St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on January 3, 1950 · Page 1
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 1

St. Louis, Missouri
Issue Date:
Tuesday, January 3, 1950
Page 1
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1 F I N AL ON TODAY'S EDITORIAL PAGE The New Dictators: Editorial. Louis Nolte: Editorial. f "Good Morning, Neighbor": Cartoon. Vol. 102. No. 112. (72nd Year). ST. LOUIS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 3, 195038 PAGES PRICE 5 CENTS ST.L F ST- D- S PATC H SMALL TORNADO ES13 PARTOFCOUNTY Two Children Reported Slightly Injured - 25 Other Homes Damaged Twister Leaps to Hartford, 111. At least 13 homes in northern St. Louis county were demolished and 25 others badly damaged today by a small tornado, which then skipped across the Mississippi river to the Illinois side and damaged homes and buildings at Hartford in Madison county. Two children were reported slightly injured in St. Louis county. The tornado was a forerunner of a cold wave expected to reach St. Louis tonight. The storm was V accompanied by a sharp temperature drop in St. Louis, from an unseasonably high 68 at 11 a.m. to 46 at 3 p.m. Heavy rain fell in the downtown area, accompanied ,by high winds. 10 Homes Razed. Ten homes were leveled and 23, damaged on Twillman avenuej east of Bellefontaine road, in the Spanish Lake area. St. Louis county. On Larimore road, near Trampe road, three houses were down and 12 to 15 damaged. The children injured were Evelyn Meyer, 14 years old, and James Krehmeyer, 13, both living in the Spanish Lake area. The Krehmeyer boy was treated at Christian Hospital for cuts and released. Tha two-story rrame home of Leonard Coleman, 31 Larimore, was moved about 25 feet off its foundation and across a yard while six persons were within. Other houses badly damaged in the vicinity were those of James Carrico and Frank Krueger. the home demolished on Twillman were those of Irvin Litzinger, Pete" Seifert, Wilbert Khermeyer, Arthur Adams, Herman Juerges, Mrs. Lena Anendell and Monroe C. Roever. Mrs. Roever. making a dash for the basement, had just started down the stairs when the house was blown off'its foundation. She was 'uninjured. Telephone and electric wires were down on both sides of the river. About 100 telephones in the Spanish Lake area were put out of order when a power line fell on a telephone cable at Larimore and Bellefontaine. Creek Blocks Traffic. Coldwater creek rose above its banks and blocked traffic on Lindbergh boulevard at Lambert- St. Louis Airport, marooning several automobiles. Other motorists were forced to detour. River dps Peres also threatened to over flow its banks in some parts of the county because of the heavy rein. Union Electric Co. reported a steel tower at Hartford, support Ing cables which carry power from Keokuk dam, had blown down, and that two 'substations in St. Louis county, one at Span ish Lake and one at Fort Bellefontaine. had been put out of service by the storm. In Hartford, homes built by two young veterans within the last year were demolished. One was "the three-room frame residence of Claude Inlow, a fireman for Standard Oil Co., at 114 East Fourth street and the other was the nearby frame home of Jack Cunningham, , employed at Shell Oil Co. refinery. Neither family was home at the time. Mrs. Robert Bouchet, 137 East Fourth street. Hartford, told a Tost-Dispatch reporter she and her daughter, Louise, 18. were in the kitchen of their home when they heard "a terrible roar." Mrs. Bouchet. recalling the tornado that struck Hartford last spring, looked out the window toward the southwest. Saw Dark Cloud. "I saw a dark cloud." she said. "It looked almost like heavy smoke moving our way. We ran to the basement." The Bouchet home was badly damaged, as were .t least 10 others in Hartford. Damage to two buildings at the Shell Oil Co. refinery at Roxana also was reported. The storm struck and damaged a large farmhouse south of Hartford and uprooted large trees which fell across United States Highway 67, partially blocking traffic. As it headed northeast toward Roxana. the wind took the roof off a tavern known as "Roxy Inn" on Old Edwardsville road. Two runways at Lambert Field were closed temporarily by water after rain of near-cloud-burst proportions. Meanwhile, the Weather Bureau forecast an end to the springlike weather here, with a cold wave tonight, bringing freezing rain, snow and sleet and a drop of at least 45 degrees in temperature. A low of 20 degrees was expected by tomorrow morning and a 'high of 25 tomorrow afternoon. The freezing rain likely would cause icing conditions in this area and throughout the state, the Weather Bureau said. The State Highway Patrol warned motorists to stay off the highways. The cold wave, worst of the season in northwestern United States, moving slowly east and south out of Canada already has brought near-zero temperatures to western and northwestern Missouri. It was 13 above this morning at Kansas City, with snow and ieet falling, and 10 above in St. Joseph. DEMOLISH HOmES IN NORTH Tornado-Wrecked Homes at I '-. ' . k i.adr-'v warn Xl . ml f- . 7i- ri:-. z-Ji j - . J By a Post-Dispatch Staff Photographer. Wreckage of frame homes on Twillman avenue, in St. Louis county a mile south of Spanish Lake, which were demolished by a tornado that swept the northern section of the county today. (Additional picture in Everyday Magazine.) Crime Capital Miami Beach Ready To Reopen Gaming Under; Costello Multi - Million - Dollar Industry Prepares to Start Again Control Fight Settled. By THEODORE C. LINK i Staff Correspondent of the jPost-Dispatch. MIAMI BEACH, Fla., Jan. 3 This famous resort city, now also the crime capital of the United States and haven for hoodlums from all over tne country, is get-tins readv to reopen its multi- million dollar gambling industry with a new boss in control, r ranK Costello, "prime minister of the underworld." investigation by the Pest-Dispatch has revealed. Costello's emissary, Meyer Lansky, New York gambler and boss of eambline in urowara county, just north of here, settled a bitter struggle between two crime syndicates which were contesting for control of the rich gambling industry here. Not Sure of Co-operation. For the first time in a dozen years, however, the gamblers are not sure 01 iuii co-upernu from public officials in Dade county and in the two principal cities, Miami and Miami Beach. For that reason, handbooks in the beach hotels and gambling casinos throughout the county have not all reopened fully, and the tourist season is about to enter its peak period. , Police and law-enforcement officers have been interested spectators in the struggle among the gambling syndicates for control of Miami Beach. It is estimated the payoff to police and public officials in Miami Beach from the syndicates is about $1,000,000 a year. Across the bay in Miami, vice squad members used to collect $720,000 a year, which they divided with politicians. The public official apparently most responsible for the continuing delay in the reopening of gambling is Miami Beach City Councilman Melvin J. Richard, who was elected last June. Since his election, gambling on the Beach has been shut down oftener than it has been open. Richard, 37-year-old lawyer and a Navy veteran, said, after he took office: "More notorious national criminals live in Miami Beach than in any other city of this size in the United States. The criminal scum of the country is attracted here. Wide-open Miami Beach existed only bV the approval of public officials. It is inconceivable that this could have been the case without money changing- hands." High stakes were Involved in the competition between the powerful national syndicates for control of gambling, horse-race betting, the numbers racket and other enterprises. Miami Beach is regarded as the richest single plum in the world for horse-race betting, with a total of $50,000,000 bet in a single year from handbooks in the hotels and in other bookshJp s. Besides the horse-race wagering, casinos in Dade county normally offer chuck-a-luck, dice, poker and other pastimes. Costello's representative, Lansky, brought about peace between the S & G syndicate and the "Little Syndicate" here by ruling that the Costello-New York group would take a 30 per cent "cut" from the earnings of both syndicates. The Costello group already Continued on Pajre 4. Column 3. Gigi Durston, Sister and Mother Visit Mrs. Roosevelt and Elliott NEW YORK, Jan. 3 (AP) The Durstons mother and two actress daughters were holiday guests of Mrs. Franklin D. Roosevelt and her son Elliott. Mrs Gladys Durston said today that she and her daughters Gcorgeanne (Gigi) and Edith had visited the Roosevelts at Hyde Park, N.Y., several times during the Christmas season. The name of Georgeanne has been linked romantically with El HOLIDAY'S VIOLENT DEATH TOLL 424; AUTO NO. 1 KILLER 269 Lose Lives in Traffic Ac cidents 61 Fewer Than Predicted. CHICAGO, Jan. 3 (AP) The New Year's holiday violent death toll in the nation .reached 424, but was a sharp drop compared to the Christmas weekend total of 580. The survey covered a period from 6 p.m. last Friday to mid night Monday. Traffic took 269 lives, 61 below the 330 predicted by the National Safety Council. In the two-day 1949 New Year's holiday there were 309 violent accidental deaths, including 207 traffic fatalities. The " council's prediction followed the heavy toll on the highways the previous week 413 traffic fatalities. (A United Press tabulation reported 401 deaths in accidents for the New Year's weekend 246 killed in traffic. For the Christmas holiday the United Press reported 611 deaths 420 on the highways.) Missouri reported nine fatal accidents, six on the highways. Illinois had 2a deaths, 18 of them traffic fatalities. BOYS ADMIT TAKING LOOT VALUED AT $300 FROM AUTOS, HOMES Nine house burglaries, thefts from 10 automobiles and one pursesnatching were solved today by the admissions of four boys, 12 to 15 years of age, who took a large quantity of loot valued at about $300. Some of the articles, which included flashlights, hunting knives, guns, inexpensive jewelry and other items, were taken from around Christmas trees in homes. . A new rule put into effect for admission to membership in the boys' "club" led to their undoing. Each applicant was required to steal a purse before admission. In attempting to qualify, one boy grabbed the purse of Mrs. Sally Robert, a City Hospital nurse, in the 1200 block of Park 'avenue Special Officers Edward Owens and William Fricke, sent to scene, questioned a boy who was passing on a bicycle. The boy said his brother had taken Mrs. Roberts's purse. Most of the loot was found in a shed in the 1300 block of South Fourteenth street. 962,000 DECLINE IN JOBHOLDERS FOR DECEMBER WASHINGTON, Jan. 3 (AP) The Census Bureau reported today that the number of Ameri cans with regular jobs dropped 962,000 in December. It said the reduction was due to the slowdown in farm operations with the onset of winter. Non-farm employment in creased 143,000 to a total of 51,- 783,000. An increase in part-time holiday-season jobs offset declines in construction and other lines which contract during win ter. Farm employment was down 1,-105.C00, leaving the net decline of 962,000. The bureau figured unemployment increased only 80,000 to a total of 3,489,000 because the farm residents who were temporarily out of work simply withdrew from the job-hunting ranks for the off season. liott's. Elliott and his third wife, actress Faye Emerson, separated several months ago. Faye said recently she had no immediate plans to obtain a divorce. Gigi recently finished a six-month singing engagement on a C.B.S. television show and also a series of appearances at the Pent-houJfe Club, Manhattan night spot. Previously Roosevelt was married to Ruth Goo gins of Fort Worth, Tex., and Elizabeth Don-ner of Philadelphia. Spanish Lake MOST OF HW CLOSED BY STRIKE 11,500 of Lewis's Men in Shafts Not Covered by New Contract Are Out 5000 at Work. About 11,500 Illinois coal miners went on strike today "in protest against the failure of most of the operators to sign new contracts with the United Mine Workers' Union," Hugh White, president of the union's District 12 (Illinois), told the Post-Dispatch today. He said the strike would continue until next Monday when the miners would resume the three-day work week. White said about 25 or 30 mines in the state, employing about 5000 men, were iri full operation today. These were mines whose owners have signed new contracts with the UMW, White said. About 125 to 150 mines in the state were closed by the sudden walkout. White said he discussed the walkout with John L. Lewis, president of the UMW, and "decided it was advisable" to order the men back to work next Monday. Lewis in Springfield, HI. Lewis is in Springfield visiting his mother. He declined to com' ment on the strike. A spokesman for the Illinois Coal Operators Association in Chicago told the Post-Dispatch that Lewis apparently was "put ting on pressure" area by area to gam new contracts for his men Today's strike took place only in Illinois and on a limited scale in Indiana. Elsewhere in the United States, miners were at work. The operators' spokesman said mine owners producing only 2 per cent of the Illinois output had signed new contracts with Lewis, adding that Lewis had been able to accomplish little in his efforts to get higher pay for his men. Widespread Walkout Rumored. Over the holiday weekend, there were reports that UMW members were on the verge of a large-scale walkout. But only in Illinois and Indiana did they fail to report for work. In Indiana, only two mines were closed. About 8500 Illinois members of the Progressive Mine Workers union were not affected by the dispute and remained at work. The UMW has been without a nation-wide soft coal contract since last June, when the operators turned down Lewis's demands for a 95-cent daily wage boost and a 15-cent-a-ton increase in welfare fund royalties. Mines which have signed new contracts with Lewis pay their workers $15 a day and contribute 35 cents a ton to the union welfare fund. The holdout companies pay $14.05 a day and contribute 20 cents a ton to the fund. One St. Clair Mine Closed. In St. Clair county, Illinois, one UMW mine was closed and one was open today. The closed mine was the Green Diamond, near Continued on Pag;e 8, Column 2. BARKLEY PRESIDES AT SENATE OPENING AS BRIDE LOOKS ON (Picture in Everyday Maraxine.) WASHINGTON. Jan. 3 (AP) Vice President Barkley presided over the opening of the Senate today with his bride of a little more than six weeks, the former Mrs. Carleton S. Hadley of St. Louis, looking on from the gallery. At Louisville, Ky Mrs. Barkley told reporters yesterday that the honeymoon "shows no signs of being over, but the Vice President may speak of politics after today." ' Barkley said too he expects the honeymoon to last at least 33 more years. Said the 72-year-old Barkley: "I plan to live to be 105. I originally planned to live to be 100, but a fortune teller in Egypt gave me five more years. I gave her $2. I would give anyone $2 Tor five more years especially cow." Mrs. Barkley is 33. MINES III ILLINOIS DETECTIVES KILL AFTER HE AND TAKES PISTOL Suspect Shot to Death When He Ignores Command and Advances Toward Officers With Drawn Revolver. (Pictures on Page 3A.) Clarence R. Williams, 21 years old, a Negro, was shot and killed by detectives shortly after he had held up and disarmed a policeman early today. Patrolman Edward Pepmiller of Central District had called headquarters at 12:36 a.m., reporting he had been robbed by a Negro who came up behind him as he was inspecting a build ing at Second and Poplar streets. The robber, who had a pistol, forced the police officer to hand over his service revolver and then took two $20 bills from Pepmiller's wallet. After reir.oving the bullets from the officer's revolver and throwing the weapon in a clump of weeds.,' the robber ran west on Poplar. A short distance away, Patrolman John Beck, who ,was walking his beat and was unaware of - the holdup, saw the fleeing man and ordered him to stop. The Negro continued running but fired twice, at the police officer, who returned the fire. Police Cars Gather. In the meantime, the alarm had gone out as the result of Pepmiller's call and police cars began rushing to the scene. Bennie Borjas, a Terminal Railroad Co. crossing watchman, said he saw a Negro run into a lot, used for storing scrap metals, at Sixth and Poplar. Detective Sgt. Lyman Davis and Detective Ernest Paluczak, who were in one car, and Police Sgt. Emmett Hahn, Cpl. Palmer Krueger and4 Patrolman John Soeilman. in another car, con verged on the lot. Sgt. Hahn parked his automobile so that its headlights would shine into the section where the robber was be lieved hiding. The two detectives, with flash lights and drawn revolvers, went around to the alley and entered the lot from the rear. They had advanced only a short distance, they reported, when they saw Williams emerge from a pile of metal and walk toward them. Ordered to Drop Pistol. Noting that he held a pistol, the detectives ordered him to drop the weapon. Instead of complying, they reported, he raised the pistol in a menacing manner. Davis and Paluczak fired seven shots point-blank at close range. Williams, shot three times in the chest, was dead on arrival at Homer G. Phillips Hospital. In the dead man's pocket were two $20 bills. Pepmiller identified Williams as the man who took his money and revolver. The address of Williams was listed in i the 1400 block of Papin street. Police said he had been arrested several times for investigation. Cold Wave THE TEMPERATURES. 1 a n. 2 a.m. 3 a.m. 4 a.m. 5 a.m. 6 a.m. 7 a.m. t 8 a.m. Unofficial MAN ROBS POLICEMAN 61 9 a.m. 63 61 10 a.m. 66 63 11 a.m. 68 64 12 noon 66 63 1 p.m. 57 59 2 p.m. 50 59 p.m. 46 60 4 p.m. 44 Normal maximum this date. 39: norma! minimum. 24. Yesterday's hi eh. 63 at 4 D. m. : low. 52 at 12.01 a.m. Weather la Other Cities, Page 3A, Col. 1 Official fore cast for St. Louis Now foc and vicinitj: Cloudy tonight and tomorrow with occasional Washington bOWT GAME. freezing: rain or sleet early to night, changing to snow late to-nig-ht; much colder late to night and tomorrow, with a cold wave and a temperature of 20 tomorrow morn ing; highest to morrow afternoon about 25; strong northerly to northeasterly winds late to POST.OISPATCH WEATHERIIRO night and tomorrow. Missouri: Cold wave in west and north this afternoon, spreading into central portion tonight and over rest of state tomorrow; sleet, freezing rain and snow in north and extreme west this afternoon, spreading southeast over rest of state tomorrow, except changing to snow in northwest tonight and in southeast tomorrow ight; highest today 10 in northwest to 65 to 70 in southeast; lowest tonight 0 to 5 northwest to near 50 extreme southeast; highest tomorrow 5 to 10 in north, 30 to 35 in extreme southeast; considerable glaring preceding change to snow over most of state. Illinois: Rain In extreme south and rain changing to snow and turning colder in north and central portions tonight; freezing rain or sleet in northwest this afternoon and early tonight; tomorrow snow and much colder with falling temperatures during the day; lowest tonight 10 in northwest to 40 in southeast. Sunset 4:52; sunrise (tomorrow), 7:20. Stage of the Mississippi at St. Louis, 7.1 feet, a rise of 0.9; the Missouri at St. Charles, 11.3 feet, a rise of 0.2. IAH WMtber data. incMding fnrerist tb-prxatarts supplied b C. S. Wea&er EureaiL) CONGRESS SEES DEMOCRATIC LEADERS 0NSTA TE - U.S. ANTICIPATES THE LOSS OF FORMOSA; ATTACHES TOLD State Department Document Said to Seek Change of Impression That Island Is Strategically Valuable. (Related story on Pa?e 2 A.) By EARNEST HOBERECHT TOKYO, Jan. 3 (UP) The United States State Department has notified its attaches that the loss of Formosa, island refuge of the Chinese Nationalists, to the Communists was to be anticipated. The department said the public must be sold on the idea that the island is of no strategic value, to prevent the loss of prestige at home and abroad. A document containing the de partment's instructions on how to erase the "false impressions" of those interested in a "save For mosa" drive has been circulated here, it can be disclosed today. Document Dated Dec. 23. The document was prepared by the State Department's public affairs policy advisory staff, and was dated Dec. 23. The word was sent to members of the de partment and of some other Government offices. The document said there are "pro-Nationalists (principally in Man Who Had White House Pass Accused of Lying to Senators in 5 Percenter Inquiry. (Picture on Paye 2A.) WASHINGTON, Jan 3 (AP) John Maragon. former Kansas City bootblack who later had a pass to the White House, was indicted today on four charges of lying to Senate investigators. He posted $2000 bond pending arraignment Friday. If convicted by a jury on the charges, Maragon would be liable to possible penalties of 40 years in prison two to 10 years on each count. Charges Listed. A federal grand jury accused Maragon of perjury in: 1. Saying his only bank account in 1945 and 1946 was in the Union Trust Co. in Washington. 2. Testifying that from 1945 until July 1949, "he did not negotiate any Government business and did- not receive any money for negotiating Government business or for any work done by him in connection with the Government." 3. Stating he .was not employed by anyone else when he took a job- with the State Department on a mission to Greece. 4. Saying he borrowed S5000 from his mother-in-law in 1949. Five Percenter Inquiry. The charges are all based on testimony that Maragon gave last July 23 to a Senate committee. The committee was looking into activities of men who offered, for a fee that frequently was 5 per cent, to land Government contracts for business men. Maragon denied under oath In .secret testimony that he ever was paid for arranging business deals with the Government. Other witnesses said they paid him money. There was testimony also that Marapron at times represented himself as acting for Maj. Gen. Harry Vaughan of St. Louis, President Truman's military aide. Vaushan testified at the Senate committee's hearings that Maragon never had represented him. Vaughan acknowledged, however, that Maragon had been a friend of his Vauphan called him a "lovable fellow and had been in and out of the White House frequently in the years in question. Maragon refused to answer questions when the committee put him on its witness stand at a public hearing. Carmine S. Bellino, accountant for the investigating committee, said Maragon reported his income was about $30,000 in a five-year period in which he banked about $12,000.- I0HN MARAGON INDICTED ON FOUR PERJURY COUNTS Flight to New York Show, Back For Breakfast, Offered in Miami NEW YORK, Jan. 3 (UP) A chartered airline offered today to fly Miami (Fla.) residents to New York for a Broadway show and dinner and take them home again in time for breakfast. The Columbia Air Coach System said the overnight theater flight including limousine service, plane fare and tickets to a hit OPENS, TRUMAN 0F - UNI0N the; United States) who consider Formosa a redoubt in which the government could survive, and who tend to create an impression that the United States is delinquent if it fails to 'save Formosa.' " It said there are groups in the United States "who are inclined to be critical of the United States for failure to act to prevent the loss of the island to the Communists." This is "largely because of a mistaken popular conception of its strategic importance to United States defense in the Pacific," the document added. "The loss of the island is widely anticipated, and the manner in which civil and military conditions there have deteriorated under the Nationalists adds weight to the expfation," it said. The fall of Formosa, it continued, would threaten a loss of prestige by the United States at home and abroad "to the extent that we have become committed in the public mind to hold it." P.S. CO. LAYOFF OF 100 ASSAILED AS 'RETALIATION Union Says Dismissal of Extras Was Result of Its Rejection of Wage Offer. The layoff of 100 extra bus and streetcar operators by the Public Service , Co. today brought an immediate protest by the opera tors' union that the action was "100 per cent retaliation" for re jection by the union of a com pany wage offer last Friday. About 50 operators received their layoff notices when they reported at division points this morning and a company an nouncement said about 100 would be dropped to bring the ratio of extra men to regular operators to "normal." The layoffs will be completed within several days, the company said. Arthur E. East, president of Local 788, AFL Street Electric Railway and Motor Coach Operators, termed the company action "the worst kind of chicanery. 100 per cent retaliation." East said the company gave no advance notice of the layoffs and union officers learned of the action when the dismissed extra men appeared at union offices this morning. Protest to Be Made. "We plan an immediate and most vigorous protest against this action," East declared. "There is no reason for the company action, as the extra men are paid only for time worked, and their retention costs the company no money. This is an underhanded action and we intend to protest to the utmost." The company and the union are scheduled to meet today with Vance Julian, chairman of the State Mediation Board to discuss arbitration of a new wage contract. The company announcement said the men dismissed represented a surplus of extra operators. The company has been carrying 400 extra men as substitutes for 2100 regular men, a ratio of five to one. Normal ratio is seven to one, the company said, and the normal separation rate of extra men in the last nine months has reached an all-time low of one half of 1 per cent. It is now necessary, the company asserted, to reduce the force by layoffs in view of the low separation turnover and the rejection of the company's wage proposal, which included a 40-hour work, week. Company's Statement. A company spokesman said it was deemed "unlikely" that the regular operators would vote for a 40-hour week, and the layoffs will assure a living wage for the extra men retained.- "We would be unable to keep a good extra force unless there was enough work to assure good weekly pay checks," the spokesman said. Extra men receive the basic wage Continuftl on Fare 3, Column & show will cost $50 a person, plus tax of about $10. The airline said the show plane, a four-engine stratoliner, would leave Miami at 2 p.m. and arrive at La Guardia air field in time for the theater. Passengers would have two hours for dinner after the show and then be flown back to Miftmi, arriving at about 7 a.m. MESSAGE GROUP EXPRESSES Rayburn Says He 'Never Saw Country in Better Shape' Special Tax Message Also to Be Sent Soon. WASHINGTON. Jan. 3 fAP) Congress, with one eye already cocked to next fall's elections, convened today for its second round of battling over President Truman's "Fair Deal." Today's assembly was mostly a formality. The real kickoff for the second session of the Eighty-first Congress will come tomorrow when Truman will tell the Con gressmen what he expects from them in his State of the Union address to a joint Senate-House session. All major radio and television networks will carry the speech (at about noon St. Louis time). At a White House meeting which ended shortly before Con gress met, Truman gave his congressional high command an advance look at the message. They also went over his economic message, which he will send to the Capitol Friday, and his budget message, due Monday. Party Leaders Enthusiastic. Emerging from the one hour and five minute conference, the Democratic leaders expressed enthusiasm over the President's plans. Speaker Rayburn of Texas told reporters: "It looks like the country is in pretty good shape I never saw it in better shape." Others who sat in on the conference were Vice President Barkley, Senate Democratic Leader Lucas of Illinois, and House Democratic Leader McCormack of Massachusetts. Among rank-and-file legislators, most of the talk was about taxes. Some particularly the Republicans were saying a lot, too, about cutting expenditures. Republican House Leader Martin of Massachusetts announced creation of a special G.O.P. committee to keep tab on the Presi dent s "Fair Deal" spending. Martin named it the "price tag committee" and said its job would ba just what its name implied to put price tags on Administration spending proposals which "have reached a height detrimental to the welfare of the country." Tax Picture Confused. On taxes, the situation apparently is that everybody would like to see them lower but few are sure just where and how they can be cut without putting the Government deeper into the red. itayburn said he had suggested to .iruman a single nackase" over-all tax bill, cutting levies "where they pinch" and finding revenue in other places to make up any loss. Those who should know say Truman is planning to tell Congress he is ready to drop most of the wartime excise levies provided Congress will, vote new taxes to offset their loss and to cut down the deficit anticipated for the year starting July 1. White House officials confirmed today that Truman will send a special tax message to Congress soon, following up his State of the Union, economic and budget message. All of those will deal with his tax program in a general way. The tax message will spell out the details. G. O. P. Statement Planned. Emphasizing the political overtones of the 195Q session was a meeting of the Senate Republican policy committee which agreed informally to work with House members and the Republican National Committee in drafting a statement of party principles. Senator Taft of Ohio, policy committee chairman, said the final decision will be made by a conference of Senate Republicans later. Taft told reporters there was opposition in the policy committee to drafting the statement, but, he added: "So many of our party have said they will go along with the plan that we can't very well say we won't do it." Earlier this morning, the President joined Congress members in opening day prayers at the National Presbyterian Church. He left the Blair House at 7:45 o'clock to attend the service which is held on the day of every congressional opening. To Press for Program. ' The State of the Union message is expected to call for virtually all of those sections of the Truman program which Congress shelved last year. These include three which are expected to get no place this year repeal of the Taft-Hartley law, the farm program of Secretary of Agriculture Brannan, and national health insurance. A White House official discussing the forthcoming message said: "There isn't any change, but Continued on Pare 6, Column 4. ENTHUSIASM ALSO OVER ECONOMIC, BUDGET REPORTS I ,1 'A.

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