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A TPfl 'JL 'RECTOR Bead the "Wants." ST. LOUIS, SUNDAY MOKNING JULY 29. 1894. Read the "Wants." PAGES town, but I grasped the opportunity to talk nousa or sell It. If they wish to NELLIE BLY C1T Jno.
B. Otlli J. L. Mlzner. Clinton Dr.
Wm. 8. Marsh. Cale Will nomla.ta K.tnrd.Y. til a 38th.
THREE SETS. STALE FIM. be given an hour's work per day at productive sewlng.and factories with work suitable for girls between 12 and 18 are to be built. This Is to make girls self-supporting, so that If fathers or husbands die. If necessary, they can turn out In the world and be competent to earn their living by some trade.
Special provisions will be made for boys and girls or unusual talents. It Is a Joy to see Mr. Nelson amonghls men. He Is truly one of them. Children cling around his knee and kiss him and young men pat him on tbe shoulder with fond familiarity.
He Is very fond of flowers. He has a greenhouse on the farm, and every spring all the women In Leclalre are Invited to come and take away all the flowers they want. He believes It very beneficial to teach people to grow flowers and to care for them. He has succeeded well. Next to their children, the women's pride In Leclalre are the exquisite flowerbeds.
I don't want to forget to add that the Leclalre band wears a uniform, and one of its members told me proudly that the handsome uniforms were a present from Mr. Nelson. How unlike Mr. Pullman, the philosopher at 6 per cent? Wben the Pullman band applied to him ror a small loan with whleh to bny uniforms, be promptly asked them what security they eould give, and even bound their wages over for the money he advanced at 6 per cent. Jir.
Nelson does not eat meat. He considers It brutal to put animals all the torture they must endure to furnish man with flesh. Sea food he excepts, for he considers the suffering of fish and oysters to be very small because of their little sensibility. In conclusion. I wish to beg two men to sen they receive Just the same price they paid less what thev would have paid per month for rent.
There Is no charge for street lighting, street cleaning, etc. Water is tree, as is the library, kindergarten, bill lard-room and bowling alley. House owners pay 2s cents a month per light for electric ngnts. me highest pay is S3 per day. 'ine majority of workmen get $2.60 ana 2.3t.
The lowest pay is tor plain labor. $1.25. The cost or living is very low in Le- ciaire.coal is only 70 cents a ton, or 6 cents a uusuei. ine oest Deer ana putter are 10 cents a pouna, for the best cuts, and lower prices, accordingly. Ham is 12t2 cents a pound.
sugar 18 to 22 pounds for coffee 25 to SO cents per pound and flour $4.10 a barrel, or $1.60 for 100 pounds. Now. how do workmen get all this low rent, big wages and steady workj JtR. KET-SOK'S DOMIHAXT PERSONALITY. I will explain to you as clearly as I can.
There Is a man back of It all, of course. He is X. o. Kelson, a plain, unassuming man, about 6 feet 5 Inches tall and possibly weighing 150 pounds. He Is somewhere between 40 and 60 years old and has side whiskers and a decided tan.
His manner Is as unassuming as his wearing apparel, and neither could be freer from pretense. There Is something about this N. O. Nelson that prevents one knowing whether his eyes are dark or light. It is by tbe greatest effort 1 recall his appearance, and yet I remember vlvialy every word he said to me, and I spent the good part or a day conversing with him.
There are men I have talked with whom I could afterwards describe to the very lines In the palms of their hands and have not been able to recall one word they said to me. There Is that difference In men, and my reader can solve It to suit bis pleasure. This C. Nelson is modesty itself. He Is constantly trying to do good for his fellow creatures, and he wants to live In ob scurity and be forgotten.
He Is the friend of nev. sawara Kverett Hale and "Looking and numerous other men who would like to turn this great big miserable world into a lovelv garden, where everybody should work Just enough to give the blood a healthy circulation. Mr. Nelson could bave been a very rich man had be done like Mr. Pullman.
But he did not. although like Pull man he built a model town. and unlike Pullman.be did not name the town after himself, and unlike Pullman but there Mr. Nelson is so totally unlike Pullman that I need not point out the difference. Mr.
Nelson was a farmer boy once; then he was a soldier and afterwards was engaged In various businesses. For some years be was a working partner in a manufactnrlnc bouse In Louis, and In 1877 he started "with a pocketful of Quarters." as he expressed It. the K. O. Nalson Manufacturing Co.
Mr. Nelson was always a great admirer of Le clalre. ASNUAL 8HABINO Or PROFITS, In the factories at Leclalre the same wages are paid that could be got elsewhere. In hiring a man profit-sharing Is never men' tlonea, ana tbe first motto of Leclalre is "In dividual independence." workmen can live where tbey please or how they please tbey can buy stock or not, they can go away and come back, and share in the profit Just the same. Every year, after wages and expenses are paid, capital Is given a low commercial rate of interest, which, as Mr.
Nelson says. Is capl tal's wages. At Leclalre capital's wages are only 6 per cent, which Is considered very moderate, inen. attar tnis nas done, an equal dividend was mede on wages and cap itai. one hundred dollars or wages would receive the same dividend as $100 of capital That was originally started.
Now 2 per cent is allowed on wages to 1 per cent on capital. Originally men had to work tor the company as much as sixj months before they shared in the dlvl uends. ney were'given an opportunity to Invest In most ot them have done to. A share costs $100 andla man can buy as mucn or as nine as ne aesires. or even little fraction or a share.
Mr. Nelson does not consider It wise to give something for notning, ana as ne wisnea to mace men assume a responsibility for themselves. profit-sharing is now subject to a condition men can oniy snare in tne pront lr tney lay up and Invest In the business one-tenth of their pay. it is a free option. No one has to do it.
During this profit-sharing period men have received altogether In dividends 64 per cent on meirjwages.equai 107 percent per annum, I he stock has made 13vx percent. 1. e. addition to wages derived from the profit sharing, dividends have averaged 7 per cent on eaoh year's wages, and those who In vested tnelr wages In stock have re ceivea in interest ana dividend an average or about 13 per cent on their Investment. Profit-sharing is also In force In the office In St.
Louis. Three girls, stenographers, long to tbe company. One girl has $700 In stock. Nearly all the employes own stock In the company, although It is optional with them. When an employe qnlts, if he wants to sen nis stocx tne company buys it for just the same price that he paid, hj THE CO-OFEBATIVB STORE.
Nine hours used to be the working day, but when times became to bad the men mutually agreed to work ten hours. The pay was not reduced and not a day's work was lost, one hundred and thirty people, adults and chll dren. live in Leclalre In twenty-six bouses One hundred and fifteen men work In the factories, and new lactones are in course or erection, which will raise the force to 225. Nelson nas roue a it necessary to pro vide work for girls, so a factory Is to be built for them. Besides the business there Is the co-operative store.
Anyone who wishes can become a member and a stockholder by subscribing tor one sou snare, cnaer the co-operative law of Illinois one share is all one person may own. Members pay tor their share as they wish. 50 cents a week or the entire amount at once. Every quarter stock Is taken and net profits are returned to members in proportion to their purchases. If they don't buy anything.
they don't get anythlngtiut the 6 per cent interest on their capital. Every purchase is strictly cash. This saves complications and trouble. Even Mr. Nelson himsell couiu not get a o-cent a cigar on trust.
The store-keeper Is paid a salary of $41 a month. The co-operative store has been in operation two years, and the divi dends returned on purchases have never been less than 10 per cent, aad have been as high as 20. One great thing about the co operative store is that there Is no Incentive to cheat in weight, measure or quality. Another beautiful thing in Leclalre is the Provident Fund. Originally 5 per cent of the profits were set aside to provide for the provident, put now tue committee, composed of five working men, draw what they need and the company charges It to expenses at the end of the year.
Mr. Nelson says that in having tbe committee composed of the employed that they will not be unjust to one of their own workers and that tney are less liable to be imposed upon. An allowance is made in every case of sickness or death. The general rule in sickness is to allow tne man a wees; for himself, $2 for his wife and $1 for each child. If a man dies his funeral expenses are paid and the committee takes charge of the family to see that it Is supported and the children educated.
If a man is pay ing for his house ana rails sick an payments are declared off nntll he Is well again, and meanwhile the rroviaeni committee iaes care or mm. rair. jemuu sujrs uo aeea uu reason why the hale and hearty work men or a naie auu ueony lusuiu-ttnn should not take care of Its sick. 1 here are no working unions in Leclalre, but the men in the city belong to unions and so cieties. Mr.
Nelson is very mucn in iavor 01 unions. Association and organization are the first principles 01 organization, says r. Nelson union is a protection ior iaior- ers who would singly be helpless la the lace of combined capital. A PREMIUM ON MARRIAGE. Mr.
Nelson also believes in encouraging marriage. When any young man gets mar ried his wages are Increased. Tbe Leclalre School and Library Association Is lncorpo- rated and endowed. The plan for the educa tion of tbe children is a magnincent one. Every boy upon reaching the age of 12 is made to wort one uour uoj the factory.
Ho works ror pay just like a man, ana is paia according iu 1119 muui Wbea the boy Is 1J be works two hours a day and so on until be reaches the age of 18, wben be will bave completed his education. and bave at tbe same time mastereu trade. Mr. Kelson thinks many failures can be credited to boys turned out at 10 wuu semi-college education anu uaving iu compete In trade witn a ooy 01 u. By Mr.
Kelson's a boy graduates at school and at bis work when be Is 18. He Is then not only a fall-fledged man, but a full-fledged workman. The same coarse is to be imiinad with a-trtts. ber are to wnn tne people. The first house I stopped at was a two- story wnite frame wun a very roomy ana a pretty verandah.
The windows were all open, tbe lawn was green and well kept and tbe flower beds were one mass of fragrance and color. The entire place was so pretty and home-like that I was anxious to see the inhabitants, and bad that curiosity gratified when the wife, seeing us stop, came out to speak to Mrs. tbe manager's wife, and io uuu us nowers. KOTHISO TO KICK AT. I walked across another corner where I met a man who had once worked in Pullman.
"I did not live In tbe town, though," he told me promptly, "for times were good, and even with that I could not bave paid the big rent. "How do you like Leclalre?" I asked. He smiiea contentedly. "I've only been here three months." he said promptly, "and I can't find anything to kick about." "Do you own your own home?" I asked "Not yet, but I hope to do so," he replied "I have six big rooms and bath, a lot 100x120 wnere i can nave my nowers and vegetables If I please, and for It I pay $12 a month rent. That Includes water and electric light.
It's nice to have your own bouse and lot." he added "Think of the Pullman people without a bit of ground. Next year I don't Intend to have my lawn cut up In nower beds. I like a few nowers, but I like the smooth green grass. "Do you own any stock in the company? i "Not yet; you see I wanted to know If I liked it first. I expect to buy a share soon now." i his man gets J2.25 a dav I could not help comparing his rent with rent in Pullman.
The nearest to It in price are the five-roomed cottages, built in a row. The five rooms could be placed Inside half of his six, so much smaller are they. Their rent Is Si a month, his u. They have not a bit of lawn nor any grouna; he has a lot 100x120. heir's is In a row built with front and back doors, side by side, his is a house standing tune in a corner lot.
i ney pay Air. Pullman i cents a month for running water In the Kitchen, he has running water and a bath for nothing. They pay $2.25 a thousand for Pull man gas, ne lias electric light for nethlng. uis is tne nignest rent touna In their ac count. Another family I visited had a lovely in me cottage, wun nve oig rooms and a pretty veranda and a very larice lot.
for wnicn they paid, including electric ilirht. uuiuiig water, iu.aua montn Rent is lower here than any place I ever nveu. ana i ve uvea in sucnigan and St. Louis before we came here," the wife said to me, "i don't want to live any other place. Jiy nusoand has work steady here and the pay is just as large.
REKT COMPARED WITH PCLLMAN The smallest rent In their account is for a three-room cottage on a lot 100 by 170. The three rooms are larger then Mr. Pullman's five-roomed cottages. The rent. Including electric light and running water.
Is $6 a month. IHr. Pullman has three-roomed frame cottages. I Ley are known as the brick-yard houses. The rooms are so small that they will scarcely hold a single bed.
and the black, filthy celilnps are so low that I could touch them by merely raising my arm. For these filthy holes, without water or light, wltn no ground und not a blade of grass within tneir limit, ana one nubile hv drant for foriy-four houses for these miser able pest holes of three rooms each Mr, Pull man cuarges i a moota. The more I thing of it, the more I wish I had been made one of the arbitrators. Iam sure the other two woula not have missed anything in Pullman's "model" town One of the prettiest houses in Leclalre be longs to an Italian. If he had remained In a city he would doubtless have had to huddle In one tenement room with several more families, and he would have been called a "dago" and bis children would have played In the gutters In the daytlaie ana siepi on tne roots or nre escapes at nignt.
But ne lives where profit-sharing ana co-operation is tne ruie. lie Is a cabinetmaker and gets $2.50 every work day in the year. He owns a share In tue factory and one In the store. He nas a corner lotiuc feet square, and his five- roomea cottage is large, airy and pretty. He is paying lor It $18 a month.
The price of nis nouse was i.4Jt. tils children are pretty, bright and clean. They attend the kindergarten ana have great big beds of nowers. Across the street from the Italian family live a bride and a bridegroom. He works In the lactory ana planned his own house.
It occupies a lot louxlso Ieet. The bouse cost Il.abo and was built under the direction of the young husband. It Is one of the prettiest houses In Leclalre na win be raid for just the same as rent. After working hours the young husband decorates tne interior or nis noine. lie has done all the Inside painting, and will do the paper hanging.
He and his bride are both musical, both good looking, and both as nappy as the happiest. To tell tbe happy story or one home in Leclalre Is but to tell the story of them all, just as to lay bare the misery of one family la Pullman was to tell the story oi the entire town. THK BAND PLATED, As twilight lengthened Into night the town was lighted Instantaneously by electric light and a loud burst of muslo was beard, and women and children left their homes and strolled up towards the factories. I natural ly fell Into line, which ended suddenly at the largest building in Leoiaire. The build mg is cauea tne ciuD-house.
I'pon the lawn near It was the band, composed of the young men In Leclalre. 1 hey played very well, and tbelr audience was appreciative. Women and girls In light summer dresses, and men some without coats ana hats, sat and stood around on the lawn listening until the Le rlalre band had exhausted Itself. The band was very amiable and repeated popular airs upon request. can women go into tne ciuo-nonser i am very anxious to see it, i ascea, and the man to wnotn spoite taugnea.
It is tree to ne said, and presently iwint in to set) n. it is a two storied building with a verandah. lhe first thing that greets one on entering Is a wide and artistic fire place, a handsome Dronze oust on a pedestal, a glass cabinet ana a piano. To the right are book cases, containing from 600 to boo nooks, ana. mignt as well adu there Is a list of iuO books that will be bought within a month.
On the taoies are perlodl cals, magazines and several daily news papers. This Is the Leclalre library, and it is not only free to the people in Leclalre but to the people in the near by towns, or In the State for that matter. Tbe kindergarten is also held in tbe club-house, but a school-house Is to be built this year. Lectures and entertainments are held in the club-bouse, and quite a number of prominent men have lectured there tne Rev. Edward Everett liale being among the To the left of the entrance Is a stairway leading to the floor above, where live unmarried men and men whose homes are elsewhere.
These young men have a co operative club, sharing expenses, and are extremely comfortable and happy. One said to me: "1 never knew what home was until I came to Leclalre. AMUSEMEXT8 FKEE. When the band stopped playing everybody came Into tbe club-house, and those who could dance, danced, and those who could not enjoyed It Just as much looking on There doesn't seem to be any Jealousy in Leclalre. and young men as often danced with married women as witn young girls.
and husbands lookea on ana were we'd pleased. Some men wore coats and some did not. Some women were "dressed ud" and some were not. and the children were generally barefooted. It was a very democratic gathering, and a very pretty one to look upon.
Everybody was as good as his neighbor and everybody seemed good-natured. I had almost a notion to say It was like one big family, but big families are not always amiable when together. I went awar and left the greater part of tbe village still dancing. I went down to see the bowling alley, and the few young men who preferred bowling to lancing, likewise tbe billiard room and beteath It the co-operative store. The bowling tlley ii riiiHnr.1 mnm ere as free to everybody In Leclalre as the swings and the see-saws tsar tbe ciub-houso.
In fact, everything 1 In Leclalre Workmen are Iree to work In the ft.c torles and live where they please. A census Is not taken or the village every six months, as Is done In Pullman, to see If every workman lives or boards in the town. If tbe men wish to live in Leclalre they can do so. They can rent, buy or have built, as suits their pleasure. If tbey buy and afterwards WlsD remove, ana ana afterward wlstvhero he IW MP a a Cooper Wm.
Hays: J. H. Allan. v-rawiora wm. Marion.
Dada D. C. Younr. Dallas H.n J. hn H.nnett.
Davlees B. Dalei P. B. De Fordi Wm. H.
Hickman. Dent Union Cape: X. C. Com-tack. Gentry Dem.
John W. Rnlllngerj H. W. B. Wyrleki T.
Y. Grsatbam. Greene-Pro. First DUtriet, J. W.
Boeertsoni Second District, w. 1 Tuckar: Rer Kirt Dis trict. W. L. Porterleld: Second Dlstrlat.
W. Dram. H.rrl.an ln Jnhn Henrr H. H. ArmstronE: J.
W. Bailee. Hickory D. R. Jonesc C.
S- Hd- dier. Hew.rd Ktnnaw.11 Prltehett. Howell N. B. Wlliin.on: Hardin Smith; M.
M. Pease. Iron Dem I R. K.llnman: Ket. W.
T. Gay. Jackson First Di.trlet. M. B.
Bioe; Second Dlalriet. B. K. Krrlni Tnlrd K. A.
Strickland; Fourth District. V. K. Dullay; Fifth District, H. G.
Monlder: Sixth District. Thos. Haeley. Jefferson Jno. T.
Barsess; Geo. W. Steele. Johnson Geo. N.
Hackert B. M. Bohartsoit; Joseph rtagtdale. Knox D. W.
Vlerlwelheri The. If. Padaett. Lafayette Janet T. Fersuson.
Lawreoee ft. R. Allen. Lewis Dem Wm. J.
Cox; J. B. Kewlsn; Reese Jones. Lincoln OmerH. Avery; Geo.
W. Caibert. Macon 8. L. Kasey; Thos.
A. Still; Thos. K.Jones. Madison Robert C. Arnett.
klarlon James F. Davidson; VT. H. Duianey. Paal B.
Moors. Moniteau Pop. J. P. Miller.
Monroe Eran 8. Anderson; W. B. Wood i Pep O. H.
snail. Montgomery em. James B. Wells; R.p. Samuel Millar: It.
White. Morssn Dem. John L. Woods; Bep. Chris tian Femme; J.
K. Hlms. Newton Banford hi. Brawn; John B. Hancock: Wm.
IS. Faster: as. R. Tonne. oiiaway v.
K. Skldmore; Jas. 1. Le Favor; 8. 8.
WiKott. UrenoB Jas. 11. OlSi Airrea Harris. Oiark William Mahan.
Pettis Ken. John H. Roth well: Geo. B. Lamb.
I'lae Thos. R. Buakaert C. W. Thorpe.
Piatt Zenas S. Collins. Putnam Mil.ara H. Hart. Balls Dem.
Samuel J. Melson. KandoiDh A. Hothwall: John J. Bldgeway.
Kay mm. m. D. McKee. Hipiey A.
J. McCollam; A. Baton bt. Clslr James Gllnn, St. Francois Dem.
Wm. Tonns. te. Genevieve Joseph Pratte, first District. Mat.
V. Hall: Sec ond District, ydnor B. Burke: First District. W. H.
Allisen: second Distrtet, i Mulllns. Mehurler Thos. C. Tadlock: Edward Hlgbee. Scotland Renlamln r.
Bovtn: John C. Leach: J. Smith. Shelby Dem. Geo.
W. Chinn. Solllvan H. 11. t-eie'soni J.
K. Swasser. Taner Ind B. Sharp. Texas W.
L. Hyatt. Vrnon Lera. roraelitis Correllr Theo. LeC'aff: W.
H. H. Ijams; L. T. Pierce.
itbi laiton. tiiisr Scott Atkins; T. A. Scott. rlk-ht lm.
and Fab. A. H. H.wkin. Urn J.
B. Mlddletuu. WOMEN AT THE POLLS. Deleterone arcaiee nnvimg: Krtaaol Elec tion In Jersey Town. Tin-land, X.
July 28. The first elec tion of school trustees for Vlneland under the township act recently passed by the Legislature was held yesterday. The women made a bitter fight to exercise the right of suffrage, but were defeated, and left vowing vengeance against tbe elec tion officers responsible for 'their being denied the privilege of voting. The scenes at tke polls were exciting. Well-dressed women pushed their way through the crowd and hurled abusive epithets at Chairman Lord and the Judges.
The ballot-box barely escaped smashing. Police officers were assaulted, and the riot was quelled with difficulty. The following telegram was received by H. W. Wilbur, a prominent woman suf fragist: State Hoes.
Tbbxton. JoIt IT, 1894. To IT. Wilbur: The Attorney-General Is of the opinion that women may vote at ali school elections. P.goea, A.
a. roLAi, f-late Superintendent. Armed with this, an having- engaged H. S. Alvord as counsel, the women determined to elect their candidates, Mrs.
Chance and Mrs. Brlston. Although the recent decision of the Chancellor says that women's suiTra ire Is unconstitutional, me politicians were determined that they should vote. When tbe polling place was opened yesterdny an Immense crowd of women and children ponied Into the buildings. A temporary Chairman was appointed and the meeting called to order.
Rev. W. Gilbert was nomi nated by the equal suffragists, and Charles P. Lord, Mayor, was named by the antis for Permanent Chairman. At this point the tumult reached Its highest.
The women. sev- eral hundred strong, lined up, and march -Ins to the ballot-box, endeavored to east their votes. Capt. McDonald, who was In charge, placed his hand over the box, and said that only men would be allowed to vote. He wa? hissed.
A colored woman managed to force her ballot into the box and then struggled out of the crowd. Charles Kughley, owner of the largest shoe shop In South Jersey, was In the crowd, accompanied by bis son Percy. He triea to reaca ids oox, saying ne would smash It to pieces If the women could not vote. -'If you do, I will smash your head," yelled Col. Wanzer, while at the same time capt.
-ucuonam srrauoea tne box. Several women escaped serious injury in the crush. Policeman Rafferty attempted to restore order and was assaulted by young Kughley. It Is said that Charles Kughley struck tbe officer. Lord was elected chairman and George Boynton and Amos Gombar tellers.
After announcing that no ballots would be received from women, Mr. Lord opened the polls for the election 01 trustees. Mr. Alvord marshaled the women in line. and they attempted to deposit their ballots, but the slips were thrown on tbe floor during hisses.
The Indignant women called Mayor Lord coward ana brute. and have declared a boycott on Boynton, ho is In the ice business. An effort was made to remove the women and allow the men to vote, as It was getting late and the polls were to cio6e at 7. ana loosea lice a Dlantokeep toe-men from voting, and the officers became exasperated. The polls were kept open an additional nan Dour in order to itlve a namber or excur sionists who had gone out of town an oppor tunity to vote.
A number of women suffrag ists say they wtu Dring suit against the township. They propose to make a test case of the election, and decide the question of woman suffrage. MEDALS DKLAIEk). Secretary ewyn'i Conanli on tbe World Fair XiMKemest. J.
K. Gwynn, Secretary and General Mana ger of the St. Louis Fair Association, who was made Secretary and Treasurer of the national organization of the World's Fair Commissioners, has bad an extensive correspondence with John Boyd Thatcher, Chairman of the Committee on Awards, In regard to the delay in the delivery of the World's Fair medals. When Interviewed by a reporter of the Post-Dispatch Mr. Gwynn said: "A celebrated artist by the name of St.
Gaudens was paid SlO.OOu to design tbe medals to be given by the World's Columbian Exposition. When the design was submitted It was rejected by the Secretary of the Treasury, who was ex-offlclo the crltlo to pass upon the matter. Next a commute of tbe United States senate was summoned to pass upon the design submitted by St. Gaudens. They too selected It upou tbe grounds of Immodesty, at.
Gaudens was requested to modify tbe design, which be did after an exasperating delay. The modified design was also rejected by the Senate Commute, and I confess that I do not exactly understand the status of the medal muddle to-day. I shall probably Had out on my arrival In Washington City just what the situation Is, and I hope, througu the lnflence of our organization, to aid Mr. Thatcher In expediting the matter and place tbe medals aad diplomas at an early data in ma bands of those ntitlaa to them. 'I AT LECLAIRE.
Compares It to Pullman and Calls It a Workingman's Hearen. HER EXPOSITION OF R. 0. NELSON'S IDEAS. Written for the Sunday Post-dispatch.
iuere ta one piace in America where the labor question seems to have been solved. That Is in Leclalre. 111., one hour's ride from St. Louis. Leclalre Is a town founded upon I'luut-tnaring and co operation.
As an experiment It Is not only interesting to the employer and employed. the student and the philanthropist, but to the entire United states, which has been forced into a realization of the Increasing dissatisfaction of the unemployed, the misery of strikes and the cruelty or corporations. What the solution to It Is thousands bave asked and none have answered. Indeed, the man who could say what course or what plans would settle all wrongs and dissatisfactions would gam a higher pinnacle of fame than that ever yet reached by man. What I had seen and learned In Pullman had not onlv converted me Into a striker, but bad left me very despondent as to the ultimate fate of the un employed, men and women.
Even Gov. Alt-geld, who has the subject very much at heart, could only suggest one hope when I interviewed him: "Let them all stand together; it Is their only hope." But standing together seemed to offer strikes, and strikes mean hunger and crime, so I accepted most eagerly the suggestion to investigate Leclalre, a town wherein was promised a perfect solution to the labor question. 1 watched very eagerly forthe first glimpse of Leclalre. and my first impression from the car win dow was that it was very unlike Mr. Pall-man's model" town.
In Pullman the fine buildings and the park face tbe railroad and hide the poverty of the flats end the squalor from view. At Le clalre the backs or the houses were toward the track. They looked very simple and country-like, but prosperous and clean mat impressed me most. The train slowed down enough to permit me to jump off. ure was no station ana that amused me.
tor, excepting the hotel, the station Is tbe most artistic building in Pullman. I walked across the fields to the settlement of work Bhops. They were not Imposing to the eye of tbe uninitiated. PERFECT WORKSHOPS to one who noticed only the beauty of architecture, tbe factories must look pain fully plain and unassuming. They were only one-storied, red brick, and the man who un aersiooa wouia have explained that they were tbe ideal perfection of buildings for man to labor In and a workman would bave called them blessed.
Their chief feature was windows big, generous windows that ad mit as much light and air as could be obtained under a canopy. Every factory has fire sprinklers, electric fans, electric lights and steam heat. Could anything be more ideal In the way of a building for man to labor In? I recalled tbe pens I had seen in Xew York and elsewhere where slaves, male and female, labor la ill-lighted, badly-ventilated, foul-smelling Ore-traps, and I had an Irresistible longing to say to them: "I know a place where to labor Is a pleasure, not an agonizing slave task. As I walked through the factories I looked at the men. It is generally easy to judge a man's condition by his lace.
1 noticed It so much In Pullman. The men, and more especially the women, had a sad, weary expression, as If they never had any chanee to feel llant- heartad and to laugh. But tbe workmen in tbe I.clalro factories were working away as If work was a pleasure, and those who were not actually smiling, did not bear the slightest expression of care. Everybody was busy. but no one was afraid to look up.
I have been In factories wnere the employed are commanded under penalty of dismissal to look steadily at their work when visitors are present. I he absence ot a "boss" was a noticeable feature. I never before visited a factory where I did not see at tbe very first moment a "boss stationed at a prominent part of the factory and watching the workers with the cruel syes of a slave driver. If there was a "boss" In the Leclalre factories, I did not see him. Every man seemed to be work ing.
1 afterwards learned that among the 115 men employed In Leclalre, there are only three men who do no actual haad work. One Is the foreman and what the others are I neglected to ask. I presume one Is a shipping clerk and the other a book-keeper, a. high green hedge. with a dividing driveway separated the fac.
torles of Leclalre from the home part. I thought If there was nothing else to recommend Leclalre the beautifully constructed factories would, but when I was once within the green hedge 1 began to realize the beauty of the town. THE HOMI9 THET LIVE IS. If one expects to find grandeur 'in Leclalre, one will be disappointed. The town Is simple and pretty and It wears splendidly.
The longer I was in Leclalre, the better I liked It. The longer I was in Pullman the less I liked It. When I first landed in Pullman and saw the park, tbe pretty lake, the fine station and hotel. the impressive front to the shops. the arcade, I thought It was all so beautiful, but when I walked to tbe rear of the town and saw the miserable blocks and orlck yard" frame tenements.
I felt like tearing down the sham front and showing the tilth and poverty behind It. But In Le clalre the more I searched tor faults the more I became Impressed with tbe perfec tion of tbe place. be streets are not laid out like a checker board, with barracks of brick tenements fi ling every sauare, as at Pullman, but wind this way and that in pleasing and artistic Irregularity. The only brick employed in Leclalre are the factory buildings. All the bouses are frame, as country honses should be.
They all occupy lots averaging one-third of an acre and are set bao iO Ieet or more from the pavement There are no double houses for two or more families In Leclalre, there are no blocks of tenements with from six to a dozen people in two rooms as at Pullman. Kverv Iioikb in Leclalre Is individual, and only one famliv a house. Along the wlndlnir roails I cauth. twu-jiuiiou name nouses, orettllv nntnto.i and set In wide lots that were only broken by pretty flower beds or growing trees. There Is no supervision of houses nr.tr.
at. Pullman, end yet everything, just tb4 contrary to Pullman, was th n.rr.ntinn cleanliness. There was that look about the little homes that bespoke prosperity and happiness. There Is no fine hotel to impress the traveler in Leclalre. as there Is in Poll- 1 "'ljrs who nave of the object of the town and are anxious to investl.
gate its workings, are not unknown, even all the way from France, and it has come to be generally understood that they shall be simply, unaffectedly and cordially made honl- Tnl was my IS. mna-r an enthusiast on profit-sharing and co-operation, and be never stopped to ask me what my business was. or why I had come to Leclalre, but took me to bis home and introduced me to his pretty wife, Just as if 1 had been a friend they long After supper the manager went off With a friend to atlanil h.r. Inr. wai to discussed, and ithe little wire asked me to walk around with I net to aat the tows not-only aaW thai Democrats, Republicans and Pop ulists Will Fight for Missouri.
Straight Tickets In the Field in More Than Thirty Counties. TEE S1X0CRATXC IXGIS1ATIVK JOBITT WILL BS CUT DOWN. KA- PHt Belytas; om tae Dlaaatlaxaetlon Tetter Wllb Botls ibe Older Parties Hope te at I. rata I livid tbe Balaaee Pwf-So rauasraaaUe Safer- tadaeel. Jevfkrsox Citt, July 28.
There will In all probability be three full tickets nominated In every one of the 114 counties of the State be fore the summer ends Democratic, Repub- can and Populist. In many parts of the State tbe Populists are actlre and aggressive, and. judging from tbe number cf counties In which they hare, ap to date, put out full tickets, it Is almost certain that word has been passed along the line to unfurl the banner in eaeh and every one of them and fight to a finish, refusing all compromises and co alition. All this renders the political complexion of Missouri's next Home a thing of uncertain ty. Tbe last House stood ninety-two Dtmo crats and forty-two Republicans, with never a man of the third party, or Populists' party Old politicians predict that the Democratic majority will be cut down and the party to gain will be the Populist.
What the gain will amount to will depend entirely upon the per cent of disaffection in the ranks of the dominant party, and that no man Is prepared at this date to reduce to figures Up to date the Populists have put out full county tickets In thlrty-slx counties, the Bepabllcans In thirty-eight and tbe Demo crats have nominated In flfty-flve. The Prohibitionists and Independents are not worth considering as effecting results. In con gressional matters the Populists are par tlcularly active, having nominated, up to date. In seven districts to tbe Democrats' six and to the Republicans' two. In sena torlai matters the Democrats are In advance with nominations, having made eight to tlie Bepabllcans' three and the Populists' two, the following Is a carefully prepared list of au political nominations up to aate FOR STATE OFFICES.
On May 15 tbe Democrats met In conventtoa at Kansas City and nominated the following ticket: For Judge of the Supreme Court, Francis M. Black of Kansas City. For Superintendent of Public Schools, L. Carrlneton of ex Ico. For Railroad and Warehouse Commis sioner.
Mai. Jos. H. Finks of Salisbury. Tbe Populists a week later, and at the same place, nominated the roiiowing ticket For Kb of the Supreme Court, O.
ones ol Kdlna. For Superintendent of Pub- 5-cnools, G. H. i-llin or county 'or Railroad and Warehouse Commissioner, f. J.
Hendrlckson of Hates County. The Republicans will meet in convention to lomlnate a state ticket Aug. 15 at Excelsior springs. CONGRESSIONAL SOMI5SE9, First District The Republicans have nom- nated C. X.
Clark of Hannibal; the Popu Ists, John M. London of Macon. Second District U. S. Hall was renomi nated t5j-the Democrats; J.
C. Gooflson of Carroll County was nominated by the Populists. Fourth District William S. Mlsselner of St. Joseph Is the nominee of tbe Populist party R.
P. C. Wilson of Platte County has enough pledged votes to nominate him when the Democratic convention meets. Sixth District '1 he Democrats renomi nated D. A.
DeArmond of Harrlsonville; the Populists have nominated P. A. it. Francisco also or Harrlsonville. Seventh District John T.
Heard of Sedalla was renominated by the Democrats; the Populists have put up George T. Tappen of Springfield. Ninth District The Democrats renomi nated Champ Clark of Pike; the Populists have nominated F. H. Drunert of Warren County.
Thirteenth District Judge James D. Fox of Madison County, is the Democratic nominee. Fourteenth District Arnold of Scott County Is renominated by the Demo crats; the Republicans have nominated X. A. Mosely of Stoddard county; A.
H. Livingston of Howell County, until recently a prominent Democratic worker, oas joined the Populists, and is the nominee of that party for con gress. Fltteenth District Charles H. Morgan of Barton county, has been renominated by the Democrats; Charles G. Burton of Vernon County, is the Republican nominee, and David G.
Blgbee of Lawrence County, the nominee of the Populists. SENATORIAL NOMINATIONS. The odd-numbered Senatorial districts, 1, 1, 5, do not elect this year. In the others, tbe following nominations have been made: Fourth District Republican, S. P.
Davls- lon of Harrison County Populist, James H. Hulls of Harrison County. Sixth District Democratic, H. T. McClan-nahan of Milan, Sullivan County.
Eighth District Democrat, John F. Morton. Richmond, Ray County. Tenth District Democrat. Chas.
Peers of Warren County Populist, B. F. Drunert of Warren county. Twelfth District II. D.
Marshall of tlnlon- Tllle. Putnam County. Fourteenth District Jack D. Stark (Dem.) Of Cooper county will be renominated. The convention does not meet till sept.
1, but Stark has pledges enough to Insure his nom ination. Sixteenth District J. N. Ballard (Dem.) of Henry County. Eighteenth District Democratic convention will beheld at Neosho Aug.
1., Twentieth District James P. O'Bannon (Ren.) of Dallas County Is renominated. Twenty-second District James Orchard (Dem.) of West Plains, Howell Co. Robert BilckensderfTer (Pop. of Laclede County.
'1 wenty-slxth District R. U. Madison (Dem.) of Jefferson County. Twenty-eighth District Ulysses Hendrlck-on (Dem.) of Jasper County, renominated. FOR REPRESENTATIVES.
Tbe county nominations for the Missouri House of Representatives to data Is as follows: Adair Pr. A. Gobeni Perry D. Grubb. M.
B. Horton. Audrain Thos. A. Melntyres h.
IL Eturaeon. Kerry T. Dealt. tiarfon Xttao. Dysarti W.
B. Ceuob- mm bates Dr. Jno. W. Choatei Jacob Graham.
Heutoo Bev. J. A. Hardin. Eollioger Dem.
J.s. M. Zimmerman. Boon Heury JeoklBSi J. W.
chwabei J. Roswellt as. W. Enelsley (represented the county lour times aa a Demecrallc Bntler Gee. L.
Edwardu Jas. T. Davison. Carroll John T. Brandorai Allen D.
lUcnarasi IL J. Keller. i'mrimr ttmrm A. K. J.
Labr. Cass a- T. Lana; David Oglevies K. H. Bruce, B.
Ms Crag i Sep. Dr. A. tdi! Pnn HH. K.
M. Loft. Charlton Thos. P. Schaaleri 4.
W. Oliver, C.arM J. H. 7ere ep JB 0pugMs, It Almost Brought Death to the fliates Family. Four of Them Taken Dangerously 111 After a MeaU TH8T ABI VOW AT THE CITT HOSPITAL A I'D WILL BEC0TIB.
Bess Hlates, Oae of the Afflicted, Maya Tbey Bostght the Flab at TJaloa Har-axe All offered Great Ageny Dr. Barks' Statement. A whole family living at 913 Carr street were poisoned yesterday by eating stale fish. All are at tbe City Hospital and Supt. Heine Marks thinks that tbey will recover.
The members of the family are: Anna MIntes, aged 89 years; Dora MIntes, aged 11 years Max MIntes, aged 2i years; Rosa MIntes, aged 18 years, and Solomon MIntes, aged years. Solomon MIntes ate only a small por tion of the fish and was not nearly so 111 as the others. The MIntes belong to the extremely poor class of Russians. Only one member of the family, Rosa MIntes, is able to speak English. bosa mihteb stort.
Lying on a cot at the City Hospital she tola tbe following story concerning the unfortunate occorrence: "We bought the fish at the Union Market, but I cannot remember at what stall we bought It. We are very poor, and It lsidlf fieult sometimes to get enough to eat. Wa cannot afford to pay much for our food. Friday about noon I went to the market and bought some fish. Tbey are of the kind called Buffalo fish.
I took them home, and Saturday morning we cooked them. We had only bread and fish for breakfast and we all ate heartily of them. We finished eating breakfast about 9:30 o'clock, and at 11 o'clock my sister Dora complained of cramps and pains in the stomach. Then we all began to reel sick and a policeman came aloflg. sent ror a doctor but we all got worse and then we were sent to the hospital.
We have no enemies and there was no cbance ror anybody to poison the fish If they wanted to do It." WEBB IK GREAT AGOKT. Dr, George H. Kearney, emergency physician at the Third District Police Station, who was summoned to attend the family, at first thought that they had been poisoned, but after a more careful examination he decided that the fish were stale and not fit to eat. When he reached the house he found all the family la great agony and screaming for help. He called an ambulance ana bad them taken to the City Hospital.
DE. MARKS' OPIMOX. Dr. Heine Varkn, 8t of the City Hospital, thinks that -stale. He said "It Is absurd to say that anyone put laon on tbe rlsb.
It must have been done try some member of the family if it was done at ali, for tbey say that there had been no one else In tne bouse. Tbe fish were stale. "It Is a wonder to me that many people In the vicinity where these people live do not die. They eat any klnrt or rood they can get and some or it is not fit tor a dog. The fish had been kept ice land when they were taken to the hot tenement house probably became putrid.
I think that ail ot the members or the family will gat well." Jacob MIntes, tbe head of the family, is a peddler and Is in the country. He has sent no money home for a long time and the family has been compelled to subsist upon whatever could be bad. Anna MIntes, the mother. Is much worse than any of tbe others, but last evening she was much better and was sleeping quietly. Tbey will remain at tbe hospital until they are all well, as they have very little to eat at home, ana Dr, Marcs has decided not to send any of them away until all are able to go.
ILK IS STILL 11EHB. George Klrnclibanm Has Set tbe City. George fflrschbaum, brother of Otto Elrschbaum. wbo disappeared from the city, leaving no ess to bis whereabouts and his accounts With the Burns estate, for which he was agent. In ait TiTlsatlsfactory state, was down at the Elrschbaum real es tate office yesterday afternoon.
The report that had been circulated that George, too, had lett the city, and his appearance was a relief to his friends. Mr. Kirscuoaura, wnen seen Dy a rosT-cms- patch reporter, stated that be bad been very busy since bis brother's disappearance trying to find him and trying to find out Just how bis accounts stood. He had spent the balance or his time at his home, he said, and was much surprised to learn that several people, and among them Mr. Lahlv, who took out a warrant lor otto, were looking lor him.
He slated that he had found no clew to Otto's whereabouts and was very indignant over the report of bis own disappearance, nr. jurscn-bnum states that be knows very little of his brother's business, but that rrom what be knows or air. Lahlv 's ability as a business man he reels sure that he knew he was getting notes secured by a second deed ot trust when he took them, lie thinks Mr. Lahlv Is mating a fuss to bave Otto's father- in-law give him his money on the note which he now fears to lose as the owner of the house covered by tbe deed of trust securing tbe note held by him is out of work and may not be able to meet his pay ments to tbe building association, who hold tue first deed of trust, in which event they would foreclose, a course which would prob ably leave the holder ot the second deed of trust notes out In tbe cold. Howard County Circuit Court.
Fatktte, July 28. Judge Uockaday adjourned the July term of Howard Circuit Court this morning, to tbe fourth Monday in November. Three negroes were sent to the penitentiary, as follows: Charles llalln, lar ceny, two years; carl jenxins, uurgiary, three years; Jake Hannah, burglary and larceny, eleven years. What promised to be a highly sensational divorce case between Margaret Spencer SUvy and James S. Sllvy, two of Fayette's most prominent society people, was summarily disposed or by Judge Uockadar.
wbo decided that there was not sufficient grounds tor divorce. Killer Will Hot Hang Yet. Fort Worth, July 28. Jadge Gray, at Dallas to-day. granted a writ of habeas corpus restraining the Sheriff from banging Franklin P.
Miller next Friday for killing Policeman Riddle three years ago. Tbe case is a judicial tangle. While Miller's was going through tbe higher State and Colled States Courts tbe state Legislature re nodeled tbe Judiciary of Dallas County, stabllsblng three courts where one bad existed as tried and convicted. It is now a question which court has jurisdiction to sentence Miller. Hie state Attorney in the meantime will try to rind way to bave Miller hanged Friday.
Gov, Host ha re. fused tzteatlT cietmeacjv visit Leclalre at an early date. One will see what he might have done, the other will see tbe only way to benefit the world, and both may be benefited. be first is palace-car Pullman, the phil osopher at 6 per cent. i ne second is Herr Most, the Anarchist, or man-destroying beliefs.
NELLIE BLx. WANDERING ATILLIS0J. The Erring- CTcreynian Who Doped Port- lasid Peeple and lseseiteel Ills Family. Portlad, July 28. The erring clergyman.
Rev. W. A. Wllllson, who was recently captured at Jopiln, has been brought back to Portland by an agent of the Thiel Detective Agency, who made tbe arrest after a long chase. Last September Wllllson was Presbyterian minister at Piedmont.
Befoie that be bad posed as a Meth odist minister In Oregon City and as a Bap tist Minister In other parts of the State When he came to Portland he built a house at Piedmont, in which be and bis three daughters, whose ages range from 17 to 21 years, lived comfortably. He preached, oc cailonally In Alblna and Woodstock, ana also opened up a real estate office. It was In this field that his abilities shone to greatest profit to himself. It Is claimed that he got away with (7,000 by fraudulent real estate deals, and that be rorged the naule of J. Robinson, a prosperous farmer living on the Southern Pacific line, to notes aggregating $2,000 or $3,000.
and negotiated them at a local bank. From one Rawllnson a poor car-cleaner employed at the Union Pacific, he got $1,500. all the man bad saved from his earnings of years. To the following named persons be gave bonds for deeds to land In Piedmont, to which be had no title, and obtained notes for the sums men tloned: William Steudebaker of Castle Rock, $330: W. wooasiock.
Washington. $i5 Carl selfert. Castle Rock, $165; Luclnda Gib son, Portland. $400; Frank Steudebaker, Cas tie Rock. $330; F.
L. Gum, Castle Rock. $1J5 Jonatban Humphrey. Oregon City. $520 Henry C.
Scbroeder. Portland. $190; Freelln Steudebaser, Castle Hock, $160; Cornelius Burns. Castle Rock. $320.
One morning the town became too tropical for nlm and be remained borne for several days, under the pretense of having broken his leg. Callers at the house were Informed that his condition was too critical to permit an Interview. One day he was missed from his home and, as nays passed without bis putting in nn appearance, an Investigation was made by bis creditors, and It developed that he had fled from the city. Before leaving he had presented his eldest daughter with a deed to his no me ana contents. A day or two later, a man with a mortgage ror on tue cottage, ana another witn a bill of sale of the furniture, appeared, but as the young lad, as were elestltute and one was seriously ill with consumption, tbe claimants left them lu charge of the house.
For days the young women were without the means of support. In the midst their predicament, an attache or a street car line proposed marriage to the youngest or tne three and was accepted, ana his earn lngs went to support the two others. Finally, the condition or the sick one Decame so critical that she was removed to a hospital, where she died soon afterwards The others are still In tbe city. During all the misery of his family. Willi son was enjoying life in Chicago and other Eastern cities with a Mrs.
Cora Lambert, with whom ne eiopea irom roruana. From Chicago Wllllson went to New York, and thence 111 rough tne i-oumern states. Detectives were constantly on his trail, and at Atlanta, Ga. were but a lew hours be hind him. At Atlanta he gave the officers the slip for the time being.
But another clew was found, and on June 17 he was located In Jopiln. i prevent a possible case of mistaken Identity a Thiel detective was sent down from Portland and, recognizing Wllllson. arrested turn ana immediately started with him to this city, but was tied up in the railway blockade. While in Jopiln uiison conducted services in the churches there and In neighboring cities. PEACE IN HAWAII.
Par the Kew Itepnblle Smooth Has Had 8ah Frabcisco, July 28. The steamship Australia arrived to-day, six and one-half days from Honolulu, bringing advices to July 21. Peace prevails throughout Hawaii and the new government appears to be firmly established. The jury system under the new constitu tion Is causing some trouble In the country districts. The constitution requires all Jurors to take the oath or allegiance to tbe new republic and to abjure all help In restoring the monarchy.
In any form. In one country district It has been Im possible to get enough jurors to serve. Honolulu itoyausts naving sent out a circular stating that no answer had yet been received as to President Cleveland's in tended action and warning natives to keep out of politics and to take no oath of allegiance. kven the most ardent Royalists, however, have little hope that tbe commission recently sent to ashington will be able to accomplish any thing In the ex-Qaeen's behalf. One evidence or public filth in the new Government was shown just before the steamer sailed.
Ten thousand dollars or Government bonds bat previous to the adoption ot the new Constitution had gone begging at US were easily disposed of at par. TZI CO JiFADEHATES. Four Men, It Is Said, Were Concerned in the 2eeka Harder. St. Joseph.
July 28. Officials of Linn and Grundy Counties bave a new theory in the Meeks' murder case, for which William and George Taylor are now In jail In this city. For some time there has been a theory that two other men besides tbe Taylors were present when tbe Meeks family was killed. and tbe officers are trying to find these men. Nellie Meets, the little girl who recovered, after being beaten Into Insensibility, has always said there were four men present wben tbe murder was committed.
Tbe Sheriffs and prosecatlng attorneys ot Linn and Grundy Counties are now at work on the case. Sheriff Winters of Grundy County, who bunted the Taylors with bloodhounds when the search was being made for them a few weeks ago. has made several visits tost. Joseph lately, aad each time has visited the Taylors in tne tounty jii. in company witn an attorney.
It Is said that be Is trying obtain a clew to the whereabouts lhe other two men engaged In the butchery. Deputy Sheriff Sweeny of Linn County has been In the city, and It la believed that fee 7. 1.
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