St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on July 6, 1902 · Page 34
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 34

St. Louis, Missouri
Issue Date:
Sunday, July 6, 1902
Page 34
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Sunday morxikh-kt. LOTUS POST-DISPATCH -July e, mos. THREE ST. LOUIS BLOCKS ARE HONEYCOMBED BY CATACOMBS " -r.. Excelsior Brewery. - .jfcBS' dmg&m -'PSJJUa, m B ' Jl ymssTir ii i SrSBlS1 t .gpNiON DEPOT. ? BEWrEK'3UB-CELUASC rP BENEATH TH " jL j H 1 l i:.-L.-j,. They Were Originally Natural Caves Around the Present Union Station, and Were in Former Years the Cool Summer Repositories of St. Louis Been, THOUSANDS of persons pass over the catacombs of St. Louis every day. Few of tbem have ever heart! that the catacombs exist. Xearly all the suburban cbvellers who travel by rail walk twice a day over the arched caverns on Market street and on Chestnut street near Eighteenth street. These caverns are 35 feot under the surface of the pavement. Street cars nimble oer them, and so do ice wajrons. The tower of Union station rests on one of the caverns of the St. Louis eata-, combs. The new ticket office nni the second-class waiting rooms are over two of these caverns. WHEN Theodore Link, the architect of Cnlon Station. Legan exploring the site of the proposed structure, he fjund it had once been occupied by a brewery of th3 time when ice machines were unknown, andbrawlng had to be done in winter .r.d huge cellars wer required in which to store sufficient beer for summer consumption. These cellars had to be so far below ground that the heat of the St. Louis summer could not Invade them. The coolest and dryest cellars were thosa in the solid rock. Many natural caverns underlie St. Louis. All these were explored by the breweries, and most of them were used as cold storage plants. Some of the breweries located at the mouths of caves. Lemp's brewery cellar is a natural cav?. The old Pittsburg brewery had a natural cave near the House of Refuga. .There is a cave in Marine avenue. Prung had a cave cellar east of Ca-rondelet avenue. Kerzinger had a cave cfcl'ar on Prairie avenue, two blocks south of Natural Bridge road. There is a cave on Shenandoah and Ann avenues, east of Eighteenth street. The largest cave of all is the Erglish cave, in which Paul Wack has a wine cellar. Klausman's cave and Uhrig's cave were beer cellars dug out of the rocks. There is a cave near Benton Park that was once used as a beer cellar. The catacombs of 3t. Louis are much like Uhrig's cave. They were blasted out of the rocks and double arched and divided by brick masonry. There are two tombstones in the Excelsior brewery caves. They are set sid by sida in the rock, 35 feet below M arket street. By CHRISTOPHER A. STIFEL, President German National Insurance Company of St. Louis. THERE are no tombs in the cellars under the Excelsior brewery at Eighteenth and Market. There are tombstones or memorial tablets. I put up (Ties ml brass 7" 1 ij Map showing the location of cellars and sub-cellars extending from the brewery property. one of them when I was manager of the brewery after the death of Julius Wlnkel-meyer. These tombstones are at the entrance to the spot in the lower cellar where Julius Winkelmeyer and Friedereich Stifel used to sit- and plan. 4 They had no office then. Both were buried In Pickett's cemetery. Winkelmeyer was finally removed to Bellefon-taine. They began business at Second and Convent streets, in 1S45, with 400 each and a shed with a brewing kettle under it. The shed was near the gas works. Stifel made the beer and Winkelmeyer sold it. They located their cave or cellars at Eighteenth and Market streets, and In 1846 moved the brewery there. All they had then beside the cellar under the building proper was a double cellar under Market street. This caved in from a flood, and the young brewers thought they were ruined, but Francis Sellar, who built the cellar, told the boys if they would get the mortar he would build up the wall again and charge them nothing. The marble tablets are at the entrance to the south end of this cellar. When the brewery was turned over to the trust it had more storage capacity than any brewery in town, unless It was Lemp's. It had too much cellar room under the ice machine system, which makes summer brewing possible and keeps beer cool above ground as- well as below. The two cellars that run from the south curb of Market BIRDS -Si EASILY HYPNOTIZED North Carolina Hypnotist Puts the Wildest of Them to Sleep in Five Minutes. street to the north curb of Chestnut up to the line of the Good Shepard property, now occupied by the City Hospital, have been abandoned altogether. They have manholes on Market street and on Chestnut. Not long ago a coal wagon driver backed up a load of coal to the sidewalk on Market street, and. taking off the cover of the brewery cellar, dumped the coal down there and drove away. The next day the tenant who had ordered the coal made a protest becavise no coal had been delivered. The coal company assured th-s tenant the coal had been placed in the cellar. Investigation was made, and it was found the wrong manhole had been opened The coal company wanted the brewery to get the coal out. he brewery told Jthe coal company it was welcome to AND CETAAK VNOtRL get tt out iself. The cellar is 38 feet below the ground. The coal company thought it would be cheaper to bring another load of coal. All the buildings along Market street belong to the brewery, which lights and lrats theii. One tenant was undesirable and stuck, though the rent was doubled. One duy the colored girl was don in the cellar splitting kindlings when the workmen were taking the ammonia pipes out of the abandoned cellar. They were pounding and talking. The girl heard thetn, and rushed up stairs and told her mistress that spirits were In the cellar, and asked for her dis charge. No more colored women would come to work, so the tenant moved away. There are cellars from Seventeenth street to Eighteenth, and from Market to Walnut. Unrig, who had a. brewery on the site of the Union Depot, had three cellars, two storage cellars and a. big mailing cellar. The staUon cooling plant Is In one. Uhrig built the cave 'at Jefferson and Washington avenues because It was a high place and the land was cheap, and he thought . it would hte a good thing to own a beer garden. The spot was covered with oak trees then. There were no houses in the neighborhood. The roads were muddy. The garden was well patronised In sumer, sc Uhrig built the dancing pavilion nu . winter patronage. He might have built more cellars at the brewery, but the ctiou-teau pond made It unlikely that he could keep them dry. We Joined with Uhrig In building a deep sewer to drain the cellars of the two breweries. r The first tablet in the cellar of the Excelsior brewery was placed there when the cholera carried oft Frederlch and Merle Stifel, his wife, the same week. The tablets are side by side. They read, 'Frederlch and Marie Stifel. gest d 27 u 2b June, 1847 auder cholera," and "Julius "Winkelmeyer. gestorben den 23 Jan., 1867. auder, halsentzundung." Winkelmeyer died of throat trouble. When .the Union Station company went to work to lay its foundations it decided to tear out the Uhrig cellars. But It usod j dynamite at the corner of Eighteenth md Market streets without effect, so It derided I in let the cellars alone. Pillars rest rn the center walls of the -ellar. r ASHEVILLE, N. C. June 2. Special Correspondence of the Sunday Post-Dispatch. JW". C. DEAKE. a florist of Ashcville. N. C, can hypnotize chickens birds, cats, dogs, horses and nearly fill domesticated and half-tamed animals. His theory is that they are controlled from ganglia and are not directed from n central brain, that they do not respond to hypnotic Influence. :"It appears impossible to set them to fix their nttencicn for any length of time. In fact, I think that they lack the power altogether. "Birds .tnd chickens are the easiest managed. I have never seen one yet that I could not put to sleep, and that in a peaceable way. In Ave minutes. "The stories of their being fascinated by snakes, especially rattlers, is undoubtedly true. Any glittering object, if it is mal enough, will serve to fix n bird's attention. For example. I can take this marble (picking up a bright red one, half an Ich In diameter) and hold it up In front of our canary bird's nose and he immediately begins to Raxj at it. "He won't take his eyes away or even bl'nk. H will stare at It as if his life depended upon the undertaking. In two or three minutes he will d-op dow.i on the floor of his cage perfectly limp. 'Catbirds and robins taken wild from the trees will do the same thin:. If you tos them in the nlr they make a feeble at-tenpt to pprend win? and flutter down again ir a perfectly nerveless fashion. When hypnotized the animals he-Mine p.-r .'.c tly dorile. and in the case of birds vd chickens the fowls arc stupefied ami emain so from a quarter to half an hour." Mr. Deake can tame the most mettlesome Jony and turn It Into a trick animal by . ew strokes at the side of the nostrils and H steady gating for a few moments into the pony's eye. " "Animals are Just as .uj-cptibic to hypnotic influ -nce as human Icings are." said Mr. Deake. ... "Hyonotlsm Is properly a phase of ani--1 magnetism. Star tins with this l.y-esls, 1 said to myself that one ought to to control anUnals in much the X - ..' -.. "Ik V . ' Vi same way that n skillful operator puts a man to sleep und directs his ideas and movements "A very good way to hypnotize fowls, especially chickens. Is to stroke the top -t the head evenly and regularly for a feT minutes. "Another successful way with a chicken is to hold his bill down to the ground or th floor and draw a chalk mark straight out from his nose." Mr. Deake illustrated his theory by hyno-tizlng a chicken in these various ways .-fore a camera. The rooster was an ordinary barn-yard fowl, noted In his unhypnotized state for thrashing all the other fowls in the vicinity. Owing to the' fact that ehickens and flowers are incompatible Mr. Deake does not keep chickens around his greenhouses, and the rooster was chased and overpowered in a neighboring yard. He began by being extremely full of fiaht, and Mr. Deake began by holding the rooster off at arm's length and looking hard in his eye. Aftor a bit the chicken became more docile, and Mr. Deake reached out a hand and began, stroking his head. In two minutes he was stretched out limp across Mr. Deike's knees, ready to have his picture taken In the second experiment Mr. Deake, arter getting the chicken thoroughly roused again, held him firmly by the wings and set him down on top of a table. A chalk murk was then drawn straight out in tront of Mr Chicken's nose. The chicken gazed In a stupefied way at the white line. The hynotist let go of the rooster's wings and gave him a smart shake. He refused to budge and remained with his bill glued to the chalk line. While hypnotized the chicken tumbled down on the floor, but made no motion toward getting up. It appeared to be sleepy or half-paralyzed. Mr. Deake beli?ves that eventually hypnotism will be used as the only "method of training and handling wild animals for zoo logical gardens, menageries, etc. Horses anil dogs obey very readily when under the Influence of hypnotism. "Animals tuust b , taught their, tricks, of course. STL; 'fil I JI i i WOMEN'S GUIDES IN HEALTH AND BEAUTY Answers to Questions From Readers of the Sunday Post-Dispatch. To Bemove Superfluous Hair. BETTJE I think it very much better to purchase a depilatory than to make one at home, but, as you have particularly asked for different recipes, I will give them to you. It will probably cost more to make either of them at home than to purchase enough to last a year, and nine out of ten fail disastrously to get satisfactory results. One of the oldest depilatories manufactured, and which has a very large sale, is as follows: Sulphydrate of soda, moo grains; chalk 300 grains. Make into a thin parte with water and apply to the hairy part, and let it remain a few moments and then scrape it off with a blunt blade a paper knife, for example. The effect of this depilatory is to destroy the hair, which comes oft when scraped. Another good depilatory is made as follows: Sulphate of soda, 100 grains; slacked lime SO grains: starch, "0 grains: lime water, 4 fluid drams. Apply a5 the preceding. Barium sulphate i. also used as a pa.te for depilatories. The standard formula is: Barium sulphide, SO grains; powdered chalk, 400 gTalns. Mix with water. The barium sulphide must be absolutely dry to be effective when It Is mixed with the c'lf.Ui. Enough water should be nfterwfrd Hir: to make a thin paste. Sulphide of stronitlum makes also xi efficient depilatory. It is made as follows: Sulphide of strontium. ! drams: oxide of xino. 3 clrams; powdered starch. 3 drams. Mis thoroughly und keep dry in well corked bottlrs until wanted for use. Take to make a and add warm wrifr to It urtll the proper consistency is secured. Spread over the hairy surface and allow to remain fnr from one to five minutes, according to the nat'.ire of the growth anl the Fuseentibi'ity of the skin. It should be removed, as hi every case with a depilatory, when the burning sensation is produced. Too !o;ip crntact m'lth the skin should be avoided, and Immediately urt?r the hair has been removed the denuded surfaee rhould be gently washed with warm water and a cold cream or a bland oil applied to prevent irritatlcn. TJse of the Face Scrubbing Brush. 1NQC1RER. I certainly do believe in the camel's hair face scrubbing brush. Unfortunately there are a great miny brushes that are called the correct bruh and are worthUss. Immerse the brush in water as hot as can be pleasantly borne. Soap It well. Just as you would if you were about to use It for your hands. Scrub the fscs thoroughly, taking especial care of the places that most require cleansing. Rinse the face with cooler clean water, so as to get all tho soap out of the pores. Dry carefully, and apply a cream or toilet balsam; any good emollient will answer. , A Simpls Mouth Wash. CAROLINE. Nothing can be more simple thin the mouth wash J give you. It Is easily made If you have the lngreJI-ents as you say. Rub together in a mortnr one-half ounce each of pulverized borax and strslned honey; then add gradually or.e pint of pure alcohol and one-half ounce each of gum myrrh and red saunders wood. Let lh whole stand in a large-mouthed glass bottl for two weeks. Shake the bottle occasion, ally. Pass through a flleterlng paper and it is ready for use. RULES IN RTTQI JHTTF-by the uFday post-dispatch expert whether hypnotized or not" said Mr. through their Maces wlthoat the sersra Deake. "hut after they once learn what's treatment usually meted out to cirus anl required they can be nrpnotlzed and put mala and entirvly without danger. AT ehnrcb weddlnr 1 It rPT tot the brld and cmoiu-man to enter first or the brMcmatd anil groom there belli? do one to gWe the bride urn) ! Alo. doe the crouimmao stanJ to the of the croum, and do the bridesmaid and CToonMmaa tnj back of or alongside the eon pi Wlien la the proper time to renio'e the bride's glores? Does ths brloe pas out of the church Brut? n IZEI At a church wedding the groomsmen and ushers enter first. It is perfectly proper for the bride to enter alone If there Is no one to give he away. The bridegroom and hi" best man meet the bride at the altar. Tha groom men stand to the right and a stejJ back of the groom. Now that tho sjeathw la to warm most bride tuiua with gloves entirely. Th? 1 ride and bridegroom pa.s out f f the church first. The Etiquette of Stamps. YOUNG MATRON. The postage stamp should be placed rojuare'y and r.eatly on the rifht-hand upper corner of the envelope. Must Have a Matron to Assist. Will u ktadlr Inf orm me It It fc pro;i-r fr an unmarried 'uuf wan to have his widowed Hxxher rel-el lth htm? CN. It would be highly Improper for the unmarried man to receive women guests excepting with his mother or wm other married woman to act as matron. An unmarried man receiving ladles as guests rouat hare a matron to assist hlir, and, of course, where a -nan has a mother b should ask her ta act a hoaieaa. Acknowledgment of Wedding Oifta. W'ulrh U ioper. to a-knorled wtdlii inwili befma tt after the weddlog. If tha pally tare a bridal trip? Wedding presents shou'd be acknowledged as soon as possible either before or attf the wedding. It is better form. U a girl' can possibly do so. and It 1 more courteous,! ...-L...n! mrerfiiinar sifts immediately after their re-eptlun. Legally I Thla Huahaad De4. : Kln.Hj inform m If I womaa arl left kuaian4 12 yeara ago aad aot aeea or beard trrm falra a!ne M entttle4 to warry K. O. After seven years I believe a deserting wife or husband who cannot be located sj legally dead. You should consult a lawyar5 on this point. I am not cosnecteat a.; r legal question, k

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