St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on July 3, 1917 · Page 1
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 1

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Tuesday, July 3, 1917
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Business Growth Is Planned NIGHT EDITION And pushed to tucccss along- definite lines by many houses wilh ftood agents. 8f nt Wanted Ad were printed in the I'ost-Dlspatch last week. More than the KOI n other St. I.ouls nrm-papcrs t tlMHI VKD. so 34 Ony Evmmg Paper in St. Louis With Axcciated Press News Service i VOL. 69. NO. 318. ST. LOUIS, TUESDAY EVENING, JULY 3, 1917 16 PAGES. PRICE , l.oula aaa Suburbs. Om C eat laewhere. Two Cents. it I! 1R M GET 0VA1DN Girls Administer Kisses and Pin Flags on Them; Men Wildly Cheer. ORPHANS KNEEL TO FLAG Battalion Will Participate Tomorrow in Fourth of July Celebration. PARIS, July 3. A battalion of American troops arrived in 1-aris this morn-Ins to parade tomorrow, July 4. The Americans were greeted by wildly enthusiastic crowds when they marched to Neuilly Barracks, where they are chartered. The Americans arrived at the Auster-llts station at 1A o'clock, having been E6 hours on the way from the French port at which they debarked. Headed by their own band, the soldiers carrying their rifles and field packs, fell in and marched off to the barracks. The crowds waved American and French flags. Hundreds of Ameri cans were In the throng. I'lonrra In Their Path. As the troops swung through the streets, French girls pinned bouquets and American flags on the soldiers' breasts, Flowers were scattered alonf the route. The band played "Yankc; Doodle." "Dixie," "Marching Throuen Georgia" and other American alrrf French soldiers on leave grasped th-: hands of the Americans and marched besldo them. several times groups of shop girls on their way to work slirped through thf police lines and kissed the soldiers, 1 1 their great embarrassment. N.,w and then an American voice would be hesnl calling out. "Hello, boys, welcome to Paris," or "Good luck." When the regi mental colors were carried past, the men bared their heads. The Americans were greatly surprised to see a number of children kneel In the street as the ' r was carried by. They were orphan., rom' an institution In the neighborhood. The soldierly bearing of the men im pressed the military observers. They were lean and brown, aud the new Held I packs gave them quite a. different ap- I poiiranoe from British or continental l soldiers. Honors for Gen. PfrHm. On the morning of the Fourth a French band will serenade Gen. Pershing, playing patriotic airs out side his mansion window. After ward the General will be tbe central figure In a commemorative ceremony at the Invalides, where he will be pre sented with a pennant by the Society of the Cincinnati of France, and aim with a lace flag donated by the town of Le Fuy, Haute-Loire. The Amer ican troops, headed by an escort of 30 French soldiers, will march afterward to the Picpus Cemetery, where speeches will be made at the tomb of Lafayette. The American troops' participation in the celebration was requested by the French authorities. POSTOFFICE BUSINESS AS 'USUAL' Postmaster Selph says that business Is "as usual" in the St. Louis postoffice. He announces receipts at the postoffice as follows: Postal receipts. June, 1917. $446,596,4S; postal receipts, June, 1916. 41S.476.6S: de crease, $2sso.20, or .64 per cent. Receipts, ouarter ending June 30, l!M7, $1,379.- 4.T2,3T; receipts, quarter ending June 30, 1!1, 1.367.9:i,R6: increase, $11,435.49, or .S4 per cent. Receipts year ending June 30, 1917, $5,800.6!U.48; receipts year ending June SO. 1016. J.V533.162.49; Increase, $C67,- 62KR9. or 4,83 per cent. This shows a decrease in postal re- icipia oi per cent ior June, 1317. as compared with the same month In the preceding year; an increase of S4 per cent for the quarter ending June 30, 1917, as compared with the same quarter iai year, ana an increase of 4.68 per cent for the year's receipts as compared with those of the preceding year. U-BOAT WAR ON SWEDISH .SHIPS Fear teasels Reported Sank Ontside Bloekade Zone la Day. LONDON, July S. German submarined have opened a campaign against th Swedish merchant fleet along the Norwegian northern coast, according to nn Exchange Telegraph dispatch from Copenhagen today. Newnpapcr reports state that four ea-tels were attacked and sunk yesterday outside the blockade zone, the crews being compelled to take hastily to the life boats. BRITISH TO RECRUIT HERE VIIHes Also to Be Opened a Other! Western Hies. L TOHK, July 3 Recruiting of fices for the British army are to be Opened boon in Chicago, San Francisco. . iouis irau iew urieans, it was an nounced today by Ucn. V. A. White !n tharre of this work iu the United Stste. Al prenent recrutiiijt .n the West is be ing done by I'nited Status army acenu. Visitors' accommodation directory to- day I'o.st Pidpatch Hoom and Board ant coIuiom. ON PAHS FIRST MEMBER OF AMERICAN OVERSEAS FORCES IS KILLED Ohio Man and French Instructor Burned to Death In Hydronlrplane at To urn Camp. PARIS, July 3. Th.: first war victim among America's overseas forces w,cs kiiled Friday, when Thomas Winch Barrett of Mantor, O.. a member of the I'nited States aeronautical service, witii i- French officer, an airplane instructor, fell 1000 feet ir. a machine which caught fire, burning both to death. Barrett was one of the lJ0 Americans attached to the navy who were sent to France to learn to puot hydroairpianes. the party was assigned to the Tours aviation camp, w here Barrett soon exhibited evidence that he would make a fine pilot. Friday afternoon he went up with a French instructor sitting behind him. At a height of 1000 feet the airplane burst Into flames and fell. The funeral was held Saturday. Barrett's coffin was carried on a gun carriage draped in the Stars and Stripes. The French instruc tor was interred beside him. SIX WOMEN AT NOON WEDNESDAY FAIL TO OBTAIN NAYY RECRUITS Mrs. Theodore Ilenolst Makes Address hlle Five W Others Solicit F.nltst-nienta Among; Listeners, As a part of the Navy League's pro gram in getting recruits during Navy week, Mrs. Theodore Benoist of 4134 Berlin avenue addressed a crowd of men at noon today on Twelfth street, be tween Olive and Locust streets. Five other society women went among the listeners asking men to enlist in naval service. No recruits were obtained. James C. Jones, a lawyer, made the opening speech. He explained that join ing the navy exempted men fro mthe draft, although men drafted would not be assigned to this branch of service. He introduced Mrs. Benoist, who made a short speech. She has two sons in the army and two in the navv. " WAR TAX BILL COMPLETED eaate will Consider Measure Ui Voting: on Food Control. WASHINGTON, July 3. -The war tax nil, re-drafted and reduced to $1,670,170 000 by the Senate Finance Committee, as against the $1,800,000,000 of additional taxes proviaea as it came from the House, was completed todav. Consider. aion will begin in the Senate after the food control prohibition measure is dis rosed of. No additional bonds will be authorized under the bill as any deficit, it is be lleved, can be taken care of by Ccn gress In ample time at next December's session, although the measure will fall short by many millions of meeting . penses for the war next year. REGULARS 50,000 MEN SHORT More Than 20OO Obtained I One Day Inst Week. WASHINGTON. July 3,-Recruitin week for the regular army reached its climax on the concluding day, Saturday, when more than 2000 men were accepted, but the army is still .innnr, men snort or run war strength. tmiiyniBn lor recruits will he pressed steadily and Bridadier-Generai .ucain, Adjutant-General of the armi .uu in .iiisc ui recruiting, said he hoped there would be no necessity to resort 10 me selective draft to fllll th ranks. I.ansinfr'a Father-ln-l,in m vv ATLRTOWN, N. T., July S.-Jnhn vv. rosier, rormer secretary of State, and father-in-law of Secretary Lansin is seriously 111 at his summer home at jienaerson iiaroor, near here. Th HauVitera Mr T.anclnf, .1 ... ... . .. aim .mrs. Allen .nacy uuues or AuDurn, have been sum moned.- July Offerings Were very much in evidence in yesterday's Post-Dispatch. Clearing sales and regular announcements from our Home-Merchants aggregated 58 Columns in the Post-Dispatch Alone The other !St. Louis newspapers fared, as usual, when on the same dar and date 3 out of all 4 Added together only printed 54 Columns Post-Dispatch alone beat all 3 combined with an excess of 4 columns. This is a regular stunt for the Post-Dispatch extending over years and years of consecutive supremacy and is not without reason a mighty pood reason, and that is a mcr-ehandise-movinjr CIRCULATION :V2fc weekday in St. Louis and Suburbs. Average for the first 6 Months. 191": Sunday, 362,858 Daily and Sunday, 195,985 ' ' First in Everything. ' ' SEVERAL HUNDRED DEGRGES BROUGHT Party of Men, Women and Children Escorted to West End of Eads Bridge. SOME THROW AWAY ARMS Municipal Lodging House Used for Temporary Care of the Refugees. An officially conducted exodus of sev eral hundred East St. Louis negroes to St. Louis took nlace shortly before noon today. The negro men, women and chil dren who had been under the protection of Illinois- militiamen in the East Sice city hall since last night were rounde-J up and were marched, by the Lads bridge route, to this city. Two militia companies served as their escort. The St. Louis Municipal Lodging House, 110-112 South Twelfth street, was opened to the refugees by order of act ing Mayor Aloe, and $100 was taken from the Mayor's contingent fund for the feeding of the negroes there. A negro charitable organization, with ar. office near the city hall, did what it could to care for those who were directed to it. A meeting of city officials and Keo Cross representatives wa called for the purpose of providing for the needs of the destitute blacks in the next few days. The refugees were of every age and size. There were infants in arms, and children pushed in buggies or pulled In express wagons. There were pickanin- es carrying pets, one hugging a small thicken. There were white-haired men and bux om mammies, and there were men and women, young and middle-aged, who seemed unable to recover from" the hor ror of yesterday's experiences, or to re alize where they were going. The fugitives carried band baggage and household possessions of all sorts. Some talked of finding relatives or friends in St. Louis, and some were without any other thought than to get away from the town where, they felt, their lives might be no safer tonight than they were last night. They were more than 20 minutes cross ing the Broadway viaduct, which leads to the bridge approach. The two com panies or soldiers would have been a scanty protection for so many negroes if the spirit of last evening had been shown by the white men along the streets, but there was no attempt to molest the pitiable procession. At the bt. Louis end or the bridge, a police guard inspected and searched the men. but permitted all to enter the city. Two negro men seized suit cases which travelers had laid down, and ran away with them, a policeman throwing his club after one of them in the attempt to stop him. Etrlier in the morning, smaller groups of negro refugees were taken into St- Louis over the free bridge. One of the boys told of his home having been fired upon by the whites. He said that every time he ventured out on the street he was slapped or kicked. He and his mother finally packed some of their belongings and fled. Among the refugees were several Southern negroes who said that they had been attracted to East St. Louis by advertisements for laboring men, offering good wages. The jobs were offered by steel plants, street railway companies and the aluminum ore works, they said. They did not know Continued on Page 2. Colnoin 8. ACROSS THE RIVER Negroes Leaving East St. Louis I mj, The band of refugees is proceeding uesttvard on Main street, toivard the viaduct over Cahokia Creek PARTLY CLOUDY AND WARMER FOR FOURTH THE TEMPERATURES. 1 a. m. 5 a. m. .71 .64 8 a. m. 2 p. m. and Lincoln V esterday) High, 84, at 4 p. m.j low, 69, at 5 a. m. Official forecast for St. Louts and vicinity I CAME r ROM. Illinois! Partly elondy to night and tomorrow, probably becoming unsettled tomorrow night warmer tomorrow. Missouri Partly cloudy tonight and tomorrow; probably becoming unsettled tomorrow; warmer in northwest portions tonight and in north portions tomorrow. Illinois Fair tonight and tomorrow, followed by unsettled weather In west portion tomorrow; .farmer In northwest portions tomorrow. Stage of river at 7 m., 22 feet, a fall of .3 foot. LIBRARIES INSTALLED AT SOLDIERS' CAMPS HERE Books Will He Supplied to Y. M. C. A. Tents at Barn ks. MaxwelJton and Cbaln of Rocks. The Sr Louis Public Library today will install traveling libraries in tne Y. M. C. A. tents at Jefferson Barracks. Maxwellton and the Chain of Rocks for the soldiers. The volumes were selected by Public Librarian A. E. Bostwlck and Philemon Bevis, metropolitan secretary of the Y. M. C. A. Most of the books ore Action, but a few scientific volumes relating to war service have been put In. Five hundred books were sent this morning to the Y. M. C. A. tent at the Chain of Rocks, where 1X0 men of the Kneineeringr Corps are stationed, and 300 volumes will go to the Y. M. C. A tent at Maxwellton for the First Regiment, Dr. Bostwick has announced. More than 1000 volumes will ro to Jefferson Barracks. The necessary bookcases and equipment have been furnished by the Public Library. The volumes will be exchanged frequently. Free Band Concert Tonight Poeppins's Band at St, Louis Place, and Falkenhainer's Band, at Washington Square (city hall lawn), 7 to 9:30 o'clock. Municipal Tanre Tnnleat. At Buder Square, 7:30 to 9:30 o'clock. No Regular Edition of the Post-DUpatch Tomorrow THE St. I.ouis afternoon newspapers, including the Post-Liispateh. will not issue anj regular edition tomorrow. The Post-Pisnatch will be prepare!, however, to issue an extra edition if any great news event justifies it. This is the first time that the afternoon papers have observed tl.e Fourth of JjIv in this wav. 3 jp POST-DISPATCH MAN, AN EYE-WITNESS, DESCRIBES MASSACRE OF NEGROES Victims Driven From Home by Fire, Stoned, Beaten and Hanged When Dying Women Fight Militiamen and Assist in Work. By CARLOS F. HURD. A Staff Eeporter of the Post-Dispatch. For an hour and a half last evening I saw the massacre of helpless negroes at Broadway and Fourth street, in downtown East Kt. Louis, where a black skin was a death warrant. I have read of St. Bartholomew 's night. 1 have heard stories of the latter-day crimes cf the Turks in Armenia, and I have learned to loathe the German army for its barbarity in Belgium. But I do not believe that Moslem fanaticism or Prussian f rightfulness could perpetrate murders of more deliberate brutality than those which I saw committed, in daylight by citizens of the State of Abraham Lincoln. I saw man after man, with hands raised, pleading for his life, surrounded by groups of men men who had never seen him before and knew nothing about him except that he was black and saw them administer the historic sentence of intolerance, death by stoning. I saw one of these men, almost dead from a savage shower of stones, hanged 'With a, clothesline, and when it broke, hanged with a rope which held. Within a few paces of the pole from which he was suspended, four other negroes lay dead or dying, another having been removed, dead, a short i time before. I saw the pockets of two of these negroes searched, without the finding of any weapon. Rock Dropped on 'eg:roea Neck. I saw one of these men, covered with blood and half conscious, raise himself on his elbow, and look feebly about, when a young man, standing directly behind him, lifted a flat stone in both hands and hurled it upon his neck. This young man was much better dressed than most of the others. He walked away unmolested. I saw nero women begging for mercy and pleading that, they had harmed no one, set upon by white women of the baser sort, who laughed and answered the coarse sallies of men as they beat the negTesaes' faces and breasts with fists, stones and sticks. I saw one of these furies fling herself at a militiaman who was trying to protect a regress, and wrestle with him for his bayonetted gun, while other women attacked the refugee. What I saw, in the 90 minutes between 6:30 p. m. and the lurid coming of dark ness, was but ons local scene of the drama of death. I am satisfied that, m spirit and method, it typified the whole. And I cannot somehow speak of waht I saw as mob violence. Tt was not my idea of a mob. Crowd Mostly WorUnxnrii. A mob is passionate, a mob loliows i ne man or a few men blindly; a moM sometimes takes chance. The Last St Louis affair, its i fa it. was a man hunt, conducted on a sporting basis, though with anything but the fair ;)!ay which is Ifce principle of sport. The fast St Louis men took no chance, except the char.ee from stray shots. hich every !recttor of their act took. They went in sn;all groups, the was little '-cuderthip. and there v. an horribly tool dcliberalencca and it spirit of f un about St. I cannot allow c ea Under Protection the doubtful excuse of drink. No man whom I saw showed the effect of liquor. It was no crowd of hot-headed youths. Youns men were in the greater number. liut there were the middle-aged, no less active in the task of destroying the life of every discoverable black man. It was a shirt-tleeve gathering, and the men were mostly workingmen, except for some who had the aspect of mere loafers. I have mentioned the peculiarly brutal crime committed by the only man there who had the appearance tit bein-? a business or professional man of any standing. I would be more pessimistic about my fellcw-AT.ericans than I am today, if I could not say that there were other workingmen who protested against the rense'.es3 slaughter. I would be ashamed of myself if I could not say that I forgot my place as a professional observer and joined In such protests. But I do not think any verbal objection had the sligntest ertect. Only a volley of lead would have stopped those mur derers. uet a nigger, was the slogan, and it was varied by the recurrent cry, "Get another!" It was like nothing so much as tne noiiaay crowd, with thumb.i turned down, in the Roman Coliseum except that here the shooters were their own gladiators, and their own wild beasts. When I got off a State street car ob Broadway at 6:30, a fire apparatus was on its way to the blaze In the tear of Fourth street, south from Broadway. A moment s survey showed why thin fire had been set, and what it wa meant to accomplish. Fire Drives Oat Nenroes. The sheds in the rear of negroes houses, which were themelvea in the rear of the mam buildings on Fourth irtreet, had been ignited to drive out ;he negro occupants of the houses. And the slayers were waiting for them to come out. It was stay in and be roasted, or come out and be slaughtered. A moment be fore I arrived, one negro had taken the decperate chance of coming out, and the rattle or revolver fchots. which I heard as I approached the corner, wag fol lowed by the cry. "They've got him:' And tr.ey had. He lay on the pavement a bullet wound in his head and his skull bare In two places. At every movement of pain which showed tha I fe remained, there .-ame a terrific kick Continued on fage S, tola ma 9 of Militiamen on the -tray to Ead.t Bridge. JAPAN WOULD SEND FLEET TO ATLANTIC IF NECESSARY Naval Minister .Makes Statement la Reply to Criticism of Sending of Ships to Mediterranean. TOKIO, July 3. If necessary, Japan may send a fleet, to the Atlantic, said Tomosaburo Kato, Minister of the Navy, In the Diet yesterday. The Minister was replying to criticism of the opposition that the dispatch of Japanese warships to the Mediterranean was not required by the terms of the Anglo-Japanese alliance and was merely for the benefit of the entente and not for Japan. M. Kato declared the Government was justified in co-optrating with the allies to bring about the defeat of Germany. KANSAS HARVEST IN .PROGRESS Wheat Is In the thock In the Southern Tier of Counties. TOPEKA, Kan., July 3. The wheat harvest is now in full swing In Central Kansas. Most of the crop is in the shock in the southern tier of counties. The harvest in Northwestern Kansas, which will be light this year, will not be started until next week. The weather has been ideal for harvesting. Some of the Kansas mills are using new wheat from Oklahoma. Threshing will start in Southern Kansas next week, but many of the farmers will hold their wheat for higher prices. FLOUR PRICE CUT AT CHICAGO Family Brands From Sprlns; Wheat Selling at S12 Barrel. CHICAGO. July 3. A further drop in the price of flour was announced here today, when family brands of spring wheat flour were cut $1, to J12 a barrel. This is $5.80 a barrel below the high point in May. St. Louis millers said today there has been no decrease In the price of spring wheat flour here. This flour is selling from I1L80 to $12.80 a barrel, depending upon the grade. The high point was $17.80, in the middle of May. The price had decreased $3 in the last 30 days. FRANCE TO RETURN MEN TO MINES PARIS, July 2. The magnificent or ganization and working of the British military machine and the entry into tho war of the United States are con siderea In various quarters In France to render It extremely Improbable. ,f not impossible, that there ever will b again a crisis of effectives among the allien. It is thought, therefore, that the time has come for taking certain measures witn a view to lightening the burden on the French. Tbe war minister an nounced at yesterdays sitting of th Chamber of Deputies that three class of miners would be Immediately re leased from the front in order to in crease the output of coal. Woman HOOO ta Ttcljrtasa. Ml L WA LKKE, July S.-Bsron Mon-cttur was made extremely happy on the visit of the Belgian rnisnion to Mil wruaee tocay wnen. following a reception at the city hall, a woman handed to htm an envelope containing a "little offering for the Belgian poor." There wus a $10X certificate In the envelop. Special offers in furnishings for int rummer torn in the Want pace. 24 NEGROES KILLED iN E. ST. LOUIS Twelve Companies of Militia Gain Control of Situation After Ail-Night Rioting and Man - Hunting Three White Men Lose Lives. Guardsmen Patroling the City, and Adjutant-General Believes Military Force Is Ample. Blacks Shot in Their Burning Homes or as They Fled From Them; Others Killed in the Street. Twelve companies of the Illinois National Guard patrolled East St. Louis downtown streets today, in tbe effort to prevent assemblages anywhere which might lead to a renewal of the indiscriminate slaughter of negro men which was carried on yesterday afternoon and last evening by lawless crowds in the tstropls. At 11:30 a. m., white rioters et tire to deserted negro homes on Bond ave nue and Trendley avenue, near Fourth st. Four houses were destroyed and Tt othors partly burned. All were stiil furnished, though the owners ha.! abandoned them. A riot call was scrt. in from Fifteenth and Broadway at about the same time as the fire alarm, md policemen who went there arrest-l 7 men, whites and negroes, bt,t thin listurbancp was considered les fieri- n:s thnn previous ones. '17 Bodies Accounted for. The bodies of 21 negroes, beaten, shot, clubbed and stoned to death, one of them a 2-year-old girl, were in two undertaking establishments, while three other negroes' bodies, partly burned, were still in the streets. Three white men were killed during the evening, James Moore of 423 South Fourth street, Charles Boyle of 442 North Fifth street and Joseph Coleman of 1613 John street. It seemed that additional bodies of negroes might be found in the burned homes in two districts where incendiary fires were set to drive the negroes out. Last evening's atrocities were the culmination of race disturbances in East St. Louis which date from complaints, made in May, of an influx of negro laborers from the South, taking jobs in industrial plants. There wa rioting May 29 and 29, but fatalities were prevented by the calling of mili-tiamcp. Talk against the negroes continued, uid Sunday night, after several mm or ,-ncial encounters, a groop of armed negroes fired on an automobile load of I olicemcn, killing Detective Sergt. ("oppedge and wounding two police- nen. In another place, on the samn light, a policeman and two etbor t lMfe men wero shot by negroes. started by Detectlre's Harder. The Coppedge murder was the oc casion of yesterday afternoon 'e sav- age outbreak, which beeams more acute toward sundown, and which was checked, shortly before dark. when militiamen arrested a large group of white men whs were aboit to lynch a negro on Uroadway. This arrest was tbe first adequate attempt of the State troops to deal with tbt situation. Before this tbey were passive spectators of several atrooio:; killings. The poliee, who setrr.inlv sympathized with the street crowds, were a negligible factor first and las. Shortly before noon, it was announced that more troops would prub-ably not be anked lor today. .Vln tant General Dickson, who tr.irel from Springfield at daylight, hojel the number on hand woild suffice. Of the twelve companies, sis were e duty lniit evening about 400 men in all. The companies woifb itfrne lster were fuller, nomerh s those arriving first. At the city hall coniereute cf i Hi tary officials with the l4sor aa I leading basiness men, it as ec!4J to lay out tbe toa in districts for tbe systematic placing ot g-iar.umea. at Ht. Louis is not under martial 'aw, it on stated, but persons the treeis will be kept moving, ' 1 intend by all that is holy to stop i rioting,' the Adjutant Genera! .aid. "I don't think martial law 1

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