St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on October 16, 1942 · Page 24
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 24

St. Louis, Missouri
Issue Date:
Friday, October 16, 1942
Page 24
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PAGE 4C sST.LOUIS POST-DISPATCK, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 16, 1942. .ST.L0UIS POST-DISPATCH a-a-isesas. 1. U. S., Indian and British Views on India Outlined in Radio Forums Continued From Page One. fight the Japs and the Indians at the same time." If India 1b lost because Britain would not make a settlement with the Indian leaders, then the war will be "prolonged 10, 13, 20 years," Singh declared. "American boys who are playing In their nurseries today will have to bear arms and fight with three or four million American soldiers to retake that territory he asserted. "If a political settlement is made in India, on the other hand, there will be millions of Indians who would most willingly die In defense of their country. We Indians want to fight the Japanese. Ideologically, we are wholeheartedly with the United Nations. It is up to you Americans, along w)th liberal Englishmen, to bring pressure upon British Tories to recognize S FLAGS - PENNANTS BUNTING, ETC. FOR HAW PARADE FLOATS Com la or FAon CHasfcivt 8602 Eit'mofet G'vea wt"l R- j. PRSESMEYER & COMPANY Dog Headquortert 2420-28 N. Ii at tenton, St. Lob! the right of the Indian people to govern themselves, to promise them complete freedom after the war, and also to demand that immediate steps be taken for mediation in the present deadlock." Views on Mediation. Singh asserted that the people of China, India, America and England want mediation, "Why in the name of all that's holy do the British Tories turn a deaf ear to this plea?" "Indians have not asked that freedom be given to them today," he continued. "Indians want only a declaration of freedom without any 'ifs and "buts.' I make bold to state that if, today a declaration were to be made in the House of Commons In London that exactly one year from the date of the cessation of hostilities, India would be guard your budget like a military secret in these UlI-WooI Suits (o)75 in Boyd's subway, featuring Shetland s, Tweeds, Worsteds! Fabrics that in looks and actual wearability far exceed this low price. Tailored to Boyd's own specifications in three-button lounge and double-breasted models-r-regu-lars, longs, shorts and stouts in complete size ranges. Many suits with two trousers. AH-Wool Topcoats, $27.75 Sturdy, hard-wearing tweeds, fleeces and coverts. Tailored in fly-front, notch collar models. Many with zip-out linings. Sizes 34-50, including longs and shorts. Other top-coats from 19.75-32.50. If gf? f '? 1 Ira v I airttcp'iOD fa 3 id ail ana- w&n Today and Saturday! Many items besides these: wfer Mlhifie SEnSo-fls $1.35, $1.65, $2 Values Many Are Sanforized $ There's always a place for those extra dollars, and today, more than ever, you want to make every one count! So invest them where 'you'll get the most return ... as in these fine white broadcloth shirts . . . you're bound to need. All are seconds or special lots from fine shirtmakers. Many are sanforized shrunk. With soft and fused collar styles. Neckband and collar attached models. 65c, 75c HOSE, 3 Pairs 1 u i Rayons, Iisies, mixtures. Blacks and patterns. Irregi nrj irom good Hosiery .makers. 50c, 65c SHORTS, 3 for Whites and patterns in good quality broadcloths. Some seconds. Ribbed and flat weave undershirts at the same price. 30-46. 65c and $1 TIES, 3 for $ A large selection of new patterns for fall. Popular fabrics of the non-wilt, non-wrinkle class. Some are seconds. 1 GIFTS for Service Men! $1.35 and $1.65 Values Money Belts, Stationery Kits, Billfolds, Toilet Kits. All are extra value at this low price. Other well-made serviceable gifts also in the subway. M mi m m i R' a free country, Indians would ac cept the promise without any guarantees from President Roosevelt." Singh added that no Indian wanted British or American troops to withdraw from India. Indian leaders repeatedly had stated, he said, that the "quit India" slogan applied politically, not physically. He quoted from the Indian National Congress resolution of 1942, "the Congress therefore is agreeable to the stationing of armed forces of the Allies In India and the proposal for the withdrawal of British power from India was never intended to mean the physical withdrawal of Britons from India." "India with her 390 million people one-fifth of the human race with her most strategic position on the continent of Asia, with. vitally important raw materials, industrial capacity, man power, is too great a prize for us to gamble with,'' Singh concluded. "India wants to fight shoulder to shoulder with the United Nations against the Axis. Indians believe in the teachings of Lincoln and Washington. Indians want to be given the chance to fight and to die for freedom and democracy." Polak's Reply. Polak, for the British, took the rostrum to answer Singh. He admitted that an Axis invasion of India threatened, that it was a British problem to defend India, and he laid the blame at the door of India's ' leaders, including Gan dhi and Singh. Let the people of India get to gether on a government, and they can have It for the asking," he replied later to a question. "We'll be glad to give it to them as long as they don't destroy us in fighting themselves. ' Britain is anxious that India should take her place as soon as possible among the independent nations of the British commonwealth in equal partnership. The only question is when and how. "Is this a time to make such far- reaching changes? Let us consider a few facts about India. Most of her. vast population, three times the population of America, is not interested in politics. A quarter are Mohammedans and two-thirds are Hindus. The nationalist party is the Congress party, but it does not represent the nation or a ma jority. The next most Important party is the Moslem League, representing probably a majority of Moslems. These two parties are at daggers drawn, and their lead ers have not met for years." Points to Army. Polak proceeded then to point out that despite the impracticabil ity of settlement of political dissatisfaction in India, there existed a volunteer army of one and one- half million men, who have given a splendid account of themselves in every battle, equipped with products of Indian factories and plants, mostly Indian owned. The army, he said, is increasing by 70,000 monthly. An effective national Indian gov ernment and the release of political prisoners cannot be accom plished before three principles axe made effective, Polak said: L The mass civil disobedience movement must be called off, 2. Defeatists must be eliminated from leadership of the Congress party, headed by Ghandi, 3. Party differences must be put in cold storage for the duration. "With victory, Polak concluded, "India's complete independence is assured. She will have fought for it and earned it by her own effort" American View. Schuman, voicing an American point of view, began by saying that, like many thought several years ago that America's frontier was on the Rhine, he believed that our frontier is on the Indus and the Ganges. "India will be invaded by the Japanese before the year is out," he declared, "and it may be invaded by the Nazis before winter's end. To lose India would mean the isolation of China and Russia, the loss of the Near and Middle East, the loss of all Southern Asia and most of Africa. "The defense of India is a problem of all the United Nations, calling imperatively for the pooling of the wisdom and good will of all. To say this is not to pass judgment on the decisions of the British cabinet or of the imprisoned leaders of the All-India National Congress." He was greeted with applause when he added that any American who promoted distrust of . the British Government "is jeopardiz ing those relationships of confi dence and collaboration between Britain and America which are necessary for victory," but he added: "Yet we must face the contem porary facts. For the past two months the British and Indian Governments have been seeking to defend India by jailing, whipping and shooting Indians and the fol lowers of the Congress party have been seeking to defend India by committing acts of disobedience and sabotage. We shall get no where by debating whether Brit ain's mistrust of India is justified or not." Quoting a British statesman who said that the Indian situation "is dark and confused," Schuman commented that thi is a masterpiece of understatement "even for a Britisher." Call for Negotiation. "We cannot and should not," he continued, "cry that Britain must grant India ' immediate inde pendence whilethe enemy stands at the gates, or that Congress (of India) must abandon its demands for freedom or call off its campaign of disobedience while its leaders are held incommunicado in jail and its followers are daily being beaten and imprisoned and killed. And yet we dare not stand aside and permit India to be lost; w must insist that both sides stop using violence and agree to negotiate." But Indians do not trust the leaders of Britain and Britain's leaders dp not trust the heads of Indian nationalism, Schuman continued, and it is folly to expect agreement now between them. He insisted that it is a problem for the United Nations, "the only hope of saving India for our cause." "We in America can and should ask our Government to propose publicly to our Allies in Britain, India, China and Russia, the establishment of a United Nations tribunal to work out, within a definite time limit, a plan for a provisional and responsible war government for India within 'the framework of the British commonwealth and the United Nations," he asserted. "The principal United Nations and the principal Indian political groups must be represented on such a tribunal. Its chairman, I think, should be American Henry A. Wallace or Wendell Willkie (here the applause was tremen dous). Indian Congress must call off its disobedience campaign. Recommendations of the tribunal must be binding for the duration of the war. In the words of Woodrow Wil son, as applied to Russia in 1918: "The treatment accorded to India by her sister nations in the months to come will be the acid test of their good will, of their comprehension of her needs as distinguished from their own interests, and of their intelligent and unselfish sympathy." Denies Wanting Japs. In response to a question from the audience, Singh asserted that; it was untrue that the Indian Congress had ever expressed a desire for a Japanese victory, and quoted Gandhi as saying that Indians were more interested in keeping Japanese out of India than Englishmen. He was greeted with applause but Polak quickly responded with a quotation from Gandhi saying he was willing to negotiate with Hitler or Hirohito, adding another quote from Nehru, India Congress leader, to the effect that the Allies could not win the 'war. "I've never seen it," Singh said. "Well, you missed that one," Polak replied. Schuman interrupted at this point to say that the only answer was a United Nations tribunal and evoked applause from the audience and Singh. Polak responded that a tribunal was unnecessary, that if the Indian leaders would get together and decide on a government that "we (the British) will get out." Heatedly Singh replied: "They Continued on Next Page. Leaving for Army Must Sell or Rent Before Oct. 19 MY HOME B-room btlniralow In Richmond Height. One of the bftt-bnllt home in this arcs. Exqulftltely finished Interior with or without the FURNISHINGS Each earefally selected Item will be appreciated by people of good taste. Sell separately. $2500 MINK COAT Worn only 5 times. Sixe 14, opera type sleeves, price $1000. 2035 HIAWATHA STerUng 3084 MIS SOSGfiJ You must your best to your best GLASSES ON CREDIT PAY ONLY 50c A WEEK V 1 H ! ill VO1 fc U l 'm ; 1 11 number o Vjfxor qu.Wy. 1 120 CALIFORNIA JF0Kp I FULL FIFTH ' fM&J . 1 1 Your choice of Port, Sherry, To- t N kay, Muscatel. Claret. 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