Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California on October 6, 1939 · Page 26
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Oakland Tribune from Oakland, California · Page 26

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Friday, October 6, 1939
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D 27. f. BRITAIN, TURKEY APPROVE MUTUAL AID PACT FOR MEDITERRANEAN ' OAKLAND TRIBUNE, FRIDAY, OCTOBER 6, 1939 ) Allies Win New Triumph Formal Signature Awaits Return of Foreign Minister By FREDERICK KUH . LONDON, Oct. 6. (U.R) Great Britain and Turkey have initfaled mutual aid pact covering the Mediterranean Sea, and the formal signature is to be effected as soon as Turkish Foreign Minister Sukru Saracoglu returns from Moscow, It was reported today in well informed quarters. It had beep known that the draft of an agreement had been completed, covering political, military and economic matters. SITUATION LHAINUtU Information here was that the agreement had now been initialed at finally approved at Ankara, the Turkish capital. Saracoglu's negotiations at Moscow had caused a change In the diplomatic situation as" regards the Black Sea, and it had been assumea that there might be a safeguard clause in the British-Turkish pact and a similar French-Turkish pact to guard against the possibility that Turkey might have to fight its old friend Russia. ALLY ASSURED Nevertheless th'e effecting of any aereement at all was regarded as a diplomatic triumph for Great Britain and France because it assured them an ally in the Eastern Mediterranean in event Italy cast its lot with Germany a contingency now regarded as most remote and friendly neutral even if Russia entered the war. In the World War Turkey's aid to thesGerman cause was of incalculable value. The Daily Telegraph, in a dispatch from Buchardest, quoted private advices from Moscow that Saracoglu v9 about to sign a mutual aid oact with Russia, and that he was conferring now regarding a Balkan peace pact based on maintenance of the present territorial status. Any such agreement as that, naturally would mean that Russia would not try to seize Bessarabia from Rumania, would not permit a German drive into Rumania through 'Hungary, and would not try to force Rumania to restore its Do-brujda area to Bulgaria. BRITISH RESPONSE HAILED BY EDEN LONDON, Oct. 6. P) Anthony Eden hailed the British Empire's wartime response tonight as "a determination shared by us all that the rule of violence must cease." In a broadcast to the Commonwealth, the Dominions Secretary de i clared: "The perpetual menace to the WHnm nt Nntinns. small and creat. tnnct v rpmnvprf. so that the neo- ples of the world may once more be able to live their own lives in security and peace. "The rich and manifold resources of this Commonwealth of. free peoples are being gathered powerfully nd swiftly together for a cause to which we have dedicated ourselves," said the former Foreign Secretary, who returned to the cabinet at the outbreak of war. "We are not fighting to preserve an old world, but to build a new. We are not straining our resources to foster the greatness of a State, but to win for men' and women everywhere" the first benefits of civilization. ... "We cannot live forever armed to the teeth, or at the mercy of the next act of robber violence." French Communist Branded Deserter PARIS, Oct. 8 (P) Maurice Thorez, who was ' president of the French Communist party before it was outlawed by the Government September 26, was declared officially today to be a deserter from the Army. Thorez, 39, member of the Chamber of Deputies, was said to have failed to rejoin his unit after a leave. Lithuania Officials to Leave for Moscow KAUNAS, Lithuania, Oct. 9.-VP) Tfaraiffn Minicim JTnnxaa Ilrhcvi Vice-Premier Zizauskas, Gen'. Stasys Eastikis and an economic secretary are expected to leave tomorrow for Moscow to continue conversations with Soviet Russian leaders started last Tuesday. Japanese Recall Berlin Ambassador TOKYO, Oct 8. (U.R) The Foreign Office today recalled Lieut. Gen. Hiroshl Oshima, Japanese ambassador to Berlin who, until the Moscow-Berlin pacts were signed, was an ardent advocate of Japanese adherence to the Rome-Berlin military alliance. ADVERTISEMENT BILIOUS? Mart Is AmaxJnS Relief of ' Conditions Dm to Wutalsli Bowate . If yoa think all laxithm ' act alike, juat try tbia all vaaataMa laxathn. mild, thorough. rHreihinc iariaontiiic. De pendable relief from J'V ndachea, taVoaa apella, tired feeliiif whea ewnrlm. 1 r-t. nrtipatioa. Without Risk If not fellihted, return tha box to ua. Wa win refnna the purchase Meaaaaaaaaa rlce. That'a fair. jgfi I. e "' I i .4 T Haal to AMERICAN SHIP Wm "4 ism i - ! :-!&::::::;:: vi; :::::!:: mS J .I- , " Tha American ship Iroquois, carrying 584 American war refugees, which -Grand Admiral Raeder oi the German Navy, warned the United States would be sunk "through a repetition of circumstances which marked the loss oi the Athenla." A.P. Wirephoto. TEXT OF OFFICIAL COMMENT BY BRITISH GOVERNMENT LONDON. Oct. 8. iP) The text of the British Government's comment on Adolf Hitler's Reichstag speech today follows: Herr Hitler's Reichstag speech in Its full text was only available in London in the course of the afternoon, andt has, therefore, not been possible to give it more than a pre liminary examination. The speech is divided Into two parts. The first, which is mainly a survey of past events, abounds In perversions of the truth, which"Vill be readily recognized by the people of this country and, indeed, of the whole world. Thus, the claim that humane methods of warfare have been employed in Poland, has been refuted by statements in Parliament and by the report of the United States ambassador in Warsaw. The world has already formed Its own judgment about the alleged re quest of the Czechs to be incorpo- rated in the Reich, while Herr Hitler's statement that he has never broken his promise only shows that words' have for him a meaning totally different from that commonly attached to them. RECALLS 1598 Herr Hitler says that in the year 1598 an Englishman spoke of the cruelty and moral licentiousness of the Poles and claims that recent events show that the Polish State was lacking in any National historic cultural or moral foundation. This was not Herr Hitler's view when he said in his Reichstag speech on May 21st, 1935, "we recognize the Polish State as the home of a great patriotic Nation with the understanding and cor dial friendship of avowed Nationalists." In a further passage Herr Hitler complains that "for many years aims have been attributed to German foreign policy which at best might have, been expected from the imagination of a schoolboy," WORLD DOMINATION If misapprehension there has been it can only be attributed to Herr Hitler's open aspirations for world (domination In "Mein Kampr," to his utterances since he came into power and still more to his acts. , . A, Finally the repeated sueimrtinni that Great Britain is responsible for the war have no foundation in fact On the contrary the efforts of His Majesty's- Government to preserve peace during the successive crises brought about by Germany during the last two years are well known and recognized by the whole world. ine second half of the speech contains what Herr Hitler describes as a few more proposals for peace. In their present form, these proposals are in many respects vague and obscure, but it is noted that ttiey contain' no suggestion for reparation ipr the wrongs done by Germany to other peoples. , CAREFUL EXAMINATION Nevertheless they will, as has been declared by the prime minister soat the foreign secretary, be subjected to careful examination in IS WARNED OF 'i 7 I , 1 1. 1 Siiiiiiaiiffl consultation With the Governments of the Dominions and the French Republic. But it Is necessary to remember two things: First, that no peace proposals are likely to be found acceptable which do not effectively free Europe from the menace of aggression; And second, that assurances given by the German Government in the past have on so many occasions proved worthless that something more than words will be required today to establish the confidence which must be the essential basis of peace. - ( Musing Junk Found In Canadian Sound VICTORIA, B.C., Oct. 6.-0J.R) The Chinese Junk ' Tai Ping was sighted in Quatsino Sound today and a Canadian juistoms boat was dispatched to aid her after the tiny craft, 108 days out of Shanghai, was nearly capsized yesterday. The junk, with, five men and a woman aboard, was disabled in a near-gale, It was learned today. A U.S. Coast Guard cutter and airplane searched for the Tai Ping yesterday. The boat was first contacted off the Pacific Coast Tuesday. It was understood the junk would be towed into Victoria as soon as it could be repaired sufficiently. Captain John Anderson and the others aboard were expected to remain with the craft. ,J; Vidtim of Cove-in In Fair Condition Frank Vierra Sallom, 4fl,Vho was buried neck deep yesterday in a ditch cave-in, was reported in "fair condition" today at Providence Hospital. . Sallom was injured Internally during the hour and 15 minutes he was imprisoned by tons of earth In a ditch he was digging near 4684 Reinhardt Drive. Firemen helped a fellow worker rescue him. Sallom, who lives at 1256 81st Avenue, was identified yesterday as Frank Vierra, but authorities said his last name is Sallom. U.S. Safety Zone Rejected by British . LONDON, Oct . UJ9 A British Admiralty representative said today that Great Britain "obviously" cannot accept the new Pan-American "safety zone" surrounding the Ner World south of Canada. v Typical of the several reasons for the British attitude, it was said. Is the fact that the zone seeks to bar belligerent activities on routes to British colonies, such as British Guiana.'.- . v. . LURKING DEATH M . . 9 . .V . v:::i:::::S;: New Neutrality Bill in Making Sen. Nye Reveals Plan To Retain Embargo, Add Cash, Carry Clause Continued from Page 1 ied by a tax on the American people equal to 23 t6 50 per cent 'of their incomes. "One half of our population now lives on meagre rations," he said, "and I am unwilling to degrade them further to benefit nations abroad and profiteers at home. "I am firmly set against any further intervention in Europe by the sale of war materials there in peacetime or war."' Advocates of repealing the arms embargo today gained another Republican vote Senator Barbour of New Jersey as opposition leaders continued to dispute claims of a "substantial majority" for the legis-lation. . , Senator Barbour, who had been listed as doubtful on the embargo issue,: said in a statement that he would vote for the Administration bill because he believed that it was less likely to get the United States into war, . " . ' REPUBLICAN SUPPORTERS Barbour was': the sixth ' cl 1 lie 23 Republican senators to advocate repeal. The others are Austin and Gibson- of Vermont, Taft of Ohio, jHale of Maine, and Reed of Kansas, Along with them, 61 Democrats and one Independent (Norris of Nebraska) are counted by the Administration as "sure" for the: pending bill. Only 49 votes are needed for passage. , . I Contesting these figures; Senator Nye (R., N.D.) an opposition leader, said that Administration I had no more than 39 or 40 definitely pledged for ' repeal and that the embargo group had 32, j leaving more than 20 who have j not yet made up their minds."- ! CONDITIONAL VOTE j Commenting on a statement by Senator - Pittman (D., Nev.) that from 64 to 68 senators may. vote for the bill, Nye said:. -. J "They've got 61 votes for 'cash and carry and if they come to me they can have one more. They haven't got 61 for embargo! repeal." Nye was One of four speakers in yesterday's Senate debate j on the neutrality question.' Also .arguing against repeal was Senator Overton (D, La.), the only southerner publicly opposing the Administration bill. .--,,:.- ..,' f:,,,. - Senator Tobey (R., N.H.) asked that the bill be divided, with prompt acuon on "cash and carry", provisions and later discussion on the embasgo. His proposal will be voted on, Monday,, with . Administration forces seeking to defeat It 'ttttm bjiWvX .ftWW''' No!' Answers London Press Evening Standard Says Hirler'i Speech Is His Own Funeral Oration LONDON, Oct. 8. (IP) A bold faced, single-word "no," captioning the main editorial of Lord Beaver-brook's Evening Standard, sounded the keynote of early British reaction to Adolf Hitler's proposal for an all-inclusive peace conference. "Hitler's speech changes nothing," the Standard said. "If he has made his last peace offer, he also has made his last war. . . . The power of democracy in Britain and France has taken the decision from his hands. "They have decided to finish with Hitler. . He has spoken his own funeral oration." NO OFFICIAL REPLY There was no immediate official reaction to the Hitler speech. Prime Minister Chamberlain, who previously has said he would give unhurried, careful consideration to any German peace plan, is to deliver his weekly war review before Parliament Tuesday. It i considered possible he then will make his first public reference to Hitler's proposals, consulting with the French Government before making an official reply. Observers in London gave the Hitler proposal an extremely remote chance of acceptance. They pointed out that any- peace terms would be guaranteed only by Hitler's word, which is unacceptable to the British Government; they questioned whether a peace would remove the constant threat to Eu rope's security; and considered it unlikely that Britain and France would agree to Germany and Rus sia reconstituting some sort of Polish State between themselves. NOT CENSORED The British " Press Association an nounced that Hitler's Reichstag speech, in which he proposed an all-inclusive peace conference, was "received by British newspapers in full and uncensored." "The censor did not even wish to have it submitted to him. "When in the House of Commons last Tuesday Prime Minister Cham berlain reaffirmed Britain s deter mination to put an end to Nazi aggression, the German people were permitted to1 hear only an extremely condensed and strongly biased summary over the wireless at midnight," the association's statement said. LAST 8000 POLISH TROOPS SURRENDER " BERLIN, Oct 6.-(P)-The German supreme Army command today issued the following communique: "The Fuehrer and supreme commander of the Army (Adolf Hitler) yesterday visited troops of the Eighth Army at Warsaw and had Units of divisions which participated in the conquering forces march past him. "Near Kock, east of Deblin, the last remnants of tne Polish Army, about 8000 men, among whom was General Kleber, downed arms at 10 o'clock this morning. "East of the Vistula, a forward movement began yesterday for occupation of the region at the German-Russian border of limited spheres of interests. "In the West, there was a little artillery activity, otherwise the day passed quietly." - Polish Commissioner ' To Danzig Tortured PARIS, Oct 6. (U.R) The newspaper Le Journal published an interview today with M. Chodacki, Polish high commissioner to Danzig, in which he said that he and his staff were tortured at the outset of the German attack. .. . ' Chodacki said he escaped, the brunt of the mistreatment by reminding his captors that the German ambassador still was in Warsaw end would suffer. like indignities unless they desisted.. His colleagues were, shoved "completely nude in a cell and overwhelmed by blows and humiliation," he said. . Pittman Hurls Defi At Europe Aggressors WASHINGTON, Oct. 6.- (U.R) Chairman Key Pittman (D., Nev.), of the. senate .Foreign Relations, committee said today that if any Euro pean Nation or group of Nations commits certain "deliberate and unquestionable acts of war" against the United States, "they would invite their own inevitable defeat" In an interview, Pittman empha; sized that he believed "this Congress will never vote to send any. American soldiers abroad in this war" al though "we would resist" certain acts of war. He mentioned bombing of American industrial plants as an example. Czechs in France -Start War Training PARIS, Friday,- Oct : 6. (U,R) Singing the Czech popular song, "Czechoslovakia Reborn," the first contingent of Czech volunteers left the capital today for a training sta tion. -- ' , Benes in France On Secret Mission : ' LONDON, Oct. 6.W") Eduard Benes, former President of Czecho-Slovakia, went to France today for undisclosed reasons. ' He left a channel port during the afternoon and later arrived in France. Navy Speeds To Iroquois Captain Ordered To Search Ship For Concealed Bombs Continued from Psge 1 was learned thafthe captain had decided not to tell the passengers, to avoid worrying them. The White House announced the German warnings and the dispatching of naval ships to accompany the Iroquois home. Press Secretary Stephen T. Early said that he placed little credence in Admiral Raeder's information. Raeder summoned Commander A. E. Schrader, U.S. naval attache at Berlin, to his office Wednesday and told him that he believed the Iroquois would be sunk "through a repetition of circumstances which marked the. loss of the (British) steamship Athenian the White House said. 100 LIVES LOST The Athenia was sunk off the isles of Hebrides on the day that England entered the war, wih a loss of more than 100 passengers, including 28 of the 311 Americans aboard; The British charged that the ship was torpedoed by a German submarine. German authorities asserted that the ship had been sunk by the British on orders of Winston Churchill, first lord of the Admiralty, to arouse American sentiment against Germany. It was reported in authoritative circles that Raeder told Schrader that he had .received his information about ' plans' to sink the Iroquois from sources in "neutral Ireland." Neither the White House nor Maritime Commission announce ments detailed Raeder's warning. The Iroquois, a small passenger boat of 6000 tons, usually operates in the New York-Florida trade. She was chartered by the United States Lines to help bring back Americans stranded, in Europe by the war. She sailed from Ireland this week with 684 passengers, mostly Americans, and a crew of 212. SHIP. WARNED The Government wirelessed the warning to Capt. E. A. Chelton, master of the Iroquois, and ordered him to "make a careful search for any possible explosives on board his ship." This was taken as a pre cautionary move lest explosives perhaps bombs had been planted aboard her in Ireland. Under International law, legal . authorities said, a neutral ship carrying explosives to a war zone can, under certain circumstances, be considered fair game for belligerent warships. The Iroquois, however, is coming from a war zone, not going to one. Early said the White House was making Raeder's warning pubjlc because it was believed to be something of which the public should know. President Roosevelt and his cabinet considered it carefully at the cabinet meeting yesterday. There was no desire to alarm anyone, Early said. He did not think "many people believe this report could or would be true. "Certainly I don't believe any Brit ish or French or any other, ships would do what the dispatch says," he said. The White House said that the ship left Cobh," Ireland, Monday, The Maritime, Commission said it sailed Tuesday;, i The full White House statement follows: - v After thorough discussion at the meeting of the cabinet, and because it is felt that there is no reason for withholding the following facts from the public, this information is given out: , - Yesterday the head of the German Navy, Grand Admiral Raeder, of ficially informed the American Government, through the United States naval attache In Berlin, that according to information on which he relied, an American ship, the Iroquois, is to be sunk when it nears our American East Coast. ' ... "The sinking of the Iroquois, Ad miral Raeder said, would be accomplished through a repetition of circumstances which marked the loss of the steamship Athenian CONVOY ORDERED "The S.S. Iroquois, formerly in our coastwise trade, was chartered by the Maritime Commission recently to go to Ireland to bring back Americans who had been caught in Europe at the outbreak of the war. The Iroquois sailed from Ireland on Oc tober 2 with a full list of American passengers. , . - "This was the chief tenor of the note sent to us by the head of the German Navy. "Ab purely precautionary meas ure, a Coast Guard vessel and several Navy ships from the patrol will meet the Iroquois at sea and will accompany her to an American port Furthermore, the captain of the Iroquois has been informed of this official note, from the German admiralty and has been asked to make careful search for any possible explosives on board his ship. , 'The whole of the Information has also been conveyed to the British and French admiralties." ' Hundreds of telephone calls swamped State Department and Maritime Commission switchboards after the White House announcement, and officials said that many were from persons 'with relatives aboard the Iroquois. - - , SHIP WARNING HELD EVIDENCE OF-CRIMINAL MIND , ' LONDON, Oct . m The British Admiralty, commenting on the German statement that the United States liner Iroquois mightbe sunk, said: "It was surprising that &n officer of the former Imperial German Navy like Admiral Raeder should demean his uniform by lending himself to such 'baseness'." The suggestion made to Washington through the United States naval attache at Berlin by the commander of the. German Navy, Admiral Erich Raeder, the admiralty asserted, "enables us once more to realize and measure the criminal mentality of the Nazi party leaders." TEXT MADE PUBLIC The text of the admiralty's communique follows: "The attention of the Admiralty has been drawn to the suggestion emanating from Berlin that the United States ship Iroquois is to be sunk 'through a repetition of the circumstances which marked the loss of the steamship Athenia.' The Athenia was of course sunk by a German U-boat which was plainly seen by responsible surviv ors, no British submarine being within several hundred, miles. The fact that such suggestions should be made by the German Government enables us once again to real ize and measure the criminal men tality of Nazi party leaders, but it is surprising that an officer of the farmer Imperial German" Navy like naeaer snouia Demean his uniform by lending himself to such baseness." PRESS 'AMAZED' The British press orominentlv dl. played the announcement of the tip to Washington and captioned it "amazing," but preferred to let the White House comment stand as its own. United States Ambassador Joseoh P. Kennedy said he was keeping in closest touch with his and the British Governments reaardlne there. ported threat to the Iroquois. The uner nad been especially chartered to repatriate Americans. Kennedy remained at his desk lone past mldnights after word of the warning had been received. One embassy official remarked, "all we can do now is to pray." EMBASSY WORRIED The worried embassy staff feared Raeder's warning would complicate the problem of repatriating some 4000 Americans who are still in the United Kingdom. Some Americans delaying their homeward departures, expressed the opinion that they would just as soon risk air raids here as torpedoing in the Atlantic, . About 2500 of these Americans were said to have no urgent reasons for remaining, but have made no definite plans to go home. Many of them have told the embassy, "we'll wait and see." . , 18 Americans Boarded Iroquois at Liverpool LONDON, Oct. . WV-Eighteen Americans sailed 'from Liverpool aboard the liner Iroquois. The United States Lines listed them as Alan - Arthur 1 Boyden. Blanche) Coates. John James and Bonnie Culbertson, Annie Louise Demarest Sarah Kershaw, Elizabeth M. Prim, .13, Volker William Rass-bach, Eleanor D. Royston, Bernard Richardson, Philip Simonds Kenneth Strange, Clara 'Saltus, Margaret Vernon, Ellis Willis, George Arnold and Violet and ' Marjorie Hammond, 12. ' 1 , . , . Their American, addresses were not available here. , f Officials of Line Scoff at Warning NEW YORK, Oct e.-PHOtf ielals of the United States tines expressed disbelief tonight of a statement by the German Admiralty that the American steamship Iroquois would be sunk off the East Coast "I cannot think calmly that the Iroquois is liable to be sunk off pur coast with 884 American passengers on board," s a i d A. J. McCarthy, operating manager. '' i John F. Brennan, passenger traffic manager, characterized the German warnine as "the silliest thing I have yet heard In these days of wild war alarm. trr- . . JHHLL. il L HIGH t U 6 G UN , S canvas rn 'Pw Dress Case,- AG .SOVuw.'V'Vtt values, W&arr No Precedent FDR. Warns Protection Ordered For Iroquois Held Isolated Incident , HYDE PARK, N.Y, Oct . 6. 01.10 ; President Roosevelt Indicated to- ; day that his order dispatching Coast Guard and naval vessels to protect the S.S. Iroquois stands by itself and does not mean that simi lar protection will be given other American vessels bringing noma United States Nationals from European danger zones. . . . Roosevelt said he set no prece dent in dispatching a Coast Guard vessel and several destroyers to accompany the Iroquois to her home port New York City. ' '-, Seated in an automobile beside the special train which brought him here for the week-end, the President said the speed with which he was able to act In affording protection to the Iroquois presents an excellent illustration of why the neutrality patrol is operating in waters off the coast of this country. In other words, Roosevelt' said, vessels capable of offering protec' tion to the homeward-bound American passenger ship already were far out in the Atlantic, in a most advantageous position to give instant aid to the Iroquois. Iroquois Formerly In Coast Service The American liner Iroquois, returning to New York with 584 war refugees under threat of being sunk under circumstances "which marked the loss of the steamship Athenia, was on the San Francisco-Los Angeles run from June 30 to December 9, 1931. . ' At that time the 3405-ton vessel was under charter to the Los Angeles Steamship Company from the New York-Miami Steamship Corp? ration (Clyde Mallory Line), to tak the place of the Harvard, whidi went on the rocks at Pt Arguello. A turbine-driven vessel, she wa , painted white and had two funnel She is 394 feet long, has a beam of 62 feet Her home port Is New York. She was built at Newport News. Va., In 1927. ; ., . ; , ' ;. 'Plenty of Men', , England Reports There Is no shortage of mint-power in Great Britain at the present time, according to a statement issued today ,by British Consul-General P, D. Butler In San Fran- ciscoT ' -. ;i ''-'J "'-! '!-.'.' Butler said: . ' ' "Numerous applications are being ' received from British subjects resident in this country who are anxious to return to the United Kingdom and join His Majesty's forces. - "Instructions from London indicate, however, that there -is no shortage of man-power at present that all facilities for training re-' emits are at present in full use, and that requirements regarding further recruiting can best be met by a gradual flow 'of British, subjects from abroad as the war pro-' ceeds. .-" ,; v "Further Instructions on the long-term prospects of recruiting British subjects living' abroad will be received in due course." , iL l i i l f f f j n 1 1 i ' i i i- l , i "i ....... .-j. ' Women, Babies Flee . Europe as 'Sailors' -: GALVESTON. Texas, Oct .(U.R) Twelve women and children, who . fled from war-torn Europe as crew, members of the Lyke Line freighter. Eglantine, landed her early today. . They said they had signed aboard-, the Eglantine as crew members be-, cause the ship had no license for carrying passengers, and it offered-their only opportunity to return., home immediately. ' Even four-months-old Ann M,-Eames, daughter of Mrs. Annie; Eames of New York, was listed as-a member of the crew, j The ship was stopped by a Ger- , man submarine 'two days out of Liverpool, but allowed to proceed after German officers examined its,, papers. '' . V V . of ! (

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