The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 26, 1968 · Page 6
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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 6

West Palm Beach, Florida
Issue Date:
Tuesday, November 26, 1968
Page 6
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C. L. Sulzberger New Freeze In Cold War; Kremlin Bows To Army The Palm Beach Post A JOHN H. PERRY NEWSPAPER M H Ptny Jr Pim. W. W. Altarbwy Jr . Tia. Cacil B Kallay. Puolakar. Omul Muafar R. H Kiitpolrkk. Edilor C. I. Naubout.. Eioe. Editor R. Mark Ella. CitmUuo. Dirottor PubluM Ean Da Eicaot Salurday aid Sunday at J7S1 Soulh Oil. Wm Pla B.cb. Fa. U4UJ By Parry PablkiuoM. lr. Swond taa poatafa said at Waal Pais Baack. Florida Mtntm ol tka Aaocatad Praaa Ha Aaaociaud Proa ia aicloaly tautlad lo tha naa lor raoooUcatao ol all am Manbar Audit Baraao ol Circulatioa M IX IIPTIO RATCMAMIEI can influence on West Europe's economy and the effort by Russia to retain its own massive influence in the East, an effort that has not been wholly successful. Tlam A -.aday I yaar 13120 Pan aad I tain ad Haadaf I yaar H 40 6 aontha . . 124 70 J month! .. IH 34 1 tak I to Hiagla I.M) Poat of limae 10 Sunday Poal Timaa . 24 Poal A Saaday 1 yaaf Ill M iBootba ...115 60 J aontha . . . . ' M 1 Mk I 60 Daily Oaly PaM ar Titan 1 yaar 120 60 taoatha ...110 40 J month ... 15 20 1 .aak I 40 WAIL urn t Payable in advanca 6 aontka 3 aontba 1 aak . . . 11560 ..17 80 .1 60 aaday Oaly I yaar 110 40 (aontka 15 20 3 aontka 12.60 1 aak .20 Daily Only Poat or Tunaa 130 00 116 00 19 00 Saaday Italy 11500 MOO J5 00 By Mail 26 Sunday Poat Timaa .135 Want Ada 633-4033 Tiain A aaday 45 00 123 00 11200 Pal A uaday 1 yaar J45 00 t month! . . 123 00 3monl ..112 00 MM. 1 1 1 iH'l Poal oi Timai J .20 Crnrral Oflica . 833 4011 Tl.l.r.PlimM National Advcrtwina. Reprawntativaa John H. Parry Aaooataa SuiU 502. 1 Waal 44th Streat. Na Vork. N Y. 100.16 Tuesday November 26, 1968 and talked only rather vapidly of doing something about Czechoslovakia in 1968. There is no reason to believe it could do anything if Moscow put the squeeze on Rumania. Therefore NATO's hands-off warning probably has no more substantial meaning than Britain's guarantee of Rumania in 1939 which achieved precisely nothing. The cases of Yugoslavia and Albania are different because both border on NATO Greece and each is just across the Adriatic from NATO Italy. Therefore they are in area of obvious military sensitivity to the Western alliance. Such is not the case with Rumania. It is not the business of either the Western or Eastern coalition to protect non-members except perhaps contiguous sesitive areas. Assumption of such obligations is almost as dangerous as Moscow's commonwealth concept even if the intention is wholly benevolent. Were NATO to be put to the test in the instance of Rumania it would unquestionably be exposed as helpless. Certainly it is not NATO's duty to defend a member of a hostile alliance which, like Czechoslovakia, was unwilling to even try and defend itself. That is for the United Nations. Of course, should Russia ever interfere physically in Yugoslavia or even in Albania, it would surely encounter resistance; and this would produce a different and inherently dangerous situation. For the reasons explained above a new gelid period is settling over Europe despite the improved Vietnam peace prospects and both alliances should be exceedingly careful to avoid making things worse. A phase of cold war is evidently on its way back and we should all remember the warning of Marshal Tito, now sitting in the front lines: "Cold war leads to hot war." (CI N.V. Times NrwsSrrvlrf MOSCOW - There are disturbing indications in both East and West that a period of strained relationships containing many elements of former cold war days may again be settling in. Two basic developments signalizing this refreeze are Soviet proclamation of its new "commonwealth" doctrine, under which Moscow assumes the right to interfere anywhere within the "socialist" world, and NATO's assumption of the right to oppose such interference. Behind these developments lie serious changes in the political complexion of the U.S.S.R. and the United States. A hard line best typified by the single word "Czechoslovakia" has seemingly been assumed by the Kremlin leadership. This hard line does not appear to represent an ideological trend, for even Mikhail Suslov, leading Stalinist in the Soviet Presi-dum, opposed the Czech invasion. What seems to have reversed the post-Stalin thawing process has been an increased military role in Soviet politics. The army now has a higher specific gravity in Moscow's political solution and Brezhnev, the Communist Party boss, is generally regarded as the marshals' favorite leader. In the wake of this disturbing shift come hints that the incoming American administration may be less ready to ease tensions with Russia than has been the case with President Johnson. Nobody can accurately foresee the foreign policy fundaments of President Nixon but advance indications are that these may well be what Moscow will call "tougher." One must add another element that can only in the long run aggravate the situation: This is the increasing Ameri- David Lawrence A ApO i ' THE FORMULA, GENTLEMEN. 1$ TO WORK HAM AND TO LOSE A WAR Hit Pollution Now! A report by the Federal Water Pollution Control Administration on the future of Lake Erie is essentially an optimistic document. It calls the lake the most sensitive of the Great Lakes to pollution, but also the most amenable to corrective treatment. It has a relatively small volume, rapid flushout time and is fed by a high volume of excellent quality water from Lake Huron. The agency's 107-page "Lake Erie Report," recently issued after five years of preparation, calls for an immediate cleanup of the lake involving an expenditure of $1.1 billion to control municipal pollution and $285 million to control industrial pollution. This would curb these two sources of pollution through 1990. But by that time, when the present population of 13 million persons around the lake swells to 18 million, another $1.41 million will be needed to expand municipal waste treatment facilities. A complete program of advanced waste treatment, including control of agricultural runoff and separate storm and sanitary sewer systems, would hike costs to $5 billion. This is a lot of money, but cheap at many times the price. No conceivable expenditure could duplicate this natural resource, even were it technologically possible. The cleanup of Lake Erie, states FWPCA chief Joe G. Moore Jr., "is less a problem of engineering than it is a problem of diverse, inadequate and unwieldy governmental policies, funding and management." The primary responsibility for pollution control, he says, lies at the state and local level. The advice holds elsewhere. Americans can have clean water, clean air and a clean landscape, if Americans really want it. And areas such as South Florida, where water pollution is still a comparatively small problem should profit by the mistakes of Lake Erie's neighbors and take appropriate measures to prevent pollution. Keeping water clean is much easier and cheaper than corrective measures after streams have become open sewers. The time to act is now. 0CCASIONALLY-&UT YOU MUST PICK YOUR ENEMIES CAREFULLY' Victor Riesel Whole Cities Could Burn As Thugs Fight Firemen even heavy refrigerator parts. These firemen are only human. And so they scout the alarms and if some day there is an ambush when The enormous productive and management capacities of the United States exert a powerful and mounting pull on Europe's evolution. This combined magnetic attraction of the West is so enormous that it sucks the East towards it. Trade arrangements are even more important in International Relationships than Military treaties and Mojcow has already seen how one important economic client, Yugoslavia, rearranged its commercial patterns after establishing political independence. A similar trend is perceptible in Rumania and had started in Czechoslovakia prior to its occupation. Russia wants to protect its investment in East Europe upon which the Soviet Union's own ultimate development depends. Each of these influences had already begun to make itself felt prior to the Czech crisis which catalyzed trouble. The question is whether NATO was well advised to respond as it has, by inferentially pledging to react should Mox-cow apply its "commonwealth" doctrine in other socialist areas such as Rumania, Albania or Yugoslavia. The Western alliance is not in fact designed to protect any but member states. It made no move to defend the insurgent Hungarian regime in 1956 could be confronted any day with a dangerous situation. The biggest mistake the Communist Party in the Soviet Union has made in recent ft years was its reversal of the Khrushchev policy in Asia. He had determined that dabbling in Asia was too risky and that to apply Soviet power in Southeast Asia was particularly unwise. He more or less washed his hands of involvement in that area because of a belief that the Western countries Svould contain the Red Chinese and prevent them from executing any policy of expansionism. It turns out that the present-day communist under-rated the resoluteness of the United States and other governments to repel aggression. Now Moscow has again the choice of deciding whether it will continue to be enmeshed in the problems of Southern Asia. One of the unfortunate Soviet Union Reappraising Relationship With West V 7 heavy equipment is needed but has been awaiting the checkout, an entire neighborhood may go up in flames. Last week, Howie McClennan sat with the union's Special Committee of the International Assn. of Firefighters on Problems Affecting Fire Service and Fire Fighters During Riots and Civil Disorders. This is made up of fire union representatives from the 12 cities considered by the union to be the nation's worst problem areas: Cleveland, Cincinnati, Louisville, Detroit, Boston, Buffalo, New York, Baltimore, Oakland, San Diego, Los Angeles and Chicago. At the end of a long session, the men said, in effect, "Our job is to save lives. There is no building structure valuable enough to be worth the loss of the life of a single firefighter. There is need for an educational campaign to convince those in the inner cities who are hostile to firefighters that firefighters are in fact their friends. We fight fires, not people." They added bluntly that, without adequate protection, their union brethren "should not be expected to stay at the LETTERS WASHINGTON - One of these days, there will flash across the land a report that one of our neighborhoods, perhaps even one of our cities, is missing. Then the raucous history of our times will have added a new burning epic to the ancient sagas of Chicago and San Francisco because firefighters, hampered by sharpshooting riflemen, an occasional machine gunner, roving rooftop guerilla bands, dynamiters, and distracted by tens of thousands of false alarms, could not get to the conflagration on time. This is the nightmare with which the firefighters' new national union president, William (Howie) McClennan, lives, amid gory statistics, during his long days at his national headquarters here. Reports from 11 tough cities reveal that in 1967, 82.5 per cent of the firemen in those communities were injured on duty. Many were hurt during civil disturbances. "All fires except explosions and holocausts start small," says Howie McClennan, the kind of "fireman" my predecessors in old city rooms used to call "smoke-eaters." "And then they spread fast if our men don't get to them on time. "And if we're harassed on the way to the flames, or if, when we get there, we run into guerilla fire and have to withdraw, whole neighborhoods can go up even the greater part of an entirecity. "I'm not an alarmist. But we know the brutality of fire. We want to fight fires, not people. We'll do the best we can, but we need help from the 91st Congress, from the communities, from mayors, and most of all, from the people whose neighborhoods we're trying to save." What "bugs" the otherwise jolly, 240 pounder, now moving his family down from Boston to lead the 135,000-mem-ber International Assn. of Fire Fighters (AFL-CIOl, is the delaying of "the full response of equipment" until fire alarms are checked out. This is vital because false alarms have increased by 75 per cent in recent years. A battalion chief in an unmarked car, accompanied by one truck, rushes to the reported fire to see whether a false alarm has brought him there or heavier equipment is needed. Then, if it's not an ambush or a garden variety false alarm, he reports back by shortwave radio and the trucks race in. These firefighters still are under siege. Sharpshooters still are hitting speeding apparatus in West Coast communities. Cleveland has been the "guerilla center." In East Coast megalopolises, chiefs and superior officers have abandoned wearing white helmets and white waterproofs so they don't stand out as targets for sharpshooters. The men still run into booby-trapped staircases. Steps are cut away so they fall back onto a lower landing when they rush up to higher floors with hoses. They still are snared into ambush at buildings, atop which are caches of bneks, spiked beer cans, milk cartons and containers, and disturbance scene, and the decision as to whether fire equipment and firefighters should be kept in the area or pulled out should be made by the fire service officer or man in charge, since only he is qualified to make the necessary evaluation." The firefighters don't want to carry arms. They want all equipment to have plexiglass windows and enclosures for all personnel. There has been no proper preplanning, says the committee, for provision of sleeping, feeding and medical facilities for the firefighters during civil disorder, riots and other local disturbances resulting in fire. "Too many mayors," says the committee, "or chief administrative officials or legislative bodies have failed miserably in their responsibility to their citizens and the fire service . . . They will not appropriate the funds for adequate protective gear or adequate police protection." Howie McClennan's colleagues want friends in and out of the central city. They're eager to reach out and help, as they once did when the community made it possible. Many a down-and-outer was fed and babies were born in firehouses. Now, says McClennan, line-of-duty injuries have jumped to almost 60,000, more than twice the average in the past 10 years. Ghetto area riots are the major factor in this sharp rise. But they'll learn to protect themselves if need be. They're urging their local unions to send cadres to the Pentagon's' Disorder Directorate's school at Camp Gordon, Ga. Fighting fires is a tough way to earn a living and dodging bullets, fire bombs and missiles at the same time doesn't make it easier. Does no one really care? Where are those in and out of the central city who will speak out? Whether we approve of them or not, L.B.J.'s Great Society bills flourished in the 89th Congress because of control by the liberal Democrats and were slowed down by a gain of Republicans in the next Congress. National and state programs are controlled through the balance of the two major political parties and we'd better select the one we think best represents us and stick with it. if we want our vote to count. Mr. Rogers may be a good Congressman but he won't be sitting on Mr. Nixon's side of the aisle next January. Admittedly, in local cause, the party has less significance. Knowledge of a particular candidate's acutal performance and ability for the job is more readily available, but we should not confuse local politics with the need for a definite majority party and a well organized minority in the state and federal legislative bodies. One has only to consider the plight of France, with de Gaulle, to witness the folly of "multiple choice". ROBERT W. MARTIN North Palm Beach things about the Kremlin and the system of Communist Party committees is that so few of the members have had outside experience. They are not really informed about the psychology of the West and the constructive influences of public opinion which a free press can generate. This is why many of the Soviet policies are made without an understanding of the fundamentals and result in a miscalculation that is harmful to the communist cause itself. Some day. if the men in the Kremlin and other communist leaders could see the wisdom of opening the door of communication both ways not only through the press but on the radio the Russian point of view would be likely to be examined with renewed interest throughout the world. For once the Iron Curtain is removed and free communication established, the advocates of communism would have a far better chance to argue their case against capitalism than they have today and at the same time learn the facts given in rebuttal. Until this happens, communism will continue to be associated primarily with militarism, intervention in the internal affairs of other countries, and the denial of human freedoms for millions of citizens who are placed under communist rule. his new-found faith by harping on minor matters. ; God has also now given you the opportunity and privilege of bringing up your children in a truly Christian home. Be sure that you thank Him for this and by your personal life and attitudes, as well as by establishing a family altar, bring these children up as God would have your bring them up. The change you may bs required to make in your own church may cause a temporary heartache but just think how much you are gaining. Bible Verse ; "Let your loins be girded and your burning." 8 Luke 12:35 WASHINGTON - It may be wishful thinking, but there are a few rays of light appearing on the international horizon which indicate that the Soviet Union is reappraising its relationship with the West. Diplomats in London and other capitals have observed a definite move by the Soviets to acheive a better understanding with the United States and other countries not only on Vietnam but with respect to recent events in Czechoslovakia and in the Middle East. Perhaps this is a direct result of the unfavorable reaction of the Western powers to the Soviet invasion of Czechoslovakia the bolstering of NATO as its members start making plans for an enlarged program of military defense. It could be that the Russians are finding themselves stymied in their efforts to build a more effective organization of world communism, including the Red Chinese, and that the commitments which have been made in Asia are more expensive than it was believed they would be. Basically the Soviet people and particularly the Communist Party in Russia have been dismayed that the Communist organizations in other countries, such as France and Italy as well as in some parts of Latin America, have disapproved of the military intervention in Czechoslovakia and have not accepted the official Soviet declaration that only "communist doctrine" was involved. Experts in Russian affairs who have spent a good deal of time in Moscow say that Americans have little idea of how cumbersome and bureaucratic the Soviet government really is. Decisions are not made promptly but only after long delays due largely to the "committee system," which requires lengthy discussions before a policy can be formulated. This is one reason why the Soviet press every now and then has to wait a day or two before making comment on developments abroad which affect the Soviet Union. The Kremlin today would doubtless like to get together with the West on a number of problems with a view to easing the tensions that have been rising. The Moscow government has tried in recent days to encourage the North Vietnamese government to seek an early settlement of the Vietnam War. Not only is the expense of helping the Hanoi regime a big item in the Soviet budget, but there are other complications, particularly in the Middle East where the Soviet Union Socialiso Pays No Tax Figures released by the General Services Administration show that Uncle Sam owns 760,400,000 acres of land a sizeable part of the land area of the United States. The federal government also owns structures and facilities in the U.S. costing $33.4 billion. The greatest portion of these comes under the heading of utility systems, power development and distribution, flood control and navigation which altogether total over $15 billion. When one pauses to realize that the federal government in its role of landowner and commercial business enterpriser is a nontaxpayer, it comes as no surprise that private citizens are saddled with a backbreaking tax burden. Every time an elected representative of the people or an appointed official advocates a federal business undertaking that could be carried out by taxpaying, private enterprise, he is proposing a new draft on the energies and earnings of private citizens. Either directly or indirectly, he is pushing toward the goal of making government the primary employer of U.S. citizens. If this goal should ever be reached, we will no longer be entitled to call our elected representatives public servants. They will be our masters. We hear a lot about socialism but, all it means is hat government is landlord and boss. It means a :ondition of economic servitude wholly incompatible vith the principle of self-government. We should look vith a wary eye on any proposal to expand government .n any business that competes with private enterprise. Mediocrity A Goal? This year's graduates of the University of California at Santa Cruz will have no "A" no "B" and of course no "C"; they will have no grades at all, just pass or fail. And both students and faculty are reported to like the new system. Instructors may add an evaluation of the student's work in classes of less than 35, in larger classes the instructor is presumed to be so remote from any individual student as to make even this impractical. One student said she found it easier to not work for grades because then you learn for learning's sake. Another said she found she was competing with herself and it made her want to perform her best. That's all very well but the whole idea smacks of the trend toward mediocrity that has become the rage throughout the nation. No one cares to be evaluated on his work; it's so much easier to drift with the crowd. Labor organizations insist upon standard pay for everyone doing similar jobs without regard for quantity or quality or output. Management is usually happy to go along because it saves work and headache in determining how much each person is worth and explaining their stand to the less productive. And the overall result is a nation of mediocre producers. No one has an incentive to do his best and few do their best so costs are high and quality questionable. And now our universities are moving toward the same goal; never mind doing your best, you only get credit for a bare passing in any event. Ticket Splitting Defended Billy Graham Share, Sacrifice That s Christianity Editor: During and following the recent election campaign. I read several of your editorials concerning the merits of split-ticket voting and I believe it is necessary that some words be said in defense of the straight party voter. In your enthusiasm for the split-ticket, you have lost sight of the fact that our government, especially at the State and National level, is based on a two-party system and that the Federal Constitution was written assuming that there must be two strong political parties. There is no reason to believe that the mature voter, who decides which political party best represents his beliefs and interests and then votes for the candidates of that party, is the victim of "political manipulation" or has "accepted regimentation". On the contrary, it appears more plausible that the voter who selects candidates simply because they've held the office before, or because of better campaign advertising, without regard for party label, may be guilty of political irresponsibility. I have been a Christian for over twenty years, but my husband has only recently been converted. We go to different churches. He takes our two children with him and I go alone. Don't you think he should go to church with me. -M.F.C. I say that you should thank God your husband has been converted and, if after praying together over the matter he still wishes to go to the church where he was converted, you should go with him. Both of the denominations you mention are excellent churches and you should be so thankful that your husband has finally come to know Christ as his Savior that changing your own church affiliation would be a matter of secondary importance. Furthermore, be very careful that you do not discourage him in

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