The Eugene Guard from Eugene, Oregon on February 20, 1963 · Page 6
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The Eugene Guard from Eugene, Oregon · Page 6

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Wednesday, February 20, 1963
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AN INDEPENDENT NEWSPAPER ALTON F. BAKER, Publiihtr, 1927-1961 ALTON F. BAKER JR. Editor -end Publisher EDWIN M. BAKER General Manager RICHARD A. BAKER Managing Editor ROBERT B. FRAZIER Atioeiate EdUor A. H. CURREY A$tociate Editor The Register-Guard's policy it the complete and impartial publication in it newt page of all newt and ttatementt on newt. On thi page, the editors of the Register-Guard offer their opinions on events of the dag and matters of importance to the community, endeavoring to be candid but fair and helpful in the development of constructive community policy. A newspaper it a CITIZEN OF ITS COMMUNITY. Published every evening and Sunday morning by the Guard Publishing Co. 6A EUGENE, OREGON, WEDNESDAY, FEB. 20, 1963 Troops in Cuba Are the Sideshow The Soviet Union intends to move more of its military forces out of Cuba. The announcement came from Washington, where officials were discussing a communication to that effect from the Kremlin. The decision, however much credit the Kennedy administration may be entitled to, has the look of a basically made-in-Moscow proposition. If Russia intends to remove these troops, it must have a reason. And the reason, we suspect, is the reason that motivates most governments, and most people, in most of their affairs: self-interest. Indications are that Khrushchev feels he burned his fingers badly in the whole Cuba mess. He lost in the court of world opinion. In no way did he advance the cause of international communism, which is his second goal right after Russian self-interest. And, he learned, his Cuban adventure could have been just the device to arm the nuclear warheads of the world. He pushed against Uncle Sam, "testing limits." He learned something from that. It is also likely that the Russians have had their fill of the Castro kind of revolution. It's too passionate, too zany, for their taste. They prefer to play to win, not to grandstand to the world. Also, it is likely, they are afraid of Castro, afraid of what he might do to light the fatal match to civilization. Furthermore, the Russian government has enough trouble on its own side of the Atlantic. The European satellites continue to be restless, not restless enough to start any further Hungarian uprisings, but restless enough to bear watching. On the vast eastern border the Chinese are an even greater cause for concern than Castro. They appear as passionately reckless as Castro. In addition, they are right on Russia's doorstep. And they have the power, as Castro does not, to make good on some of their rantings. And the power structure within Russia is tenuous enough that no Russian leader dare let his eyes focus for too long overseas. If the Russians actually do withdraw troops from Cuba, the free world must Challenge not conciuae mereupon inai ine Russians have ceased to be interested in worldwide communism. They will still want that, just as any fanatical group believes it has a mission to convert unbelievers by persuasion, fire or sword. But the Russians want a Communist world on their terms. And those terms include a world that has not been reduced to ashes. In the J Editor's I Mailbag Slaughter Bill EUGENE (To the Editor) A bill hai been introduced to the Oregon State Legislature to make it illegal to have a mobile laughter house come to a farmer's ranch to kill hit animals for himself or to sell to his friends. It has never been known for uninspected meat to be on the schools' menus. If we wish our beef killed while contented, on the farm, rather than have it become nervous in loading and transporting it to a slaughter house to bawl from 12 to 38 hours, why change the law to deny us? Please, farmers, stand up and fight for your rights. Write to your state senators or representatives to kill the bill that will take away our legal rights. MRS. NORMAN REAM Rt. 5, Box 339 TKey Went That Way!' I m Our Past Cold war, in other words, is the preferred course of action. That's the kind of war the Russians think they can win. We must not forget that Khrushchev's "We'll bury you" remark was made in an economic context. Nor must we forget ' that he said it. Interestingly enough, a cold war is the kind we think we can win, too. We know there can be no winners in another world war, for the next world war will be unlike any the world has ever known. But in a cold war we have not only a chance of winning, but the prospect of winning. We, unlike the Russians, are not the slaves of ideology. Indeed, it may prove that as the Russians recognize the futility of clinging to an economic philosophy as outdated as Marxism they will adjust their system to one more able to compete. And then coldwar will be replaced by vigorous economic and political rivalry. But for now, the fight must be fought. And prospects are that it will go on for a long time despite any withdrawals of Russian troops. The real struggle is bigger than troops and Cuba. ft ft ft. Shifting Battle The U.S. Commission on Civil Rights predicts a shift in the battle for racial equality. In a report made public on Lincoln's Birthday, the commission said the big battles of the future will be in the North, not in the South. In the South, the report said, progress has been "slow and often painful, but it is steady and it appears to be inevitable." But in the North, "gentlemen's agreements" keep the Negro in special districts. Employment practices keep him in menial jobs. There is probably a lot of truth here. In the South the "Negro problem" burst upon the white community all at once. It was immediately recognized. Conditions hit bottom late in the 19th century, after states and local communities had had time to over-correct the excesses of reconstruction. Ever since, things have been getting better. But in the North the problem did not burst full upon the white community. It crept up. And thus it's harder to deal with. ft ft ft Need Is Inescapable Going that extra mile seems a tough thing to do in our town. And we're not talking about traffic troubles this time. The reference is to troubles besetting those who want to provide temporary haven to transients in need. First it was the Eugene Mission; now the Salvation Army is encountering stiff opposition because of such humanitarian aspirations. Not many people deny the need for lome facilities to care for down on thcir-luck travelers, but those who own property or live near suggested shelter sites are more than fairly consistent in opposing actual location of such facilities on auch sites. Arguments about whether shelter sites should be approved only by the planning commission or should also be approved by the city , council are beside the main point here. What seems to have been most commonly forgotten is that both the Mission and the Salvation Army have been providing temporary assistance to transients passing through Eugene for a number of years. That they should be allowed to continue and improve their operation in this type of endeavor is, or should be, a foregone conclusion. If the Salvation Army is not going to be allowed to provide new shelter facilities toward the north end of Olive Street, and if the Mission is going to be restricted in its redevelopment, even outside the city limits, the general interest of the entire community will be adversely affected. If, on the other hand, the Salvation Army and the Mission are allowed to proceed as they intend, the community owes it to those living or owning properties nearby to see that adverse affects upon the shelter site areas are con-trolled. If extra policing of these areas is required, it must be provided. And, if management policies of the shelters are too lax, the community must demand that they be stiffened. Prudent compromise must be made between the community interest and the interests of some particular sectors of the community. Nothing can guarantee, in advance, that particular plans will have particular effects, but reasonable plans must be tested in actual practice. If the day comes when the majority of Eugene area residents believe that transient shelters cannot be operated without causing uncontrollable social and economic problems, this will be a poorer community. We Do Better The State of Georgia, feeling somewhat abashed at the prospect of executing a chap who committed a crime when he was 15, is entertaining a law to raise the legal age for executions to 21. The present law sets 10 as the limit. The suggestion for amendment is not universally applauded. It looks now as if a compromise will be worked out, with the minimum age set at 16. In Oregon it is unlikely that we'd execute anybody under 17. Right now we're working on a girl who did her evil deed, if she did it, at 19. EUGENE (To the Editor) Your editorial in the Feb. 12 Eugene Register-Guard lamenting an all-Negro television station going on the air in Washington, D. C. was a sad commentary on the logic, or rather lack of it, that permeates the thinking of 'racists' and 'race mixers' everywhere, ad nau-seum! I challenge you to show me the error of all-Negro television stations, schools, hospitals, businesses, or any other enterprises or endeavors Negroes with vision or pride of race may choose to forward their ambitions. It would be a wonderful thing if the people of this nation could be left alone to chart their own destinies and their rights of society. To be their own conscience for a change. We are constantly barraged with dictates, threats, coercion, and ultimatums by race mixers who are determined at all costs to mix our blood, our culture, our society and our minds. Woe be unto those of any race who do not choose to conform to this homogenization of society into a faceless mass of protoplasm. I further challenge your statement, "The fault lies with the white man who has virtually ignored the Negro." Speak for yourself, sir! You certainly are not the mentor for the rest of the white people of the nation. Privilege brings responsibility to all races, not license to crime and lawlessness, as is exemplified in our national capital today. See the U. S. News and World Report on Feb. 18 captioned, "The Blight In the Nation's Capital Story of School Crisis, Crime" p. 37. Is this an example of what you want for the rest of the nation? Just thought I'd ask. THELMA THRUSTON OGLE 1050 Ferry St. Favor Drag Strip FLORENCE (To the Editor) Our organization would like to commend the group of men who plan to build the race course and drag strip near Goshen. As supervised drag racing is our club's primary interest (as it is to most car clubs), we feel that the proposed drag strip would be an asset to Lane County, and would enjoy great success because of its central location and the growing popularity of the sport. In some people's way of thinking, drag racing is nothing more than a bunch of smart-alec kids who raise hell with their automobiles. To these people a drag strip might seem to be something to encourage this type of conduct. This happens, surely, but thanks to organizations such as the National Hot Rod Assn. and small car clubs all over the United States, this is the exception rather than the rule. Hot rodders all over the U.S. have shown their ingenuity and have made some great advancements in automotive technology. And where is this done? On drag strips, of course! We therefore would like to wish success to the proponents of this sports complex and look forward to competing there upon its completion. Once again, congratulations and best wishes. KEN BERGESON, JR. Secretary, Scavengers Car Club T.O. Box 844 Blames Governor COTTAGE GROVE (To the Editor) With all these new tax bills the governor has thought up to impose upon the people, it looks like he's going to bury us before Khrushchev does. 1RENK MICHAEL 603 Main St. Thoughts o mention jhnll he made of com! or of cryxtal; the price of wisdom is above pearls. Job 2MJ. God grant me the serenity to accept the things I cannot change, courage to chanse the things 1 ran, and wisdom to know the difference Reinhold Niebuhr. Maamaaw!MawnNanamp'4 . " ADMfNfSTRATTOM Ralph McGill Red Ties Apparent in Guinea's Economy ". McGill Notes from Guinea: At the airport in Conakry the beer is from East Germany. On the way into town one comes to prefabricated houses being erected. They are of wood, but a plaster is put on the outside. This is painted in either cream, blue, or yellow. A bit further on at the left ap-, pears the very long, and agreeable looking So- Viet- provided polytechnic building. It is much too large for a country just beginning to develop its first cadres of technical students, but use will be made of it. Near the school building a sports stadium is about one-third finished. This, too, is a Soviet 'impact' project. These are the major Russian aid measures, but there are a number of less pretentious ones, including teachers, and technical assistance on smaller installations. Non-Committed Few of these provide jobs or produce income. The Soviets take more than 90 percent of the pineapple and banana crops. They also take a substantial portion of the peanut harvest But this sort of barter deal butters very little Guinean rice. The crops go, and the stadium and the large polytechnic building cannot yet be used. The balance of payments situation is worsened. The Guineans are aware of this. They have cooled, in a sense, and the leadership Is the more determined this should be, and remain, an independent, non-committed country. They have asked one Soviet ambassador to depart, because of efforts to influence politics in Guinea. Russian consumer goods have not proved popular. The Russians, having failed in their early efforts to make a satellite of Guinea, nonetheless may be expected to persist. They have a very large investment. The Soviet bloc countries all have embassies here. It is interesting to a western visitor, for example, to see the flag of the embassy of Outer Mongolia. The Red Chinese also have a large diplomatic . operation. They keep very much to themselves. Guineans are amused by the Chinese pick-up of mail at the post office. Two Chinese come. They receive the mail and each checks it. The embassy apparently docs not trust one man to handle it. It is an example of the old Communist distrust,, even of one another. Foreign observers deduce that the Chinese are playing a patient game. If the Soviets fail in their efforts to subvert or infiltrate the political ranks and thus destroy Guinean hide- Peter Edson Fight Shaping Up to Curb Minimum Wage Extension WASHINGTON (NEA) President Kennedy's announced intention to ask Congress for authority to bring more workers under the minimum wage law points up a major dispute on this issue between the U.S. Department of Labor and the U.S. Chamber of Commerce. Most frequently mentioned proposal is to provide Fair Labor Standards Act coverage to 500.000 hotel, motel, restaurant and laundry workers, which Congress refused to do in 1961. Other proposals have been made to extend coverage to over six million workers in retail and wholesale trade, local transportation, industrial and white collar workers. Next Sept. 3 the day after Labor Day, incidentally the minimum wage will advance from $1.15 an hour to $1.25 for some 24 mil-linn urnrlrnre nlranHv pnvornri This wilt hp the second advance from the $l-anhour rate au- Edson . thorized by 1961 admendents to the Fair Labor Standards Act. Two million workers received the first 15 cents-an-hour raise and 600,000 retail trade and construction workers not previously covered were brought under the act for the first time at $1 an hour. These newly covered workers will have their wages raised to $1.15 Sept. 3, 1964 and to $1.25 an hour a year later. They'll also be eligible for time-and-a-half pay for work over 44 hours a week after Sept. 3. 1963, for over 42 hours a year later, and for over 40 hours two years later. MERELY CONTINUED PREVIOUS DECLINE All these increases were made applicable to retail and service industries with $1 million or more annual business receiving $250,000 worth of goods across state lines. For the first time, this broadened the act to cover industries not wholly in interstate commerce. Secretary of Labor W. Willard Wirtz has just sent to Congress an annual report on the effects of these 1961 amendments. He finds that the 1961 raises had no inflationary impact on wages in general. Also, he finds that the raises had few detrimental effects on the levels of employment in affected industries. Only in the southern sawmill industry was any drop in employment noted, but this merely continued a decline that has been going on for a number of years. Of 36 industries affected by minimum wage increases in the South, prices dropped in eight and increased by an average of 3 per cent in nine. But living standards by all covered workers are reported to have been increased by about 10 per cent. LITTLE EVIDENCE SUPPORTS THEORIES Employment has actually increased in all other industries covered since the 1961 minimum wage increase took effect, Wirti reports. He finds that workers not covered by the art did not benefit indirectly from the increase. He uses this fact to underline the necessity for further minimum wage law coverage. U.S. Chamber of Commerce, however, has announced lis opposition to any further extensions of minimum vtace law coverage until effects of the 1961 increases have been fully dissipated. This would probably mean no action before 1966. pendence, they will then have a try. There are not too many Communist bloc consumer goods in the markets, which are engagingly colorful and redolent of herbs, peppers, spices, smoked and dried fish, . and various fermented goods and seeds. The African red peppers make those of Mexico seem like a mild relish. There is some Soviet sugar and canned goods. Cuba has sent in, and sold out, a supply of Texas-like sombreros. These have begun to vie with the multi-colored turbans, caps, tarbooshes and the party hat. The latter is of real or imitation fur. (The Ghandhi, or Congress party in India also had an official, indentifying cap.) Canned goods from many coun- tries are on sale. Perhaps the most popular is a canned tomato paste from Italy. The average Guinean eats rice three times a day and the sauce is best if it includes tomato paste. Most of these goods are on a barter basis. Economy Suffering The economy is suffering, and only a man such as Sekou Toure could have held it together. He has such an unimpeachable personal integrity, and so vigorously roots out corruption, that he is trusted and supported. A Westerner finds it difficult to accept some of his arbitrary decisions and measures. The one-party system offends some. But none can deny that Sekou Toure is daily, if not hourly, confronted with emergencies growing out of the stagnant economy. There is some small progress. There is a very real determination to provide education. The lack of trained administrators, technicians and specialists seems impossible to overcome. But, if it can be, then, communism will not take over. There is almost a mystique about the wish of the African to be African. There will be no miracles. But, the duty of the Western nations to participate seems clear. The penalty for not doing so is equally visible. The Africa of today fits none of the old images. It is fluid, changing day by day . . . though the pace of change often is so slow as to seem changeless. Carmichael BY MY WAttri IT'S EXACTLY TWENTY V s Missionary Had His Own Peace Corps By KENNETH L. HOLMES Profenor of HUtorj, Ltnfield CoUef It has been characteristic of Americans to do a great deal to aid in the progress of so-called "under -developed peoples." In 1949 President Harry Truman announced a new program to help "the free peoples of the world" to realize "their aspirations for a better life" under point four of his inaugural address. This became known as the "Point Four Program." Today we have the Peace Corps, which provides for Americans to work in countries all over the world in such pursuits. There is an interesting story about a kind of Peace Corps movement in the Old Oregon Country in the 1930s conducted by the missionaries Dr. Marcus Whitman, at Wallatpu, near present Walla Wajla, Wash., and the Rev. Henry Spalding at Lap-wai, just up the Clearwater River from Lewiston in Idaho. There was a strong emphasis upon agriculture and home economics in the program of these missionaries and their wives. In 1838, after Spalding and Whitman had been among the Indians for two years, Spalding with the Nez Perces and Whitman with the Cayuses, they wrote a joint letter to their mission board telling of special needs in the field. They expressed the philosophy of their mission saying that they felt it to be important to bring a new . religion to the Indians, and then they added "we believe it to be equally our duty to point with the other hand to the hoe, as a means of saving their famishing bodies from an untimely grave and furnishing the means of subsistance to future generations." This was really Spalding's philosophy; he wrote it, and Whitman signed it unenthusiastically. Spalding had seen the work of the white men who killed off the buffalo and plowed up the natural food plants of the Indians. Bumper Crop in 1838 At the Lapwai Mission agriculture became a fundamental part of the work. Spalding taught the Indians to use the hoe and helped them to plant the first crops in what is now Idaho. They planted the first Idaho potatoes. They set out a fruil orchard. He' tried to make a plow out of wood, but it would not work well. The first year the crops failed, but, nothing daunted, the following spring Spalding inspired the Indians to plant again. In 1838 they had a bumper crop. That year a visitor to the Nez Perce mission described the potato crop as the best he had ever seen. Other products raised included wheat, barley, corn, oats, buckwheat, broom corn, and many garden vegetables. The wheat was harvested with hand sickles, taken to corrals, where wild horses threshed it out by running round and round on it, and a wind winnowed the grain for them. Spalding made a grist mill which made coarse flour. Visitors to the mission reported that the bread made from this flour was excellent. Like a County Agent Among the long perennial grasses of the Nez Perce country, often called "Horse Heaven" by the pioneers, Spalding taught the Indians to raise cattle, sheep and hogs. In 1838 Spalding imported five ewes and three rams from Hawaii, and by 1846 the flock had grown to 150. Spalding wrote in that year, "It must certainly become a great wool growing country." Henry Spalding acted In a manner somewhat like a county agent of today. He was systematic, keeping accurate records. He made regular weather readings and recorded them. He taught the Nez Perce the elements of timbering and how to use the rivers for transporting logs. His basic method was educational. He foresaw the Pacific Northwest as a great agricultural country and pictured for later generations the vast trading potential of the Pacific Basin. For him the Indians would have a part in this great heritage. He came to abhor the treatment given the Red Man by Americans, both as individuals and through their government. In 1867 he lectured in New York State on the mismanagement of Indian affairs and warned of danger ahead. He conscientiously tried to do his part with his own "bold new program" helping simple people in "their aspirations for a better life." MEMBER or THE ASSOCIATED PRESS Tht Asaoctated Preia M entitled exclusively to the uo for republication of all tho local neoi printed In thu newspaper. MEMBER OF THE AUDIT BUREAU Or CIRCULATIONS Senrlcn United Prea International WILLIAM WASMANN, Newt Editor DONN L. BONHAM, City Editor ROSS G. JOHNSON Advertlilnf. Director JARL FUGLE Circulation Minair ROBERT K. BERTSCH Promotion W. B JOHNSTON JR. Auditor ARNE STROMMER Production

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