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THE BREMEN ENQUIRER, THURSDAY, JULY 17, 1924. by forebodings of what was to hap 0 iOnmmt tatqutrrr Hat Weatlnes cut-over land, which reduces the monetary loss, but the potential destruction is nevertheless terrific, for the fires on the cut-over acreage destroy the seeds and young growth that would reforest the land. The forestry service says the first important step in reforestration is to start the growth on the cut-over land, and on much of this land "effective protection against fire will be toraw C vv- Mem! ing the importance of planting trees on land unsuited for agricultural purposes, and of saving wherever there is an opportunity. The reports of the forest service of the federal government show that the virgin forests of the United States which formerly covered 822,000,000 acres, have now shrunk to one-sixth of that area, and that of the forest land remaining and not utilized for farming or any other purpose, approximately 81,000,000 acres have been so severely cut and burned as to become an unproductive waste. Thjs area is equivalent to the combined forests of Denmark, Holland, Germany, Belgium, Switzerland, France, Portugal and Spain. Upon an enormous additional area the growth of timber is so small in amount or of such inferior character that its economic value is negligible. The situation is really serious and growing more serious each year. However, there is still oppoi-tunity of insuring a timber supply, but unless the American people awaken to the seriousness of the situation and take early action the opportunity will be gone. give your head an even chance to keep cool? Sailors that will go a long making the hottest day cooler. And yen can get l4 OFF .... s M. ILoweim: He . , I 1 Special Low Men's Suits. pv -suing the balloon to see the land in'. Ihe basKet of the balloon drao-- o ged along Swan's, garden, damaging potatoes and radishes. More than 200 of the pursuing spectators broke into the garden, beating down vegetables and flowers. The damage done by the balloon was about $15, and the damage done by the crowd amounted to abouiTB. Swan sued Guide for the entire $90, j and Guille answered that he was not responsible for the damage done by the crowd. The New York court that heard the IT e.aecu,ea uuule w,a nble for a11 tne injuries sustaineu Dy Civan. it was the natural thing, the court held, for a balloon to draw a crowd, and 1 1 . . -1 . 1 1 i . 1. 1 a 11 ii. : . happened in 1812. ' j and a court awarded judgment in his favor. Now this aeronaut did not actually trespass on this vegetable dealer's garden. As a matter of fact, he landed in a meadow a long way off. Nevertheless the German court decided that the balloonist did all the damage by drawing a crowd. A Belgian court has agreed with the American and German courts. While over a small town in Belgium, a balloon began to collapse from loss of gas. The pilot, finding himself forced to land, selected an open space beyond the town. He was flying just above the roofs of the house, with his drag rope dangling into the street. The villagers, believing the balloonist wished to be drawn down, seized the rope. The aeronaut cried out to them to let go of the rope, but the villagers in- WEEKLY So why not break on a Here are ways toward seem a little them now at - sailormen of bygone years, when encountering the common occurence of heavy weather off the cape and a head wind, used to imagine that out of the mist they could see the galiot of the Flying Dutchman, with its dauntless captain standing on her high poop and shaking his fist at the stormy sky. It is quite safe to say that the Flying Dutchman has not appeared a great deal of recent years. In fact, few modem seamen have ever heard of the legend. Laughter Is A Power To Drive Out Poverty Will a day come when the race will detect the funniness of these juvenil- IT IPC 51 nr! lancrh at Thorn nri hir l'inrh . . b ' & ing at thesrn destroy them ? For your , pen to the nation if this, that or the other candidate were elected or if this, that, or the other policy be came the policy of the nation. The plain fact is that no matter what has happened, America has continued its onward march; the people have grown more prosperous; the happiness of the people has been greater; their vision wider; their charity more all embracing and their patriotism more deeply rooted. Politics is a necessary factor in our lives. There must be government, there must be parties, elections and rivalries. Out of this maelstrom of thought comes our advancement. Let us hope the American people will have enough balance to idealize that they should pay attention only to the constructive elements in our political struggles and discard consideration of everything that deal3 with portending trouble; everyone, Republican, Democrat, and Independent alike realizing that no matter what may be the. result of the issue, America will progress, and times be better. VOLUMES OF NEW LAWS Americans are a unit in agreeing that the country is being burdened to death with useless laws. No one denies that all departments of government have hundreds of unncessary employees. No one could possibly doubt that taxation is exorbitant and mounting higher every day. Practically every candidate for public office denounces extravagance in government, demands early relief, and pledges his services to a policy of reduction. Every election is a paper victory for the forces of econ omy and retrenchment. Yet, in spite of all, the public sees each succeeding administration spend more money than its predecessor, create more office and bureaus, enact more statues (an average of 10,-000 new laws annually) and lead the country deeper into the wilderness of confusion and profligacy. Only those men holding public office who, when casting their votes, oppose extravangance, should be reelected. Unless the people pick men whose record for honesty and sincerity is unimpeachable, unless they elect the best man to serve them, we shall have more and more extravagance and bureaucratic government. Unless the people show sufficient in terest and sufficient energy to select better congressional and legislative material, then the people will have no relief and will deserve none. HIGH ON THE ROLL. Some fifteen years ago Princeton university was much disturbed by the opposition of its alumni and a part of its student body to the progressive effort of Woodrow Wilson, Princeton's president, to reorganize and demorcratize the eating-club system on the campus. This opposition was heated and even violent, but when the alumni assembled at Princeton for commencement week recently only respect and admiration for the determined and successful idealist were manifest, and the alumni in general are said to have heartily approved when a tribute to the university's "most famous son," presented by a committee of the Graduate Council to the National Alumni Association, was read by Dr. Henry Van Dyke, as follows: "History will count President Wilson among those supreme idealists who had the power of doing great practical things. Tire central force of his life was loyalty to duty as God gave him to see it. This made him at times inflexible. But it kept him growing, rising splendidly to meet each new opportunty which he regarded as a new responsibility. He was a teacher who taught for truth and nobler manhood. He was a statesman who wrought for the good of all the people of the republic. He was a warrior who fought for the cause of a just, established and defended peace among the nations of the world. High on the roll of American immortals stands the name of Woodrow Wilson, son of Princeton." To '-taught," "wrought," and "fought" many, ever of those who believe Woodrow Wilson's power of achievement was limited by personal characteristics, would add "died for a great cause that will survive." A TIMBER FAMINE IS THREATENED. Startling figures are given by the forest service of the federal government showing the rapid disappearance of timber in this country. Three-fifths of the original timber of the United States is gone and we are using timber four times as fast as we are growing it. The department of conservation in this state has sug-gested a plan, which, if adopted throughout the country, would do much toward insuring an adequate supply of timber for future generations. The state department is stress- "A Good Paper in a Good Town Every Thursday by THE ENQUIRER PUBLISHING CO. S. M. GorroII, Owner James K. Gorrell, Publisher Subscription, $2 a Year In Advance. Entered at the post office at Bremen, Indiana, as second class mail matter. A MATTER OF LAW. A group of boys, strolling along- the street, were dicussing the recent cyclones that have wrought havoc and death in various communities. The sentiment of the boys was that God sent such storms to punish mankind and to prevent the world from becoming over-populated. It is good to know that the average American boy is willing to meet the challenge that the powers of nature bring to his mind. But it is important to society that not only boys, but men and women, should not think of the Almighty as capricious or conclude that nature is not governed by law. North America is a large body of land. It once had a bushy head of forests and its waters were held in natural reservoirs. Under those conditions winds had not the sweep they now have, radiation of moisture was more evenly distributed and wind and rain storms were less concentrated. But even before the advent of man, nature burst forth in terrific storms. There must have been a long period of time when the hazards of nature in this great prairie region, made it impossible for man to try to inhabit this part of the earth. If it were not for winds and rains ir.an could not inhabit this region today. Nature is massive, mighty and often ruthless. But nature operates under law. This is an ordered universe. Not all of the earth is safe for man, or adapted to his needs. We hardly could exist in the cold north, nor the vicinity of volcanoes. Providence does not rescind the laws of nature just because man comes along and builds his cities and his civilization. Nature grants no immunities from its laws, neither is nature vindictive. The traditional theory, the "world's better minds" is that nature exists for a great purpose and that that great purpose finds its highest expressions in the mind and heart of man. It never has been an accepted philosophy of a great people that nature is at enmity with man, but that nature is friendly. Man subsists by means of nature and is part of the natural world. But this does not mean that lightning and storms and other direct effects of nature's laws never will inflict danger or death on man. When man accepts the universe as an orderly institution, it becomes difficult for him to consider earthquakes, cyclones and floods as special revenges of the Creator against man. That would be setting nature against nature and would destroy our faith in the goodness of the Almighty and in the laws of nature. "HOW COME?" ASKS CHINA. "Pardon us if we seem too dumb," says China to Japan, "but we don't quite get you on this exclusion business." Japan is vigorously and, upon occasion, "hara-karily" protesting a-gainst the exclusion of her nationals from the United States. Japan is even asking China to take up the cudgels of protest in behalf of her little brown men. But, meanwhile Chinese and other Orientals are being excluded from Japan, as before. That's what China doesn't understand. Aire ant Japan claims preferential ri-ats from this country over all other Oriental races. She admits that Chinese are not suitable citizens or even residents of Japan, but insists that the Japanese are the heaven-appointed peers of all black, brown, yellow, or variegated Orientals. So China refuses to go wild or lose any sleep over Japanese exclusion ' from the United States. FOUR YEAR FEAR A HABIT. There is no logical reason why the election of a president, a lower house of congress and perhaps one-third of the upper house should have any disturbing effect on the business of the nation. The United States has got along very well under the constitution for some hundred and forty years. In our earlier days conditions were chaotic, there was no such thing as credit for America; the value of American currency was lower than any currency in the world. But with the adoption of the Constitution there began a reign of orderliness and growing stability that has never ceased. Political croakers from time to time have sought to frighten the people Prices on Men's and Young ! terpreted his yells as cries for heln and they vigorously and heroically pulled the balloon to the ground. The pilot was forced to open his valve to releast the gas swiftly In the second story window of a house on a narrow street sat a man who was smoking a cigarette. The cigarette ignited the escaping gas as the balloon settled beside the house, and there was an explosion. Considerable property was destroyed, several people were killed and many were injured. Although the aeronaut swore he was virtually kidnapped from the air, and explained that the catastrophe was caused entirely by the folly of ignorant villag- j ers a Belgian court condemned him to ' TM oil 4-Vio t ! 't in 'j rt' -j New Birds Discovered By Indiana Youngsters New species of birds are being discovered almost every day in Indiana, if descriptions given by children at the public library are to be accepted, said the Indianapolis News. On a bulletin board outside the children's room is a poster bearing the picture of a tree. There are 35 different birds on its branches, and beside it a list of names and dates. This was devised to interest the children in bird study. Each child seeing a new bird, identifies it in the books in the children's room, and has the honor of having the picture, of his bird put on the tree and his name with itT One little girl came in with the announcement that she had seen a beautiful gold and silver bird. She searched through the book and produced as its likeness a picture, below which was written: "The golden pheasant native of China." A boy reported that he had seen a mocking bird, because "my friend Andy was with me, and when I called to him the bird sat there and said: 'Andy, Andy, Andy,' after me." PPvOGRAM . nJ f f 11 i TO race, in its poverty, has unquestion- i A similar case happened in Ger-ably one really effective weapon many where a balloon landed in a laughter. Power, money, persuasion. ! meadow near Frankfort when the bal-supplication, persecution these can last Save out- The inhabitants of lift at a colossal humbug push it a the neighboring village swarmed out little weaken it a little century by j to tte scene of the accident, and on century! but only laughter can blow j the way. tramped a garden to ruin, it to rags and atoms at a blast. The owner brought suit against the Satan in Mark Twain's "The Mvsteri- aeronaut for damage to his vegetables, all that is necessary for this purpose." : Kansas City has just organized its j first summer safety class for children. At the opening session, thirty-four public and parochial schools were represented at an assembly which was held in the public library. Each unit will have ten members and regular meetings will be held during the summer, under the supervision of the Kansas City safety council. , Members of these classes will study accidents, their causes and prevention, and will report collisions and existing hazards as they come to their attention. Surely this is a field of tremendous opportunity and the plan might well be adopted in other cities where there are traffic problems a-plenty. The plan has special merit in that it directs boys' and girls' serious attention to accidents and inspires consideration of preventive means. Instruction at an impressionable age will have a life-long effect. There is daily a greater need for observance of safety rules. On every hand is evidence that the farmer of the future will have to be something of a laboratory chemist. Tendencies in that direction are more and more noticeable. The government's department of agriculture announces that experiments with a new gas generating plant have revealed the possibility of taking a ton of straw and turning it into 10,000 cubic feet of gas for cooking and lighting. In addition, the straw will yield such by-products as 635 pounds of ammonium salts for fertilizer, carbon (charcoal), tar, etc. The department warns that the straw converter is not yet practical enough for farm use but extends hope for future development. Dr. L. C. Gray, economist for the national department of agriculture declares that, out of every $1 invest ed in the farming business, 85 cents are tied up in real estate. This, says Dr. Gray, is largely responsible for the slowness with which agricul- . ture has been readjusting itselt to post-war conditions. In many communities, land speculation has vied with over-production and inadequate diversification as a cause of farm de gression. In addition to this, of course, is the fact that farming is the only remaining basic industry which operates under an almost unrestricted competition. Just as the "Minute Man of the Revolution" was ready, upon a minute's notice, to defend .his country's rights against foreign misrule and usurpation, so should every patriotic American feel that it is his duty to be a "Minute Man of the Constitution," ready at all times to defend the cherished institutions of the American government against all attacks whether from within or without, and to do his part in preserving the blessings of liberty for which our Revolutionary forefathers laid down their lives. Sarcasm Is Not The Best Kind of Wit Native wit loses nothing when it is tempered by courtesy. A smart girl whose speech has never been governed by restraint is liable to degenerate into that social terror, the "lemon," whose every comment is like biting acid. There are rare occasions when sarcasm is as needful as a surgeon's lance, but who wants to be op erated on unnecessarily? "Miss O'Byrne could use her tongue with telling effect is there an Irish woman who cannot? but her cutting phrases were reserved for the cruel and the false." There, in Douglas Gold ring's graphic phrasing, is a portrait of the born-clever gentlewoman who never uses her weapon of wit unfairly and discourteously. Flying Dutchman Legend A Story of Old Salts The legend of the Flying Dutchman is of a Dutch skipper who, in the early part of the Seventeenth century, was trying to round the Cape of Good Hope in the teeth of a succession of heavy gales, against which his clumsy craft was unable to beat to windward and gain any way. This Dutch skipper is said to have blasphemously defied the Almighty to keep him from rounding the cape, and declared that he would keep at it, in spite of heaven and hell, until he made it. He was taken at his word, and it supposed to be still at it. Imaginative ! of of Hie prediction is made that at the rate we are now going in the destruction of our forests there will be a lumber famine in this country within 25 years. It is not too late to prevent such a famine. LOVE, MARRIAGE, MONEY? Now we have the spectacle of a Follies' girl scorning marriage to a banker in lieu of the damages she asks for alleged breach of promise to wed. Madeline Dever vows that one Philip M. Shaw, coaxed her to leave the stage to become his wife. He offered to settle on her $25,000 she declares. That to Madeline seemed fair enough. So she quit her great career. She says she got from her sweetheart certain sums of money, but not the $25,000. Cutting across lots, the romance led to a suit for alleged breach of promise to marry. Madeline asked for $100,000 to assuage her wounded heart. Banker Shaw, after studying the odds, answered that he was prepared to marry her. Madeline, however, says no. He offers to her but an empty shell whereas she wants the $100,000. What the jury may do is a question. The action of an American jury is difficult to forecast. The situation, however, with all its elements of humor, provides another striking example of the necessity for wnoiesome revision ot our marriage laws. The foundation of the American republic is the home. It is the unit of American expression. To see it disintegrated by law to aid in turning the natural moral tendencies of the people into a laughing stock that make a mockery of marriage in one state, divorce a joke in another and breach of promise to wed the subject of a humorous monalogue in still another, is a situation so grave that it ought to be taken seriously. W ANTED. Wanted: Schools that teach the essential worth of the human soul. Wanted: Colleges that stress conscience and emphazise character. Wanted: Universities that regard great souls as of more importance than great full-backs. The citizens who support our educational institutions have the moral, the civil and the financial right to expect that the leaders of our schools and colleges will place "First things first!" Education that stops short of conscience, character and courageous citizenship is not bona fide. It is dangerous to furnish a fool with a weapon. Let the guardians and conservators of our Christian American civilization beware of sharpening the knife in the hands of the moral idiot. And let them beware of any educator or educational institution that fosters conditions to produce moral idiots. BE CAREFUL THIS SUMMER. Careless campers who leave their fires burning in the woods or toss lighted cigar and cigarette stubs into the brush, burned last season more timberland than was cut by all sawmills in the country all year. Reforestation has been recognized for years as one of the great necessities. Something is being accomplished in this direction. But forest fires at present wipe out much more timber every year than is being re grown. Records kept by the forest service show that every year the area of forest land swept by fire is about twice as great as the area cut over by logging operations. Four-fifths of the fires each year are man made. They might be prevented by the exercise of ordinary care. Most of them start from hot coals left by campers or picnickers or from lighted cigarette butts and. some of them come through carelessness of settlers in burning up stump piles and brush heaps. The burned-over acreage is largely ous Stranger." Production of Glass Doubles In Few Years The automobile industry has more than doubled the production of glass in the last several years in America. More than half the plate glass consumed in this country has been used for automobile windows and wind shields, according to a survey of the industry by the National Bank of Commerce. The growing popularity of closed cars, which require about seven times as much plate glass as open cars, ha3 been an important factor in this increased consumption. Already threi of the six leading glass-producing companies have been taken over by automobile manufacturers. Of the total output of all kinds of glass in 1921, $213,471,000, plate glass represented $37,261,000 and building glass $68,951,000. Need Special Laws To Protect Airmen Is an aeronaut legally responsible for the follies of excited spectators j who from the ground feast their eyes on his adventure aloft? The answer is yes, an American court decided more than one hundred years ago. This precedent, and others of more recent date, were discovered by persons now engaged in the foreminded task ofpreparing a sorely needed code laws for the airways Their researches indicate that under the common law of several sations, every misadventure that befalls a man watching an aeronautical exploit is the fault of the aviator. Only enactment of special statutes can relieve the airman from this responsibility, the savants say. The historic cases dealt with balloonists, but are believed to apply equally to pilots modern airships and airplanes. One Guille, a balloonist, descended into the garden of a man named Swan. He called to a workman in Swan's field to help him. There was a crowd THURSDAY, JULY 17 A Tara- in "BLUEBEARD'S STH WIFE. ALSO COMEDY. GLORIA SWAN SON mount Picture. FRIDAY AND SATURDAY, JULY 18-19 TOM MIX, in "THE TROUBLE SHOOTER" with Tony, the Wonder horse. An out of door picture full of action, thrills and laughs. ALSO COMEDY. SUNDAY, JULY 20 'SALOMY JANE," a Paramount Picture with Maurice Flynn, Jacqueline Logan and George Fawcett, taken from Bret Harte's story of the days of the gold rush in California. ALSO COMEDY. THURSDAY, JULY 24 "LAWFUL LARCENY." An Allan Dawn Paramount Ticture with Nita Naldi, Lew Cody, Hope Hampton, Conrad Nagel and Gihhi Grey, Zeigfield Follies dancing star. ALSO COMEDY One Dav Only.