St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on December 29, 1946 · Page 46
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 46

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Sunday, December 29, 1946
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Centuries Ago Did Orchids Grow EMI i II II i s n IHIeajir IHlis yj. g South PoIg? Dr. Preston Bradley Seems Well on His Way to Becoming America's Best-Known Preacher By Fred Sparks (En rout to Antarctic With Byrd Expedition) Dili wo DIIt N St. LouU Pot Olipttrb Foreign 8rr1- ABOARD U.S.S. MT. OLYMPUS, Dec. 27. DID crckldi once grow at the South Pole? How can you keep a man'i toes from freezing when Iff 80 below rero? Can you have an Antarctic weather bureau? How tasty la seal? These are but a few of the scientific, medical and military problems this ex- DR. PAUL SIPIE ... AN EXPERT ON COLD-WEATHER CLOTHING. pedltion hopes to answer after it invades the Antarctic continent in a week or two. Almost every branch of science is represented on this Polar task force, either by naval officers or civilians from a Government bureau. Their pooled findings might go a long way toward telling the U.SA. how to fight a war in subzero climes. Millions of years before man made his untimely appearance on earth, the Antarctic continent, now buried under countless tons of glacial ice, was a pleasant place to live. Whether or not it was as warm as Palm Springs, Cal., or as nippy as Boston, is anybody's guess. But John I Lewis will be interested to know that explorers found coal and think that Antarctica has the world's largest supply. This means that it was once warm enough to grow some kind of flowers. It takes thousands ef years of decaying vegetation to make coal. Right now, the cnly vegetation that grows in central Antarctica is some sickly moss up high on the mountains. Dr. Arthur Howard, geologist, hopes to take a good look at the Antarctic family tree by scaling some mountains and collecting rock if he can find an ice-clear spot. By studying these spots, Dr. Howard might be able further to determine the past history of this unknown territory. He's asked anybody going ashore to treat all rocks with the courtesy usually accorded diamonds. If someone would find a dinosaur skull, or even a bone, Dr. Howard and science would be eternally grateful. The skull or bone would be labeled Exhibit A in the case of science vs. mystery. Man may hare the latest weapons, hut if his toes freer he's through. Dr. Paul Slple, leading authority on cold weather clothing and chief Army observer with the expedition, tells this story: Shortly after the Germans invaded Russia and all military experts were predicting the quick collapse of Soviet resistance, Slple saw a newsreel of the Nazis advancing toward Moscow. When he looked at their overcoats and boots, he said: "The Germans are as good as licked. They'll never be able to take the Russian winter in those clothes." During the war the Americans learned a little about cold weather gear but at a frightful cost in the mountains of Italy. This tTlp should add to that knowledge. Dr. Siple's basic defense against cold Is lots of light clothing instead of a few heavy garments. He believe that warm air, collected between layers of clothing, keeps the wearer sufficiently comfortable and that lightness of gear will permit hint to operate efficiently. By Virginia Irwin A Staff Correspondent ef th Poit-Diipatch. CHICAGO, Dec. 26. PLUMP, pipe-smoking Dr. Preston Bradley, who began life as the son of an Impoverished Michigan blacksmith, today seems well on his way to becoming America's best-known preacher. In his famed $750,000 Peoples Church on Chicago's north side as many as 12,000 people may worship on a Sunday. Listeners to his daily radio sermons he calls them "air editorials" number between seven and eight million people scattered over 20 states. At 60, Preston Bradley is firmly perched on the pinnacle of ministerial success. That he got there by what many ministers might consider unorthodox practices is part of the philosophy of this dynamic preacher. He believes that Protestant churches dissipate too much energy on denominational emphasis. In his church, which has loose Unitarian ties, he never mentions sectarian doctrine. "I believe in the simple, unadorned teachings of Christ," says Dr. Bradley. "Let us subordinate theological and sectarian differences and put the message c" Christ first." In his Peoples Church, which is built like a theater with slightly sloping main floor, mezzanine and balcony, Dr. Bradley speaks from a desk instead of a pulpit. His congregation, composed of people of every race and color and refugees from many creeds, sit in soft theater seats Instead of hard-backed pews. Dr. Bradley followi no ritual and writes no sermons. He approaches his desk with some idea in his head, such as the subject for a recent Sunday sermon "The Man Made Gods We Worship" and then proceeds to wallop the daylights out of people who put the pursuit at fame, money, position or power before the teachings of Christ. Rich and poor alike in Chicago wait for Dr. Bradley's Monday-through-Friday "air editorials" at 6 p.m. as faithfully as they wait for their evening meal. Billed as "The Friendly Philosopher," Bradley is now sponsored by a Chicago fur company. And in these evening broadcasts which he has been making for more than 10 years, he may discuss anything from vice to vivisection, give his views on anything from charity to nuclear energy. Dr. Bradley's popularity with radio listeners is reflected in the fact that he has the highest Hooper rating of any commentator on a program originating in Chicago. After 35 years in the pulpit, Dr. Bradley regards this past year as the most active of his whole Career. Besides his Sunday services at Peoples Church and his daily radio program, he has lectured every night for five nights a week !!ili DR. PRESTON BRADLEY HIS CHURCH IS BUILT LIKE A THEATER. AND HE SPEAKS FROM A DESK INSTEAD OF A PULPIT. since last Sept. 15. He is one of the 54 original organizers of the Isaac Walton League, has for 20 years been a member of the Public Library Board, and is chairman of the Library Committee which purchases all the books for Chicago's municipal libraries, is a member of the State Normal School Board in Chicago and a member of the Mayor's Committee on Human Relations. He is also the author of seven books. Two of them, "Courage For Today" and "Mastering Fear," turned out to be best sellers. "In addition to everything else I preach some six or seven funerals a week and solemnize perhaps as many marriages," this amazingly active sexagenarian said the other evening after his broadcast. "But no matter how much I do I never eeem to tire. I believe it is because I have all my life followed the old Chinese proverb, 'Never let tomorrow tire you today.' No matter how strenuous a day I might have planned for the morrow, I never think about what I have to do until that time comes.'' And no matter how strenuous a program he has for any day, Dr. Bradley always finds time for an hour's walk. It is during these walks that he mulls over his next sermon or cogitates on new strategical approaches to the two battles he is forever waging the battles for racial understanding and against religious bigotry. Because Dr. Bradley remembers the privations of his early childhood, he takes an intense interest in Chicago's underprivileged children. When juvenile delinquency was giving Chicago's city fathers some sleepless nights, Dr. Bradley took matters in his own hands. He devoted his evening broadcast to the situation and wound up the program by bellowing into the microphone: "I want somebody listening to this program to send me $5000 and I'll show you how we can fulfill our duty to youth!" The next day Dr. Bradley's mail contained two checks for $5000 instead of the one for which he had asked and armed with the cash he approached high school students of Chicago's trouble-making uptown district. To these kids he said: "Look, you're looking for excitement. Okay, I want you to help me start a night club for kids your age. You run the club, dance and have fun. You can serve soft drinks and ice cream. But no liquor on the premises. Okay?" The venture was a success and the cops of the saloon belt soon had to report a drop in juvenile delinquency for the district. Unorthodox for a minister to organize a night club for teenagers? Definitely, but the scheme worked, and one more victory was chalked up to Dr. Preston Bradley. No subject is beyond the pale for Dr. Bradley's verbal lnnce. One night on the radio he may scorch folks who don't live up to their marriage vows. The next night he may go all out for soil conservation. Once when fish and wildlife enthusiasts put before him the fact that streams were being polIuted because of the lack of sewage treatment and disposal plants, Dr. Bradley sermonized on tho subject over the radio so persuasively that dozens of communities installed plants for the processing of chemical and industrial wastes to make safe the sport that Dr. Bradley loves fishing. "I can not remember when I didn't want to preach," Dr. Bradley told this reporter. "I preached my first sermon at 15 in the little town of Argentine, Michigan, and my salary as minister of my first church after I was ordained was $30. I sometimes think of that now when I look at Peoples Church which cost more than three quarters of a million dollars." As a religious liberal. Dr. Bradley came to Chicago more than . 30 years ago to assume the spir-itual leadership of a tiny group of people on Chicago's north side. Soon his sermons were drawing such crowds that the congregation outgrew its dingy meeting place in Areola Hall and Chicago newspapers started publishing his sermons. Only little more than 10 years later, Dr. Bradley had a $750,000 church and as many as 12,000 people listening to his sermons on Sundays. During the depression the Peoples "Church, at the instigation of Dr. Bradley, operated its own relief station, where the poor could come to get warm clothing. And at that same time when employers were scorning the services of anything but young men. Dr. Bradley organized the "Men Over 40" club to help the older generation get jobs and support themselves. Today he is thumping the tub for war memorials in the form of swimming pools for underprivileged kids, community centers for poor neighborhoods, for libraries and playgrounds. He wants war-memorial money spent in good causes instead of for great, gray and depressing granite slabs so often erected in the memory of our war dead. As Dr. Bradley's congregation continues to grow, other ministers have been known to wonder just what sort of bait Dr. Bradley uses to secure such a tremendous following. The answer in easy: He has a consuming interest "in people and their problems and he has never feared to speak his .mind on any subject under the sun, with vehemence and without fear of consequences. Economy In the Theater By E. E. Edgar ENGLISH actor-manager Sir Herbert Beerbohm Tree wss Interested only in the artlstlo merit of his productions. To achieve a desired effect he spent j money lavishly. On one occasion, . he spent such huge sums hia backers protested vigorously. They threatened to withdraw their fi- . nancial support unless he cut x- -penses immediately. Faced with this tiltimatum, Tree looked about desperately for a way to effect economies. For two days he went over the script with a fine comb. Finally he cam up with a bright idea. It wasn't much of a saving, but it was the only thing he could think of. And what waa this brainstorm of economy? In the third act, one of the actors came on stage carrying a three-cent newspaper under his arm. Tree ordered him to carry a one-cent paper. PERSEVERANCE: When French artist Paul Cezanne had his heart set on painting someone, he did not tnke no for an answer. At one time, he wss tremendously Impressed by the powerful physique of a laborer who passed his window every day. One morning, when the laborer passed by, Cezanne ran out of hia studio and followed the man home. "I want you to pose for me," he said. "I haven't the time," said the other. "I work all night." "That's fine," said the painter. "Then you can pose for me during the day." "But I sleep all day!" objected the other. "In that case," proposed Ces-zanne, "I'll, paint you while you are in bed." And so it was arranged. The painting that resulted was one of Cezanne's finest. RESEMBLANCE: Poet Ralph Waldo Emerson waa posing for a well-known sculptor. As the bust took shape, the poet indicated signs of dissatisfaction. "I something wrong?" the sculptor asked one morning. BUT DESPITE THE SNUGGEST clothes someone will always freeze a hand or foot like an ice cube. That's where the medical department comes in. They've got to defrost the part involved. Lt. Harrison Richardson, who was on the last Byrd expedition, will set up a tent hospital near the airstrip to be built in Little America. Together with Comdr. Harry Elsberg, chief medical officer of the task force, he'll pay special attention to flyers and their reactions to subzero air travel. Airmen will encounter the coldest weather often as low as minus 60. Highly publicized electrically heated suits w-ill not be used. They're as warm as toast up in the air, but if a pilot must bail out or make a forced landing, they're useless. Doctors will also do K.P. to find out how much food is needed for men working in cold. They believe that the usual diet should be increased by 25 per cent. The best source of heat is the body and the colder it is, the more heat the body must produce, which means more food. The medics also plan to attend several penguin and seal dinners. These two are the major source of fresh food supply of Antarctica. The doctors want to know exactly what is their nutritional value. Among other must on the medical study list are: A new way to treat snow blindness, and how to give first aid in the field at temperatures that freeze plasma. There's one thing they don't have to worry about the common cold or other contagious diseases. The Antarctic is as free of germs as it is of petunias. Before Dr. Elsberg or Dr. Richardson can have seal or penguin for dinner, someone must catch same. That's where Jack Perkins, biologist, comes in. Hell catch seals, penguins and many other fish and birds, not only for the stew pot but for analysis back In the states m welL Jack is probably the world's No. 1 expert on how to nab a penguin. Catching seals is not so complicated just drop a cargo net over the side of the ship. A penguin can take off like a rocket, and not on his feet. He goes belly-whopping on the snow like a kid on a sled. Jack has someone flush a penguin In bis direction and as he slides by he hops on Its back, applies a flipperlock and the penguin is practically in the chow haLL f "SOUTH POLE AND VICINITY: Increasing cold, with high winds; average temperature tomorrow 69 below." The weather bureau might be able to make such predictions in a few years if the desire to set up permanent stations in Antarctica materializes. Dr. Arthur Berk Haynes represents the bureau on this trip. He'll research the possibilities of such a service besides making many tests of Polar weather. Icy blasts from Antarctica dictate the weather In most of the land below the equator. Regular forecasts will be essential if trans-Polar flying for commercial or military reasons is to take place. Train Child Not to Fear The Doctor By Angela Patrl FEW, if any, children escape illness or accident sometime in their early years. The doctor and the dentist and the nurse are called on for help and too often they find themselves in difficulties because the children fight off their well-meant and essential services. The doctor wants to look at the child's throat. He gets his spatula and his light ready but the child tenses himself into a knot, squirms away and presents the back of his head to the doctor. When a youngster is shedding his first teeth and new ones are pressing up behind them, the attention of the dentist is necessary. The early teeth must come out and make room for the new ones. The patient begins screaming the moment he is placed in the chair. New Year's Eve Forecast ' Fewer Big Spenders, Fewer Big Benders By Inez Robb HE SHAKES his head and squirms down off the chair and the dentist, who has spent 10 minutes of precious time and nobody knows how much nervous energy without result, says patiently, "Better take him home until he is not frightened." Children who have not been trained to take examination of their mouths, noses, throats, teeth, wounds and hurts with resignation, if not courage, are in a bad place in the day of trouble. If they have been examined often by their father or mother, so that they know what to do and what to expect under such examinations; if they have been taught that the physician, the dentist, the nurse are their very good friends ready to help them when they are ill or injured, they will be less fearful and more co-operative. This is not too difficult even for a busy mother or father to do. WHEN BATHING a child, make a point of examining his mouth and nose, occasionally hold down his tongue with a wooden spatula or the handle of a silver spoon, making sure it is more than clean, and have him hold a flashlight while you look down his throat as he says "Ah-ah-h!" It is a very sad mistake people make when they threaten a child with the doctor and his black bag, the nurge who'll take him away to the hospital if he doesn't take his medicine from his mother, or the dentist who will do things to him if he doesn't mind. Fear is always with us and is especially powerful in times of trouble. NEW YORK, Dec. 28. NEW YORKERS are expected to celebrate in traditional style this New Year's eve. But the Broadway wise guys are certain the resultant hang-over will not be as big by two or three Jugs full. Since New Year's eve is this city's traditional night to howl, as many persons as ever are expected to be afloat on the town, but not as much money as in the past few years. Consequently, night spot proprietors believe the per capita consumption of corn squeezin's will be considerably less this New Year's eve that in the immediate past. Or as Carl Erbe, seasoned Broadway character and night club publicist, succinctly puts it: "People will Just get normally drunk this year instead of falling-down drunk." Erbe, who is privy to the confidences of any number of owners of Broadway dine-and-dance emporiums, says the street expects the chumps or customers to spend as much as 25 to 50 per cent less on laughing water this year than they did last season. "People have gotten a little more sober in their thinking this year, and it's going to be reflected in their drinking New Year's eve. Fewer big spenders, fewer big benders, probably," he believes. As Erbe points out, almost every night club slaps on a stiff (and no reflection on the customers) cover charge for New Year's eve. This always includes a showey dinner or supper, plus favors, paper caps and noise makers, as if they were needed! Consequently, patrons can come, dine and dance and have a very happy time indeed on one or two bottles of fire water this year 'instead of the half dozen they have consumed in the past two or three. Billy Rose, Broadway's bantam Barnum, whe owns the glittering Diamond Horseshoe, also is of the opinion that night spots will be jammed with customers. But he figures the customers pants pockets will not be quite so jammed with folding money this season. Mazda Lane's lightning calculator speculates thus: "The guy who spent $30 on New Year's eve last year will be good for $25 this year, one-sixth less than he blew in a year ago. Yeh, he'll spend, about 16.5 per cent less dough this season." During the recent and continuing night club slump, liquor sales have shown a marked decrease. When the bent elbow costs 80 cents per cocktail and a dollar per highball, it doesn't get such a work out when an economy wave is on. But while New Year's eve may not be quite so dripping wet this season, it la expected to be every bit as hilarious. New Yorkers copyrighted New Year's eve many years ago and, if necessary, would gladly sell Grandma to raise the funds for a night-long spree. For once, Broadway places are asking and getting a higher cover than the fancy cafe saloons on the East Side, where society, or a reasonable facsimile of same, will cut up tricks. At least three of the Broadway hot spots, the Diamond Horseshoe, the Carnival and the Latin Quarter, will charge a top of $20 per person for ringside tables. A patron can have a table behind a pillar or a 50-cent taxi ride from the ringside in any of these places for a $7.50 couvert. Over on the East Side, El Morocco, which attracts the carriage trade, is charging $17.50 per person. It expects to sell as much campagne as ever, since it has confidence that its customers are as well heeled as ever. Sherman Billingsley, owner of the Stork Club, is certain the cash register will ring as happily and often as Inst year. The Stork Club is not even charging a couvert this year. Its devoted patrons are expected to dine and drink as usual a la carte, a financial experience comparable to a fiscal atomic bomb. There is scarcely a corner coffee pot, east side, west side, all around the town, where the couvert is less than $7.50. In other words. New Yorkers are expected to be doing what icomes naturally for them this New Year's eve, which is eating, drinking and carousing more than is good for them. But the wise guys say when the morning after dawns on New Year's day and consciousness returns to limp forms around 2 p.m., there will be less demand for prairie oysters, aspirin and cold compresses than in the past. But they will be needed in modified form and it's a wise celebrant who has the foresight to stack away a little dog hair against that January first feeling. Sayings of Senator Soaper IT turns out that a character is walking sideways from coast to coast. Onlookers had naturally supposed it was a congressman rehearsing his position on a cut in taxes. An editor suggests dropping American mail order catalogues on the Russian poulace, to apprise it of living standards in the west. Should this fail, a second wave of planes could go over, dropping Harper's Bazaar. Another college grid season belongs to history. Now to get the play-by-play broadcaster unwound, and the cheerleader settled for a while in a quiet room with the shades drawn. Something new has been added to the Senate's acoustics. What Harry Byrd assumed was the same old echo turns out to be others taking up his economy cry. Here and there, improvement is noted, as in the once proverbial inaccuracy of the fair sex with firearms. It is months since a wronged wife missed. o-o It Is rumored in the book trade that a publisher famed for hitting the Jackpot with freak items now figures a clean novel as the next bonanza. Answers to Questions on Social Usage By Emily Post A RULE that sounds unreasonably exaggerated is described as follows: "It has been a rule at our fraternity house that none of the men may bring a girl here, except in the company of another couple and provided the housemother is in the house. "Don't you think this is unnecessarily stiff, especially since many of the men are married and have their wives here? It makes their fraternity houses unusable much of the time. A word from you might help ehnngc a wornout ruling." This ruling certainly can't include wives! It la always 1 proper that a wife go wherever her husband chooses to take her. On the other hand, it never has been thought proper for a young girl to go to a fraternity house un-chaperoned, but the housemother's presence always has been considered sufficient. Certainly the wife of a married brother should be considered an adequate chaperone for the fiance or friend of an unmarried brother. DEAR MRS. POST: My mother is giving me a party in honor of my coming marringe. I know everyone will come in ordinary day dresses because that is the way we always dress at our parties. I'd like to wear a more important dress which I wore as a bridesmaid out of town and have not had occasion to wear since. It has short sleeves and a modest neckline but is long, has a fairly full skirt and is made of taffetta. May I wear it. even though no one else will be dressed similarly? I thought I might because I'll be guest of honor. Answer: Undoubtedly, the dress would be very becoming to you. The only question is what is meant by "ordinary day dresses"? If these are pretty afternoon ones, then your dress will not be out of place. DEAR MRS. POST: When a girl asks a boy to go with her to a dance and she can't buy the tickets ahead of time, how does she go about buying them at the door? Wouldn't it embarrass him then? Answer: Under these circumstances, it is best to have her father or mother give the boy the monev and ask him to get the tickets. when Emerson began to examine the bust. "Don't you think it resembles you?" "Yes, It does," admitted Emerson. "That's just the trouble The more it resembles me, the less I like it." THANKS: While in Europe on his way home from Africa, Theodore Roosevelt met Kaiser Wll-helm II of Germany. The two had a long talk. When Roosevelt emerged from the room, a reporter asked: "What were you talking about for such a long time?" "Nothing much," commented Roosevelt. "I was Just thanking him for the atrocious presents he gave me when I wss President." Cynical: F.njtlUh writer Charles Lamb attended the funeral of a contemporary author who had been noted for his meanness to his colleague. As the casket was lelng lowered, one of the mourner murmured hvpocritt-rally: "What a pity. Dead at such an early age'.' "Yes," added Lamb cynically, "and such a good man underneath." "Underneath what?" asked s third spectator, who had despised the decease . "Underneath the ground," replied lamli. PROTECTION: Theatrical manager Oscar Hammerstein engaged a sister act which he ballyhooed as the greatest act of its kind ever to hit New York. On opening night the house was packed. The crowd's curiosity, however, soon turned to anger, for the sister act was terrible. Hammerstein, sauntering through the theater, could hear the spectators' bitter com- mets. The following night the audience was even larger than the first night crowd. This time the theatergoers came for revenge. On their arms they carried baskets containing soft tomatoes, eggs and overripe vegetables. When the curtain went up and the sisters made their appearance, the spectators hurriedly reached into their baskets. A momettf later, a roar t rage echoed through the theater. Hammerstein, judging the temper of the crowd, had made some preparations also. Across the entire stage he had hung a huge net separating the performers from their would-be assailants. PAGE 2G EVERYDAY MAGAZINE ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH, DECEMBER 29

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