Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on May 31, 1945 · Page 1
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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page 1

Rochester, New York
Issue Date:
Thursday, May 31, 1945
Page 1
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J SECTION TWO- WE RECOMMEND Albert E. Wlggam nays increased use of machinery and "gadgets" lowers a nation's population. Read his reasons for this statement on Tage 18 today. April Sugar Kana starts intramural overture but Hotshot bows out. Sea page II ll.TTH YEAR ROCHESTER. N. Y., THURSDAY. MAY 31. 1915 PAGE FIFTEEN I " -Seen and Heard" HARDLY CONSISTENT T JXTIL Undersecretary of War Robert P. Patterson re- voked the sentence, a drumhead court sitting in France was determined to cool off in the can for a couple of years "a private, soldier named Joe McGee, out of "Worcester, Mass., because he had flapped three or four malingering Nazi prisoners in the teeth. Patterson's action restored McGee to active duty. It is possible, of course, that there is more behind the case of McGee than is visible to the naked eye, and he may have been mulliganish, scrappy and un-seemingly testy, but the soldier had been shot by the Germans $ Ton Suct Misconduct r,-? I WOULD HOSEiVWpyod Ui IF I hap A rtowe at the time of th .Christmas bulge, decorated and his service points total up to 120. If he lost h:s temper when, as he says the Kraut prisoners refused to perform their mandated chores and slugged them with his dukes he violated the military code, while displaying the sort of spirit that had been inculcated in him during the many months that he was trained to bring the severest physical harm to all Germans in uniform. The sentence originally imposed upon McGee seems 01. the surface sufficiently absurd to demand an inquiry into the court that pronounced it. What sort of business is this, anyway, that the brass hats in, Europe are about when they can commit to stir for two years a hard boots private of a combat unit, who has been through the fighting mill, merely because i'i holds a lingering grudge against .his erstwhile enemies? And what about the democracy of this reat army of ours? Why are they picking on private soldiers? Didn't Patton, a general, slap an American hospital patient, get away with it without courtmar-tial, hold his command, in time to get another star on his helmet, and become a front page hero? When they train an American kid to kill, and kill, and kill Germans, and expect him to do that job right up to the hilt until the last gun is fired they ere expecting too much, I should think, to think that the day or week after the peace is signed he should begin some of this Al-fonse and Gaston stuff with the Heinies who may be put in h3 charge as war prisoners, ir some German has pinked him in the chest or leg with a bullet during the fighting, and made e wound that stni troubles him. it would seem quite human and natural if he fetched one up from his boot-tops and let a Heinie prisoner have it on the button if the Heinie didn t give a good heave-ho, and promptly, when ordered to do so. Somehow I can't blame McGee. 'JTHE original sentence imposed upon Private Joe McGee seems particularly absurd in the light of the manner in which the Allied command has treated some of the bigshote of Nazidom, who have not yet been called up for trial, and who, one sometimes feare, will manage to sluice through the toils of justice, and live out their infamous lives as immune from punishment as most captains in history who have been unfortunate enough to lose a war. I am thinking specifically at this moment of fat Hermann Goering, Number 2 man in Hitler's Murder Inc., who, giving himself up, appears to have received much more consideration than a fellow would get who walked into a police station with the announcement that he had robbed a bank of $100,000. Goering was favored with a sort of informal luncheon party, with headquarters' dogrobbers handing about roast chicken, side dishes and numerous slugs of cognac, which he ate and drank with relish,- and during which he continued to wear across the chest of his gaudy uniform many of the medals and citations that had "honored" his nefarious career. Later he granted the press an interview, in which he sweat a little in the hot sun and yipped about the doublecross he felt, his boy friend, Adolf, had given him. But he seemed quite confident he would be given the sportsmanlike treatment his Anglo-Saxon adversaries might be expected to accord a gallant rival in defeat. Later his captors denied serving him roast chicken or shaking hands with him. To be sure, there may , have been some subtle scheming behind the open-handed manner in which the cognac was served to the bedizened, bemedaled hero of the Luftwaffe, and under the stimulus of several ponies of the same, Goering's tongue may have wagged out secrets that less hospitable inquisitors would never have learned, but this speculation has not been confirmed in press reports. Yet, as time cools the hot urge for retribution, one wonders if these Nazi pigstickers who were responsible for the black crimes that have been spread on the record of six long years of the most terrible ordeal the world has ever .suffered, will .enjoy, from military courts, the easy. DR. PERKINS CITES GAINS AT PARLEY letoff many obviously guilty felons have received from criminal courts in the United States. )$ 'JODAY in America, and even in our own city, it seems no great trick virtually to get away with murder, and for a long time following World War I we had the sorry spectacle of crooks, thugs, racketeers and hatchet-men, often organized into elaborate crime syndicates, plying their various trades in impertinent disdain of the law. It was a period of license inspired I suppose by the moral deterioration society invariably suffers at the close of a great war, and what went on in the 20's and early 30's left a stain on the American judiciary that hiis never entirely been erased. The sale of spirits was declared constitutionally illegal, and in protest of this charged violation of the personal rights of American men and women, many ordinarily law-abiding people deliberately entered into traffic with men who, rather than purveying to the public, should have been fitted to the hangman's noose or lodged for long periods in jail. Mobster murders in the great cities were connived at, the agencies of law and order appeared to have no effective apparatus to bring the murderers to trial, and occasionally when one was stood at the bar of justice, prosecutors found either that their hands were tied by legal technicalities or that the complaining witnesses had been frightened from the stand. Men like Al Capone were rarely tried for crimes of violence, but, if the law did put its hand upon them, it did so under the authority of some such circumspect charge as falsifying income tax returns, and then only after years of slow and tortuous investigation. So, perhaps following the precedent of our criminal courts, the extraterritorial tribunals set up in Europe will find excuses, extenuating circumstances, or become so tangled in legal red tape hat the Goerings and the rest of their despicable kind will be let off with nothing more harmful to them than a carpet lecture and a stern admonition not "to do it again." I hope that this is not so. The recent appointment of Robert H. Jackson, associate justice of the Supreme Court, as the United States rep resentative on an international military court to try war criminals, may help to make it not so. But so far, so far as the public knows, the only punishment to war criminals has been self-inflicted by the act of suicide, and only a very few have "dismissed" their cases in this manner. JJEFORE the military command begins threatening good combat soldiers like Pvt. Joe McGee with disgrace and imprisonment for socking a few Kraut prisoners, it would seem the better part of justice to get on with the trials of the Nazi high shots who were responsible for bringing this war down about the ears of a long suffering humanity. The Army would have done no good for itself in impounding McGee. The Allied tribunals for the trial of war criminals will break faith with the world if they fail promptly to get their prisoners into the dock and, if convicted, fail to give them, in the patois of the underworld, "the book." Rationing Board To Give Fuel Oil Form Tomorrow Chief Clerk Samuel R. Papalia of the rationing board announced yesterday that the first of more than 30,000 fuel oil application forms will be forwarded to users here tomorrow. The first batch, numbering 13,000, will go to home owners with central heating plants using fuel oil. To those having space heaters application forms will be mailed later. Including business places, apartments and stores, there are 30,000 fuel oil users here. Gray D. Dickason, chairman of the fuel oil panel, urged all consumers to return the applications promptly and pointed out that users must make out their own forms and sign them under a change in regulations that prevents suppliers from performing this task. No increase in allotments is expected during the coming heating season and Dickason reminded that all current coupons expire Aug. 31 of this year. ; Man Injures Hand When Hit by Auto Sylvester J. Parina, 48, of 24 Hobart St., suffered an injury to his left hand when he was struck by a car at the Four corners about 2:25 a. m. yesterday. Driver of the car was Ira P. Roblin, 29, of 195 Peck St., police reported. MAN INJURED IN FAIX Henry Banholtzer, 72, of 15 Rome St., suffered a bruise on the right side of the head when he fell to the pavement while crossing Central Avenue" near North Street shortly before 1 p. m. yesterday. He was taken to Genesee Hospital, Coast Conference Success Certain, Says U. R. Aide By JEAN WALRATH Dr. Dexter Perkins, historian for the World Security Conference, was back home in Rochester yesterday with a fat- batch of notes and a stout spirit of optimism over the accomplishments at San Francisco. "There's no question that the con ference will be successful from the standpoint of the central objective of drawing up a world charter on the Dumbarton Oaks Plan," declared the history department head of the University of Rochester, whose assignment was to "cover" the conference developments for the OWI Bureau of Overseas Publication- Part of his task as official historian was to make a daily broadcast to troops abroad. Differences between representatives of the great powers, said Dr. Perkins, were "over - dramatized." Notwithstanding all that was reported in the press about clashes among the delegates, the Big Three working together solved every problem in drawing the charter, he pointed out. He warned of the "great danger of underestimating San Francisco." Russia's Premier Molotov was characterized by the historian as "the ablest man there." Com. Harold Stassen, Minnesota Republican, he said was "a corker a prince" and Senator Vandenberg was a diligent and able worker at the con ference. The influence of both Vandenberg and Stassem ho said, should weigh heavily in uniting the nation behind ratification of the world charter! Unwilling to discuss the explosive question of Polish rights which appeared to threaten the conference machinery daily. Dr. Perkins remarked that the delegates acted wisely in excluding controversial issues from the business of the meeting, which was to draw up a world security plan. The main concern of the nation now, he said, is to see to it that elements bent on destroying sentiment for world organization are effectively blocked. " Continued on Tage Twenty-four rf7 144 jl run . """-"a yn i ft J v-V t y WARRIORS 80 YEARS APART: A MAN OF '65 AND MEN OF 45 Oldest soldier in New York State to participate in Memorial Day rites, Grand Marshal of the Parade William A. Hard, veteran of the Civil War, is shown at the left as he rode with great-grandson, Sgt. James Ecksten, who has been honorably discharged from service in present war. At right, World War II veterans in their first Memorial Day parade. SOLDIER FREE, FAMILY HEARS Staff Sgt. Clarence J. Becker, 30, husband of Mrs. Agnes Becker and son of Mr. and Mrs. August Becker, 360 Wilkens St., a prisoner of the Germans since July, has been liberated from Stalag IV-B, according to word received by his family from the Red Cross. The paratroop er was employed by Timely Clothes before entering the service in July, 1942. He went overseas in April, 1943, and fought in Africa and Italy before 'the D-Day invasion of France. He is the father of three children, Donald, 8, Allen, 6, and Nancy Ann, 4. Gannett Workers to Get New Benefits t'LAKKNC K J. BKCKKB All on 2 Papers Here Will Share Under Program Regular employes of The Rochester Democrat and Chronicle and The Rochester Times-Union are to receive additional employe benefits as a result of a policy adopted by Gannett Co., Inc. announced yesterday by Frank Gannett, presi-jdent. This expanded program, which will become effective July 1, must of course first be approved by the Treasury Department and the National War Labor Board. The program has been recommended to and undoubtedly will be adopted by lall the affiliated newspapers and radio stations in the Gannett organization. The company's voluntary program goes far beyond any now established by contract with the various unions. Henceforth, all regular employes will be given sick leave, hospitalization insurance, group life insurance, pay for holidays and severance pay. The last provides for those who may lose their position through no fault of their own as in case of a severe business setback. A welcome innovation for employes paid by the day is payment for holidays, whether worked or not. Those who do work on a holiday are to be paid an extra' regular day or night's pay. With a large number of employes on the company's payroll, this means a sizable outlay. Sick pay Ls to be computed at the rate of two-thirds of an employe's regular daily or weekly earnings. Such sick leave pay, which begins on the employe's sixth regular working day, will be granted on the basis of one week -for each year of continuous employment, up to 20 years. After six months of continuous employment with' the company, each regular employe will be given hospitalization insurance under the local Blue Cross plan. A life insurance polic;- of $1,000 also will be given each regular employe after six months of continuous service. Provision is made for increasing both hospital and life insurance coverage if an employe cares for It and contributes the additional premium. "Announcement of (his policy means the realization of a long-cherished hope," said Gannett. "It has been my belief that the employe is a co-worker and entitled to his share in a company's earnings. "As soon as Gannett Co., Inc., had established itself, a system of profit-sharing was Introduced as proof of my sincerity. Right now the company's employes share in 15 per cent of its profits. Since the profit-sharing plan was adopted more than $1,500,000 has been distributed to the company employes. This new liberalized program of benefits still ls further proof of the company's desire to better working and living conditions for all its regular employes. "Many of the benefits announced today have been In effect, partly or wholly. Some of them are entirely new. "The company is happy to inaugurate this program. It is a freat satisfaction to me personally and to the company's officers that the organization has grown so soundly, through the efforts of all, that we are able to adopt this extensive obligation." 45,000 BRAVE 1 CHILL WINDS FOR PARADE Civil War Vet, 103, Leads Memorial Day March Undaunted , by bitterly chill winds that swept the city, an estimated 45,000 Rochesterians lined three miles of curbs yesterday to watch the hour-long Memorial Day Parade. Solemnly, quietly the crowd watched as the heros of four wars marched or rode in the somber units that interspersed the brilliantly uniformed bands and massed colors. With no remaining buddies to share his glory. 103-year-old William A. Hard of the Grand Army of the Republic rode in an open car at the head of the parade, straight, smiling and alert. Oldest soldier In the state to participate In Memorial Day, he wns the grand marshal of the parade and he played his role like - a fcreat general, nodding right and left tit his car rolled slowly down Broad Street to the reviewing stand at City Hall, where he left the procession. Eyes of the crowd turned to gaze ss long as possible at Monroe County's last living soldier of the Civil War who wore his broad-brimmed hat with the gold braid and the uniform of the Boys in Blue, jauntilly set off by a bright red necktie. His lap was loaded with flowers. With him rode his khaki-uniformed great - grandson, Sgt. James Ecksten., recently discharged from service: his granddaughter, Mrs. Lola Ecksten, and Henry C. Godctte, commander of the memorial and executive committee, and veteran of World War I. Veterans of the Spanish-American War and World Wars I and JI, smartly turned-out young men of military units stationed In Rochester, New York Guardsmen. Red Cross units, a sprinkling of WACS, WAVES and SPARS, a small army of school children and Boy Scouts and a dozen bands with their sparkling majorettes formed the body of the procession that streamed through the downtown section along a line of march extending from East Avenue and Continued on Page Twenty-four FATHER'S DAY, JUNE 17 ALWAYS RELIABLE Outdoor Shirts to Make Dad Cool and Style-Happy "r Knitted Tee-Shirts, 3.50 SKETCHED at the left is a novelty-knit Tee shirt superbly finished and keenly smart. In these color-combinations: Gold-blue, blue-natural, red-blue and red-natural. One of the very finest Tee-Shirts you'll see around. Plain-color Tee-Shirts, in several popular colors, $1.50. Jacket Shirts, 7.50 JACKET-style knitted sport shirt shown at the right carries a tremendous lot of youthful style. Handsome checked pattern in blue, tan and maize. Smoked pearl buttons and one pocket with flap. This shirt has exceptionally fine quality, an unusual number. f . - White Oxford Gordon Doublcr, 2.46 WHITE OXFORD doubler-style shM; it carries on brilliantly either as a sport shict or as a regular style with tie. Regular neck sizes and sleeve lengths. A wonderfully useful all-purpose suit for both outing and street wear. And a tip-top value. a can m&&Mms-? Sport Sox 1.00 to 1.50 ANKLE-LENGTH sport sox in wool-blends and all-wool. Offered in a variety of the smartest summer coloring. Take a few pairs on your vacation, and you'll have smartly turned out ankles. fvklFarlin ClottiinsCo 1 95 MAIN STREET EAST

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