington's aloofness preserves his reputation, but it also minimizes his warmblooded, human side. There was fire and venom and drama enough in the real Washington. "Think of Washington at New burgh in 1TS3 when fronted by the impetuous document of his officers who felt mistreated by the Continental Congress. 'Gentlemen, you will permit me to put on my spectacles, for I have not only grown gray, but almost blind in the service of my country.' he said. Not a man felt, after that simple statement, that he should complain. "In all these tales Washington epitomizes the traits of which young America was fondest: Virtue, idealism, and piety. His flaws seem pale when held up against this central proposition; he was willing to stake his life and his fortune on his high principles, to take up without question a task others could not perform. "Men In gray flannel suits may learn a lot from the story of the man In the white marble toga for It Is not by bend ing to every whim and request that w achieve real popularity, or by following: every popular cause tnat we hecome great "There are times to smile, and times to scowl: to confuse the occasions is an ad of cowardice. Washington lacked many of the attributes of some heads of -Chambers of Commerce and multi-echelon organizations. The one thing he never lacked, even when he was in error or defeat, was integrity. The Pittsburgh Press PAGE 15 MONDAY, FEBRUARY 22, 196(1 SECTION TWO 1 J 1 1 miTTiaY ki mi II tin tclu"T i li 2; 3 4i Sj 6. 7i 8 8,10-11 12,13' 8 17 18 19 20 . rj 21(22123 24 23.2627; 11 1 h a a 1 ' m 1 x. m mm n trapping ; The Tax Cheats U. S. Clipped For Billions By Gimmicks Something happen to many American nt this time of year. Impeccably honet throughout the rel of the 12 month, they suddenly linn to cheating, I heir victim i the I '. S. goreri '. Thig i the first in a eric telling of . my and fanciful irnys in m7iiVi tax payer try . . gyp the government in filing their Federal inmate lax report. By L. M. BLRMt.RF It's that time of year again when multitudes of Americans suddenly become fiction writers. Thev deal not in words, but, in fifnires Their By Gilbert Love manuscript is not a best or worst-soiling novel, but a pampniet mai nas an annual circulation or about 65 million copies an income-tax form. What they do with Form 1010. IOWA nr 1040W is an exorcise in invrnthrnrss, imagination and figure juggling " That isn't as direct as a doctor's services, but it makes possible emergency messages and keeps many homes light and warm and functioning. Any lineman, or anyone else who keeps a utility going, can be almost certain that he has saved lives and pre vented much suffering. In snowstorms like the last fwo Pitts burgh has had, operators who keep tro. leys, buses and taxis running are real benefactors of mankind. The same sort of Joy and relief greets the operator of a tow truck when he reaches an auto broken down in some remote area. Ditto for the plumber who gets to a house before it is ruined by a burst water pipe . . or a furnace man who arrives before the house plants freeze. Police and firemen have frequent chances to help people in great trouble. So do clergymen and social workers. Dentists and druggists know they relieve vast amounts of discomfort, although they may cause some in the process. Judges and lawyers cause some heartaches but relieve more. Mothers, and to some extent fathers and teachers, can and do perform great personal services for the young. Fact Is, I'm beginning to think that almost everybody in the course of his normal life or otherwise will have an occasional chance to perform some outstanding service for another person. This is, of course, one of the things that makes life seem very worth-while. That Statue Story By w Koterba Every Washington's Birthday, the late, great Fred Othman would take a vacation from his daily columning chores and dig out an old story from his files about George Washington's statue. Freddy's only assignment that day was to descend to the cold, gloomy catacombs of the Smithsonian Institution, where George had been tucked away long before, to make sure he was still hidden there. If he was, Fred reprinted his annual story. The statue, which cost this Government $40,000 about a century ago, was hidden for a good reason. It's a goose-pimply monstrosity showing George with nothing but draping his midriff. It would please Fred to know that after his many years . of ca joling, the Smithsonian finally gave in and moved old George upstairs He doesn't look so goose-pimply any more. They now have a warm spotlight on him. Election years give Washington's political jockeys the shakes. They don't know which darkhorse to stake their future on A case in point is the sudden popularity of Rep. Charles A. Halleck, Indiana Repub lican. The Indiana State Society of Washington selected Charley, the only "avowed" vice presidential candidate, as the Mr. Othman a towel "Hoosier of lORO," and decided to hold a little presentation party on March 10. But when word got out it seemed that every Republican politician wanted to be seen paying homage to the possible next vice president so the society had to rent the largest ballroom in Washington, at the Sheraton Park Hotel. All 1S00 tickets were sold out at $10 a head even before it was known that Hoagy Carmichael and Herb Shriner, two other Hoosiers, would be on hand. The next President of the United States will face an eerie curse that for more than a century has hung over every chief executive elected in a year ending with zero. Every 20 years, since 1810, all of tbeni there were six died In office. In 1840, it was William II. Harrison; 18R0 Abraham Lincoln; 1880 James A. Garfield; 1900-;WiIliam McKuilcy: 1020 Warren G. Harding: 1040 Franklin D. Roosevelt I960? Let's hope the jinx is broken. An odd coincidence came to light after a note appeared here pointing out that our two U. S. senators from Virginia were both natives of another state West Virginia. The senators Absalom Willis Robertson and Harry Flood Byrd, both Democrats as it turns out. are natives of the same town, Martinsburg, W. Va. Not only that, but they came into the world in the same year. Senator Robertson was born May 2 two weeks later. 1SS7, and Senator Byrd Music's Ailments By Miaber3 To look at the men and women who blow, bang and scrape things in the Pittsburgh Symphony Orchestra, you wouldn't think they were a particularly broken down lot but by rights they should be. Who says so? A magazine called Scope Weekly says so. Scope V eekly is published by doctors for doctors ana, according to several specialists as far apart as Manhattan and Capetown, musicians are suscept-tible to a large variety of complaints, including: Spasms of the tongue and larynx muscles, Ohm-fat ty pads on the Jaw, drums tick dermatitis, flute players' eczema, wobbling fingernails and bull fiddle hand. By all accounts, wind players seem to have the worst of it. Not only do they get tongue spasms and knotted larynxes, but the mouthpieces wear down their front Ueth. Flute players have trouble blowing into t crocuswood mouthpiece, because it sometimes irritates their lips and causes scaly patches. To add to their troubles, the magazine ays, something In the constant blowing causes wind players to get many more eolda than other people. They are also m subject to extra saliva in the mouth through various forms of nervousness. String players suffer callouses on their fingers and a great many other complaints caused by the allergic effects of the varnish on their instruments and the rosin on their hows. Both violinists and pianists suffer from "excessive sweating and friction." which also can cause eczema. They can get muscle cramp right up to the shoulder and all that hanging about in loud concertos can loosen a pianist's fingernails The double bass player has a complaint all his own, known as hull-fiddle hand. This is more frequent among jam musicians who are constantly exhorted to "slap that bass." You wouldn't think a drummer would have much trouble, being as he is at the right end of the drumstick. But the coco-bolo wood of which many drumsticks" are made can bring acute dermatitis. Because of the way he holds his hands, any drummer you see is likely to have "chronic tenosynovitis of the long extensor." And drummers who practice long drumrolls have frequently ruptured tendons in their hands. Even conductors are not safe. Says Scope Weekly: "These gentlemen may have a mild spasm of the shoulder and right -arm muscles because of their prolonged and often vigorous exercise on the podium." So don't shoot the conductor. He may have bursitis. thai staggers belief and cheats I'nele Sam out of several billions of dollars In Income taxes each year. From their fertile imagina tions, they: Create "dependents" so they can claim an extra $600 exemption for each. Perform fiscal sleight-of- hand and make dividends, interest and outside income "disappear" so that it doesn't show as income. Build "water purification experiments" which turn out to be something else again. Write off as business ex penses the cost of customer entertainment which, in its sum total, would make the cost of a Hollywood extravaganza seem like a nickelodeon show. Pittsburgh tar collector still recall the case of the Lonely Taxpayer who got religion. His case cropped up v hen he came to the IRS office here and confessed that he had invented a wife and charged her ofj as a dependent when a non-existent child was born. His returns were corrected and he paid the ad ditional tax. But the sequel came a couple of years later when an insurance adjustor showed up at the IRS office after the taxpayer had died. He was trying to locate the taxpayer's "wife," listed as his beneficiary in a me insurance policy. The tax men assured him the tar-payer had never married and had no children but merely made them up to give him self a family These and innumerable other gimmicks are stealing Uncle Sam blind. So serious is the situation that President Eisenhower served warning, in his recent budget message to Congress, that he wants to sic elec tronic cops on the income- lax robbers. How 'Cops' Work These "cops' would be electronic computers that would put the eye on every tax return and flag down chiselers. Cheats would be nailed by feeding the computers standard figures on approximately how much a taxpayer in a certain bracket should claim in exemptions, deductions, etc. If the taxpayer's figures wouldn't jibe, he'd be in trouble, t Some vea ago, the In tcrnal Revenue Service worked out a system of standard deductions. One big purpose was lo eliminate petty chiseling. It has worked fairly welL Some "0 per cent of all Ameri can taxpayers use the standard deduction. For these, the temptation to invent deductions is automatically removed. Among the other taxpay er"; who don't use the standard deduction, there is some petty chiseling. Rut even for them, there is not much they can fake. Since their regular salary is covered by withholding, there is nothing they can rlo about that. The biggest temptation for the ordinary taxpaver ' who doesn't take the standard deduction Is lo add a dependent by inventing one (which is a fraud) or by listing a real person lo whom he does not provide major support (one of the criteria for claiming a dependent). The law says that a person can he a full dependent of just one taxpayer. Not long ago, revenue agents came across a case which, while not necessarily typical, is an example of how the law is observed in the breach. 'We All Claim Her' The agents routinely questioned a taxpayer who had listed his mother as a dependent. Did the taxpayer furnish the full support: of his mother? "Oh, no," he replied. "My 11 brothers nnd sisters help me support her so we all claim her." There's the other side of the coin. . .-1040 1 U. S. INDIVIDUAL INCOME TAX RETURN-1959 j j lrr-l-:: '..'.-. mm,?jr "-I I 'Hiii. . .. . .... C TI.llMMMnlMlM.MiMKl ft I" W m ,tt, ' Wp ,1 ' mT"'"n 'mm.m HiiInu k-W , cw.4 ww 7kx''f ....nw nw m !!i vvx 511 Mm J-i utH S .'- ... ' , .i, Vlry It."-"; I"-"?' Vu f ATI ' ' - V : f:zr'z:':. V.;M.i-Miy rh li j '! X ('"" I im L -(.. .imI i I ft ' I V.i..l.w..i.m,.l I III Lf' 'i , i I A- 'I I " """If J ' ""iin .!. 3) t ..I, ''.' b7'-.-' L m ' rJ , - t i A'Mfi', Vitzr- M f M VTN i m i'!,. it? inn hi..i- , , '4 'Wl"- th ii.i.a' t v'V!7t M W--mi. ' - YV f I I -1 ft. :t..i J y'jTO J j' ifjilr' lw f mm wtuw mitt no iwm mm Wm mm ii 'inv.'i'.pl",im .'ij J " ' " ' " ' ' ""'" ' "" Last year, an obviously aged man walked into a district tax offiee and aked if lie could get some information. "How old are you sir?" an acent asked. "Eighty-four." replied the aged man, "Then." said the agent, trying to be helpful, 'you are entitled to two exemptions because you are over 65 . . ." "Oh," the old gentle man interrupted, "I'm not here for myself. I'm here to get tax Information for my mother. She's 103." Some taxpayers have buna fide exemptions they'd prefer to do without. The Internal Revenue Service received an income-tax return from one taxpayer who attached a note pointing out that he was claiming his mother in law as an exemption fur the first tunc. Prefers $f20 To "Please note new exemption," the note read "If you ran arrange her' removal from my home, I'll gladly pay the additional $120 tax." Besides listing nonexistent dependents, one common way for the smalltime taxpayer to chisel is to fail to list as Ineonie the $25 or $."!0 a year lie may he receiving as interest on his savings amount That mav seem like a trifling amount, hut I'ncle Sam figmes that some $5 billion dollars of interest and dividends goes unreported each year, costing the Treasury around $"'i(K) million in taxes. Anions the 20 per cent of average taxpavers who don't use thp standard deduction, there are those who chisel a bit by not reporting small amounts of money earned on the side from weekend or spare time jobs. All of the taxpayer try. ing to take advantage of Uncle. Sam don't Ine tn New York or Hollywood. Quite, a few reside, in the. Pittsburgh district. Ifn the fiscal year ending June 30. l!)59, the audit division of the Internal Revenue Service hrie checked. W,M3 return that, resulted in the payment of $1(!,1,12.!2I in additional tare to Uncle Sam. I hi S3 nt thete cases, the IRS Intelligence Division recommended prosecution for fraud and ?5 of these taxpayer were found guilty. Only three were acquitted. The other case are still pending !r-,vriehi isf.n, hT t'nltol FMtnr Syri-l'-ntf c i .NEXT Expense account gimmicks mostly illegal. Day-Night Wisconsin Campaign III. S. To Put Men Humphrey Stages Uphill Battle n Missiles Soon address to another district long, hut there is no doubling v A S II IN'GTO.V Feb 2'' convention of his supporters, his honoMy or earnestness as;(i;pj The Federal Space By CHARLIE MTEY Scripps How ard Staff Writer MILW ALKLL, rch. nP had a quick dinner and he belts out answers on the i Agency has awarded contracts Sen. Hubert Humphrey today. ninv hv bus to Klkhorn. 50 dav's Issues. That he has im-i locking toward sending Mer- waced a hard-drlvinc cam- miles awav. for still another'mmisn knnulvi" f rmm-n. ' rnr' tn Wiernnsin. not lust HlimpMITy tally. He was na K paign as a presidential candidate but' as an apostle preaching the, gospel of Franklin Roosevelt.; Harry Truman and Hubert! Humphrey. j Irrepressible Is the word for this Minnesota stem-wind er now battling Sen. John F. Kennedy, Massachusetts Pom-j ocrat. for this state's 11 delegates at the Los Angeles Peni ; ocratic convention. He's rated: thp underdog but he would, rather campaign than eat, and he has vat confidence. He: must show well here in the April 5 voting to cut any real figure at Los Angeles. Senator Humphrey's weekend schedule was close to back-breaking. He flew Into Madison Friday night for a district convention of his supporters. This ended at midnight and bp drnvp to .Milwaukee. He slept three hours and was up at 5 a. m. to show up at a factory gate to greet workers, at 8 a. m. He addressed a breakfast meeting of Milwaukee Negro leaders. Then came several hours' in Milwaukee .at midnight men! govern and legislative issues if He was up early Sunday' for questioned astronauts on ballistic j missle rides from Cape Canav eral, Fla., this year. ! A series of Rvdstone missile church, and for meetings with i senator Humpmey is at. one ia"i' oms M.-uung in nun-union leaders and others be-'disadvantago to Jack Kennedy vpar wiH f,'hfrk 0,11 Mer-fore setting out through a whf,n he st(ips jnt0 a , J firs !,h 'yj11' i mi iuih'iiii amirtjii, iicn wiiii a Senator Kennedy's publicized : chimpanzee, and finally with family and personal glamor human pilots. tion and one or two other nave marie mm laminar at' in a iisr or iNMemner con r-roiirK hefnre headint? back to'sicht to almost evervone. Pco-! tract awards announced yes- snowstorm for Slienoygan. ana fireen Bay. He squeezed in an address to a college convoca-; : Washington today. pj0 rornP 0 Pisniav is no part of sen- Humphrey ha i alor Humphrey. When lie .People. , showed up for the hoM j meeting with Negro leaders to find no one had reserved a mom. he and his forces calmly took over the hotel coffee shop. At his street corner and shopping center handshake marathons, where lack of good advance work made liis persona! chores more difficult, he went ahead and made the best of It. You don'f often sep presidential candidates passing out their own campaign badges but Senator Humphrey is neither fared nor demeaned by it. The Minnesota senator is a skilled campaigner. The old image of him as half-man-half- urn to Senator go after One of his best week-end pilches came at a suer-market whpre free cans of clierries were, being given to all comers. Senator Humphrey lost no time planting himself on that spol. That made i( a double hill the cherries and Humphrey with the senator getting in a handshake and his own commercial. terday by the National Aeronautics A Spare Administration (NxsA). the biggest was $33,600,000 to the Mc: Donnell Aircraft Corn, of St, Louis, maker of the capsule which will carry the first American into space. McDonnell previously had been awarded 16 million dollars. The additional money will pay for design changes in I he elaborately equipped and instrumented capsules and for additional capsules. The second biggest contract award was 13 million dollars to This was supposedly Ken-! the Air Force as part of a 43 nedy territory but as long as million dollar contract with time and the cherries held out, Convair Astronautics for work Senator Humphrey appeared to' on the Centaur hydrogen-be picking up votes. ; fueled second stage rocket. SIDE GLANCES By Galbraith hart.chkin t hi MikvauWoAiwlfldmill i unfair. He is a supermarket, followed bv an:P"s man with the language, .and some speeches still run too OFF THE RECORD By Ed Reed "Junior's snow-man is melting -don't just Junior s snow-man is melting -don i sit there! do something!" Sketches Fy BEN Bl RKOl T.HS First Greet President He was our first great President . . . this man of strength and trust . . . though he was stern, history relates . . . that he wa also just ... the heritage he gave to use ... is our most priceless treasure . . . the value of this precious gift . . . we. cannot begin to measure ... for it was born of sweat and blood . . . crossing the Delaware . , the suffering at Valley Forge ... a man vvho knelt in prayer ... a General called Washington . . . with faith and courage true . . . fighting 'neath a banner ... of red and white and blue . . . so through the years we honor him ..- I knew we always will ... he was our first great President . . . General George Washington . , . man of unbounded skill. m AMk ,T I ld w. 1 "Getting out monthly bills isn't duli if you think of ol the family fights those figures represent!"

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