The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida on November 18, 1968 · Page 10
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November 18, 1968

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The Palm Beach Post from West Palm Beach, Florida · Page 10

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West Palm Beach, Florida
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Monday, November 18, 1968
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Page 10
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10 Palm Beach Post, Monday, Nov. 18, 1968 Doves, Hawks Criticize 'Sentinel' Defense could insure the future security of the United States and indeed oi the world in this age of guided missiles tipped with hydrogen-bomb warheads. Why. then, are both hawks and doves doubtful about the Sentinel system? First a look at the system itself. Sentinel, as described by Mr. McNamara, was designed to protect the United States from such attack as Red China not Russia could make with long range rockets carrying H-bomb warheads between now and 1980. Sentinel's main components are a vast arraypQf radars, computers and two missiles, one called Spartan and one Sprint. Both have thermonuclear WASHINGTON (NANA) -Among the walking wounded left behind by the Johnson administration seems to he the Sentinel, the relatively "thin" system proposed to protect this country against ballistic missiles fired by Red China. True, Congress adjourned after voting more than $963,000,-000 for use in beginning development and deployment of the Sentinel. True, Secretary of Defense Clifford ordered deployment to proceed forthwith. He further decreed that the funds appropriated for Sentinel be exempt from Congressional-ordered budget cuts. The Sentinel might seem to be well on its way. Appearances are deceiving. Controversy is still flaming largely unseen by any but those dedicated hawks and doves who feed the flames. The controversy seems sure to re-emerge in the new Congress, if perhaps in some different form. Cost is one factor that insures the re-emergence. Former Secretary Mc-Namara originally estimated the cost of the Sentinel program at $5 billion. The Army now estimates that it will cost about $5.5 billion a 10 per cent increase in less than a year. The paradoxical thing about Sentinel is that hawks and doves agree it contains some of the elements needed for protection against enemy missiles. Each side feels Sentinel Spartan is designed to intercept incoming enemy warheads some 200 to 400 miles about the earth. Sprint, on the other hand, is designed to intercept any incoming warheads that Spartan misses. Sprint is said to have a range of 25 miles and is designed to operate some 30,000 to 100.000 feet above the target it is defending. But now see the hawk-dove split on all this. Currently, hawks argue that Sentinel is being kept too small. It . must be expanded, they say, to limit the damage not only from any Chinese attack but also from the Russians, attacking singly or otherwise. Doves say that's exactly wrong. To them the system looks not too small but too big. They mean that Sentinel, as proposed, is a provocation to Russia to develop even more powerful nuclear weapons that could penetrate any antimissile system the United States could conceivably develop. Thus the opponents want a smaller ABM than even that envisioned by Mr. McNamara. Reduced to guarding only our Minuteman missile fields Sentinel would be no longer provocative, it is held, but might very well be the basis for an arms limitation agreement if the Russians do the same on their side. With such a dual system both the United States and Russia would have an effective means of pr serving their retaliatory forces whichever side struck first. Satellite reconnaissance would enable either side to see if the other was cheating. Or so the experts maintain. The trouble with talking frankly about any proposed ABM system is that it is a matter of great delicacy. In particular, the entire question of Sentinel and therest is inextricably tied up with such emotional questions as ( 1 ) the nuclear non-proliferation treaty, now awaiting approval by the Senate and (2) new strategic concepts of warfare and intelligence gathering. The non-proliferation treaty is no more than a vital, first step toward some form of world-wide arms control. The treaty would not be an iron-bound guarantee that any non-nuclear nation signing it could never thereafter build or receive nuclear weapons. But it would make much harder for those nations any withdrawal from the treaty by either building their own or accepting nuclear arms from other nations in the future. ABM systems properly designed by the super-powers might also keep any runaway nation from thinking it could get away with using nuclear arms against a neighbor. Threats to use nuclear weapons against the super-powers, if they dared to intervene in any regional dispute, would hardly deter a super-power protected in advance. As for new strategic concepts it is now held by experts on both sides of the Iron Curtain that if one side makes a breakthrough on new weapons that that side must make certain the other side knows of it. Rival intelligence-gathering agencies are not to be trusted. The information must be made public, according to this belief, by carefully prepared announcements relating to tests of secret weapons. As these hazards of nuclear war multiply. ABM protection takes on another dimension. A super-power so protected would be less prone, in case of a nuclear accident on the other side, to respond with a panicky finger on the trigger. W ' f - " - - : itVim W 9 XJf 1 UffiftOM?tt70 4T We're all decked out for the holidays! We're brimming over with a store full of gift-minded delights! All specially picked and priced with your budget in mind! Shop early and really enjoy the holidays this year! AIVAAVR CIDGT HI IA ITV M w w ' ' W I I W I Mb W 1 I I To get or give . . . our own I 1ST mm Yoyf Choke! -! 10-cup percolator 4-10 capacity. Aluminum with black bakelite handle. Automatic brewing. Terrific gift! 9.99 t PARTY PERCOLATOR ELECTRIC KNIFE HAIR DRYER 3-SPEED MIXER 10-CUP PERCOLATOR 2-SLICE TOASTER o STEAM-DRY IRON t CAN OPENER 30-cup party percolator Polished aluminum with black bakelite handles and base. 10-30 cup. No drip spout. 9.99 (d)99 each Our exciting low price! . Vi 17 2-slice toaster PENNEYS OVER THE COUNTER ONE YEAR REPLACEMENT GUARANTEE! Penneys will replace Penncrest small appliances within one year of purchase date, free of charge if it proves to be defective as to material or workmanship. Present the defective merchandise to your nearest Penney Store or Catalog Center . .. you'll receive a new one. Of course, this guarantee does not apply to damage from accident, misuse or abuse. (When new models of comparable quality are introduced at the same selling price, you will receive the benefit of having the current model as your replacement.) . Chrome plated steel with black handles. End color control and lever. Bird and flower de sign on end panels. 4 foot cord. Electric slicing knife Lightweight plastic body, 8 foot cord, blade release. Push button control. White and 1 9.99 Portable hair dryer 3-speed mixer Electric can opener Steam and dry iron Polished aluminum soleplate with 17 vents. Fabric select-o-guide for correct temperature. Lightweight compact design. Mixing chart. Beater ejector. Your choice of white or avocado colors. Semi-automatic operation! Removable cutting assembly for easy cleaning. Rubber feet. Cord storage. Chrome face and white body. 4 drying positions. Carrying handle. 40" flexible hose. Hood and hose storage compartment. Great gift! 9.99 Grey handle. 9.99 9.99 9.99 PENNEYS . . . Open 10 A.M. Til 9:30 P.M. Monday Thru Saturday CHARGE IT LAY-A-WAY T! 7f DIAL 683-5500 rtuwft CQnBf QHNV as tow moNi Ss$Xm&

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