Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on August 18, 1963 · Page 4
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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page 4

Rochester, New York
Issue Date:
Sunday, August 18, 1963
Page 4
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A A ROCHESTER DEMOCRAT AND CHRONICLE Sunday. Au-j. 18. 1963 f . Quick Approval Seen For Test Ban Treaty WASHINGTON f De-jpite some rough waters whipped up by the Senate Preparedness subcommittee, the limited nuclear test ban treaty appears to be sailing smoothly toward overwhelming ratification. Administration witnesses, with unanimous backing of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, built up in five days of hearings last week what even some of the fence sitters describe as a strong and effective case for the pact to ban tests except underground. The sum of their testimony is as the uniformed military chiefs concluded in a joint statement that while there are military "risks and disadvantages" In the treaty, the broader advantages make it "compatible with the security interests of the United States." Gen. Maxwell D. Taylor, the Joint Chiefs' chairman, made it clear that the military endorsement was based on assurances that approval of ratification by f the Senate will be accom--panicd by: (1) Aggressive continuation of weapons development by underground testing. (2) Maintenance of modern laboratory facilities and a readincs to resume atmospheric testing should Russia abrogate the treaty. (3) A continued build-up of defense forces, and (4) Improvement of techniques for detecting any Soviet attempt to cheat. M )f w SECRETARY of Slate Dean Rusk, Secretary of Defense Robert S. McNamara and Dr. Glenn T. Seaborg, chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission, all testified that these safeguards are a part of " n a t i o n a 1 policy." Support for this view was also reported to have been provided in secret testimony by John A. McCone, director of the Central Intelligence Agency. But the Senate Preparedness subcommittee, a unit of the Armed Services Committee, demanded of the Administration with the full backing of the parent group a detailed blueprint f plans to implement the safeguards. The Foreign Relations Committee, which has jurisdiction over the treaty, is sitting jointly with the Armed Services panel and Senate members of the Senate-House Atomic Energy Committee. The week's hearings concluded Friday with endorsement of the pact by Gen. Curtis E. LeMay, Air Force chief of staff, and McCone. Both testified behind closed doors, McCone before the three-committee group, LeMay before the preparedness subcommittee. Senators said LeMay showed more reluctance and concern than the other military chiefs. Witnesses this week will By WILLIAM L RYAN Associated Press Special Correspondent The United States is lagging behind to a shocking degree in one Cold War aspect. Unquestionably, this will go down in history as the "ism lag." The United States has a handful of little old isms to its credit its good old standby, capitalism, for example. Maybe once in a while a politician comes up with a malapropism. Once in a while a new ism is invented in the West like existentialism. But the western heart doesn't seem to be in the game. The Communists have isms to burn. In any ism contest, they would win hands down. And sometimes they even understand their own isms, or let on they do. . That's why the Communists claim to understand what the Soviet-Chinese battle is all about. They know their isms. If you have a non-communist type of mind, you would be staggered by what appeared Nov. 16 in Red Flag, a Communist Chinese newspaper. It said: "All Communists must work hard to raise their ability to distinguish Marxism-Leninism from revisionism, to distinguish the way of opposing dogmatism with Marxism-Leninism from that of opposing Marxism-Leninism with revisionism under the cover of opposing dogmatism, and to distinguish the way of opposing sectarianism with proletarian internationalism from that of opposing proletarian internationalism with great-nation chauvinism and narrow nationalism under the cover of opposing sectarianism." Any Communist can tell you that if you don't dig that, you've simply "lost touch By ERNEST B. VACCARO include Dr. Edward Teller. Hungarian -born physicist and Air Force consultant, who opposes the pact. T WEEK'S EM), Sen. J. W.Fulbright,D-Ark.,the Foreign Relations Committee chairman, said he now thinks there will be less than 20 votes against ratification. This would assure far more than the two-thirds majority necessary to approve the treaty. Unless Teller or other witnesses can convince a kubstantial number of senators the Administration experts are all wrong, ratification home time after Labor Day seems certain. The burden of Teller's case has already been made public in censored testimony released by the preparedness subcommittee, chaired by Sen. John Sten-nis, D-Miss., where he appeared last week. Teller insisted, as he undoubtedly will insist when he appears before the three -committee group Tuesday, that ratification of the treaty would have "grave consequences for the free world." He said the Russians may have gained "a decisive lead" in "the Investigation of the effects of nuclear weapons" through their moratorium breaking atmospheric tests in 1961. Teller argued, among other things, that the treaty negotiated by the United States, Britain and Russia, (1) Cannot be entirely policed to prevent Russian cheating, (2) Would enable the Soviets to retain their advantage in multimega-ton explosives, (3) Inhibit U.S. verification of the hardness of its missile sites and, (4) Impede the development of a U.S. anti-missile defense. )( SEABORG, Nobel prize-winning scientist, disputed Teller's testimony almost as soon as it was off the preparedness subcommittee duplicating machines. Seaborg said "all the points he made were considered carefully over and over again" by other distinguished scientists in government and "I believe the conclusion has been the points he makes are not important enough to forego the treaty." He added that, in saying the Russians have a "decisive lead" in investigation of the effects of nuclear weapons, Teller stated a premise that Seaborg and other scientists "do not believe." Sen. Richard B. Russell, D-Ga., the Armed Services Committee chairman, said he still is keeping an open mind on how he would vote, but admitted Administration spokesmen had "made a very strong case." So did Fulbright, and Chairman John 0. Pastore, D-R.L, of the Atomic Energy group. Communism The latter two senators strongly support the treaty. JyTENMS said yesterday that Gen. Thomas S. Power, chief of the Strategic Air Command, will testify tomorrow on the proposed treaty. At the same time, Sten-nis said his group is "entering the final stage of its 11 month inquiry into the military and scientific aspects of nuclear testing, including the impact which the proposed test ban would have upon our military posture and preparedness." Like other witnesses before the Senate watchdog defense group. Power will testify at a closed session. Members of the subcommittee include senators who have indicated doubt about the proposed limited test ban, including Sens. Strom Thurmond, DSC, Barry Goldwater, R-Ariz., and Henry M. Jackson, D-Wash. Last Flooding for Nile CAIRO W Sun-browned tourists sipping cool drinks from the Nileside terraces of Cairo are unknowingly watching the end of a drama as old as history. The great Nile River is deceptively flexing its muscles for possibly the last time. It is beginning the annual flood that for 7,000 known years and doubtless many more has brought either starvation or full stomachs to Egypt's masses. By next year, the high dam being built upriver at Aswan will be big enough to keep flood-waters below the danger point. N ANCIENT days mastery of the river would have brought forth decorated barges, with chanting priests casting maidens into the dark waters. Nowadays, hardly anyone notices that a historic event is taking place. Plans are going ahead for the annual festival celebrating the flood, but the emphasis is on industrial achievements. This unconcern is partly due to the low dam which Great Britain built at Aswan 60 years ago. It has kept the river in check most of the time though there were four great floods. Before that the farmers never knew whether the annual rise would be a destructive torrent or the gentle swell which enriched the fields with silt. "X- -)( ( ANCIENT TIIARAOIIS were judged by how the river acted. The doings of the river were often recorded in the Bible. In pre-Biblical times, It enriched man's culture with Has 'Confusionism' Troubles with the masses." You may even be guilty of anti-ismism. Communists find the ism a handy instrument. They can, for example, quickly make an adjective out of any ism just by changing "ism" to "ist." In this way they can call opponents an almost limitless number of bad names and stay within the rules of the game. Not all isms are bad. Some are considered good. Marxism, to a Communist, is one of the best isms. Revisionism, these days, is pretty bad. On the whole, most isms are bad, however. EARLY ISMS were both good and bad. There were basic isms, like capitalism, colonialism, fascism, imperialism, finance imperialism, economic imperialism and so forth all bad. There were Marxism, dialectical materialism, economic determinism, democratic centralism, Communism, war communism, Bolshevism and Leninism, all of them good. There was socialism, too. This was good, if socialism meant Bolshevism, but if it meant the sort of socialism as practiced by benighted reformers in the West, that was very bad, indeed. Came the Stalin era, and with it a new crop of isms. Often these isms were named for people. Mostly, they were bad. There was Trotskyism, which was against Stalinism. There were other anti-Stalinist isms like Bukharinism and Zinovievism. A lot of Communist leaders were taken suddenly dead m the Stalin era and had the dubious honor of having isms named after them, like Traicho Kostov-ism (Bulgarian) and Laszlo Rajkism (Hungarian). Many of these ismists were hanged. They were rehabilitated under Khrush , . i PRESIDENT'S SISTERS IN' VIENNA Mrs. Stephen Smith, right, and Mrs. Peter Law ford, two of President Kennedy's sisters, meet patient at a home for retarded children in Vienna. With them is Dr. Andreas Rett, head of clinic. A Kennedy family foundation for retarded children distributes funds to such institutions all over the world. (AP Photo) By GEORGE McARTHUR a vast mythology, including the supposed creator of the world, Khnum, who resided at Aswan where the Nile supposedly sprang from the earth. The flood enriched mankind in other ways. The Greek historian Herodotus traced the beginnings of geometry to the floods. It was devised by the Egyptians to define land boundaries disputed after the passage of destructive floods. THE FLOODS are not caused by the White Nile which rises at Lake Victoria but by the capricious Blue Nile from Ethiopia which joins the White at Khartoum to form the Great Nile. By mid-June each year the Blue Nile begins to pour torrential Ethiopian rains into the White Nile j J s w s sv vA'1fc J 111 VWMMMMllwiiMiiii mi m Minn i THE GREAT NILE flows past carved figures . . . dam at Aswan will master river, ending floodings. chev, a Muscovite way of saying, "Oops! Our mistake!" STALIN'S HELPERS invented other isms, too. There was talmudism, which meant citing scriptures to prove a point. This was the same thing as citationism. There was socialist realism, a good ism. This meant that when a painter painted something, you recognized it. If he was a wise painter, he painted a Soviet project with a portrait of Stalin in the background. Stakhanovism was a good ism. This was the ism with which the Communists imposed the speedup in factories. A bad ism was Taylorism. This, said the Communists, was the ism with which Americans imposed the speedup in factories. Stalin also had cosmopolitanism and bourgeois cosmopolitanism, which meant the sinner was interested in countries other than Russia. He had bourgeois nationalism, which meant a people ruled by Russians had nasty ideas about being free. There were nationalism and narrow nationalism, which meant that Communist-ruled countries didn't think of the Soviet Union's interests first. Stalin also invented Titoism, which meant that the Yugoslav Communists were no good. Spanning the Stalin-Khrushchev eras were hardy perennial isms like internationalism, proletarian internationalism, proletarian patriotism and progressive patriotism. All mean: "I like the U.S.S.R. best of all." Other perennials include chauvinism, great-power chauvinism, adventurism, left adventurism, right adventurism, sectarianism, narrow sectarianism, opportunism, right opportunism, left op r 4 a a "jf A.-.V -i - M and completely dominates the flow until mid-September. The timing and size of the annual floods are perhaps better recorded than any continuing natural event in man's history. Pharaohs and peasants have measured the event with crude or sophisticated nilometers. On Rhoda Island at Cairo a nilometer has been in operation since 164 B. C. The present watchman, 55-year-old Mohamed es-Sayed es-Saadani, has been on the job 30 years and is philosophic about the passing of the floods. And from now on, Egypt hopes, the once unpredictable river will be more monotonous and more fruitful than the ancients ever thought possible. On-The-Scene Reports by AP Correspondents The News Behind Tomorrow's Headlines Leftist Parties Unite, Threaten Crisis in Ceylon By HENRY COLOMBO. Ceylon I Under the impetus of an American action, the squabbling, left-wing political parties of Ceylon have united. Anger toward Washington has brought together Communists and other Marxists, leading to formation last Monday of the United Left Front (ULFi. Preachings of Leftist leaders had encouraged socialist trends within the government of the world's only woman prime minister, Mrs. Sirimavo Banda-ranaike. U.S. aid was halted last February because the government seized 181 service stations from Western oil companies and dragged its feet on paying compensation. Now a unified Left has a better but still obscure chance of capturing power to carry out more extreme nationalization plans and possibly orient neutralist Ceylon toward the Communist world. MOST OF the 10.6 million people of Ceylon, an island just off the southern tip of India, spend little time thinking of anyone capturing power. The atmosphere is too relaxed, in a tropical climate that grows anything and requires few clothes. But in Colombo, a modern port city, a sense of politics is strong and confused. Few can agree on which way the political situation is moving. Even leading politicians disagree on what their parties will achieve. A new possibility is that ULF might draw enough support from Mrs. Banda- Indonesia Flexes JAKARTA, Indonesia UP) The 35-foot statue atop Jakarta's newest monument shows a muscular man, shattered chains dangling from his upraised arms. The man is Indonesia and the broken shackles betoken the bonds of colonialism. This is the image of itself Indonesia wants to project as it celebrates the 18th anniversary of its declaration of independence from the Dutch. That declaration plunged this arc-shaped chain of islands into more than four years of intermittent warfare and led to a United States of Indonesia. portunism. Communists know what these mean, if they are good Communists. ISMS PLAYED an important part in the Chinese-Russian battle. There were capitulationism, revisionism, modern revisionism (Khrushchev's type, according to the Chinese), deviation-ism, right wing deviationism, left wing deviationism, creative Marxism-Leninism (which means that if Marxism gets in the way, invent a detour, maoism, anti dogmatism, doctrinarianism. If you believed Communists should try for power through elections, the Chinese held you guilty of parliamentarianism. If you were really stubborn about it, you committed parliamentary cretinism, which Lenin invented. If you were a Russian and weren't ready to defend Red China, you committed open doorism. If you were a German who disliked Communists in East Germany, you were, said the Russians, guilty of re-vanchism. T THE DROP OF A HAT, you might commit utopianism, which means you want miracles all of a sudden. If you line up with one group or another, you commit factionalism, also called fractionalism. If you listen to a democratic socialist, you are a reformist (a bad name) or a petty bourgeois reformist (a much worse name). You can easily commit functional-ism. This means, when you're sent to do a job, you do only that job and don't look around for other things to do. Or hooliganism, meaning sowing wild oats. SPOTLIGHT S. BRADSHER ranaike's Freedom Party to win an election expected in 1965 or at least dictate coalition terms. FTER GAINING inde- pendence from Britain In 1948, Ceylon was governed until 1956 by the right wing, westernized United National Party. S. W. R. D. Bandaranaike led a ballot box revolt of rural elements among Ceylon's majority group, the Sinhalese Buddhists, and was prime minister from 1956 until his assassination in 1959. The government of his widow has lacked strong direction. It encompasses elements from the conservative right to such leftists as Tikiri Banda Illangara-tne, seizer of the service stations. Dissatisfaction with the government caused growth in the strength of the right wing UNP. By early this year, that party had frightened left wing parties into self-examination. One is the Community Party. Its parliamentary leaders h i p looks to Moscow but its trade union leaders admire Peking. Another is a Trotskyite party. Its parliamentary leaders seem to have renounced Trotsky's preachings of perpetual revolution in favor of the ballot box but, again, some elements in the party look to Peking's violence. Third is the revolutionary Socialist party headed by Philip Gunawardena who learned his Marxism in the United States. By TONY ESCODA The blood spilled for freedom has led at least some people here to feel a touch of scorn for Asian neighbors such as the Phil-lippines and Malaya. In the words of one Indonesian, these countries had their independence "handed to them on a silver platter" by the United States and Britain. TODAY this country of 100 million people boasts the largest standing army in Southeast Asia 400,000 men with modern weapons, including guided missiles. This military force provides the muscle which President Sukarno's "guided democracy" regime flexes from time to time in pursuing its policy of neutralism. Sukarno's tactics, at least once, have paid off handsomely on his terms. The disputed territory of West New Guinea became the Indonesian province of West Irian last May 1. The 150-foot concrete monument bearing t h e statue of the man with the shattered chains commemorates the West Irian victory. But that victory had a high price tag. Sukarno has said Indonesia poured 70 per cent of its "national potential and ability" into the mili-tary buildup which it used chiefly to confront the Dutch during five years of the West Irian crisis. The burden includes a debt of according to unofficial estimates close to 1 billion for weapons obtained over the years from the Soviet bloc on credit. THE RESULTS: A further heavy strain on Indonesia's economy. Inflation has pushed many consumer goods out of the reach of the man in the street. A laborer, when he works, may earn the equivalent of a nickel a day. At one recent point, even V it 1 Hi r . i CEYLON'S PREMIER Mrs. Sirimavo Bandaranaike is only woman prime minister in the world. Leaders of all three parties say they were moving toward unity but the cutoff of American aid spurred them. OTHER TROUBLE is brewing. Civil disobedience is being threatened by a minority that speaks Tamil against a law making Sinhalese the only government language after the first of next year. Language conflicts have led to bloodshed and martial law several times in the last five years. And there is continuing economic trouble. The leftists' solution has been to nationalize foreign investments. Illangaratne has stolen some of that thunder. Whoever directs the government of Ceylon in the future, the unified left-wing looks like an important factor. Muscles with the West Irian issue settled, the rupiah officially pegged at 45 to $1 hit a black market peak of 1,250 to $1. Grumbling is loudest on Java Island, which holds 60 per cent of the country's population, and the discontent has provided ammunition for the two-million-member Communist party, biggest outside the Iron Curtain. AN ATTEMPT is being made to achieve Indonesia's first balanced budget by the end of next year. The government has turned to the West, particularly the United States, for financial assistance. This is under discussion in the American Congress. A proposed amendment to the foreign aid bill would omit this country unless President Kennedy feels such aid is vital to U.S. interests. Indonesia is also seeking a stabilization loan from the International Monetary Fund. BUT A NEW "confrontation" has started up with Malaya over its plan to merge with Singapore and the British Borneo terrorists in a Malaysia federation. Sukarno is apparently reluctant to see a potential power, with British defense links, develop independent of him in his own frontyard. He calls the project a "neocolonialist" scheme on the part of Britain and a threat to Indonesia's security. He has agreed to let Ma-layasia be formed only if the United Nations determines to his satisfaction that the people of the neighboring Borneo territories really want the merger. Meanwhile, Indonesia's military muscle is again being flexed. Sukarno could be thinking of another victory in the name of the man with the shattered chains.

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