Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York on May 3, 1897 · Page 6
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Democrat and Chronicle from Rochester, New York · Page 6

Rochester, New York
Issue Date:
Monday, May 3, 1897
Page 6
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(ROCHESTER DEMOCRAT &ND CHRONICLE. -MONDAY, MAY 3. 1897. Democrat and Chronicle Entered at the Post-Office at Rochester, N. YM as Second-Class Mail Matter. TERMS TO SUBSCRIBERS Postage or Delivery at Door Free. 1 Year. 6 Mos. 8 Mos. Dally $G.OO 3.00 f 1.50 Dally and Sunday 7.50 8.T5 1.88 Sunday 1.50 .75 .38 "Weekly 1.00 .50 W. H. MATHEWS President N. P. POND.. Sec'y and Treas. V Trustee M. H. CLAKKE I A SA.ECASTIC DEPUTY. That wm a sarcastic Greek deputy who suggested on Saturday that the princes 1h? recalled from the front, as they must be too much fatigued for service. This remark may have referred to the baste displayed in running away, or to the dispatch of Frince Constantine from Mati to the effect that Lb and Prince Nicholas were fighting in the front rank. That dispatch recalls the message of Napoleon III. announcing from one of the skirmishes on German soil that the prince imperial had experienced his baptism of fire, picking up a bullet on the field and showing a spirit that caused the soldiers to weep. The dispatch of Napoleon was dictated by fatherly pride and a desire to have the French people understand that he and his son were exposing themselves in battle. But this kind of -show soon ended. Napoleon, was unfit even to play at war with his son, and became an incubus upon the French armies. According to all accounts the Greek princes have been a sad drawback to military operations. They may not return to Athens now, but their staff of courtiers has been broken up to give place to experienced and determined men. FEKTINENT QUESTIONS. From the known facta that our civil authorities are kept busy searching for Ttrsons who are supposed to be fitting out expeditions to operate against the authority of Spain In Cuba, nd that a naval force Is constantly patrolling our coast to Intercept and capture vessels supposed to be laden with supplies for the Insurgents on the Island, certain persons believe, r affect to believe, that there Is some treaty between the United States and Spain which makes It Imperative on us to prevent such military expeditions and prohibit the exportation to Cuba of any articles of commerce Intended for the use of Cubans who may be In revolt Aagainst the Spanish government. The fact hat the customs authorities have been Instructed to demand an oath not prescribed by the statute, from captains of vessels who apply for clearances for Cuban ports, would seem to indicate that this belief Is shared even by officers of this government. There Is no such treaty. There Is only one general treaty of amity between the United States and Spain, the treaty of 1705. "What Is the occult power which has enabled Spain to make our government her ally la a war 60 barbarous against a people so long Buffering ? New York Sun. Apparently the late administration set the example and it is followed by the federal officials upon the supposition that there is law for it. It is about time to top blockade duty in Spanish interests. PKOSPECTS OF THE TAEIFF BILL. The Evening Post's Washington corre- epondent is confident that the tariff bill is to pass the senate, and mentions the White House estimate of twelve majority. In discussing the source of this majority the correspondent admits that the bill is likely to receive several Democratic and Populist votes. If Texas were properly represented, both of her senators would upport the tariff. Possibly one of them rote for it. One senator from Louisiana is likely to Tote aye when the time comes. Louisiana has suffered severely by free-trade experiments; reviving business was checked and a large outlay of capital rendered unproductive by the Wilson bilL The senators from the mountain states are for the tariff if it protects wool sufficiently. It is stated that New England is strongly urging lower duties than those proposed by the Dingley bill. Some of the manufacturers are willing to starve the farmers, and preparation has been made to cut to the last notch the wages of mill operatives. But if the farmer is not protected there will not be much use in passing a tariff bill, as the buying capacity of the country will remain low and the revenue will not materially increase. PEOGKESSIVE TAX SPOLIATION. The Evening Post gives the following exhibit of taxation of inheritances under the bill proposed by Controller Roberts and now in the hands of the governor: Kate per Eat per cent, to cent, to collateral direct heirs. heirs. ..5 0 ..5 1 ..6 1 -.7 1 ..8 1 1-2 ..9 2 . . 10 2 1-2 .. U 3 .. 12 3 1-2 ..33 4 .. 14 5 ..15 ' ..15 7 ..15 8 ..35 9 i. . 13 10 Personal estate. flO.OoO irxio.ouo (750,000 $l.OU.0K) J 1.250,000.. f l,5oO,OUO . f 1.750.000 f 2,000.01 0 . $2,250,000 f2,.rO0,0iiO $2,750,000 $3,000,000 , f3.250.OfK $3,500,000 , $3,750,000 , This would compel a son who inherited four millions to pay the neat little ransom of I4O0.0O0. a nephew $500,000. Of course, these sums could be paid without impoverishing the heirs, but the state ought not to exact them. The proposition contained in the bill shows an advance toward communistic ideas and the adoption by the state of the principle of discriminating against great fortunes. Adoption of a system of unequal taxation would be a dangerous step and it ought not to be taken, however plausible some of the arguments in its favor may be. One argument is that large fortunes, usually in personal estate, escape taxation, thus producing an inequality which would be corrected by taxing the property when inherited. But the principal argument is that the tax has been in operation in England since 1894. Controller Roberts offers this argument in an arti cle in the current Forum on the progressive Inheritance tax. GOLD, GREENBACKS AND HEVENTJE. In their remarks on gold exports and the tariff, the free-trade currency-reform organs do not always show a disposition to be candid and accurate in their statements. For instance, the New York Times says: There Is outstanding1 an Indefinite amount of government demand notes, puyuble in gold. because, however often the legal tenders may be used to draw gold from the treasury, they must by law instantly be reissued and again made available for like drafts. "e treasury can do nothing but exchange them for gold on demand and Immediately pay them out to be used again for the same purpose. These extravagant statements are based on the law which says that redeemed greenbacks shall not be destroyed, but shall be re-issued and paid out again. The law does not say, however, that they shall be "instantly" re-issued, nor does it name the consideration for which they shall be "paid out." The Times surely will not contend that they are to be flung from the treasury steps, or paid out without consideration. How, indeed, can they be reissued and kept in circulation, except in payment for re-deposits of gold which was withdrawn through their agency: .max, doubtless, was the intent of the law, and such a policy would comply strictly with the letter of the statute. The currency reformer, of course, will reply that they may be paid out for current expenses, according to the Cleveland-Carlisle plan. But this could not be done if the government were in receipt of sufficient revenue for current expenses. So the whole problem hinges on the Question of revenue. With receipts equal to expenditures, the greenbacks never did and never could act as a menace to the gold reserve. The house of representatives has done its duty in passing an adequate revenue measure. If the senate would promptly follow suit, the situation would speedily clear itself up, and proof would be given of the hollownes3 of the pretenses of the free-trade anti-greenback zealots. QUESTION OF SEAL PROTECTION. The report of the British seal expert, Professor Thompson, who inspected the rookeries on the Pribylof islands last summer with an American representative, D. II. Jordan, with a view to determining the actual condition of the 6eal herd and the annual rate of destruction, has been rendered. He found a condition of things that demands attention if the teals are to be saved from extermination. His report is softened, apparently to meet British diplomatic requirements, but is sufficient to warrant every demand made by our government for an immediate change in sealing regulations. According to latest accounts, however, Lord Salisbury has refused to permit any change. Professor Thompson says: It Is my duty to state to your lordship that there is still abundant need for care and for prudent measures of conservation In the Interests of all. A birth rate, which we estimate at 143,000 per annum. Is not great in comparison with the drain upon the stock. From one cause or another a loss of more than 20,000 is experienced among the pups ere they emigrate to sea; and though the dangers they there encounter are unknown to us, we may take it for certain that the risks they run are great, and the loss they endure considerable. When to the measured loss In Infancy, and to the unmeasured In youth and age, we add the toll taken off the Islands and the toll taken In the sea. It is not difficult to believe that the margin of safety Is a narrow one. If It be not In some measure over-stepped. We may hope for a perpetuation of the present numbers, we cannot count upon an Increase. And it is my earnest hope that a recognition of mutual interests and regard for the common advantages may suggest measures of prudence which shall keep the pursuit and slaughter of the animal within due and definite bounds. If Lord Salisbury persists in his policy, our government must wait until the five years term of the Paris regulations expire, or denounce and end the present agreement. The need of saving seal life would warrant an extreme course, were it not for the fact that protection would be more difficult than ever after the regulations are repealed. We arbitrated ourselves into a practical division of the seals with Canada, and it is difficult to escape the consequences. FINANCE AND BUSINESS. The stock .uarket opened -ast week with a rapid recovery, following rising prices in London on reports indicating an early termination of the Greco-Turkish v.rr. Subsequently there was a bearish feeling on account of gold exports, but this did not wipe out tlie early advances, and the net result of the week's trading was a somewhat higher range of prices. A,mong active stocks American Sugar showed the greatest ad ance, 1 1-8, to 113 3-4. Some of the declines were: New Jersey Central, 3 7-8, to 771-8; Western Union, 2 1-4, to 76 7-8. Most of the changes were of little consequence. Business was generally on a small scale, the total sales of stocks for the week having been only 503,052 shares. The dealings in railway and miscellaneous bonds were small, but there was a slight gain in the average of prices. Government bonds touched a fractionally lower level. Saturday's statement of the New York banks is thus summarized by the Mail and Express: "The statement issued from the clearing house to-day was somewhat of a surprise, as it failed to indicate in the slightest degree the important movements of currency and gold during the week. The banks furnished $150,000 of the gold exported, and yet the exhibit shows an increase in specie of $256,700. The most remarkable feature of the state ment, however, was a decrease of only $77,200 in legal tenders. With the ex ception of the small amount of gold noted above, the shipments came out of the treasury vaults and the city institutions supplied the large sum of legal tenders re quired to obtain this gold. The banks were also called upon liberally for funds to pay customs duties. There was con siderable influx of currency from the in terior, but the gain to the banks from this source was much, more than: offset by treasury absorptions. The only explanation that can be offered for tht small loss of legal tenders is that the withdrawals to secure gold counted for only part of the time in the averages and will appear more fully in next week's statement. An in-ciease in loans of $984,500 probably represents borrowings by importers. The gain of $2,079,100 in deposits was larger than that called for under the circumstances. Circulation decreased $370,100. The reserve fell off $340,275, bat the banks still hold $48,906,623 in excess of legal re-quiremeuts." Exports of gold from New York for the week ending Saturday, as officially reported at the custom house, were $6,533,822, of which $3,329,660 was in bars, $3,203,631 in United States coin, and the balance foreign coin. Of these shipments, the custom house reports $979,660 consigned to London, $1,500,000 to Hamburg, and $4,-037,331 to Harve. . Exports of silver $970,- 410, practically all to London. Since January 1, gold $7,634,958; silver, $18,021,-271, against $18,137,358 gold and $18,-071,450 silver for the same period in 1S96. Imports of gold were $174,976, chiefly foreign coin from Liverpool and gold bullion from Vancouver, of silver $29,434. Since January 1, gold $1,389,230; silver $308,533, against $18,962,726 gold and $S51,002 silver for the same time last year. The Evening Post says of the money market: Time money during the week has shown no change from recent conditions, and great ease Is still the prominent characteristic of the market. Under ordinary circumstances, the gold shipments would doubtless have a sentimental effect resulting iu curtailment of the output of loans: but with such a bank surplus as now exists, and with a limited demand as well, no effect is discernible on amount or rnfA Rutps 2 vcr cent, for thirty to sixty days. 2 1-2 for ninety days to four months, 3 per cent, for five to six months. Mercantile pater has not been active this week, although towards the close a slight Improvement, both In the amount offered and In the demand as well, is noted. Rates 3 1-per cent, for sixty to ninety days Indorsed bills receivable. 3 3-4Q4 for choice single names. 4fi5 for single names less well known. The receipts of the government Saturday were: Customs, $2,959,898; internal revenue, $417,807, and miscellaneous, $10,-223, a total of $3,387,930. The disbursements were $2,646,000, an excess of receipts over expenditures of $741,930. The receipts of the fiscal year to date have been $2S3.9S5,116, and disbursements $316,409,8S3, an excess of expenditures over receipts of $33,424,766. The' gold reserve in the national treasury is $153,-340.S90, a decrease of $1,911,S63 for the week. Wheat has had a sharp downward reaction from the recent speculative advance. More favorable crop news and a better outlook for peace in Europe were factors in bringing about the decline. Following are the changes for the week and Saturday's closing prices in Chicago for this aud other commodities: May wheat declined 5 5-S, to 71 1-4; July wheat declined 6 1-S, to 70 5-8; September wheat declined 7, to 66 7-8; com decline! 1-2, to 23 7-8 for May and 25 for Julj; oats declined 1 1-2, to 16 5-8 for May and 17 5-8 for July; May pork declined 12 cents, to $8.47; July pork declined 7 cents, to $8.60; May lard declined 7 cents to $4.10; July lard declined 10 cents, to $4.17. Exports of wheat, including flour as wheat, from the United States, both coasts, for the week ending April 29, according to Bradstreet's, were equivalent to 1,155,SS6 bushels, against 1,654,668 bushels the preceding week and 1,200,-494 bushels for the same week last year. Exports of corn were 3,657,405 bushels, as compared with 4,769,315 bushels the preceding week, and 2,142,595 bushels a year ago. Since July 1 the aggregate exports of wheat and flour were equivalent to 127,-299,176 bushels, against 105,359,018 bushels same period Jast year, and of corn 140,906,S19 bushels, as compared with 79,-731.6S3 bushels one year ago. Cotton prices have advanced about 1-4 of a cent per pound, on a strong statistical position and good foreign buying, although the demand by domestic spinners has not been large. The wool trade has ruled quiet, which is not surprising after the recent enormous imports. The trade in cotton goods has developed a little more activity, but woolen manufacturers report a quiet business. There is an increased demand for boots and shoes. Buyers are seeking concessions in prices, and occasionally get them; but as a rule factorymen adhere to prices previously demanded. New business in iron and steel products continues unsatisfactory. Buyers are extremely conservative; and while values in many departments are already so low that sellers are becoming more indifferent, the general position of the market continues weak and unsettled. General business is reported quiet, except that in New York city retail trade was very lively on account of the crowds attracted by the Grant exercises. Bank clearings in eighty-seven cities last week, according to Bradstreet's reports, amounted to only $S53,OjO,0u0, a falling off of 8 per cent, compared with the previous week. The decrease compared with the closing week of April, 1896, is 13 per cent., and contrasted with the like period in 1895, 22 per cent. Even when compared with the corresponding week in 1S94, at a time when general trade was greatly depressed, last week's clearing3 show a decline of 10 per cent. Compared with the like week in 1893; four years ago, the falling off is nearly 21 per cent. Rev. Dr. Rainsford, once regarded as a type of level-headedness, seems to be rapidly developing into a populistic crank. Possibly the gold exports are to pay those foreign opera 6ingers who hae been warbling in this country at fancy prices. Ralli is Greece's great man just at present. But the first disxster to Greek arms will make him as unpopular as the king is now. The United States senate is both deliberative and deliberate too much, so for the welfare of home industries and the rational treasury. One is constantly reminded of Captain of the testimony taken during the Romeyn eouxt-martial at t ort jUci'uerson. Ex-Fresident Cleveland having de- perfidy and dishonor, it does not seem 1 exactly consistent for him to denounce the Republicans for trying to get rid of it. The Dudley bill for a graduated tax on inheritances is one of those attempts to lay a special burden on a special class, merely because it happens to be rich and helpless, that amount to confiscation and result in impoverishing instead of enriching the state. Last year the makers of bonfires burned 8,054 square yards of asphalt pavement iu New York city. We believe that citizens of Rochester know better than to build fires on valuable pavements. But there is need here of enforcing the ordinance agsinst burning leaves and rubbish in all streets, whether paved or not. The craze for speculation in African mining shares has had the expected result. Figures published by the Loudon Economist show that a group of forty of these stocks, which a year ago represented a speculative value of f 121,000,000, now have an aggregate market price of only $42,000,000. This decline of nearly two-thirds indicates that a multitude of people have thrown their money away, while a favored few nave picked it up. England is a great field for the lanb-shearing business. We will be glad to see a civil action for damages begun against the city on behalf of some victim of the mismaragement of the truant school. The Dublie is entitled irk lr n rvrr tha truth about Rochester's Dotheboy's hall, and there seems little likelihood that the truth will ever come out until it is forced out in court. American fishermen are still treated as pirates in Canadian wate.-s. The supreme court at Ottawa has just decided that a Gloucester fishing schooner, carried within the three-mile limit by stress of weather, was fishing there, although the fish on bcaid were caught before the storm. Canadians are not likely to receive much consideration from congress or the American people so long as our fishermen are oppressed and our seals are stolen. The Dingley tariff bill contained a clause or exception which preserved the reciprocity treaty with Hawaii. But since the bill was published there has been some discussion about the abrogation of the treaty. Senator Frye, of the committee on foreign relations, says that the treaty will not be abrogated. Discussion of the subject may bring up the question of annexation in a way to prepare for a joint resolution on the subject. Delay in this matter would be bad policy. The Canadian supreme court has decided that anyone who loaves Canada to got a divorce in the United States, marries and returns' to Canada, is liable to prosecution in the Dominion for bigamy. This decision will add a new cause to those already operating to depopulate Canada. Those who come to the United States for divorce and marriage will have reason to remain. The granting of divorces in Canada is in the hands f parliament, and the delays naturally drive people to the States. The Pennsylvania state troops have no drers uniforms and appeared in the Grant memorial parade the other day in severely plain service rig. The contrast between the business-like appearance of the Tennsylvaniaus and the more ornamental effect of the troops of other states moved Governor Hastings to eagerness that Pennsylvania should copy other states 'n the matter of dress uniforms. Mont other people who noticed this contrast seem to think that the other states would do well to follow the example of Pennsylvania. Another European conference is now under discussion. The Tirk has long disregarded the reports alut European conference to regulate him, anil the Greeks have little reason zo fear, althourh Greece is more vulnerable than Turkey. So far, the only effect of Eurotenn concert is the block a le of Crete, and the reduction of thousands in that island to a state of starvation. By her vigorous action Greece has drawn the attention of the Turk from the policy of murdering Armcmaus, something the powers were unable to accomplish. Still they are said to he talking of restoring the Greek frontiers and nsssing a war indemnity upon the Greek ieop!e. It has N-en suggested that the Greek fleet 1 turned over to Turkey ns secjrity. Such a proposition is calculated to rouse the Greeks to a supreme effort. Perhaps the Greeks will be able to pop? terms of their own at no distant date. CIIKONICLINGS. In the Letter-Box department of the last number of the Bookman the Chronicler finds noted an epistle that would furnish an xcclletit theme for a Chronicling, if only one could be sure of its authenticity. This epistle, the Bookman alleges, was written by a Syracuse woman. It refers to a remark of the Bo.kman to the effect that "unmixed Savon is goad enough for Gurth and Wamba" and asks "who Gurth and Wamh arc." The Bookrmin seizes the occasion to advise its correspondent very propel ly, "to take six months or a year off for the exclusive perusal of Walter Scott." 'Hie Chronicler could find much to say about a woman belonging to the class that leads the Bookman, who hus never read "Ivanhoe," did he fully llieve in the existence of that woman. But he doesn't. He cannot rid himself of the suspicion that the Syracuse woman and her letter were invented by the Bookman to serve a deep purpose. These are the grounds of his suspicion: It will be remembered that in its Aprjl rtnmhnr ha Bookman referred to "Lady Dedlock's quondam lover" as being the person who in "Bleak House" spontaneously combusts. The slip was funny, but busy writers often make and busy proof-readers often mifw slips quite as funny. So this blunder furnished no basis for a theory that the Bookman mi?rht do well "to take six months or a year off for the exclusive perusal of Charles Dickens." But on the blunder, plus evidence that the Bookman is very much worried over it, euch a theory may well be founded. Such evidence is plentifully furnished by the Letter-Box department of the Bookman for May. The longest section of it, section VIII, is devoted to an elaborate apology for this blunder, in which the Bookman labors heavily to treat it lightly, is most scrupulously careful to appear careless, most sadly absorbed in .iffecting amusement, nost sedulous not to admit, by direct insistence, that the break was a mere slip of the pen, thut it has ever occurred to the Bookman that anybody could for an instant suppose that the Bookman was not entirely familiar with every line of "Bleak House," and quite mcapable of confusing "Lady Dedlock's quondam lover," who did not "perish by spontaneous combustion," with the old junkman -vho did so perish. One cannot help suspecting that if this blunder were really a mere, ordinary, every -day slip, the Bookman wouldn't have made so much fuss over it. But that is not the point the Chronicler is trying to enforce. What he has been driving at is this: Section VIII shows plainly that the mind of the "Letter-Box editor" -t the Bookman must have been full of the "Bleak House" jlunder when he r-as preparing for publication the Letter-Box department for the May number. So we have the right, indeed we are compelled, to regard the whole department and every part of it in. the light of our recognition of this preoccupation. It is when the alleged letter of the alleged Syracuse woman is viewed in thTs light that it seems to be of doubtful authenticity. Misery loves company, and ."ne apology for its ignorance of Dickens that the Bookman must have been tempted to put fore-ward was, doubtless, to this effect: "Oh, there are others," or, less colloquially, "After all, the Bookman, in the matter of discreditable anfamiliarity with standard English fiction, is no wor?e than a good many of its neghbors." But the Bookman had the good sense to perceive that coming from "A Literary Journal" with "I am a bookman" on its front cover, this plea, directly made, would be absurdly feeble. But it might well be delicately and indirectly suggested by printing, apparently apropos of nothing, an illustration of some neighbor's dense ignorance of some well-known standard English novel. (Not by Dickens, of course; that would be too obvious.) In the absence of a genuine ilhistration, exactly suited for the Bookman's purpose, the temptation to invent one would be immensely strong. Of course some Syracuse woman may have furnished such an illustration as the Bookman wanted 'in the very nick of time for the Bookman's need. But these happy coincidences are rare in real life. The Chronicler finds further ground for his deep suspicion of the authenticity of this ostensibly Syracusan epistle in the fact that in the paragraph immediately following that in which the Letter-Box man deals with his alleged correspondent who wants to know who Gurth and Wamba are, he eagerly teizes, or makes, an occasion to protest, earnestly and vigorously, though with affected lightness, against a suggestion, probably suppositious, that letters published in the Letter Box may sometimes be written by the editors and not actually sent to the Letter Box. This smacks strongly of the guilty conscience that invents accusers. Moreover it is noticeable that, throughout this paragraph, its writer most ingeniously avoids committing himself to a flat denial of the accusation1. He does not once say flatly "The letters published in th Letter Box are all actually sent to me and are not written by the editors." He adopts the prevaricator's common devices "The question is too absurd to be seriously answered," "Can any reasonable human being actually snppose that I would be guilty of such folly?" and so on. He exclaims with fine scorn, "Imagine lis sitting down and solemnly writing critical letters to ourselves, and then, after thinking over their contents, sanicntly composing the replies!" Well, why not? This editorial performance is not quite as unimaginable, by even a very ordinary imagination, as the Bookman would have its innocent readers believe. The Chroni-!"r has proved that he is easily able to more than imagine, as to the Letter-Box man, his Syracuse woman's letter and, ck- hi. tfcrantoa man's letter, just what the Letter-Box man defies any-txxly to imagine. The Bookman ha succeeded in giving its significant "Bleak I louse" slip nr.v nnd dire significance in the Chronicler's mind. Which announcement will, of course, rause the Bookman to feci that life is no longer worth living. c;entxe spuing. Two new moons this month, and no end of upoonu. Hoston Herald. The wind has been assisting materially In the- present annual movement of things. Chicago Tribune. The prW of co! n reduced 50 cents a ton Just as everybody ia beginning to buy ice ! Bwtn Globe. Th local climatic nharp hag been handing out a sort of mint Julep brand of weather the pflt three days. Philadelphia Press. " House-cleaning Is not no bad. after all." " Why hm't It V " Well, we get tr "end the bnliy to Its grandmothers then for weeks at a time." Chicago Record. At all events the Queen of the May did not have to come In wearing a sealskin roat. This Is a definite assurance that spring has sprung. New York Mall and KxpresH. The shirt-waist girl with the frizz Iron curl and the straw hat weird and queer, now walks the street with a smile that's sweet, and her necktie under her ear. New York Press. Tt Is pleasant to welcome May, but May Hay has scarcely been one to tempt May par-tleH and May queens Into the wonl-whpre there are any woods left in existence. Scran-ton Truth. The tramp Is here In all Ms beauteous spring-time verdure, but the organ grinder hi not Khcwn up yet. When he comes It will be safe to bet that spring has come to stay. Parkersburg Sentinel. That most persistent and' enterprising of summer pests, the busily idle housefly, has already made his appearance. Like the buttercups and daisies, he cometh In the springtime to tell of summer hours, but he Isn't on that account any more popular, and most folks prefer the heralds In the field to this herald In the house. Shoo, fly ! Brooklyn Standard-Union. GHEEK AND TUIJK. The preservation of the "Integrity" of the Turkish empire would seem to be analogous to salting down a bad egg. St. Taul Pioneer-Press. Julian Ralph cables that there, are two sides to the war In Thessaly, but he neglects to state to a feverish, anxious public which side is which. Chicago News. If the Greeks would shake the Clack Crook costume and get Into pants they would find taeinselves better able to take advantage of all the Issues of war. Buffalo Record. The " powers ay they cannot Interfere In tho war between Turkey and Greece under present conditions. Why call them powers ? Why not Impotencles ? New York Evening World The plain truth. Is that neither Turkey nor Greece could maintain a war for any considerable time. Their credit Is entirely exhausted, and the chances are that peace win rte coerced in the Interest of European creditors, eo that they may save something out of the general wreck of Turkish and Grecian securities. Philadelphia Times. We notice Greek merchants resident In this part of the world are subscribing money largely to the cause of fatherland. They could not do anything so valuable with their money as to cable to the Greek government what General Lewl Wallace says about the ease with which the Greek fleet could force the Dardanelles and knock the sultan out of Constantinople. Brooklyn Standard-Union. Again has General Smolenskl held the Turks at bay and shown the qualities of great commander. Ho saya the. morale of the Greek troops Is good and that Pharsala can be successfully defended. The troops intended for Eplrus will b sent to Pharsala and every effort mada to hold out against the Turk there and at Volo. where the Greek war vessels will aid In the desperate fight expected there. Buffalo News. While the fellows at Athena are doing their level best to destroy Greek prestige. General Smolentz and his army are striking hard blows against the Turks and saying nothing. It was always thus. The fellows that squeal loudest In a tight place have little fight in them. If the grim, silent, good, old-fashioned Greeks under Smolentz will thrash the Turks at Velestlna or Pharsala, or at any point on that line that suits them, all will be forgiven. It would be just like old-fashioned Greeks to do it. Chicago Inter-Ocean. MEN TALKED ABOUT. Mayor I. V. Williams, of Oaksdale, Wash., has resigned his office rather than sign an ordinance condemning a man to Jail for neglecting to license his dog. The mayor, who has served for two or three year3, considers It cruel and unjust to confine a man if he has no money to pay a dog tax. King George of Greece knows what he Is about and can say a clever thing on occasion. When one of the ambassadors of the powers tried to dissuade him from his course, telling him he had not the power to carry out his plans, he answered: " J'al puissance de l'lm-puissance des puissances." " I have the power of the incapacity of the powers." The Bayards will assist at another public function before their departure from England, May 8. Thursday, May 6, Mr. Bayard will lay the foundation stone of a home for epileptics at Chalfont St. Peter's, In Buckinghamshire. This home, which Mr. Bayard will christen the "Victoria Home," is a colony for epileptics, the gift of Mr. Tass-more Edwards. Matthew Arnold's Olympian manners are said to have excited amused comment even at Oxford. In the most patronizing way he would generally end an argument by: "Yes, yes, nxy good fellow! you are quite right, but you see my view of the matter Is different and I have little doubt It Is the true one." This went so far that even the simplest facts failed to produce any impression on him. Dt. Edward Eggleston, whose "Hoosier Schoolmaster" first put Indiana into literature, has been visiting Indiana again. To an Indianapolis reporter he said that though his return to old scenes had caused him to write again concerning them, he really Intended to devote the rest of his life writing a history of American life in the seventeenth century. He also expressed a wish to write the story of the Mississippi valley. Next to Booker T. Washington, probably no colored man In all the South has done more In, the last few years toward the elevation of hlR race In that section than Dr. W. R. Pettiford, of Alabama. Dr. Pettiford enjoys the respect of the leading white people of his state, as well as the esteem of his own race. He Is at present the president of the only colored bank In Alabama. Tie is a fine specimen of the best type of the Southern negro. The Duke of Leeds, who. It Is said, will succeed Lord Aberdeen as governor-general of Ccnada In June, when he was in parliament as the Marquis of Carmarthen was the youngest member In the commons and the youngest-looking until he grew a beard. It is told of him that on the day of his election some one asked him: "Say, boy, does your mother know you're out?" "Yes," promptly replied the youthful politician, "and when the votes are counted to-night she will know I am In." Since Leo XIII. has filled the chair of St. Peter, he has repressed the humorous side of his nature, which made him greatly In demand as a diner out while filling the office of nc.neio at Brussels. Always severe In matters of propriety, he was deeply offended on one of these occasions by a baron who passed him a snuff box on the lid of which was enameled a feminine figure en deshabille. Admirably controlling his annoyance, his future holiness replied: "Very pretty. Is It your wife?" LAUGHS BY THE WAY. nenpeck Is this the office of Qulgley's Quick Cure? Tatent Medicine Man Yes. "Gimme six bottles for my wife." "Tried all other remedies without success, eh?" "No she ain't sick at all; but I saw In your advertisement where a woman wrote after taking six bottles, 'I'm a different woman,' and I have hopes." London Tit-Bits. "John." said a Somervllle mother to her 3-yenr-old bor, "how do you ever manage to wear such big holes la the knees of your stocklups?" "I don't know, mamma," John answered thoughtfully; "maybe I do It when I say my prayers. SomervUle Journal. Master Who can tell me what useful article we get from the whale? Johnny Whalebone. Master Right. Now, what little boy or girl knows what we get from the sea? Tommy Sealing wax. London Tit-Bits. " I wouldn't marry you If you had three times the wealth of my father." she said. " I presume you know." he replied with dignity, " that If I had that much money there would be no necessity for me to marry." Philadelphia North American. Cashier at Bank Y'ou will have to bring some one to identify you before we can cash this draft. Got any friends In the town 1 Stranger No; I'm the dog-license man. Golden Penny. Jack I find when one Is In a regular bad temper there's nothing like a smoke. Flo Ah, I've noticed thst you always have a pipe In your mouth. Pick-Me-Up. The Strike That Lifted Him. Cleveland Leader. " And. by the way. whatever became of Tom Withington. There was a fellow that they used to say would be sure to make his way upward." " Well, he did. ne made a strike that lifted him above and beyond any of the rest of us." " Indeed ! How was It 7" " Lit a match while hunting for a leak In a gas pipe." An Improved Version. Chicago Record. " Any new features In Uncle Tom's Cab-In ' this year ?" " Yes; Eliza gets away from the bloodhounds In an alr-shlp." Where Ignorance is Bliss. New York Jouri al. " He says he's as happy as a clam." " But a clam Is rot happy." " That may be, but the clam does not know It." A Trifling: Explanation. St. Louis Globe-Democrat. In the Philippine Islands 25,000 Insurgents are intrenched In the mountains. With this exception the Spanish, regard the pacification as complete. Much in Little Is especially true of Hood's Tills, for no medicine ever contained so great curative power In so small space. They are a whole medicine chest, always ready, always efficient, always satisfactory; prevent a cold or fever, cure all liver ills, Pills sick headache, jaundice, constipation, etc. 2te. The only Pills to take with Hood's SarsaoarllU. Charter for Second-Class Cities, New York Times. The passage at the very end of the session of the legislature of the uniform charter for seccnd-class cities was almost an accident The bill had been through the senate and was pending in the assembly with no expectation that It would pass, when a sudden pressure from the outside carried it through. This 1 said to have come chiefly from Superintendent Aldridge. who had been anxious for the adop-tion of the revised charter for Rochester which was pending with no chance of passage In the closing days of the session. But whoever was instrumental In securing the final passfge of the bill, and whatever the motive for suddenly pushing it through. It was a fortunate achievement. If the bill becomes a law, as is probable, it Is not likely to be repealed hereafter. It may be modified, but a uniform charter for several cities is much less likely to be tinkered than the special charter of one. It was to reduce as much as possible special legislation affecting the government of cities that the classification was made in the revised constitution, and this Is the first attempt to carry out its intention. Senator Deboe. Chicago Tribune. The Republican speaker-elect from Ken-tucky. Deboe. in an Interview the day he was elected, thus defined his political creed and position: " I favor a Republican policy in accord with the St. Louis platform. " I am for sound money, n protective tariff, for the arbitration treaty, against trusts and combines where formed to interfere with rights of citizens, and for such laws as will best serve to build up American Institutions. "I am In thorough accord with the Republican administration, and will act with my party on such matters of legislation as are now before the people In tho framing of a tariff bill and other measures. " I deem it for the best interests of the American people to pass a tariff bill Immediately, nnd to maintain a stable gold standard, and shall support proper legislation working to these ends. I am a Republican after the Blaine and McKinley style." It is clear that the new speaker is a stalwart Republican. " two yards wide and all wool." Reflections of a Bachelor. New Y'oik Press. The best thing about some men Is the stories their wives tell. No man of good character wants to thoroughly understand two women. When it's himself, a man says he has accepted a position; when it's about another man. he says he's found a job. After a woman has heard hard stories about a man she always wonders how he can go around to without a look of shame on hit face. There are two kinds of women those that think it is nicer to kiss a lot of men once, and those that think it Is nicer to kiss one man lots of times. When a woman tells a story to company about a man whose hand trembled and he ge-gan to cry, she generally says It quivered like an aspen leaf and his eyes grew moist. Pass It. Washington Post. The Nelson bankruptcy bill, having passed the senate. Is now a legitimate as it is a pressing question before the house. There are many reasons why It should receive consideration. It does not appropriate money. It I strictly non-partisan In Its purposes and inspiration. It contemplates a result of universal value and importance. It can be acted on without raising the question of the appointment of any committee, and, therefore, without broaching the smallest issue of house discipline. The country wants a bankruptcy law. Every lawful and substantial Interest would be promoted by the enaction of one. Facts Cleveland Might Study. Brooklyn Eagle. The country Is not going to feel miserable forever because a few politicians are unwell. The farmer, the wage earner and the manufacturer are not going forever to pout because a lot of zealots or demagogues are Inclined to weep. A Possible Explanation. Denver Tost. A correspondent says that any unusual odT makes General Weyler almost deathly sick. Perhaps that Is why he so studiously avoids the smell of gunpowder. WEAK,, WHAT IT MEANS. ro yon suffer from It T Do you know Its cause f It generally means a jrreat deal, and should not be neglected. Planters and medicines hardly ever cure tt, but electricity, properly applied, is positive remedy, as our thousands cures in this city testify. I have Just Issued a neat little book which e1 sufferer from Lame Back should read. It explains the many causes and effects of this annoying weakness, and a rational, positive cur by my wonderful Electric Belt. For WEAK MEN This belt Is arranged with my pat-nt Electric Suspensory, which Is fullf explained In the new book, "Three Classes of Men." Free by mall. Address . DR. SANDEN. 823 BROADWAY. N. TRY GRAIN-fl! TRY GH1IN-0! Ask your Grocer to-ay to sbow.y?"nS package of GKAIN-O. the new food dn that take, the place of coffee. The childre n ay drink it witnout injury as well " ndult. All who try it, like it. .j? has that rich seal brown of Mocha or Java, but It Is made from pure grains, and tnw most delicate stomach receives t without m-tress 1-4 the price of coffee. 15c and .Sets per package. Sold by all grocers. LADIES Do Ton Know DR. FELIX LE BRUN 3 Steel Pennyroyal Pill are the original and only FRENCH. 6ate and reliable cure on ;i ket. Price. J1.00; sent by mall, (eaulna sold onlr bv nmto x Rochester, N. T. frlilmnt some If oatmeal ,0VRST is worth cat- cM ing it is worth SCoJr? catingf so as to get !vuffl? . the best there is in it. H-O 1sva (pjLf is the one oat- a W$ ftj meal prepared Vl y jyf for easy diges- l

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