St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on August 20, 1915 · Page 2
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 2

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Friday, August 20, 1915
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FRIDAY EVENING, AUGUST 20, 1915. ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH GREATEST RAINFALL CITY HAS HAD IN 24 HOURS ST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH des Peres, and along the lower land to the east had flooded Delmar boulevard almost to Hamilton. Water 13ed the street in front of the Missouri Alrdome, just west of the Park Theater, and threatened to reach Hamilton avenue and interrupt the switching of Olive cars, which, after abandoning the west part o( their route, were switching back to Hamilton. I'elmnr Avenue Like Canal. Uefrrar boulevard was like a canal, and tile Wabash track was a torrent. A tram from Omaha was stalled a short distance north of Delmar Station but most of the passengers left before the water got so deep as to imprison them. ' The summer shelter, across the street froin i.he station, waa washed away, and there was fear that the station Itself, an old frame building:, would go down before the flood. .The last of the employes left the station," with the help of policemen, about 10 o'clock. Firemen with ropes and ladders, policemen with rubber boots and employes of coat yards along the Wabash track carried on a rescue work which extended; from the station north along the tracks j and to Hcdlamont avenue, where many dwellings stand on comparatively low ground. Men, I women and children maroonel in the ; station were taken out by the firemen, who threw a ladder across from higher ground, and then waded through the torrent, holding with one hand to the ladder above, and with the other hand to the person they were rescuing. Some inen went over without assistance. A crippled man was being helped across by a fireman when, they were swept away, and but for the rope to which !they clung one or both would have been drowned. Men Climb Tree for Safety. When the water rose around the station "building, two men became alarmed, end going outside, climbed Into a tree just noHh of the station, although they might, ;with hardly more trouble, have waded to higher ground. As the water rose, they climbed higher In the tree, and wljien the firemen came, the two were Irs the top branches. The. firemen threw a ladded across to a point' near the tree and by the use of ropes, got the two men out of their la-creasingly dangerous position. One of tne men left his coat in the tree. The. Polar Wave Ice end Fuel Co., on Cates, fivenue near the track, removed Its hories to higher ground when the water began to come Into the stables. Farther north the plants of the Wagner Electric Co. and the Fulton Iron Co. had to shut down active operations when the water rose . so high as to threaten their boilers. Policemen and coal yard employes, wading; through waist-deep water, . which ran at such a rapid rate as to be almost impassable1 except by a strong person, helped families In the Hodiairtont avenue houses to escape, and. got them to the Suburban Hotel, on Maple avenue. A number of the families were those of treet car men on Ihe Hodiamont line, and some of the .strtjet car men, who had been resting,' from night runs, were taken out with their families. Some of the families thus helped from their house were those of M. Plein, 928 ;iIodlamont avenue ; James Eelrne, wife and seven children.' 950 Hodiamont; Richard O'Haren, wife and five children,, Families Marooned in j Maplewood and Houses were submerged and women and children clung to roofs In the suburbs n etttementa of Benton, Greenwood,' Maplewood, Linden wood and Gratiot in the southwestern part of the city and Just teyond the city limits. The flood filled the valley between the Frisco and Missouri Pacific tracks In t district four miles long and ranging In width from half a mile to a mile. . All through tho early morning hours resldentji In the low places were telephoning to pclice stations asking that i escuers. be een- out. Many jof the callers were women who said they had sought refuge on the ec-end floors of their homes. They said the waier was still rising and they feared theyvwotdd be drowned. Woman Swept Oft Porch. Mrs. William Nabers was swept off the rear porch of her home In Benton while holding her 4-months-old baby In her arms. The current" carried her about 100 feet. I She grasped the limb of a tree and held on until rescuers saved her and the baby. Mrs. Annie Wagoner, 8" years old, who lived in ja little cottage In Benton, could not be found when rescuers broke into her house through the rcof. She is supposed to- have fled from the house when the water rose. Mounted policemen rescued 12 families In Iventon and firemen took 16 persons from their homes.: Many Marooned on Second Floors. The valley between the Frisco and Missouri; Paciflo tracks between Knox avenue in St. Louis and Sussex avenue in Greertwood was filled with the swirling waters of the River des Peres and the flood was constantly augmented by the heavy rain. Many Of the residents in the flood district had skiffs and these were used for rescue voork. but the number was found insufficient. There was a call for more I'oats niiil all the available pleasure skiffs in Forest Park wore sent to the flooded .Suburbs. Police jof the Mounted; District aided in the rescue work. At 9 a. m. additional men from other districts were nuked for and it was said to be likely that city; firemen also would be pressed into service. Looking over the valley In Greenwool and Mar?e wood several hundred flooded i 1 1 1 . ra vyuiu w i . i . .... ovi u v. a ' .j . . . . L .. . -.11 . ..! --. only inr roui gauies ana caimneys were above the water. Through tho mist and fain rescuers In skiffs were eeen taking persons from second story and attic windows and. it: several case, from Vnk roofs of their submerged homes. Telephone Service Crippled. Communication with the submerged district was difficult. The storm interfered with telephone and velegraph serf-Jen.' ; ' j AH whi could be reached by telephone said the flood was the vforst they ha 1 evef seed in the district, Messaghs from Greenwood and Maple-wood sai l rescuers in skiffs were work-ngjagaiijist odds, as there was a, swift Row Boats Used in South of FROM the higher parts of Manchester avenue to the south could be seen many boats being used lr rescue work and by persons going About their business. Because of experience , in other floods, many residents of Greenwood, .Maplewood and the district south of Manchester avenue keep boats 930 Hodiamont; Sam Hancock and wife and William J. Mulderig and wife, 924-i)2 Hodiamont At Deli'nar station policemen wading in the street rescued Mrs. Minnie Ur-back an3J her daughter, Theresa, who were standing in the open-air shelter, across fHim the station, shortly before the shelter was washed away. The crofsing watchman and the baggaga agent were also helped to safety by policemeni While motor vehicles could not be driven through the flooded streets, some persons driving horses fared no better A horse drawing a plumber's wagon fell In the street at De Ballviere and De GivervMe- avenues and was drowned while the; driver, struggling With the animal in water up to the man's knees, tries to save him. Ftre -Horse Nearly Drowned. A fire department hose cart was called to Maple and Hodiamont avenues to aid in rescue yrork to the west of that point. One of tha horses fell in the water, and the firemen had all they could do to keep It from drowning. They were unable to gft the wagon farther. West C&banne court, an extension of Cabanne avenue beyond Hamilton avenue, which is occupied by negro families, was .under water, and the families left their homes and sought shelter with other negro families living on higher ground. The backing up of water 1n sewers caused a part of the street flood. In the basement of Cafferata's cafe, Delmar and Hamilton avenues, the water was reported to be four feet deep, and all surrounding business establishments suf fered in the same way. Some firms which use their basements for storage hired men, at liberal emergency wages, to remove; the goods to the first floor or higher. At Berlin and De Balivlere' avenues, north of the Wabash crossing, and of the park ; entrance, many automobiles were stalled, and one Ford machine, standing in a depressed place at the side of the street, was almost completely submerged. A Rock Island train was stalled near the De Ballviere avenue crossing. Looking Into the park west or Jefferson Memorial it was seen that the public golf links were under & foot or more of wetter. ; At the Hamilton avenue crossing of the Wabaish, west of River des Peres, the water rose to the eaves of the crossing ratchman's house. At Hassfclbach's grocery, Delmar and Rosedale Avenues, - the water reached the first floor, and at the Kroger store, near by, the water ran Into the basement with a violence which threatened to affect the foundations. on Second Floors Adjoining Suburbs current which in many cases made it impossible' to keep the boats In position long enough to take persons from submerged houses. In nany cases to avoid the swirl yf water which came around the corners of the houses the rescue .-s thrust boards or ladders Into the windows. On this precarious footing tna imprisoneS householders walked or crawled to the boats. From a point Just east of Old Orchard to Clifton Heights, a distance of more than a mile, the Incoming Frisco accommodation trains ran through four feet of waer which was on a level with the car ple.tforms. Trico Suspends Trains. Traffic on the Frisco was suspended. Conditions i were almost as bad on the Missouri Pacific and It was expected that traffic on that road also would be suspended before noon. i A bridge at 6100 Manchester avenue, used by t&e United Railways cars, is normally 13 feet above the surface of the River des Peres. At 9 a. m. the roadway of this bridge was one and one-half feet under water. The Des Peres at this point was 900 feet wide. Its normal width is about 6 feet. At the plant of the Christy Fire Clay Co. two employes, named Pierce and Winkle, were caught In the swirling current when they attempted to reach the Manchester avenne car track. Other employes reecued them. Several negro settlements in the neighborhood of the large fire clay and smelting p'ants on Manchester avenue near Sulphur avenue were flooded out. In some cases families were taken f om windows by rescuers In wagons. A large mule shed of the Laclede-Chrlsty fire clay works was submerged. Mules were found swimming about In the flooded 'valley at daylight and many were taken from the water, but It Is believed 'se"e,-al were drowned. House Washed Away. Because of the destruction of hundreds of telephone wires and the Impossibility of penetrating the flooded district except In boats, details as to the damage were difficult to obtain. The meager it porta sent In from time to time by policemen assigned to rescue duty showed that many families abandoned their homes Just In time to save their lives. A policeman at 10 a. m. telephoned that a house at Canterbury and Tre-Mnnt avenues. In Greenwood, had been washed away. Another report was that a house st WIS Kensington avenue, Greenwood,' had been loosened from It foundation - and seemed about to be carried offtby the frood. Erc-fi avenue, In Benton, southeast of Crwiwood.J was submerged and thj water reached to the second floors of residences, v A family of five was Marooned on the second floor of a residence at Efrillle and Ellendale avenues. In Maplewdod. Iii a negro settlement In Benton, between the Missouri Paciflo tracks and th River dea Peres, three families r :, Rescue Work Manchester Avenue their yards for use when heavy rains flood the district. Several hundred houses entirely surrounded by water could be seen from the higher ground this morning, with men rowing around In boats oyer what had been populous streets. named Brown, Bailey and Berry, were taken from the roofs of their homes. Fifty Horses Marooned. The southwestern section of Forest Park was submerged. Fifty horses in a city stable In that section of the park v.t-re imprisoned by the flood. In the hurry to rush out boats for rescue work in .he submerged district park employes did r.ct take time to ascertain if any of lb? horses were drowned. Though the flood was worst in the low-lying regions in and around Greenwood, the high water caused damage and Inconvenience throughout the river's winding course through the city. Districts never before known to have been flooded were under water. Manchester avenue from Macklind avenue to the city limits, a distance of 17 blocks, was completely submerged, the water ranging in depth from four feet to seven feet. A swift current swept through the street, making wading extremely dangerous. Samuel Sullens, a foreman for the Hydraulic Press Brick Co., was swept from his feet when he attempted to cross Manchester avenue near Macklind avenue. Other men pulled him from the water. One of the many wild rumors in circulation was that six persons had been drowned at Winona and Wabash avenues, in Maplewood. Firemen we: a called there. Truck No. 18, responding to the call, ran into a ditch, but none of the firemen was Injured. Another truck was sent for to complete the run. Man and Wife Taken From Roof. Thirty . persons were rescued from 10 houses in the neighborhood of Canterbury and Tremont avenues. Near Old Manchester road and Ecoff avenue 200 fled from their homes and 50 were rescued by policemen and firemen. William Heidbrink and his wife were clinging to the roof of their home In Maplewood at 11 a. m. They called to rescuers that the house was slipping from Its foundation and they feared they would be swept away. The swift current prevented rescuers from reaching the house in boats. Preparations were made to build a raft. Several persons threw ropes to the Heidbrinks but they failed in their . efforts to grasp them. Louis Kalterman was marooned in his automobile at Hamilton avenue and the Wabash tracks at 8 a. m. He stood on the seat of his automobile, crouching under the cover. The water was up to his chin when two firemen rescued him. BACKWATER FROM SEWERS FLOODS THE WEST END Inspectors Fear Tunnels May Be Undermined and Collapse; Emergency Crews Assembled. Flooded sewers were responsible fo most of the trouble in the West End Director of Public Utilities Hooke had his men out over the affected district early In the forenoon and received constant reports of serious conditions which there seemed to be no way to improve. All over the West End the sewera were full of water, which backed inta the streets at manholes. In many houses the water in the drains was so high that the sinks would not carry off any waste. f The Inspectors reported at 11 o'clock that the sewers themselves had not beer seriously damaged. The greatest ian-ger was that the ground around them might become so saturated with surface water that the tunnels might be undermined and collapse. Emergency crews were kept waiting for such eventualities, although Director Hooke declared he did not know what they could do. until the rain subsided. Parkview was practically isolate-.'. Backwater from the sewers flooded all the streets leading into It. In some places it was too deep ; to wade with safety. Conditions were especially bad along Lindell drive west of De Balivlere avenue. Here the water backing into vacant property formed a great lake. East of De Balivlere paving stones were washed loose and lay hidden under more than a foot of water, where they frequently "submarined" autos, compelling them to stop. Some cars had to be abandoned. I.i other rases, where the machines wers not equipped with self-starters, the owners frequently had to get Into water knee deep and crank their machines. Assistant Health Commissioner Jor dan said that persons whose cellars are flooded by sewer backwater need not be alarmed over health conditions, as there was virtually no danger so long as the water was flowing. When It subsides, he said, every property owner ought to wash 'the cellar free of mud with a hose. He should then notify the Health Department, which would" disinfect the place. He advised that this work be entrusted to his department Instead of being undertaken privately, as the department could do the work more thoroughly. LOWLANDS OF FOREST PARK UNDER WATER Virtually all of the lowgrounds of Forest Park are covered with water and It was probable that the damage would run well up into the thousands of dollars. All of the golf links, except a fringe towards Sktnkar road, and the tennis courts, are submerged. The Jefferson Memorial Is on an island. The River des Peres, where it enters the park on the Llndell boulevard side, is within eight inches of the top of Its banks. In lower places farther down it has overflowed and it was still rising at noon, the debris-filled current running like a mill race. The waters of the Grand Basin at the foot of Art Hill joined with those of the River des Peres have caused most of the overflow on the links. The course, according to golfers, was Just getting into first-class shape. The flood appeared to be cutting the bunkers and doing damage that will take a long time to repair. Lindell boulevard on both sides of De Ealiviere is the bed of a channel which runs through an ever-widening lake on either side. Just east of De Balivlere an abandoned auto stands wheel deep in the water. Animal Cases Flooded. . Eight Inches of water cover the floor of the bird- cage. The covers of the monkey cage had been drawn so that It was impossible to see how much water was in It. but it was plainly awash. The bear pits were filled. The lagoon east' of Art Hill has overflowed Into the drive, which is practically Impassible. The lake near the pagoda and tennis courts is way out of normal bounds. The Grand Drive is covered with water in many places. East cf the Mounted District Police Station the water is two feet deep in the road, and an automobile has been abandoned there. The lower part of the Triple A golf links is under water. The Triple A tennis courts appear to have been badly damaged. The road east of the Triple A, where there is a ravine. Is full of water. The St. Louis Fly Casting Club building near the principal lagoon, is surrounded by water and, if the flood gets much higher, will be in danger. Luke Out of Flanks. Wabash Lake, near Lindell boulevard and Lake avenue is out of its banks, but here no serious damage as yet has been done. The Mounted Police Station on Its high ground was like an islanu. with- water around It in some places as deep as 10 feet. The high wind of the early morning blew' down many trees, which fell acr6ss roads, making passage even more difficult! 400 PHONE LINES OUT OF ORDER More tiian 400 Bell telephones in St Louis were out of service this morning as a result of broken wires and cables. Nearly the entire day force of operators of the Cabany exchange on Delmar boulevard west Ok Skinker road was unable to reach the exchange because of high water cn Delmar boulevard near the River des Peres. They telephoned from Hamilton avenue to tho company's offices. Six automobiles were sent for them, and got them to the Cabany exchange by taking them to King's highway through Forest Park and over Skinker road. Service in the Cabany exchange wal seriously Interfered with until they reached it, the night f )rce. being too small to handle the business. The Bell company reported 15 lors distance lines to Chicago, Loulsvllli Indiana and Arkansas were down. While service was interfered with, a'l these points could be reached by routing the conversations over other lines. Reports to the Western Union and Postal Telegraph companies Indicate that floods are doing heavy property damage through the South and Southwest. The Western Union lines to Little Rock, Springfield, Mo., and Kansas City are damaged. At the Western Union office it was said that the rivers south of St. Loui3 along the Iron Mountain Railroad are rising rapidly, some as fast as a foot an hour. The Postal lines to the South hav suffered heavily. There Is no direct line left into New Orleans and all messages are being relayed by way of Birmingham. At the Postal office it was said that no definite news had reached them of the extent of damage in the South, but tliefact that the direct line to New Orleans from St Louis, Chicago and Cleveland are down indicated that that section had suffered considerably. The Kinloch Telephone Co. reported that none of its long-distance service was Interrupted, but that between 300 and 400 telephones in the city were out of service because of broken wires and cable trouble. Carondelet Lowlands Flooded. In the lowlands near the mouth of the River des Peres in Carondelet many families were forced to leave their homes. Some were reported to have clung to roofs until rescued by policemen. Three United Railways cars, ca'"-iying passengers, were stalled for more than an hour near the southern terminus of the line on Gravois toad. The water was bo deep in the street that it flooded the motors and put them out of commission. I'nlon Station Subway Flooded. The old Mill Creek sewer was unable to carry the water that flowed into It and the subway at Union Station was flooded on that account to the depth of four feet The water was kept out of the postoffice across Eighteenth street by closing the flood gates. President Kinsey of the Board of Public Service said there was no danger of the new. Mill. Creek sewer, under course of construction, being flooded, as It U provided with flood dams. Hnadred Feet of Rock laland Track Waahrd Oat In County. One hundred feet of track of the Rock Island Railroad at Port Royal. In St. Louis County, was washed away by the high water from the Missouri River this morning. Two Rock Island trains. Inbound, could not get past Chesterfield on the Olive Street road. The tracks of the Rock Island skirt the hills along the Missouri River bottoms In the western part of the county. -t 5.24 INCHES OF LL HERE IN 22 Precipitation in Last Four Months Has Reached a Total of 32.53 Inches. The rainfall, which began at 1 p. m. yesterday, and continued incessantly throughout the night and this morning, came from an arm of the great Galveston storm, which swept northward from Texas, and this morning enveloped all of Southern and Eastern Missouri, Arkansas, Tennessee, Kentucky, Southern Illinois and Southern Indiana. The rainfall from 1 p. m. yesterday until 11:30 a. m. today totaled B.24 Inches, of which .04 of an inch fell between 1 p. m. adn 7 p. m. yesterday, 3.05 Inches from 7 p. m. yesterday to 7 a. m. and 2.13 Inches between 7 a. m. and 11:30 a. m. The rain continued throughout the morning at the rate of nearly half an Inch fall an hour. The greatest previous rainfall In 24 hours shown by the records of the Weather Bureau was on July f and 8, 1898, when there was a precipitation of 5.08 inches. All of that ratn fell during a period of 9 hours and 23 minutes. Wind Reached 42 Mllea an Honr. The rain last night was accompanied by an east wind blowing at the rate of about 12 miles an hbur. But after to p. m. the wind veered to the northeast, with increasing velocity, until this morning at 5:50 it was blowing at 42 miles an hour. High winds throughout the day were predicted by the weather forecaster. The heavy storm comes as the aftermath of one of the wettest seasons on record. The precipitation in St. Louis during May, June, July and up to 11:30 a. m. today of this month was 32.53 inches, compared with a total precipitation of only 7.64 inches during the same period last year, including the entire month of August. Nearly Eisrht Inches Thla Month. There has been only one other summer since 1837 when there was a greater rainfall than this year during the months of May, June, July and August. During the period of 1848 there was a rainfall of 40.28 inches, the greatest amount of precipitation ever recorded by the weather department. During June that year there was a precipitation of 17.07 inches. That was the greatest amount of rain that ever fell In any one month since the weather records have been kept In May, 1844, there was a precipitation of 11.26 inches, ""which holds second place In the wet records. According to the records, 1858 was the wettest year, the precipitation being 6S.83 inches. The precipitation in May, this year, when the heavy rains began, was 7.67 inches; In June, 9.77 Inches; July, 6.02 Inches, and August, to 11:30 a. m. today, 9.07 inches. StoTm's Effects on Car Service Throughout Citg Continued From Page One. des Peres overflowing the Market line bridge. The Cherokee line was flooded near the River Des Peres and cars on that line were run cly as far as Itaska street. Several Cherokee cars were stalled at the end Of the line on the Gravois road. The Kirkwood-Ferguson line was discontinued altogether, although early In the morning a partial service had been maintained north of Wellston. On the Creve Coeur lines the service was discontinued between the De Balivlere sheds and Vlnlta Park. Cars were operated between Venita Park and Creve Coeur Lake. Passengers on that line, by transferring at Vinita Park and taking the Page line "dinky," were able to reach the city. Company officials stated all other lines were in operation, although service on all lines was impeded. Mounted Station Policemen Marooned. Fifteen reserve patrolmen and the station force of the Mounted Police District were marooned for hours in the station on a hill in Forest Park. Thj hill Is surrounded by 10 feet of water. Gum, 5 The7-point gum PEPPERMINT-IN RED WRAPPCH CINNAMON - IN BLUE WRAPPER RAINFA HOURS 5 Arabic Sunk Warning. Conttnned From Pace One. Vsted the local authorities In aiding the survivors. George L. Money of Stratford, Onta rio, who. with his daughter and brother. were returning home, said that the pas sengers In large numbers were enjoying the beautiful weather about decks after breakfast. Their attention had teen attracted to the steamer Dunsley, the boats of which were being launched (The censor here evidently has deleted the facts concerning the Dunsley). The Arabic, Money said, was making toward the Dunsley when the streak of a torpedo fired from a submarine lying In the wake of the Dunsley was seen making for the Arabic. There were cries of alarm and all hands made for life belts and the life boats. "Fortunately." said Money, "all pre cautions had been taken, the life belts being In readiness on deck and the boats In position for launching. The ship be gan to settle Immediately after It was struck and sank In a few minutes. "It was marvelous how so many boats were got afloat It spoke well for t,he discipline of the crew. I was an hour end a half Swimming." White Star List Accounts for All but Two Americans on the Arabic NEW YORK, Aug. 20. Two Americans were still unaccounted for today In the lists received here giving the names of those saved from the Whito Star steamship Arabic, torpedoed and sunk yesterday morning by a German submarine off the south coast of Ireland. They were Dr. Edmund F. Wood of Janesville, Wis., and Mrs.' Josephine L. Brugulere, a wealthy American widow, who has been living In Europe for some years, but who Is well known In New Tork, Newport and San Francisco. The local office of the White Star Line had no record of the safety Df two other Americans, James Houlihan of Philadelphia and Thomas Elmore b? New York, but the names of Houlihan and Elmore appeared on a list of 16 American survivors received by the State Department at Washington from Louis C. Thompson, the United States Consul at Queenstown, Ireland. Up to 2 o'clock this afternoon. New York time, no further details as to the sinking of the Arabic had been received by the Associated Press since a dispatch filed in Queenstown at 5:45 this morning (12:45 a. m. New York time) giving Capt. Finch's account of the disaster. The only messages to come through from London concerned the American passengers on board the vessel. One of these was timed at 9 a, m and the other at 1:23 p. m., London time. The New York office of the White Star Line was equally without additional Information and reports from Washington set forth that the only two dispatches to be received by the State Department gave the fruits of no independent Investigation, merely transmitting reports of 400 Persons Aboard Only 8 Passengers Among Missing LONDON, Aug. 20. The best Information now available indicates that a score or more persons lost their lives In the sinking of the White Star liner Arabic by a German submarine yesterday morning off the south coast of Ireland. Thus far it has not been determined definitely whether any Americans are among the dead. Dr. Edmond F. Wood of JaneS-ville, Wis., and Mrs. Josephine S. Brug-, iere, an American, who had lived -in Europe for some years, are missing. The White Star announced this morning that ail but eight of the passengers had been landed at Queenstown. Four of these were said to be American. According to information cabled to Washington by Lewis C. Thompson, American Consul at Queenstown, however. Dr. Wood and Mrs. Brugulere are the only missing Americans. The other two-James Houlihan of Philadelphia and Thomas Elmore of New York were reported by Thompson to have seen saved. Nearly 400 Accounted For. In all about 400 of the 423 persons on toard the Arabic have been accounted for. The fate of the others is still in doubt, but as the hours lengthen since the Arabic met destruction hopes that the others may have been saved are fading. The announcement that all save eight of the passengers were rescued bore out earlier reports that the majority of the missing were members of the crew. Capt. William Finch, of the Arabic, gave testimony to the heroism of his englners and firemen, several of whom remained at their posts to the last to insure the safety of the pissengers. end probably sacrificed their lives. Other survivors say that the torpedo which rent the Arabic's hull killed outright several men In the boiler rooms. The torpedo struck on the starboard side about 100 feet from the stern, near the location of the boiler rooms. The torpedoing of the Arabic ha stirred England. That such a large proportion of the passencers and crew should have been saved In the short time available for the work of rescue, is regarded as better fortune than might have been expected under the circum stances. Apparently it was due to the coolness and courage of the officers and crew. Fine weather and a calm sea also contributed to the outcome. In Queenstown everything possible was done to day to assist the survivors, many of whom were without clothes or money. A number of the survivors are suffering from minor Injuries, bait so far as Ik known none Is In a serious condition. The Arabic, according to statement of the White Star Line, was attacked without warning and went down In 1Q minutes. There were 423 persons on board, 11 being passengers. There were only 36 cltlsens of the United States on board. 22 being In the second cabin and four In the steerage, accord ing to London advices. Tly, Arable ca; Without Captain Says A member of the crew of the Arabic said that when the steamer was struck the was going 14 knots, making for the Dunsley. When the torpedo struck a I ortion of the ship was torn away and he saw the bodies of coal trimmers and of five engineers, whose watch was below, blown to pieces and Into the sea. Although the steamer was torpedoed in the forenoon. It was three o'clock In the afternoon before the last of the survivors were picked up by the Primrose end Mongolian. Charlea Pringle, of the Motor Co., Limited, of Toronto, said that most of the passengers were Canadians. Discussing the work of rescue, Pringle said: "It was really marvelous that so many l-ersons were saved. All ' of the life boats were crowded when they were launched and some persons were thrown into the water. There were some panicky scenes, but the crew kept cool and rescued most of those struggling In the water." The assistant purser of the Arabic said: "The torpedo hit near the engine room and the boilers of the steamer exploded. This accounts for the rapidity of her sinking. The captain, was the last man to leave the ship. The boats were rowed about four and a half hours before they were picked up." the White Star Line. Inquiries sent to .the London office f the Associated Preaa early today have brought no reply and It la Inferred that the British censors have been operating to check Jhe transmission to the Vnlted Stateo of news hearing on certain details of he circumstances under which the Arable wu aent to the bottom. ' It Is conjectured that there may be circumstances In connection with the sinking of the Arable of a military character that have caused the suppression of dispatches containing auch details or the referring of these messages back to higher officials. Reports to the White Star Line here showed that 20 persons In all of those aboard the lost liner had not been accounted for. Eight of these were passengers. The Arabic carried 423 persons wheu she left Liverpool Wednesday, 181 passengers and 242 in her crew. A dispatch from Queenstown thi morning said on the authority of Consul TnompBon there were only 21 American citizens among the Arabic's passengers. Advices received last nlgnt placed the number of Americans on board at 26. Dr. Wood, one of the Americans unaccounted fcr, is a leading Wisconsin surgeon. He was on his way home after completing a tour of duty for the Red Cross with the British hospital corps in Flanders. Mrs. Brugulere before her marriage was Miss Josephine I. Sather. Her stepmother, Mrs. James K. Sath er of San Fraficlsco, left $700,000 to th University of California. She married the late Emile A. Brugulere. Arabic Saved; rled no first class passengers, having letely been turned Into a two class liner. Souie of the survivors, according to reports received here, say that they had Just witnessed the torpedoing of a British steamer, presumably the Dunsley, and that this . had caused great alarm on board the Arabic. In their fright the passengers had rushed for life preservers and hd barely adjusted them when the German submarine turned its torpedo against the vessel's side. Lifeboats Laaaehed Quickly. Ten life boats and a number of life rafts .were quickly got over the side of the steamer and Into these a large num ber of the passengers and members Jf the crew scrambled. Many of the pas sengers, however, fell Into the wate but they got hold of the rafts and la ter were rescued. One women, who fell Into the sea, screamed for help. Two sailors swam to her assistance, and suoceeded in lifting her upon a raft Among those who were rescued were Capt. Will Finch, commander of tt Arabic, all the deck officers, the chlet engineer, the surgeon, the purser, the assistant purser, the chief steward anl the thlrd-clas steward. Third Engineer Lugon Is among the missing. One of the passengers on board wa Kenneth Douglas, well-known Ergllt-h actor. Mr. Douglas was on the Losita- nia when she was sent to the bottom His good luck followed him ajatn, fur he is among the survivors. Capt. Finch was formerly In the P Yesterday (Thursday) the POST-DISPATCH lacked but TWO columns of equaling All Four of Its Competitors Combined in the volume of home merchants' advertising carried. The record POST-DISPATCH (alone) 60 Cols. Globe-Democrat, Republic, Times n) fA ,and Star, Combined d-t VA18. Why? BECAUSE THE POST-DISPATCH IS A PROFITABLE, PERMANENT PRODUCER OF RESULTS I Circulation, First 7 Months, 1915: Sunday Only 348S7 Daily Average 202 83 "First in EverTthinfir" MAY ORDERS RESCUE BOATS TO Police' Also Commandeer Factory Auto Trucks for Use in Flooded Districts. Mayor Kiel at 11:30 o'clock ordered out street department trucks to take rrom the harbor boat to the vicinity of Manchester and Ecoff ave nues, Maplewood, where tne water wss reported to be up to the second stories of tho houses and no means at hand for the rescue of the Inmates. The Mayor also Issued an order to all city departments to send out ell available machines to aid in the rescue work. The police department borrowed auto -trucks from factories and wherever they could get them to haul boats from O'Fal- lon and Carondelet Parks to the flooded districts for use In rescue work. Fire engine houses In the southern part of the city and along the southwestern part were ordered by the Mayor to aid In the rescue work. Up to noon Engine Co. No. 34, In Carondelet, had taken 115 persons from their homes to higher points. Capt. John Ammon of Engine Co. No. 37, In Baden, rescued a woman, who was marooned In an automobile on Rlvervlew drive, under the Burlington bridge. She was standing on the seat of an automobile and the water was run ning Into the machine when Capt. Ammon reached her. Residents east of Broadway and north of Baden were warned to leave their homes, because Glngres Creek was overflowing and there Is danger that houses will be swept away. A call was received shortly before noon from the 5S00 Block on Berlin avenue asking that boats be sent.' The person who telephoned said the territory for several blocks was under water. cific mall service, but for some ea-s has been In command of the Arabi.'. Ihe steamer Is the largest yet sunk j." the Germans, with the exception of tht Lusitanla. ' Names of IS American Survivor of Arable Reported. WASHINGTON, Aug. 20. Vice Consul Thompson at Queenstown cabled the State Department the names of It American survivors or the Arabic. According to survivors, the Vice Consul's message said, the ship was torpedoed without warning and sank In 11 minutes. Excellent discipline prevailed. 21 boats were lowered and apparently all except those that were empty were picked up by res cue vessels. Following Is the Vice Consul's list of American survivors: A. Hellme Nebeker, Logan, Utah. James Houlihan, Philadelphia. Thomas Elmore, New York. George A. McAllister, Chembersburg, Pa. James T. Rowley, Chicago. Mr. and Mrs. Covington. Now Trk and London. Louis Brugulere, New York. John Olsen, San Franelsee. Mr. and Mrs. Philip ColUnr. Bnffara, Miss Sadie Shrlmpton, Syracuse. Claude McRoodie, BoheneoUdy, M. T. John Nolan. John OlsechweskL Christopher McTamler. NEW YORK, Aug. . The White Star Line gave out last night a list cabled from Liverpool containing the names of the following cabin passengers sailing on the Arabic all of whom are Americans: Miss Josephine L. Brugulere, Mr. Brugulere. Mr. and Mrs. Fred Burgess, Mr. and Mrs. James Calm on, Mr. and Mrs P. W. A. Collins, Mr. and Mrs. Del la h Covington, James Houlihan, Rev. Dr. E. A. McAllister, Christopher McTammie. Leopold P. Moore, A. Hellme Nebeker, John Dolan, Claude Roode, James M. Rowley, W. E. Ramsdell. Miss T. B. Shrlmpton, Edmund Woods. Mormon Missionary One of ffarvtvoro of the Arabic. SALT LAKE CITY, Utah, Aug. 5n.-A. Hulme Nebeker. who If among the list of survivors of the steamer Arabic. It the son of Hyrum Nebeker of Logan, Utah. Nebeker wss in England and missionary for the Mormon Church and was returning to his home. He Is a cousin of United States Marshal Aqulla Nebeker. who headed the pursuit after renegade Piute Indians In Eastern Utah last winter. The Associated Tress News erne U received and printed exclusively by the Post-Dlspatcb In the St. Louis evening field. MAPLEWOOD V 1 t i . rf i

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