St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on May 3, 1942 · Page 1
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 1

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Sunday, May 3, 1942
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nN TODAY'S EDITORIAL PAGE China' lew Stand?: Editorial., Progress on the Domestic War Program: Editorial Peace. It Wtfuld Be Wonderful!: crtoon. Vol. 94. No 240. (64th Year) . DEMOCRATIC CHIEF FOR CLEANING OUT ALL ST. L City , Chairman George Murphy Says Criticism of 19 Legislators Makes Necessary New Material on Ticket. CALLS COMMITTEE MEETING WEDNESDAY Suggests Business and Professional Men in Party Be Consulted Takes No Stand on Four State Senators. Chairman George M. Murphy of I the Democratic City Committee an-'Wnced last night that he, would oppose renummauun ui auv me 19 St Louis members of tne lower House in the last Legislature and called a meeting of the committee, it Hotel Jefferson Wednesday night, to consider the question of legislative candidates in -the primary Aug. 4. All the St. Louis members of the last House were Democrats, as 'were the six St. Ltuis State Sena- on, four of whose terms expire this year. , Murphy said, however, that he was taking no position as to senatorial candidates. "Pe criticism I have heard Is seat-It all of members of the House, he said. "I have come to the opinion that for the good of the patty the House ticket should he new material, and I am coine ask the committee to take up tfie question of getting the best possible candidates. I am not O VA V JUL IClWXlg L11CU1 (hat ' I think and what I have heard from many sources." ' ... June Filing Deadline. . Murphy said he would suggest ...... m vvtuuiju.ee euuuiu cau into consultation a group of Democrat-Y business and professional men, im me idea of developing a pos-lible slate for the committee's support. "I have no candidate to nut tjitorward," he said, "not even in my :wn district, the Second." Early Ktion will be necessary, as June 5 ll the last Haw fnr tVio ;i;n rsf candidacies. Murphy said he was Tint in formed as to the intention of any 'f the 19 members as to running r re-eiection. "None of them has tGnmmrsil h; I-..: i II have heard," he said. X One Says He Is Candidate. l A Post-Dispatch reporter, can- raing some of the House mem-frf by telephone, found only one Iiio iefinitelv said h wnnid r. n yandidate. This was Max M. Li- lawyer, living at 1145A Au-avenue and representing the fourth District He said he had yE0 Comment in v,l, rn,; ma. rvc uu vyiiaiiuiixu wrpny's announcement. mt, " ..iuv"vu, tin j ci , ja. T"" irSZ JJlStriCt !)M Via nrnilM s(poirun again, but that his deci- -v.ruu as reached on financial Jpounds, and that Murphy had jotting to do witl. it I Anton Niemeyer, real estate deal- p. of the Second District, said he Uelly Roll) Hogan and r" members could not be cnea last night. Va.7, a Justice of the Peace r- lormerly marriage license was elected chairman of the C; wamlttee March 18, follow-the resignation of Robert E. KTsan. Murphy was chosen I- nck J- Burke Jr. Ei. ""v.iatic cnairman s ac-n follows the publication of edi- na new articles In the r:uispatch, calling public at a -"a 10 the record of the St. XT Members of the Legislature, Ditt.n. . J lui iu iuv CltmPt to Rtonl th- ..TOnWn F0' the defeated Democratic nomi- lc. Lav... -. . - . , En, uBiaiis oi meir legis- .J,ei .recrds, In the main dis- f 'we, were published In article April 19. IV. ' meeting held by the John l,8111! ReDuhli fiuI,:KvPriI 22- Mayr Becker and Publican City Chairman Fred rfettoi .? pledSei their efforts to ,. .""a the lelectintl nf a iicrH la nominess for the 5?J" City RepubUcan Here, wtorn. -oyer, Kansas uuy lu.i.. ' ana chairman of the fZrn County Republican Com- F0BfI!'-Wa3 in st- Louis yesterday wr, o "i.u xvcpuuiican leau- . ine move for a better a Oi lrv1BiAA .. .- saiauve nominauoDB 14 ue wnnii AAitfa. witti l"n Evers and National 1 MEN NMISSOURIHOUSE """Hied on Page 13, Column 3. I Soldier Killed in Airliner Crash ; Was Coming Here to Be Married :-V-:--:tr:-v.v.w..''. ...... . . : '..V v : MISS ilLrCS AT. JlfcKEiVJM and" PVT. ROBERT P. BARRETT, . This picture was taken shortly before he was inducted into the Army last June. Piled up on a hillside near Salt Lake the airliner that crashed Friday night. killed. MILLION IN JEWELS FOUND ON AIRLINER BY BEACHCOMBER PERTH, Australia, May 2 (AP). The air journey of nearly one million dollars worth of diamonds from Java, interrupted when the Japanese shot down a Dutch airliner over Northern Australia, has been completed thanks to a beach comber who - wanted to join the army. The packet of gems was aboard one of the last planes to leave Java early in March. Japanese fighters attacked the craft north of Broome, killing nine passengers, including woman and her child, but the pilot managed a crash landing on beach. A search for the diamonds failed and they were given up for lost until the beachcomber appeared at Broome with them stuffed in two large salt and pepper shakers. He related that he stumbled upon them white searching the wreckage for food during a 160- mile hike to Broome to join the armed services. The diamonds are now in the vaults of the Commonwealth Bank of Australia, to which they were consigned, and the beachcomber is in the army. ANOTHER WRECK IN FRANCE REPORTED; 40 NAZIS DEAD NEW YORK, May 2 (AP). Between 40 and 50 Germans have been killed in another train wreck in occupied . France, reliable reports reaching New York said to night German authorities immediately made sharp reprisals and arrested a larsre number of hostages, ac cording to these reports. The wreck, it was reported, occurred near Rouen, the' scene of a wreck only a week ago. 18 Days Without In City as Safety Drive Goes On Nearing the end of the third week of the police drive for traffic law enforcement Capt Fred H. Grabbe, traffic division head, called attention last night to the fact that no fatality .had resulted from a city automobile accident for 18 days. He expressed the hope that this condition of affairs would be prolonged. "It is also a cause of great satisfaction," Capt Grabbe said to A Post-Dispatch reporter, "that last Sunday, when the highways were filled with local and visiting motorists,, no, injury to any person was reported." But arrests have been plentiful, he continued. From the beginning of the enforcement drive, Sunday morning, April 12, up to 4 p. m. yesterday, 6415 drivers were arrested, 1196 of them on speeding charges. Of 92 arrests from 7 a. m. to 4 p. m. yesterday, CO bonds to y PART ONE. Associated Press Wlrr photo, Cify is the wreckage of Seventeen persons were Miss Alice McKenna Did Pvt. Had Not Know Fiance, Robert P. Barrett, Received Furlough Until She Was Told . of His Death. Pvt. Robert P. Barrett was fly ing to St. Louis on his first fur lough to marry his fiancee, Miss Alice McKenna, when he was killed the crash of a United Airlines plane near Salt Lake City Friday night, Miss McKenna told a Post-Dispatch reporter last night. "I didn't, even know he was on his way here until his brother-in- law telephoned this morning to tell me of , his death," she said. "In the last letter I received from him, on Friday, he said he was afraid he wouldn't get his furlough. Apparently he was planning to surprise me." Miss McKenna, the daughter of Detective Sergt. and Mrs. Leo A. McKenna, 1215 Amherst place, visited Pvt. Barrett at Fort Ord, Cal., about two months ago. "We intended to be married then," she said, "but we found that under California laws we had to wait five days after obtaining our license before we could be married, and X had to. come back to St. Louis before the five days were up. So we decided we'd be married as soon as be could get back to St. Louis." Pvt. Barrett, 23 years old, was the son of Mrs. Ewald Curran, 1401A Rowan avenue. Before his induction into the Army last June, he and Miss McKenna worked in the same department at Carter Continued on Page 8, Column S. an Auto Death were required and 42 summonses issued. , Violations which are continuing to cause many arrests, Capt. Grabbe said, are: Drivers approaching boulevard or major stops shift to second and proceed across without coming to the required full stop. Turns are . made without the proper hand signals. It is no justification for a driver to say he has looked in his mirror and seen no one behind him. There is a "blind spot" not covered by rear-vision mirrors. ' Drivers move into traffic without hand signals. , , Drivers fail to observe the rule against parking within 35 feet of an intersection. . This creates a hazard for pedestrians. These so-called minor violations, the traffic division head said, contribute largely to the number of accidents reported. POST-DISPATCH : iw.w. -.. ST. LOUIS, SUNDAY MORNING, MAY 3, 1942. 500.000 ARMS PRORT REFUND OFFEREDJQ II. S. Western Cartridge Co. of East Alton Makes Proposal ,on Earnings on Garand Rifle. WAITING FOR REPLY FROM GOVERNMENT Company Says Experience Cut Production Costs Below Engineering Estimates. ' . A refund of 51,500,000 of" profit earned in 1941 in the manufacture of Garand semi-automatic Army rifles has been offered to the Gov ernment by the Western Cartridge Co. of East Alton. 111., the Post- Dispatch learned yesterday. The company's Winchester Repeating Arms plant at New Haven, Conn., manufactured the rifles. Western Cartridge Co., which has home offices and ammunition plants at East Alton, . also oper ates the huee small- arms ammu nition plant in St Louis, through a subsidiary. United States Cartridge Co. ....... Executives of Western Cartridge were reluctant to discuss details of the offer to refund profits, pending formal acceptance by the Government They confirmed the fact that the offer has been made. ihe proposal was first pre sented to Government officials April 23 at a conference in Wash ington. "- Later, it was submitted in written form. une contract to which the pro posed refund applies was the first production . order placed by the Government for manufacture of the Garand rifle in a commercial plant. Only two bids were submitted for that contract that of the Winchester plant being the lower. In explanation , of . the refund, a spokesman for Western Cart ridge Co. pointed out that at the time the contract was awarded the Winchester plant had had no experience in ' the manufacture of this type of Army rifle. Un to that- time the Garand rifle had been .manufactured only in Gov ernment arsenals. The Winchester bid, therefore, was based on en gineering estimates of production costs. As production progressed and the Winchester organization gained experience in the manufacturing 'operations involved, it was possible to reduce production vuais wen oeiow tne original estimates, thus effecting a consid erable saving in the unit cost The company, the spokesman said, wishes to hand these savings back to the Government rather than retain them as additional profit . - . Company executives pointed out today that under War Department regulations they are not veimitted to discuss any details of the con tract, such as total production rate of production or total com pensation involved. They pointed 1. XI A 11 . . 1 uui mai iue savings to be re funded are applicable to only one year's production under one con tract rresumaDiy, nowever, compar- aDie Denents will be passed on to the Government on other orders if production costs remain at pres ent levels. Rain, Cooler THE TEMPERATURES. 12 noon '78 7 p. tt , 77 1 p. m. 80 8 p. m. 77 2 p. m. 82 9 p. m. 78 3 p. m. 79 10 p. m. 78 4 p. m. j - 77 11 p. m. ' 77 5 p. m. 74 12 midnight 7S 6 p. m. 75 Indicates street readin Normal maximum this date, 72; normal minimum, 54. ' Yesterday's high, 82 (2 p. m.); low, 63 (6:30 a, m.). Official fore- cast for St Louis and vicinity: Moderate to heavy rain and Shut out did thund erstormg ending this morning, cooler today. Missouri: Moderate to heavy rain and thunderstorms ending this morning,, cooler today. Illinois: Not much change in temperature with showers and thunderstorms today, fresh to occasionally strong winds. post-oispatch WEATHERBIRD mmm u- MT. err Stage of the Mississippi at St Louis, 10.2 feet, no change; the Missouri at St Charles, 15.8 feet, a rise of 0.3. s (All weather data, including forecast and temperatures, except temperatures after 9 p. m., supplied by U. 8. Weather Bureau.) Pollen count, tt hours to a. m., yester- aay: umn, uo; tree i Heaven, 44) Hickory, 16. BRITISH AREA: INDIA CONGRESS PEOPLE PARTY APPEALS TO ANYJVASION Says British Prevent Any Other Form of Defense 'We Must Die Before Giving Up Our Home and Fields.' ' ALLAHABAD, India, May .2 (AP). The All-India' Congress party's working committee decided today to urge the masses of India not to fight if, their country is invaded by Japan. With Japanese armies in Burma ready to turn toward India or China, the - dominant Congress leaders threw their great influence with the people of India on the side of resistance only by "non violent non-co-operation." The - Congress thus returned to the ideas of Mohandas K. Gandhi, the man best known to all of India's millions, despite the views of Jawaharlal Nehru and other party leaders who of late have declared India must fight Gandhi in recent utterances has advanced his policy of non-violence to the point of op posing the scorched earth policy in case India is invaded. Blame British. The committee's resolution. adopted after days of debate on a new policy following failure of Sir Stafford Cripps' mission, said its course was dictated by the attitude of the British Government "In case invasion takes place it must be resisted. Such resistance can only take the form of non-vio lent non-co-operation, as the British. Government prevented organ ization of national defenses by the people in any other-way," the resolution said. ; : j It added that this policy must be followed even if . it means death. "We may not bend the knee to an aeeres3or, nor obey any oi his orders. . We may not look to him for favors, nor fall to his bribes. If he wishes to take possession of our homes and our fields we must refuse to give them up, even if we have to die in an effort to resist him (by non-co operation)." . Complaint on Defense. Touching upon - the mission of Cripps, who came from London empowered to offer India a do minion government after the war but whose proposals fell, flat over Indian demands for full sovereignty now, including control and direction of their own defense, the committee said: v "It is significant and extraordi nary that India's inexhaustible manpower should remain untapped while India develops into a battle ground between foreign armies fighting on her soil or frontiers and her defense is not supposed Continued on Page 4, Column 4. Today's War News LONDON British defenders riv ing up Mandalay area In retreat marked by destruction of highway and rail bridges; Japanese claim capture of city. Chinese, on Lashio front report repulsing invading column which penetrated north of Hsenwi, Inflicting heavy casualties, II. , A. F. raiders bomb Nazi de stroyer off Norway and attack air dromes In North France as adverse weather grounds main aerial strik ing forces. ALLAHABAD, India All-India Congress party adopts resolution calling on people to resist any invasion by "non-violence and no-cooperation," saying British prevent organzation of my ojher form of aeiense. ALLIED HEADQUARTERS IN AUSTRALIA Precautions taken against surprise attack on Aus tralian east coast, after two scoot ing planes fly over Townsville. VICHY Leading Japanese dip lomats In conference; to meet later with French political leaders. CAIRO United States service troops in steadily Increasing num bers take positions supporting British desert army and air forces, officials disclose. STOCKHOLM -Red tanks re ported driving deeper wedges into Orel - Kursk - Bryansk triangle guarding flank of Nazis' Ukraine front;' Russian guerrillas said to have killed 6000 Germans In this area recently and to have retaken 345 villages northwest oi Orel. FOR RESISTANCE BY NON-VIOLENCE PAGES 1-14A GIVING NOT TO FIGHT Gen. Giraud Reported in Custody, Nazis Press Vichy to Return Him Escaped Officer Said to Have Been Turned Over to Germans, Then Taken Back Again. NEW YORK, May 2 (AP). Gen., Henri Honore Giraud, the elusive French officer whom Germany captured but could not hold in two wars, was reported in cus tody near Vichy tonight the cen ter of an argument between Vichy and the Germans over his return to the Nazis after his latest spectacular escape from Koenigstein fortress. First reports from highly reliable European informants said he act ually had been handed over to the Germans during the day but later he was returned to detention near Vichy with his future in consid erable doubt well-posted European sources said they believed Giraud had met with important military and po litical personages at a point outside of Vichy, that discussions re garding his return to German cus tody had struck a snag and that he was then brought back to the point outside Vichy. Tne Germans, who offered a 100,000-mark reward for his capture before "he made his way to unoccupied France by way of Switzerland, were said to be exerting considerable pressure in the new discussions under way at Vichy to regain their former cap tive. The 63-year-old General escaped from the German prison late last month. In the First World War Giraud made six breaks from German prison camps, was recaptured five times but made good his sixth try. His latest escape was made after one other attempt in this war, reports reaching London said, ; but details were lacking. . - He had been in German custody since mid-May, 1940, when he was captured on his way to take' over his new headquarters as commander-in-chief of ' the ' First French Army on the northern front On his recent flight through Germany the General, who speaks fluent German, made his way to the Swiss border by regular train, talking during the trip with a German colonel who sat next to him. After crossing the Swiss border Gen. Giraud identified himself and after expressing a wish to continue to unoccupied France was permitted to proceed. Since reaching unoccupied France he had been staying at a village outside Vichy. He had hoped to see his old comrade in arms, Chief of State Marsha Petain, but whether the audience actually was held . could- not be established. 30 Frenchmen Shot as Glraud's Aids, Reds Say. MOSCOW, May 2 (AP). Thirtv rencn orncers nave been execut- ea in Germany as suspected ac - a . complices in the escape of Gen. Henri Honore Giraud from the German prison at Koenigsstein, a lass- news agency dispatch from Stockholm said today. The Moscow radio, broadcasting the report, said that a special Nazi commission headed by Gestapo Chief Heinrich Himmler arrived in Dresden to inquire into the circumstances of Gen. Giraud'a escape.' (Giraud has been reported in Vichy since his escape via Switzer land, but Vichy officials have re fused to confirm or deny his presence there. In London it was said the French there had some reason to think he never actually escaped from Germany and that the Ger mans put out the stories to lay trap for him. 50 Million Pairs Civilians May Feel Pinch in Shoes NEW YORK, May 2 (AP). For the next six months, the average civilian will be able to buy good shoes (real leather, real rubber), but after that it's purely a guess as to what he'll be walking around on. - - - This picture of the nation's shoe situation was drawn today by Jesse Adler, director of the National Shoe Retailers' Association. "The leather we used to get is going to the Army and Navy," he said. "Because of stock on hand, we can handle the situation until late in the fall. From there on, shoes will be of inferior quality." In 1941, he said, 118,000,000 pairs of shoes were manufactured; of that number, 16,000,000 were bought by the Government for the armed forces. Sunday Sections Comics, 2 Sections Department Store Section Part editorial i p.,. Financial I " Everyday I Magazine Drama-Radio UP MANUAL AY : If J . " GEN. HENRI GIRAUD NAZI PILOT CAUGHT AFTER HE ROAMED Calls Americans 'Stupid for Not Stopping Him Sooner Spotted by San Antonio Hotel Man. SAN ANTONIO, ' Tex, May 2 (AP). A young Nazi bomber pilot who roamed 3000 miles over the United ' States', following his escape from, a Canadian concentra tion camp, was held here today by the Federal Bureau of Investigation. . Apparently headed for Mexico, the 22-year-old flyer, Lieut Hans Peter Krug, was caught in a small hotel last night thanks to the observant nature of the manager. The F. B. L had furnished the manager with a card of pictures and information regarding per sons wanted. Krug registered Fri day afternoon under the name of Jean Etti, Brooklyn, N. Y. The manager, whose name was withheld, detected a similarity between the guest and the F. B. I. pictures, and noted also that he spoke with a German accent Late that night the manager called the F. B. I. Two agents and two city detectives went to Krug"s room. At first the German refused to unfasten the latch chain but finally admitted the officers. M. W. Acers, P. B. I. special agent in charge of this district said he was awaiting instructions from Washington as to King's disposition. It .was believed the decision rested with Canadian authorities. The aviator, who was shot down by British anti-aircraft f'.re Aug. 28, 1940, and. later transferred to a concentration camp at Bowman-ville," Ontario, escaped April 16. A Detroit cafe owner is under arrest accused of having aided Krug in his escape. - His experience in the United States heightened his Nazi-induced belief that Americans are stupid,' Acers said the youth told him. "The majority are utterly stu pid," Krug said, "and gullible." , He said he had been stopped about eight times for investigation but that he always was released Continued on Page 6, Column 3. to Army and Navy, This year, from approximately the same output the Government will take approximately 50,000,000 pairs more than three times last year's total. Shoe factories no longer have ac cess to rubber for soles and heels and shoe men face a scarcity of leather as well, he said. After the present stock is exhausted, men no longer will be able to buy genuine buckskin. The cheaper white shoe of buck finished leather will be prevalent this summer. Incidentally, he said, the Army man wears a sole through in 10 days and one pair of shoes in month. . "My advice 1st Don't start a run on the shoe stores, but try to get along on what you've got" Adler 3000 MILES N U concluded. Post-Dispatch 94 Paces Today Pages Section Pafss 1 2 .4 Main New Part t 14 "Picturaa". 14 Rial EataU Part 414 " Sport. Part 5 4 Society Pat 710 Wants Part PRICE 10 CENTS. BLOW UP TOKYO DECLARES CITY HASJALIEN Invaders Driving Deeper Wedges Between Allies Chinese Report Repulsing Enemy With Heavy Losses in East. ( By E. C. DANIEL ' LONDON, May 2 (AP). Mandalay, former royal capital of Burma, was claimed today by the invading Japanese Army, which apparently was driving ever-wider wedges between the British and Chinese defenders of the fragment of Burma which remains in Allied hands. Lashio, rail terminus of the Burma road to China, 135 mile northeast of Mandalay, was captured from the Chinese Wednesday ic a push which now. has carried the invaders north of Hsenwi, only 45 miles from the border of China. A Chungking communique said the i Japanese had been repulsed with heavy casualties at an undisclosed point above Hsenwi. : Tokyo Claim. Imperial headquarters in Tokyo, in one of its rare communiques on the battle in Burma, said Mandalay was taken from the British yesterday and that the occupying forces had destroyed all the city's vital military establishments. While the Allies did not acknowledge the loss, informed quarters said the city probably would soon fall, if it had not already been taken. A British communique from New Delhi, India, made evident the serious plight of the Allies. It said all British troops on the Mandalay front were being withdrawn "from a position north of the Irrawaddy." Mandalay is on the south bank of the river. Bridges Destroyed. The British also announced de fensive destruction of road and rail bridges across the tributary Myitnge River and said two spans of the famous Ava bridge, 10 miles south of Mandalay, had been demolished. Fighting was in progress in and around Monywa, across the irrawaddy some 50 miles west of Mandalay, indicating that the British withdrawal may have progressed that far in the face of the swift Japanese thrusts. The British said nothing of tneir forces which were presumed to have been stationed east of Man dalay, and it was not known whether they had been cut off. Farther south a Chinese xorce was believed 10 db buu uuiuiug Taunggyi, but it was possible that too had been isolated by tne Japanese enveloping movement to the north. Chinese Attacks In South. The Chinese command said its forces in the Tunggyi area naa made repeated attacks which left 1350 Japanese dead on the field, destroyed six small Japanese tanks and resulted in the capture of 21 trucks, hundreds of rifles and many horses. This report how ever, apparently was issued at tne same time as one which said the -Chinese on Wednesday still were holding 20 miles south of Manda lay The Japanese drive northward from Lashio was regarded by some observers as an indication that the invaders were aiming at China primarily, rather than at India. Keeping tne decision in aouDt, however, was the Japanese announcement that Navy planes had bombed Akyab, last useful Allied port in Burma, situated close to the border of India. Wedge Between India, China. In any case, the Japanese drives had resulted in an almost successful severance of China and India, with the goal of cutting off the British and Chinese in Burma from reinforcements. Advices from Chungking said re inforcements ' from China were hurrying to bolster defenses in the Hsenwi sector. With the Burma Road gone, the Chinese said they still had alternative routes from India, but did not identify them. A likely one, possible objective of the Japanese, is the remote Assam Road, which winds through the Himalayas to connect with the Indian railroad from Calcutta. Among the British forces in the Mandalay area are battalions from several of England's finest regi ments. These troops, who now ASKS. JAPS DEFENDING FORGES BRIDGES; i Continued on Page A, Column 5.

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