St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on May 3, 1960 · Page 31
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 31

St. Louis, Missouri
Issue Date:
Tuesday, May 3, 1960
Page 31
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Editorial Pgo Daily Cartoon ST. LDUl5tPDST DISPATCH (, Q () jj SECTION C ST. LOUIS, TUESDAY, MAY; 3, 1960 SPORTS MARKETS -Section I Poqt 2 PAGES 1 SC PULITZER PRIZE .AWARDS' FOR 1959; WHO'S WHO ON WINNERS Los Angeles Times Gets Medal Broadway Musical and Novel About Washington Life Honored Ousted Foreign Correspondent of New York Times Singled Out, as Are Two Authors, Each for Second Time Other Citations. By a Staff Correspondent of the Post-Dispatch. NEW YORK, May 3. AWARDS OF PULITZER PRIZES in journalism and letters and music, announced yesterday, included the Lbs Angeles Times for meritorious public service by a newspaper in 1959 and Allen Drury in the field of literature for his best-selling novel, "Advise and Consent," dealing with Washington political practices, Other letters awards included Margaret Leech, widow of Ralph Pulitzer, publisher of the old New York World, for her historical book, "In the Days of McKinley," and to the Broadway musical hit, "Fiorello'.f based on the activities of the late New York Mayor LaGuardia, f' . ' It was the fortyourth annual award of the prizes. They were endowed by a bequest in the will of the first 'Joseph Pulitzer, founder of the Post-Dispatch and the old New York World and of the Pulitzer Graduate School of Journalism at Columbia University. They are formally issued by the Trustees of the University. tTM T - . - .... 1 -. If! ...... ine los Angeies limes received the award this year for the second time for performing a public service. Its investigation into the sources of narcotics smuggling from Mexico into southern California was conducted by one of its;,reporters, Gene Sherman,1' who'- collected his evidence both in California and Mexico. ' v . His eight-Installment series of exposures resulted in extensive California House and Senate subcommittee hearings and ultimately a demand by the Governor for a congressional Inquiry. Surveys disclosed a lessening of the illicit traffic after its publication. OTHER WINNERS IN JOURNALISM announced yesterday in-eluded two for local reporting. One went to Jack Nelson, a reporter for the Atlanta Constitution, for local stories written under the pressure of edition time, and the other to Miriam Otten-berg, Washington Evening Star, for articles in which the deadline was not a factor.' A. M. Rosenthal of the New York Times, whose dispatches from abroad frequently are published in the Post-Dispatch, received the annual award for international corresp o n d e n c e; Vance Trimble, Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance, for national reporting; "' Lenoir : .Chambers, Norfolk Virginian-Pilot; editorial writing, and for news photography, Andrew Lopez of United Press International. Each of the individual recipients in journalism receives $1000 for his or her achievement. The winning newspaper receives a gold medal for meritorious public service. Winners in letters and music receive $500 each. They include Samuel Eliot Morison for his biography: "John Paul Jones," and W. D. Snodgrass, for his poetry, "Heart's Needle." A special citation in letters was presented to Garrett Mat-tingly for his history, "The Armada." The award in music went to Elliott Carter for his "Second String Quartet." There was no prize given in art or cartooning. IT WAS THE SECOND PU-LITZER PRIZE received for meritorious public service by the Los Angeles Times and also the second each in the area of literature by Miss Leech and Morison. Miss Leech won in 1942 with her "Reveille in Washington" and Morison the next year with a biography: "Admiral of the Ocean Sea," with Columbus as the subject. The Los Angeles Times's previous gold medal was in 1942 for its crusade to uphold freedom of the press, a crusade which led to fruitless contempt proceedings against it. Two members of the Times staff have previously won Pulitzer Prizes, Bruce Alexander for car-tooning, in 1946, and John L. Gaunt Jr., the photography award, in 1955. The newspaper was founded In 1881 by Gen. Harrison Gray Otis and one of his descendants, Otis Chandler, is the present publisher. It has a morning circulation of about 500,000 and about 900,000 Sunday. It gave hearty editorial support to its reporter's narcotic investigations. To win the tward for local reporting under pressure of deadline, Jack Nelson supplied the 'Atlanta Constitution with a series of articles on mental institutions in Georgia. He concentrated on the state hospital at Milledgeville and brought about the transfer of its supervision from the Welfare Department to the Health Department. ' In the course of the reforms, which included personnel changes and other revisions of administration of mental care, the president of the State Medical Association wrote: "Nelson's reporting told the story in such clear and unmistakable fashion that the public quickly grasped the facts as they never had before. "The public's conscience was finally reached because a reporter and a newspaper for the first time had the courage to report and publish the whole truth about conditions at Milledgeville." MIRIAM OTTENBERG received the prize for seven ar- tides published in the Washing- Pulitzer Prize Winners T HE following are the winners of the Pulitzer Prize awards for journal-ism and letters in 1959: THE LOS ANGELES TIMES For distinguished and meritorious 'public service rendered by a United States newspaper. LENOIR CHAMBERS Editor of the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot For distinguished editorial writing. VANCE TRIMBLE Of the Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance For a distinguished example of reporting on national affairs. A. M. ROSENTHAL Of the New York Times For a distinguished example of reporting on international affairs. MIRIAM OTTENBERG Of the Washington , Evening Star For a distinguished example of local reporting. JACK NELSON Of the Atlanta Constitution For a distinguished example of local reporting, pressure of edition time being considered. ANDREW LOPEZ Of United Press International For an outstanding example of news photography. "FIORELLO!" j Written by Jerome Weidman and George Abbott, with music and lyrics by Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick For an original American play. "ADVISE AND CONSENT' By Allen Drury For a distinguished example of an American novel. "JOHN PAUL JONES" By Samuel Eliot Morison For a distinguished American biography. "IN THE DAYS OF McKINLEY" By Margaret Leech For distinguished historical writing. "HEART'S NEEDLE" By W. D. Snodgrass For a distinguished volume of verse. "SECOND STRING QUARTET" By Elliott Carter For a distinguished musical composition. "THE ARMADA" By Garrett Mattingly Special citation in literature. ton Evening Star without pressure of a deadline. They "exposed a used car racket that victimized many unwary buyers." Ultimately, a federal law Im posed regulations on firms selling automobiles on the install ment plan. Her series, entitled "Buyer Bewari," encouraged the gov ernment to impose rules requiring bonds of dealers and finance companies and to fix maximum charges. The District of Columbia passed legislation which would enable revocation of dealers' licenses for unscrupulous practices. The legislation also established licensing and control of salesmen. Rosenthal was given the $1000 prize for "his perceptive and authoritative reporting from Poland," last year. It was pointed out that his expulsion from that nation "was attributed by Polish and government spokes men to the depth of his report' ine into Polish affairs, there being no accusation of false re porting." APPARENTLY HIS OF- Continued on Page 8, Col. 4. - t: i y . Vy-v ,SAMUEL ELIOT MORISON ' Biography : , . GARRETT MATTINGLY Special Citation . uK A.. luj,.,ui,iijii-wh mu., ijnmwnn innimirwrnnrirnniMnrn-nrTrTiTj mum mi r ; ' Jr ' 1 . mV , . j ' ... . 1 ". ? i I i r 1 '1 ''' ' I ill ''t 'si :'! k '! I'! ' ' 1 ? - n : 1 V - IV. Z, f - v - - ' - I i i H : -i l 1 I - ' ' f 1 . ! 1 , ' '- 1 V i 11 . :B , !' i. ALLEN DRURY Fiction W. D. SNODGRASS Poetry Two repeat winners and a first for a first-timer are in the list of authors saluted in he awarding of Pulitzer Prizes for 1959's outstanding literary works. Historian Margaret Leech, who won her first Pulitzer Prize in 1942, won again with "In the Days of McKin. ley." Biographer Samuel Eliot Morison earned his second award with "John Paul Jones. He was honored first in 1943 tor a study of Columbus. In the field of fiction, Allen Drury received the award for "Advise and Consent" his first book. Garrett Mattingly received a special citation for the historical and literary qualities of "The Armada." A collection of verse by W. D. Snodgrass, published as "Heart's Needle," was poetry winner. ft ' s ' i ' i-v;; : Y 'Vv; ''if ' " jtf4KGi4Kr LEECH History A r va ' b A" 1, ' A GENE SHERMAN hi " frA A ,A : 1: - M " 1 it. ifcf. ROSENTHAL LENOIR CHAMBERS 7i4iVCE TRIMBLE JACK NELSON JkTiSJAr OTTENBERG ' The Los Angeles Times was awarded the gold medal in journalism for distinguished public service. Its series of news stories by Gene Sherman, with vigorous editorial follow-up, focused attention on the flow of narcotics into this country from Mexico. A. M. Rosenthal of the New York Times was ousted from Poland for the type of searching reporting which won him laurels in the field of international reporting. Lenoir Chambers earned an award for his editorials on the school segregation issue in the Norfolk Virginian-Pilot. National reporting honors were won by Vance Trimble of the Scripps-Howard Newspaper Alliance for his articles on nepotism in Congress. Awards tor local reporting went to Jack Nelson of the Atlanta Constitution, for writing under deadline pressure, and to Miriam Ottenberg of the Washington Evening Star, for stories in which edition time was not a factor. IWMIMIIWII'f. Li yVi i' ' s I-,., ir "A GEORGE r FoRELLd y . i 111 L I Of 1 fclilWiUlllflrmfclV ' : - ..,.:. :. ' ' ' . ANDREW LOPEZ Photographer for United Press International, honored for Cuban war pictures. W5 k ft 9 TT3fr i i ? .-w''Wms 1,:." :r,l V JEROME WEIDMAN Tom Bosley, as Fiorello LaGuardia, vocally woos voters while stumping for re-election to Congress. Scene is from "Fiorello!" the hit musical adjudged best in the field of drama. The first musical to be so honored since "South Pacific" in 1950, "Fiorello!" was written by George Abbott and' Jerome Weidman, with Jerry Bock and Sheldon Harnick supplying music and lyrics. ; i yy . : ' . ' J i. ELLIOTT CARTER Award in music for "Second String Quartet." STORIES OPEN HOSPITAL DOORS, ACTION FOLLOWS ATLANTA, Ga., May 3 (UPI) Reporter Jack Nelson of the Atlanta Constitution not only won a Pulitzer Prize with his stories on mental institutions he also opened doors with them. For the first time the public saw inside state mental institutions. The reaction, from top officials and the public, was disgust at the conditions they saw. The disgust brought an overhaul of Georgia's Milledgeville Hospital for the Insane. Officials resigned and hospital policies were revamped as a result of Nelson's reporting. Nelson's series won for the Constitution the national Sigma Delta Chi award for a newspaper's public service. t Felt Like Crying as He Snapped Photos of Cuban ilbout to Die NEW YORK, May 3 (UPI). ANDREW '(ANDY) LOPEZ, veteran United; Press International photographer, felt like crying when he took his Pulitzer Prize-winning photographs of a Cuban war criminal kneeling before a priest, with an impatient firing squad watching. Lopez was awarded the prize for a series of four photographs of Cpl. Jose (Pepe Caliente) Rodriguez preparing to die. "When you have a man kneeling, being given spiritual consolation by a priest who is holding a cross in his hand as the victim presses forward to kiss it, there's no question," Lopez said. "It was packed with emotion. I felt like crying myself," he said. RODRIGUEZ WAS SEN TENCED Jan. 17, 1959, after a two-hour trial in San Severino fortress near Matanzas, , Cuba. The tribunal conferred for one minute before finding, him guilty, Lopez said. Rodriguez was march from the trial room and taken down a flight of stairs to the courtyard. - "When I saw him marching down the stairs I went in front of him and into this huge, open air, dungeon-like area," Lopez said. "I started to make pictures. "When Pepe Caliente fell to his knees as a priest held up a cross for him to kiss, the scene was one that will be hard to forget. I honestly felt like crying. .. . "While all this was going on, the firing squad in the back- Continued on Page 8, Col. 4. HISTORIAN, 72, TRAILS HEROES BEFORE WRITING BOSTON, May 3 (AP)-Samuel Eliot Morison, winner of a second Pulitzer Prize, is one of the nation's most prolific historians. His age, 72, does not interfere with the exhaustive .research which he deems essential to good biography and history. To write the biography "John Paul Jones" which won him the prize yesterday, Morison toured Europe, following the activities of the naval hero through cities and towns. In writing a previous winner, "Admiral of the Ocean Sea," Morison retraced the route of Columbus across the Atlantic by making the trip himself in a small boat. Much of his writing is done at his summer home at Mount Desert, Maine. It is there that he keeps a 38-foot yawl which he and his wife sail ogether. Biographies of Winners 01 Journalism, Letters Awards KEW YORK, May 3. Following are sketches of the winners of the Pulitzer Prize awards for 1959, announced yesterday: Allen Drury Drury is a native of Texas. His family moved to California during his childhood, and he remained there until he joined the Army in World War II. He attended Stanford University and worked on the Stanford daily before undertaking his first professional newspaper job as editor of the Tulare (Calif.) Bee. In 1941 he was awarded the national Sigma Delta Chi editorial award for his editorials on that paper. Leaving the Army in 1943, Drury moved to Washington. He has covered national affairs and the Senate for the United Press, Pathfinder magazine, the Washington Evening Star and the New York Times. He now is political correspondent for The Reader's Digest. Drury is 41 years old and a bachelor. He says he is working on a second novel that has nothing to do with Washington. "Advise and Consent" was a 1959 selection of book-of-the-month club and the Reader's Digest condensed book club. Margaret Leech Miss Leech was born in New-burgh in 1893. After her graduation in 1915 from Vassar College she worked for Conde Nast in Continued on Page 8, CoL L

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