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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri • Page 1
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri • Page 1

St. Louis, Missouri
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TODAYS SI iBlPTOI I NAL NEWS iy TODAY The Only Evening Newspaper in St. Louis With the Associated Press News Service ST. LOU'S mi ok (Closing New York Stock Prices) VOL" 88. NO. 145. ST. LOUIS, TUESDAY, JANUARY 28, 1936-30 PAGES. PRICE 3 CENTS. IT A LONDON WALLACE RENEWS M0RR0 CASTLE OFFICERS SENTENCED TO PRISON KING GEORGE BURIED AT WINDSOR; GREAT CROWDS VIEW PROCESSION IB, MURDERER I BOBBY FRANKS, KILLED IN PRISON ATTACK 1 Chief Engineer Gets Four Acting Captain Two for Negligence Line Fined $10,000, Executive $5000. Kings in Funeral Procession of George BODY COMMITTED 1 Life-Termer Fatally Slashed With Razor by Another 1 Convict in Joliet Peni tentiary. WARDEN REPORTS THEY HAD A FIGHT Victim, With Gashes in His Shoulder, Neck and in Abdomen, Dies in Prison Hospital. (y the Associated Press. JOLIET, 111, Jan. 28. Richard Loeb, 29 years old, serving 99-year and life sentences for the murder of Bobby Franks in Chicago, was tilled by another convict, James Day. Day slashed Loeb with a razor. Loeb died in the prison hospital at 3:05 p. shortly after he was slashed. He was cut in the neck, shoulder and abdomen. Warden Joseph Ragen said Loeb was supervising Day and two other I test ,,1 CisAEv vS I yr Cf? I IL i 4 i 45 vo ii in-' By the Associated Press. NEW YORK, Jan. 28. United States District Judge Murray Hul-bert today sentenced Even S. Abbott, chief engineer of the liner Morrft Castle, to four years in prison and William F. Warms, acting captain, to two years. They were convicted of criminal negligence in connection with the burning of the ship Sept 8, 1934, with a loss of 124 lives. Henry E. Cabaud, executive vice-president of the New York Cuba Mail Steamship Co. (Ward Line), operators of the vessel, was given a suspended sentence of one, year, and fined $5000. He was paroled pending payment of the fine. The company was fined the maximum of $10,000. Judge's Comment. "My regret," the Judge said as the men stood before him for sentence, "is so far as the defendant corporation is concerned that the statute provides only the limited sentence it does." The Judge's commentary rebuked the mercantile marine as a whole on disciplinary grounds. Particularly it criticised the maneuvering of the ship into the wind in such fashion as to sweep the after decks with flame, as passengers huddled there trying to gain the lifeboats. Judge Hulbert remarked it was the first time a steamship corporation and an executive officer of a steamship corporation had been sentenced in a sea disaster. He criticised the failure to hold regular safety drills, and the abandonment of the ship by its crew. Abbott misdirected passengers, Judge Hulbert said. "Apparently he took very little part in directing the men at the oars" of the life boat into which he got, he continued. "Abbott testified." he said, "he was in such a condition that he was unable to perform his duties in the lifeboat. The jury didn't believe that Neither did Warms Stuck to Ship. As for Warms, who became the skipper after the death the night before the fire of Capt. Robert R. Willmott, the Judge said he admired him for observing the tradition of the sea in "sticking to his ship until ordered off." Cabaud, said the Court, had direct knowledge that regulations provided by Congress were being ignored on two occasions in vessel operation. Arc Associated Press Wirephoto. nOLLOWING the gun carriage which bore the body of the late King of England to the funeral train in London today, were rulers of many European countries. From left to right: Front row EARL OF HAREWOOD (brother-in-law of Edward VIII); KING HAAKON of Norway; PRINCE OLAF of Norway, and EARL OF ATHLON Mary's brother). Second row KING CAROL of Rumania; KING CHRISTIAN of Denmark' and ALBERT LEBRUN, President of France. Third row KING LEOPOLD of the Belgians, and KING BORIS of Bulgaria. AUTHORIZED STRIKE room to be used as headquarters for the prison correspondence school, managed by Loeb and his companion in the Franks killing, Nathan Leopold. "Evidently Loeb and Day got into a fight," the Warden said. Loeb, Day and two other convicts went to the room after lunch. Suddenly the prison quiet was broken by the sounds of a heated struggle and then Loeb's screams. Guard Captains James Humphrey and J. 0. Johnson rushed in. With some 1 difficulty thev Dulled Dav off Loeb. JIk razor was in Day's hand. The razor had disappeared last night from the barber shop where convicts are shaved. Day declined to discuss his motive. Day is serving a sentence for larceny. He was sentenced Feb. 9, 1331, to the reformatory at Pontiac but was moved to the Stateville prison here Aug. 17, 1934. He is 28 years old. Loeb's jugular vein was severed If on of the cuts, and he was un-toascious except for a few seconds ntil his death. Only once did he arouse himself in the two hours that followed th estabbing. He said to Warden Ragen: "I'll make it" Loeb's brother, Ernest, of Chi- Lpeb was attended by his family physician, a member of the staff nf the Michael Reese Hospital in Chicago, in addition to the prison doctor. Leopold, then 20, and Loeb, 19, tudents at the University of Chisago; on May 21, 1924, lured Bobbie Franks, 14, into an automobile hen the boy was on his way home from schooL The next day his mutilated body was found in a culvert near the Indiana-Illinois State line. XT. naa Dene Diuageonea witn a taped chisel and strangled. As the AAA DECISION Thinks "Spirit of the Preamble" Should Govern the Determination of Constitutional Questions. HE CALLS REFUND 'LEGALIZED STEAL' Compares 1929 Cotton Mills Profits of With $51,000,000 to Be Returned. By the Associated Press. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. Contending "this is probably the greatest legalized steal in American history," Secretary of Agriculture Wallace today renewed his attack on the Supreme Court's decision refunding $200,000,000 AAA taxes to processors. Wallace, in a radio address over a national network, cited profit figures of various processors to show the large returns they would obtain. "In the Hoosac Mills case," Wallace said, "the Supreme Court disapproved the idea that the Government could take money from one group for the benefit of another. Yet in turning over to the processors this $200,000,000 which came from all the people, we are seeing the most flagrant example of expropriation for the benefit of one small group. This is probably the greatest legalized steal in American history. "You will get some idea of its size when you contrast these refunds with the profits of the processors in their most prosperous years. Cotton mills reported profits of $30,000,000 in 1929; their processing tax refunds amount to on cotton. Flour mills reported profits of about $20,000,000 on their wheat flour business in 1929; their processing tax refunds amount to $67,000,000. Profits of Packers. "Packers' profits on their hog business in 1929 were in the neighborhood of their tax refunds are $51,000,000. One of the largest packers had total profits of $14,000,000 last year. If half of this came from the firm's hog business, as is likely, that profit, $7,000,000, is only about half the $13,000,000 processing tax refunds to the one corporation." Wallace said "it is a shame that because of legalist theories, divorced from economic realities and social justice, the court should have created such an embarrassing situation for farmers, consumers, processors and the Government." The Secretary added: "The problem now is to discover the best way out of this situation. Not in any vindictive spirit, but in the spirit so clearly shown in the preamble of the Constitution to 'establish Above everything, it seems to me that the essential spirit of the Constitution is to promote the general welfare." Reads Parts of Letters. Wallace read excerpts from several letters he received after his attack on the court's ruling last week, some of them praising his opinion and others criticising him sharply. One writer reminded Wallace he had sworn to support the Constitution and suggested he should fully acquaint himself with its requirements. "In answer to this," Wallace said, "let me first say with the utmost emphasis that I not only am familiar with the'Constitution of the United States, but that I believe as did the minority in the Hoosac Mills case that the Constitution means what it says. "In fact, it would be an excellent thing for us all, including lawyers on or off the bench, to apply to every provision of the Constitution the great spirit of its preamble. View of the Layman. "It does not seem to me that the objective of the preamble to 'establish justice' is met by a court order which gives to a handful of corporations money which is not rightfully theirs. To the mind trained in legalism, this may be all right; but to the layman it doesn't make sense. "This money, somewhere between $180,000,000 and $200,000,000, had already been collected from the public as processing taxes. The processors did not bear the tax; they passed it on to the consumer in the form of higher prices, or, as the packers contended in the case of hogs, back to the farmer in the form of lower hog prices. "Congress was aware of that, and last summer decreed that no processor was entitled to a refund unless he could prove he had absorbed the tax himself. This point, however, the Supreme Court ignored when it decided the rice millers' case Jan. 13." TO ST. GEORGE'S Edward VIII Sprinkles Earth From Silver Urn on Father's Coffin as It Descends Into Crypt of Great Britain's Kings. MANY FAINT AS CORTEGE PASSES Arrival at Castle Delayed 33 Minutes by Throng Lining 4 1-2-Mile Route in London Nation Observes Period of Silence. (Copyright, 1936, by the Associated Press.) WINDSOR, England, Jan. 28. The long funeral journey of King George ended today when the body was placed in the royal vault of St George's Chapel, the burial crypt of Great Britain's Kings. A simple burial service completed the long ceremonial that began with the removal of the body from Westminster Hall in London. Tens of thousands of spectators massed along the route paid their last respects to the dead King. The body arrived at Windsor at 1:08 p. 33 minutes later than scheduled. The mourning crowds in London had delayed the passage of the cortege. The nation paused for two minutes of silence at 1:30 p. the time the coffin was to have been lowered into the crypt, but the delay made the time of actual burial later. From London, the King's body was brought by railroad train to Windsor. It was estimated that 100,000 persons were assembled along the mile-and-a-half route from the Windsor railroad station to St. George'a Chapel. An honor guard carried the coffin from the train over a scarlet carpet to a gun carriage waiting at the station door. Then the procession started its journey up the hill to Windsor Castle. The bell of Curfew Tower tolled across the ancient battlements of the royal palace. Sons Walk Behind Coffin. The new King, Edward VIII, and his three brothers, for the second time today, fell in behind their father's coffin to walk in procession. They were preceded in the cortege by the widowed Queen Mary, who rode in a carriage drawn by Windsor grays. The notes of a boatswain's pipe sounded "Piping Aboard," the naval honor ceremonial, as the coffin was placed on the gun carriage. It was part of the ritual in the funeral of an Admiral of the Fleet As the curfew bell rareg, a minute gun began the salute. The cortege passed along a route massed with spectators and hung with heavy crepe. One hundred and fifty sailors drew the carriage on which the casket and royal regalia of crown and scepter rested. As the procession reached the castle, the Archbishop of Canterbury and the Bishop of Winchester walked from St. George's Chapel and stood' on the steps under the high stained windows waiting to receive the coffin. The slow funeral march of a military band re-echoed in the stone courtyard. Within the chapel, Prime Minister Baldwin, his cabinet, and other high Government officials who had not walked in the procession, awaited the coffin. Cortege Halts Before Chapel. Sharp military commands were given as the funeral party halted in front of the wide west doors of the chapel. King Edward, whose uniform boots were muddy from his walks through the streets of London and Windsor, stood silently as the coffin was lifted from the gun carriage and carried into the church through lines of honor guards. It was placed on a bier near the fluted stalls of the Order of the Garter, the oldest chivalric organization in the country, whose epi itual headquarters are in Si-George's. Twice the piercing note Continued on Page 2, Column 5. A VAULT IN 1 SERVICE LIFE CONVICT KILLED RICHARD LOEB, CROM a picture taken at the time he was sentenced, Sept. 10, 1924. He was then 19 years old. GOV. OSCAR K. ALLEN OF LOUISIANA DIES Political Heir of Huey Long Suddenly Stricken in Baton Rouge. iy the Associated Press. BATON ROUGE, Jan. 28. Gov. Oscar K. Allen died suddenly today at 10:40 a. m. from cerebral hemorrhage. He was stricken at the executive mansion at 8:50. He apparently had been in good health and was just preparing to have breakfast when stricken. Physicians were hastily summoned, among them Dr. C. A. Lo-rio, who attended the late Senator Huey P. Long, political associate of the Governor; but all medical attention failed and the Governor died. He was 55 years old. Dr. Lorio said death was due to "hypertension 'and cerebral hemorrhage and hemorrhage at the base of the tongue and acute edema of glottis." Lieutenant-Governor James A. Noe of Monroe automatically succeeds Gov. Allen as chief executive of Louisiana. He was always a staunch supporter of the administration of Long and Allen. Mrs. Allen and two of their children, O. K. Allen 21, and Asa Benton Allen, 11, were with Gov. Allen at the mansion at his death. Their daughter, the former Miss Joyce Love Allen, now the wife of Dr. Frederick Stare, young chemistry professor of the University of Wisconsin and St. Louis University, is in Cambridge, England, where her husband is taking a post-graduate course. Gov. Allen was one of the political heirs of Long following Long's assassination in the Capitol last September. He was elected Demo- I cratic National Committeeman suc ceeding Long and he headed the successful campaign in the Democratic primary Jan. 21, in which he himself was nominated to serve out the unexpired term of Long in the United States Senate. He died at the height of his political career after a strenuous campaign stumping the State. For some time he had suffered from heart disease but recently had been thought to be improving. He had amassed a sizeable fortune in his career as school teacher, cotton planter, small town business man and oil operator, and was a member of the State Legislature when Long, then Governor, appointed him chairman of the State Highway Commission, which handled Long's $7,500,000 road building fund. After Long had been elected to the United States Senate Long made Allen Governor. AVALANCHE DERAILS TRAIN IN JAPAN KILLING 23 Thirteen Persons Also Lose Lives in Snow-Slide That Buries Houses on Sakhalin Island. By the Associated Press. TOKIO, Jan. 28. Twenty-three persons were killed and 63 injured today when a snowslide derailed a train east of Yamagata, in Northern Japan. Three coaches, in which engineers and railway workers were riding, were thrown over a cliff. ALEXANDROVSK, Sakhalin Island, U. S. S. Jan. 28. Thirteen persons were killed in snow avalanches which buried several houses at the foot of a hill yesterday. Many persons were made homeless. 1 Sharif If Vf fir as SENATE INVESTIGATION OF LIBERTY LEAGUE Lobby Committee Sends Out Questionnaire on All Semi-Political Organizations. By the Associated Press. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. The Senate Lobby Committee began an inquiry today into the operations of all semi-political organizations, including the American Liberty League. A questionnaire was sent out to several hundred individuals and corporations which the committee has reason to believe have either been solicited or have contributed to the following. organizations: The Crusaders, The Crusaders' National Organization, American Liberty League, Sentinels of the Republic, New York State Economic Council, American Federation of Utility Investors, Inc. (American Federation of Investors, Inc.) and the American Taxpayers' League. Chairman Black would not comment on the questionnaire, but committee attaches said it had been prepared some time before Alfred E. Smith made his Liberty League speech Saturday night. The questionnaire seeks answers to the following: (1) Names and addresses of all corporations with which the addressee is connected. (2) An itemized statement of all sums contributed to the league and other organizations named since Jan. 1, 1934, with dates of contributions and "purpose for which made in each instance." (3) Whether the addressee has taken "an active part in the conduct and management" of any of the organizations named, and what compensation has been received. (4) Give names and addresses of persons soliciting the contributions. (5) Whether any refunds have- been made on any contributions -or whether donors have been reimbursed for contributions. Replies were requested to be "under oath" and to be mailed early. TWO ARMY FLYERS KILLED IN LANDING AT BOLLING FIELD Their, Plane Crashes After a Gust of Wind Sends It Out of Control. By the Associated Press. WASHINGTON, Jan. 28. Two army flyers were fatally injured today when the plane in which they left Pope Field, Fort Bragg, N. this morning crashed in landing at Boiling Field. They were identified as Second Lieut. William K. Payne of the Air Corps Reserve and Lieut. Dudley E. Whitten of Wharton, Tex. Payne was killed instantly and Whitten died a few minutes later. A gust of wind which sent their plane suddenly out of control was 'believed to have caused the crash. SEATS FOR ROYAL FUNERAL PROCESSION $10.50 TO $25 Some Spectators Pay $15.75 to Sleep in Taxis During Night-Long Wait By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 28. Street hawkers profited today from the state funeral procession for King George. They edged their way through the crowds, selling everything from mourning buttons to old newspapers to shield the throngs from the rain. Small squares of linoleum, for spectators to stand on, brought a shilling. Blocks cf wood which gave the watchers a few inches of extra height sold for the equivalent of 60 cents. Periscopes were six pence and up. From Whitehall to Paddington small merchants got handsome returns for seats and standing room in their show windows. The poorest seats sold for two guineas (about while one Park Lane apartment sold a view from a four-room flat for 80 guineas (about $420). Hundreds of carpenters worked until the procession began, erecting stands for which the crowds waited to pay five pounds ($25) a seat. Chartered taxicabs provided beds during the night-long wait at about $15.75. AMBULANCE BRIGADES CARE FOR 7000 IN LONDON CROWDS One Death Among 150 Sent to Hospital During King's Funeral Procession. By the Associated Press. LONDON, Jan. 28. Ambulance brigades attended 7000 persons along the route of King George's funeral procession today. One died among the 150 persons who were sent to hospitals. Police faced a threatening situation at Hyde Park when thousands shouted angry protests against mounted officers who rode in and drove them to side streets. Police were compelled to take drastic action to clear the roadwav over which the cortege was to pass. The situation arose when thousands of late arrivals streamed from subway trains, busses and cabs and were able to reach only the fringe of the crowd. With hundreds surging from the underground stations unable to reach the surface, subway officials as early at 7:30 a. m. began to run trains through the heart of London without stopping. FROZEN TO DEATH IN BUGGY Man and Woman Victims of Storm in Montana. By the Associated Press. CIRCLE, Jan. 28. Mrs Minnie Perkins, 50 years old, and Al Hasselman, 65, traveling by horse and buggy, were frozen to death in Eastern Montana's week-end snow storm. The bodies were found near the James Pruyn ranch, within four miles of their destination. The horses were wandering over the prairie. BY M. 0. WORKERS Chairman Says 86 Pet. of Railway's 4000 Employes Voted on Question. Employes of the Mobile Ohio Railroad voted to authorize their representatives to call a strike in the event the management refused to grant the employes' demand for restoration of former wage scales, it was announced today by J. H. McQuaid of Chicago, chairman of the employes' joint committee. McQuaid said 86 per cent of the railroad's 4000 employes voted in the strike referendum, results of which were tabulated today, and 93 per cent of those voting favored authorizing the strike call. Should the committee call the strike, as authorized, it will call out members of craft unions such as the locomotive engineers, firemen, conductors, clerical and other office workers whose representatives comprise the committee. Employes who are not members of the union, McQuaid said, were permitted to vote in the referendum. Immediately after the result of the referendum became known, McQuaid notified C. E. Ervin, one of the two receivers for the railroad, that the committee would meet at 9:30 o'clock tomorrow morning at the York Hotel to fix a time for the strike unless they received word from him which would warrant giving the matter further consideration. McQuaid, in a letter today to the National Mediation Board at Washington, refused its offer to arbitrate the controversy, as Ervin did yesterday. Referring to Ervin's statement that he wished to restore wage rates as rapidly as possible, McQuaid wrote to the National Mediation Board that the receiver had been authorized to make a 5 per cent restoration on March 1, 1934, by Judge Robert T. Ervin, but had not done so until the following June 16. This resulted in a loss of $50,000 in wages to the employes, McQuaid said. "We cannot subscribe," he continued, "to the principle that this carrier, who is receiving standard rates in accordance with the Interstate Commerce Commission's tariffs for passengers and freight handled, can pay its employes less than the standard rates paid by its competitors which place them at an unfair disadvantage with this carrier as to labor costs. "Furthermore, the receiver admits that in making purchases of materials, supplies, he is required to pay regular list prices. The Mobile Ohio receives standard rates for passengers and freight handled, pays, as admitted by the receiver, list prices for supplies, and in every respect is on a standard basis with all other Class 1 railroads except in employes' wages." Employes are seeking restoration of the wage rates which prevailed prior to Feb. 1, 1932. After that date there were pay cuts totaling 20 per cent. Half of the cuts have since been restored. 8 INJURED ON SUBMARINE WHEN BATTERIES BLOW UP Workers In U. S. N'avy Yard at Cavite in Philippines Are Victims. By the Associated Press. MANILA, P. Jan. 28. Eight workers at the navy yard were injured, five seriously, when batteries aboard the United States navy submarine, S40; exploded today. None of the navy personnel was injured. The submarine was seriously damaged. All of the injured arc Filipinos. Physicians said one was in serious condition. The S40 was in drydock, being overhauled when its batteries blew up. What caused the explosion was not immediately determined. A navy board began an investigation as soon as the injured were removed to a hospital. Naval officers declined to estimate the damage. The S40 is one of six S-type submarines in Submarine Division 10 assigned to the Asiatic' fleet which has its base at Cavite. SNOW TONIGHT, TOMORROW WITH RISING TEMPERATURE THE TEMPERATURES. 1 m. 2 a. m. 3 a. m. 4 a. ir. 5 a 6 a. m. 7 a. m. 1 9 a. m. 10 a. m. 1 1 a. m. 2 12 noon 2 1 p. m. 2 2 p. m. i 3 p. m. 2 3 7 9 1 2 12 12 12 -10 8 a. m. 4 p. m. Yesterday's high. 8 (4 p. m. low. (7:45 a. Official forecast for St. Louis and vicinity: Snow tonight and tomorrow; slowly rising temperature; lowest tonight about 8. Missouri: Snow tonight and tomorrow; slowly rising temperature tonight and in east and south portions tomorrow. Illinois: I -creasing cloudiness, snow tomorrow, and in west portion tonight, slowly rising tem The boys with NEST E6GS WILL BE SlTTIKG PRETTY. POST-OISPATCH WE ATH ERBIRO res a. rat orr. perature. Sunset 5:17. Sunrise (tomorrow), 7:10. Stage of the Mississippi at St. Louis, 1.8 feet, a fall of 0.5; at Grafton, 111., 3.2 feet a rise of 0.3; the Missouri at St. Charles, 6.9 feet, no change. rooy lay aead, a letter demanding t1 ft ftnrt ransom oi me iaa 3 parents as delivered. For several days it seemed the erime would go unsolved. Then a reporter found a pair of spectacles at the murder scene. Hhu swas the erime laid at the door of Loeb and Leopold. Clarence Darrow saved them from the electric chair, but on Sept 10, 1924, the two were sentenced to life, plus 99 years in prison. The double penalty was fixed to preclude their release during their natural lives. WANTS 2 BILLION IN GOLD CERTIFICATES IN OWN VAULTS Sew York Federal Reserve Bank Asks Washington Board for Transfer of Credit. NEW YORK. Jan. 28. Officials the New York Federal Reserve Bank today requested possession of of the gold certificates "edited to the bank at Washington. t'nder the Gold Reserve Act of 1534, when the metal possessed by the reserve banks was turned into tne Treasury, they were credited ith an equal amount in the gold ftificate fund under the super- on of the Federal Reserve Board at Washintrto I At the same time an option was ntea to any of the banks to "wive physical possession of gold ffrtificates in return for the credit "Possessed in the fund. local reaonm inctitntinn It said, was taking advantage of this option in part, transferrins: to ita own vaults $2,000,000,000 of the 'UllCateS and lpMvinir a froHit rf Jut $1,400,000,000 in the fund foi Purpose of settling any balances at might arise between it and reserve banks. said by officials that the to advantage of possesses the certificates was to assure wai Ch a majr item of assets in. the bank's own vaults. They "Portable, nor can they be b. according to the Gold Wv Act is

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