St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on September 18, 1939 · Page 2
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 2

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St. Louis, Missouri
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Monday, September 18, 1939
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ST.LOUIS POST-CISPATCH, .MONDAY, SEPTEMBER 18, 1039.B PAGE 2 A ST.LOUIS POST-DISRATCH, POLISH GOVERNMENT NO LONGER EXISTS, MOLOTOV TELLS POWERS) Russo-German Invasion of Poland WE ARE AGAINST ALLIES IN SERIOUS PLIGHT; SAYS HE ACTED CAN COUNT ONLY ON SELVES Russia Is Active Factor in War and Must Be Regarded as Enemy, of Those Who Sought to Save Poland. GERMANS.' SAYS WARSAW SILENT THROUGH NUT; CONSULS GET OUT WHEN MINORITIES WERE ABANDONED RED ARMY OFFICER Russian Premier Declares on Radio Invasion Was Necessary to Protect Former Soviet Peoples. Continued From Page One. cUns and Ukrainians were "aban-J doned entirely to their fate.' Poland ordered its Ambassador, W'aclaw Grzybowski, to leave Mos-c-ow in orotest acainst the Soviet march into Polish territory. A. Russian broadcast said Red Armv troops had been given iubilant welcomes by the population of White Russia and in the PoH ish Ukraine. It made no mention of fighting, although the radio last night acknowledged the Poles were putting up resistance. The broadcast said inhabitants of the regions which were once Rus sian were greeting Soviet soldiers with flowers, and that political j workers attached to the Russian army already had organized meet-j ings to propound benefits of life in the Soviet Union and promise thej same to Ukrainians and White Rus sians. Newspapers were filled with accounts of meetings in factories and on collective farms throughout Rush sia acclaiming the Governments decision to march into Poland. Advance Along 500-Mile line. The Red Army advance was re ported general along a 500-mile frontier between Latvia on the north and Rumania on the south. Deepest thrusts were said to be far to the north center of Po land's White Russian minority and in Southeastern Poland the j Ukrainian micri territory. io'- as far as 50 miles from the frontier were listed as captured in the first day's invasion, Russians said they took Glebokie, northeast of Wilno; Baranowicze, railway center 50 miles from the frontier; Dubno, northeast of Lwow, and Tarnopol, in the Ukrainian section southeast of Lwow. That would place the Rusian andj German armies within 68 miles of each other. That is the distance from Dubno to Wlodzimierz, ri-ported held by German troops north of Lwow. Advance guards of the two forces would be even closer southeast of Lwow. German mechanized units were reported to have crossed a railway southeast of Lwow. Rus sian advance troops were said to be in Tarnopol, within 50 miles of ihe railroad. At Baranowicze, German planes and Russian troops struck at the same objective. The Russian general staff announced the capture after Russian and German radio broadcasts told of heavy German air raids against the city. Resistance at Some Points. A general staff communique said the Russians defeated several weak advance units and reserves of the Polish army" at points where there was resistance. (The Polish Legation at Berne, Switzerland, said.it heard a Polish radio broadcast that Russian troops had been repulsed at Molodeczno, 20 miles from the northeastern frontier. (At Paris, it was reported the Red army had taken Zaleszczyki, in the southeast, on the Polish-Rumanian border and that Wilno, historic capital of Lithuania, has been oc cupied.) The general staff said 10 Polish war planes were brought down. Invasion from the east, reported started yesterday at 6 a. m- (9 p. m, St. Louis time Saturday), came two days after Russia and Japan called an armistice along the border of Soviet-:controlled Outer Mongolia and Japanese-dominated Manchou-kuo. Foui- months of intermittent battling there had kept Russia's attention turned to the East. Military reserves already had been called to bolster Russia's army, which the Communist party newspaper Pravda has said totaled 1,-00,000 men in peace time. First intimation that Russian troops were crossing the border came in the radio broadcast by Molotov. Russia to Protect Minorities, He said the White Russian and Ukrainian minorities, which occupy 46,723 square miles of Polish terri tory, would be taken under Russian "protection." "No one knows the whereabouts of the Polish Government," he said. "In view of this state of affairs, treaties concluded between the Soviet Union and Poland have ceased to operate." Declaring "Nobody could have expected that the Polish state would have betrayed such impotence and such swift collapse," Molotov said: "The Soviet Government deems It sacred duty to extend the hand of assistance to its brother Ukrainians and brother Byelorussians inhabiting Poland." A note giving the same reasons and announcing troops would be sent into Poland was handed to Polish Ambassador Waclaw Grzy-bowski after a conference with Soviet officials. He rejected the note. A spokesman for the Pollsa Embassy referred bitterly to the "obvious contradition in the fact that Soviet authorities addressed a B5eC MfcMELX LITHUANIA J V KAUNAS Z00 7 fflWtiV EAST Q!i yS MINSK . Hill I If vffl I KORtUCZEX ill 1 ItiirrSEtts 1 1 i 1 1 1 1 lwow s ZEA Z ! llill ! Jit H I pi - J DROH08YCZ J- j BRATISLAVA ZKIJTY V t - - " Associated Prs Wirephoto, HORIZONTAL lines on right indicate the newly launched Russian invasion of Poland. The vertical ' lines show the area held by Germany. British Aircraft Carrier Sunk LJ. S. Military Attache Quotes Tank Command er He Met When Flight From Poland. in CERNAUTI, Rumania, Sept 18 (AP). Maj. William H. Colbern, United States military attache, said today the commander of a Soviet Russian tank he encountered in Poland told him the Russians were "against the Germans." Maj. Colbern, who has been in Poland as a military observer, said that yesterday he "aw a column of 11-ton tanks on the road to Horo-denka, about 40 miles northwest of here, going in the same direction as some Polish troops. One of them pulled aside, told him to halt and a Soviet officer came out. Maj. Colbern said he was cordial and polite. Colbern later talked to the tank commander and quoted the officer as saying We are against the Germans." Maj. Colbern said the Polish troops fraternized with the Rus sians and gave them cigarets. BRITISH HOLD SHIP THAT SAYED CREW OF TORPEDOED TANKER Continued From Page One. ships and in launching aircraft to attack submarines from the air. Jane's Fighting Ships, authorita tive work on world fleets, described the Courageous as a converted cruiser of 22,500 tons (26,500 tons full load). She originally was in tended for Baltic service. First built in February, 1916, Jane's figures showed her to be the oldest, but one of the largest of the seven British warcraft used as aircraft carriers. Jane's gave her thickest armor plate as' three inches on her sides. She carried 16 4.7-mch guns, four three-pounders and 17 smaller pieces. The beam of her flight deck was 100 feet and her overall length 786 feet. The Admiralty's announcement of the loss of the Courageous came j two weeks after the world learned that the British liner Athenia had been sunk by a torpedo in the first hours of war between Germany and Great Britain. Since the hostilities began on Sept 3, 24 British merchant ships have been announced as victims of what the British Government has described as unrestricted German submarine warfare. Convoy System in Effect On the other hand, the fleet and the Royal Air Force have ranged far afield and have been officially reported as sinking numerous submarines. Simultaneously a general convoy system had been pressed, but this had naturally been a slow undertaking on British 3ea lanes which circle the globe. The Courageous was called out in the precautionary mobilization of the reserve fleet in August Her movements since that time were secret until today. Text of Admiralty's Statement The text of the Admiralty state ment follows: "The Admiralty regret to an nounce t4at ,H. M. S. Courageous has been lost by enemy submarine action. i "She was commissioned with the reserve fleet in August with a reduced complement of aircraft and since the opening of hostilities has been performing very good service In protecting the ships of the mer- cantile marine against U-boat at tacks. "Survivors have been picked up by destroyers and merchant ships, which are now returning to harbor. "The submarine was immediately heavily attacked by destroyers and is believed to have been sunk. "H. M. S. Courageous is one of the earliest aircraft carriers. She was originally completed as a cruiser in 1917 and was converted after the war as an aircraft car rier. "The next of kin will be informed were drowned when the ship was blasted into three parts. Ship Flying Irish Flag Sunk Because It Had Contraband. LONDON, Sept 18. (AP). The Ministry of Information asserted today the 9456-ton motor vessel In-verliffey sunk Sept 11 by a German submarine was sent down after her master had pointed out to the submarine's commander she as soon as information can be oc-was flyin& the flaS of neutral Ire- tained as to the names of the sur- land. To the assertion the Inverlitfey vivors. In 1918, before the Courageous was converted from a cruiser, she claimed an Atlantic record with a crossing to the United States in less than four days. She made the return journey almost as rapidly. Just six weeks ago King George was abord the Courageous when he inspected the reserve fleet. The August navy list recorded the Courageous as commanded by Capt W. T. Makeig Jones. was under a neutral flag, said the ministry communique, the sub marine's commander replied that she "carried a contraband cargo" and that he intended to sink her. He did so as soon as her crew abandoned ship. The American tanker R. G. Stewart picked up the survivors and transferred them to a steamer bound for Le Havre. They were landed in France. Sept. 14. Belgian Line Says Freighter Was Detained Alter Taking 41 f Men to English Port. NEW YORK, Sept 18 (AP). Belgian Line agents said today their freighter Jean Jadot was de tained by the British after putting in at Ramsgate, a Channel port, to land 41. seamen rescued from the torpedoed British tanker Regent Tiger. ' " "We rescue their men and they seize our ship," said Van Rillas, an executive of J. A. Nash & Co., Belgian Line agents. The Jean Jadot left New-York Aug. 30 for Antwerp, carrying 12 passengers and 2500 tons of general cargo, including 1500 tons of linseed oil cake, a cattle food. The Jean Jadot, a 5859-ton ves sel, was reported held for a contra band search. It rescued the Regent Tiger's crew Sept 8 and went off its course to land them in England. ITALIAN FOREIGN OFFICE MAN CHOSEN ENVOY TO ENGLAND Undersecretary Bastianini to Fill London Post That Dino Grand! Held. ROME, Sept. 18 (AP). Giuseppe Bastianini, Undersecretary for For eign Affairs, tonight was named Italian Ambassador to London. The post had been vacant since the appointment of Count Dino Grandi as Minister of Justice. By WILLIAM IL STONEMAN Special Cable; Copyright 1939. LONDON, Sept 18. Russia's invasion of Poland has finally confronted the world with a general European war in which the neutrals, if any, will be so few and so insignificant that they will count for nothing. In this general melee. Great Britain and France can count only on themselyes. The Poles, their brave allies during the early days of the war, must now be regarded as defeated. Southeastern Europe is still on the fence, but Rumania, which is open to the threat of aj combined Russian-German-Hungar-1 ian attack, cannot defend itself and may have to 'remain neutral if it can manage to do so. Turkey has already sent a mission to Moscow and may have to remain neu tral as well because of the enormous threats which can be directed at it from the north and west Italy is still on the fence but is not friendly. France and Britain, in. other words, are now faced by a terrific situation from which they can save themselves only by using every ounce of power at their command. France and Britain have not de clared war on Russia and neither has Rumania, which is bound to Poland by a clear-cut defensive al liance. But Russia is now an ac tive factor in the war and, despite all professions of neutrality, must be considered as an enemy of those who sought to save Poland from destruction and ultimately to re store it to pre-war position. The only reassuring features of the present situation are the pos sibility that the Russian and Oer- mans may not completely unaer-stand one another and the thought that Germany, by trusting the Russians so completely, seems to have proved its inability to face a long war such as would be certain if the Russians hr remained on the fence. The Immediate question now is where the Germans will strike next. It is openly suggested that the divisions released from the Polish front may be used for the execution of a sweep through Belgium or Holland. "How," asks the military corre spondent of the London Dally Tele graph, "will she use the forces that will be available? Will her army remain on the defensive in the Sieg- fried positions and, risking repris als, launch ruthless air attacks? Or will she attempt to repeat the maneuver of 1914, violating neutral territories? Reports that she has begun to evacuate the civil popula tion from the frontier regions facing Belgium and Holland, as well as behind the Siegfried line, may be an indication of ber intentions. "Her note questioning the neu trality of Holland's attitude may be an attempt to provide an excuse for violating Dutch territory. The scale and violence of German coun ter-attacks in the West may be merely a sign of the importance at tached to the covering zone of the Siegfried position; on the other hand,' there might be an attempt to draw French reserves into battle and thus leave fewer to support Belgium and Holland in case of invasion." (Chicago Dally News Foreign Service). RICKENBACKER SAYS NAZIS WON IN POLAND WITH PLANES German Freighter Reported Torpe doed Off Norwegian Coast. BERLIN, Sept 18 (AP). Indi cations that British warcraft might be operating m the North Atlantic reached Berlin tonday in a report a Norwegian fishing vessel had found two empty lifeboats and wreckage of the German freighter Johannes Molkenbuhr near Trondheim, Norway. (Lloyd's register lists the Johan nes MoiKenDunr s nome port as Hamburg, Germany, and its ton nage as 5294.) The report said the sea was calm, and there was no reason why the freighter should have been wrecked unless she were torpe doed. "Without a doubt, the Lords of the British Admiralty could give complete information about the matter," commented DNB, German official news agency. of 5193 gross tons and owned by the Hindustan Steam Shipping Co. Ltd., with Newcastle the port of registry. The American Farmer left Lon don presumably last Friday with about 135 passengers aboard; The survivors probably will be brought to New York, where the ship is due Sept 25. France Reports Sinking Its First Enemy ' Submarine. PARIS, Sept 18 (AP). France reported tonight it had sunk its first enemv submarine since war was declared against Germany. A general staff communique reported the attack on the submarine was carried out "with success." But U. S. World War Ace Says Air Fleets Will Be Decimated When Real Fighting Stars. KANSAS CITY, Mo., Sept 18 (AP).Capt Eddie Rickenbacker, America's foremost ace in the Wordl War, today gave Germany's air force credit for the quick cap ture of Poland. - "The air ofense was carefully planned," he said. "The German air fleet first paralyzed the Polish air force by systematically destroying the major air fields, also making it impossible for French and British planes to come to Polands aid. "The cities followed. Then came the bombing of railroads, bridges and highways, cutting of fthe amy's life-line of food and war ma terials. The swift entry of mech anized forces into thebomb-numbed country finishes the job. It will be a ong war," Ricken backer continued. "Bombers do swift devastating work, but the air fleets will be quickly decimat ed when the belligerents settle down to real fighting. Rickenbacker, president of an air line, recently returned from European trip. note to the envoy of a state they claim is existing no longer." Copies of the note were sent to 24 countries, including the United States. The notes to Britain and France added that neutrality would be observed toward them. Menace to Soviet Union. The notes said Poland "has be come a fertile field for any accl dental and unexpected contingency which may create a menace to the Soviet Union." At Workers' neetings in many parts of the Soviet Union, cheers greeted the reading of Molotov's speech and the news Poland had been entered from the East The text of Premier Molotov's address and his notes explaining Russia's invasion of Poland will be found on Fage &-A. Two Americans Among 17 Lost When Norwegian Ship Hits Mine. NEW YORK, Sept 18 (AP). Developments in sea warfare yesterday added two more ships and 23 more lives to the ever-lengthen ing toll of mines and torpedoes. Known ship casualties since the outbreak of the European war, two weeks ago yesterday, mounted to 38 with an aggregate gross tonnage Of 176,158. Britain's known ship losses were increased to 22 when the steamer Kafirstan of Newcastle, 5913 gross tons, was reported torpedoed a few hundred miles off the British Isles Sunday. Neutral victims mounted to six, when it became known that the Norwegian motorship Ronda, 5316 tons, struck a mine Sept 13 off the Netherlands coast Two Americans were among the 17 drowned with the Ronda. Four other American passengers aboard the Ronda and 16 seamen were picked up Friday by the Italian freighter Prowidenza, which put them ashore late Saturday night at Flushing, The Netherlands. The survivors suffered from hunger and exposure after mors than two days without food or water in a lifeboat They reported that 17 1 Submarine Bombed After Sinking British Freighter. NEW YORK, Sept. 18 (AP) Capt. H. A. Pedersen, master of the United States liner, American Farmer, reported to line offices last night that as he was rescuing 29 persons. from the sinking British ship, Kafiristan, an airplane bombed the submarine which had torpedoed the Kafiristan. Pedersen said the submarine, ap parently German, replied with ma chine guns and disappeared, leav ing-a very heavy white smoke on the surface." The line said that Pedersen and those aboard the American Farm er apparently witnessed the fight between the British airplane and submarine far off the coast of Ire land. The message from Capt. Peder sen read: "Rescued 29 members of the crew British steamer Kafiristan sunk by submarine 400 miles west of Scil- ly (isles). Six men missing due to submarine action. "Submarine assisted us to locate boats, using rockets and blinker burvivors report submarine com mander very humane. tood by until we arrived. (Sub marine) also offered towage toward Ireland if not located. "Survivors cheered submarine commander.' During rescue operation airplane suddenly appeared, bombarded submarine. Submarine responded with machine gun fire, then disappeared leaving very heavy white smoke on surface. "Survivors health generally good. Pedersen." Lloyd's gives the Kafiristan as THEATER IN LONDON OFFERS $40,000 FOR HITLER'S CAPTURE Germans and Poles Arrange for Americans and Others to Leave Be-tJ leaguered City. Reward for Taking of Fuehrer Alive Announced to Audiences. (Copyright, 1939.) LONDON, Sept 18. The man agement of a London motion pic ture theater today offered its audiences a reward of 10,000 (about $40,000 at current exchange) for the capture alive of Fuehrer Adolf Hitler. BRITAIN PROMISES LESS WAR NEWS CENSORSHIP LONDON, Sept 18 (AP). The Ministry of Information announced today the War Cabinet had author ized greater freedom in the report ing of war news and that press comment was to be given more lati tude. The world press will be rep resented temporarily at the Western front until . other correspondents- are authorized, by one man, A. GJ German Convicted of Espionaje il BUDAPEST, Sept 18 (AP),-Win saw's fate was unknown here to. day as the Polish Capital's lone ra dio station, her last contact with the outside world, remained silent throughout the night Until now the "all's well" tlgntl has been sounded nightly at 30-mc ond intervals to the tinkling ac companiment of xylophone musie and announcements that the citr still was holding out against the German besiegers. The Warsaw station announced yesterday that foreign consul, which include the veteran United States Consul-General John K. Da. vis and his staff of a half-dozea Americans, would be permitted to leave the besieged city today under a German-Polish agreement. The decision was reached at 4 brief meeting of German and Polish plenipotentiaries outside War. saw. Shortly before that announcement, the Polish legation here bad announced the city would be defended to the "bitter end" despits the Nazi threat to annihilate it Consul-General Davis has a record of nearly 30 years in the servj ice. With him in Warsaw, it waj reported, were foreign officen George J. Haering of New York, William M. Cramp of Pennsylvania, Douglas Jenkins Jr. of South Carolina; N. Williams Blake of Ohio, and E. Tomlin Bailey of New Jersey. The meeting of the Posish and uerman representatives was arranged during the day while thi Warsaw station broadcast appeal! for continued resistance. Warsaw has charged that Na planes and artillery have blasts civilian centers for many days. The civilian population has been reduced to one plate of soup daily under what Polish officials said was a steady rain of shells and bombs from the Germans. When the German ultimatum that the city surrender and civilians leave within 12 hours expired yesterday , afternoon, the Warsaw station played Polish anthems and broadcast patriotic talks. The weather in Poland was described as extremely bad, with heavy rains hampering the advance of the Nazis' motorized equipment, especially around Lwow, whert heavy fighting was said to be is progress. Lwow is in Southeastern Poland. 3 LIFE FOR NAZI SPY IN FRASCf Clifford, Keuter (British news agency) correspondent, who worked formerly in Berlin and Spain. Lord Camrose, publisher of the! Daily Telegraph, has been named chief assistant to Lord MacMillan, Minister of Information. Maginot Line Area. NANCY, France, Sept 15 (AP). Martin Thelen, 44-year-old German, was sentenced to life imprisonment today after being convicted in a military court of espionage ia the Maginot line region. Crews Refuse to Sail Under Irish Flag; Registry to Be Changed. HOLYHEAD, England, Sept 18 (AP). The owners of three ships wohse crews refused to sail under the Irish flag as a matter of loyaltv to England made arrangements today to change ports of registration so the British flag could be flown At first, the question was raised whether dependents of the crew, if they sailed under the Irish flag, would be entitled to compensation for loss of life or injury under compensation scale laid down by the British Board of Trade. When this issue was settled, the spokesman of the sailors brought up the question of loyalty. Ireland has adopted a stand of neutrality in the present war. The vessels are owned by the Lon don, Scotland & Midland Railway and operate over the Irish Sea. They now are registered in Dublin, but have been sailinsr under the British flag. The crews held them up here today by their refusal to sail under the Irish flag. Dispatches from Europe and the Far East are now subject to cemorship. 3W 330G.ll PI3IIDai3iHH'-Dl!'lt)tt & Op QfiGflffift) L 3ir 3t 3 mm? m n MT. AUBURN MARKET 6128 Easton Ave-Wellston Prices for Tuesday Frankfurters Bologna, lb. . 1C; PORK SHOULDER, u.1 Oel CHUCK (',;,Tk12c AEOLIQ I T" . usEnsy theftati ojt the ST.LOUIS' MUNICIPAL OPSttA IN THEIR HOTEL Mancy McCord s Robert Chisholm Afollin Company of Miuoutl I 1004 OUvc Strtct j PletM lend complete infor- mitian concttning your ule of J pwno utd by the Sum of ih Municipal Open. j Nimt. Addncu Our Piffio f loots an Air-Condit'wd JlSTOUTJDirJG DEDUCTIONS in brand new Steinway; Chickering, George Steck, Story & Gark and Musette Grand and Console Pianos used by the Stars of the St. Louis Municipal Opera . . . some "used only two or three weeks . . . none used more than three months. Every Piano included in this sale is guaranteed by the maker and the Aeolian Company of Missouri. Lowest prices in many years . . . values that cannot be excelled. mm mm mm mm mm mt mm mm mm m m mm ; X. W At Ai X Zm i X A At Am I A LJtoraf Allowance on Your Pntmnt lntrumnt Gorgeous Console Pianos in all of the smart new design, personally selected by distinguished Opera Stars. ..some are autographed, all are in perfect condition -and available for immediate delivery at very low prices. OPEN EVENINGS AEOUAN COMPANY OF MISSOURI W. . CM11SIIK PtISIDINT 1004 OLIVE STREET "3! aTciffy mttrmttlvm 4livtV mrrmmgnmmtt tmr mut-ml-to pttrcAara aaM tim xl T J i

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