St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on November 20, 1988 · Page 1
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 1

St. Louis, Missouri
Issue Date:
Sunday, November 20, 1988
Page 1
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On Today's Editorial Page One Brief Shining Moment Editorial Lambert May Need Help From Scott Editorial T.LOU! H FINAL Vol. 110, No. 325 SUNDAY, NOVEMBER 20, 1988 510 Pages (s) Copyright 1988 1.9 ft Tax onft Wxsftad& POST DISPATC A SlW3g Compiled From News Services WASHINGTON - Rejecting the plans by both major presidential candidates as unworkable, the General Accounting Office said Saturday that tax increases and cuts in defense and Social Security must be considered to cut a federal budget deficit that threatens the nation's economic future. "Additional revenues are probably an unavoidable part of any realistic strategy for reducing the deficit," the congressional agency said in reports to President-elect George Bush and leaders of the House and Senate. Comptroller General Charles A. Bowsher, director of the GAO, said a workable solution could be developed only through cooperation between Congress and the new president, with Bush personally involved in the negotiations. The GAO, which uses hundreds of experts in every field to oversee the federal bureaucracy on behalf oi Congress, made no recommendations on which taxes should be raised or which programs should be cut. But the report cited estimates that $30 billion could be raised annually with slight increases in personal income-tax rates and that a 5 percent national sales tax on most commodities except food, housing and medical care would yield $67 billion a year. It said a consumption tax, such as a 5 percent value-added tax, could bring in nearly $117 billion annually. It said $11 billion a year could be raised by boosting excise taxes on gasoline and diesel fuel by 12 cents a gallon. The current federal tax is 9.1 cents a gallon on gasoline and 15.1 cents a gallon on diesel fuel. "All participants must consider all parts of the budget to be negotiable, including defense, entitlements (such as Social Security and Medicare) and revenues," the agency said. "The budget problem must be solved for the new administration to have any flexibility to pursue its own policy agenda, for the economy to regain its vigor and for the American people to enjoy a long-term standard of living comparable to the rest of the developed world," Bowsher wrote. But the GAO said it saw no "quick or painless solutions" to the deficit, which stood at $150 billion in the budget year that ended Sept. 30. It specifically rejected four approaches that have been proposed: "We cannot 'grow' our way out of the problem," an approach favored by some in President Ronald Reagan's administration and reiterated last week in a report by the conservative Heritage Foundation. "Public demand for government services to solve problems ranging from drug abuse, AIDS, education and home-lessness to drought and forest fires grows as fast as revenues," said the GAO. "We cannot 'freeze' our way out of the problem." During his presidential campaign, Bush repeatedly rejected higher taxes and advocated a "flexible freeze" on spending. The GAO noted that the great bulk of the budget is in politically sensitive areas such as Social Security, farm price supports and defense, or in fixed interest costs. "We cannot reach out and effortlessly gather in some magic pool of See GAO, Page 30 YEARS AF?EBv Story by Jon Sawyer Photos by Wes Paz Of the Post-Dispatch Staff FIRST OF SIX PARTS HAVANA Along the colonial seawall that Cubans call the Malecon, the people of Havana play their parts in the endless war. Antonio Maceb Plaza, one of hundreds of sites in the city where 400,000 militia men and women train twice each month, has the look of a county fair this brilliant Sunday morning. Model airplanes dangle from T-bars, targets for marksmen shooting air rifles. Militiamen across the plaza toss shuri-kens, Ninja-style sheet-metal stars, at a crudely painted caricature of Uncle Sam. ' , "Aba jo Tio Sam," the legend reads: Down with Uncle Sam. A 4-year-old boy comes racing up on a tricycle. Making a gun with his fingers, he sprays the horizon with imaginary bullets. "The Yankees are there!" he shouts. "The Yankees are there!" "Ruslan," his father admonishes him, smiling as he taps the knee of an American journalist sharing the park bench with him, "The Yankees are here." And so the Yankees are, and have been, always and forever. Jan. 1 marks 30 years since Fidel Castro Ruiz declared victory in his battle against dictator Fulgencio Batista, 30 years since he proclaimed the first "free territory" in the Western Hemisphere. He's been America's nightmare ever since. From the missile crisis of 1962 to the ;' Mariel boatlift of 1980, from the Bay of Pigs to Grenada, from Angola to Nicaragua, the United States and Cuba have 'been in constant and sometimes deadly T struggle. . A three-month examination of U.S.-. - Cuba relations by the Post-Dispatch, in- eluding two weeks of interviews in Cuba, found ample evidence of the continuing conflict but also seeds for a new, more stable relationship. From Cuba, significant changes in human rights, foreign policy and other areas of disagreement. From the United States, a new pragmatic view that Cuba is too important to treat by quarantine. Cuba's flagging economy provides an opening for ies with the United States, Thaw Possible In Cuban Relations Significant Change Made By Castro " - UK"' - 1 x 7 1 "v-V .- - h - v. ' X .' I s m. if - A K , V L ' J rr 7 1 : - I v S i 1 V 1 'it' k tit 1 1 .5 Students at the Escuela Nacional Juan Triana, a of the flag and the pledging of allegiance to the primary school in Havana, Cuba, during the raising revolution, a daily ceremony. the inquiry found. So does its desire not Cuba's notion of "free territory" still a CUBA, U.S. long at odds Page 10A to be left behind, as the Soviet Union falls short of "free society." Yet on both pupils studvinn Enalish Puna 11 A ments with democracy. . See CUBA, Page 10 IMAGES OF CUBA. Photos Page 1F Confession May Overturn Life Sentence s By Terry Ganey Post-Dispatch Jefferson City Bureau Chief AURORA, Mo. Chris Allen Brownfield, a career criminal serving a life term at the Kansas Penitentiary in Lansing, sat down earlier this month and retold a story that could mean a death sentence for him and freedom for another man. Brownfield, 32, confessed to taking part in the robbery and murder of Pauline Martz, 79, in Aurora, Mo., two years ago. He has retold the story several times since last summer to law enforcement officials, to reporters and in writing to Missouri Gov. John Ashcroft in the hope of freeing a man he has never met. The man is Johnny Lee Wilson, 23 and mildly retarded. Wilson was sentenced last year to a life term in the Missouri Penitentiary for the murder of Martz. Brownfield, who is serving time for his role in a separate killing, said he was prepared to face the possibility of Missouri's death penalty, if that was what it took to reverse Wilson's conviction. "They can't do nothing to me now to shut me up about it," Brownfield said. "I don't care what they do. They can give me the death penalty, but I ain't shutting up about it." Brownfield's detailed account of how he and another man robbed Martz in her home and then set it afire has stunned this town in southwestern Missouri as much as the original crime did on April 13, 1986. Authorities in Lawrence County say they are investigating Brownfield's confession. More than 3,000 signatures have been collected on petitions calling for a grand See MURDER, Page 14 Charges Expected In Defense Fraud By Robert L. Koenig Post-Dispatch Washington Bureau WASHINGTON A former consultant for the Hazel-tine division of Emerson Electric Co. expects to be charged soon in the federal investigation into Pentagon contracting abuses, his attorney says. The consultant, William L. Parkin, was the first suspect whose telephone was tapped by the FBI as part of the two-year defense-fraud inquiry. Sources said he could be among the first to be indicted by the federal grand jury that is hearing the evidence. Parkin's attorney, Gerard F. Treanor Jr., said he and Parkin recently broke off negotiations with federal attorneys regarding the possibility of a plea-bargaining arrangement in exchange for Parkin's cooperation and testimony. "We've had discussions with the government concerning the disposition of charges" against Parkin, Treanor said. "Those discussions have been unfruitful." Parkin "anticipates that the government will charge him," Treanor said. "But we still hold out some hope that it will not." Parkin has denied any wrongdoing. A federal grand jury in Alexandria, Va., is considering evidence in the nationwide investigation into allegations of bribery and fraud in Pentagon contracting. The panel met last week without issuing any indictments. It is expected to meet again at the end of this month or in early December. , ' . The grand jury was impaneled in mid-June, a few days after the defense inquiry surfaced. At the time, FBI agents executed search warrants at the offices of numer- See FRAUD, Page 12 Deaths From Pneumonia Are Increasing In Chicago By Robert Manor Of the Post-Dispatch Staff 1988, St. Louis Post-Dispatch The number of deaths by pneumonia among men in Chicago has risen dramatically in the 1980s, statistics obtained by the Post-Dispatch show. Health authorities say they can point to no specific cause, but they theorize that the increase may be related to homelessness and the spread of AIDS. Among some age groups of Chicago men, pneumonia deaths are up 78 percent from 1980 through last year, the Illinois Department of Public Health said. Total pneumonia deaths for the city have risen to 1,053 in 1986 from 749 in 1982; last year, the number dipped slightly to 981. The phenomenon apparently has had little effect on women under 65 years of age, the Illinois Health Department said. Nor do pneumonia deaths appear to be on the rise among men living in Illinois outside of Chicago. No significant increase in pneumonia deaths has been detected, in St. Louis or the rest of Missouri. The Post-Dispatch sought figures from Illinois and Missouri health authorities after the federal Centers for Disease Control in Atlanta reported an increase in pneumonia deaths in New York City. Pneumonia has been a fairly common cause of death for the elderly, but it is rarely fatal for younger peo- See ILLNESS, Page 11 Town Getting Large Grants For Taking Nuclear Dump By Safir Ahmed Of the Post-Dispatch Staff MARTINSVILLE, 111. Barbara Kannmacher, the librarian who manages the modest, one-room township library in this small town of 1,300 people, is elated about the new acquisition in her office: the Xerox 6015 Me-morywriter that replaced an antiquated Royal manual typewriter. ' The same folks who brought that marvel of modern science into Kannmacher's office may also bring her impoverished town a low-level radioactive waste dump. Martinsville is the only community in the state that wants what no one else wants: 200,000 cubic feet a year of radioactive "warm garbage," mainly from the state's 13 nuclear reactors. In return, the town has been rewarded rather handsomely. Besides Kannmacher's hightech typewriter, the American Legion Hall got a new sidewalk, the school district got $50,000, and various amounts of money have been spread around the city from $350,000 in grants received through the Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety. "The Illinois Department of Nuclear Safety and Westinghouse have bought themselves a town," See WASTES, Page 13 Carter Confirms Offer To Mediate With Iran Compiled From News Services ATLANTA Former President Jimmy Carter confirmed Saturday that he had written to Iranian leader Ayatollah Ruhollah Khomeini an old nemesis offering to mediate in the release of 10 American hostages in Lebanon. In Carter's last year in office, in 1980, radical students loyal to Khomeini were holding 52 Americans hostage after seizing them on Nov. 4, 1979. The hostages were held captive until Jan. 21, 1981, the day Ronald Reagan succeeded Carter as president Earlier Saturday, Tehran Radio reported that Khomeini had already responded to Carter's letter by describing relations between Iran and the United States as "that between a RABHAN WAS INDICTED in bond sale for nursing home Page 6A sheep and wolf and by ruling out any reconciliation. , Later Saturday, in a statement issued in Atlanta, Carter confirmed that he had written the letter, dated Oct. 30. His statement said without elaboration that he was responding to an initiative from Iran. -. "My hope is that in the name of justice and humanity, Iran will use its influence to encourage the release of all American hostages by working through normal channels," his statement read. The former president said his aim in writing was to get the release of a See CARTER, Page C 4 WEATHER Cold and Wet Forecast for St. Louis: Today: Rain ending by mid-afternoon with some clearing. North winds 15-25 mph. High 38. Clear tonight with a low of 26. Monday: Mostly sunny and a little warmer. High of 44. Other Weather on Page 2A Nuclear. cms- i POST-DISPATCH WEATHERB'RO Ufa u ft pat vrr INSIDE WORLD NATION Automotive 43G Books 5F Business 1-BE Classified 2-68G Commentary 3B Editorials 2B Everyday 1-1 6F Movies 9F MusicThe Arts 4F Obituaries 15C Real Estate 1G Reviews 2C St Louis 1-1 6C Sports 1-1 8D Tension Mounts In Yugoslavia Hundreds of thousands of Serbs rally in Belgrade for greater control of the province of Kosovo, and 100,000 ethnic Albanians rally in Kosovo in response. PAGE 3A LOCAL McNary Pushing New Tax A jail, an airport and $300 million in road work are among benefits St. Louis County Executive Gene McNary says could come from a new sales tax. PAGE JC 1 ' 'ft k I J r' A. JFK Recalled Tuesday marks the 25th anniversary of the death of President John F. Kennedy. The four days of November 1963 that shocked the nation are recalled. PAGES 1,4,5,7,8B r - ah,f a National Hockey League Nebraska 7 Oklahoma 3 Vancouver 3 Blues 2 Colorado 56 Kansas St. 14 NY Islanders 6 Pittsburgh 3 Oklahoma St. 49 Iowa St. 28 Calgary 5 Hartford 2 Indiana 52 Purdue 7 Quebec 6 Philadelphia 5 Michigan 34 Ohio St. 31 Montreal 5 Chicago 3 Michigan St. 36.... Wisconsin 0 Washington 3 New Jersey 2 Notre Dame 21 Penn St. 3 NY Rangers 4 Minnesota 1 USC31 UCLA 22 Edmonton 9 Toronto 1 W. Virginia 31 Syracuse 9 College Basketball Clemson 29 S. Carolina 10 Duke 80 Kentuckty 55 Houston 30 Texas Tech 29 Washington U. 67..DePauw61 Wash. St. 32 ....Washington 31 S. Indiana 74 SlU-Edw. 60 N. Iowa 24 S. Illinois 21 College Football Boston Coll. 38 Army 24 Missouri 55 Kansas 17 Cornell 19 Penn 6 Illinois 14 Northwestern 9 Details in SportsSection D

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