St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri on September 4, 1904 · Page 43
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St. Louis Post-Dispatch from St. Louis, Missouri · Page 43

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Sunday, September 4, 1904
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Pge Three J" ? -i ..is, .jf ,:f. .?... s . -a. j i Pit is? Sunday MwmcST. LOUIS POST-DISPATCH September 4. 1 904. X fa f . TV "? 7 F'-l i a. r X N 3 ' 'J 1 "X. -1. AtJj&ZsZ? J irica Mm mi J K TV- ail VfcRNER JmiTRRTimA TRIBAL hm IH JWJWRlcm JUNGLE. af. "TV V'' ' !cr 1 ' f-i r?' s . r"v 1 f 1 1 loll? i W r, P f? f ".. l rj Ml-yed humanity, 4 f " .',V J II between 17 and 25 year Rev. Samuel P.Verner Tells the Story of Difficulties Encountered in Securing for the World's Fair the Most Startling Ethno logical Exhibit Ever Seen in Civilization Arbitrated a Tribal War in one Instance and Bought a Cannibal Prisoner-Slave in Another The Loneliness of Filed-Teeth Otabenga, De-vourer of Human Flesh. that ttiry aro cannilmK consrious of the degradation and ashamed of a practice which more advance'd savages look HaVE you seen Otabenga's teeth? They're worth the 5 cents he charges for show- lriff them to viitor on unthrnnnlnffv hill nut at. .1...-.. Tl,- ..ctidinwl of innnihiilum 1 - " " I C. v uunu u 1 1 . x iivj tx i c inrvruiniii odiioii"" tho orld'8 Fair. j8t as e-ixiiizcd people discard and become nslmni.nl of Ctabenga is a cannibal, the only genuine African can- certain old customs of a less' repulsive nature, nibal in America today. He's also the only human chat- l'oor little Otabenga -most to be pitied, most to be tel. He lIonjn to the Exposition company. Step rijiht fa) red! He is a ( hiiiehiri. That's the name of his Up. There a no charge, except to see his teeth, lie ha3 the reputation of being a man eater and has on exhibition the ideuUual molars and incisors with which it was done. His teetlt are as sharp as those of any wild animal. They ere pointed like the teeth of a saw. They have been 31ed that way. tHalx-iifra himself looks playful and harmless enough. Ho ia gentle and graceful, and the first impulse of the vis itor is to pet him and exclaim: "Poor httle fellow- he looks so sad aud lonely." Unt look at his teeth: Pi 1 haps he's lonesome because he is deprived .if his native l.o... Dtabemra is pitiable, however, thoii'-h ho to le leu red and shuddered at. tan jou put yourself in his place for a brief rerlxl, Ju1 between meals? Pity the fierce cannibal! He has a sad history. He is here alone in the world, quite lone, n.kilv nine thousand miles from those who can peak the only dialect he knows or enjoy a repast with .him. He is heart sick because be has no one to chatter with. Id- is from a river bank far distant from the jungles oi his fellow pyguues at the lair, ana not one of tins latter knows his tongue. He is lonely lieenu-i he has learned but few words of the other pygmies language. He picked those up while cu route across the Atlantic or inee reaching Louis. And because he is n cannibal the black liiliputians brought with him out of Africa look down upon him. He ia not In their set. And Otabenga is bowed with shpnie because be. too. realize that man-eating is an old fogy Idea. Hi people are behind the times in darkest Africa. To determine what iart this World's Fair specimen hts taken in the actual eating of human flesh seems a bard tk the problem of bit age, yet certain it is that he is of a man-eating tribe who file their teeth to point for th puipoMi of tearing human flesh. These very people iTt. within the last ten years, however, making denial tribe, a name suggestive of the chattering tongue of his monkey like people. He is a dwarfy, black specimen of t 9 inches tall and somewhere old. That's as near as anyone Nobody knows his age. When be first reached St. Louis early in July Otalieng.i was asked his name. He understood what was wanted, but bis questioners didn't understand his reply, for thereafter they called him Autobank. To the reporters Auto-bunk appealed as the nearest probable interpretation of the cannibal pygmy's chattering. The name was straightened out only upon the arrival later of Rev. Samuel P Verner, the Presbyterian missionary who brought Die pygmies of darkest Africa to the great World's Pair. Otabcnga's story as told to the Sunday Tost-Dir-patch by Rev. Verner is truly a pathetic one. Otnbeiiga was a slave, held captive by another tribe, till PiC-v. Verner bought him in a Congo slave market at a cost of &5. The price was not paid in cash, but in bright calico and such trinkets as appealed to the taste of his warlike captor, the giant Baschile. The little c:tn-nibitl had bis choice of remaining in captivity a slave or coming out of it to the World's Fair. He gladly accepted the trip across the unknown seas, though it meant that he must go thousands of miles farther and stay long away from bis native shimbec under the bamboo tree. Rev. 'Verner, delegated by the Louisiana Purchase Exposition Co. for the poiwse on account of his previous years of experience down the equatorial jungles, steamed r5 wrict thzpycjMY 'cmwBELis TEETH- mOhrtLED DOMti & up the Congo river from Matadi last spring on a pygmy hunt, lie knew of the P.atwa tribe at AVissnianu Falls, near tho headwaters of the Kasai. the largest southern RICH- BED OF RADIUM FOUND IN CONNECTICUT M"XutTr! hills a tiibutary to the Congo river, and while traveling the thousand miles or so up those streams with his 13 native porters on board the 3o-ton boat Ville d'Anvers, Lc stopped at the village of the Baschile to inquire about the Cliiricbiri, which trilie, he knew, lived some 73 miles inland. That distance through the torrid African . junjrle v,as to him equal to the distance from St. Louis to New York, and Rev. Verner was overjoyed to learn that there had been a tribal war and that one captive was bld na aostage on the river bank. It was Otabenga, Negotiations for his purchase were opened and a bargain was readily struck. Five dollars in goods 'was the price, and some of the Baschile who knew bis tonguo explained the situation to the little 6lave. He wis glad to go with the white man to escape captivity. Rev. Verner t.iok the necessary steps at the nearest govern ment post to have Otabenga officially redeemed,' aiid bse be is in St. Louis as a consequence. The Congo Free tata government was assured that all the pygmies would be letumed to their homes after the J-air. The seven other Ethiopians brought out of Africa; by F.ev Verner were secured by a single coup several hundred miles up river, but that coup was no more nor less than the arbitration of a tribal war, accomplished by the ex ercise of the sarewdest diplomacy. At Wiasmann Falls the cargo of the Ville d'Anvers was discharged ia the jungle and Rev. Verner walked 20 miles to tho villas of Ndombe, where be had formerly been stationed as IWS' sionary, only to find King Xdombe at war with his cousin Kins Bclinge of the village of Belinge, over a woman whom one of Belinge's lieutenants had stolen. These native chieftains are all eager to have the white man come to their country, and by assuring Xdombe that by continual warfare he would get a reputation as a fighter and delay the white invasion. Rev. Verner succeeded in b'-inging the two chiefs together for a peace conference. IVlinge came over under assurance of safe escort into Xdoinlie's realm, and they smoked and deliberated till Xdombe finally gave up the stolen woman on the ground that she had really eloped, and the war waa declared off. The pygmy people, who were parasites on the Ndombe and Belinge tribes, now came out of hiding and Rev. Vemer was able to negotiate with them for the first tirat. It was only by settling the war that he made this possible. The women, however, remained in hiding for fear of being stolen, and only men and boys were aectired for the World's Fair. The four Batwa pygmiea who raadily agreed to come were: Height. iga. Sh.imba 4 feet 9 inches 25 to 30 .. leet 6 inches 14 t 1C 4 feet 18. to 20 . . 4 fpet 8 inches 25 to 30 minister and son wanted to com to . J . 1 persons are now especially im-i .. fc : . i. ..1 I a meg State.' Somewhere unaer us rm:n-i iuwu nd valleys there Is, according to tlw scientists. a bod of radium sufficient in value to pay the national KMs of EiiRland ami America. The section In which this amazing ir.lneral hns made its presence known comprises that part of the state between Bri.lJjeiw.rt. New Haven and New Milfoid. northward to the is i Massachusetts line. It has been rather incompletely prospected by Mr. P. King, a Boston mineralogist, and may traces of radium and uranium ores have been found. The radium is thinly distributed, with possibly iiot thip? centigrams of the pure metal to tons of earth. But nevertheless It is sufficent If gathered together and estimated at the present value of radium. Jl.W.OlO a pound, to make its owner twice as wealthy as a Rockefeller and a Rothschild combined. It also contains sufficient power to kill an rmy if the troops were for a short time exposed to Its thj-s. in April Mr. King Kto a visit to Connecticut and round traces of uranium. At that time he expressed confidence Scientists Discover Evidence of the New Mineral in Amount Promising an Output Almost Surpassing Belief. the An An ordinary gold leaf electroscope was placed on tnhl nn.l thf rmiitv vessel brought in contact with it. immediate fluctuation of the electroscope took place and a raldo-acilve discbarge was noted. Tl.e scientists were amaied. That the dischaiRe of the deli. Hte machine had been caused by the effect of rmtlun. on the dfcp spring water there could be but little doubt. iter establishing the presence of radio-activity In the spring. Prof. AVheeler turned his attention to the lake and surface waters around New Haven. The first experiment i made with water taken from one of the lakes used as a reservoir. A quart measure of the liquid, fitted with an airtight cover, was nlaced on the furnace. In a few moments thousands of tion from its surrounding matter, it requires a month to begin to give out light and heat. But when once started it will continue to bombard the universe with infinitesini.il p..rtl leg of matter for millions of "years without cessation or diminution. It gives out greatest heat when subjected to greatt cold It has lieen proven that typhoid bacilli die In its ray. It has been tried successfully in cases of cancer. Through its use Mr. William J. Hammer caused Lillic Spitzm.idel. blind girl, t ) see. Oculists, however, say that the sensation f sight was caused merely by the bombardment of Infinitesimal particles against the optic nerves. If kept for a short while near the skin a tube of Milium raises a blister and produces a shallow soie. Applied to the nerve centers It produces paralyzing effects sufficient to kill small creatures. All these things It d-es throurh glass, for nobody can atTord to handle It b.He. If there weto plenty of It e might put It in tl.e street lair.ps and get a mild moonlight everywhere. It has been calculated, with a show of accuracy, thai tho rate of efflux is such that a piece of radium loses one aiaui juare Inch of Its surface In about 10.W,1' Uushtibba . Llimtl Mushunha . Xdombe's prime small bubbles formed on the sides ol tne vessel ano unacu from every years. Kor anything known to th contrary' a particle of the queer mineral after acquiring Its full power, may continue the gas had to manum iu. s rmanouvi.-., that a great deposit of the weird mineral existed some- slowly to the top. here around New Mllford and New Haven. When the (.team and gas thus generated were brought near Then the professors of the Sheffield Scientific School at th electroscope the electroscope was discharged. Here Yale College took the matter up. At New Mllford there Is a mas shown the presence of a radlo-ncuve gas . . t . TV- ..... v. obn tut and after the gas pfii'iB irr or-j. aw- wain iiit-i v , " ----- .. I It , A on.a, fnrever !t ripr K..kia. .h-.,.1, tho stones of th bn nwiini .-u. ated bv droDD'.ng and allowed to stand . trlcity and ga. es three kinds of rays, elec- Dvvortan age beneath which it is thougtit the vast radium bed Is located. At the request of prof. J. J. Thomson, who was visiting; Yale College at the time. Prof. I P. Wheeler of the Scientific School procured a quantity of the water of the New Milford Spring for the purpose of making a teat. In an absolutely clear and clean vessel the water was boiled until nothing visible remained. Nevertheless, upon the sides of the vesnel there was an infinitesimal quantity of matter which Prof. Wheeler proceeded to le'.t for radlo- .-tivtlv. ' for 16 davs before it was aaain tested. It had entirely lost Its power of radio-activity. This more than anything else would seem to Indicate tho presence of a great radio-active body far beneath the surfaca of the earth, lt was plain, that the gaa did not come from a radio-active substance dissolved In the water. Radium has the appearance of fine table salt, but U Diakes amends for tts common appearance by Its very remarkable properties. It transcend all other discoveries of the past decade m Its Importance and revolutionary possibilities. After separs- Forever! Well, perhaps not so long as tnal, bui surciy the loss In n thousand years would be net to not hi i;. If the ower of one gramme of radium extending over a eriod af 10X1 years could be converted Into work U would raise SO tons mile high. In Its industrial spi iit atlon scientists are restricted by the extremely limited supply "f radium available, but it Is known that a small fr.icllon of an ounce properly employed would probably provide a good light sufficient for several rocma and would nt require renewal during the present activity. .America, but were dissuaded by their lord and king; and instead there came from that larger tribe Lutuna, nephe'T of the prpne minister, aged 12 years, and Lumbaaga, nephew of Xdombe, aged 15 years. Two other Ethiopians v ho help to make up the expedition are Kalama, a fialuba triliesmaii, aged 24 years, and Kondola, a Batetela, who had been in America four years and who returned to Af-rii-a to arsist Kev. Verner in the undertaking. Il i now their interpreter at the Fair. Upon reaching hi native hat.nts in the Congo country he was given a reception that would have made the prodigal son enrio'Ji and would have dimmed the glory of Jason's rtturn to 'i'hessaly with the golden fleece. With bis party of nine native Africans, represents five trilxs, Pev. Verner sailed May 23 for the United States and icneVd New Orleans dune 26. He hsd travel! "O.ooo miles' on his mission. Each of bis charges is prom-ied pay eejual to four times the amount be would have earned in Africa, or aliout 2 each per month. Added to this is the invaluable experience and education afforded l,v the trip, but which, of course, means notbiflf in ths calculation of the Wniph'ed pygmy. Therein lies the path" of the situation. Otabenga thought only to accept deportation at a lesser hardship than rt-niaining in slavery, and the advantages of a trip bit civilization are reckoned a naught by the kwj avaga Otahenoa came cladlr for Z and will le a very 'Wise little man upon his return. Yet bis unhappy, homesick ounteiianrf ofttimet prompts Lev. erner to lecall a cer tain Patwa mother who declared that she would not lot her son n ine to America for 10J tusks of ivory. Perhaps OtaU-iiL'a mould give that much to be rid cf cir- iliaiion. . ! i 1 ' : u-n 11 T-ir- -r ""J - v-

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