Albany Democrat-Herald from Albany, Oregon on May 19, 1936 · Page 3
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May 19, 1936

Albany Democrat-Herald from Albany, Oregon · Page 3

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Tuesday, May 19, 1936
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THE ALBANY DEMOCRAT-HERALD, ALBANY, OREGON PAGE THREE and The Farmer-An Agricultural Page Issued Ever; Week by the Albany 'Democrat- Herald I svs" ftunn ; ncri'iiUural new i Wdtlng. ju . . b - tVHlHnu'rto Vllf TUESDAY, MAY 19, 1936 The World j - 'Dust Bowl' Gets' a Great Soaking and Likes It COOPERATIVES WINTER WHEAT TO BRING ESTIMATE OF $270,000,000 $20,000 GRANTED FOR RESEARCH ON PANTOTHENIC ACID FARM DEBTS ADJUSTMENT PROGRESSING MORE FARMS WITHIN SCOPE OF NEW ACT "" I A flood hailed as a blessing instead of a disaster was this one from the Arkansas river that poured over thousands of parched acres In the. heart of the "dusf bowl," near Las Animas, Colo. Heavy 1 rains and late snows sent high water surging over parts of Colorado and Kansas and brought relief to four other states In the southwest. A week before, every breeze stirred up choking clouds of 'dust where -the water now is shown inundating this farm. Soil Building Practices of New Program Expected to Encourage Better Farming Fruit growers, dairymen and poultrymen have come m for special attention in connection with the new agricultural act, according to word from the regional and national AAA headquarters received by the state college extension service. The recently appointed state committee of four farmers is still awaiting definite rulings on county and state production factors, details of soil building practices and their rates per acre of class II payments and similar specific information. In a general way, however, it appears certain that more types of farming can come under the benefits of the act than at first appeared probable. A late official news release from Triple A headquarters states that land devoted to orchards, vineyards, small fruits and nut trees regardless of age will be classified as soil depicting or soil conserving, according to the extent it is interplanted. Clean cultivated fruit land is still included in the neutral classification. If an orchardist changes from clean cultivation to some soil building practice, he can qualify for class II payments. If soil depleting crops were formerly interplanted, ho may qualify for class I payments by changing, to soil conserving inter-crops, of other requirements as to total acreage of soil conserving crops are met. Indications are, also, that approved programs of improved dairy pastures will be included in the soil building practices, while poultrymen are being encouraged to study the provisions of the act to see if they cannot profit ably obtain help in establishing or improving ranges essential to rearing healthy pullets. It is believed that some poultry men will find it to their advantage to grow fewer acres of grain or other soil depleting crops and in crease plantings of soil conserving crops which will provide better rearing conditions for their young stock N. E. Dodd of Haines has been chosen chairman of the state committee of four farmers which will head the program in Oregon. William J. Enscnede of Hillsboro is vice-chairman. Other members are Will Steen of Milton and John Shepherd of Scio. KOAC Radio Program Tuesday, May 19 5:00, On the Campuses; 5:30. music; 5:45, Vespers Led by Rev, J. Lacklen; 6:00, Dinner Concert; 6:30, Farm Hour 6:30, The Ag Corvallis. What is believed to be the larest single pure science research project ever conducted in Oregon higher education institutions will be started at Oregon State college July 1 as the result of a $20,000 grant just approved by ine KocKeieuer f oundation for three years' investigation of pantothenic acid. This new substance was discov ered some years ago by Dr. Roger J. Williams, professor of organic chemistry at O. S. C, who will be in charge of tho new research program. Pantothenic acid is found universally in all plant and animal cells and appears to be both a stimulator and regulator of cell growth. When diluted as much as the proportion of one drop of the pure substance to 50 tons of culture solution, it has stimulated growth in lower organisms. When diluted one-fifth as much, It has stimulated the growth of alfalfa seedlings. Because early study has shown the acid to have a marked effect on growth processes of both normal and abnormal cells, a possible connection between it and fundamental study of cancer is foreseen. Tho project has the hearty endorsement of Chancellor F. M. Hunter and President George W. Peavy, who assisted in making arrangements for the necessary cooperation of tho institution in this major undertaking. , APRIL WEATHER AIDS FIELD AND PASTURE GROWTH Salem, Oregon., May 19. Favorable April temperatures brought Oregon field and pasture crops along rapidly, although not quite making up for their retarded growth previous to April 1,, Apri-cultural statisticians of the U. S. department of agriculture reported. The condition of crops generally was somewhat below average on May 1. Pullets and hens were producing unusually well, with 65.7 per cent reported laying in Oregon. Milk production broke all records since 1931, with an average of 19 pounds per cow on May 1. Carryover of hay was 109,000 tons in Oregon, considerably lower than the average stocks on May 1, the . department's experts estimated. A survey reported considerable winter damage to early fruits, but no estimate could be made this early on conditions of late fruits. Although blossoming of all kinds of late fruit was heavy, many of the fruit spurs producing normal blossoms were described as dried up and shrivelled and dead at tho base, therefore unable to develop. SHIPS TO CARRY VETERANS Ottawa, Ont. Fivo ships will be. pressed into service to carry Canada's delegation of pilgrims to Vimy Ridge for the unveiling of the Canadian war Memorial there In July. It is expected nearly 0,000 ex-soldiers and their relatives wllLi make tho pilgrim-nge, Turkey Feeds Complete Line of AI.HERS PROVEN FEEDS Heller Feeds Belter Service A specialist always at hand to help you with your problems. We will finance you from Poult to Marketing Period. Come in for Bulletins . and talk it over. and Oil) EXEMPT FROM JOB INSURANCE Salem, Ore., May 19. Cooperative fruit and nut associations are exempt from provisions of the state's new unemployment compensation law, Attorney-General' Van Winkle ruled. "It is my opinion that' persons, corporations and cooperative associations employing labor in growing, harvesting, packing and otherwise handling agricultural products, including fruits and nuts, aro entitled to exemption to the extent that such employment is part of or incidental to the growing or harvesting of such products," Van Winkle said; "If the grading, packing and other work done after harvesting and in preparation for or In' connection with the marketings- of said products is done by or for the growers individually, on' the farm where such- products are produced, labor so employed also comes within the exemption, but when such products are no long er in the possession of the individual growers but- are turned over to another person or corporation, or to a cooperative association for grading, packing, marketing, etc., labor employed in such: operations does not- come within the classification 'agricultural labor' as used in the law. i "Although non-profit cooperative associations may be com-' posed solely of growers of agricultural products, and such associations may be organized for the solo purpose of grading, packing; storing and' marketing the- agricultural products of the persons composing such an association; they arc separate and. distinct legal entities, and labor employed by them in preparing agricultural products for market on a cooperative pasis is not within the classification of 'agricultural labor,' because not so employed as a part of farming or agricultural operations." VOTING RIDDLE EXPLAINED- Haiwatha, Kas. The riddle: Why does H. L. William, who voted the last' election and still litrne In 4hf RfltTIf hoURA haV8 tO register again Ho moved his house to another street auaress. , VISITS AT CRABTREE ' Mrs. Edith Newberry, of Los-Angeles, is visiting at the home other brother, J. H. Blakely, near, Crabtree We are Always in the Market for EGGS, LIVE POULTRY, TURKEYS Highest Cash Prices Paid Northwesf Poultry & Dairy '" Products-Co; "'"' 324 West First St. Phone' 49 Geared , to the Ground like a locomotive. The track links form- smooth, hard double rails. (With surfaces heat-treated to defy wear . . . and cores toughened to absorb shock! ) The track shoes aro the ties, providing big areas of ground contact to distribute the "Caterpillar" Tractor's weight and prevent skidding or sinking down. Each shoe has a wide grouser .... the TWENTY-TWO, for example, keeps 18 grousers (9 on each track) gripping the soil and bracing its pull . . . The large long-lasting, heat-treated steel sprockets are the drivers . . . and their strong teeth keep In constant, positive mesh with the tracks. Flanged steel rollers (with drop-forged, heat-treated- steel rims) carry the "Caterpillar" Tractor's weight on the rails .... mighty little power is needed for this tractor to pro pel itself! ., . a. . Hill & Co. Halsey Fisher Imp. Co. Albany : M Washington, May 19. Prelim inary estimates today indicated that American farmers will derive approximately $270,000,000 from the 1935-1936 winter wheat crop. The estimates were based on the agriculture department's crop re. porting board forecast of a winter wheat crop of 463,708,000 bushels, and on the current price of 84 'A cents for September wheat on the Chicago Board of Trade. In making allowances for out side factors which enter into the compiling of cash income figures, it was noted that approximately 1OS.UU0.UU0 bushels of wheat both spring and winter is held off the market each year. Of this. 80.000. 000 bushels is used for peed. 60.- 000,000 for feed, and 15,000.000 for consumption b the fanner himself. The winter wheat crop usually is about twice as large as the spring wheat crop, hence the amount of winter wheat which reasonably could be expected to be held off the market, for seed. feed, and home consumption, would be approximately 100,000,-000 bushels. Thus, approximately 363,708,000 bushels of the winter wheat crop may be expected to find its way into regular markets. Government reports showed, in past years, the average differential between farm and market prices for winter wheat has been about 1 1 cents per bushel, representing the cost of transportation, broker age fees, and similar items. Thus it would appear that, according to current prices, the farmer should receive about 73'i cents for his winter wheat crop. The $270,000,000 figure is ar rived at by assuming the nation's farmers will sell 363,708.000 bush els for 73 cents per bushel. OREGON RANGES AND LIVESTOCK ABOVE AVERAGE Salem, Ore., May 19. Oregon ranges and livestock were well above the average for 17 western states as shown by the monthly bulletin of the U. S. department of agriculture. Ranges were 93 per cent of normal for May, an improvement from 86 per cent normal a year ago at this time. The condition of cattle and sheep was 89 per cent normal up from 83 and 84 percent respectively last year. Range and pasture feeds were generally improved by moisture during April, according to the department's experts. There is am ple moisture for summer feeds and mountain ranges will be good throughout Oregon. Winter losses of sheep and cattle due to cold weather have been slight, although in some isolated Oregon points, freezing temperatures were hard on livestock. FERTILIZE WILD HAY LAND Lakeview. Approximately 3 square rods of wild meadow hay land on the Ned Sherlock ranch, East Side, were recently treated with sulphur, calcium nitrate and muriate of potash, to determine if these materials would induce any increase in the growth of wild hay, according to County Agent Victor W. Johnson. The material was broadcast. . Austria's 'Baby' Tanks Baptized Significant of growing Austrian tension, created by displays of German military strength on the border and the shadow of a Nazi "putsch." are maneuvers such as this, in which three of Austria's new baby tanks ford the Leitha river near , Vienna. A unit of these tiny tanks is ... . . l BOMBS RETARD FIRE IN FORESTS Washington. A program, featuring tho use of airplanes and tho development of new ground equipment, will be launched by tho forest service of the agricultural department, Roy Hcadley, chief of the fire control division, announces. Headley, after his 'return from a fire control meeting at Spokane, said that 'a' real fire control which is opening up an entirely new field of forest fire combat', is perhaps the most important effort in combating the menace of fires.'1 The division, he said, is planning to experiment further "to find out how far we can go in using planes In combatting fires." Pioneer work in this field has been done by forest service officials, he said, und the next step will bo experimenting in dropping water or chemicals direct on small files to retard their progress. "Merely dropping chemicals on fires cannot solve th whole fire problem, however," Headley continued. "If it ever became practical to carry chemicals in airplanes to drop on fires, it probably would answer most of our present problems. As yet, the conventional typo of plane is not adaptable for this work." Fire forces also are experimenting with dropping bombs on small blazes to retard progress of the flames until ground crews arrive at the scene, ho said. The bombs retard small fires by smothering the flames when dirt is thrown over them. "So far, however," Headley continued, "we have found ulrcraft most valuable for transporting supplies and equipment quickly Remurkable success has been evident In dropping supplies to ground crews. Such work is a great help In fighting fires deep in the 'back country'." IDLE ASK CUT IN DOLE Tecumser, Ont. Tecumser's unemployed created some kind of a record recently when Ihey appealed to the town council to cut their welfare, allowance by 25 per cent. The request was made and granted when the jobless citizens learned tho town was hard-pressed to support Ihem, FACULTY FAMILY HIT Igan, Utah. Utah State agricultural college, trustees decided recently mat wnen a man ana ; his wife both are on the faculty, the one most capable will be re tained and the other dismissed. "SAND ARTISTS' ON TOUR Howling Green,. Oi William Powell and his wife, known as "sand artists,'' have left 'for -a two-year vaudeville tour of Europe. ' 1 Farm debt adjustment is well in hand in the state of Oregon, with the job largely accomplished and with indications that the volume of work will become negligible before the end of 1936, according to the annual report of the agricultural advisory council, composed of volunteer citizens appointed by the governor. The annual report, as prepared by L. R. Breithaupt of the Oregon State college extension service and executives secretary of the organization, is for the calendar year 1935, during which period 312 cases were formally considered by the various county committees, of which 142 were adjusted. Approximately 250 cases had been carried over from the peak year of 1934, while only 71 were continued into 1936. At the date the report was released, the cases had been reduced to less than half of those on hand January 1. "Statistics show that for more than two years Oregon has led all states in the union in percentage of voluntary farm transfers, and has had the lowest percentage of forced transfers of any northwestern state," said O. M. Plum-mer, chairman of the advisory council, in submitting the annual report to Governor Martin. 'Much of this enviable record can be attributed, no doubt, to the very effective work of the volunteer farm debt adjustment committees appointed by yourself to assist farm debtotrs and their creditors in making debt adjustment and refinancing arrangements," he said. In acknowledging the report, Governor Martin wrote to Chairman Plummer in part as follows: "It is evident that the results obtained are due to the untiring and unselfish efforts of the Oregon Agricultural Advisory council and the county farm debt adjustment committees. Kindly convey to the members my sincere appreciation for their public-spirited work." Thirty-three of the 36 county committees functioned during 1935, although most of them had few cases to consider compared with the previous year. The bulk of the unadjusted cases pending on January 1 of this year were in Clackames, Linn , Grant and Sherman counties. Nineteen counties had no cases pending at that time. Many of those familiar with the work of the past few years believe that the chief need now existing is for a program of gradually reducing the total farm debt of the to a better relationship with the present and probable farm income. Teaching of Farm Teachers Praised Salem, Ore., May 19. Oregon is doing some of the outstanding work in the country in training of agricultural teachers, believes Dr. W. T. Spanton, federal agent for agricultural education in 1.1 western states. Teacher-training at Oregon State college, under the direction of H. H. Gibson, was commended by Dr. Spanton and Dr. H. B. Swanson, of the federal office of education, who accompanied him on a visit here. At Corvallis, students participate as leaders in evening classes for farmers. AAA Will Buy 1500 Tons Oregon Prunes Salem, Ore., May 19. The government will buy 1500 tons of dried prunes in Oregon. Washington and Idaho May 26, R. A. Palen. purohasing agent of the AAA's commodities purchase section, informed Governor Martin today. Bids will be opened in Washington, D. C. Palen said, and sellers must be able to deliver the prunes in 30 days. Governor Martin recently urged the purchase be made. Polk Men to Try More Katahdins Dallas Katahdin potatoes, a new variety rapidly becoming popular in western Oregon, will be tried out again this year by Martin Van Groos. C. Buhler and Emil Stevens, reports J. R. Beck, Polk county agent. This variety was tried out locally for the first last year, and although the yield was disappointing because of the dry summer, the growers were pleased with the type of potatoes produced and their cooking quality. Prune and Pear Prospects Good Corvallis An excellent fruit set of prunes and pears, and some injury to walnuts in Douglas county was reported by W. S. Brown, head of the department of horticulture at O. S. C. following a visit to that section early in May. Most walnut trees he observed exhibited no indications of bearing and showed some damage to the trees from the past winter. He expects a good crop of prunes and pears unless the June "drop" results in heavy aliedding. Club; 6:45, market and crop re- ern Oregon. Hood River is includ-ports and weather forecast; 7:00, ed in the eastern Oregon group- --it irr -r inftWiiiiii cherry, blue flowering lettuce, poverty weed and wild snapdragon. Funnels may substitute weed control in all areas in the slate for a soil conserving crop on acreage diverted from soil depleting crop acreage, up to the maximum for the farm. When this is done, the soil conserving payment per acre devoted to these practices will be at the rate of the Class I payment established for tho farm. Such acreage- also counts in determining the soil building allowance for the farm. Additions to the soil depleting classifications other than summer fallow include land in nursery stock and land devoted to orchards, vineyards, tree fruits, cane fruits or nut troes, when clean cultivated, or when a soil depleting crop is grown between the rows. The soil conserving classification has been extended to include bent grass and tall oat grass, win-tor wheat or rye seeded in the spring of 1936 if used only as a cover crop, or orchards, vineyards,, tree fruits, cano fruits or nut trocli if interplanted with soil conserving crops. Only the land interplanted is to be regarded as used for a soil 'conserving crop. , Only a few rates apply exclusively to western Oregon. These deal with clover and alfalfa seedings and arc as follows: For clover (except red, ladinp and sweet clover) in western Oregon, the rate is $2.50 an acre on irrigated land, and $1.50 an acre on non-irrigated land; and $2 an acre if seeded with rape between March 1, 1930 and October 31, 1936. For alfalfa or red clover in western Oregon the rate is $3 an acre on irrigated land and $2 an acre on non-irrigated land. For ladino clover in western Oregon the rale is $4 an acre if seeded on irrigated land. No information was included in the ruling so far received regarding tho recommended practice of liming under the soil building classification. As a representative of the western regional office plans to be in Oregon this week, arrangements have been made to take up with him this and other points not yet clarified. Trials Started In Pasture Crops Several new grass nursery plots have recently been seeded in Linn county by County Agent Floyd Mullen and cooperating farmers. A plot containing 22 varieties was seeded on Orville Pepperling's farm east of Crabtree, and Mr. Pcpporling plans next year to seed 10 or 12 acres to whatever grass shows up best in this demonstration, plot. Mr. Mullen believes many Linn county farms are badly in need of good pasture crops that will offer grazing through the summer months, and says the new federal farm act tends to encourage, such plantings. WOMAN SLIGHTLY HURT Mrs. Chriss Miller of Albany reported to police headquarters today that she suffered a minor injury to her shoulder yesterday when a car driven by J. F. Braly of Albany ran into the rear end of the car in-which-she was-rid-ing on the Albariy-Corvallis highway. . v D.-H. Want Ads Bring Results G. R. Hyslop "Catch Crops' 7:15, Ted Warren "The 1936 Oregon Jersey Jubilees and Tours"; 7:30, The Citizen and His School "Training for Citizenship in a Modern High School Miss Esther Birch and Guy De Lay, Sil-verton High school; 8:00, Oregon State System of Higher Education Walter Redford, president of the Southern Oregon Normal School; 8:15, music; 8:30, Oregon State College Cadet Band Capt. H. L. Beard conducting; 8:45, Reading for Enjoyment "Great Books of the 1930's," Dr. Herbert E. Childs, instructor in English, O. S. C; 0:00-9:15, United Press news. Wednesday, May 20 9:00 a. m. Homemakers' Hour; 9:30, Land Grant College Radio Hour released to NUC; 10:30, music; 10:45, KOAC School of the Air 10:45, The Story of Oregon; 11:00, Around the Pacific, Agnes Dorene Campbell; 11:15, Facts and Affairs; 11:30, The Story of Music; 11:45, music; 12:00, Noon Farm Hour 12:05, United Press news; 12:15, Whose Safety? John. Specific soil building practices for Oregon under the new agricultural program which it is believed will tend to encourage good ' farming and the agricultural bet; torment of the state have been approved by the Triple A organization and by Secretary Wallace, according to word just received by the extension service at Oregon State college. . The details of the soil building practices and the rates of payment for this state have been awaited for some time as they form the basis for the Class II cash grants to individual farmers under tne new act. ut prime interest to western Oregon farmers is the inclusion of perennial weed control as a soil building practice, and the change in classification of orchards regardless of orchards regardless of ago so they will be rated according to use of interplanted land, if any. In general the schedule approved for the state follows closely the recommendations made by the state committee of Oregon, al though rates have been varied in n number of instances. Because of the sharply different conditions between eastern and western parts of the state, certain practices are applicable only in coun ties east of the Cascades and , others only in counties of west- ing.. Soil building payments are to be made for new seedings of legumes and grasses, for seeding and plowing under green manure crops and for control of noxious perennial weeds on cropland. The rates of payment, varying from $1.50 an acre for planting some clovers to as .high as $10 an acre for the eradication of noxious weeds by chemicals, represent a substantial portion of the out-of pocket cost of putting the practices into operation but are not intended to cover all the cost. Officials of the extension service Coint out that the limit of the soil uilding payments which farmers may earn is in each case the soil building allowance for the farm. This is determined by multiplying by $1 the number of acres in soil conserving crops or uses on the farm. In most instances the dates between practices can be counted for 1936 grants are those which are carried out between- the fall of 1935 and October 31, 1936. An important feature for many sections of Oregon is the ap- to substitute perennial noxious substitute perennial weed control for soil conserving crops and thus qualify for soil conserving payments on that acreage. Where perennial grasses and legumes are planted with a nurse or companion crop which is harvested for grain or hay, the acreage so used is eligible to Ijc classified as used for a soil building practice but is not to be regarded as devoted to a soil conserving crop. Rates of payment which apply to the state as a whole follow: , For seedings of perennial grasses or pasture mixtures and leg-ures the rate is $3.50 an acre for irrigated land and $2 an acre for non-irrigated land. Green-manure crops, if seeded on crop land between the fall of 1935 and July 1, 1936, grown in 1936 and plowed under as green manure by October 31. 1936, after attaining at least two months' growth, will qualify , for a pay- ment of $2 an acre. For chemical control of perennial noxious weeds the rate is $10 an acre, and for continuous clean-cultivation control of perennial weeds the rate is $5 an acre. The weed control must be according to approved methods and standards. Perennial noxious weeds include: morning glory or bindweed, while top or hoary cross. Russian knapweed, leafy spurge, perennial sow thistle. Kcrrick; 12:40, market and croplproval of a plan to allow farmers For BEST Results, Feed RED CROWN i' r" Baby Chick Starting Mash (with Milk 100 lbs.. . . . $2.40 RED XROWN MILLS Thurston and Water Phone 32 Albany, Oregon reports and weather forecast. 1:00 p. m., music; 1:15, World Book Man; 1:30, Programs on Parade; 1:45, music; 2:00, Bards of the Oregon Country by James K. Morris; 2:15, music; 2:30, Inter esting People in the News;. 2:45, music; 3:00, Humes along the Oregon Trail 'famous Houses of Mt. Pleasant," Federal Housing Administration; 3:30, music; 3:45, The Monitor Views the News; 4:00, Musical Stories; 4:30, Stories for Boys and Girls. 5:00 p. m., On the Campuses; 5:30, music; 5:45, The Vespers; B:00, Dinner Concert; 6:15, Oregon Grange; 6:30, Evening Farm Hour 6:30, Things Seen and Done Floyd Mullen; 8:45, Mar ket and crop reports and weather I forecast; 7:00, H. R. Sinard Clean Up, Faint Up: : 15, J. D. Mickle "Cream Grading and: Its Importance to the Farmer;" 1 7:30. Music from the Strings i Clara Chapmon, Catherine Jor- j don and Carol Yokum; 7:45, Mu- nicipal Affairs League of Oregon Cities: 8:05, music; 8:15, We Write a Story Alexander Hull; 8:30, Pacific College; 9:00-9:15, United Press news. EGG HEARING SET Salem. Ore., May 19. Grades and standards for eggs sold at retail will be considered at a public hearing at 10 a. m. May 21 in the Oreon building in Portland, ae- rnrHino f Sinlnn T Whito stut At. fTnS.tcir of auiiWt)iie. ANNOUNCEMENT! . .. FOR FULL Sell your Eggs, Poultry Crcfenv -Veal, Livetalves M Lambs, Wool, Turkeys, TO-SWIFT & COMPANY Albany Phone 4 4? """ amm $8fP PRODUCE CO. PHOHE 666 la thblU'.Qieiinial ground' touring the country .rpait of t. sup nio'.ui.i.() o

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