St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on October 18, 1953 · Page 68
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 68

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Sunday, October 18, 1953
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Page 68
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ST" 1 2E ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH, SUNDAY, OCTOBER 18, 1953 ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH Their Needs and Ours founded by JOSEPH PULITZER Clcmbtr . 1171 Ta Pulitur fubliifimf Co. Tcltskma AHnu MAm 1111 IMI Olive Si. (I) THE POST-DISPATCH PLATFORM I ' know that my retirement will make no difference in it tardinal principle); that it will always fight for progress and reform, never tolerate injustice or corruption, always fight demagogue) of all parties, never belong to any party, always oppose privileged classes and public plunderers, never lack sympathy with the poor, always remain de-' voted to the public welfare; never bo satisfied with merely printing news; always be drastically Indc pendent; never be afraid to attack wrong, whether by predatory' plutocracy or predatory poverty. JOSEPH PULITZER. April 10, 190?. Sunday, October 18, 1933 LETTERS FROM THE' PEOPLE Famine in the Fields To ths Editor of the Post-Dispatch: Extended periods of heat and lack of rain cause prematurity In all forma of vegetation. As early as mid-September I noticed that hickory nuts and walnuts were already nearly ripe and much dwarfed in size. Hazelnuts, brown in the husks, were no larger than garden peas. A farmer friend of mine who has been much troubled with foxes told me that a few days ago one visited his chicken yard and attempted to carry off a fat hen. But the fox was so weak and emaciated, doubtless from hunger, that it had to drop the hen after pulling; out a few feathers. This indicates a shortage of natural food, such as rabbits, gophers, ground squirrels, mice and other rodents. As these feed mostly on vegetation made scarce by the drouth, they have either died or migrated. Hunters here complain of seeing but few rabbits and quail. Hot seasons bring lean years not only to man, but also to the wild creatures of the fields and woods. ARTHUB JOBSON. Marcellne, Mo. From All Sides To ths Editor of ths Post-Dispatch : I congratulate you on omitting Bui Sawyer and Steve Roper. If advisable at this time, and I think it Is. it follows the omission would be good policy at all times. Newspapers, radio and TV are not serving the best interest of our youth. We are shirking our real responsibilities. A. B. McLEAN. To ths Editor of ths Post-Dlspstch: The only reason you offer is that kidnaping episodes "may be offensive to many readers at this time. Would you please explain what you mean by this phrase. I and many of my acquaintances are completely at a loss to understand it. To whom may these episodes be offensive? Surely the poor bereaved family of the recent kidnaping victim would not be reading comic strips at this time. Do you imply that the recent kidnaping may have made a similar fiction story undesirable for many readers? There recently was found the body of a young woman here in St. Louis. Why do you then continue to print serial strips dealing with murder for example, murder of the innocent Sandy Burns in Kerry Drake? I am puzzled by your action and even more so by your explanation. MRS. V. L. CUNNINGHAM. Brentwood. (Telegram.) To ths Editor of Uis post-Dlipstch: Your deletion of Buz Sawyer and Steve Roper is commendable. However, the same censor could be well empioved on your front page to delete the revolting details of assorted crime by two base individuals. It is regrettable that your Rood taste does not carry over from the comic page to the front page. CARL V. MUELLER. To ths tmor of ths Post-Dlspstch: It was very considerate of you to remove Buz Sawyer and Steve Roper and we admire you for it. However, we would appreciate it very much if you could possibly, In some way, send us the outcome. MARY P. RIORDAN. To ths Editor of ths Pout-Dispatch: Only a fool could be offended by the two strips. We all know they both will have happy endings and the crooks will be justly punished a good moral lesson. Shame on you! 1 certainly am angry at you for your unheard of action in this case. MRS. H. J. H. The Press and the Bar To ths Editor of ths Post-DHpslch: May I extend the thanks of the Illinois State Bar Association and all its members for your excellent editorial of Sept. 26, regarding the Judge Bevan case, decided by our Supreme Court on that day. (Editor's Note: This ts the case in which Judge Frank S. Bevan cited 575 citizens of Logan County because of a demand for a new prosecutor in an embezzlement case. He was overruled.) Erie Stanley Gardner, the mystery writer and lawyer who is so interested in criminal justice, makes the point that the press can do more than any other single agency in restoring the confidence of the public In lawyers and the organized bar. In some cases, he thinks the press is only too prone to publish news about defalcations of lawyers, emphasizing the fact that they are lawyers. If more newspapers took the trouble and had the public-spirited viewpoint of yours, the public would be greatly benefited. timothy i. Mcknight, President, Illinois State Bar Association. Chicago. All Lost Except Spirit . JL. " nt Editor of ths Pott-Dispatch : J After listening to President Eisen-V. bower's sddress to the future farm-ts at Kansas City I'm convinced that neither ha nor his Administration are aware of the problems of the farmers. As one of hundreds of farmers in this drouth-devastated state, I have lost everything except my spirit and my desire to vole Democratic in 1954. JOHN WERNER. . Thanks to Gov. Donnelly's call, the Legislature meets in special session tomorrow at Jefferson City to take up the burning question of drouth relief for the stricken farm families of Missouri. The Governor is to be commended whole-' heart edly for having responded to the need for a special session. It is no light responsibility to convene the State's lawmakers outside the regular session. To Gov. Donnelly's credit, he weighed the tragic consequences of the long, searing, rainless weeks on many thousands of men, women and chtldren, as well as on crops and livestock. The Governor found the cost of a special session small In comparison and so he summoned the legislators to do their part in meeting the grave emergency. By coincidence there is an urgent legislative need for the largest city in the State just as there is the urgent need for drouth relief for the rural areas. The need for St. Louis is legislative authority for this city to continue its earnings tax. About this need for St. Louis, there cannot be the slightest doubt Mayor Tucker and former Mayor Kaufmann a Democratic-Republican team would not have gone to outstate Missouri audiences in behalf of the earnings tax extension were the need not critically real. St Louis cannot be allowed to dry up financially without relief any more than rural Missouri can be allowed to dry up without drouth relief. As we said last Thursday on this page: The economic health of the rural areas, and of Missouri's other cities, requires a solvent and going St Louis. Our financial troubles affect them In the long run as their drouth troubles affect us. That in a nutshell is the case for action at this special session on the earnings tax, now scheduled to expire early next year. It is the case for prompt announcement by Gov. Donnelly that he wants the earnings tax to be taken up. It is the case for concerted support by the St. Louis area legislators. It is. also the case for support by State Senators and Representatives from Moberly and Springfield, from Sedalia and Carthage, from Poplar Bluff and Klrksville, from Kansas City and St. Joseph, from Rolls and Columbia, from Nevada and Lebanon and everywhere else in Missouri. ' St. Louisans are confident that the Legislature will do its part toward meeting the drouth requirements for outstate Missourians promptly and adequately. St. Louisans also hope and trust that the Legislature will meet the city's earnings tax need. The first step is for the Governor to include the earnings tax in the business of the special session. Missouri's largest city Is counting on Phil M. Donnelly to give it the chance it must have in order to survive financially. Down Possum Trot Way Meadou-Iark end mockingbird, cardinal and Carolina wren are busy alonp the country roads end in the thickets, while blue-jays carry acorns from one oak tree to another and stop now and then to sound the musical, bell-like note so characteristic of their autumn )ovmeyi.gs through the woodlands. So writes the Post-Dispatch's nature columnist, Leonard Hal, from down in the Belle view Valley, at Caledonia. Now, far be it from this department to challenge the blrdsong ear of the John Burroughs of the Ozarks. He doubtless knows the Bullock's oriole from the Scott's and, frankly, we don't. We can never remember whether the hawk owl has yellow eyes and the barred owl brown eyes or vice versa. Just the same, we feel it our ornithological duty to state that we have never met up with a bluejay in one of his "musical, bell-like" singing moods. Wondering how this might have happened, we turned to a beautiful new book, "Land Birds of America," by two bird experts at the American Museum of Natural History, New York, Robert Cushman Murphy and Dean Amadon. There, in a learned report on the life and times of the bluejay, we read: "The call is a series of raucous screams: jay, jay, jay. Only slightly less familiar is its 'pump-handle' note: and it is adept at mimicking the harsh cries of the red-shouldered hawk." We don't ssy Len didn't hear genuine bluejays when he listened to those operatic arias at Possum Trot. What we'd like him to do is to shoo some of his musical kind up this way. We'll be glad to swsp him a few of the ear-split-ting screamers that have taken a permanent shine to us. 'OSS Soviet Sense or Subtlety? The most preposterous aspect of the Soviet dictatorship has long been the attempt to fit science to its political needs unless, perhaps, it has been the effort to judge and shspe art by political standards. But maybe there is an end of this foolishness In sight. The biggest piece of nonsense of this sort was the theory of heredity promulgated by Prof. T. D. Lysenko. It went directly against the well confirmed findings of Gregor Mendel, the monk of the sweet peas. According to Lysenko, the attributes of plants and men, too could be much more easily and quickly changed than any reputable biologist would ever dream. In a way, the theory was useful to the Communist ideologues. It pretended to give them the support of physical science for their ideas about a world transformation. So they gave wide circulation to a picture of poor Lysenko holding a few scraggly helms of wheat. For non-Communist scientists, it was to laugh. And now it seems that Lysenko Is joining in the laugh or at least breaking into a smile. He has just come out with a "eulogy" of Stalin in which he attributes the whole business to the dead dictator. Stalin, he says, told him to write his paper and then edited it personally. Maybe this adds the role of scientific discoverer to all Stalin's other high qualifications. (See Llchty.) Maybe it gets Lysenko off the hook. This could be and perhaps is a new facet of the Kremlin's "peace offensive." It could be V. a calculated indication that henceforth Russian scientists and maybe musicians, painters and all other kinds of Russians are to be free to use their minds as other people use theirs. It could be the most subtle and disarming of all the recent bids to create the impression that the new men In the Kremlin are different, that they are reasonable. But the Russian record must be kept in mind. One Lysenko does not constitute a repudiation of Stalinism. Halo for Senator McCarthy As clean as a hound's tooth, so far as the Department of Justice is concerned. That If Attorney General Brownell's judgment as to Senator McCarthy of Wisconsin. And so the chief legal officer in the Eisenhower Administration dismisses the report of the three-member Senate subcommittee, which included Republican Senator Hendrickson of New Jersey, that McCarthy "deliberately set out to thwart any investigation of him by obscuring the real issue and the responsibility of the subcommittee by charges of lack of jurisdiction, smear and Communist-inspired persecution." Thus the Department of Justice will do no more looking into the charges that McCarthy speculated in the stock market with funds given to him for his Communist hunt. It will spend no more time on the circumstances surrounding McCarthy's receipt of $10,000 from the Lustron Corp. for use of his name on a booklet on prefabricated housing. It will call a halt to its inquiry into McCarthy's role in the 1950 Maryland senatorial campaign in which slush funds went unreported and the perpetrators of the faked picture of former Senator Millard Tydlngs and Communist Earl Browder went unpunished. And so' nothing will be presented to any grand jury. There will be no possibility of in dictments. Senator McCarthy will be free to go on embarrassing President Eisenhower, Secretary of State Dulles, Secretary of Defense Wilson and other high-ranking officials. And whst is more important to the G.O.P. reactionaries, he will be free to go into next year's congressional campaign against such men of stature in the Senate as Kefauver of Tennessee, Douglas of Illinois and Humphrey of Minnesota. Obviously he could not crusade so convincingly with a batch of federal Indictments hanging over his bead. Mr. Brownell may have washed his hands of the detailed report of the factual statements, documents and photostats submitted to him by Senators Hennings, Monroney and Hendrickson. He has not hesrd the last of it One of the things he has not heard the last of is the fact that Senator McCarthy, who is always questioning other people, would not appear before the subcommittee and answer questions about himself. No one, in effect, ever hid more slickly behind the Fifth Amendment. Where the Beef Was So Good There still are a few gourmets who recall Tony Faust's with mouth-watering affection, but to this steak-and-shake generation such savory narrations seem strictly .from the Missouri Historical Society, about as likely to wake up the appetite as a lecture on the dining-room of the old Planters Hotel Not so, however, the mention of GaravelU's, which now also is no more. The redolent vapors which floated between its steam-table and bar will be slow to fade from many a memory. Where else was a slice of roast beef so lusciously pink and so full-flavored on a piece of gravy-dipped rye bread? Where else was spaghetti made into a dish so worth talking about? And where was a shell of draught beer cooler or more golden-clear? This was the place to banish the after-taste of a bad movie, or to assuage the thirst of a summer's day in the park. With almost none of the amenities of elegant eating-places the over-solicitous waiters, the over-white linen, the over-polished silver, but with the host almost always presiding behind the pickles and the herring this place on the corner really served food for the gods. And it is a consoling thought that so many of us were deemed worthy to partake of it. Dat Gent Charley Dressen's tale of woe about the beating he had to take from some of the experts and fans as manager of the Brooklyn Dodgers touches us. It really does. Mr. Dressen rightly felt that being the pilot of dent bums did not necessitate his being referred to on so many occasions as though he were dat bum. He got particularly tired of fairly frequent speculation that he was going to be fired. Everyone is entitled to differences of opinion, and thus anyone who wants to regard Casey Stengel of the Yankees as a more proficient manager than Dressen is entitled to do so. Nevertheless, regardless, and notwithstanding, a manager who has led bis team to two pennants in a row deserves a kind word, and maybe'! two. So here's to dat gent, Chuck Dressen. SB"-. 1 i THE CLOCK IN THE STEEPLE STRIKES ONE" Catholics Against Segregation TV- Mters r Public Osinto" Bishop'Wa'ters of North CiroHna ended practice in churches there and high dignitaries of church have declared discrinv ination a sin; will precedent rply in schools and housing?; and what will Protestant churches do to exercise leadership? The Rev. Henry G. Ruark, Minittrr of lite Methodist Church at Weldon, N.C., in The Chrihlian Century. The observation that "eleven o'clock Sunday morning is the most segregated hour of American life" originated. I have heard, with Mrs. Charles Johnson, wife of the president of Fisk University. Lately, however, the Roman Catholic Church in North Carolina- directly challenged the prevailing practice. Last May the action of Bishop Vincent S. Waters in consolidating white and Negro congregations at Newton Grove accentuated opposition among parishioners. The principle on which the bishop acted was set forth in his pastoral letter of February 16, 1951. "To believe that one race or nation is superior in the church, or before God, is heresy and should be condemned," he said. "Equal rights are acc o r d e d, therefore, to every race and nationality in any Catholic church, and within the church building itself everyone is given the privilege to sit or kneel where he desires and to approach tre sacraments without any regard to race or nationality. Pastors are responsible for the observance of this practice." On the Sunday when. the order went Into effect Bishop Waters himself said mass at Newton Grove. Following the services a group of about 25 white men demanded to see the bishop. Two priests blocked the door of the rectory. Pop Pius XII To Test or, Not to Test The special committee which since April has been evaluating the functions of the Bureau of Standards touched only Incidentally en the controversial battery additive, AD-X2. In its final report. On the one hand, for example, It found the bureau's high standing In scientific and engineering circles flowed directly from the high quslity of the individuals who staff the bureau and the Integrity of their work. That is a most welcome compliment, but it merely mirrors the truth. On the other hand, however, the study group urged that "non-technical policy and procedural matters on commercial product evaluation be the, respdnsibility of the Secretary of Commerce." This gives Secretary Weeks a free hand to decide whether a commercial product shall be tested and whether adverse reports shall be made public. It is an option that the Secretary ought not to have, as the political battle over AD-X2 clearly demonstrated. The committee also reported that the bureau's basic research programs have been crippled by lack of funds and that "this must be considered tragic." A similar difficulty is being experienced in many another area of Government, but It is doubtful if Secretary Weeks will be able to do much even if he felt so inclined. He and other members of the Administration are committed to reducing the size and cost of Government, not expanding it. Thus, aside from reporting the need for strengthening the bureau's research programs and for certain organizational readjustments, the study group appears merely to have invested Secretary Weeks with prerogative for deciding whether to test or not to test. That is what be has been after all along, .. V- Bifliop's Second Dircrti e After a brief altercation, the men agreed to interview the bishop two at t a time. Subsequently the bishop issued another pastoral letter explaining more fully the grounds for the action and reiterated his position. "So that in the futur? there can be no misunderstanding on the part of anyone." he wrote, "let me state here as emphatically as I can: there is no segregation of races to be tolerated in any Catholic church in the diocese of Raleigh." The bishop's directive was received In the churches of the diocese, which Inrhides all of North Carolina except one county, with little disturbance. At Newton Grove, when the merger first went Into effect, there was threat of a "stay-away" movement. But this resistance has steadily diminished. The abolition of segregation in the worship of Catholic churches in North Carolina seems to be an accomplished fact. ' Policy of Catholic Church How far does this represent the general policy and practice of the Roman Catholic Church? The answer appears to be that, while this development in North Carolina is a spearhead of Catholic interracial action, H is in line with the prevailing policy of the church. In 1949 in the archdiocese of New Orleans, a decree was issued that Negroes must be permitted to worship in any Catholic church on a basis of equality. Apparently this ruling has not been enforced with the same vigor as that in North Carolina. But In March of this year a pastoril letter by Archbishop Hummel cited progress. Behind these actions lies a rapidly developing judgment among Catholic leaders that segregation per se is sin. In an address in 1945, Pope Pius XII declared, "There remains no other way of salvation than that of repudiating definitely the pride of race and blood." The San Antonio archdlocesdn com-. mlttee on interracial justice declared: "In practice, segregation does not exist without injustice." An editorial in mrrica in May 1947 put it more plainly: "It cannot be too strongly emphasized that racial segregation is a moral question; in plain words, that it is a grave sin, just as adultery and murder are grave sins.'' These statements are fairly representative of a compilation of Catholic expressions on race relations issued list year under the imprimatur of Cardinal Stritch of Chicago. Arrhhithnp Ritter's Warning What is more difficult to determine Is how far Catholics will press their attack on segregation beyond the actual worship of the church. An obvious point at which this question arises concerns parochial schools. Presumably, Bishop Waters's directive does not apply to these, since in North Carolina the law forbidding the mixing of races in schools is still in effect except at the level of graduate education, where Supreme Court decisions have voided it. In St. Louis, parochial schools were opened to Negroes several years ago. When some Catholics threatened to appeal the action to civil courts, Archbishop Hitter warned that if they persisted he would excommunicate them on the grounds that they were defying Catholic authority. Mixed schools are prohibited by law In 17 Southern and border states and In the District of Columbia. Protestants holding the conviction that segregation is sin might argue that this legal restriction does not apply to church schools because of the doctrine of separation of church and state. But since Catholics do not uphold this doctrine they would find it difficult to take such a position. It appears likely that the Roman church will not challenge the law, but will be ready to adopt nonsegregation in its schools if and when this becomes legally permissible. Challenge to Other Churches? Closely related to Christian fellowship within the church is the question of racial residential restriction. In the North and the Midwest a number of Catholic leaders have given support to the fight against restrictive covenants. In July, two priests in Cleveland took a strong stand In behalf of the rights of a Negro family which had moved into a white neighborhood. I have been unable to learn of a similar action In the South. Does this development In the Roman Catholic Church pose for other churches a challenge they can no longer ignore? A few years ago the Congregational Christian Churches pledged themselves, to work for "a nonsegregated church in a nonsegregated society." Subsequently, the Federal Council of Churches adopted the same declaration. But I know of no forthright action taken by the Congregational Christians or other Protestant denominations in the South to implement this resolution. There have been various scattered ventures in interracial fellowship. But I have not learned of any other denomination which has directly attacked the prevailing pattern of segregation. Will other churches leave this issue to the Catholics, or will they now begin "to exercise the positive leadership that the times so urgently demand"? TODAY'S IRON MAN. From The Cincinnati Enquirer. Certainly, a football player should be In the game long enough this season to keep from being frostbitten. Now in October Strange Stars from The Christian Science Monitor There will be frost tonight The air is scant. The blanket of our atmosphere wears thin. And marigolds that we were lale to plant Are crowding by our windows, staring in. Come help me cover them. They may not last After a windless night, when boughs are bare. Acorns are gathered, equinox is past, And rising In the east, Autumn's Great I Square. ' Outside, the dark is spicy with their scent. And cold dew falling. Come this Is our chance To save the only gold that was not spent Before the white invader's first advance. Bring shawls and shield their petals tenderly From constellations tbey weren't meant to see. BETTY BRIDGMAN. This Is October From the New York Herald Tribune. The sun is caught in every leaf, Wet scarlet, liquid gold; The touch of frost creeps through our shoes. So sharp and crisp and cold. Across the fields, wild asters blaze And plumes of goldenrod; The oranges of bittersweet Burst from each rust-dry pod. This is the time of ripening Before the brittle fall; No smoke film dims the clear cut hills Birds circle still and call. Days go so fast. We must drink deep Of every hour before November hides these bluest skies Behind her wet grav door. ABIGAIL CRESSON. Autumn Measure , From Yankee Hear In your heart the golden half-notes flowing Through the still wood, the flame staccatos flying Over the hills; green rest of valley lying Between the storms of coming and of going. Touch with your thoughts this music of time's making Oh, wisely touch the sadness and the laughter! With full crescendo coming rightly after The storm, the dissonance and the forsaking. Now in this day of mist, of grey wings turning The year's torn page, truo hand will know the gleaning Of star and seed; unerringly the meaning Of life's chorale will sing through autumn's burning GILEAN DOUGLAS. Autumn Fires From Kaleidograph This is how Thebes went, how the gains men won So tediously were lost: as torches light Another oak, as autumn has begun Her golden fires. In all the cornered sight, Look where I may I cannot stand alool While time runs out in smoke and cities fall. The leaves pull down like shingles to unroof A sky, show nakedness and ruin all The tenants flown. And here's the flaming pyre Of Nineveh, the sacking of Pompeii. My hills go up in flame and so went Tyre. All things men cherish fall into decay, The builders gone and the destroyers come And spring is never green again tot some, MARION M. MADSEN. t

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